HOME
The Info List - Sanming


--- Advertisement ---



Sanming
Sanming
(Chinese: 三明; pinyin: Sānmíng; Foochow Romanized: Săng-mìng)) is a prefecture-level city in western Fujian
Fujian
province, China. It borders Nanping
Nanping
City to the north, Fuzhou
Fuzhou
City to the east, Quanzhou
Quanzhou
City to the southeast, Longyan
Longyan
City to the south, and the province of Jiangxi
Jiangxi
to the west. Sanming
Sanming
lies between Wuyi and Daiyun mountains.

Contents

1 Geography and demographics 2 Administration 3 History 4 Environment and tourism 5 Cuisine 6 Twin towns – sister cities 7 Climate 8 References 9 External links

Geography and demographics[edit] The prefecture level city of Sanming
Sanming
has a total area of 22,928.8 square kilometres (8,852.9 sq mi), and 82% of this extension is composed of mountainous areas, 8.3% of arable land and 9.7% of water or other type of terrain. Sanming
Sanming
is well known by its beautiful nature landscape with different landforms, including unique Danxia Landform
Danxia Landform
and abundant Karst topography. The most famous spots include global geopark Taining Golden Lake in Taining County, Yuhua Cave in Jiangle County
Jiangle County
and Goose Cave in Ninghua County. According to the 2010 Census, Sanming
Sanming
has a population of 2,503,338, 70,687 inhabitants less than in 2000 Census (the average annual population growth for the period 2000-2010 was of -0.28%).[1] The emigration of population from Sanming
Sanming
to other areas of Fujian
Fujian
is a constant process, even encouraged by government politics since the 1960s. Administration[edit] The prefecture-level city of Sanming
Sanming
administers 2 districts, 1 county-level city, 9 counties. The information here presented is in km² and using data from 2010 Census.

Map

Meilie Sanyuan Mingxi County Qingliu County Ninghua County Datian County Youxi County Sha County Jiangle County Taining County Jianning County Yong'an (city)

Name Chinese Pinyin Foochow Area Population Density

Meilie District 梅列区 Méiliè Qū Mùi-liĕk-kṳ̆ 353 176,539 500

Sanyuan District 三元区 Sānyuán Qū Săng-nguòng-kṳ̆ 803 198,958 248

Yong'an
Yong'an
City 永安市 Yǒng'ān Shì Īng-ăng-chê 2,941 347,042 118

Mingxi County 明溪县 Míngxī Xiàn Mìng-kă̤-gâing 1,704 102,667 60

Qingliu County 清流县 Qīngliú Xiàn Chĭng-liù-gâing 1,825 136,248 75

Ninghua County 宁化县 Nínghuà Xiàn Nìng-huá-gâing 2,381 272,443 114

Datian County 大田县 Dàtián Xiàn Duâi-dièng-gâing 2,294 311,631 136

Youxi County 尤溪县 Yóuxī Xiàn Iù-kă̤-gâing 3,425 352,067 103

Sha County 沙县 Shā Xiàn Să-gâing 1,815 226,669 125

Jiangle County 将乐县 Jiānglè Xiàn Ciŏng-lŏk-gâing 2,247 148,867 66

Taining County 泰宁县 Tàiníng Xiàn Tái-nìng-gâing 1,534 110,278 72

Jianning County 建宁县 Jiànníng Xiàn Gióng-nìng-gâing 1,742 119,979 69

History[edit] In 1940 Sanyuan County was established. In 1956, Mingxi and Sanyuan Counties were combined to Sanming
Sanming
County, then in 1960 it was replaced with Sanming
Sanming
city. Environment and tourism[edit] Sanming
Sanming
has four well preserved and protected National Parks. The city was labeled as the most "green" city of the most "green" province in China. Da Jin Hu, which is the most famous tourist spot in Sanming, is also well known as Taining Gorden Lake Geopark
Geopark
marked by UNESCO. The Geopark
Geopark
is famous for its unique Danxia Landform. The lake situated inside Taining County
Taining County
at the south end of Wuyi Mountain
Mountain
is the major State-level place of scenic beauty with the length of 60-plus kilometres and water area of more than 50 thousand mu.The best tour season of Taining Jinhu Lake is from April to October each year. Besides, there are quite a number of places of historic interest and scenic beauty which include the State-level Taining Jinhu Lake,Yong-an Taoyuan Cave--------Linying Stone Forest, and the provincial level Jiangle Yuhua Cave, Sha Xian Qixian Cave, Ninghua Tian-er Cave and Meilie Ruiyun Mountain
Mountain
in Sanming.The natural reserves in Jiangle Longxi mountain, Xingkou Geshikao, Shaxian Nanmu Forest and Yong-an Tianbao Rock have been well known for the rare animals. The ancient architectural structure in Taining, Shibi Village, the originating place of the Hakkas in Ninghua and the birthplace of Zhu Xi in Youxi have all been noticeable both in China
China
and overseas. Yong-an Taoyuan Cave,situated by Yan River on the north of Yong-an City, is a major State-level place of scenic beauty with an area of 10 kilometres. Linying Stone Forest,a marvellous spectacle located in Dahu Village 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) northwest of Yong-an City, is a State-level major place of scenic beauty with a total area of 1.21 square kilometres (0.47 sq mi). The architectural structure group built in the ancient Ming Dynasty situated at the center of the urban district of Taining County
Taining County
is a State-level cultural relics under protection, having a high value in studying the ancient Chinese architecture,especially that in the Ming Dynasty. Sanming University
Sanming University
is sole university in Sanming. Cuisine[edit] Further information: Shaxian delicacies Local food style in Sanming
Sanming
City normally includes various snacks especially the famous Sha County
Sha County
Snacks. Sha County
Sha County
snack is one of well-known snack styles in China, which can be found in hundreds of cities around mainland China. Sha County
Sha County
snacks have a long history and are known to be living artifacts of the Han people's food culture. Currently, 39 varieties of Sha County
Sha County
snacks have been labeled as "Famous Chinese Snacks" and 63 kinds as "Famous Fujian
Fujian
Snacks." The China
China
Cuisine Association awarded Sha County
Sha County
the title of "Snack Culture City“ in China
China
on December 8, 2006. The production process of Sha County
Sha County
snacks was listed in Fujian intangible cultural heritage in 2007, and has been declared a national intangible cultural heritage. Representing Fujian, Sha County
Sha County
snacks are also available on the Chinese Food Street at the Shanghai 2010 World Expo. Besides Sha County
Sha County
snacks, Yong'an
Yong'an
snacks and Ninghua County
Ninghua County
snacks attract local people a lot as well. Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Lansing, United States[2]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Sanming
Sanming
(1981−2010)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 28.5 (83.3) 34.4 (93.9) 34.7 (94.5) 35.5 (95.9) 37.0 (98.6) 37.9 (100.2) 41.4 (106.5) 41.0 (105.8) 38.6 (101.5) 35.8 (96.4) 34.1 (93.4) 29.1 (84.4) 41.4 (106.5)

Average high °C (°F) 15.1 (59.2) 16.6 (61.9) 20.0 (68) 25.0 (77) 28.5 (83.3) 31.2 (88.2) 33.9 (93) 33.9 (93) 30.7 (87.3) 26.7 (80.1) 21.7 (71.1) 16.8 (62.2) 25.01 (77.03)

Daily mean °C (°F) 10.0 (50) 11.7 (53.1) 14.8 (58.6) 19.5 (67.1) 23.1 (73.6) 25.9 (78.6) 28.4 (83.1) 27.8 (82) 25.3 (77.5) 21.1 (70) 16.0 (60.8) 11.0 (51.8) 19.55 (67.18)

Average low °C (°F) 6.6 (43.9) 8.5 (47.3) 11.4 (52.5) 15.8 (60.4) 19.4 (66.9) 22.3 (72.1) 23.9 (75) 23.7 (74.7) 21.7 (71.1) 17.2 (63) 12.2 (54) 7.2 (45) 15.82 (60.49)

Record low °C (°F) −3.8 (25.2) −2.5 (27.5) −1.8 (28.8) 4.2 (39.6) 9.6 (49.3) 14.0 (57.2) 20.0 (68) 18.6 (65.5) 13.1 (55.6) 6.0 (42.8) 0.4 (32.7) −5.8 (21.6) −5.8 (21.6)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 63.3 (2.492) 114.1 (4.492) 205.0 (8.071) 221.4 (8.717) 266.3 (10.484) 257.8 (10.15) 133.0 (5.236) 159.9 (6.295) 98.6 (3.882) 55.8 (2.197) 48.6 (1.913) 41.5 (1.634) 1,665.3 (65.563)

Average relative humidity (%) 78 80 81 80 80 81 75 77 78 75 77 77 78.3

Source: China
China
Meteorological Data Service Center

References[edit]

^ (in Chinese) Compilation by LianXin website. Data from the Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China ^ "Lansing, Michigan". Sister Cities International. Retrieved 26 April 2014. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sanming.

Government website of Sanming Sanming
Sanming
Window

v t e

Fujian
Fujian
topics

Fuzhou
Fuzhou
(PRC capital) Jincheng (ROC capital)

General

History Politics Economy

Geography

Cities Jiulong River Min River Wuyi Mountains East China
China
Sea South China
China
Sea Taiwan Strait Haitan Island Jin River

Education

Huaqiao University Xiamen
Xiamen
University Jimei University Xiamen University
Xiamen University
of Technology Longyan
Longyan
University Putian
Putian
University

Culture

Hokkien culture Hoklo people Min Chinese
Min Chinese
language Written Hokkien Hokkien architecture Hokkien earthen buildings Dehua porcelain Jian ware Shoushan stone carvings Music Glove puppetry Koa-á books Tale of the Lychee Mirror Gongfu tea ceremony Fujian
Fujian
White Crane Dog Kung Fu Mazu Baosheng Dadi Hui'an maidens Narcissus Turtle-back tombs Hakka people Hakka architecture

Cuisine

Fujian
Fujian
cuisine Hokkien mee Bak kut teh Banmian Buddha jumps over the wall Oolong tea

Visitor attractions

Anping Bridge Fujian
Fujian
Tulou Guanghua Temple Nanshan Temple Matsu pilgrimage Kaiyuan Temple South Putuo Temple

Category Commons

v t e

County-level divisions of Fujian
Fujian
Province

Fuzhou
Fuzhou
(capital)

Sub-provincial city

Xiamen

Siming District Haicang District

Fujian
Fujian
Free-Trade Zone

Huli District

Fujian
Fujian
Free-Trade Zone

Jimei District Tong'an District Xiang'an District

Prefecture-level cities

Fuzhou

Gulou District Taijiang District Cangshan District Mawei District

Fujian
Fujian
Free-Trade Zone

Jin'an District Changle District Fuqing
Fuqing
City Minhou County Lianjiang County Luoyuan County Minqing County Yongtai County Pingtan County

Fujian
Fujian
Free-Trade Zone

Putian

Chengxiang District Hanjiang District Licheng District Xiuyu District Xianyou County

Sanming

Meilie District Sanyuan District Yong'an
Yong'an
City Mingxi County Qingliu County Ninghua County Datian County Youxi County Sha County Jiangle County Taining County Jianning County

Quanzhou

Licheng District Fengze District Luojiang District Quangang District Shishi City Jinjiang City Nan'an City Hui'an County Anxi County Yongchun County Dehua County Jinmen County¹

Zhangzhou

Xiangcheng District Longwen District Longhai City Yunxiao County Zhangpu County Zhao'an County Changtai County Dongshan County Nanjing County Pinghe County Hua'an County

Nanping

Jianyang District Yanping District Shaowu
Shaowu
City Wuyishan City Jian'ou
Jian'ou
City Shunchang County Pucheng County Guangze County Songxi County Zhenghe County

Longyan

Xinluo District Yongding District Zhangping
Zhangping
City Changting County Shanghang County Wuping County Liancheng County

Ningde

Jiaocheng District Fu'an
Fu'an
City Fuding
Fuding
City Shouning County Xiapu County Zherong County Pingnan County Gutian County Zhouning County

¹ — Jinmen (Kinmen/Quemoy) is administered as a county by the Republic of China, but c

.