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SANAMAHISM or SANAMAHI LAINING refers to the traditional Meitei beliefs and religion found in the northeastern Indian states near Myanmar
Myanmar
. The term is derived from Sanamahi, one of the important Meitei deities. According to Bertil Lintner, Sanamahism
Sanamahism
is an "animistic , ancestor worshipping, shaman-led tradition".

Sanamahism
Sanamahism
is practiced by the Meitei , Zeliangrong and other communities who inhabit Manipur, Assam
Assam
, Tripura
Tripura
, Myanmar
Myanmar
and Bangladesh
Bangladesh
, with small migrant populations in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
, United States
United States
, and Canada
Canada
.

CONTENTS

* 1 Revival

* 2 Form of worship

* 2.1 Deities * 2.2 Offerings

* 3 References * 4 Bibliography

REVIVAL

According to 2011 census, about eight percent of Manipur belong to religions stated as 'other'.

Religion
Religion
in Manipur is thought to have passed through three stages.

FORM OF WORSHIP

In assimilate features such as the worship of forces of nature like fire, water, mountain, ancestor worship ( Apokpa ), Lamlai (Outdoor Dwelling Gods and Goddesses), Yumlai (House dwelling Gods and Goddesses), Ningthoulai (King God) and Umanglai (Forest Dwelling God). Religion
Religion
of antiquity – in its pure native form, it is as all as the history of Meitei people from the time immemorial.

DEITIES

There is reference to the worship of Sanamahi by Ningthou (King) Kangba in the Hayi age. Manipur is a polytheistic land with Atiya Sidaba as the supreme god. Atiya Sidaba, Apaanba and Asheeba are the three manifestations or incarnations of God
God
as the creator, the preserver and the annihilator of this universe respectively.

Panthoibi is the Mother of the Universe and Nongpok Ningthou is her mate. Besides those, three hundred and sixty-four deities with their consorts are the most important deities worshipped by the Meiteis.

The Plain Kabui are observed in worship of Sanamahi and Ima Leimarel.

Sanamahi (also known as Asheeba) has a creator brother (like him) named Paakhangba (Konjin Tukthapa).

Some of the important gods and goddesses worshiped by the Meiteis are:

* Shidaba Mapu (Immortal Owner) * Lainingthou Sanamahi (Supreme God
God
of the Household Gods and Goddesses) * Ebudhou Paakhangba (Younger Brother of Lainingthou Sanamahi and the Ruler of the outside world) * Ima Leimarel Sidabi * Apokpa (Prime Ancestor God
God
and Goddess, different according to different surnames) * Ebendhou Emoinu (Goddess of prosperity, wealth and kitchen) * Ema Panthoibi (goddess of valor and battle) * Yumjao Lairembi (Household Goddess) * Ema Phouoibi (Goddess of Bounty) * Ebudhou Marjing ( God
God
of sports and also the protector of North-East Direction) * Ebudhou Thangjing ( God
God
of power and also the protector of South-West Direction) * Ebudhou Wangbrel ( God
God
of rain, death and also the protector of South-East Direction)(Kumar 2004, 92) * Ebudhou Koubru ( God
God
of strength and also the protector of North-West Direction)

They also worshipped the Umanglais (forest dwelling gods and goddesses). Umanglais are the protectors, preservers of their corresponding areas/localities which includes houses, fields, welfare of the people, etc. In short, the Umanglais are the guardians of the outer world of the people and also these gods and goddesses are associated with each and every doings of the people in day-to-day life. Hence, They are considerrd to be very powerful.

Some of the Umanglais are:

* Ema Eereima Oinam Lekai * Lainingthou Nongshaaba * Lainingthou Puthiba * Lainingthou Awaangba * Lainingthou Marjing * Lainingthou Khoiriphaaba * Ema Khunthok-haanbi * Ema Haoreima Sampubi * Ema Eereima * Ekop Ningthou * Thoubal Ningthou * Ema Kondong Lairembi * Nongpok Ningthou * Langol Ningthou * Ema Langol Lairembi * Ebudhou Naothingkhong Paakhangba * Ebudhou Khamlaangba * Ebudhou Oknarel * Ebudhou Thangnarel * Ebudhou Yangoiningthou

The title "Lainingthou" refers to the incarnation from Lainingthou Sanamahi and the title "Ebudhou" refers to the incarnation from Ebudhou Paakhangba.

OFFERINGS

Meiteis offer praying to the household gods and goddesses twice a day, once at dawn and once at dusk. They offer incense sticks/burner and candles/meiraa along with flowers and water.

Devout Meiteis offer food at sacred spots daily to the goddess of kitchen and prosperity, Ebendhou Emoinu.

REFERENCES

* ^ 2001 Census * ^ Bertil Lintner (2015). Great Game East: India, China, and the Struggle for Asia\'s Most Volatile Frontier. Yale University Press. p. 113. ISBN 978-0-300-19567-5 . * ^ P. 199 Social Movements in North-East India
India
By Mahendra Narain Karna * ^ P. 4290 Encyclopaedia of Indian Literature By various * ^ People of India
India
By Kumar Suresh Singh, S. B. Roy, Asok K. Ghosh * ^ P. 82 A History of Manipuri Literature By Ch Manihar Singh * ^ P. 62 Feminism in a traditional society by Manjusri Chaki-Sircar

BIBLIOGRAPHY

* Kshetrimayum, Otojit (2014), Ritual, Politics and Power in North East India: Contextualising the Lai Haraoba of Manipur, Ruby Press & Co., ISBN 978-93-82395-50-8 * Hodson, T.C. (2015), The Meitheis, Ruby Press & Co., ISBN 978-93-82395-56-0 * Singh, Dr. Saikhom Gopal (2015), The Meeteis of Manipur: A Study in Human Geography, Ruby Press & Co., ISBN 978-93-82395-21-8 * Singh, Dr. Saikhom Gopal (2015), Population Geography of Manipur, Ruby Press & Co., ISBN 978-93-82395-25-6

* v * t * e

Religion
Religion

MAJOR RELIGIOUS GROUPS AND RELIGIOUS DENOMINATIONS

ABRAHAMIC

JUDAISM

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Haymanot

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Tiantai

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* Tibetan * Shingon * Newar * Bon
Bon

* Navayana

OTHERS

* Jainism
Jainism

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Digambara
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Śvētāmbara

* Sikhism
Sikhism
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Bon
Lamaism * Kirant Mundhum
Kirant Mundhum

IRANIAN

* Manichaeism
Manichaeism

* Yazdânism

* Yazidism * Ishikism * Ali-Illahism * Yarsanism
Yarsanism

* Zoroastrianism
Zoroastrianism

EUROPEAN

* Armenian

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Druwi
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URALIC

* Finnish * Hungarian

* Uralic

* Mari * Mordvin * Udmurt

Central and Northern Asian

* Burkhanism
Burkhanism
* Chuvash * Manchu * Mongolian * Siberian * Tengrism
Tengrism

EAST ASIAN

* Confucianism
Confucianism
* Faism * Taoism
Taoism
* Luoism * Neo- Confucianism
Confucianism
* Shenism * Wuism * Shinto
Shinto
* Ryukyuan religion
Ryukyuan religion
* Cheondoism * Muism * Jeungsanism * Benzhuism * Bimoism
Bimoism
* Bon
Bon
* Dongbaism * Hmongism * Meishanism * Mileism * Shigongism * Yiguandao
Yiguandao

SOUTHEAST ASIAN

* Burmese * Caodaism * Satsana Phi * Malaysian * Marapu (Sumba) * Indonesian * Kaharingan * Hoahaoism * Javanism * Philippine

* Vietnamese

* Đạo Mẫu
Đạo Mẫu

AFRICAN

TRADITIONAL

* Akan * Akamba * Baluba * Bantu * Berber * Bushongo * Cushitic * Dinka * Efik * Fon and Ewe * Guanche * Igbo * Isoko * Lotuko * Lozi * Lugbara * Maasai * Mbuti * San * Serer * Tumbuka * Waaq * Yoruba * Zulu

DIASPORIC

* Candomblé
Candomblé
* Kumina * Obeah
Obeah
* Quimbanda * Palo * Santería
Santería
* Umbanda
Umbanda
* Vodou * Voodoo * Winti

OTHER GROUPS

* Bathouism
Bathouism
* Bongthingism * Donyi-Polo
Donyi-Polo
* Dravidian * Kiratism * Sanamahism * Sarnaism
Sarnaism
* Aboriginal Australian * Native American * Mesoamerican * Hawaiian * Polynesian

RECENT

* Discordianism
Discordianism
* Pastafarianism * Eckankar
Eckankar
* Jediism * New Age * New Thought
New Thought
* Raëlism * Satanism
Satanism
* Scientology
Scientology
* Thelema
Thelema
* Unitarian Universalism
Unitarian Universalism
* Wicca
Wicca

HISTORICAL RELIGIONS

PREHISTORIC

* Paleolithic

NEAR EAST

* Arabian * Egyptian * Mesopotamian * Semitic

INDO-EUROPEAN

ASIA

* Proto-Indo-Iranian * Armenian * Ossetian * Vedic

* Zoroastrianism
Zoroastrianism

* Mithraism
Mithraism
* Zurvanism

* Gnosticism
Gnosticism

* Manichaeism
Manichaeism

EUROPE

* Celtic

* Germanic

* Anglo-Saxon * Continental * Norse

* Greek

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Gnosticism
* Neoplatonism
Neoplatonism

* Manichaeism
Manichaeism
* Balkan * Roman * Slavic

TOPICS

ASPECTS

* Apostasy
Apostasy
/ Disaffiliation * Behaviour * Beliefs * Clergy
Clergy
* Conversion * Deities * Entheogens * Ethnic religion
Ethnic religion
* Denomination * Faith
Faith
* Fire * Folk religion
Folk religion
* God
God
* Meditation
Meditation

* Monasticism
Monasticism

* monk * nun

* Mysticism
Mysticism
* Mythology * Nature * Ordination
Ordination
* Orthodoxy
Orthodoxy
* Orthopraxy
Orthopraxy
* Prayer
Prayer
* Religious experience

* Ritual
Ritual

* liturgy * sacrifice

* Spirituality
Spirituality
* Supernatural
Supernatural
* Symbols * Truth * Water * Worship
Worship

THEISM

* Animism
Animism
* Deism
Deism
* Dualism
Dualism
* Henotheism * Monotheism
Monotheism
* Nontheism * Panentheism * Pantheism
Pantheism
* Polytheism
Polytheism
* Transtheism

RELIGIOUS STUDIES

* Anthropology * Cognitive science * Comparative * Development * Evolutionary origin * Evolutionary psychology * History * Philosophy * Neurotheology * Psychology * Sociology * Theology
Theology
* Theories * Women

Religion
Religion
and society

* Agriculture * Business

* Clergy
Clergy

* monasticism * ordination

* Conversion

* evangelism * missionary * proselytism

* Education * Fanaticism

* Freedom

* pluralism * syncretism * toleration * universalism

* Fundamentalism * Growth * Happiness * Homosexuality * Minorities * National church
National church
* National religiosity levels * Religiocentrism * Political science * Populations * Schism
Schism
* Science * State * Theocracy
Theocracy
* Vegetarianism * Video games

* Violence

* persecution * terrorism * war

* Wealth

Secularism
Secularism
and irreligion

* Antireligion * Deism
Deism
* Agnosticism
Agnosticism
* Atheism
Atheism
* Criticism * LaVeyan Satanism
Satanism
* Deconstruction * Humanistic Judaism
Judaism
* Irreligion by country * Objectivism * Secular humanism
Secular humanism
* Secular theology * Secularization
Secularization
* Separation of church and state
Separation of church and state
* Unaffiliated

Overviews and lists

* Index * Outline * Timeline * Abrahamic prophets * Deification * Deities * Founders * Mass gatherings * New religious movements * Organizations * Religions and spiritual traditions * Scholars

* Category
Category

.