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The Sambre
Sambre
[sɑ̃bʁ] is a river in northern France
France
and in Wallonia, Belgium. It is a left-bank tributary of the Meuse, which it joins in the Wallonian capital Namur. The source of the Sambre
Sambre
is near Le Nouvion-en-Thiérache, in the Aisne
Aisne
département. It passes through the Franco-Belgian coal basin, formerly an important industrial district. The navigable course begins in Landrecies
Landrecies
at the junction with the Canal de la Sambre
Sambre
à l'Oise, which links with the central French waterway network (or did, until navigation was interrupted in 2006 following structural failures)[1]. It runs 54 km and 9 locks 38.50m long and 5.20m wide down to the Belgian border at Jeumont. From the border the river is canalised in two distinct section over a distance of 88 km with 17 locks. The Haute- Sambre
Sambre
is 39 km long and includes 10 locks of the same dimensions as in France, down to the industrial town of Charleroi. The rest of the Belgian Sambre
Sambre
was upgraded to European Class IV dimensions (1350-tonne barges) in the immediate post-World War II period. It lies at the western end of the sillon industriel, which is still Wallonia's industrial backbone, despite the cessation of all coal-mining and decline in the steel industry. The river flows into the Meuse
Meuse
at Namur, Belgium.

Location of the navigable river Sambre, showing the three sections: small waterway in France, small waterway in Belgium, and high-capacity waterway in Belgium
Belgium
from Charleroi
Charleroi
to Namur, from the European Waterways Map and Directory

The navigable waterway is managed in France
France
by Voies Navigables de France
France
and in Belgium
Belgium
by the Service Public Wallon - Direction générale opérationnelle de la Mobilité et des Voies hydrauliques (Operational Directorate of Mobility and Inland Waterways)[2]

Contents

1 Course 2 Main tributaries 3 Events 4 Battles 5 References 6 External links

Course[edit] The Sambre
Sambre
flows through the following départements of France, provinces of Belgium
Belgium
and towns:

Aisne
Aisne
(F): Barzy-en-Thiérache Nord (F): Landrecies, Aulnoye-Aymeries, Hautmont, Maubeuge Hainaut (B): Thuin, Montigny-le-Tilleul, Charleroi Namur
Namur
(B): Floreffe, Namur

The Sambre
Sambre
at Aulne Abbey
Aulne Abbey
in Belgium

The Sambre
Sambre
at Flawinne (Namur)

The Sambre
Sambre
at Ham-sur-Sambre

The Sambre
Sambre
at Moustier-sur-Sambre

Main tributaries[edit]

Helpe Mineure Helpe Majeure Eau d’Heure[3] (Eau d'Heure lakes) Hantes[3] Thure[3] Biesmelle[3] Thyria[3] Eau d’Yves[3] Piéton, northern tributary, confluence in Charleroi.[3][4] Hanzinne,[3] confluence in Châtelet Biesmes d’Aiseau[3] Orneau[3] Ligne[3] Eau d’Eppe[3] Ruisseau de Fosses[3]

Events[edit]

The mother of René Magritte, a famous surrealist painter, killed herself by drowning in this river.

Battles[edit] The 19th-century theory that the Sambre
Sambre
was the location of Julius Caesar's battle against a Belgic
Belgic
confederation (57 BC), was discarded a long time ago,[5] but is still repeated. Heavy fighting occurred along the river during World War I, especially at the siege of Namur
Namur
in 1914 (Battle of Charleroi) and in the last month of the war [[[Battle of the Sambre
Sambre
(1918)]]]. References[edit]

^ Edwards-May, David (2010). Inland Waterways of France. St Ives, Cambs., UK: Imray. pp. 246–249. ISBN 978-1-846230-14-1.  ^ Edwards-May, David (2014). European Waterways Map and Concise Directory. Lambersart, France: Transmanche. pp. 11–12, 17–20 and fold–out map. ISBN 979-10-94429-00-6.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Contrats de rivière en Wallonie - Sambre". Environnement.wallonie.be. Retrieved 25 March 2018.  ^ "Le Ruisseau "le Piéton" - Piéton, Village du Hainaut". Pieton.eu. Retrieved 25 March 2018.  ^ Pierre Turquin ("La Bataille de la Selle (du Sabis) en l' An 57 avant J.-C." in Les Études Classiques 23/2 (1955), 113-156) has proved beyond reasonable doubt that the battle was fought at the River Selle, west of modern Saulzoir.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sambre.

The Sambre
Sambre
in the Sandre database (in French) for basic catchment area data. River
River
Sambre
Sambre
and Canal de la Sambre
Sambre
à l'Oise with maps and details of places, moorings and facilities for boats, by the author of Inland Waterways of France, Imray Navigation details for 80 French rivers and canals (French waterway

.