Sambre [sɑ̃bʁ] is a river in northern
France and in Wallonia,
Belgium. It is a left-bank tributary of the Meuse, which it joins in
the Wallonian capital Namur.
The source of the
Sambre is near Le Nouvion-en-Thiérache, in the
Aisne département. It passes through the Franco-Belgian coal basin,
formerly an important industrial district. The navigable course begins
Landrecies at the junction with the Canal de la
Sambre à l'Oise,
which links with the central French waterway network (or did, until
navigation was interrupted in 2006 following structural failures).
It runs 54 km and 9 locks 38.50m long and 5.20m wide down to the
Belgian border at Jeumont. From the border the river is canalised in
two distinct section over a distance of 88 km with 17 locks. The
Sambre is 39 km long and includes 10 locks of the same
dimensions as in France, down to the industrial town of Charleroi. The
rest of the Belgian
Sambre was upgraded to European Class IV
dimensions (1350-tonne barges) in the immediate post-World War II
period. It lies at the western end of the sillon industriel, which is
still Wallonia's industrial backbone, despite the cessation of all
coal-mining and decline in the steel industry. The river flows into
Meuse at Namur, Belgium.
Location of the navigable river Sambre, showing the three sections:
small waterway in France, small waterway in Belgium, and high-capacity
Charleroi to Namur, from the European
Waterways Map and Directory
The navigable waterway is managed in
France by Voies Navigables de
France and in
Belgium by the Service Public Wallon - Direction
générale opérationnelle de la Mobilité et des Voies hydrauliques
(Operational Directorate of Mobility and Inland Waterways)
2 Main tributaries
6 External links
Sambre flows through the following départements of France,
Belgium and towns:
Aisne (F): Barzy-en-Thiérache
Nord (F): Landrecies, Aulnoye-Aymeries, Hautmont, Maubeuge
Hainaut (B): Thuin, Montigny-le-Tilleul, Charleroi
Namur (B): Floreffe, Namur
Aulne Abbey in Belgium
Sambre at Flawinne (Namur)
Sambre at Ham-sur-Sambre
Sambre at Moustier-sur-Sambre
Eau d’Heure (Eau d'Heure lakes)
Piéton, northern tributary, confluence in Charleroi.
Hanzinne, confluence in Châtelet
Ruisseau de Fosses
The mother of René Magritte, a famous surrealist painter, killed
herself by drowning in this river.
The 19th-century theory that the
Sambre was the location of Julius
Caesar's battle against a
Belgic confederation (57 BC), was discarded
a long time ago, but is still repeated.
Heavy fighting occurred along the river during World War I, especially
at the siege of
Namur in 1914 (Battle of Charleroi) and in the last
month of the war [[[Battle of the
^ Edwards-May, David (2010). Inland Waterways of France. St Ives,
Cambs., UK: Imray. pp. 246–249.
^ Edwards-May, David (2014). European Waterways Map and Concise
Directory. Lambersart, France: Transmanche. pp. 11–12, 17–20
and fold–out map. ISBN 979-10-94429-00-6.
^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Contrats de rivière en Wallonie -
Sambre". Environnement.wallonie.be. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
^ "Le Ruisseau "le Piéton" - Piéton, Village du Hainaut". Pieton.eu.
Retrieved 25 March 2018.
^ Pierre Turquin ("La Bataille de la Selle (du Sabis) en l' An 57
avant J.-C." in Les Études Classiques 23/2 (1955), 113-156) has
proved beyond reasonable doubt that the battle was fought at the River
Selle, west of modern Saulzoir.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sambre.
Sambre in the Sandre database (in French) for basic catchment area
Sambre and Canal de la
Sambre à l'Oise with maps and details of
places, moorings and facilities for boats, by the author of Inland
Waterways of France, Imray
Navigation details for 80 French rivers and canals (French waterway