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Samuel Goldwyn
Samuel Goldwyn
(born Szmuel Gelbfisz; Yiddish: שמואל געלבפֿיש‎; August 17, 1879 – January 31, 1974), also known as Samuel Goldfish, was a Polish American film producer of Jewish descent. He was most well known for being the founding contributor and executive of several motion picture studios in Hollywood.[1] His awards include the 1973 Golden Globe Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
Award,[2] the Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award
Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award
in 1947, and the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award in 1958.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Paramount 3 Goldwyn Pictures 4 Samuel Goldwyn
Samuel Goldwyn
Productions 5 Oscar 6 Awards 7 Death 8 Marriages 9 Grandchildren 10 Nephew 11 The Samuel Goldwyn
Samuel Goldwyn
Foundation 12 The Samuel Goldwyn
Samuel Goldwyn
Company 13 Goldwynisms 14 References 15 External links

Early life[edit] Goldwyn was born Szmuel Gelbfisz[3] in Warsaw, Kingdom of Poland, Russian Empire, to a Hasidic, Polish Jewish
Polish Jewish
family. His parents were Aaron Dawid Gelbfisz (1852-1895), a peddler, and his wife, Hanna Reban (née Jarecka; 1855-1924).[4] At an early age, he left Warsaw
Warsaw
on foot and penniless. He made his way to Birmingham, England, where he remained with relatives for a few years using the name Samuel Goldfish. He was 16 when his father died. In 1898, he emigrated to the United States, but fearing refusal of entry, he got off the boat in Nova Scotia, Canada, before moving on to New York in January 1899. He found work in upstate Gloversville, New York, in the bustling garment business. Soon his innate marketing skills made him a very successful salesman at the Elite Glove Company. After four years, as vice-president of sales, he moved back to New York City and settled at 10 West 61st Street.[5] Paramount[edit] Main article: Paramount Pictures In 1913, Goldfish along with his brother-in-law Jesse L. Lasky, Cecil B. DeMille, and Arthur Friend formed a partnership, The Jesse L. Lasky Feature Play Company, to produce feature-length motion pictures. Film rights for a stage play, The Squaw Man, were purchased for $4,000 and Dustin Farnum
Dustin Farnum
was hired for the leading role. Shooting for the first feature film made in Hollywood
Hollywood
began on December 29, 1913.[6] In 1914, Paramount was a film exchange and exhibition corporation headed by W. W. Hodkinson. Looking for more movies to distribute, Paramount signed a contract with the Lasky Company on June 1, 1914 to supply 36 films per year. One of Paramount's other suppliers was Adolph Zukor's Famous Players Company. The two companies merged on June 28, 1916 forming The Famous Players-Lasky
Famous Players-Lasky
Corporation. Zukor had been quietly buying Paramount stock, and two weeks prior to the merger, became president of Paramount Pictures
Paramount Pictures
Corporation and had Hodkinson replaced with Hiram Abrams, a Zukor associate.[7] With the merger, Zukor became president of both Paramount and Famous Players-Lasky, with Goldfish being named chairman of the board of Famous Players-Lasky, and Jesse Lasky
Jesse Lasky
first vice-president. After a series of conflicts with Zukor, Goldfish resigned as chairman of the board, and as member of the executive committee of the corporation on September 14, 1916. Goldfish was out as an active member of management, although he still owned stock and was a member of the board of directors. Famous Players-Lasky
Famous Players-Lasky
would later become part of Paramount Pictures
Paramount Pictures
Corporation, and Paramount would become one of Hollywood's major studios.[8] Goldwyn Pictures[edit] In 1916, Goldwyn partnered with Broadway producers Edgar and Archibald Selwyn, using a combination of both names to call their movie-making enterprise Goldwyn Pictures. Seeing an opportunity, he then had his name legally changed to Samuel Goldwyn, which he used for the rest of his life. Goldwyn Pictures
Goldwyn Pictures
proved successful but it is their "Leo the Lion" trademark for which the organization is most famous. On April 10, 1924, Goldwyn Pictures
Goldwyn Pictures
was acquired by Marcus Loew
Marcus Loew
and merged into his Metro Pictures Corporation. Despite the inclusion of his name, Goldwyn had no role in the management or production at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. Samuel Goldwyn
Samuel Goldwyn
Productions[edit]

From the trailer for The Hurricane (1937)

Main article: Samuel Goldwyn
Samuel Goldwyn
Productions Before the sale and merger of Goldwyn Pictures
Goldwyn Pictures
in April 1924, Goldwyn had established Samuel Goldwyn Productions
Samuel Goldwyn Productions
in 1923 as a production-only operation (with no distribution arm). Their first feature was Potash and Perlmutter, released in September 1923 through First National Pictures. Some of the early productions bear the name "Howard Productions", named for Goldwyn's wife Frances Howard. For 35 years, Goldwyn built a reputation in filmmaking and developed an eye for finding the talent for making films. William Wyler
William Wyler
directed many of his most celebrated productions, and he hired writers such as Ben Hecht, Sidney Howard, Dorothy Parker, and Lillian Hellman. (According to legend, at a heated story conference Goldwyn scolded someone—in most accounts Mrs. Parker, who recalled he had once been a glove maker—with the retort: "Don't you point that finger at me. I knew it when it had a thimble on it!"[9]) During that time, Goldwyn made numerous films and reigned as the most successful independent producer in the US. Many of his films were forgettable; his collaboration with John Ford, however, resulted in Best Picture Oscar nomination for Arrowsmith (1931). William Wyler
William Wyler
was responsible for most of Goldwyn's highly lauded films, with Best Picture Oscar nominations for Dodsworth (1936), Dead End (1937), Wuthering Heights (1939), The Little Foxes (1941) and The Best Years of Our Lives (1946). The leading actors in several of Goldwyn films, especially those directed by William Wyler, were also Oscar-nominated for their performances. Throughout the 1930s, Goldwyn released all his films through United Artists, but beginning in 1941, and continuing almost through the end of his career, Goldwyn released his films through RKO Radio Pictures. Oscar[edit] See also: Academy Awards In 1946, the year he was honored by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences with the Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award, Goldwyn's drama, The Best Years of Our Lives, starring Myrna Loy, Fredric March, Teresa Wright
Teresa Wright
and Dana Andrews, won the Academy Award for Best Picture. In the 1950s Samuel Goldwyn
Samuel Goldwyn
turned to making a number of musicals including the 1952 hit Hans Christian Andersen (his last with Danny Kaye, with whom he had made many others), and the 1955 hit Guys and Dolls starring Marlon Brando, Jean Simmons, Frank Sinatra, and Vivian Blaine, which was based on the equally successful Broadway musical. This was the only independent film that Goldwyn ever released through MGM. In his final film, made in 1959, Samuel Goldwyn
Samuel Goldwyn
brought together African-American actors Sidney Poitier, Dorothy Dandridge, Sammy Davis, Jr. and Pearl Bailey
Pearl Bailey
in a film rendition of the George Gershwin opera, Porgy and Bess. Released by Columbia Pictures, the film was nominated for three Oscars, but won only one. It was also a critical and financial failure, and the Gershwin family reportedly disliked the film and eventually pulled it from distribution. The film turned the opera into an operetta with spoken dialogue in between the musical numbers. Its reception was a huge disappointment to Goldwyn, who, according to biographer Arthur Marx, saw it as his crowning glory and had wanted to film Porgy and Bess
Porgy and Bess
since he first saw it onstage in 1935. Awards[edit]

In 1957, Goldwyn was awarded the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award
Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award
for his outstanding contributions to humanitarian causes. On March 27, 1971, Goldwyn was presented with the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Richard Nixon.[10]

Death[edit] Goldwyn died at his home in Los Angeles
Los Angeles
in 1974. In the 1980s, Samuel Goldwyn Studio was sold to Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
There is a theater named after him in Beverly Hills and he received a star on the Hollywood
Hollywood
Walk of Fame at 1631 Vine Street
Vine Street
for his contributions to motion pictures on February 8, 1960.[11][12] Marriages[edit] From 1910 to 1915, Goldwyn was married to Blanche Lasky, a sister of Jesse L. Lasky. The marriage produced a daughter, Ruth. In 1925, he married actress Frances Howard to whom he remained married for the rest of his life. Their son, Samuel Goldwyn, Jr., would eventually join his father in the business. Grandchildren[edit] Samuel Goldwyn's grandchildren include:

Francis Goldwyn, founder of the Manhattan Toy Company and managing member of Quorum Associates. Tony Goldwyn, actor, producer and director, currently starring as President Fitzgerald Grant III in the TV series Scandal. John Goldwyn, film producer Peter Goldwyn, the current vice-president of Samuel Goldwyn
Samuel Goldwyn
Films Catherine Goldwyn, created Sound Art, a non-profit organization that teaches popular music all over Los Angeles Liz Goldwyn, has a film on HBO
HBO
called Pretty Things, featuring interviews with queens from the heyday of American burlesque.[13] Her book, an extension of the documentary titled Pretty Things: The Last Generation of American Burlesque Queens, was published in October 2006 by HarperCollins.[14] Rebecca Goldwyn (August 15, 1955 – September 1, 1955)

Nephew[edit] Goldwyn's relatives include Fred Lebensold, an award-winning architect (best known as the designer of multiple concert halls in Canada
Canada
and the United States). Fred was the son of Sam's younger sister, Manya (who, despite the best efforts of Sam and his brother Ben in 1939 and 1940, could not be extricated from the Warsaw
Warsaw
Ghetto and perished in the Holocaust).[citation needed] The Samuel Goldwyn
Samuel Goldwyn
Foundation[edit] Samuel Goldwyn's will created a multimillion-dollar charitable foundation in his name. Among other endeavors, the Samuel Goldwyn Foundation funds the Samuel Goldwyn
Samuel Goldwyn
Writing Awards, provided construction funds for the Frances Howard Goldwyn Hollywood
Hollywood
Regional Library, and provides ongoing funding for the Motion Picture & Television Country House and Hospital. The Samuel Goldwyn
Samuel Goldwyn
Company[edit] Main article: The Samuel Goldwyn
Samuel Goldwyn
Company Several years after the Sr. Goldwyn's death, his son, Samuel Goldwyn Jr., initiated an independent film and television distribution company dedicated to preserving the integrity of Goldwyn's ambitions and work. The company's assets were later acquired by Orion Pictures, and in 1997, passed on to Orion's current parent company, MGM. Several years later, the Samuel Goldwyn
Samuel Goldwyn
Jr. Family Trust and Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
acquired the rights to all the Goldwyn-produced films except The Hurricane, which was returned to MGM
MGM
division United Artists. Goldwynisms[edit]

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Samuel Goldwyn

Samuel Goldwyn
Samuel Goldwyn
was also known for malapropisms, paradoxes, and other speech errors called 'Goldwynisms' ("A humorous statement or phrase resulting from the use of incongruous or contradictory words, situations, idioms, etc.") being frequently quoted. For example, he was reported to have said, "I don't think anybody should write his autobiography until after he's dead."[15] and "Include me out." Some famous Goldwyn quotations are misattributions. For example, the statement attributed to Goldwyn that "a verbal contract isn't worth the paper it's written on" is actually a well-documented misreporting of an actual quote praising the trustworthiness of a colleague: "His verbal contract is worth more than the paper it's written on". The identity of the colleague is variously reported as Joseph M. Schenk[16] or Joseph L. Mankiewicz[17] Goldwyn himself was reportedly aware of—and pleased by—the misattribution. Upon being told that a book he had purchased for filming, The Well of Loneliness, couldn't be filmed because it was about lesbians, he reportedly replied: "That's all right, we'll make them Hungarians." The same story was told about the 1934 rights to The Children's Hour with the response "That's okay; we'll turn them into Armenians."[18] Upon being told that a dictionary had included the word "Goldwynism" as synonym for malapropism, he raged: "Goldwynisms! They should talk to Jesse Lasky!"[citation needed] Having many writers in his employ, Goldwyn may not have come up with all of these on his own. In fact Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
took credit for penning the line, "In two words: im-possible"; and the quote, "the next time I send a damn fool for something, I go myself," has also been attributed to Michael Curtiz.[citation needed] In the Grateful Dead's Scarlet Begonias,[19] the line "I ain't often right but I've never been wrong" appears in the bridge—this is very similar to Goldwyn's "I’m willing to admit that I may not always be right, but I am never wrong." References[edit]

^ Obituary Variety, February 6, 1974, p. 63. ^ Jang, Meena (January 31, 2015). "Samuel Goldwyn: Remembering the Movie Mogul on the Anniversary of His Death". The Hollywood
Hollywood
Reporter. Retrieved August 8, 2015.  ^ The sz-spelling is a not-uncommon Polish transliteration for the Yiddish sh-sound, which only requires a single letter in that language. ^ "Goldwyn".  ^ A. Scott Berg, Goldwyn, a Biography ^ A.Scott Berg, Goldwyn, a Biography. pp. 31–35, 41. ^ A.Scott Berg, Goldwyn, a Biography. pp. 49, 58 ^ A.Scott Berg, Goldwyn, a Biography. pp. 58, 59, 63 ^ Silverstein, Stuart Y., ed. (1996). Not Much Fun: The Lost Poems of Dorothy Parker. New York: Scribner. p. 42, n. 75. ISBN 0-7432-1148-0. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) ^ Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States, Richard Nixon, 1971. 1971. p. 490. ISBN 0160588634. Retrieved 2013-04-01.  ^ " Samuel Goldwyn
Samuel Goldwyn
Hollywood
Hollywood
Walk of Fame". www.walkoffame.com. Retrieved 2016-06-28.  ^ "Samuel Goldwyn". latimes.com. Retrieved 2016-06-28.  ^ "Pretty Things". Liz Goldwyn Films. Retrieved 2013-04-02.  ^ Goldwyn, Liz (2006). Pretty Things: The Last Generation of American Burlesque Queens. HarperCollins.  ^ Quoted in Arthur Marx, Goldwyn: The Man Behind the Myth (1976), prologue. ^ Paul F. Boller, John George, They Never Said It (1990), p. 42. ^ Carol Easton, The Search for Sam Goldwyn (1976). ^ These Three ^ "The Annotated "Scarlet Begonias"". ucsc.edu. 

External links[edit]

Biography portal Film portal

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Samuel Goldwyn.

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Samuel Goldwyn

Samuel Goldwyn
Samuel Goldwyn
on IMDb American Masters: Sam Goldwyn The American Presidency Project

v t e

The films of Samuel Goldwyn

1910s

The Pest (1919)

1920s

Slave of Desire
Slave of Desire
(1923) Potash and Perlmutter
Potash and Perlmutter
(1923) The Eternal City (1923) Cytherea (1924) In Hollywood
Hollywood
with Potash and Perlmutter
Potash and Perlmutter
(1924) A Thief in Paradise (1925) His Supreme Moment
His Supreme Moment
(1925) The Dark Angel (1925) Stella Dallas (1925) The Winning of Barbara Worth
The Winning of Barbara Worth
(1926) Partners Again (1926) The Night of Love (1927) The Magic Flame
The Magic Flame
(1927) The Devil Dancer
The Devil Dancer
(1927) Two Lovers (1928) The Awakening (1928) Condemned (1929) The Rescue (1929) This Is Heaven (1929) Bulldog Drummond (1929)

1930s

Raffles (1930) Whoopee! (1930) The Devil to Pay! (1930) One Heavenly Night
One Heavenly Night
(1931) Street Scene (1931) Palmy Days
Palmy Days
(1931) The Unholy Garden
The Unholy Garden
(1931) Arrowsmith (1931) Tonight or Never (1931) The Greeks Had a Word for Them
The Greeks Had a Word for Them
(1932) The Kid From Spain (1932) Cynara (1932) The Masquerader (1933) Roman Scandals
Roman Scandals
(1933) We Live Again
We Live Again
(1934) Nana (1934) Kid Millions
Kid Millions
(1934) The Dark Angel (1935) The Wedding Night
The Wedding Night
(1935) Barbary Coast (1935) Splendor (1935) These Three
These Three
(1936) Dodsworth (1936) Come and Get It (1936) Strike Me Pink (1936) Beloved Enemy
Beloved Enemy
(1936) Woman Chases Man (1937) Stella Dallas (1937) Dead End (1937) The Hurricane (1937) The Adventures of Marco Polo
The Adventures of Marco Polo
(1938) The Cowboy and the Lady (1938) The Goldwyn Follies
The Goldwyn Follies
(1938) They Shall Have Music
They Shall Have Music
(1939) Wuthering Heights (1939) The Real Glory
The Real Glory
(1939)

1940s

The Westerner (1940) The Little Foxes (1941) Ball of Fire
Ball of Fire
(1941) The Pride of the Yankees
The Pride of the Yankees
(1942) They Got Me Covered
They Got Me Covered
(1943) The North Star (1943) Up in Arms
Up in Arms
(1944) The Princess and the Pirate
The Princess and the Pirate
(1944) Wonder Man (1945) The Kid From Brooklyn (1946) The Best Years of Our Lives
The Best Years of Our Lives
(1946) The Bishop's Wife
The Bishop's Wife
(1947) The Secret Life of Walter Mitty (1947) A Song Is Born (1948) Enchantment (1948) Roseanna McCoy (1949) My Foolish Heart (1949)

1950s

Our Very Own (1950) Edge of Doom
Edge of Doom
(1950) I Want You (1951) Hans Christian Andersen (1952) Guys and Dolls
Guys and Dolls
(1955) Porgy and Bess
Porgy and Bess
(1959)

v t e

Jean Hersholt
Jean Hersholt
Humanitarian Award

Y. Frank Freeman (1956) Samuel Goldwyn (1957) Bob Hope (1959) Sol Lesser (1960) George Seaton (1961) Steve Broidy (1962) Edmond L. DePatie (1965) George Bagnall (1966) Gregory Peck (1967) Martha Raye (1968) George Jessel (1969) Frank Sinatra (1970) Rosalind Russell (1972) Lew Wasserman (1973) Arthur B. Krim (1974) Jules C. Stein (1975) Charlton Heston (1977) Leo Jaffe (1978) Robert Benjamin (1979) Danny Kaye (1981) Walter Mirisch (1982) M. J. Frankovich (1983) David L. Wolper (1984) Charles "Buddy" Rogers (1985) Howard W. Koch (1989) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
/ Elizabeth Taylor (1992) Paul Newman (1993) Quincy Jones (1994) Arthur Hiller (2001) Roger Mayer (2005) Sherry Lansing (2007) Jerry Lewis (2009) Oprah Winfrey (2011) Jeffrey Katzenberg (2012) Angelina Jolie (2013) Harry Belafonte (2014) Debbie Reynolds (2015)

v t e

Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award

Darryl F. Zanuck
Darryl F. Zanuck
(1938) Hal B. Wallis
Hal B. Wallis
(1939) David O. Selznick
David O. Selznick
(1940) Walt Disney
Walt Disney
(1942) Sidney Franklin (1943) Hal B. Wallis
Hal B. Wallis
(1944) Darryl F. Zanuck
Darryl F. Zanuck
(1945) Samuel Goldwyn
Samuel Goldwyn
(1947) Jerry Wald
Jerry Wald
(1949) Darryl F. Zanuck
Darryl F. Zanuck
(1951) Arthur Freed (1952) Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
(1953) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1954) Buddy Adler (1957) Jack L. Warner
Jack L. Warner
(1959) Stanley Kramer
Stanley Kramer
(1962) Sam Spiegel
Sam Spiegel
(1964) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1966) Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1967) Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
(1968) Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1971) Lawrence Weingarten (1974) Mervyn LeRoy
Mervyn LeRoy
(1976) Pandro S. Berman
Pandro S. Berman
(1977) Walter Mirisch (1978) Ray Stark (1980) Albert R. Broccoli
Albert R. Broccoli
(1982) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1986) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1988) David Brown and Richard D. Zanuck
Richard D. Zanuck
(1991) George Lucas
George Lucas
(1992) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1995) Saul Zaentz
Saul Zaentz
(1997) Norman Jewison
Norman Jewison
(1999) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(2000) Dino De Laurentiis
Dino De Laurentiis
(2001) John Calley (2009) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(2010)

v t e

Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
Award

Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
(1952) Walt Disney
Walt Disney
(1953) Darryl F. Zanuck
Darryl F. Zanuck
(1954) Jean Hersholt
Jean Hersholt
(1955) Jack L. Warner
Jack L. Warner
(1956) Mervyn LeRoy
Mervyn LeRoy
(1957) Buddy Adler (1958) Maurice Chevalier
Maurice Chevalier
(1959) Bing Crosby
Bing Crosby
(1960) Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
(1961) Judy Garland
Judy Garland
(1962) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
(1963) Joseph E. Levine
Joseph E. Levine
(1964) James Stewart
James Stewart
(1965) John Wayne
John Wayne
(1966) Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
(1967) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
(1968) Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
(1969) Joan Crawford
Joan Crawford
(1970) Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
(1971) Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
(1972) Samuel Goldwyn
Samuel Goldwyn
(1973) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1974) Hal B. Wallis
Hal B. Wallis
(1975) Walter Mirisch (1977) Red Skelton
Red Skelton
(1978) Lucille Ball
Lucille Ball
(1979) Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
(1980) Gene Kelly
Gene Kelly
(1981) Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
(1982) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1983) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
(1984) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1985) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1986) Anthony Quinn
Anthony Quinn
(1987) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1988) Doris Day
Doris Day
(1989) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
(1990) Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
(1991) Robert Mitchum
Robert Mitchum
(1992) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
(1993) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1994) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
(1995) Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(1996) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1997) Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(1998) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1999) Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(2000) Al Pacino
Al Pacino
(2001) Harrison Ford
Harrison Ford
(2002) Gene Hackman
Gene Hackman
(2003) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(2004) Robin Williams
Robin Williams
(2005) Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(2006) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(2007) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(2009) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2010) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(2011) Morgan Freeman
Morgan Freeman
(2012) Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
(2013) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(2014) George Clooney
George Clooney
(2015) Denzel Washington
Denzel Washington
(2016) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2017) Oprah Winfrey
Oprah Winfrey
(2018)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 46813321 LCCN: n81039798 ISNI: 0000 0000 8379 3990 GND: 118718010 SELIBR: 261786 SUDOC: 03097710X BNF: cb12228545g (data) NLA: 35971694 NDL: 00620743 NKC: mzk2005312969 BNE: XX1499699 SN

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