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SANMING (Chinese : 三明; pinyin : Sānmíng; Foochow Romanized : Săng-mìng)) is a prefecture-level city in western Fujian
Fujian
province, China
China
. It borders Nanping
Nanping
City to the north, Fuzhou
Fuzhou
City to the east, Quanzhou
Quanzhou
City to the southeast, Longyan
Longyan
City to the south, and the province of Jiangxi
Jiangxi
to the west. Sanming
Sanming
lies between Wuyi and Daiyun mountains.

CONTENTS

* 1 Geography and demographics * 2 Administration * 3 History * 4 Environment and tourism * 5 Cuisine * 6 Twin towns – sister cities * 7 References * 8 External links

GEOGRAPHY AND DEMOGRAPHICS

The prefecture level city of Sanming
Sanming
has a total area of 22,928.8 square kilometres (8,852.9 sq mi), and 82% of this extension is composed of mountainous areas , 8.3% of arable land and 9.7% of water or other type of terrain.

Sanming
Sanming
is well known by its beautiful nature landscape with different landforms, including unique Danxia Landform and abundant Karst topography
Karst topography
. The most famous spots include global geopark Taining Golden Lake in Taining County , Yuhua Cave in Jiangle County and Goose Cave in Ninghua County .

According to the 2010 Census , Sanming
Sanming
has a population of 2,503,338, 70,687 inhabitants less than in 2000 Census (the average annual population growth for the period 2000-2010 was of -0.28%). The emigration of population from Sanming
Sanming
to other areas of Fujian
Fujian
is a constant process, even encouraged by government politics since the 1960s.

ADMINISTRATION

The prefecture-level city of Sanming
Sanming
administers 2 districts , 1 county-level city , 9 counties . The information here presented is in km² and using data from 2010 Census.

MAP

MEILIE SANYUAN Mingxi County Qingliu County Ninghua County Datian County Youxi County Sha County Jiangle County Taining County Jianning County Yong'an (city)

NAME CHINESE PINYIN FOOCHOW AREA POPULATION DENSITY

Meilie District 梅列区 Méiliè Qū Mùi-liĕk-kṳ̆ 353 176,539 500

Sanyuan District 三元区 Sānyuán Qū Săng-nguòng-kṳ̆ 803 198,958 248

Yong\'an City 永安市 Yǒng'ān Shì Īng-ăng-chê 2,941 347,042 118

Mingxi County
Mingxi County
明溪县 Míngxī Xiàn Mìng-kă̤-gâing 1,704 102,667 60

Qingliu County 清流县 Qīngliú Xiàn Chĭng-liù-gâing 1,825 136,248 75

Ninghua County 宁化县 Nínghuà Xiàn Nìng-huá-gâing 2,381 272,443 114

Datian County 大田县 Dàtián Xiàn Duâi-dièng-gâing 2,294 311,631 136

Youxi County 尤溪县 Yóuxī Xiàn Iù-kă̤-gâing 3,425 352,067 103

Sha County 沙县 Shā Xiàn Să-gâing 1,815 226,669 125

Jiangle County 将乐县 Jiānglè Xiàn Ciŏng-lŏk-gâing 2,247 148,867 66

Taining County 泰宁县 Tàiníng Xiàn Tái-nìng-gâing 1,534 110,278 72

Jianning County 建宁县 Jiànníng Xiàn Gióng-nìng-gâing 1,742 119,979 69

HISTORY

In 1940 Sanyuan County was established. In 1956, Mingxi and Sanyuan Counties were combined to Sanming
Sanming
County, then in 1960 it was replaced with Sanming
Sanming
city.

ENVIRONMENT AND TOURISM

Sanming
Sanming
has four well preserved and protected National Parks. The city was labeled as the most "green" city of the most "green" province in China.

Da Jin Hu , which is the most famous tourist spot in Sanming, is also well known as Taining Gorden Lake Geopark marked by UNESCO . The Geopark is famous for its unique Danxia Landform . The lake situated inside Taining County at the south end of Wuyi Mountain
Mountain
is the major State-level place of scenic beauty with the length of 60-plus kilometres and water area of more than 50 thousand mu.The best tour season of Taining Jinhu Lake is from April to October each year.

Besides, there are quite a number of places of historic interest and scenic beauty which include the State-level Taining Jinhu Lake,Yong-an Taoyuan Cave--------Linying Stone Forest, and the provincial level Jiangle Yuhua Cave, Sha Xian Qixian Cave, Ninghua Tian-er Cave and Meilie Ruiyun Mountain
Mountain
in Sanming.The natural reserves in Jiangle Longxi mountain, Xingkou Geshikao, Shaxian Nanmu Forest and Yong-an Tianbao Rock have been well known for the rare animals. The ancient architectural structure in Taining, Shibi Village, the originating place of the Hakkas in Ninghua and the birthplace of Zhu Xi in Youxi have all been noticeable both in China
China
and overseas.

Yong-an Taoyuan Cave,situated by Yan River on the north of Yong-an City, is a major State-level place of scenic beauty with an area of 10 kilometres.

Linying Stone Forest,a marvellous spectacle located in Dahu Village 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) northwest of Yong-an City, is a State-level major place of scenic beauty with a total area of 1.21 square kilometres (0.47 sq mi).

The architectural structure group built in the ancient Ming Dynasty situated at the center of the urban district of Taining County is a State-level cultural relics under protection, having a high value in studying the ancient Chinese architecture,especially that in the Ming Dynasty.

CUISINE

Further information: Shaxian delicacies

Local food style in Sanming
Sanming
City normally includes various snacks especially the famous Sha County Snacks. Sha County snack is one of well-known snack styles in China, which can be found in hundreds of cities around mainland China.

Sha County snacks have a long history and are known to be living artifacts of the Han people's food culture.

Currently, 39 varieties of Sha County snacks have been labeled as "Famous Chinese Snacks" and 63 kinds as "Famous Fujian
Fujian
Snacks." The China
China
Cuisine Association awarded Sha County the title of "Snack Culture City“ in China
China
on December 8, 2006.

The production process of