HOME
The Info List - San Jose, California


--- Advertisement ---



San Jose[A] (/ˌsæn hoʊˈzeɪ, -ˈseɪ/; Spanish for 'Saint Joseph'; Spanish: [saŋ xoˈse]),[14] officially the City of San José,[B] is an economic, cultural, and political center of Silicon Valley
Silicon Valley
and the largest city in Northern California. With an estimated 2016 population of 1,015,785, it is the third most populous city in California
California
(after Los Angeles
Los Angeles
and San Diego) and the tenth most populous in United States.[15] Located in the center of the Santa Clara Valley, on the southern shore of San Francisco
San Francisco
Bay, San Jose covers an area of 179.97 square miles (466.1 km2). San Jose is the county seat of Santa Clara County, the most affluent county in California
California
and one of the most affluent counties in the United States.[16][17][18][19] San Jose is the largest city in both the San Francisco Bay Area and the San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland Combined Statistical Area, which contain 7.7 million and 8.7 million people respectively.[20][21][22] Before the arrival of the Spanish, the area around San Jose was inhabited by the Ohlone
Ohlone
people. San Jose was founded on 29 November 1777, as the Pueblo
Pueblo
de San José de Guadalupe, the first city founded in the Californias.[23] Following the American Conquest of California and its subsequent statehood in 1850, San Jose became the state's first capital.[24] Following World War II, San Jose experienced an economic boom, with a rapid population growth and aggressive annexation of nearby cities and communities carried out in the 1950s and 1960s. The rapid growth of the high-technology and electronics industries further accelerated the transition from an agricultural center to an urbanized metropolitan area. Results of the 1990 U.S. Census
Census
indicated that San Jose had officially surpassed San Francisco as the most populous city in Northern California.[25] By the 1990s, San Jose and the rest of Silicon Valley
Silicon Valley
had become the global center for the high tech and internet industries, making it California's fastest-growing economy.[26] San Jose is a global city,[27] notable as a center of innovation, for its affluence,[28][29][30] and high cost of living.[31] San Jose's location within the booming high tech industry, as a cultural, political, and economic center has earned the city the nickname "Capital of Silicon Valley". San Jose is one of the wealthiest major cities in the United States
United States
and the world, and has the third highest GDP per capita in the world (after Zurich, Switzerland
Zurich, Switzerland
and Oslo, Norway), according to the Brookings Institution.[32] With a median home price of $1,085,000,[33] San Jose has the most expensive housing market in the country and the fifth most expensive housing market in the world, according to the 2017 Demographia International Housing Affordability Survey.[34][35][36][37] Major global tech companies including Cisco
Cisco
Systems, eBay, Hewlett Packard Enterprise, Cadence Design Systems, Adobe Systems, PayPal, Brocade, Samsung, Acer, and Western Digital
Western Digital
maintain their headquarters in San Jose, in the center of Silicon Valley.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Pre-Columbian period 1.2 Spanish period 1.3 Mexican period 1.4 American period

2 Geography

2.1 Cityscape

2.1.1 Expansion

2.2 Topography 2.3 Climate 2.4 Parks

2.4.1 Trails 2.4.2 Wildlife

3 Demographics

3.1 2010 3.2 2000

4 Economy

4.1 Silicon Valley 4.2 Media 4.3 Top employers

5 Culture

5.1 Architecture 5.2 Visual arts 5.3 Performing arts 5.4 Sports 5.5 Landmarks

5.5.1 Museums and institutions

6 Law and government

6.1 Local 6.2 State and federal 6.3 Crime

7 Education

7.1 Higher education 7.2 Primary & secondary education 7.3 Libraries

8 Transportation

8.1 Public transit 8.2 Air 8.3 Highways

9 Notable people 10 Sister Cities 11 See also 12 Notes 13 References 14 Further reading 15 External links

History[edit] Main articles: History of San Jose, California
California
and Timeline of San Jose, California

Historical affiliations

Spanish Empire
Spanish Empire
1771–1821 First Mexican Empire
First Mexican Empire
1821–1823 United Mexican States
United Mexican States
1823–1848 California
California
Republic 1846   United States
United States
1848–present

Pre-Columbian period[edit] The Santa Clara Valley
Santa Clara Valley
was home to the Tamyen group of the Ohlone people since around 4,000 BCE.[38][39][40] The Tamyen spoke Tamyen language of the Ohlone
Ohlone
language family. With the Spanish colonization of California, the majority of the Tamyen came to inhabit Mission Santa Clara de Asís and Mission San José.[41] Spanish period[edit] See also: Las Californias

A 1781 map of the Pueble de San José de Guadalupe.

The Peralta Adobe, built in 1797, is San Jose oldest standing building.

San Jose celebrates the anniversary of its foundation every year at the Peralta Adobe.

California
California
was claimed as part of the Spanish Empire
Spanish Empire
in 1542, when explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo
Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo
charted the Californian coast. During this time, California
California
and Baja California
California
were administered together as Province of the California
California
(Spanish: Provincia de las California). For nearly 200 years, the Californias were sparsely populated and largely ignored by the government of the Viceroyalty of New Spain in Mexico
Mexico
City. Only in 1769 was Northern California
California
finally surveyed by Spanish authorities, with the Portolá Expedition.[42] In 1776, the Californias were included as part of the Captaincy General of the Provincias Internas, a large administrative division created by José de Gálvez, Spanish Minister of the Indies, in order to provide greater autonomy for the Spanish Empire's lightly populated and largely ungoverned borderlands. That year, King Carlos III of Spain approved an expedition by Juan Bautista de Anza
Juan Bautista de Anza
to survey the San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay
Area, in order to choose the sites for two future settlements and their accompanying mission. First he chose the site for a military settlement in San Francisco, for the Royal Presidio of San Francisco, and Mission San Francisco
San Francisco
de Asís. On his way back to Mexico
Mexico
from San Francisco, de Anza chose the sites in Santa Clara Valley for a civilian settlement, San Jose, on the eastern bank of the Guadalupe River, and a mission on its western bank, Mission Santa Clara de Asís.[43] San Jose was officially founded as California's first civilian settlement on 29 November 1777, as the Pueblo
Pueblo
de San José de Guadalupe by José Joaquín Moraga, under orders of Antonio María de Bucareli y Ursúa, Viceroy of New Spain.[44] San Jose served as a strategic settlement along El Camino Real, connecting the military fortifications at the Monterey Presidio and the San Francisco Presidio, as well as the California
California
mission network.[45] In 1791, due to the severe flooding which characterized the pueblo, San Jose's settlement was moved approximately a mile south, centered on the Pueblo
Pueblo
Plaza
Plaza
(modern-day Plaza
Plaza
de César Chávez).[46] In 1800, due to the growing population in the northern part of the Californias, Diego de Borica, Governor of the Californias, officially split the province into two parts: Alta California
California
(Upper California), which would eventually become a U.S. state, and Baja California
California
(Lower California), which would eventually become two Mexican states. Mexican period[edit] See also: Alta California, Alta California
California
Territory, and Category:Mexican California San Jose became part of the First Mexican Empire
First Mexican Empire
in 1821, after Mexico's War of Independence was won against the Spanish Crown, and in 1824, part of the First Mexican Republic. With its newfound independence, and the triumph of the republican movement, Mexico
Mexico
set out to diminish the Catholic Church's power within Alta California
California
by secularizing the California
California
missions in 1833.[citation needed] In 1824, In order to promote settlement and economic activity within sparsely populated California, the Mexican government began an initiative, for Mexican and foreign citizens alike, to settle unoccupied lands in California. Between 1833 and 1845, thirty-eight rancho land grants were issued in the Santa Clara Valley, 15 of which were located within modern day San Jose's borders. Numerous prominent historical figures were among those granted rancho lands in the Santa Valley, including James A. Forbes, founder of Los Gatos, California (granted Rancho Potrero de Santa Clara), Antonio Suñol, Alcalde of San Jose (granted Rancho Los Coches), and José María Alviso, Alcalde of San Jose (granted Rancho Milpitas).[citation needed] In 1835, San Jose's population of approximately 700 people included 40 foreigners, primarily Americans
Americans
and Englishmen. By 1845, the population of the pueblo had increased to 900, primarily due to American immigration. Foreign settlement in San Jose and California was rapidly changing Californian society, bringing expanding economic opportunities and foreign culture.[47] By 1846, native Californios had long expressed their concern for the overrunning of California
California
society by its growing and wealthy Anglo-American community.[48] On 11 July 1846, with the onset of the Mexican–American War, Captain Thomas Fallon
Thomas Fallon
conquered San Jose in the name of the Bear Flag Revolt
Bear Flag Revolt
for the California
California
Republic, officially ending Mexican rule in Alta California.[citation needed] American period[edit] See also: California
California
Republic and Conquest of California

San Jose, in 1875, when the Santa Clara Valley
Santa Clara Valley
was one of the most productive agricultural areas in the world

Notre Dame High School's original campus in 1876. It was the first school accredited in California
California
to give degrees to women.

By the end of 1847, the Conquest of California
California
by the United States was complete, as the Mexican–American War
Mexican–American War
came to an end.[39] In 1848, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
formally ceded California
California
to the United States, as part of the Mexican Cession. On 15 December 1849, San Jose became the capital of the unorganized territory of California. With California's Admission to the Union
Admission to the Union
on 9 September 1850, San Jose became the state's first capital.[49] On March 27, 1850, San Jose was incorporated. It was incorporated on the same day as San Diego
San Diego
and Benicia; together, these three cities followed Sacramento
Sacramento
as California's earliest incorporated cities.[50] Josiah Belden, who had settled in California
California
in 1842 after traversing the California
California
Trail as part of the Bartleson Party and later acquired a fortune, was the city's first mayor.[51] San Jose was briefly California's first state capital; legislators met in the city from 1849 to 1851. (Monterey was the capital during the period of Spanish California
California
and Mexican California).[52] The first capitol no longer exists; the Plaza
Plaza
de César Chávez now lies on the site, which has two historical markers indicating where California's state legislature first met.[53] In the period 1900 through 1910, San Jose served as a center for pioneering invention, innovation, and impact in both lighter-than-air and heavier-than-air flight. These activities were led principally by John Montgomery and his peers. The City of San Jose has established Montgomery Park, a Monument at San Felipe and Yerba Buena Roads, and John J. Montgomery Elementary School in his honor. During this period, San Jose also became a center of innovation for the mechanization/industrialization of agricultural and food processing equipment.[54] Though not affected as severely as San Francisco, San Jose also suffered significant damage from the 1906 San Francisco
San Francisco
earthquake. Over 100 people died at the Agnews Asylum
Agnews Asylum
(later Agnews State Hospital) after its walls and roof collapsed,[55] and San Jose High School's three-story stone-and-brick building was also destroyed. The period during World War II
World War II
was a tumultuous time. Japanese Americans primarily from Japantown were sent to internment camps, including the future mayor Norman Mineta. Following the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
zoot suit riots, anti-Mexican violence took place during the summer of 1943. In 1940, the Census
Census
Bureau reported San Jose's population as 98% white.[56]

The Bank of Italy Building, built in 1926, is the oldest skyscraper in Downtown San Jose.

As World War II
World War II
started, the city's economy shifted from agriculture (the Del Monte cannery was the largest employer and closed in 1999[57]) to industrial manufacturing with the contracting of the Food Machinery Corporation (later known as FMC Corporation) by the United States War Department to build 1,000 Landing Vehicle Tracked.[58] After World War II, FMC (later United Defense, and currently BAE Systems) continued as a defense contractor, with the San Jose facilities designing and manufacturing military platforms such as the M113 Armored Personnel Carrier, the Bradley Fighting Vehicle, and various subsystems of the M1 Abrams
M1 Abrams
battle tank.[59] IBM
IBM
established its West Coast headquarters in San Jose in 1943 and opened a downtown research and development facility in 1952. Both would prove to be harbingers for the economy of San Jose, as Reynold Johnson and his team would later invent RAMAC, as well as the hard disk drive, and the technological side of San Jose's economy grew.[60] The Ford Motor Company
Ford Motor Company
relocated its factory in Richmond to a new location in the suburb of Milpitas, called the San Jose Assembly Plant, which was one of the primary locations for manufacturing the Ford Mustang.[citation needed] During the 1950s and 1960s, City Manager
City Manager
A. P. "Dutch" Hamann led the city in a major growth campaign. The city annexed adjacent areas, such as Alviso and Cambrian Park, providing large areas for suburbs. An anti-growth reaction to the effects of rapid development emerged in the 1970s, championed by mayors Norman Mineta
Norman Mineta
and Janet Gray Hayes. Despite establishing an urban growth boundary, development fees, and the incorporations of Campbell and Cupertino, development was not slowed, but rather directed into already-incorporated areas.[58]

The 1928 San Jose annual Fiesta de las Rosas parade in Downtown

On April 3, 1979, the San Jose City Council
San Jose City Council
adopted San José, with the diacritical mark on the "e", as the spelling of the city name on the city seal, official stationery, office titles and department names.[61] Also, by city council convention, this spelling of San José is used when the name is stated in mixed upper- and lower-case letters, but not when the name is stated only in upper-case letters. The accent reflects the Spanish version of the name, and the dropping of accents in all-capital writing was typical in Spanish. While San José is commonly spelled both with and without the acute accent over the "e," the city's official guidelines indicate that it should be spelled with the accent most of the time and sets forth narrow exceptions, such as when the spelling is in URLs, when the name appears in all-capital letters, when the name is used on social media sites where the diacritical mark does not render properly, and where San Jose is part of the proper name of another organization or business, such as San Jose Silicon Valley
Silicon Valley
Chamber of Commerce, that has chosen not to use the accent-marked name.[62][63] The city's name without the accent can still be found in its 1965 Charter document, as amended, which formally chartered the municipality as City of San Jose.[64] Similarly, the city's website appears to use a mixture of both; for example, the "City of San José" in the text uses the mark but the "City of San Jose" logo image does not.[65] San Jose's position in Silicon Valley
Silicon Valley
triggered further economic and population growth. Results from the 1990 U.S. Census
Census
indicated that San Jose surpassed San Francisco
San Francisco
as the most populous city in the Bay Area for the first time.[25] This growth led to the highest housing-cost increase in the nation, 936% between 1976 and 2001.[66] Efforts to increase density continued into the 1990s when an update of the 1974 urban plan kept the urban growth boundaries intact and voters rejected a ballot measure to ease development restrictions in the foothills. Sixty percent of the housing built in San Jose since 1980 and over three-quarters of the housing built since 2000 have been multifamily structures, reflecting a political propensity toward Smart Growth planning principles.[67] Geography[edit]

San Jose downtown skyline

San Jose is located at 37°20′07″N 121°53′31″W / 37.335278°N 121.891944°W / 37.335278; -121.891944. According to the United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau, the city has a total area of 180.0 sq mi (466 km2), of which 3.4 sq mi (8.8 km2) (1.91%) is water.[citation needed] San Jose lies between the San Andreas Fault, the source of the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, and the Calaveras Fault. San Jose is shaken by moderate earthquakes on average one or two times a year. These quakes originate just east of the city on the creeping section of the Calaveras Fault, which is a major source of earthquake activity in Northern California. On April 14, 1984, at 1:15 pm local time, a 6.2 magnitude earthquake struck the Calaveras Fault
Calaveras Fault
near San Jose's Mount Hamilton.[68] The most serious earthquake, in 1906, damaged many buildings in San Jose as described earlier. Earlier significant quakes rocked the city in 1839, 1851, 1858, 1864, 1865, 1868, and 1891. The Daly City Earthquake of 1957 caused some damage. The Loma Prieta earthquake of 1989 also did some damage to parts of the city. The other faults near San Jose are the Monte Vista Fault
Monte Vista Fault
and the Hayward Fault Zone.[citation needed] Cityscape[edit]

Overhead panorama of downtown San Jose

The city is generally divided into the following areas: Downtown San Jose, Central, West San Jose, North San Jose, East San Jose, and South San Jose. Many of these regions were originally unincorporated communities or separate municipalities that were later annexed by the city.

Looking west over northern San Jose (downtown is at far left) and other parts of Silicon Valley. See an up-to-the-minute view of San Jose from the Mount Hamilton web camera.

Besides those mentioned above, some well-known communities within San Jose include Japantown, Rose Garden, Midtown San Jose, Willow Glen, Naglee Park, Burbank, Winchester, Alviso, East Foothills, Alum Rock, Little Portugal, Blossom Valley, Cambrian, Almaden Valley, Silver Creek Valley, Evergreen Valley, Edenvale, Santa Teresa, Seven Trees, Coyote Valley, and Berryessa.

Places adjacent to San Jose, California

Santa Clara Milpitas

Cupertino

San Jose

Mount Hamiliton

Campbell, Saratoga, Los Gatos Morgan Hill

Expansion[edit] San Jose's expansion was made by the design of "Dutch" Hamann, the City Manager
City Manager
from 1950 to 1969. During his administration, with his staff referred to as "Dutch's Panzer Division," the city annexed property 1,389 times,[69] growing the city from 17 to 149 square miles (44 to 386 km2),[70] absorbing the communities named above, changing their status to "neighborhoods."

They say San José is going to become another Los Angeles. Believe me, I'm going to do everything in my power to make that come true. — "Dutch" Hamann, 1965[71]

Sales taxes were a chief source of revenue. Hamann would determine where major shopping areas would be, and then annex narrow bands of land along major roadways leading to those locations, pushing tentacles across the Santa Clara Valley
Santa Clara Valley
and, in turn, walling off the expansion of adjacent communities.[72] During his reign, it was said the City Council would vote according to Hamann's nod. In 1963, the State of California
California
imposed Local Agency Formation Commissions statewide, but largely to try to maintain order with San Jose's aggressive growth. Eventually the political forces against growth grew as local neighborhoods bonded together to elect their own candidates, ending Hamann's influence and leading to his resignation.[73] While the job was not complete, the trend was set. The city had defined its sphere of influence in all directions, sometimes chaotically leaving unincorporated pockets to be swallowed up by the behemoth, sometimes even at the objection of the residents.[69] Topography[edit]

A satellite image of the Santa Clara Valley
Santa Clara Valley
in the South Bay Area; San Jose makes up most of the urbanization in the center of the valley.

The Guadalupe River runs from the Santa Cruz Mountains
Santa Cruz Mountains
(which separate the South Bay from the Pacific Coast) flowing north through San Jose, ending in the San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay
at Alviso. Along the southern part of the river is the neighborhood of Almaden Valley, originally named for the mercury mines which produced mercury needed for gold extraction from quartz during the California
California
Gold Rush as well as mercury fulminate blasting caps and detonators for the U.S. military from 1870 to 1945.[74] East of the Guadalupe River, Coyote Creek also flows to south San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay
and originates on Mount Sizer
Mount Sizer
near Henry W. Coe State Park and the surrounding hills in the Diablo Range, northeast of Morgan Hill, California. The lowest point in San Jose is 13 feet (4.0 m) below sea level at the San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay
in Alviso;[75] the highest is 2,125 feet (648 m).[76] Because of the proximity to Lick Observatory
Lick Observatory
atop Mount Hamilton, San Jose has taken several steps to reduce light pollution, including replacing all street lamps and outdoor lighting in private developments with low pressure sodium lamps.[77] To recognize the city's efforts, the asteroid 6216 San Jose was named after the city.[78] San Jose lies close to the Pacific Ocean and close to San Francisco Bay (a small portion of its northern border touches the bay). Santa Clara Valley is the population center of the Bay Area and, like the hub and spokes of a wheel, surrounding communities emanate outwards from the valley. This growth, in part, has shaped the greater Bay Area as it is today in terms of geographic population distribution and the trend of suburbanization away from the valley.[citation needed] There are four distinct valleys in the city of San Jose: Almaden Valley, situated on the southwest fringe of the city; Evergreen Valley to the southeast, which is hilly all throughout its interior; Santa Clara Valley, which includes the flat, main urban expanse of the South Bay; and the rural Coyote Valley, to the city's extreme southern fringe.[citation needed] Climate[edit]

The Santa Clara Valley
Santa Clara Valley
enjoys a Mediterranean climate, with an average of 301 days of sunshine.

San Jose, like most of the Bay Area, has a Mediterranean climate (Köppen Csb).[79] San Jose has an average of 301 days of sunshine and an annual mean temperature of 60.5 °F (15.8 °C). It lies inland, surrounded on three sides by mountains, and does not front the Pacific Ocean like San Francisco. As a result, the city is somewhat more sheltered from rain, giving it a semiarid feel with a mean annual rainfall of 15.82 inches or 401.8 millimetres, compared to some other parts of the Bay Area, which can receive about three times that amount. Like most of the Bay Area, San Jose is made up of dozens of microclimates. Because of a more prominent rain shadow from the Santa Cruz Mountains, Downtown San Jose
Downtown San Jose
experiences the lightest rainfall in the city, while South San Jose, only 10 mi (16 km) distant, experiences more rainfall, and somewhat more extreme temperatures. The monthly daily average temperature ranges from around 50 °F (10 °C) in December and January to around 70 °F (21.1 °C) in July and August.[80] The highest temperature ever recorded in San Jose was 109 °F (42.8 °C) on June 14, 2000; the lowest was 19 °F (−7.2 °C) on December 22–23, 1990. On average, there are 2.7 mornings annually where the temperature lowers to or below the freezing mark, and sixteen afternoons where the high reaches or exceeds 90 °F or 32.2 °C. Diurnal temperature variation
Diurnal temperature variation
is far wider than along the coast or in San Francisco
San Francisco
but still a shadow of what is seen in the Central Valley.

Climate data for San Jose, California
California
(1981–2010 normals, extremes 1893–present)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °F (°C) 79 (26) 81 (27) 89 (32) 95 (35) 102 (39) 109 (43) 108 (42) 105 (41) 108 (42) 101 (38) 85 (29) 79 (26) 109 (43)

Average high °F (°C) 58.1 (14.5) 61.9 (16.6) 65.7 (18.7) 69.3 (20.7) 74.3 (23.5) 79.1 (26.2) 81.9 (27.7) 81.9 (27.7) 80.1 (26.7) 74.0 (23.3) 64.3 (17.9) 58.0 (14.4) 70.7 (21.5)

Daily mean °F (°C) 50.1 (10.1) 53.3 (11.8) 56.2 (13.4) 58.9 (14.9) 63.4 (17.4) 67.5 (19.7) 70.0 (21.1) 70.1 (21.2) 68.5 (20.3) 63.2 (17.3) 55.1 (12.8) 50.0 (10) 60.5 (15.8)

Average low °F (°C) 42.0 (5.6) 44.7 (7.1) 46.6 (8.1) 48.6 (9.2) 52.4 (11.3) 56.0 (13.3) 58.1 (14.5) 58.3 (14.6) 56.8 (13.8) 52.5 (11.4) 46.0 (7.8) 41.9 (5.5) 50.3 (10.2)

Record low °F (°C) 18 (−8) 24 (−4) 25 (−4) 26 (−3) 32 (0) 33 (1) 40 (4) 39 (4) 35 (2) 30 (−1) 21 (−6) 19 (−7) 18 (−8)

Average rainfall inches (mm) 3.07 (78) 3.11 (79) 2.54 (64.5) 1.18 (30) 0.51 (13) 0.10 (2.5) 0.02 (0.5) 0.02 (0.5) 0.18 (4.6) 0.80 (20.3) 1.68 (42.7) 2.61 (66.3) 15.82 (401.9)

Average rainy days (≥ 0.01 in) 10.2 10.3 9.4 5.6 3.2 0.8 0.2 0.3 1.3 3.2 7.2 10.2 61.9

Source: NOAA[81][82]

With the light rainfall, San Jose and its suburbs experience about 300 fully or partly sunny days a year. Rain occurs primarily in the months from November through April or May. During the winter and spring, hillsides and fields turn green with grasses and vegetation, although deciduous trees are few. With the coming of the annual hot summer dry period, the vegetation dies and dries, giving the hills a golden cover which, unfortunately, also provides fuel for frequent grass fires. Measurable precipitation falls in downtown San Jose on an average of 59 days a year.[citation needed] “Rain year” precipitation has ranged from 4.83 inches (122.7 mm) between July 1876 and June 1877 to 30.30 inches (769.6 mm) between July 1889 and June 1890, although at the current site since 1893 the range is from 5.77 inches (146.6 mm) in “rain year” 1975–76 to 30.25 inches (768.3 mm) in “rain year” 1982–83. The most precipitation in one month was 12.38 inches (314.5 mm) in January 1911. The maximum 24-hour rainfall was 3.60 inches (91.4 mm) on January 30, 1968. Although summer is normally quite dry in San Jose, a very heavy thunderstorm on August 21, 1968, brought 1.92 inches (48.8 mm) of rain, causing some flooding.[83] The snow level drops as low as 2,000 ft (610 m) above sea level, or lower, occasionally coating nearby Mount Hamilton and, less frequently, the Santa Cruz Mountains, with snow that normally lasts a few days. This sometimes snarls traffic traveling on State Route 17 towards Santa Cruz. Snow rarely falls in San Jose; the most recent snow to remain on the ground was on February 5, 1976, when many residents around the city saw as much as 3 inches (0.076 m) on car and roof tops. The official observation station measured only 0.5 inches (0.013 m) of snow.[84] Parks[edit]

President William McKinley
William McKinley
memorial in St. James Park.

The San Jose Japanese Friendship Garden at Kelley Park.

San Jose possesses about 15,950 acres (6,455 ha) of parkland in its city limits, including a part of the expansive Don Edwards San Francisco Bay National Wildlife Refuge. The city's oldest park is Alum Rock Park, established in 1872.[85] In its 2013 ParkScore ranking, The Trust for Public Land, a national land conservation organization, reported that San Jose was tied with Albuquerque and Omaha for having the 11th best park system among the 50 most populous U.S. cities.[86]

Almaden Quicksilver County Park, 4,147 acres (16.78 km2) of former mercury mines in South San Jose
South San Jose
(operated and maintained by the Santa Clara County
Santa Clara County
Parks and Recreation Department). Alum Rock Park, 718 acres (2.91 km2) in East San Jose, the oldest municipal park in California
California
and one of the largest municipal parks in the United States. Children's Discovery Museum hosts an outdoor park-like setting, featuring the world's largest permanent Monopoly game, per the Guinness Book of World Records.[87] Caretakers for this attraction include the 501(c)3 non-profit group Monopoly in the Park. Circle of Palms Plaza, a ring of palm trees surrounding a California state seal and historical landmark at the site of the first state capitol Emma Prusch Farm Park, 43.5 acres (17.6 hectares) in East San Jose. Donated by Emma Prusch to demonstrate the valley's agricultural past, it includes a 4-H
4-H
barn (the largest in San Jose), community gardens, a rare-fruit orchard, demonstration gardens, picnic areas, and expanses of lawn.[88] Field Sports Park, Santa Clara County's only publicly owned firing range, located in south San Jose[89] Kelley Park, including diverse facilities such as Happy Hollow Park & Zoo (a child-centric amusement park), the Japanese Friendship Garden (Kelley Park), History Park at Kelley Park, and the Portuguese Historical Museum within the history park Martial Cottle Park, a former agricultural farm, in South San Jose. Operated by Santa Clara County
Santa Clara County
Parks and Recreation Department Oak Hill Memorial Park, California's oldest secular cemetery Overfelt Gardens, including the Chinese Cultural Garden Plaza
Plaza
de César Chávez, a small park in Downtown, hosts outdoor concerts and the Christmas in the Park display Raging Waters, water park with water slides and other water attractions. This sits within Lake Cunningham
Lake Cunningham
Park Rosicrucian Park, nearly an entire city block in the Rose Garden neighborhood; the Park offers a setting of Egyptian and Moorish architecture set among lawns, rose gardens, statuary, and fountains, and includes the Rosicrucian Egyptian Museum, Planetarium, Research Library, Peace Garden and Visitors Center San Jose Flea Market San Jose Municipal Rose Garden, 5 1⁄2 acres (22,000 m2) park in the Rose Garden neighborhood, featuring over 4,000 rose bushes

Trails[edit]

Guadalupe Reservoir
Guadalupe Reservoir
at Almaden Quicksilver County Park.

Santa Teresa County Park
Santa Teresa County Park
in South San Jose.

A 2011 study by Walk Score
Walk Score
ranked San Jose the nineteenth most walkable of fifty largest cities in the United States.[90] San Jose's trail network of 60 miles (100 km) of recreational and active transportation trails throughout the city.[91] The major trails in the network include:

Coyote Creek Trail Guadalupe River Trail Los Gatos Creek Trail Los Alamitos Creek
Alamitos Creek
Trail Penitencia Creek Trail Silver Creek Valley
Silver Creek Valley
Trail

This large urban trail network, recognized by Prevention Magazine as the nation's largest, is linked to trails in surrounding jurisdictions and many rural trails in surrounding open space and foothills. Several trail systems within the network are designated as part of the National Recreation Trail, as well as regional trails such as the San Francisco Bay Trail and Bay Area Ridge Trail. Wildlife[edit] Early written documents record the local presence of migrating salmon in the Rio Guadalupe dating as far back as the 18th century.[92] Both steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and King salmon are extant in the Guadalupe River, making San Jose the southernmost major U. S. city with known salmon spawning runs, the other cities being Anchorage, Alaska; Seattle, Washington; Portland, Oregon
Portland, Oregon
and Sacramento, California.[93] Runs of up to 1,000 Chinook or King Salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) swam up the Guadalupe River each fall in the 1990s, but have all but vanished in the current decade apparently blocked from access to breeding grounds by impassable culverts, weirs and wide, exposed and flat concrete paved channels installed by the Santa Clara Valley
Santa Clara Valley
Water District.[94] In 2011 a small number of Chinook salmon
Chinook salmon
were filmed spawning under the Julian Street bridge.[95] At the southern edge of San José, Coyote Valley is a corridor for wildlife migration between the Santa Cruz Mountains
Santa Cruz Mountains
and the Diablo Range.[96] Demographics[edit]

Historical population

Census Pop.

1870 9,089

1880 12,567

38.3%

1890 18,060

43.7%

1900 21,500

19.0%

1910 28,946

34.6%

1920 39,642

37.0%

1930 57,651

45.4%

1940 68,457

18.7%

1950 95,280

39.2%

1960 204,196

114.3%

1970 459,913

125.2%

1980 629,400

36.9%

1990 782,248

24.3%

2000 894,943

14.4%

2010 945,942

5.7%

Est. 2016 1,025,350 [11] 8.4%

U.S. Decennial Census[97]

In 2014, the U.S. Census
Census
Bureau released its new population estimates. With a total population of 1,015,785,[98] San Jose became the 11th U.S. city to hit the 1 million mark, even though it is currently the 10th most populous city.

Racial composition 2010[99] 1990[56] 1970[56] 1940[56]

White 42.8% 62.8% 93.6% 98.5%

—Non-Hispanic 28.7% 49.6% 75.7%[100] n/a

Black or African American 3.2% 4.7% 2.5% 0.4%

Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 33.2% 26.6% 19.1%[100] n/a

Asian 32.0% 19.5% 2.7% 1.1%

Other race 15.7% 12.3% 0.8% (X)

Two or more races 5.0% n/a n/a n/a

2010[edit]

Map of racial distribution in San Jose, 2010 U.S. Census. Each dot is 25 people: White, Black, Asian, Hispanic or Other (yellow).

Thematic map showing median household income across central Santa Clara County as of 2014[update]; the darker the color, the more affluent the area.

The 2010 United States
United States
Census[101] reported that San Jose had a population of 945,942. The population density was 5,256.2 people per square mile (2,029.4/km²). The racial makeup of San Jose was 404,437 (42.8%) White, 303,138 (32.0%) Asian (10.4% Vietnamese, 6.7% Chinese, 5.6% Filipino, 4.6% Indian, 1.2% Korean, 1.2% Japanese, 0.3% Cambodian, 0.2% Thai, 0.2% Pakistani, 0.2% Laotian), 30,242 (3.2%) African American, 8,297 (0.9%) Native American, 4,017 (0.4%) Pacific Islander, 148,749 (15.7%) from other races, and 47,062 (5.0%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 313,636 persons (33.2%). 28.2% of the city's population were of Mexican descent; the next largest Hispanic groups were those of Salvadoran (0.7%) and Puerto Rican (0.5%) heritage. Non-Hispanic Whites
Non-Hispanic Whites
were 28.7% of the population in 2010,[102] down from 75.7% in 1970.[56] The census reported that 932,620 people (98.6% of the population) lived in households, 9,542 (1.0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 3,780 (0.4%) were institutionalized. There were 301,366 households, out of which 122,958 (40.8%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 162,819 (54.0%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 37,988 (12.6%) had a female householder with no husband present, 18,702 (6.2%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 16,900 (5.6%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 2,458 (0.8%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 59,385 households (19.7%) were made up of individuals and 18,305 (6.1%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.09. There were 219,509 families (72.8% of all households); the average family size was 3.54. The age distribution of the city was as follows: 234,678 people (24.8%) were under the age of 18, 89,457 people (9.5%) aged 18 to 24, 294,399 people (31.1%) aged 25 to 44, 232,166 people (24.5%) aged 45 to 64, and 95,242 people (10.1%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.2 years. For every 100 females there were 101.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.8 males. There were 314,038 housing units at an average density of 1,745.0 per square mile (673.7/km²), of which 176,216 (58.5%) were owner-occupied, and 125,150 (41.5%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.6%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.3%. 553,436 people (58.5% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 379,184 people (40.1%) lived in rental housing units. 2000[edit]

Clockwise: Five Wounds Portuguese National Church, Tết
Tết
Vietnamese New Years Parade, Sikh Gurdwara of San Jose, Japanese American
Japanese American
Museum of San Jose.

As of the census[103] of 2000, there were 894,943 people, 276,598 households, and 203,576 families residing in the city. The population density was 5,117.9 people per square mile (1,976.1/km²). There were 281,841 housing units at an average density of 1,611.8 per square mile (622.3/km²). Of the 276,598 households, 38.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.0% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.4% were non-families. 18.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.20 and the average family size was 3.62. In the city, the population was spread out with 26.4% under the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 35.4% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 8.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 103.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.5 males. According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was the highest in the U.S. for any city with more than a quarter million residents with $76,963 annually. The median income for a family was $86,822.[104] Males had a median income of $49,347 versus $36,936 for females. The per capita income for the city was $26,697. About 6.0% of families and 8.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.3% of those under age 18 and 7.4% of those age 65 or over. Economy[edit]

Adobe world headquarters
Adobe world headquarters
in Downtown San Jose

PayPal
PayPal
headquarters in the North San Jose Innovation District

Cisco
Cisco
Main Campus in the North San Jose Innovation District

eBay corporate headquarters in West San Jose

Atmel
Atmel
headquarters in the North San Jose Innovation District

The KQED
KQED
(formerly Knight-Ridder) Building in Downtown San Jose

Samsung's Silicon Valley
Silicon Valley
headquarters in the North San Jose Innovation District

Apple Worldwide Developers Conference
Apple Worldwide Developers Conference
2017 at the San Jose Convention Center.

The cost of living in San Jose and the surrounding areas is among the highest in California
California
and the nation, according to 2004 data.[105] Housing costs are the primary reason for the high cost of living, although the costs in all areas tracked by the ACCRA Cost of Living Index are above the national average. Households in the city limits have the highest disposable income of any city in the U.S. with over 500,000 residents.[106][107] San Jose holds the distinction of being a United States
United States
Foreign-Trade Zone. The City received its Foreign Trade Zone grant from the U.S. Federal Government in 1974, making it the 18th foreign-trade zone established in the United States. Under its grant, the City of San Jose is granted jurisdiction to oversee and administer foreign trade in Santa Clara County, Monterey County, San Benito County, Santa Cruz County, and in the southern parts of San Mateo County and Alameda County.[108] San Jose lists many companies with 1,000 employees or more, including the headquarters of Adobe, Altera, Brocade Communications
Brocade Communications
Systems, Cadence Design Systems, Cisco
Cisco
Systems, eBay, Lee's Sandwiches, Lumileds, PayPal, Rosendin Electric, Sanmina-SCI, and Xilinx, as well as major facilities for Becton Dickinson, Ericsson, Hewlett-Packard, Hitachi, IBM, Kaiser Permanente, KLA Tencor, Lockheed Martin, Nippon Sheet Glass, Qualcomm, and AF Media Group. The North American headquarters of Samsung
Samsung
Semiconductor are located in San Jose.[109][110] Approximately 2000 employees will work at the new Samsung
Samsung
campus which opened in 2015. Other large companies based in San Jose include Altera, Atmel, CEVA, Cypress Semiconductor, Echelon, Extreme Networks, Harmonic, Integrated Device Technology, Maxim Integrated, Micrel, Move, Netgear, Novellus Systems, Oclaro, OCZ, Online Trading Academy, Quantum, SunPower, Sharks Sports and Entertainment, Supermicro, Tessera Technologies, TiVo, Ultratech, and VeriFone. Sizable government employers include the city government, Santa Clara County, and San Jose State University.[111] Acer's United States
United States
division has its offices in San Jose.[112] Prior to its closing, Netcom had its headquarters in San Jose.[113][114] On July 31, 2015, Cupertino-based Apple Inc.
Apple Inc.
purchased a 40-acre site in San Jose.[citation needed] The site, which is bare land, will be the site of an office and research campus where it is estimated that up to 16,000 employees will be located. Apple paid $138.2 million in cash for the site.[citation needed] The seller, Connecticut-based Five Mile Capital Partners, paid $40 million for the site in 2010.[115] Real estate experts expect that other tech companies currently located in Silicon Valley
Silicon Valley
will also follow in Apple's path by purchasing land or property in San Jose.[116] Silicon Valley[edit] Main article: Silicon Valley The large concentration of high-technology engineering, computer, and microprocessor companies around San Jose has led the area to be known as Silicon Valley. Area schools such as the University
University
of California, Berkeley, University
University
of California, Santa Cruz, San Jose State University, San Francisco
San Francisco
State University, California
California
State University, East Bay, Santa Clara University, and Stanford University pump thousands of engineering and computer science graduates into the local economy every year. San Jose residents produce more U.S. patents than any other city.[117] On October 15, 2015, the United States
United States
Patent and Trademark Office opened a satellite office in San Jose to serve Silicon Valley
Silicon Valley
and the Western United States.[118][119] Thirty-five percent of all venture capital funds in the U.S. are invested in San Jose and Silicon Valley companies.[117] In January 2014, Forbes
Forbes
Magazine reported that Careerbliss.com had ranked San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara metro area as the happiest place to work in the United States. The report cited a large concentration of technology jobs that typically offer a high salary and opportunity for growth, in addition to companies providing "fun and innovative work environments" as some of the reasons for the ranking.[120] High economic growth during the tech bubble caused employment, housing prices, and traffic congestion to peak in the late 1990s. As the economy slowed in the early 2000s, employment and traffic congestion diminished somewhat[citation needed]. In the mid-2000s, traffic along major highways again began to worsen as the economy improved. San Jose had 405,000 jobs within its city limits in 2006, and an unemployment rate of 4.6%. In 2000, San Jose residents had the highest median household income of any city in the United States
United States
with a population over 300,000, and currently has the highest median income of any U.S. city with over 280,000 people. On March 14, 2013, San Jose implemented a public wireless connection in the downtown area.[121] Wireless access points were placed on outdoor light posts throughout the city.[122] Media[edit] Main article: Media in San Jose, California San Jose is served by Greater Bay Area media. Print media outlets in San Jose include the San Jose Mercury News, the weekly Metro Silicon Valley, El Observador and the Silicon Valley
Silicon Valley
/ San Jose Business Journal. The Bay Area's NBC
NBC
O&O, KNTV
KNTV
11, is based in San Jose. In total, broadcasters in the Bay Area include 34 television stations, 25 AM radio stations, and 55 FM radio stations.[123] In April 1909, Charles David Herrold, an electronics instructor in San Jose, constructed a radio station to broadcast the human voice. The station, "San Jose Calling" (call letters FN, later FQW), was the world's first radio station with scheduled programming targeted at a general audience. The station became the first to broadcast music in 1910. Herrold's wife Sybil became the first female "disk jockey" in 1912. The station changed hands a number of times before eventually becoming today's KCBS in San Francisco.[124] Therefore, KCBS technically is the oldest radio station in the United States, and celebrated its 100th anniversary in 2009 with much fanfare. Top employers[edit] As of June 30, 2015, the top employers in the city are:[125]

No. San Jose's Top Employers Employees

1 County of Santa Clara 17,476

2 Cisco
Cisco
Systems 15,470

3 eBay 6,130

4 City of San Jose 5,928

5 San Jose State University 4,480

6 U.S. Postal Service 3,900

7 Western Digital 2,660

8 IBM 2,360

9 San Jose Unified School District 2,320

10 Kaiser Permanente 2,290

11 Good Samaritan Hospital 2,110

12 Adobe Systems, Inc. 2,010

13 Target Corporation 2,000

14 Brocade Communications 1,780

15 Cadence Design Systems 1,460

Culture[edit] Architecture[edit]

The Scottish Rite
Scottish Rite
Temple of San Jose, on St. James Park, built 1924.

Because the downtown area is in the flight path to nearby Mineta San Jose International Airport (also evidenced in the above panoramic), there is a height limit for buildings in the downtown area, which is underneath the final approach corridor to the airport. The height limit is dictated by local ordinances, driven by the distance from the runway and a slope defined by Federal Aviation Administration regulations. Core downtown buildings are limited to approximately 300 feet (91 m) but can get taller farther from the airport.[126] There has been broad criticism over the past few decades of the city's architecture.[127] Citizens have complained that San Jose is lacking in aesthetically pleasing architectural styles. Blame for this lack of architectural "beauty" can be assigned to the re-development of the downtown area from the 1950s onward, in which whole blocks of historic commercial and residential structures were demolished.[128] Exceptions to this include the Downtown Historic District, the Hotel De Anza, and the Hotel Sainte Claire, both of which are listed in the National Register of Historic Places for their architectural and historical significance.

Downtown San Jose
Downtown San Jose
is home to numerous high rise apartment buildings and office towers.

Municipal building projects have experimented more with architectural styles than have most private enterprises.[129] The Children's Discovery Museum, Tech Museum of Innovation, and the San Jose Repertory Theater building have experimented with bold colors and unusual exteriors. The new City Hall, designed by Richard Meier
Richard Meier
& Partners, opened in 2005 and is a notable addition to the growing collection of municipal building projects.[130] San Jose has many examples of houses with fine architecture. Late 19th century and early 20th century styles exist in neighborhoods such as Hanchett Park, Naglee Park, Rose Garden, and Willow Glen (including Palm Haven). Styles include Craftsman, Mission Revival, Prairie style, and Queen Anne style Victorian. Notable architects include Frank Delos Wolfe, Theodore Lenzen, Charles McKenzie.[131] and Julia Morgan[132] Visual arts[edit] Public art is an evolving attraction in the city. The city was one of the first to adopt a public art ordinance at 2% of capital improvement building project budgets,[133] and the results of this commitment are beginning to affect the visual landscape of the city. There are a considerable number of public art projects throughout the downtown area, and a growing collection in the newer civic locations in neighborhoods including libraries, parks, and fire stations. Of particular note, the Mineta Airport expansion is incorporating a program of Art & Technology into its development.

San Jose's 240th Anniversary celebrations at the Peralta Adobe, 2017.

Statue of Augustus
Augustus
of Prima Porta at Rosicrucian Egyptian Museum.

The ceiling at Saint Joseph's Cathedral Basilica.

Within the early efforts at public art, there are notable controversies. Two examples include the statue of Quetzalcoatl
Quetzalcoatl
(the plumed serpent) in downtown which was controversial in its planning because some religious groups felt that it was pagan, and controversial in its implementation because many felt that the final statue by Robert Graham did not closely resemble a winged serpent, and was more noted for its expense than its aesthetics. This has resulted in locals joking that the statue resembles a pile of feces.[134] The statue of Thomas Fallon
Thomas Fallon
also met strong resistance from those who felt that people like him were largely responsible for the decimation of early native populations and Chicano/Latino activists protested he captured San Jose by violent force in the Mexican-American War
Mexican-American War
(1846) as well "repressed" historic documents of Fallon ordered the expulsion of most of the city's Californio
Californio
(early Spanish or Mexican) residents. In October 1991 after protests in part of Columbus Day
Columbus Day
and Dia de la Raza celebrations, the Fallon statue plan was scrapped and the statue was stored in a warehouse in Oakland for more than a decade. The statue was returned to public display in 2002, albeit in a less conspicuous location: Pellier Park, a small triangular patch formed by the merge of West Julian and West St. James streets.[135] In 2001, the city sponsored SharkByte, an exhibit of decorated sharks, based on the mascot of the hockey team, the San Jose Sharks, and modeled after Chicago's display of decorated cows.[136] Large models of sharks were decorated in a variety of clever, colorful, or creative ways by local artists and were then displayed for months at dozens of locations around the city. Many displays were removed early because of vandalism. After the exhibition, the sharks were auctioned off and the proceeds donated to charity. The sharks can still be found in their new owners' homes and businesses. In 2006, Adobe Systems
Adobe Systems
commissioned an art installation titled San Jose Semaphore by Ben Rubin,[137] which is located at the top of its headquarters building. Semaphore is composed of four LED discs which "rotate" to transmit a message. The content of the San Jose Semaphore's message remained a mystery until it was deciphered in August 2007.[138][139] The visual art installation is supplemented with an audio track, transmitted from the building on a low-power AM station. The audio track provides clues to decode the message being transmitted. Performing arts[edit]

The City National Civic
City National Civic
(top) and the San Jose Center for the Performing Arts (bottom).

The city is home to many performing arts companies, including Opera San Jose, Symphony Silicon Valley, Ballet San Jose Silicon Valley, sjDANCEco, Children's Musical Theater of San Jose,[140] the San Jose Youth Symphony, the San Jose Repertory Theatre, City Lights Theatre Company, The Tabard Theatre Company, San Jose Stage Company, and the now-defunct American Musical Theatre of San Jose
American Musical Theatre of San Jose
which was replaced by Broadway San Jose
Broadway San Jose
in partnership with Team San Jose. San Jose also is home to the San Jose Museum of Art,[141] one of the nation's premiere Modern Art museums. The annual Cinequest Film Festival in downtown has grown to over 60,000 attendees per year, becoming an important festival for independent films. The San Francisco
San Francisco
Asian American
Asian American
Film Festival is an annual event, which is hosted in San Francisco, Berkeley, and Downtown San Jose. Approximately 30 to 40 films are screened in San Jose each year at the Camera 12 Downtown Cinemas. The San Jose Jazz Festival
San Jose Jazz Festival
is another of many great events hosted throughout the year. The SAP Center at San Jose
SAP Center at San Jose
is one of the most active venues for events in the world. According to Billboard Magazine
Billboard Magazine
and Pollstar, the arena sold the most tickets to non-sporting events of any venue in the United States, and third in the world after the Manchester
Manchester
Evening News Arena in Manchester, England, and the Bell Centre
Bell Centre
in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, for the period from January 1 – September 30, 2004.[142] Including sporting events, the SAP Center averages 184 events a year, or roughly one event for every two days, which is significantly higher than the average for NHL arenas.[143] Sports[edit] See also: Sports in the San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay
Area

The SAP Center at San Jose, home of the San Jose Sharks.

Avaya
Avaya
Stadium, home of the San Jose Earthquakes.

Levi's Stadium, home of the San Francisco
San Francisco
49ers.

Club Sport Founded League Venue (capacity)

San Francisco
San Francisco
49ers Football 1946 National Football League Levi's Stadium
Levi's Stadium
(68,500)

San Jose Sharks Hockey 1991 National Hockey League SAP Center at San Jose
SAP Center at San Jose
(17,562)

San Jose Earthquakes Soccer 1995 Major League Soccer Avaya Stadium
Avaya Stadium
(18,000)

San Jose Barracuda Hockey 2015 American Hockey League
American Hockey League
(AAA) SAP Center at San Jose
SAP Center at San Jose
(17,562)

San Jose Giants Baseball 1988 California
California
League (High-A) San Jose Municipal Stadium
San Jose Municipal Stadium
(4,200)

San Jose State Spartans NCAA Football 1893 Mountain West Conference CEFCU Stadium
CEFCU Stadium
(30,456)

San Jose is home to the San Jose Sharks
San Jose Sharks
of the NHL, the San Jose Barracuda of the AHL, and the San Jose Earthquakes
San Jose Earthquakes
of Major League Soccer. The Sharks and the Barracuda play in the SAP Center at San Jose. The Earthquakes built an 18,000 seat new stadium that opened in March 2015. San Jose was a founding member of both the California League and Pacific Coast League
Pacific Coast League
in minor league baseball. San Jose currently fields the San Jose Giants, a High-A affiliate of the San Francisco Giants. The NFL's San Francisco
San Francisco
49ers call neighboring Santa Clara, California
California
home. San Jose has "aggressively wooed" the Oakland Athletics
Oakland Athletics
to relocate to San Jose from nearby Oakland, and the Athletics in turn have said that San Jose is their "best option," but the San Francisco
San Francisco
Giants have thus far exercised a veto against this proposal.[144] In 2013, the city of San Jose sued Major League Baseball
Baseball
for not allowing the Athletics to relocate to San Jose.[145][146] On October 5, 2015 the United States
United States
Supreme Court rejected San Jose's bid on the Athletics.[147] From 2005 to 2007, the San Jose Grand Prix, an annual street circuit race in the Champ Car World Series, was held in the downtown area. Other races included the Trans-Am Series, the Toyota Atlantic Championship, the United States
United States
Touring Car Championship, the Historic Stock Car Racing Series, and the Formula D Drift racing competition. In 2004, the San Jose Sports Authority hosted the U.S. Olympic team trials for judo, taekwondo, trampolining and rhythmic gymnastics at the San Jose State Event Center. In 2008, around 90 percent of the members of the United States
United States
Olympic team were processed at San Jose State University
University
prior to traveling to the 2008 Summer Olympics
2008 Summer Olympics
in Beijing.[148] The 2009 Junior Olympics for trampoline were also held here. In August 2004, the San Jose Seahawk Rugby Football Club hosted the USA All-Star Rugby Sevens
Rugby Sevens
Championships at Watson Bowl, east of Downtown. San Jose State hosted the 2011 American Collegiate Hockey Association (ACHA) national tournament.[149] The NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament is also frequently held in San Jose. Landmarks[edit] Main article: List of attractions in Silicon Valley Notable landmarks in San Jose include Children's Discovery Museum of San Jose, History Park at Kelley Park, Cathedral Basilica of St. Joseph, Plaza
Plaza
de César Chávez, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Library, Mexican Heritage Plaza, Rosicrucian Egyptian Museum, Lick Observatory, Hayes Mansion, SAP Center at San Jose, Hotel De Anza, San Jose Improv, Sikh Gurdwara - San Jose, Peralta Adobe, San Jose Municipal Stadium, Spartan Stadium, Japantown San Jose, Winchester Mystery House, Raging Waters, Circle of Palms Plaza, San Jose City Hall, San Jose Flea Market, Oak Hill Memorial Park, San Jose electric light tower, and The Tech Museum of Innovation.

Hotel De Anza

Santana Row

The historic Scottish Rite
Scottish Rite
Temple on St. James Park

Lick Observatory
Lick Observatory
on Mount Hamilton

SAP Center at San Jose

The Bank of Italy Building

Five Wounds Portuguese National Church

Hayes Mansion

Cathedral Basilica of St. Joseph

The San Jose Municipal Rose Garden

The San Jose Museum of Art

San Jose City Hall

The Chinese Cultural Garden

Winchester Mystery House

San José State University

The historic Sainte Claire Hotel, today The Westin San Jose

Museums and institutions[edit]

The Trianon Theatre, in Downtown San Jose
Downtown San Jose
(top), and Rosicrucian Park, in Rose Garden (bottom).

Children's Discovery Museum of San Jose History Park at Kelley Park Ira F. Brilliant Center for Beethoven Studies, home of the largest Beethoven collection outside Europe Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Library, the largest U.S. public library west of the Mississippi River Mexican Heritage Plaza, a museum and cultural center for Mexican Americans
Americans
in the area Movimiento de Arte y Cultura Latino Americana, is an inclusive contemporary arts museum grounded in the Chicano/Latino experience SoFA District, a downtown arts and entertainment district Portuguese Historical Museum Rosicrucian Egyptian Museum, the largest collection of Egyptian artifacts on display in the western United States, located at Rosicrucian Park San Jose Museum of Art San Jose East Carnegie Branch Library is notable as it is the last Carnegie library
Carnegie library
still operating in San Jose, and is on the National Register of Historic Places. The Tech Museum of Innovation San Jose Steam Railroad Museum, proposed, artifacts and rolling stock are kept at the fairgrounds and Kelley Park History San José Japanese American
Japanese American
Museum of San Jose, a museum of Japanese-American history Old Bank of America Building a historic landmark San Jose Museum of Quilts & Textiles, the first museum in America dedicated solely to quilts and textiles as an art form Viet Museum, a museum of Vietnamese-American
Vietnamese-American
history

Law and government[edit] See also: San Jose City Council; Mayor of San Jose; and List of city managers of San Jose, California

San Jose City Hall
San Jose City Hall
was designed by Pritzker-winning architect Richard Meier; c. 2005.

The Santa Clara County
Santa Clara County
Superior Court was built in 1866.

The Santa Clara County
Santa Clara County
Government Center in San Jose.

Local[edit] San Jose is a charter city under California
California
law, giving it the power to enact local ordinances that may conflict with state law, within the limits provided by the charter.[150] The city has a council-manager government with a city manager nominated by the mayor and elected by the city council. The San Jose City Council
San Jose City Council
is made up of ten council members elected by district, and a mayor elected by the entire city. During city council meetings, the mayor presides, and all eleven members can vote on any issue. The mayor has no veto powers. Council members and the mayor are elected to four-year terms; the even-numbered district council members beginning in 1994; the mayor and the odd-numbered district council members beginning in 1996.[151] Each council member represents approximately 100,000 constituents. Council members and the mayor are limited to two successive terms in office, although a council member that has reached the term limit can be elected mayor, and vice versa. The council elects a vice-mayor from the members of the council at the second meeting of the year following a council election. This council member acts as mayor during the temporary absence of the mayor, but does not succeed to the mayor's office upon a vacancy.[151] The City Manager
City Manager
is the chief administrative officer of the city, and must present an annual budget for approval by the city council. When the office is vacant, the Mayor proposes a candidate for City Manager, subject to council approval. The council appoints the Manager for an indefinite term, and may at any time remove the manager, or the electorate may remove the manager through a recall election. Other city officers directly appointed by the council include the City Attorney, City Auditor, City Clerk, and Independent Police Auditor.[151] Like all cities and counties in the state, San Jose has representation in the state legislature. Like all California
California
cities except San Francisco, both the levels and the boundaries of what the city government controls are determined by the Local Agency Formation Commission (LAFCO).[152] The goal of a LAFCO is to try to avoid uncontrolled urban sprawl. The Santa Clara County LAFCO has set boundaries of San Jose's "Sphere of Influence" (indicated by the blue line in the map near the top of the page) as a superset of the actual city limits (the yellow area in the map), plus parts of the surrounding unincorporated county land, where San Jose can, for example, prevent development of fringe areas to concentrate city growth closer to the city's core. The LAFCO also defines a subset of the Sphere as an 'Urban Service Area' (indicated by the red line in the map), effectively limiting development to areas where urban infrastructure (sewers, electrical service, etc.) already exists. San Jose is the county seat of Santa Clara County.[153] Accordingly, many county government facilities are located in the city, including the office of the County Executive, the Board of Supervisors, the District Attorney's Office, eight courthouses of the Superior Court, the Sheriff's Office, and the County Clerk.[154] State and federal[edit] In the California
California
State Senate, San Jose is split between the 10th, 15th, and 17th districts,[5] represented by Democrat Bob Wieckowski, Democrat Jim Beall, and Democrat Bill Monning
Bill Monning
respectively. In the California
California
State Assembly, San Jose is split between the 25th, 27th, 28th, and 29th districts,[6] represented by Democrat Kansen Chu, Democrat Ash Kalra, Democrat Evan Low, and Democrat Mark Stone, respectively. Federally, San Jose is split between California's 17th, 18th, and 19th congressional districts,[155] represented by Democrat Ro Khanna, Democrat Anna Eshoo, and Democrat Zoe Lofgren, respectively.[156] Several state and federal agencies maintain offices in San Jose. The city is the location of the Sixth District of the California
California
Courts of Appeal.[157] It is also home to one of three courthouses of the United States District Court for the Northern District of California, the other two being in Oakland and San Francisco.[158] Crime[edit] Main article: San Jose Police Department The San Jose Police Department
San Jose Police Department
has consistently innovated in crime prevention, through programs like "CrimeReports.com", which made San Jose the first American city to make all 911 calls available via online. Crime in San Jose had been lower than in other large American cities until 2013, when crime rates in San Jose climbed above California
California
and U.S. averages.[159] Like most large cities, crime levels had fallen significantly after rising in the 1980s.[160] Today it is no longer ranked as one of the safest cities in the country with a population over 1,000,000 people. The designation is based on crime statistics reported to the Federal Bureau of Investigation
Federal Bureau of Investigation
in six categories: murder, rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, and auto theft. Recently, the city had the second lowest violent crime rate of any city with 500,000 or more residents, only behind Honolulu.[160] However, homicides since 2011 have surged; there were 20 homicides in 2010, 42 in 2011, 46 in 2012, and 44 in 2013.[161] Education[edit]

Stanford University, 20 mi (30 km) outside of San Jose, is one of the top universities in the world.

San José State University
San José State University
is the oldest public university on the West Coast and the founding campus of the California
California
State University.

Santa Clara University
Santa Clara University
is ranked as one of the best universities in the Western United States
United States
by U.S. News & World Report.

The University
University
of California
California
operates Lick Observatory, on Mount Hamilton, in East San Jose.

Higher education[edit] San Jose is home to several colleges and universities. The largest is San Jose State University, which was founded by the California legislature in 1862 as the California
California
State Normal School, and is the founding campus of the California
California
State University
University
(CSU) system. Located in downtown San Jose since 1870, the university enrolls approximately 30,000 students in over 130 different bachelor's and master's degree programs. The school enjoys a good academic reputation, especially in the fields of engineering, business, art and design, and journalism, and consistently ranks among the top public universities in the western region of the United States.[162] San Jose State is one of only three Bay Area schools that fields a Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) Division I college football team; Stanford University
University
and U.C. Berkeley
U.C. Berkeley
are the other two. California
California
University
University
of Management and Technology (CALMAT) offers many degree programs, including MBA, Computer Science, Information Technology. Most classes are offered both online and in the downtown campus. Many of the students are working professionals in the Silicon Valley. Lincoln Law School of San Jose
Lincoln Law School of San Jose
and University
University
of Silicon Valley
Silicon Valley
Law School offer law degrees, catering to working professionals. National University
University
maintains a campus in San Jose. The San Jose campus of Golden Gate
Golden Gate
University
University
offers business bachelor and MBA degrees. In the San Jose metropolitan area, Stanford University
Stanford University
is in Stanford, California, Santa Clara University
Santa Clara University
is in Santa Clara, California, and U.C. Santa Cruz
U.C. Santa Cruz
is in Santa Cruz, California. Within the San Francisco Bay Area, other universities include U.C. Berkeley, U.C. San Francisco, U.C. Hastings College of Law, and San Francisco
San Francisco
University. San Jose's community colleges, San Jose City College, West Valley College, Mission College and Evergreen Valley College, offer associate degrees, general education units to transfer to CSU and UC schools, and adult and continuing education programs. The West campus of Palmer College of Chiropractic is also located in San Jose. WestMed College is headquartered in San Jose and offers paramedic training, emergency medical technician training, and licensed vocational nursing programs. The University
University
of California
California
operates Lick Observatory
Lick Observatory
atop Mount Hamilton. Western Seminary has one of its four campuses in San Jose, which opened on the campus of Calvary Church of Los Gatos in 1985. The campus relocated in 2010 to Santa Clara. Western is an evangelical, Christian graduate school that provides theological training for students who hope to serve in a variety of ministry roles including pastors, marriage and family therapists, educators, missionaries and lay leadership. The San Jose campus offers four master's degrees, and a variety of other graduate-level programs.[163] National Hispanic University
University
offered associate and bachelor's degrees and teaching credentials to its students, focusing on Hispanic students, until its closing in 2015.[164] Primary & secondary education[edit]

Abraham Lincoln High, a San Jose magnet school for "Academic, Visual, and Performing Arts".

Up until the opening of Lincoln High School in 1943, San Jose students only attended San Jose High School. San Jose has 127 elementary, 47 middle, and 44 high public schools. Public education in the city is provided by four high school districts, fourteen elementary districts, and four unified school districts (which provide both elementary and high schools). In addition to the main San Jose Unified School District (SJUSD), other nearby unified school districts of nearby cities are Milpitas Unified School District, Morgan Hill Unified School District, and Santa Clara Unified School District. Private schools in San Jose are primarily run by religious groups. The Catholic Diocese of San Jose has the second largest student population in the Santa Clara County, behind only SJUSD; the diocese and its parishes operate several schools in the city, including six high schools: Archbishop Mitty High School, Bellarmine College Preparatory, Notre Dame High School, Saint Francis High School, St. Lawrence High School, and Presentation High School.[165] Other private high schools not run by the Diocese include two Baptist
Baptist
high schools, Liberty Baptist
Baptist
School[166] and White Road Baptist
Baptist
Academy, one Non-Denominational Protestant high school, Valley Christian High School (San Jose, California), one University-preparatory school, Cambrian Academy, a nonsectarian K-12 Harker School
Harker School
with four campuses in western San Jose, and a high school of the Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod, Apostles Lutheran High School [167]. Libraries[edit] Main article: San José Public Library

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Library
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Library
is the single largest library building in the Western United States.

The San José Public Library
San José Public Library
system is unique in that the Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Library combines the collections of the city's system with the San Jose State University
San Jose State University
main library. In 2003, construction of the library, which now holds more than 1.6 million items, was the largest single library construction project west of the Mississippi, with eight floors that result in more than 475,000 square feet (44,100 m2) of space with a capacity for 2 million volumes.[168] The city has 23 neighborhood branches including the Biblioteca Latinoamericana which specializes in Spanish language
Spanish language
works.[169] The East San Jose Carnegie Branch Library, a Carnegie library
Carnegie library
opened in 1908, is the last Carnegie library
Carnegie library
in Santa Clara County
Santa Clara County
still operating as a public library and is listed in the National Register of Historic Places. As the result of a bond measure passed in November 2000, a number of brand new or completely reconstructed branches have been completed and opened. The yet-to-be-named brand new Southeast Branch is also planned, bringing the bond library project to its completion.[170] The San Jose system (along with the University
University
system) were jointly named as "Library of the Year" by the Library Journal in 2004.[171] Transportation[edit] Public transit[edit] Main article: Santa Clara Valley
Santa Clara Valley
Transportation Authority See also: Transportation in the San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay
Area, Bay Area Rapid Transit expansion, and San Jose Diridon station

The VTA light rail serves 11 million people annually in Silicon Valley

Diridon Station
Diridon Station
will be the largest multi-modal transportation hub in the Western United States
United States
with the arrival of California
California
High Speed Rail and Bay Area Rapid Transit.

Rail service to and from San Jose is provided by Amtrak
Amtrak
(the Sacramento–San-Jose Capitol Corridor
Capitol Corridor
and the Seattle–Los-Angeles Coast Starlight), Caltrain
Caltrain
(commuter rail service between San Francisco and Gilroy), ACE (commuter rail service to Pleasanton and Stockton), and the local VTA light rail system connecting downtown to Mountain View, Milpitas, Campbell, and Almaden Valley, operated by the Santa Clara Valley
Santa Clara Valley
Transportation Authority (VTA). Historic streetcars from History Park operate on the light rail lines in downtown during holidays. Long-term plans call for BART
BART
to be expanded to Santa Clara through Milpitas and San Jose from the current terminal in Fremont. Originally, the extension was to be built all at once, but due to the recession, sales tax revenue has dramatically decreased. Because of this, the extension will be built in two phases. Phase 1 will extend service to a temporary terminal in north-eastern San Jose in mid 2018 at Berryessa station. Construction has been approved and funded and began in Summer 2012 and will connect with the Warm Springs extension to southern Fremont. In addition, San Jose will be a major stop on the future California
California
High Speed Rail route between Los Angeles
Los Angeles
and San Francisco.[172] Diridon Station
Diridon Station
(formerly Cahill Depot, 65 Cahill Street) is the meeting point of all regional commuter rail service in the area. It was built in 1935 by the Southern Pacific Railroad, and was refurbished in 1994. VTA also operates many bus routes in San Jose and the surrounding communities, as well as offering paratransit services to local residents. Additionally, the Highway 17 Express
Highway 17 Express
bus line connects central San Jose with Santa Cruz. Intercity bus providers include Greyhound, BoltBus, Megabus, California
California
Shuttle Bus, TUFESA, Intercalifornias, Hoang, and USAsia.[173] Air[edit]

Mineta San Jose International Airport
Mineta San Jose International Airport
is ranked as the best-run airport in the United States, by the ACBJ.[174]

San Jose is served by Norman Y. Mineta San Jose International Airport (IATA: SJC, ICAO: KSJC, FAA LID: SJC), two miles (3.2 km) northwest of downtown, and by Reid-Hillview Airport
Reid-Hillview Airport
of Santa Clara County (ICAO: KRHV, FAA LID: RHV) a general aviation airport located in the eastern part of San Jose. San Jose residents also use San Francisco International Airport (IATA: SFO, ICAO: KSFO, FAA LID: SFO), a major international hub located 35 miles (56 km) to the northwest, and Oakland International Airport
Oakland International Airport
(IATA: OAK, ICAO: KOAK, FAA LID: OAK), another major international airport located 35 miles (56 km) to the north. The airport is also near the intersections of three major freeways, U.S. Route 101, Interstate 880, and State Route 87. Highways[edit] The San Jose area has a large freeway system, including three Interstate freeways and one U.S. Route. It is, however, the largest city in the country not served by a primary Interstate; most of the Interstate Highway Network was planned by the early 1950s well before San Jose's rapid growth decades later. U.S. 101 runs south to the California
California
Central Coast and Los Angeles, and then runs north up near the eastern shore of the San Francisco Peninsula to San Francisco. I-280 also heads to San Francisco, but goes along just to the west of the cities of San Francisco
San Francisco
Peninsula. I-880 heads north to Oakland, running parallel to the southeastern shore of San Francisco
San Francisco
Bay. I-680 parallels I-880 to Fremont, but then cuts northeast to the eastern cities of the San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay
Area.

An aerial view of the freeway interchange near downtown San Jose connecting I-280 with SR 87.

Several state highways also serve San Jose: SR 17, SR 85, SR 87 and SR 237. Additionally, San Jose is served by a system of county-wide expressways, which includes the Almaden Expressway, Capitol Expressway, San Tomas Expressway, and Lawrence Expressway. Several regional transportation projects have been undertaken in recent years to deal with congestion on San Jose freeways. This includes expansion of State Route 87 including more lanes near the downtown San Jose area. The interchange for I-280 connecting with I-680 and U.S. 101, a rush-hour spot where the three freeways meet, has been known to have high-density traffic similar to Los Angeles
Los Angeles
County interchanges. It was constructed years before its completion. The two bridges, with no on-ramps or off-ramps stood over U.S. 101 at a 110-foot tall during the 70's, before opening in 1981. In 2010, the interchange was named the Joe Colla Interchange.[175] Major highways:

Interstate 280 Interstate 680 Interstate 880 U.S. Route 101 State Route 17 State Route 82 State Route 85 State Route 87 State Route 130 State Route 237

Notable people[edit] Main article: List of people from San Jose, California Sister Cities[edit] San Jose has one of the oldest Sister City programs in the nation. In 1957, when the city established a relationship with Okayama, Japan, it was only the third Sister City relationship in the nation, which had begun the prior year. The Office of Economic Development coordinates the San Jose Sister City Program which is part of Sister Cities International. As of 2014[update], there are eight sister cities:[176][177]

Okayama, Japan
Japan
(established in 1957) San José, Costa Rica
Costa Rica
(1961) Veracruz, Mexico
Mexico
(1975) Tainan, Taiwan
Taiwan
(1977) Dublin, Ireland
Ireland
(1986) [178] Yekaterinburg, Russia
Russia
(1992) Pune, India
India
(1992) Guadalajara, Mexico
Mexico
(2014)[179][180][181]

See also[edit]

California
California
portal San Francisco Bay Area
San Francisco Bay Area
portal New Spain portal

Silicon Valley Santa Clara Valley Santa Clara County San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay
Area Northern California San Jose Police Department San Jose Convention Center List of people from San Jose, California List of streets in San Jose, California, with name origins List of tallest buildings in San Jose, California

Notes[edit]

^ The common name for the city is "San Jose", without the diacritical mark on the "e". ^ The official name is the "City of San José", spelled with the diacritical mark on the "e".

References[edit]

^ " California
California
Cities by Incorporation Date". California
California
Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on November 3, 2014. Retrieved August 25, 2014.  ^ "Government". San Jose, CA. Retrieved March 15, 2015.  ^ "City Council". San Jose, CA. Retrieved December 8, 2014.  ^ "San Jose City Manager
City Manager
Norberto Duenas Has Interim Tag Removed". San Jose Inside. Metro Newspapers. Retrieved May 5, 2015.  ^ a b "Communities of Interest – City". California
California
Citizens Redistricting Commission. Retrieved October 10, 2014.  ^ a b "Communities of Interest – City". California
California
Citizens Redistricting Commission. Retrieved October 10, 2014.  ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau. Retrieved June 28, 2017.  ^ "San Jose". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved January 11, 2015.  ^ a b "Elevations and Distances". US Geological Survey. April 29, 2005. Retrieved February 10, 2015.  ^ [1][dead link] ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.  ^ "E-1 Population Estimates for Cities, Counties, and the State". California
California
Department of Finance. Archived from the original on July 1, 2014. Retrieved April 30, 2014.  ^ "ZIP Code(tm) Lookup". United States
United States
Postal Service. Retrieved November 23, 2014.  ^ In isolation, San is pronounced Spanish pronunciation: [san]. ^ "American FactFinder". U.S. Census
Census
Bureau.  ^ 2012 American Community Survey
American Community Survey
Archived July 1, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Richest Counties In The United States".  ^ Levy, Francesca (March 4, 2010). "America's 25 Richest Counties".  ^ " Santa Clara County
Santa Clara County
has highest median household income in nation, but wealth gap widens – The Mercury News".  ^ "Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Area Totals Dataset: Population and Estimated Components of Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". 2015 Population Estimates. United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau, Population Division. March 2016. Archived from the original (CSV) on July 15, 2016. Retrieved April 1, 2016.  ^ " Combined Statistical Area
Combined Statistical Area
Totals Dataset: Population and Estimated Components of Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". 2015 Population Estimates. United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau, Population Division. March 2016. Archived from the original (CSV) on July 15, 2016. Retrieved April 1, 2016.  ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Counties: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". 2015 Population Estimates. United States
United States
Census Bureau, Population Division. March 2016. Archived from the original on March 31, 2016. Retrieved April 1, 2016.  ^ "The First City". California
California
History Online. Archived from the original on February 18, 2008. Retrieved March 15, 2008.  ^ " California
California
Admission Day—September 9, 1850". California State Parks. 2007. Retrieved March 15, 2008.  ^ a b "1990 and 1980 Census
Census
Counts for Cities with 1990 Population Greater Than 100,000". United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau. Retrieved August 8, 2014. 1980: San Francisco
San Francisco
= 678974, San Jose = 629400. 1990: San Jose = 782248, San Francisco
San Francisco
= 723959  ^ Silicon Valley
Silicon Valley
Business Journal – San Jose has the Fastest-Growing Economy in California ^ "The World According to GaWC". Retrieved July 21, 2015.  ^ Hsu, T. (September 20, 2012). "America's richest cities: Census
Census
say San Jose, San Francisco". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. Retrieved August 16, 2013. ^ Glink, I. (February 22, 2013). "America's Richest Cities in 2013.". Yahoo Finance. Retrieved August 16, 2013 ^ Bass, F., Homan, T. (October 18, 2011). "Beltway Earnings Make US Capital Richer Than Silicon Valley". Bloomberg. Retrieved August 16, 2013. ^ Zeveloff, J. (February 14, 2013). "The 10 Most Expensive Cities in the United States". Daily Finance. Retrieved August 16, 2013 ^ Silicon Valley
Silicon Valley
Business Journal – San Jose Area has World's Third-Highest GDP Per Capita, Brookings Says ^ "The first US city where average homes cost over $1 million".  ^ "13th Annual Demographia International Housing Affordability Survey: 2017" (PDF).  ^ "San Jose is the most 'unaffordable' major housing market in U.S., survey says".  ^ Kate Springer. "The least affordable places to live in 2017". CNN.  ^ "The 10 most expensive cities to live in around the world in 2017".  ^ For origin, arrival and displacement based on "linguistic evidence" in 500 CE per Levy, 1978:486, also Bean, 1994:xxi (cites Levy 1978). For Shell Mound dating, F.M. Stanger 1968:4. ^ a b "Early History". National Register of Historic Places. Retrieved June 5, 2007.  ^ "Pre-History". November 4, 2013.  ^ For events of 1795–1796, Milliken, 1995:129–134 ("Mass Migration in Winter of 1794–95"). For runaways, Milliken, 1995:97 (cites Fages, 1971). ^ "Junípero Serra". California
California
History Online. California
California
Historical Society. 2000. Archived from the original on August 12, 2004. Retrieved June 20, 2007.  ^ Edward F. O'Day (October 1926). "The Founding of San Francisco". San Francisco Water. Spring Valley Water Authority. Archived from the original on July 27, 2010. Retrieved February 7, 2013.  ^ Clyde Arbuckle (1986). Clyde Arbuckle's History of San Jose. Smith McKay Printing. ISBN 978-9996625220.  ^ "Spanish Period". November 5, 2013.  ^ History San Jose – Pueblo
Pueblo
Papers ^ "Mexican Period". November 7, 2013.  ^ "1846-1869". November 7, 2013.  ^ " California
California
Capitol Museum – California
California
State Capitol History: Part 1".  ^ Clyde Arbuckle's history of San Jose (Smith & McKay, 1985), p. 27: "Therefore, unless posterity can determine the order in which the Governor signed these bills, there will always be a question as to whether San Jose, already preceded by Sacramento, was California's second, third, or fourth incorporated city." ^ George R. Stewart, The California
California
Trail: An Epic with Many Heroes ( University
University
of Nebraska Press, 1962), p. 28. ^ Ken McKowen & Dahlynn McKowen, Best of California's Missions, Mansions, and Museums (Wilderness Press, 2006), pp. 77-99. ^ First State Capitol Building, Historical Marker Database. ^ http://www.jbtcorporation.com/en/Our-Company/Our%20Legacy ^ "Agnews Insane Asylum". National Register of Historic Places. Retrieved June 7, 2007.  ^ a b c d e " California
California
– Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census
Census
to 1990". U.S. Census
Census
Bureau. Archived from the original on August 6, 2012. Retrieved April 20, 2012.  ^ "PACKING IT IN: SAN JOSE'S FINAL HARVEST VESTIGE OF VALLEY'S AGRICULTURAL PAST IS LEAVING". The Mercury News. July 25, 1999.  ^ a b "Flashback: A short political history of San Jose". San Jose State University. Archived from the original on July 7, 2008. Retrieved November 9, 2013.  ^ " BAE Systems
BAE Systems
History". Archived from the original on February 20, 2007. Retrieved November 9, 2013.  ^ Winslow, Ward (editor); The Making of Silicon Valley: a One Hundred Year Renaissance; 1995; ISBN 0-9649217-0-7 ^ City of San Jose – Memorandum, Use of the Official City Seal and the Bicentennial Logo, April 5, 1979 (on file at the San Jose City Clerk's Office) ^ City of San José Style Guide (PDF). City of San José. July 2000. p. 21. Retrieved February 5, 2017.  ^ "Council Memo Format Guidelines" (PDF). San José Public Works Department. August 2016. p. 15. Retrieved February 5, 2017.  ^ "City Charter – City of San José". Sanjoseca.gov. Archived from the original on June 17, 2010. Retrieved July 1, 2010.  ^ "San Jose CA, Official website". Retrieved February 6, 2014.  ^ "San Jose case study, part one: the urban-growth boundary". Thoreau Institute. Retrieved June 7, 2007.  ^ "Building Permit History, 1980–2006". City of San Jose. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved June 7, 2007.  ^ R. E. Holdsworth; Strachan, R. A.; Magloughlin, J.; Knipe, R. J. (2001). The Nature and Tectonic Significance of Fault Zone Weakening. Geological Society of London. p. 15. ISBN 978-1-86239-090-4.  ^ a b Safford, Pat (November 17, 2010). "The legacy of Dutch Hamann plagues Cambrian residents, Annexation Background" (PDF). Campbell Express. 59 (45). p. 1. Retrieved November 9, 2013.  ^ Don Mccormack (July 16, 1995). "San Jose: Reality, not reputation". SFGate. Retrieved July 8, 2013.  ^ Sachs, Aaron (January–February 1999). "Virtual Ecology – A Brief Environmental History of Silicon Valley" (PDF). World-Watch. Worldwatch.org. p. 15. Retrieved November 9, 2013.  ^ "Dutch Hamann – Part One". San Jose Inside. January 16, 2006. Retrieved July 8, 2013.  ^ "Dutch Hamann – Part Two". San Jose Inside. January 16, 2006. Retrieved July 8, 2013.  ^ David Crimp, Leda Patmore, C. Michael Hogan, Harry Seidman and Vivian Paparigian prepared by Earth Metrics Inc. (1976). Final Environmental Impact Report, Almaden Quicksilver Park (Report). Santa Clara County Parks and Recreation Department. CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link) ^ "Sinking State". San Francisco
San Francisco
State University. April 1996. Archived from the original on April 15, 2012. Retrieved November 9, 2013.  ^ Eastern Region Geography, Information Services (April 29, 2005). "Elevations and Distances". Egsc.usgs.gov. Retrieved October 21, 2014.  ^ San Jose City Council, (March 1, 1983). "Outdoor lighting on private developments" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on July 2, 2006. Retrieved June 18, 2007.  ^ "UCSC, Lick Observatory
Lick Observatory
designate asteroid for the city of San Jose". University
University
of California, Santa Cruz. May 25, 1998. Archived from the original on August 17, 2007. Retrieved June 18, 2007.  ^ Miguel Miller. "Climate of San Jose". National Weather Service. Retrieved June 18, 2007.  ^ "San Jose Month Weather". AccuWeather. Archived from the original on November 17, 2011.  ^ "Station Name: CA SAN JOSE". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 12, 2013.  ^ "NOWData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 2, 2015.  ^ "title"[permanent dead link] San Francisco
San Francisco
Chronicle, August 22, 1968.[dead link] ^ "Monthly Total Snowfall (Inches)". Western Regional Climate Center. July 24, 2006. Retrieved June 12, 2013.  ^ "Alum Rock Park" City of San Jose. Retrieved on July 9, 2013. ^ "2013 ParkScore Rankings "The Trust for Public Land" Retrieved on July 9, 2013. ^ "Monopoly in the Park". www.monopolyinthepark.com. Retrieved December 23, 2015.  ^ "Emma Prusch Farm Park". Parks, Recreation & Neighborhood Services. City of San Jose. Archived from the original on March 10, 2005. Retrieved November 9, 2013.  ^ "Field Sports Park". sccgov.org. Retrieved June 18, 2014.  ^ "2011 City and Neighborhood Rankings". Walk Score. 2011. Retrieved August 28, 2011.  ^ "Network Status Table" (PDF). City of San Jose. January 30, 2008. Retrieved March 31, 2008.  ^ Leidy, R.A., G.S. Becker, B.N. Harvey (2005). "Historical distribution and current status of steelhead/rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in streams of the San Francisco
San Francisco
Estuary, California" (PDF). Center for Ecosystem Management and Restoration, Oakland, CA. Retrieved October 21, 2012. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ^ "Chinook Salmon". NOAA's National Marine Fisheries Service – Salmon Populations – Chinook. Retrieved September 13, 2010. [not in citation given] ^ "Sensitive Fish Species in the Santa Cruz Mountains
Santa Cruz Mountains
Bioregion". Santa Cruz Mountains
Santa Cruz Mountains
Bioregional Council. 2004. Archived from the original on June 29, 2010. Retrieved October 21, 2012.  ^ Greg Kerekes (November 14, 2011). "Guadalupe River King Salmon Spawn under Julian Street bridge, Fall, 2011". Retrieved October 21, 2012.  ^ "Coyote Valley vital as wildlife corridor". SFGate. Retrieved 2017-11-09.  ^ " Census
Census
of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.  ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Archived from the original on May 23, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.  ^ "San Jose (city), California". State & County QuickFacts. U.S. Census
Census
Bureau.  ^ a b From 15% sample ^ "2010 Census
Census
Interactive Population Search: CA – San Jose city". U.S. Census
Census
Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014.  ^ "San Jose (city), California". State & County QuickFacts. U.S. Census
Census
Bureau. Retrieved April 20, 2012.  ^ "American FactFinder". United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.  ^ "San Jose, California: Earnings in the Past 12 Months (In 2007 Inflation-Adjusted Dollars)". U.S. Fact Finder. U.S. Census
Census
Bureau. Archived from the original on November 24, 2011.  ^ "The Ten Most and Least Expensive Urban Areas in the ACCRA Cost of Living Index (COLI) – Second Quarter 2004". FEDC.com. Archived from the original on September 9, 2004. Retrieved November 9, 2013.  ^ "San Jose – Accolades". "America's Most Livable Communities" (Partners for Livable Communities, Washington, DC). Archived from the original on February 26, 2011. Retrieved April 7, 2008.  ^ "San Jose, Capital of Silicon Valley: #1 Community for Innovators in U.S." City of San Jose. March 27, 2008. Archived from the original on March 2, 2004. Retrieved April 7, 2008.  ^ "San Jose, CA - Official Website - Foreign Trade Zone". www.sanjoseca.gov.  ^ Samsung
Samsung
America headquarters (DS). NBBJ. Retrieved on July 21, 2013. ^ " Samsung
Samsung
Semiconductor". www.samsung.com.  ^ "Fact Sheet: Community Profile: Employment and Employers" (PDF). City of San Jose. May 10, 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 4, 2011. Retrieved March 14, 2011.  ^ "Acer – Contact Us". Acer America. Retrieved November 10, 2013.  ^ "Contact netcom". Netcom. Archived from the original on April 27, 1999. Retrieved September 7, 2010.  ^ Helm, Leslie (March 25, 1997). "Financial Desk – Netcom to Set Time Limits on Internet Use;". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. p. D1. Retrieved September 7, 2010 – via PQArchiver. Charting a new direction for money-losing Internet service providers, San Jose-based Netcom On-Line Communications Services...  ^ "Apple sets stage for San Jose campus with 15,000 workers". www.mercurynews.com. Retrieved October 23, 2015.  ^ Brown, Eliot. "Tech Firms Spy New Bay Area Frontier: Oakland". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved October 23, 2015.  ^ a b "America's most livable:San Jose, California". Archived from the original on November 6, 2006. Retrieved November 9, 2013.  ^ "San Jose: U.S. satellite Patent Office opens". The Mercury News.  ^ " Silicon Valley
Silicon Valley
U.S. Patent and Trademark Office". www.uspto.gov.  ^ "The Happiest And Unhappiest Cities To Work In Right Now". Forbes. Retrieved January 19, 2014.  ^ http://www.wickedlyfastwifi.com/ ^ "Wickedly Fast Wi-Fi Network sweeps into Downtown San Jose". December 27, 2013.  ^ Digital/HDTV Television Channel List – SF Bay Area. Choisser.com. Retrieved on April 14, 2011. ^ Marty Cheek. "KQW Radio, San Jose". Bay Area Radio Museum. Retrieved June 18, 2007.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 7, 2016. Retrieved August 15, 2016.  ^ "Staff Review Agenda" (PDF). City of San Jose. November 15, 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 28, 2008. Retrieved May 5, 2008.  ^ "Development Services". City of San Jose. February 6, 2006. Archived from the original on April 2, 2008. Retrieved May 5, 2008.  ^ "San Jose Downtown Historic District". National Park Service. Retrieved May 5, 2008.  ^ "Green Building Policy". April 10, 2007. Archived from the original on April 1, 2008. Retrieved May 5, 2008.  ^ Yoders, Jeff (November 1, 2005). "San Jose's Richard Meier-designed city hall: To Leed, or Not to Leed". Building Design and Construction. Archived from the original on August 10, 2009. Retrieved November 9, 2013.  ^ Buena Vista Neighborhood Association (February 21, 2012). "Photos of homes in San Jose, California, then and now". Retrieved August 16, 2014.  ^ Mary Gottschalk / San Jose Mercury News
San Jose Mercury News
(August 26, 2010). "Julia Morgan-designed mansion on The Alameda in San Jose will soon become office space". Retrieved June 12, 2015.  ^ "2006–2007 Proposed Capital Budget" (PDF). City of San Jose. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 22, 2006.  ^ Herhold, Scott (February 2, 2011). "Herhold: I'll miss the red eyes of San Jose's plumed serpent". San Jose Mercury News. Retrieved April 15, 2011.  ^ "Fallon statue unveiled". Silicon Valley/San Jose Business Journal. September 20, 2002. Retrieved June 18, 2007.  ^ Jim LaFrenere. "Chicago cows on parade exhibit". Chicagotraveler.com. Retrieved July 1, 2010.  ^ Chris Salter; Sellars, Peter (2010). Entangled: Technology and the Transformation of Performance. The MIT Press. p. 342. ISBN 978-0-262-19588-1.  --via Google
Google
Books. ^ "San José Semaphore – 2006 Contest – Past Contest – How the code was cracked". Adobe.com. Archived from the original on October 21, 2012. Retrieved November 10, 2013.  ^ "Decoding the San Jose Semaphore" (PDF). Ear Studio. August 14, 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 4, 2012. Retrieved November 9, 2013.  ^ "ABOUT CMT San Jose". Cmtsj.org. Retrieved July 8, 2013.  ^ "San Jose Museum of Art". San Jose Museum of Art. Retrieved July 1, 2010.  ^ Weimers, Leigh (October 29, 2004). "Who needs the Sharks? HP Pavilion thriving". Archived from the original on March 9, 2005. Retrieved November 9, 2013.  ^ "Section 5-1: Downtown Theater Update". San Jose Redevelopment.[dead link] ^ "How the A's ballpark plans stack up". San Jose Mercury News. Retrieved August 18, 2013.  ^ http://www.cpmlegal.com/media/news/139_2013-06-18_COMPLAINT__WITH%20EXHIBITS_.pdf ^ "San Jose takes big swing at Major League Baseball". Archived from the original on June 24, 2013. Retrieved October 17, 2014.  ^ "U.S. Supreme Court rejects San Jose's bid to lure Oakland A's". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved October 5, 2015.  ^ Bruce Newman (July 24, 2008). "Unseen Heroes: Olympians in 'lockdown' at SJSU on way to Beijing". San Jose Mercury News. Retrieved July 29, 2008.  ^ " San Jose State Spartans
San Jose State Spartans
Team History". sjsuhockey.net. 2010. Retrieved May 4, 2010.  ^ "List of California
California
Charter Cities". The California
California
Planners' Book of Lists. California
California
Governor's Office of Planning and Research. 1999. Archived from the original on February 8, 2007. Retrieved June 9, 2007.  ^ a b c "San Jose City Charter". Sanjoseca.gov. Archived from the original on January 12, 2010. Retrieved July 1, 2010.  ^ "Local Agency Formation Commission". Santaclara.lafco.ca.gov. Retrieved July 1, 2010.  ^ "Charter of the County of Santa Clara, Article 101" (PDF). Santa Clara County. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 6, 2007. Retrieved February 16, 2008.  ^ "County of Santa Clara Contacts". Retrieved February 16, 2008.  ^ "Communities of Interest – City". California
California
Citizens Redistricting Commission. Retrieved September 27, 2014.  ^ "California's 17th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 13, 2013.  ^ "Courts of Appeal: Sixth District San Jose". California
California
State Courts. Retrieved February 16, 2008.  ^ "Court Info: San Jose". United States
United States
District Court for the Northern California
California
District. Archived from the original on February 11, 2008. Retrieved February 16, 2008.  ^ "San Jose crime rate surpasses U.S. average, arrests plummet".  ^ a b "FBI Uniform Crime Reports".  ^ "Gunshots, silence, grisly discovery mark San Jose's first homicide of 2014". mercurynews.com. January 3, 2014.  ^ "Best Colleges 2010". U.S. News and World Report. Retrieved February 19, 2010.  ^ " Western Seminary San Jose Campus". www.westernseminary.edu. Retrieved November 26, 2013.  ^ "National Hispanic University". National Hispanic University. Retrieved May 19, 2017.  ^ "Schools". Roman Catholic Diocese of San Jose in California. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved June 18, 2007.  ^ "Liberty Baptist
Baptist
School- Christian School, San Jose, CA". Christianschoolsanjose.org. Retrieved January 19, 2014.  ^ "Apostles Lutheran High School".  ^ SJ Library MLK History of the King Library (Mentions joint university/city status, collection size and size of construction project.) ^ Locations page at SJ Library site (See BL article for its references.) ^ "Bond Projects for Branch Libraries page at the SJ Library site". Sjlibrary.org. Archived from the original on June 13, 2010. Retrieved July 1, 2010.  ^ San Jose 2003–2004 Annual Report Archived May 14, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. "In 2004, San José Public Library
San José Public Library
and San José State University
University
Library were jointly named Library of the Year by the Library Journal." ^ Goll, David (March 13, 2009). "BART-San Jose planners in it for the long haul". San Jose Business Journal. Retrieved March 13, 2009.  ^ "AIBRA – Find a Station". Retrieved May 2, 2015.  ^ Silicon Valley
Silicon Valley
Business Journal – SFO what? San Jose's SJC flies to the top of rankings as America's best-run airport ^ "Assembly Concurrent Resolution No. 102 – Joe Colla Interchange". California
California
State Legislature. August 30, 2010. Retrieved November 10, 2013.  ^ "Sister City Program". The City of San Jose. Retrieved March 19, 2014.  ^ "Pacific Neighbors San Jose Sister Cities Program".  ^ "San-Jose– Dublin
Dublin
Sister City Program".  ^ "Sister City, Pune, India – San Jose, CA". Retrieved February 17, 2013.  ^ "San Jose and Pune
Pune
Celebrate Sister City Relationship With India National Independence Day Flag Raising". Retrieved February 17, 2013.  ^ "San Jose Sister Cities". Retrieved February 17, 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

Beilharz, Edwin A.; and DeMers Jr., Donald O.; San Jose: California's First City; 1980, ISBN 0-932986-13-7 The California
California
Room, the San Jose Library's collection of research materials on the history of San Jose and Santa Clara Valley.

External links[edit]

Find more aboutSan Joseat's sister projects

Definitions from Wiktionary Media from Wikimedia Commons News from Wikinews Quotations from Wikiquote Texts from Wikisource Textbooks from Wikibooks Travel guide from Wikivoyage Learning resources from Wikiversity

Official website Visit San Jose, official tourism website Silicon Valley
Silicon Valley
Organization, San Jose's chamber of commerce San Jose at Curlie (based on DMOZ) Santa Clara County: California's Historic Silicon Valley, National Park Service

v t e

San Jose, California

Landmarks

Alum Rock Park Cathedral Basilica of St. Joseph City Hall Hotel De Anza Downtown Historic District Diridon Station Flea Market Hayes Mansion Hotel Sainte Claire Norman Y. Mineta Memorial International Airport Peralta Adobe Hellyer Park Velodrome

Economy

Adobe Systems Altera Brocade Communications
Brocade Communications
Systems Cadence Design Systems Cisco
Cisco
Systems eBay Sanmina-SCI Xilinx

Education

Colleges and universities

San Jose State University Evergreen Valley College San Jose City College

Primary and secondary school districts

Alum Rock UESD Berryessa USD Cambrian SD Evergreen ESD Oak Grove SD San Jose USD Santa Clara USD Campbell UHSD East Side UHSD

Private primary and secondary schools

Archbishop Mitty High School Bellarmine College Preparatory Cambrian Academy Harker School Liberty Baptist
Baptist
School Presentation High School Thomas More School Valley Christian High School

Other schools

San Francisco
San Francisco
Japanese School

Other

History

Timeline

People Mayors City Council Police Public Library Sharks Fire Mercury News

Silicon Valley San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay
Area State of California United States

v t e

Silicon Valley

Cities

Campbell Cupertino East Palo Alto Fremont Los Altos Los Altos Hills Los Gatos Menlo Park Milpitas Morgan Hill Mountain View Newark Palo Alto Redwood City San Jose San Mateo Santa Clara Saratoga Sunnyvale

Colleges and universities

Carnegie Mellon Silicon Valley Cogswell Polytechnical College De Anza College Evergreen Valley College Foothill College International Technological University Menlo College Mission College Ohlone
Ohlone
College Silicon Valley
Silicon Valley
Technical Institute National Hispanic University Northwestern Polytechnic University San Jose City College San Jose State University Silicon Valley
Silicon Valley
University Santa Clara University Stanford University University
University
of California, Berkeley University
University
of California, Santa Cruz

Companies (including subsidiaries and defunct companies)

3Com Access Systems Americas Actuate Adaptec Adobe Systems AMD Agilent Technologies Altera Amdahl Ampex Apple Inc. Applied Materials Aricent Asus Atari Atmel Avaya BEA Systems Brocade BusinessObjects Capcom Cisco
Cisco
Systems Computer Literacy Bookshops Cypress Semiconductor eBay Electronic Arts Facebook Foundry Networks Fry's Electronics Fujitsu Gaia Online Geeknet Google Hewlett-Packard HGST IETF Intel Internet Systems Consortium Intuit Juniper Networks Knight Ridder LinkedIn Logitech LSI Corporation Magellan Navigation Marvell Technology Group Maxtor McAfee Memorex Microsoft Mozilla Corporation National Semiconductor Netscape NetApp Netflix NeXT Nintendo of America Nortel Nvidia Opera Software OPPO Digital Oracle Corporation Palm, Inc. Palo Alto Networks PayPal Pinterest Playdom Rambus Redback Networks Reputation.com SAP SE SanDisk Silicon Graphics Silicon Image Solectron Sony Interactive Entertainment SRI International Sun Microsystems Symantec Symyx Taligent Tesla, Inc. TiVo Uber Verisign Veritas Technologies VMware WebEx WhatsApp Xilinx Yahoo!

Articles related to San Jose

v t e

Neighborhoods of San Jose, California

North San Jose

Alviso Berryessa North San Jose Innovation District North Valley

Central

The Alameda Buena Vista Chinatown College Park Downtown San Jose
Downtown San Jose
(Historic District • San Pedro Square
San Pedro Square
• SoFA District) Japantown Luna Park Naglee Park Palm Haven Rose Garden St. Leo's Shasta-Hanchett Park Midtown San Jose West San Carlos Willow Glen

West San Jose

West Valley Burbank Cambrian Park Santana Row Winchester

East San Jose

Alum Rock East Foothills Evergreen King and Story Little Portugal Meadowfair

South San Jose

Almaden Valley Blossom Valley Coyote Valley Santa Teresa Silver Creek Valley Edenvale Seven Trees

Silicon Valley
Silicon Valley
Santa Clara County
Santa Clara County
San Francisco Bay Area
San Francisco Bay Area
• State of California
California
• United States

v t e

San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay
Area

Bodies of water

Bodega Bay Carquinez Strait Clifton Forebay Golden Gate Grizzly Bay Guadalupe River Half Moon Bay Lake Berryessa Napa River Oakland Estuary Petaluma River Richardson Bay Richmond Inner Harbor Russian River Sacramento
Sacramento
River San Francisco
San Francisco
Bay San Leandro Bay San Pablo Bay Sonoma Creek Suisun Bay Tomales Bay

Counties

Alameda Contra Costa Marin Napa San Francisco San Mateo Santa Clara Solano Sonoma

Major cities

San Jose San Francisco Oakland

Cities and towns 100k–250k

Antioch Berkeley Concord Daly City Fairfield Fremont Hayward Richmond Santa Clara Santa Rosa Sunnyvale Vallejo

Cities and towns 50k–99k

Alameda Brentwood Castro Valley Cupertino Livermore Milpitas Mountain View Napa Novato Palo Alto Petaluma Pittsburg Pleasanton Redwood City San Leandro San Mateo San Rafael San Ramon South San Francisco Union City Vacaville Walnut Creek

Cities and towns 25k-50k

Belmont Benicia Burlingame Campbell Danville Dublin East Palo Alto Foster City Gilroy Los Altos Los Gatos Martinez Menlo Park Morgan Hill Newark Oakley Pacifica Pleasant Hill Rohnert Park San Bruno San Carlos San Pablo Saratoga Suisun City Windsor

Cities and towns 10k–25k

Alamo Albany American Canyon Ashland Bay Point Cherryland Clayton Discovery Bay Dixon El Cerrito El Sobrante Emeryville Fairview Half Moon Bay Healdsburg Hercules Hillsborough Lafayette Larkspur Millbrae Mill Valley Moraga North Fair Oaks Orinda Piedmont Pinole San Anselmo San Lorenzo Sonoma Stanford Tamalpais-Homestead Valley

Sub-regions

East Bay North Bay San Francisco
San Francisco
Peninsula Silicon Valley South Bay

Politics Sports Transportation

v t e

 State of California

Sacramento
Sacramento
(capital)

Topics

Culture

Food Music Myth Sports

Demographics Earthquakes Economy Education Environment Geography

Climate Ecology Flora Fauna

Government

Capitol Districts Governor Legislature Supreme Court

Healthcare History Law National Historic Landmarks National Natural Landmarks NRHP listings Politics

Congressional delegations Elections

People Protected areas

State Parks State Historic Landmarks

Symbols Transportation Water Index of articles

Regions

Antelope Valley Big Sur California
California
Coast Ranges Cascade Range Central California Central Coast Central Valley Channel Islands Coachella Valley Coastal California Conejo Valley Cucamonga Valley Death Valley East Bay (SF Bay Area) East County (SD) Eastern California Emerald Triangle Gold Country Great Basin Greater San Bernardino Inland Empire Klamath Basin Lake Tahoe Greater Los Angeles Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Basin Lost Coast Mojave Desert Mountain Empire North Bay (SF) North Coast North Coast (SD) Northern California Owens Valley Oxnard Plain Peninsular Ranges Pomona Valley Sacramento
Sacramento
Valley Salinas Valley San Fernando Valley San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay
Area San Francisco
San Francisco
Peninsula San Gabriel Valley San Joaquin Valley Santa Clara Valley Santa Clara River Valley Santa Clarita Valley Santa Ynez Valley Shasta Cascade Sierra Nevada Silicon Valley South Bay (LA) South Bay (SD) South Bay (SF) South Coast Southern Border Region Southern California Transverse Ranges Tri-Valley Victor Valley Wine Country

Metro regions

Metropolitan Fresno Los Angeles
Los Angeles
metropolitan area Greater Sacramento San Bernardino-Riverside metropolitan area San Francisco
San Francisco
metropolitan area San Diego–Tijuana

Counties

Alameda Alpine Amador Butte Calaveras Colusa Contra Costa Del Norte El Dorado Fresno Glenn Humboldt Imperial Inyo Kern Kings Lake Lassen Los Angeles Madera Marin Mariposa Mendocino Merced Modoc Mono Monterey Napa Nevada Orange Placer Plumas Riverside Sacramento San Benito San Bernardino San Diego San Francisco San Joaquin San Luis Obispo San Mateo Santa Barbara Santa Clara Santa Cruz Shasta Sierra Siskiyou Solano Sonoma Stanislaus Sutter Tehama Trinity Tulare Tuolumne Ventura Yolo Yuba

Most populous cities

Los Angeles San Diego San Jose San Francisco Fresno Sacramento Long Beach Oakland Bakersfield Anaheim

v t e

California
California
county seats

Consolidated city-county

San Francisco

Municipalities

Alturas Auburn Bakersfield Colusa Crescent City El Centro Eureka Fairfield Fresno Hanford Hollister Jackson Lakeport Los Angeles Madera Martinez Marysville Merced Modesto Napa Nevada City Oakland Oroville Placerville Red Bluff Redding Redwood City Riverside Sacramento Salinas San Bernardino San Diego San Jose San Luis Obispo San Rafael Santa Ana Santa Barbara Santa Cruz Santa Rosa Sonora Stockton Susanville Ukiah Ventura Visalia Willows Woodland Yreka Yuba City

CDPs

Bridgeport Downieville Independence Mariposa Markleeville Quincy San Andreas Weaverville

v t e

San Jose and Silicon Valley
Silicon Valley
attractions

Arboreta / Gardens

Arizona Cactus Garden Chinese Cultural Garden Emma Prusch Farm Park Hakone Gardens Hollyhill Hummingbird Farm Japanese Friendship Garden Overfelt Gardens SJ Municipal Rose Garden Stanford Arboretum Villa Montalvo Arboretum

Cultural

American Musical Theatre of SJ Ballet San Jose Cathedral Basilica of St. Joseph Choral Project De Saisset Museum Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Library Gurdwara Sahib Ira F. Brilliant Center for Beethoven Studies Mexican Heritage Plaza Montalvo Arts Center

Villa Montalvo

Opera San José SJ City Hall SJ Flea Market SJ Improv SJ Museum of Art SJ Rep Theatre sjDANCEco Symphony Silicon Valley Triton Museum of Art Viet Museum Vivace Youth Chorus

Event venues

Avaya
Avaya
Stadium CEFCU Stadium City National Civic Levi's Stadium PAL Stadium San Jose Center for the Performing Arts SAP Center at San Jose SC Convention Center Shoreline Amphitheatre SJ Convention Center SJ Municipal Stadium SJSU Event Center Arena Stevens Stadium

Events

BayCon Cinequest Film Festival FanimeCon Further Confusion LiveStrong Challenge SJ Holiday Parade SJ Jazz Festival Silicon Valley
Silicon Valley
Comic Con Stanford Jazz Festival Christmas in the Park

Historical

Circle of Palms Hotel De Anza Hangar One History Park at Kelley Park HP Garage Japanese American
Japanese American
Museum New Almaden Peralta Adobe Portuguese Historical Museum Rengstorff House Rosicrucian Egyptian Museum SJ Museum of Quilts & Textiles Winchester Mystery House

Parks / Trails

Almaden Quicksilver County Park Alum Rock Park Anderson Lake Bay Area Ridge Trail Calero Reservoir Castle Rock State Park Coyote–Bear Park Ed Levin Park Grant Ranch County Park Guadalupe River Trail Henry W. Coe State Park Kelley Park Lake Cunningham Los Alamitos Creek
Alamitos Creek
Trail Los Gatos Creek Trail Plaza
Plaza
de César Chávez Rancho San Antonio Rosicrucian Park Sanborn County Park SF Bay Trail Shoreline Park Stevens Creek Trail Uvas Canyon Uvas Creek Preserve Uvas Reservoir Vasona Park

Science / Tech / Education

Children's Discovery Museum Computer History Museum Googleplex Intel
Intel
Museum Lick Observatory NASA Ames Exploration Center SJSU SCU Stanford The Tech Museum of Innovation

Shopping

Eastridge Great Mall Oakridge PruneYard San Antonio Santana Row Stanford Vallco Valley Fair Westgate

Theme parks and tours

Billy Jones Wildcat Railroad California's Great America Gilroy Gardens Happy Hollow Park & Zoo Raging Waters

Vineyards / Wineries

Byington Vineyard J Lohr Vineyards and Wines Mountain Winery Picchetti Brothers Winery Savannah–Chanelle Vineyards

v t e

Municipalities and communities of Santa Clara County, California, United States

County seat: San Jose

Cities and towns

Campbell Cupertino Gilroy Los Altos Los Altos Hills Los Gatos Milpitas Monte Sereno Morgan Hill Mountain View Palo Alto San Jose Santa Clara Saratoga Sunnyvale

CDPs

Alum Rock Burbank Cambrian Park East Foothills Fruitdale Lexington Hills Loyola San Martin Stanford

Unincorporated communities

Ashrama Bell Station Casa Loma Chemeketa Park Coyote Holy City Loma Chiquita Mountain Home New Almaden Old Gilroy Redwood Estates Rucker San Antonio Valley Sargent Sveadal

CCDs

Diablo Range Lexington Hills Llagas-Uvas South Santa Clara Valley West Santa Clara

Ghost towns

Alma Lexington Patchen Wrights

v t e

The 100 most populous metropolitan statistical areas of the United States of America

   

New York, NY Los Angeles, CA Chicago, IL Dallas, TX Houston, TX Washington, DC Philadelphia, PA Miami, FL Atlanta, GA Boston, MA San Francisco, CA Phoenix, AZ Riverside-San Bernardino, CA Detroit, MI Seattle, WA Minneapolis, MN San Diego, CA Tampa, FL Denver, CO St. Louis, MO

Baltimore, MD Charlotte, NC San Juan, PR Orlando, FL San Antonio, TX Portland, OR Pittsburgh, PA Sacramento, CA Cincinnati, OH Las Vegas, NV Kansas City, MO Austin, TX Columbus, OH Cleveland, OH Indianapolis, IN San Jose, CA Nashville, TN Virginia Beach, VA Providence, RI Milwaukee, WI

Jacksonville, FL Memphis, TN Oklahoma City, OK Louisville, KY Richmond, VA New Orleans, LA Hartford, CT Raleigh, NC Birmingham, AL Buffalo, NY Salt Lake City, UT Rochester, NY Grand Rapids, MI Tucson, AZ Honolulu, HI Tulsa, OK Fresno, CA Bridgeport, CT Worcester, MA Albuquerque, NM

Omaha, NE Albany, NY New Haven, CT Bakersfield, CA Knoxville, TN Greenville, SC Oxnard, CA El Paso, TX Allentown, PA Baton Rouge, LA McAllen, TX Dayton, OH Columbia, SC Greensboro, NC Sarasota, FL Little Rock, AR Stockton, CA Akron, OH Charleston, SC Colorado Springs, CO

Syracuse, NY Winston-Salem, NC Cape Coral, FL Boise, ID Wichita, KS Springfield, MA Madison, WI Lakeland, FL Ogden, UT Toledo, OH Deltona, FL Des Moines, IA Jackson, MS Augusta, GA Scranton, PA Youngstown, OH Harrisburg, PA Provo, UT Palm Bay, FL Chattanooga, TN

United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau population estimates for July 1, 2012

v t e

Mayors of cities with populations exceeding 100,000 in California

Eric Garcetti (Los Angeles) Kevin Faulconer (San Diego) Sam Liccardo (San Jose) Mark Farrell (San Francisco) Lee Brand (Fresno) Darrell Steinberg (Sacramento) Robert Garcia (Long Beach) Libby Schaaf (Oakland) Karen Goh (Bakersfield) Tom Tait (Anaheim) Miguel A. Pulido (Santa Ana) Rusty Bailey (Riverside) Anthony Silva (Stockton) Mary Salas (Chula Vista) Don Wagner (Irvine) Lily Mei (Fremont) R. Carey Davis (San Bernardino) Garrad Marsh (Modesto) Acquanetta Warren (Fontana) Tim Flynn (Oxnard) Jesse Molina (Moreno Valley)* Mike Posey (Huntington Beach)* Paula Devine (Glendale)* Marsha McLean (Santa Clarita)* Jim Wood (Oceanside) Steven R. Jones (Garden Grove) L. Dennis Michael (Rancho Cucamonga) John Sawyer (Santa Rosa)* Paul S. Leon (Ontario) Gary Davis (Elk Grove) Eugene Montanez (Corona)* R. Rex Parris (Lancaster) James C. Ledford Jr. (Palmdale) Barbara Halliday (Hayward) Joe Gunter (Salinas) Elliot Rothman (Pomona) Jim Griffith (Sunnyvale) Sam Abed (Escondido) Patrick J. Furey (Torrance) Terry Tornek (Pasadena) Teresa Smith (Orange) Greg Sebourn (Fullerton)* Carol Garcia (Roseville) Steve Nelsen (Visalia) Al Adam (Thousand Oaks)* Edi E. Birsan (Concord)* Bob Huber (Simi Valley) Jamie L. Matthews (Santa Clara) Gloria Garcia (Victorville) Bob Sampayan (Vallejo) Jesse Arreguín (Berkeley) Andre Quintero (El Monte) Luis H. Marquez (Downey)* Matt Hall (Carlsbad) Stephen Mensinger (Costa Mesa)* Harry T. Price (Fairfield) Jeff Comerchero (Temecula) James T. Butts Jr. (Inglewood) Wade Harper (Antioch) Harry Ramos (Murrieta) Cheryl Heitmann (Ventura)* Tom Butt (Richmond) Fredrick Sykes (West Covina)* Luigi Vernola (Norwalk)* Raymond A. Buenaventura (Daly City) Bob Frutos (Burbank)* Alice Patino (Santa Maria) Nathan Magsig (Clovis)* Bill Wells (El Cajon) Maureen Freschet (San Mateo)* Judy Ritter (Vista) Brad Hancock (Jurupa Valley)

^* Mayor selected from city council

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 139544428 ISNI: 0000 0004 0638 8448 GND: 4051522-9 BNF:

.