SANAMAHISM or SANAMAHI LAINING refers to the traditional Meitei
beliefs and religion found in the northeastern Indian states near
* 1 Revival
* 2 Form of worship
* 2.1 Deities * 2.2 Offerings
* 3 References * 4 Bibliography
According to 2011 census, about eight percent of Manipur belong to religions stated as 'other'.
FORM OF WORSHIP
In assimilate features such as the worship of forces of nature like
fire, water, mountain, ancestor worship (
Apokpa ), Lamlai (Outdoor
Dwelling Gods and Goddesses), Yumlai (House dwelling Gods and
Goddesses), Ningthoulai (King God) and Umanglai (Forest Dwelling God).
There is reference to the worship of Sanamahi by Ningthou (King)
Kangba in the Hayi age.
Manipur is a polytheistic land with Atiya
Sidaba as the supreme god. Atiya Sidaba, Apaanba and Asheeba are the
three manifestations or incarnations of
Panthoibi is the Mother of the Universe and Nongpok Ningthou is her mate. Besides those, three hundred and sixty-four deities with their consorts are the most important deities worshipped by the Meiteis.
The Plain Kabui are observed in worship of Sanamahi and Ima Leimarel.
Sanamahi (also known as Asheeba) has a creator brother (like him) named Paakhangba (Konjin Tukthapa).
Some of the important gods and goddesses worshiped by the Meiteis are:
* Shidaba Mapu (Immortal Owner)
* Lainingthou Sanamahi (Supreme
They also worshipped the Umanglais (forest dwelling gods and goddesses). Umanglais are the protectors, preservers of their corresponding areas/localities which includes houses, fields, welfare of the people, etc. In short, the Umanglais are the guardians of the outer world of the people and also these gods and goddesses are associated with each and every doings of the people in day-to-day life. Hence, They are considerrd to be very powerful.
Some of the Umanglais are:
* Ema Eereima Oinam Lekai * Lainingthou Nongshaaba * Lainingthou Puthiba * Lainingthou Awaangba * Lainingthou Marjing * Lainingthou Khoiriphaaba * Ema Khunthok-haanbi * Ema Haoreima Sampubi * Ema Eereima * Ekop Ningthou * Thoubal Ningthou * Ema Kondong Lairembi * Nongpok Ningthou * Langol Ningthou * Ema Langol Lairembi * Ebudhou Naothingkhong Paakhangba * Ebudhou Khamlaangba * Ebudhou Oknarel * Ebudhou Thangnarel * Ebudhou Yangoiningthou
The title "Lainingthou" refers to the incarnation from Lainingthou Sanamahi and the title "Ebudhou" refers to the incarnation from Ebudhou Paakhangba.
Meiteis offer praying to the household gods and goddesses twice a day, once at dawn and once at dusk. They offer incense sticks/burner and candles/meiraa along with flowers and water.
Devout Meiteis offer food at sacred spots daily to the goddess of kitchen and prosperity, Ebendhou Emoinu.
* ^ 2001 Census
* ^ Bertil Lintner (2015). Great Game East: India, China, and the
Struggle for Asia\'s Most Volatile Frontier. Yale University Press. p.
113. ISBN 978-0-300-19567-5 .
* ^ P. 199 Social Movements in North-East
* Kshetrimayum, Otojit (2014), Ritual, Politics and Power in North East India: Contextualising the Lai Haraoba of Manipur, Ruby Press & Co., ISBN 978-93-82395-50-8 * Hodson, T.C. (2015), The Meitheis, Ruby Press & Co., ISBN 978-93-82395-56-0 * Singh, Dr. Saikhom Gopal (2015), The Meeteis of Manipur: A Study in Human Geography, Ruby Press & Co., ISBN 978-93-82395-21-8 * Singh, Dr. Saikhom Gopal (2015), Population Geography of Manipur, Ruby Press & Co., ISBN 978-93-82395-25-6
* v * t * e
MAJOR RELIGIOUS GROUPS AND RELIGIOUS DENOMINATIONS
* Haredi * Hasidic * Modern
Church of the East
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* pluralism * syncretism * toleration * universalism
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Overviews and lists
* Index * Outline * Timeline * Abrahamic prophets * Deification * Deities * Founders * Mass gatherings * New religious movements * Organizations * Religions and spiritual traditions * Scholars