SAN MARINO (/sæn məˈriːnoʊ/ ( listen ); Italian: ), officially
the REPUBLIC OF SAN MARINO (Italian : Repubblica di San Marino),
also known as the MOST SERENE REPUBLIC OF SAN MARINO (Italian:
Serenissima Repubblica di San Marino), is an enclaved microstate
Italy , situated on the
Italian Peninsula on the
northeastern side of the
Apennine Mountains . Its size is just over 61
km2 (24 sq mi), with a population of 33,562. Its capital is the City
San Marino and its largest city is Serravalle .
San Marino has the
smallest population of all the members of the Council of
The country takes its name from Marinus , a stonemason originating
from the Roman colony on the island of
Rab , in modern-day
In 257 CE Marinus participated in the reconstruction of
Rimini 's city
walls after their destruction by Liburnian pirates . Marinus then went
on to found an independent monastic community on
Monte Titano in 301
San Marino lays claim to be the oldest extant sovereign
state as well as the oldest constitutional republic .
San Marino is governed by the
Constitution of San Marino (Leges
Statutae Republicae Sancti Marini), a series of six books written in
Latin in the late 16th century, that dictate the country’s political
system, among other matters. The country is considered to have the
earliest written governing documents, or constitution, still in
The country's economy mainly relies on finance, industry, services
and tourism. It is one of the wealthiest countries in the world in
terms of GDP (per capita) , with a figure comparable to the most
developed European regions.
San Marino is considered to have a highly
stable economy, with one of the lowest unemployment rates in Europe,
no national debt and a budget surplus. It is the only country with
more vehicles than people . Under a diplomatic point of view,
following the leadership of
Italy it is one of the core members of the
Uniting for Consensus
Uniting for Consensus group .
* 1 History
* 2 Geography
* 3 Government
* 3.1 Administrative divisions
* 3.1.2 Curacies
* 3.2 Military
* 3.2.2 Guard of the Rock
* 3.2.3 Guard of the
Grand and General Council
* 3.2.4 Company of Uniformed Militia
* 3.2.5 Military Ensemble
* 3.2.6 Gendarmerie
* 4 Economy
* 4.1 Taxation
* 4.3 Conventions with
* 5 Population
* 5.1 Demographics
* 5.2 Religion
* 6 Transport
* 6.1 Public transport
* 6.2 Railway
* 7 Culture
* 7.1 University
* 7.2 Sport
* 7.3 Cuisine
* 7.4 UNESCO
* 7.5 Music
* 7.6 Public holidays and festivals
* 8 See also
* 9 References
* 10 External links
History of San Marino Illustration of Saint
Marinus , the founder of the
Republic of San Marino, and prominent
Saint Marinus left the island of Arba in present-day
Croatia with his
lifelong friend Leo, and went to the city of
Rimini as a stonemason.
Diocletianic Persecution following his Christian sermons, he
escaped to the nearby
Monte Titano , where he built a small church and
thus founded what is now the city and state of San Marino, which is
sometimes still called the "Titanic Republic". The official date of
the founding of what is now known as the
Republic is 3 September 301.
In 1631, its independence was recognized by the
The advance of
Napoleon 's army in 1797 presented a brief threat to
the independence of San Marino, but the country was saved from losing
its liberty thanks to one of its Regents, Antonio Onofri, who managed
to gain the respect and friendship of Napoleon. Thanks to his
intervention, Napoleon, in a letter delivered to
Gaspard Monge ,
scientist and commissary of the French Government for Science and Art,
promised to guarantee and protect the independence of the Republic,
even offering to extend its territory according to its needs. The
offer was declined by the Regents, fearing future retaliation from
other states' revanchism . The
San Marino constitution of 1600
During the later phase of the
Italian unification process in the 19th
San Marino served as a refuge for many people persecuted
because of their support for unification. In recognition of this
Giuseppe Garibaldi accepted the wish of
San Marino not to be
incorporated into the new Italian state.
The government of
San Marino made
United States President Abraham
Lincoln an honorary citizen. He wrote in reply, saying that the
republic proved that "government founded on republican principles is
capable of being so administered as to be secure and enduring."
World War I
World War I , when
Italy declared war on
Austria-Hungary on 23
San Marino remained neutral and
Italy adopted a hostile view
Sammarinese neutrality, suspecting that
San Marino could harbor
Austrian spies who could be given access to its new radiotelegraph
Italy tried to forcibly establish a detachment of Carabinieri
in the republic and then cut the republic's telephone lines when it
did not comply. Two groups of ten volunteers joined Italian forces in
the fighting on the Italian front , the first as combatants and the
second as a medical corps operating a Red Cross field hospital. The
existence of this hospital later caused
Austria-Hungary to suspend
diplomatic relations with San Marino.
From 1923 to 1943,
San Marino was under the rule of the Sammarinese
Fascist Party (PFS). British troops at
Monte Titano during the
battle of San Marino, September 1944.
World War II
World War II ,
San Marino remained neutral, although it was
wrongly reported in an article from
The New York Times
The New York Times that it had
declared war on the
United Kingdom on 17 September 1940. The
Sammarinese government later transmitted a message to the British
government stating that they had not declared war on the United
Three days after the fall of
Benito Mussolini in Italy, PFS rule
collapsed and the new government declared neutrality in the conflict.
The Fascists regained power on 1 April 1944 but kept neutrality
intact. Despite that, on 26 June 1944
San Marino was bombed by the
Royal Air Force
Royal Air Force , in the belief that
San Marino had been overrun by
German forces and was being used to amass stores and ammunition. The
Sammarinese government declared on the same day that no military
installations or equipment were located on its territory, and that no
belligerent forces had been allowed to enter.
San Marino accepted
thousands of civilian refugees when Allied forces went over the Gothic
Line . In September 1944, it was briefly occupied by German forces,
who were defeated by Allied forces in the
Battle of San Marino .
San Marino had the world's first democratically elected communist
government – a coalition between the
Sammarinese Communist Party and
Sammarinese Socialist Party , which held office between 1945 and
San Marino is the world's smallest republic , although when Nauru
gained independence in 1968 it challenged that claim, Nauru's land
mass being only 21 km2 (8.1 sq mi). However Nauru's jurisdiction over
its surrounding waters covers 431,000 km2 (166,000 sq mi), an area
thousands of times greater than the territory of San Marino.
San Marino became a member of the Council of
Europe in 1988 and of
United Nations in 1992. It is neither a member of the European
Union , nor of the
Eurozone although it uses the euro as its currency.
Geography of San Marino The fortress of
Mount Titano .
San Marino is an enclave in
Italy , on the border between the regioni
Emilia Romagna and
Marche and about 10 km (6.21 mi) from the
Adriatic coast at Rimini. Its hilly topography, with no flat ground,
is part of the Apennine mountain range. The highest point in the
country, the summit of
Monte Titano , is 749 m (2,457 ft ) above sea
level . There are no bodies of water of any significant size. San
Marino is the third smallest country in
Europe , with only Vatican
Monaco being smaller. It is also the fifth smallest country
in the world.
The climate is Mediterranean with continental influences, having warm
summers and cool winters that are typical of inland areas of the
central Italian peninsula.
CLIMATE DATA FOR SAN MARINO
AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F)
DAILY MEAN °C (°F)
AVERAGE LOW °C (°F)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES)
Source: World Weather Online
Politics of San Marino See also: Foreign relations of
San Marino ,
Constitution of San Marino , Capital punishment in San
San Marino passport ,
Law enforcement in San Marino , and
Elections in San Marino Palazzo Pubblico is the seat of the
government of San Marino. Four former Captains Regent: from
left to right,
Mirko Tomassoni , Alessandro Rossi , Alessandro Mancini
Alberto Selva .
San Marino has the political framework of a parliamentary
representative democratic republic : the
Captains Regent are both
heads of state and heads of government , and there is a pluriform
multi-party system .
Executive power is exercised by the government.
Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Grand and
General Council . The judiciary is independent of the executive and
San Marino was originally led by the
Arengo , initially formed from
the heads of each family. In the 13th century, power was given to the
Grand and General Council. In 1243, the first two
Captains Regent were
nominated by the Council. As of 2016 , this method of nomination is
still in use.
The legislature of the republic is the Grand and General Council
(Consiglio grande e generale). The Council is a unicameral legislature
with 60 members. There are elections every five years by proportional
representation in all nine administrative districts. These districts
(townships) correspond to the old parishes of the republic.
Citizens 18 years or older are eligible to vote. Beside general
Grand and General Council approves the budget and
elects the Captains Regent, the State Congress (composed of ten
Secretaries with executive power), the Council of Twelve (which forms
the judicial branch during the period of legislature of the Council),
the Advising Commissions, and the Government Unions. The council also
has the power to ratify treaties with other countries. The council is
divided into five different Advising Commissions consisting of fifteen
councillors who examine, propose, and discuss the implementation of
new laws that are on their way to being presented on the floor of the
Every six months, the council elects two
Captains Regent to be the
heads of state. The Regents are chosen from opposing parties so that
there is a balance of power. They serve a six-month term. The
investiture of the
Captains Regent takes place on 1 April and 1
October in every year. Once this term is over, citizens have three
days in which to file complaints about the Captains' activities. If
they warrant it, judicial proceedings against the ex-head(s) of state
can be initiated.
The practice of having two heads of state, like Roman consuls, chosen
in frequent elections, is derived directly from the customs of the
Republic . The Council is equivalent to the
Roman Senate ; the
Captains Regent, to the consuls of ancient
Rome . It is thought the
inhabitants of the area came together as Roman rule collapsed to from
a rudimentary government for their own protection from foreign rule.
San Marino is a multi-party democratic republic. A new election law
in 2008 raised the threshold for small parties entering Parliament,
causing political parties to organise themselves into two alliances:
Pact for San Marino , led by the San Marinese Christian
Democratic Party ; and the left-wing
Reforms and Freedom , led by the
Party of Socialists and Democrats , a merger of the Socialist Party of
San Marino and the former communist
Party of Democrats . The 2008
general election was won by the
Pact for San Marino with 35 seats in
Grand and General Council against Reforms and Freedom's 25.
On 1 October 2007,
Mirko Tomassoni was elected as one of the heads of
state, making him the first disabled person ever to have been elected
as captain regent .
San Marino has had more female heads of state than any other country:
15 as of October 2014, including three who served twice.
Administrative divisions of
San Marino is divided into the following nine municipalities , known
locally as castelli (meaning "castles"):
San Marino (City of San Marino, officially Città di San Marino)
is the capital.
There are also eight minor municipalities:
The largest settlement of the
Dogana , which is not an
autonomous castello, but rather belongs to the Castello of Serravalle
In a similar way to an Italian comune , each castello includes a main
settlement, called capoluogo, which is the seat of the castello, and
some even smaller localities known as frazioni .
The republic is made up of 43 parishes named curacies (It:
Cà Berlone , Cà Chiavello, Cà Giannino, Cà Melone, Cà Ragni, Cà
Cailungo , Caladino, Calligaria,
Canepa , Capanne,
Cerbaiola , Cinque Vie,
Falciano , Fiorina , Galavotto,
Gualdicciolo , La Serra,
Lesignano, Molarini, Montalbo,
Monte Pulito , Murata , Pianacci,
Poggio Casalino , Poggio
Chiesanuova , Ponte Mellini,
San Giovanni sotto le Penne ,
Santa Mustiola , Spaccio
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Military of San Marino
San Marino has one of the smallest military forces in the world.
National defence is, by arrangement, the responsibility of Italy\'s
armed forces . Different branches have varied functions, including:
performing ceremonial duties; patrolling borders; mounting guard at
government buildings; and assisting police in major criminal cases.
The police are not included in the Military of San Marino.
Once at the heart of San Marino's army, the
Crossbow Corps is now a
ceremonial force of approximately eighty volunteers. Since 1295, the
Crossbow Corps has provided demonstrations of crossbow shooting at
festivals. Its uniform is medieval in design. While still a statutory
military unit, the
Crossbow Corps has no military function today.
Guard Of The Rock
Guards of the Rock .
The Guard of the Rock is a front-line military unit in the San Marino
armed forces, a state border patrol, with responsibility for
patrolling borders and defending them. In their role as Fortress
Guards they are responsible for guarding the Palazzo Pubblico in San
Marino City , the seat of national Government.
In this role they are the forces most visible to tourists, and are
known for their colourful ceremony of
Changing the Guard . Under the
1987 statute the Guard of the Rock are all enrolled as 'Criminal
Police Officers' (in addition to their military role) and assist the
police in investigating major crime. The uniform of the Guard of the
Rock is a distinctive red and green.
Guard Of The Grand And General Council
The Guard of the
Grand and General Council commonly known as The
Guard of the Council or locally as the 'Guard of Nobles', formed in
1740, is a volunteer unit with ceremonial duties. Due to its striking
blue, white, and gold uniform, it is perhaps the best-known part of
Sammarinese military, and appears on countless postcard views of
the republic. The functions of the Guard of the Council are to protect
the Captains Regents , and to defend the Grand and General Council
during its formal sessions. They also act as ceremonial bodyguards to
government officials at both state and church festivals.
Company Of Uniformed Militia
In former times, all families with two or more adult male members
were required to enroll half of them in the Company of Uniformed
Militia. This unit remains the basic fighting force of the armed
forces of San Marino, but is largely ceremonial. It is a matter of
civic pride for many
Sammarinese to belong to the force, and all
citizens with at least six years residence in the republic are
entitled to enroll.
The uniform is dark blue, with a kepi bearing a blue and white plume.
The ceremonial form of the uniform includes a white cross-strap, and
white and blue sash, white epaulets, and white decorated cuffs.
Formally this is part of the Army Militia, and is the ceremonial
military band of San Marino. It consists of approximately fifty
musicians. The uniform is similar to that of the Army Militia.
Military Ensemble music accompanies most state occasions in the
Established in 1842, the Gendarmerie of
San Marino is a militarised
law enforcement agency. Its members are full-time and have
responsibility for the protection of citizens and property, and the
preservation of law and order.
The entire military corps of
San Marino depends upon the co-operation
of full-time forces and their retained (volunteer) colleagues, known
as the Corpi Militari Volontari, or Voluntary Military Force.
Economy of San Marino ,
Sammarinese euro coins , and
List of banks in San Marino Tourism, together with banking, is
the country's main source of revenue.
San Marino is not a
European Union member, it is allowed to
use the euro as its currency by arrangement with the Council of the
European Union ; it is also granted the right to use its own designs
on the national side of the euro coins . Before the euro, the
Sammarinese lira was pegged to, and exchangeable with, the Italian
lira . The small number of
Sammarinese euro coins , as was the case
with the lira before it, are primarily of interest to coin collectors
San Marino's per capita GDP of US$55,449 and standard of living are
comparable to that of
Denmark . Key industries include banking ,
electronics , and ceramics . The main agricultural products are wine
and cheese .
San Marino imports mainly staple goods from Italy.
San Marino's postage stamps , which are valid for mail posted in the
country, are mostly sold to philatelists and are an important source
San Marino is a member of the Small European Postal
Administration Cooperation .
The corporate profits tax rate in
San Marino is 19 percent. Capital
gains are subject to a five percent tax; interest is subject to a 13
percent withholding tax .
In 1972, a value-added tax (VAT) system was introduced in Italy, and
was applied in San Marino, in accordance with the 1939 friendship
treaty. In addition, a tax on imported goods, to be levied by San
Marino, was established. Such taxes, however, were not, and are not,
applied to national products. Until 1996, goods manufactured and sold
San Marino were not subject to indirect taxation.
European Union customs agreement ,
San Marino continues to
levy taxes, the equivalent of an import duty, on imported goods. Also,
a general VAT was introduced, in replacement of the Italian VAT.
Tourism in San Marino
The tourist sector contributes over 2.2% of San Marino's GDP , with
approximately 2 million tourists having visited in 2014.
CONVENTIONS WITH ITALY
San Marino and
Italy have engaged in conventions since 1862,
dictating some economic activities in San Marino's territory.
Cultivation of tobacco and production of goods, which are subject to
Italy's government monopoly , are forbidden in San Marino. Direct
import is forbidden: all goods coming from a third party have to
Italy before reaching the country. Although it is
allowed to print its own postal stamps,
San Marino is not allowed to
coin its own currency and is obliged to use Italy\'s mint . Gambling
is legal and regulated; however, casinos were outlawed prior to 2007.
There is currently one legally operating casino.
In exchange for these limitations,
San Marino with an
annual stipend, and at cost, sea salt (not more than 250 tons per
year), tobacco (40 tons), cigarettes (20 tons) and matches (unlimited
At the border there are no formalities with Italy. However, at the
tourist office visitors can purchase officially cancelled souvenir
stamps for their passports .
Demographics of San Marino
San Marino has a population of approximately 33,000, with 4,800
foreign residents, most of whom are Italian citizens. Another 12,000
Sammarinese live abroad (5,700 in Italy, 3,000 in the USA, 1,900 in
France and 1,600 in
The first census since 1976 was held in 2010. Results were expected
by the end of 2011. However, 13% of families did not return their
The primary language spoken is Italian ; Romagnol is also widely
San Marino enjoy one of the highest life expectancies in
Religion in San Marino
San Marino Cathedral
San Marino is a predominantly Catholic state — over 97% of the
population profess the Roman Catholic faith, but it is not the
established religion . Approximately half of those who profess to be
Catholic practice the faith. There is no episcopal see in San Marino,
although its name is part of the present diocesan title. Historically,
the various parishes in
San Marino were divided between two Italian
dioceses , mostly in the
Montefeltro , and partly in the
Rimini . In 1977, the border between
Montefeltro and Rimini
was readjusted so that all of
San Marino fell within the diocese of
Montefeltro. The bishop of Montefeltro-
San Marino resides in
Pennabilli , in Italy's province of
Pesaro e Urbino .
However, there is a provision under the income tax rules that the
taxpayers have the right to request for allocation of 0.3% of their
income tax to the Catholic Church or to "other" charities. The
churches include the two religious groups of the
Waldensian Church and
Jehovah\'s Witnesses .
The Roman Catholic
Diocese of San Marino-
Montefeltro was until 1977
the historic diocese of Montefeltro. It is a suffragan of the
archdiocese of Ravenna-Cervia . The current diocese includes all the
parishes of San Marino. The earliest mention of
Montefeltro , as Mona
Feretri, is in the diplomas by which
Charlemagne confirmed the
donation of Pepin . The first known bishop of
Montefeltro was Agatho
(826), whose residence was at
San Leo . Under Bishop Flaminios Dondi
(1724) the see was again transferred to San Leo, but later it returned
to Pennabilli. The historic diocese was a suffragan of the archdiocese
of Urbino . Since 1988, there is formally a apostolic nunciature to
the republic, but it's vested in the nuncio to Italy.
There has been a Jewish presence in
San Marino for at least 600
years. The first mention of Jews in
San Marino dates to the late 14th
century, in official documents recording the business transactions of
Jews. There are many documents throughout the 15th to 17th centuries
describing Jewish dealings and verifying the presence of a Jewish
community in San Marino. Jews were permitted official protection by
World War II
World War II ,
San Marino provided a haven for more than
Italians and Jews (approximately ten times the Sammarinese
population at the time) from Nazi persecution. Today, only a few Jews
San Marino (2011)
Transport in San Marino
There are 220 km (140 mi) of roads in the country, the main road
San Marino Highway . Authorities license private vehicles
Sammarinese license plates , which are white with
blue figures and the coat of arms, usually a letter followed by up to
four numbers. Many vehicles also carry the international vehicle
identification code (in black on a white oval sticker), which is
There are no public airports in San Marino, but there is a small
private airstrip located in
Torraccia and an international heliport
Borgo Maggiore . Most tourists who arrive by air land at
Federico Fellini International Airport close to the city of
then make the transfer by bus.
Two rivers flow through San Marino, but there is no major water
transport, and no port or harbour.
San Marino has limited public transport facilities. There is a
regular bus service between
Rimini and the city of
San Marino that is
popular with both tourists and workers commuting to
San Marino from
Italy. This service stops at approximately twenty locations in Rimini
and within San Marino, with its two terminus stops at
San Marino coach station.
A limited licensed taxi service operates nationwide. There are seven
licensed taxi companies operating in the republic, and Italian taxis
regularly operate within
San Marino when carrying passengers picked up
in Italian territory. Aerial tramway to
There is a 1.5 km (0.93 mi) aerial tramway connecting the City of San
Marino on top of
Monte Titano with
Borgo Maggiore , a major town in
the republic, with the second largest population of any Sammarinese
settlement. From here a further connection is available to the
nation's largest settlement,
Dogana , via the local bus service.
Two aerial tramway cars (gondolas) operate, with service provided at
roughly fifteen-minute intervals throughout the day. A third vehicle
is available on the system, a service car for the use of engineers
maintaining the tramway.
Today, there is no railway in San Marino, but for a short period
World War II
World War II , it had a single narrow-gauge line, connecting
the country with the Italian rail network at Rimini. Because of the
difficulties in accessing the capital, City of San Marino, with its
mountain-top location, the terminus station was planned to be located
in the village of
Valdragone , but was extended to reach the capital
through a steep and winding track comprising many tunnels. The railway
was opened on 12 June 1932. An advanced system for its time, it was
an electric railway, powered from overhead cables. It was well built
and had a high frequency of passengers, but was almost completely
destroyed during World War II. Many facilities such as bridges,
tunnels, and stations remain visible today, and some have been
converted to parks, public footpaths, or traffic routes.
Part of a series on the
CULTURE OF SAN MARINO
Music and performing arts
* World Heritage Sites
* Coat of arms
A painting in the Museo di Stato di
San Marino by Pompeo Batoni
Three Towers of San Marino are located on the three peaks of
Monte Titano in the capital. They are depicted on both the Flag of San
Marino and its coat of arms . The three towers are:
Guaita , the
oldest of the three (it was constructed in the 11th century); the
Cesta , located on the highest of Monte Titano's
summits; and the fourteenth-century Montale , on the smallest of Monte
Titano's summits, still privately owned.
The Università degli Studi della Repubblica di San Marino
(University of the
San Marino ) is the main university,
which includes the Scuola Superiore di Studi Storici di San Marino
(Advanced School of Historical Studies), a distinguished research and
advanced international study center governed by an international
Scientific Committee coordinated by professor Luciano Canfora. Other
important institutes are the Istituto Musicale Sammarinese
Sammarinese Musical Institute) and the Akademio Internacia de la
San Marino or Accademia Internazionale delle Scienze San
Marino (International Academy of Sciences San Marino). The latter is
known for adopting Esperanto as the language for teaching and for
scientific publications; further, it makes wide use of electronic
educational technology (also called e-learning).
Umberto Eco had attempted to create a "university
without physical structures" in San Marino.
Sport in San Marino See also:
San Marino at the
Football in San Marino
San Marino football is the most popular sport.
volleyball are also popular. The three sports have their own
San Marino Football Federation , the San Marino
Basketball Federation and the
Volleyball Federation .
Despite being the most popular sport, the
San Marino national
football team has had little success, being made up of part-timers,
never qualifying for a major tournament, and recording only one win in
its 10-year history, a 1–0 victory in 2004 against
They have drawn 4 more, with their most notable result being a 1993
0–0 draw with the
Turkish national football team . Despite being
one of the worst international teams in the world, they used to hold
the record for the fastest goal scored in international football
(Since broken by
Christian Benteke who scored in 8.1 seconds), with
David Gualtieri scoring 8.3 seconds after the start of a match against
English national football team in 1993, which they went on to lose
San Marino Grand Prix held in
Imola , Italy.
Formula One race, the
San Marino Grand Prix , was named after the
state, although it did not take place there. Instead, it was held at
Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari in the Italian town of
Imola , about
100 km (62 mi) northwest of San Marino. This international event was
removed from the calendar in 2007 .
San Marino and Rimini\'s Coast motorcycle Grand Prix was
reinstated in the schedule in 2007 and takes place at the Misano World
Circuit , as does San Marino's round of the World Superbike
San Marino has a professional baseball team, T "> A piadina , a
dish characteristic of the Italian region of Romagna and of its
The cuisine of
San Marino is extremely similar to Italian ,
especially that of the adjoining
but it has a number of its own unique dishes and products. Its best
known is probably the
Torta Tre Monti ("Cake of the Three Mountains"
or "Cake of the Three Towers"), a wafer layered cake covered in
chocolate depicting the
Three Towers of San Marino . The country also
has a small wine industry.
The site San Marino: Historic Centre and
Mount Titano became part of
the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2008. The decision was taken during
the 32nd Session of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee composed of 21
Countries convened in Québec, Canada.
Music of San Marino and
San Marino in the Eurovision
The country has a long and rich musical tradition, closely linked to
that of Italy, but which is also highly independent in itself. In the
17th century, composers including the
Sammarinese Francesco Maria
Marini di Pesaro wrote some of the finest pieces of the era.
San Marino has taken part in the
Eurovision Song Contest
Eurovision Song Contest eight times,
achieving its first final in 2014 with the third participation of
Valentina Monetta and the song "Maybe ".
PUBLIC HOLIDAYS AND FESTIVALS
New Year\'s Day
Festival marking the beginning of the new year
Commemorates the visit of the three wise men or magi to the infant
Commemoration of Saint Agatha, patroness of the Republic, as well
as liberation from foreign rule
Variable, the first Sunday after the full moon and the March
Variable, the Monday after
Anniversary of the
Anniversary of the
Arengo and the Festa delle Milizie (Feast of the
Celebration of workers and employees
Variable, the first Thursday after
Commemoration of the body and blood of
Liberation from Fascism
Commemoration of the fall of the
Sammarinese Fascist Party
Commemoration of the Virgin Mary's assumption into heaven
The Feast of
San Marino and the Republic
National feast of San Marino, celebrating the origin of the
Republic in 301
All Saints\' Day
Feast dedicated to all saints
Commemoration of all those who died at war
Remembrance of all those who gave their lives for
San Marino in war
Remembrance of the Virgin Mary's conception without original sin
Day before the commemoration of the birth of
Saint Stephen\'s Day
Commemoration of the death of
Saint Stephen , the first Christian
New Year\'s Eve
Celebration which closes and marks the end of the year
Associazione Guide Esploratori Cattolici Sammarinesi
Index of San Marino-related articles
Lupin the Third Part 4
Outline of San Marino
Telecommunications in San Marino
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Irving Wallace , The Book of Lists 3
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* ^ Diplomatic papers, 1944 , p. 292
* ^ Diplomatic papers, 1944 , p. 291
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* ^ (in Italian) Regolamento Disciplina Campagna Elettorale at the
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* ^ "Turismo:
San Marino fa i conti con la recessione economica,
l\'Italia guarda con fiducia al 2010" (in Italian).
San Marino RTV. 11
January 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2010.
* ^ "Tourists flows" (PDF). statistica.sm. Statistical Office of
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* ^ World and Its Peoples. Marshall Cavendish. 2009. p. 856. ISBN
* ^ "