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San Fratello
San Fratello
(Gallo-Italic: San Frareau, Sicilian: Santu Frateddu, Greek and Latin: Apollonia,[2] Medieval Latin
Latin
Castrum S. Philadelphi), formerly San Filadelfio, is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Messina
Metropolitan City of Messina
in the Italian region Sicily, located about 110 kilometres (68 mi) east of Palermo
Palermo
and about 90 kilometres (56 mi) west of Messina. San Fratello
San Fratello
borders the following municipalities: Acquedolci, Alcara li Fusi, Caronia, Cesarò, Militello Rosmarino, Sant'Agata di Militello. Its peak of population was in 1921, with 10,094. In the following decade, it lost nearly 20 percent of its population, as people migrated for work to cities and to other countries, especially the United States.

Contents

1 History 2 People 3 See also 4 References

History[edit] The name of San Fratello
San Fratello
derives from three pious brothers: Alfio, Cirino and Filadelfio. In their honour a festival is held annually on 10 May. The village was founded in the 11th century by Adelaide del Vasto, the wife of Roger I, a noble of present-day French Normandy
Normandy
who conquered Sicily. She came to Sicily
Sicily
together with colonists.[3] They introduced their Gallo-Italic dialect, which is still spoken in the village. San Fratello
San Fratello
is one of the so-called Oppida Lombardorum of Sicily, settlements established by the Lombards. In addition to their language, they brought Latin
Latin
Christianity, which gradually replaced the Greek Byzantine
Byzantine
Christianity and Islam. The territory of the comune is part of the Nebrodi
Nebrodi
mountains. It has had two major landslides of record. The first was in 1754, and a second large one occurred in 1922. On 1–2 October 2009, the province of Messina
Messina
suffered devastating, widespread mudslides after a sudden heavy rainstorm; scores of residents died. In February 2010, after a period of large amounts of rain in the Messina
Messina
region, as a safety precaution, officials evacuated one-third of the population by 14 February. An extensive landslide soon after caused damage to homes in San Fratello
San Fratello
and the region. People[edit]

Benedict the Moor, was born to African slave parents and freed at birth by their master. The boy grew up here, where he joined a Franciscan hermitage. He later joined a friary in Palermo. He became known for his exemplary life and was canonized as an Italian saint in 1807. He has been internationally venerated in the Catholic and Lutheran churches. He was the first black saint canonized with a regular canonical process. Al Pacino, American actor, is a descendant through his paternal line of immigrants from San Fratello. Grandfather of Bettino Craxi
Bettino Craxi
Italian politician, was born here.

See also[edit]

Lombards of Sicily Gallo-Italic of Sicily Norman conquest of Sicily

References[edit]

^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat. ^ Richard Talbert, Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World, (ISBN 0-691-03169-X), Map 47, notes. ^ Lombard colonists came from the Piedmont
Piedmont
and Liguria
Liguria
regions in northern Italy, and from Provence
Provence
in France. They became known as the Lombards, associated with the Norman conquest of Sicily.

v t e

Comuni of the Metropolitan City of Messina

Acquedolci Alcara li Fusi Alì Alì
Alì
Terme Antillo Barcellona Pozzo di Gotto Basicò Brolo Capizzi Capo d'Orlando Capri Leone Caronia Casalvecchio Siculo Castel di Lucio Castell'Umberto Castelmola Castroreale Cesarò Condrò Falcone Ficarra Fiumedinisi Floresta Fondachelli-Fantina Forza d'Agrò Francavilla di Sicilia Frazzanò Furci Siculo Furnari Gaggi Galati Mamertino Gallodoro Giardini Naxos Gioiosa Marea Graniti Gualtieri Sicaminò Itala Leni Letojanni Librizzi Limina Lipari Longi Malfa Malvagna Mandanici Mazzarrà Sant'Andrea Merì Messina Milazzo Militello Rosmarino Mirto Mistretta Mojo Alcantara Monforte San Giorgio Mongiuffi Melia Montagnareale Montalbano Elicona Motta Camastra Motta d'Affermo Naso Nizza di Sicilia Novara di Sicilia Oliveri Pace del Mela Pagliara Patti Pettineo Piraino Raccuja Reitano Roccafiorita Roccalumera Roccavaldina Roccella Valdemone Rodì Milici Rometta San Filippo del Mela San Fratello San Marco d'Alunzio San Pier Niceto San Piero Patti San Salvatore di Fitalia Santa Domenica Vittoria Sant'Agata di Militello Sant'Alessio Siculo Santa Lucia del Mela Santa Marina Salina Sant'Angelo di Brolo Santa Teresa di Riva San Teodoro Santo Stefano di Camastra Saponara Savoca Scaletta Zanclea Sinagra Spadafora Taormina Terme Vigliatore Torregrotta Torrenova Tortorici Tripi Tusa Ucria Valdina Venetico Villafr

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