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The Samyutta
Samyutta
Nikaya
Nikaya
(Saṃyutta Nikāya SN, "Connected Discourses" or "Kindred Sayings") is a Buddhist scripture, the third of the five nikayas, or collections, in the Sutta Pitaka, which is one of the "three baskets" that compose the Pali
Pali
Tipitaka
Tipitaka
of Theravada
Theravada
Buddhism. Because of the abbreviated way parts of the text are written, the total number of suttas is unclear. The editor of the Pali
Pali
Text Society edition of the text made it 2889, Bodhi
Bodhi
in his translation has 2904, while the commentaries give 7762. A study by Rupert Gethin[1] gives the totals for the Burmese and Sinhalese editions as 2854 and 7656, respectively, and his own calculation as 6696; he also says the total in the Thai edition is unclear. The suttas are grouped into five vaggas, or sections. Each vagga is further divided into samyuttas, or chapters, each of which in turn contains a group of suttas on a related topic.

Contents

1 Correspondence with the Saṃyukta Āgama 2 Translations

2.1 Selections

3 Divisions 4 See also 5 Notes 6 Bibliography 7 External links

Correspondence with the Saṃyukta Āgama[edit] The Samyutta
Samyutta
Nikaya
Nikaya
corresponds to the Saṃyukta Āgama found in the Sutra
Sutra
Pitikas of various Sanskritic early Buddhists schools, fragments of which survive in Sanskrit
Sanskrit
and in Tibetan translation. A complete Chinese translation from the Sarvāstivādin recension appears in the Chinese Buddhist canon, where it is known as the Zá Ahánjīng (雜阿含經); meaning "the mixed agama". A comparison of the Sarvāstivādin, Kāśyapīya, and Theravadin texts reveals a considerable consistency of content, although each recension contains sutras/suttas not found in the others.[2] The Collation and Annotation of Saṃyuktāgama[3] (《<雜阿含經>校釋》,Chinese version) makes further comparison. Bhikku Sujato, a contemporary scholar monk, argues that the remarkable congruence of the various recensions suggests that the Samyutta Nikaya/Saṃyukta Āgama was the only collection to be finalized in terms of both structure and content in the pre-sectarian period.[4] Translations[edit]

The Book of the Kindred Sayings, tr C. A. F. Rhys Davids & F. L. Woodward, 1917–30, 5 volumes, Bristol: Pali
Pali
Text Society The Connected Discourses of the Buddha, tr Bhikkhu
Bhikkhu
Bodhi, 2000, Wisdom Publications, Somerville, MA, ISBN 0-86171-331-1; the Pali
Pali
Text Society also issues a private edition of this for members only, which is its preferred translation

Selections[edit]

anthology published by Buddhist Publication Society, Kandy, Sri Lanka[5] Nidana Samyutta, published in Burma; reprinted Sri Satguru, Delhi

Divisions[edit] The vaggas contained in this nikaya are (the numbering of chapters [samyuttas] here refers to the PTS and Burmese editions; the Sinhalese[6] and Thai editions divide the text up somewhat differently): Part I. Sagatha-vagga (SN chapters 1-11)

a collection of suttas containing verses (Pali, sagatha), many shared by other parts of the Pali canon
Pali canon
such as the Theragatha, Therigatha, Suttanipata, Dhammapada
Dhammapada
and the Jatakas.[7]

Part II. Nidana-vagga (SN chapters 12-21)

a collection of suttas primarily pertaining to causation (Pali, nidana).

Part III. Khandha-vagga (SN chapters 22-34)

a collection of suttas primarily pertaining to the five aggregates (Pali, khandha).

Part IV. Salayatana-vagga (SN chapters 35-44)

a collection of suttas primarily pertaining to the six sense bases (Pali, salayatana), including the "Fire Sermon" (Adittapariyaya Sutta).

37 DHAMMĀ of ENLIGHTENMENT

  4 satipaṭṭhāna  

  4 Efforts 4 Bases  

5 Faculties 5 Powers

  7 Factors   

  8 Path Factors  

view talk edit

Part V. Maha-vagga (SN chapters 45-56)

the largest – that is, great (Pali, maha) – collection consists of the following chapters:

Ch 45. the Noble Eightfold Path Ch 46. the Seven Factors of Enlightenment Ch 47. the Four Establishment of Mindfulness Ch 48. the Faculties Ch 49. the Four Right Striving Ch 50. the Five Powers Ch 51. the Four Bases for Spiritual Power[8] Ch 52. Anuruddha
Anuruddha
discourses Ch 53. the Jhanas Ch 54. Mindfulness of Breathing Ch 55. Factors of Stream-entry Ch 56. the Truths

See also[edit]

Anguttara Nikaya Buddhist texts Digha Nikaya Khuddaka Nikaya List of Samyutta
Samyutta
Nikaya
Nikaya
suttas List of suttas Majjhima Nikaya

Notes[edit]

^ Journal of the Pali
Pali
Text Society, volume XXIX, pages 369, 381 ^ A Dictionary of Buddhism, by Damien Keown, Oxford University Press: 2004 ^ The Collation and Annotation of Saṃyuktāgama, by Wang Jianwei and Jin Hui, East China Normal University Press: 2014 ^ Bhikku Sujato, A History of Mindfulness: How Insight Worsted Tranquility in the Satipatthana
Satipatthana
Sutta pgs 31, 37-52 ^ The BPS anthology was published in three parts, edited by John D. Ireland (1981), Bhikkhu
Bhikkhu
Ñanananda (1983) and Maurice O'C. Walshe (1985). ^ While the PTS Samyutta
Samyutta
Nikaya
Nikaya
has 56 saṃyuttas (connected collections), the Sinhala Buddha Jayanti Tripitaka Series (BJT) print edition has 54 saṃyuttas and, based on the BJT edition, the softcopy Sri Lanka Tripitaka Project (SLTP) edition has 55 saṃyuttas. The reason for these differences are that:

the BJT and SLTP saṃyutta 12 (Abhisamaya-saṃyutta) combines the PTS saṃyuttas 12 (Nidana-saṃyutta) and 13 (Abhisamaya-saṃyutta), representing the latter saṃyutta as a final vaggo (chapter) in the former saṃyutta. the BJT saṃyutta 34 (Vedanā-saṃyutta) combines the PTS saṃyuttas 35 (Salāyatana-saṃyutta) and 36 (Vedanā-saṃyutta).

^ Bodhi
Bodhi
(2000), p. 69. ^ Bodhi
Bodhi
(2000), pp. 1485-6, points out that the first seven chapters of the Maggavagga-samyutta pertain to the seven sets of qualities conducive to Enlightenment.

Bibliography[edit]

Bhikkhu Bodhi
Bhikkhu Bodhi
(trans.) (2000). The Connected Discourses of the Buddha: A Translation of the Saṃyutta Nikāya. Boston: Wisdom Publications. ISBN 0-86171-331-1. Digital Dictionary of Buddhism, entry on Zá Ahánjīng The Collation and Annotation of Saṃyuktāgama《<雜阿含經>校釋》,(Chinese version). Wang Jianwei and Jin Hui, East China Normal University Press, 2014.

External links[edit]

Samyutta
Samyutta
Nikaya
Nikaya
suttas in Pali
Pali
(complete) and English (first 44 chapters) at "Metta Net" Samyutta
Samyutta
Nikaya
Nikaya
selected suttas in English at "Access to Insight" "Connected Discourses in Gandhāra" by Andrew Glass (2006 dissertation) - compares four Gandharan sutras related to the Samyutta Nikaya
Nikaya
with Pali, Chinese and Tibetan versions.

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