San Marino (/sæn məˈriːnoʊ/ ( listen);
Italian: [san maˈriːno]), officially the
Republic of San
Marino (Italian: Repubblica di San Marino), also known as the
Most Serene Republic of San Marino (Italian: Serenissima Repubblica
di San Marino), is an enclaved microstate surrounded by Italy,
situated on the
Italian Peninsula on the northeastern side of the
Apennine Mountains. Its size is just over 61 km2
(24 sq mi), with a population of 33,562. Its capital is
City of San Marino
City of San Marino and its largest city is Serravalle. San Marino
has the smallest population of all the members of the Council of
The country takes its name from Marinus, a stonemason originating from
the Roman colony on the island of Rab, in modern-day Croatia. In A.D.
257[clarification needed], Marinus according to legend participated in
the reconstruction of Rimini's city walls after their destruction by
Liburnian pirates. Marinus then went on to found an independent
monastic community on
Monte Titano in A.D. 301; thus,
San Marino lays
claim to be the oldest extant sovereign state as well as the oldest
San Marino is governed by the
Constitution of San Marino
Constitution of San Marino (Leges
Statutae Republicae Sancti Marini), a series of six books written in
Latin in the late 16th century, that dictate the country’s political
system, among other matters. The country is considered to have the
earliest written governing documents, or constitution, still in
The country's economy mainly relies on finance, industry, services and
tourism. It is among the wealthiest countries in the world in terms of
GDP (per capita), with a figure comparable to the most developed
San Marino is considered to have a highly stable
economy, with one of the lowest unemployment rates in Europe, no
national debt and a budget surplus. It is the only country with
more vehicles than people. In diplomatic terms, following the
Italy it is among the core members of the Uniting for
3.1 Administrative divisions
3.2.2 Guard of the Rock
3.2.3 Guard of the Grand and General Council
3.2.4 Company of Uniformed Militia
3.2.5 Military Ensemble
4.3 Conventions with Italy
5.2 Notable people
6.1 Public transport
7.6 Public holidays and festivals
8 See also
10 External links
Main article: History of San Marino
Illustration of Saint Marinus, the founder of the
Republic of San
Marino, and prominent cultural figure
Saint Marinus left the island of
Rab in present-day
Croatia with his
lifelong friend Leo, and went to the city of
Rimini as a stonemason.
Diocletianic Persecution following his Christian sermons, he
escaped to the nearby Monte Titano, where he built a small church and
thus founded what is now the city and state of San Marino, which is
sometimes still called the "Titanic Republic". The official date
of the founding of what is now known as the
Republic is 3 September
In 1631, its independence was recognized by the Papacy.
The advance of Napoleon's army in 1797 presented a brief threat to the
independence of San Marino, but the country was saved from losing its
liberty thanks to one of its Regents, Antonio Onofri, who managed to
gain the respect and friendship of Napoleon. Thanks to his
intervention, Napoleon, in a letter delivered to Gaspard Monge,
scientist and commissary of the French Government for Science and Art,
promised to guarantee and protect the independence of the Republic,
even offering to extend its territory according to its needs. The
offer was declined by the Regents, fearing future retaliation from
other states' revanchism.
San Marino constitution, or more precisely statutes, of 1600
During the later phase of the
Italian unification process in the 19th
San Marino served as a refuge for many people persecuted
because of their support for unification. In recognition of this
Giuseppe Garibaldi accepted the wish of
San Marino not to be
incorporated into the new Italian state.
The government of
San Marino made
United States President Abraham
Lincoln an honorary citizen. He wrote in reply, saying that the
republic proved that "government founded on republican principles is
capable of being so administered as to be secure and
During World War I, when
Italy declared war on
Austria-Hungary on 23
San Marino remained neutral and
Italy adopted a hostile view
Sammarinese neutrality, suspecting that
San Marino could harbour
Austrian spies who could be given access to its new radiotelegraph
Italy tried to forcibly establish a detachment of Carabinieri
in the republic and then cut the republic's telephone lines when it
did not comply. Two groups of ten volunteers joined Italian forces in
the fighting on the Italian front, the first as combatants and the
second as a medical corps operating a Red Cross field hospital. The
existence of this hospital later caused
Austria-Hungary to suspend
diplomatic relations with San Marino.
From 1923 to 1943,
San Marino was under the rule of the Sammarinese
Fascist Party (PFS).
British troops at
Monte Titano during the battle of San Marino,
During World War II,
San Marino remained neutral, although it was
wrongly reported in an article from
The New York Times
The New York Times that it had
declared war on the
United Kingdom on 17 September 1940. The
Sammarinese government later transmitted a message to the British
government stating that they had not declared war on the United
Three days after the fall of
Benito Mussolini in Italy, PFS rule
collapsed and the new government declared neutrality in the conflict.
The Fascists regained power on 1 April 1944 but kept neutrality
intact. Despite that, on 26 June 1944,
San Marino was bombed by the
Royal Air Force, in the belief that
San Marino had been overrun by
German forces and was being used to amass stores and ammunition. The
Sammarinese government declared on the same day that no military
installations or equipment were located on its territory, and that no
belligerent forces had been allowed to enter.
San Marino accepted
thousands of civilian refugees when Allied forces went over the Gothic
Line. In September 1944, it was briefly occupied by German forces,
who were defeated by Allied forces in the Battle of San Marino.
San Marino had the world's first democratically elected communist
government – a coalition between the
Sammarinese Communist Party and
Sammarinese Socialist Party, which held office between 1945 and
San Marino is the world's smallest republic, although when Nauru
gained independence in 1968 it challenged that claim, Nauru's land
mass being only 21 km2 (8.1 sq mi). However Nauru's
jurisdiction over its surrounding waters covers 431,000 km2
(166,000 sq mi), an area thousands of times greater than the
territory of San Marino.
San Marino became a member of the Council of
Europe in 1988 and of the
United Nations in 1992. It is neither a member of the European Union,
nor of the
Eurozone although it uses the euro as its currency.
Main article: Geography of San Marino
The fortress of
Guaita on Mount Titano
Map of San Marino
San Marino is an enclave (landlocked) surrounded by
Italy in Southern
Europe, on the border between the regioni of
Emilia Romagna and Marche
and about 10 km (6.21 mi) from the
Adriatic coast at Rimini.
Its hilly topography, with no flat ground, is part of the Apennine
mountain range. The highest point in the country, the summit of Monte
Titano, is 749 m (2,457 ft) above sea level. There are no bodies of
water of any significant size.
San Marino is the third smallest
country in Europe, with only
Vatican City and
Monaco being smaller. It
is also the fifth smallest country in the world.
The climate is Mediterranean with continental influences, having warm
summers and cool winters that are typical of inland areas of the
central Italian peninsula.
Climate data for San Marino
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Source: World Weather Online
Main article: Politics of San Marino
See also: Foreign relations of San Marino, Constitution of San Marino,
Capital punishment in
San Marino, San Marino
San Marino, San Marino passport, Law enforcement
in San Marino, and Elections in San Marino
The Palazzo Pubblico, seat of the government of San Marino
Four former Captains Regent: from left to right, Mirko Tomassoni,
Alessandro Rossi, Alessandro Mancini, and Alberto Selva
San Marino has the political framework of a parliamentary
representative democratic republic: the
Captains Regent are both heads
of state and heads of government, and there is a pluriform multi-party
Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative
power is vested in both the government and the Grand and General
Council. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the
San Marino was originally led by the Arengo, initially formed from the
heads of each family. In the 13th century, power was given to the
Grand and General Council. In 1243, the first two
Captains Regent were
nominated by the Council. As of 2016[update], this method of
nomination is still in use.
The legislature of the republic is the Grand and General Council
(Consiglio grande e generale). The Council is a unicameral legislature
with 60 members. There are elections every five years by proportional
representation in all nine administrative districts. These districts
(townships) correspond to the old parishes of the republic.
Citizens 18 years or older are eligible to vote. Beside general
Grand and General Council
Grand and General Council approves the budget and
elects the Captains Regent, the State Congress (composed of ten
Secretaries with executive power), the Council of Twelve (which forms
the judicial branch during the period of legislature of the Council),
the Advising Commissions, and the Government Unions. The council also
has the power to ratify treaties with other countries. The council is
divided into five different Advising Commissions consisting of fifteen
councillors who examine, propose, and discuss the implementation of
new laws that are on their way to being presented on the floor of the
Every six months, the council elects two
Captains Regent to be the
heads of state. The Regents are chosen from opposing parties so that
there is a balance of power. They serve a six-month term. The
investiture of the
Captains Regent takes place on 1 April and 1
October in every year. Once this term is over, citizens have three
days in which to file complaints about the Captains' activities. If
they warrant it, judicial proceedings against the ex-head(s) of state
can be initiated.
The practice of having two heads of state, like Roman consuls, chosen
in frequent elections, is derived directly from the customs of the
Roman Republic. The Council is equivalent to the Roman Senate; the
Captains Regent, to the consuls of ancient Rome. It is thought the
inhabitants of the area came together as Roman rule collapsed to form
a rudimentary government for their own protection from foreign rule.
San Marino is a multi-party democratic republic. A new election law in
2008 raised the threshold for small parties entering Parliament,
causing political parties to organise themselves into two alliances:
the right-wing Pact for San Marino, led by the San Marinese Christian
Democratic Party; and the left-wing Reforms and Freedom, led by the
Party of Socialists and Democrats, a merger of the Socialist Party of
San Marino and the former communist Party of Democrats. The 2008
general election was won by the
Pact for San Marino
Pact for San Marino with 35 seats in
Grand and General Council
Grand and General Council against Reforms and Freedom's 25.
On 1 October 2007,
Mirko Tomassoni was elected as among the heads of
state, making him the first disabled person ever to have been elected
as captain regent.
San Marino has had more female heads of state than any other country:
15 as of October 2014, including three who served twice. With regard
to the legal profession, while the Order of Lawyers and Notaries of
San Marino [Ordine degli Avvocati e Notai della
Repubblica di San Marino] exists, there is no clear indication as to
how demographic groups, such as women, have fared in the legal field.
Administrative divisions of San Marino
San Marino is divided into the following nine municipalities, known
locally as castelli (meaning "castles"):
San Marino (City of San Marino, officially Città di San Marino) is
There are also eight minor municipalities:
The largest settlement of the
Republic is Dogana, which is not an
autonomous castello, but rather belongs to the Castello of Serravalle.
In a similar way to an Italian comune, each castello includes a main
settlement, called capoluogo, which is the seat of the castello, and
some even smaller localities known as frazioni.
The republic is made up of 43 parishes named curacies (It:
Cà Berlone, Cà Chiavello, Cà Giannino, Cà Melone, Cà Ragni, Cà
Rigo, Cailungo, Caladino, Calligaria, Canepa, Capanne, Casole,
Castellaro, Cerbaiola, Cinque Vie, Confine, Corianino, Crociale,
Dogana, Falciano, Fiorina, Galavotto, Gualdicciolo, La Serra,
Lesignano, Molarini, Montalbo, Monte Pulito, Murata, Pianacci,
Piandivello, Poggio Casalino, Poggio Chiesanuova, Ponte Mellini,
Rovereta, San Giovanni sotto le Penne, Santa Mustiola, Spaccio
Giannoni, Teglio, Torraccia, Valdragone,
Valgiurata and Ventoso.
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Main article: Military of San Marino
San Marino's military forces are among the smallest in the world.
National defence is, by arrangement, the responsibility of Italy's
armed forces. Different branches have varied functions, including:
performing ceremonial duties; patrolling borders; mounting guard at
government buildings; and assisting police in major criminal cases.
The police are not included in the military of San Marino.
Once at the heart of San Marino's army, the
Crossbow Corps is now a
ceremonial force of approximately 80 volunteers. Since 1295, the
Crossbow Corps has provided demonstrations of crossbow shooting at
festivals. Its uniform is medieval in design. While still a statutory
military unit, the
Crossbow Corps has no military function today.
Guard of the Rock
Guards of the Rock
The Guard of the Rock is a front-line military unit in the San Marino
armed forces, a state border patrol, with responsibility for
patrolling borders and defending them. In their role as Fortress
Guards they are responsible for guarding the Palazzo Pubblico in San
Marino City, the seat of national government.
In this role they are the forces most visible to tourists, and are
known for their colourful ceremony of Changing the Guard. Under the
1987 statute the Guard of the Rock are all enrolled as "Criminal
Police Officers" (in addition to their military role) and assist the
police in investigating major crime. The uniform of the Guard of the
Rock is a distinctive red and green.
Guard of the Grand and General Council
The Guard of the
Grand and General Council
Grand and General Council commonly known as The Guard
of the Council or locally as the "Guard of Nobles", formed in 1740, is
a volunteer unit with ceremonial duties. Due to its striking blue,
white, and gold uniform, it is perhaps the best-known part of the
Sammarinese military, and appears on countless postcard views of the
republic. The functions of the Guard of the Council are to protect the
Captains Regents, and to defend the
Grand and General Council
Grand and General Council during
its formal sessions. They also act as ceremonial bodyguards to
government officials at both state and church festivals.
Company of Uniformed Militia
In former times, all families with two or more adult male members were
required to enroll half of them in the Company of Uniformed Militia.
This unit remains the basic fighting force of the armed forces of San
Marino, but is largely ceremonial. It is a matter of civic pride for
Sammarinese to belong to the force, and all citizens with at
least six years residence in the republic are entitled to enroll.
The uniform is dark blue, with a kepi bearing a blue and white plume.
The ceremonial form of the uniform includes a white cross-strap, and
white and blue sash, white epaulets, and white decorated cuffs.
Formally this is part of the Army Militia, and is the ceremonial
military band of San Marino. It consists of approximately 50
musicians. The uniform is similar to that of the Army Militia.
Military Ensemble music accompanies most state occasions in the
Established in 1842, the Gendarmerie of
San Marino is a militarised
law enforcement agency. Its members are full-time and have
responsibility for the protection of citizens and property, and the
preservation of law and order.
The entire military corps of
San Marino depends upon the co-operation
of full-time forces and their retained (volunteer) colleagues, known
as the Corpi Militari Volontari, or Voluntary Military Force.
Main articles: Economy of San Marino,
Sammarinese euro coins, and List
of banks in San Marino
Tourism, together with banking, is the country's main source of
San Marino is not a
European Union member, it is allowed to
use the euro as its currency by arrangement with the Council of the
European Union; it is also granted the right to use its own designs on
the national side of the euro coins. Before the euro, the Sammarinese
lira was pegged to, and exchangeable with, the Italian lira. The small
Sammarinese euro coins, as was the case with the lira before
it, are primarily of interest to coin collectors.
San Marino's per capita GDP of US$55,449 and standard of living are
comparable to that of Denmark. Key industries include banking,
electronics, and ceramics. The main agricultural products are wine and
San Marino imports mainly staple goods from Italy.
San Marino's postage stamps, which are valid for mail posted in the
country, are mostly sold to philatelists and are an important source
San Marino is a member of the Small European Postal
The corporate profits tax rate in
San Marino is 19%. Capital gains are
subject to a five percent tax; interest is subject to a 13%
In 1972, a value-added tax (VAT) system was introduced in Italy, and
was applied in San Marino, in accordance with the 1939 friendship
treaty. In addition, a tax on imported goods, to be levied by San
Marino, was established. Such taxes, however, were not, and are not,
applied to national products. Until 1996, goods manufactured and sold
San Marino were not subject to indirect taxation.
European Union customs agreement,
San Marino continues to
levy taxes, the equivalent of an import duty, on imported goods. Also,
a general VAT was introduced, in replacement of the Italian VAT.
Tourism in San Marino
The tourist sector contributes over 22% of San Marino's GDP, with
approximately 2 million tourists having visited in 2014.
Conventions with Italy
San Marino and
Italy have engaged in conventions since 1862,
dictating some economic activities in San Marino's territory.
Cultivation of tobacco and production of goods, which are subject to
Italy's government monopoly, are forbidden in San Marino. Direct
import is forbidden: all goods coming from a third party have to
Italy before reaching the country. Although it is
allowed to print its own postal stamps,
San Marino is not allowed to
coin its own currency and is obliged to use Italy's mint. Gambling is
legal and regulated; however, casinos were outlawed prior to 2007.
There is currently one legally operating casino.
In exchange for these limitations,
San Marino with an
annual stipend, and at cost, sea salt (not more than 250 tonnes per
year), tobacco (40 tonnes), cigarettes (20 tonnes) and matches
At the border there are no formalities with Italy. However, at the
tourist office visitors can purchase officially cancelled souvenir
stamps for their passports.
Main article: Demographics of San Marino
San Marino has a population of approximately 33,000, with 4,800
foreign residents, most of whom are Italian citizens. Another 12,000
Sammarinese live abroad (5,700 in Italy, 3,000 in the USA, 1,900 in
France and 1,600 in Argentina).
The first census since 1976 was held in 2010. Results were expected by
the end of 2011. However, 13% of families did not return their forms.
The primary language spoken is Italian; Romagnol is also widely
San Marino has a life expectancy among the longest in the world.
Giovanni Battista Belluzzi (1506 in
San Marino – 1554) a Sammarinese
Francesco Maria Marini (di Pesaro) (1630–1686) who composed some of
the finest pieces of the era.
Pasquale Valentini (born 1953 in San Marino) a
who has held multiple ministerial posts
Simone Pacini (born 1981 in San Marino) a
Sammarinese footballer who
plays for local club Folgore as a midfielder
Davide Simoncini (born 30 August 1986 in San Marino) is a Sammarinese
footballer who plays as a defender for
San Marino club A.C. Libertas
San Marino national football team.
Aldo Junior Simoncini (born 30 August 1986 in San Marino) is a
Sammarinese footballer who plays as a goalkeeper for
San Marino club
A.C. Libertas and
San Marino national football team.
Alessandro Bianchi (born 19 July 1989 in San Marino) is a San Marino
international footballer who plays as a forward.
Simone Benedettini (born 1997 in San Marino) is a Sammarinese
footballer who plays as a goalkeeper
Valentina Monetta (born 1 March 1975 in San Marino) is a Sammarinese
singer who represented
San Marino four times in the Eurovision Song
Main article: Religion in San Marino
San Marino Cathedral
San Marino is a predominantly Catholic state—over 97% of the
population profess the Roman Catholic faith, but it is not the
established religion. Approximately half of those who profess to be
Catholic practice the faith. There is no episcopal see in San
Marino, although its name is part of the present diocesan title.
Historically, the various parishes in
San Marino were divided between
two Italian dioceses, mostly in the
Diocese of Montefeltro, and partly
Diocese of Rimini. In 1977, the border between
Rimini was readjusted so that all of
San Marino fell within the
diocese of Montefeltro. The bishop of Montefeltro-
San Marino resides
in Pennabilli, in Italy's province of Pesaro e Urbino.
However, there is a provision under the income tax rules that the
taxpayers have the right to request for allocation of 0.3% of their
income tax to the Catholic Church or to "other" charities. The
churches include the two religious groups of the
Waldensian Church and
The Roman Catholic
Diocese of San Marino-
Montefeltro was until 1977
the historic diocese of Montefeltro. It is a suffragan of the
archdiocese of Ravenna-Cervia. The current diocese includes all
the parishes of San Marino. The earliest mention of Montefeltro, as
Mona Feretri, is in the diplomas by which
Charlemagne confirmed the
donation of Pepin. The first known bishop of
Montefeltro was Agatho
(826), whose residence was at San Leo. Under Bishop Flaminios Dondi
(1724) the see was again transferred to San Leo, but later it returned
to Pennabilli. The historic diocese was a suffragan of the archdiocese
of Urbino. Since 1988, there is formally an apostolic nunciature
to the republic, but it is vested in the nuncio to Italy.
There has been a Jewish presence in
San Marino for at least 600
years. The first mention of Jews in
San Marino dates to the late
14th century, in official documents recording the business
transactions of Jews. There are many documents throughout the 15th to
17th centuries describing Jewish dealings and verifying the presence
of a Jewish community in San Marino. Jews were permitted official
protection by the government.
During World War II,
San Marino provided a haven for more than 100,000
Italians and Jews (approximately 10 times the
at the time) from Nazi persecution. Today, only a few Jews remain.
San Marino (2011)
Main article: Transport in San Marino
There are 220 km (140 mi) of roads in the country, the main
road being the
San Marino Highway. Authorities license private
vehicles with distinctive
Sammarinese license plates, which are white
with blue figures and the coat of arms, usually a letter followed by
up to four numbers. Many vehicles also carry the international vehicle
identification code (in black on a white oval sticker), which is
There are no public airports in San Marino, but there is a small
private airstrip located in
Torraccia and an international heliport
located in Borgo Maggiore. Most tourists who arrive by air land at
Federico Fellini International Airport
Federico Fellini International Airport close to the city of Rimini,
then make the transfer by bus.
Two rivers flow through San Marino, but there is no major water
transport, and no port or harbour.
San Marino has limited public transport facilities. There is a regular
bus service between
Rimini and the city of
San Marino that is popular
with both tourists and workers commuting to
San Marino from Italy.
This service stops at approximately 20 locations in
Rimini and within
San Marino, with its two terminus stops at
Rimini railway station and
San Marino coach station.
A limited licensed taxi service operates nationwide. There are seven
licensed taxi companies operating in the republic, and Italian
taxis regularly operate within
San Marino when carrying passengers
picked up in Italian territory.
Aerial tramway to Monte Titano
There is a 1.5 km (0.93 mi) aerial tramway connecting the
City of San Marino
City of San Marino on top of
Monte Titano with Borgo Maggiore, a major
town in the republic, with the second largest population of any
Sammarinese settlement. From here a further connection is available to
the nation's largest settlement, Dogana, via the local bus service.
Two aerial tramway cars (gondolas) operate, with service provided at
roughly 15-minute intervals throughout the day. A third vehicle is
available on the system, a service car for the use of engineers
maintaining the tramway.
Today, there is no railway in San Marino, but for a short period
before World War II, it had a single narrow-gauge line, connecting the
country with the Italian rail network at Rimini. Because of the
difficulties in accessing the capital, City of San Marino, with its
mountain-top location, the terminus station was planned to be located
in the village of Valdragone, but was extended to reach the capital
through a steep and winding track comprising many tunnels. The railway
was opened on 12 June 1932. An advanced system for its time, it
was an electric railway, powered from overhead cables. It was well
built and had a high frequency of passengers, but was almost
completely destroyed during World War II. Many facilities such as
bridges, tunnels, and stations remain visible today, and some have
been converted to parks, public footpaths, or traffic routes.
Part of a series on the
Culture of San Marino
Music and performing arts
World Heritage Sites
Coat of arms
A painting in the Museo di Stato di
San Marino by Pompeo Batoni
Three Towers of San Marino
Three Towers of San Marino are located on the three peaks of Monte
Titano in the capital. They are depicted on both the Flag of San
Marino and its coat of arms. The three towers are: Guaita, the oldest
of the three (it was constructed in the 11th century); the
13th-century Cesta, located on the highest of Monte Titano's summits;
and the 14th-century Montale, on the smallest of Monte Titano's
summits, still privately owned.
The Università degli Studi della Repubblica di
San Marino (University
Republic of San Marino) is the main university, which
Scuola Superiore di Studi Storici di San Marino
Scuola Superiore di Studi Storici di San Marino (Advanced
School of Historical Studies), a distinguished research and advanced
international study centre governed by an international Scientific
Committee coordinated by professor Luciano Canfora. Other important
institutes are the Istituto Musicale
Institute) and the Akademio Internacia de la Sciencoj San Marino
or Accademia Internazionale delle Scienze
San Marino (International
Academy of Sciences San Marino). The latter is known for adopting
Esperanto as the language for teaching and for scientific
publications; further, it makes wide use of electronic educational
technology (also called e-learning).
Umberto Eco had attempted to create a "university
without physical structures" in San Marino.
Main article: Sport in San Marino
San Marino at the Olympics
San Marino at the Olympics and Football in San Marino
San Marino football is the most popular sport.
volleyball are also popular. The three sports have their own
San Marino Football Federation, the San Marino
Basketball Federation and the
Despite being the most popular sport, the
San Marino national football
team has had little success, being made up of part-timers, never
qualifying for a major tournament, and recording only one win in over
25 years of its history, a 1–0 victory in 2004 against
Liechtenstein. They have drawn four more, with their most notable
result being a 1993 0–0 draw with
Turkey during the European
qualifiers for the 1994 FIFA World Cup. Despite being among the
worst teams in the world, they used to hold the record for the fastest
goal scored in international football (since broken by Christian
Benteke), with David Gualtieri scoring 8.3 seconds after the start of
a match against the
England national football team
England national football team in 1993, which they
went on to lose 7–1, in the final round of the same World Cup
San Marino Grand Prix
San Marino Grand Prix held in Imola, Italy
Formula One race, the
San Marino Grand Prix, was named after the
state, although it did not take place there. Instead, it was held at
Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari
Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari in the Italian town of Imola, about
100 km (60 mi) northwest of San Marino. This international
event was removed from the calendar in 2007.
San Marino and Rimini's Coast motorcycle Grand Prix
San Marino and Rimini's Coast motorcycle Grand Prix was reinstated
in the schedule in 2007 and takes place at the Misano World Circuit,
as does San Marino's round of the World Superbike Championship.
San Marino has a professional baseball team which plays in Italy's top
division. It has participated in the European Cup tournament for the
continent's top club sides several times, hosting the event in 1996,
2000, 2004, and 2007. It won the championship in 2006 and was a
runner-up in 2010.
Together with Italy,
San Marino will host the 2019 UEFA European
Under-21 Championship, with teams playing at the Stadio Olimpico in
San Marino has had little success at the Olympic Games, winning no
A piadina, a dish characteristic of the Italian region of Romagna and
of its enclave of San Marino
The cuisine of
San Marino is extremely similar to Italian, especially
that of the adjoining
Marche regions, but it has a
number of its own unique dishes and products. Its best known is
Torta Tre Monti ("Cake of the Three Mountains" or "Cake
of the Three Towers"), a wafer layered cake covered in chocolate
depicting the Three Towers of San Marino. The country also has a small
The site San Marino: Historic Centre and
Mount Titano became part of
UNESCO World Heritage List in 2008. The decision was taken during
the 32nd Session of the
World Heritage Committee
World Heritage Committee composed of 21
Countries convened in Québec, Canada.
Music of San Marino
Music of San Marino and
San Marino in the Eurovision
The country has a long and rich musical tradition, closely linked to
that of Italy, but which is also highly independent in itself. In the
17th century, composers including the
Sammarinese Francesco Maria
Marini di Pesaro wrote some of the finest pieces of the era.
San Marino has taken part in the
Eurovision Song Contest
Eurovision Song Contest eight times,
achieving its first final in 2014 with the third participation of
Valentina Monetta and the song "Maybe".
Public holidays and festivals
New Year's Day
Festival marking the beginning of the new year
Commemorates the visit of the three wise men or magi to the infant
Feast of Saint Agatha
Commemoration of Saint Agatha, patroness of the Republic, as well as
liberation from foreign rule
Variable, the first Sunday after the full moon and the March equinox.
Resurrection of Jesus
Variable, the Monday after
Anniversary of the Arengo
Anniversary of the
Arengo and the Festa delle Milizie (Feast of the
Celebration of workers and employees
Variable, the first Thursday after Trinity Sunday
Commemoration of the body and blood of
Liberation from Fascism
Commemoration of the fall of the
Sammarinese Fascist Party
Commemoration of the Virgin Mary's assumption into heaven
The Feast of
San Marino and the Republic
National feast of San Marino, celebrating the origin of the Republic
All Saints' Day
Feast dedicated to all saints
Commemoration of all those who died at war
Remembrance of all those who gave their lives for
San Marino in war
Remembrance of the Virgin Mary's conception without original sin
Day before the commemoration of the birth of Jesus
Birth of Jesus
Saint Stephen's Day
Commemoration of the death of Saint Stephen, the first Christian
New Year's Eve
Celebration which closes and marks the end of the year
Associazione Guide Esploratori Cattolici Sammarinesi
Index of San Marino-related articles
Outline of San Marino
Telecommunications in San Marino
^ a b c d e f g h i "San Marino". The World Factbook. Central
^ a b c "San Marino". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2012. Retrieved 1
^ a b c d San Marino. Imf.org.
^ Filling Gaps in the
Human Development Index
Human Development Index Archived 5 October 2011
at the Wayback Machine.,
United Nations ESCAP, February 2009
^ "San Marino" (PDF).
UNECE Statistics Programme. UNECE. 2009.
Retrieved 13 March 2010.
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^ "Europe's Micro-States: (04) San Marino". Deutsche Welle. 24 July
2014. Retrieved 28 July 2014.
United States has "the longest surviving constitution."".
PolitiFact.com. Retrieved 26 September 2012.
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Releases". Un.org. Retrieved 3 August 2017.
^ Charles, comte de Bruc, The
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Europe depuis la Paix de Westphalie, Christophe-Guillaume Koch, ed.,
Paris, 1817, vol. V, p. 19.
^ "San Marino".
United States Diplomatic History. U. S. Department of
State. Retrieved 29 May 2011.
^ Irving Wallace, The Book of Lists 3
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^ "GALES SCATTER NAZI CHANNEL FLEETS; ITALIANS THRUST DEEPER INTO
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^ Diplomatic papers, 1944, p. 292
^ Diplomatic papers, 1944, p. 291
^ "Guerre Mondiali e Fascismo nella storia di San Marino".
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Retrieved 24 October 2009.
^ Manali Desai (27 November 2006). State Formation and Radical
Democracy in India. Taylor & Francis. p. 142.
ISBN 978-0-203-96774-4. Retrieved 31 August 2013.
^ Alan James Mayne (1 January 1999). From Politics Past to Politics
Future: An Integrated Analysis of Current and Emergent Paradigms.
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Retrieved 31 August 2013.
^ "Fishery and Aquaculture Country Profiles: Nauru". Food and
Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Retrieved 27 May
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San Marino – Lonely Planet". Lonely Planet.
Retrieved 18 November 2016.
San Marino weather averages". World Weather Online. Retrieved 15
^ "San Marino, primo capo di Stato disabile "Via tutte le barriere
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^ (in Italian) "Regolamento Disciplina Campagna Elettorale". Archived
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San Marino fa i conti con la recessione economica,
l'Italia guarda con fiducia al 2010" (in Italian).
San Marino RTV. 11
January 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2010.
^ "Tourists flows" (PDF). statistica.sm. Statistical Office of San
Marino. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 December 2015.
Retrieved 16 December 2015.
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Italian). Segreteria di stato per gli affari esteri e politici.
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^ World and Its Peoples. Marshall Cavendish. 2009. p. 856.
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^ "La". Publibook. Archived from the original on 9 October 2014.
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^ Licensed taxi companies are listed on the "Government tourism
website". Archived from the original on 1 May 2010. Retrieved 3
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Retrieved 24 October 2009.
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Wikimedia Commons has media related to San Marino.
Geographic data related to
San Marino at OpenStreetMap
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for San Marino.
Wikisource has the text of The New Student's Reference Work article
Chief of State and Cabinet Members
Secretary of State for External Relations and Politics
"San Marino". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency.
San Marino from UCB Libraries GovPubs
San Marino at Curlie (based on DMOZ)
San Marino profile from the BBC News
Wikimedia Atlas of San Marino
San Marino –
San Marino National Center Of Meteorology and Climatology of San
Marino, Local Forecast and Webcams
Musei di Stato della Repubblica di San Marino
History of San Marino: Primary Documents from EUdocs
San Marino from allcountries.eu
San Marino – Official
Tourism Site Contrada
(in Italian) General information of San Marino: Politics, Institutions
and very other
San Marino: excerpt from a 1769 Guidebook
San Marino articles
The Three Towers
Battle of San Marino
Captains Regent (list since 1900)
and the European Union
Judiciary of San Marino
Postage and postal history
aerial cable car
Coat of arms
Sovereign states and dependencies of Europe
Bosnia and Herzegovina
States with limited
autonomous country of the Kingdom of Denmark
Akrotiri and Dhekelia2
Sovereign Base Areas
British Overseas Territory
Isle of Man
Special areas of
autonomous region subject to the Åland Convention of 1921
unincorporated area subject to the
country of the
United Kingdom subject to the British-Irish Agreement
1 Oceanic islands within the vicinity of
Europe are usually grouped
with the continent even though they are not situated on its
2 Some countries completely outside the conventional geographical
Europe are commonly associated with the continent due to
Coordinates: 43°56′30″N 12°27′30″E / 43.94167°N
12.45833°E / 43.94167; 12.45833
BNF: cb11976101c (data)