HOME
The Info List - Sambalic Language





The Sambalic languages are a part of the Central Luzon language family spoken by the Sambals, an ethnolinguistic group on the western coastal areas of Central Luzon and the Zambales
Zambales
mountain ranges.

Contents

1 Demographics 2 Internal classification 3 External relationships 4 Speakers 5 Sample text 6 See also 7 References

7.1 Citations 7.2 Bibliography

8 External links

Demographics[edit] The largest Sambalic languages are Sambal, Bolinao, and Botolan with approximately 200,000, 105,000 and 72,000 speakers respectively based on the 2007 population statistics from the National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB).[2] These figures are the combined population of the municipalities where the language is spoken. For the Sambali or Sambal ethnolinguistic subgrouping, the estimated number of speakers is based on the total population of Santa Cruz, Candelaria, Masinloc, Palauig, and Iba municipalities of Zambales. For the Sambal Bolinao subgrouping, a projected number of speakers is taken from the combined populations of Anda and Bolinao municipalities of Pangasinan. The Sambal Botolan subgroup, on the other hand, takes the aggregated population of Botolan and Cabangan municipalities. The rest are smaller languages spoken almost exclusively within various Aeta
Aeta
communities. In total, there are approximately 390,000 speakers of Sambalic languages. Speakers can also be found in other towns of Zambales
Zambales
not mentioned above: Olongapo
Olongapo
City, Bataan, Tarlac, and Metro Manila. An estimated 6000 speakers can also be found in Panitian, Quezon, Palawan and Puerto Princesa City. The language is also spoken by many Filipino immigrants in the U.S. and Canada. In Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada, for instance, the language is spoken by a clan of Zambals. In Casino Nova Scotia in the Maritimes city of Halifax, a group of Sambals can be found running the card games. Community organizations of Sambal-speaking Filipino-Americans are found in San Diego and San Francisco, California as well as in Hawaii. Internal classification[edit] Roger Stone (2008) classifies the Sambalic languages as follows.[3]

Ayta Abellen, Botolan Sambal Tina Sambal, Bolinao Ayta Mag-indi, Ayta Mag-antsi Ayta Ambala

Ayta Magbukun was not included in Stone's (2008) classification. External relationships[edit] The Sambalic languages are most closely related to Kapampangan and to an archaic form of Tagalog still spoken in Tanay in the province of Rizal. This has been interpreted to mean that Sambal-speakers had once inhabited that area, later being displaced by migrating Tagalog-speakers, pushing the original inhabitants northward to what is now the province of Zambales,[4] in turn, displacing the Aetas. There is also a possible relationship between these Sambalic language speakers and the population of the island provinces of Marinduque and Romblon based on commonalities in some traditions and practices. Speakers[edit] Sambal (Spanish: Zambal) is the common collective name for all Sambalic languages speakers. It is also the term referring to the Sambalic language subgrouping in northern municipalities of Zambales, which comprises the majority of Sambals or more than 50 percent (200,000) of all Sambalic languages speakers (390,000). Sambal may also refer to the inhabitants of Zambales
Zambales
as a whole and the residents of Bolinao and Anda in Pangasinan.

Sambalic Languages

Language

Speakers

Sambal

200,000

Bolinao

105,000

Botolan

72,000

Indi

5,000

Antsi

4,200

Abellen

3,500

Ambala

2,000

Mariveleño

500

Sample text[edit] Below are translations in Sambal, Bolinao, and Botolan of the Philippine national proverb[5] “He/She who does not acknowledge his/her beginnings will not reach his/her destination”, followed by the original in Tagalog.

Language Translation

Tagalog Ang hindi marunong lumingon sa pinanggalingan ay hindi makararating sa paroroonan.

English He (She) who does not know how to look back at his (her) origin will not arrive at his destination.

Bolinao Si [tawon] kai magtanda’ lumingap sa ibwatan [na], kai ya mirate’ sa keen [na].

Botolan Hay ahe nin nanlek ha pinag-ibatan, ay ahe makarateng ha lalakwen.

Sambal Hiyay kay tanda mamanomtom ha pinag'ibatan, kay 'ya maka'lato ha ampako'tawan.

See also[edit]

Languages of the Philippines Sambal people

References[edit] Citations[edit]

^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Sambalic". Glottolog
Glottolog
3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.  ^ http://www.nscb.gov.ph/activestats/psgc/province.asp?provcode=037100000&regName=REGION%20III%20(Central%20Luzon) ^ http://www-01.sil.org/asia/philippines/splc/SPLC19-10_Stone.pdf ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20080121084810/http://www.ncca.gov.ph/about_cultarts/ebook_subcont.php?subcont_Id=33 ^ National Philippine Proverb in Various Philippine Languages

Bibliography[edit]

Stone, Roger (2008). "Studies in Philippine Languages and Cultures" (PDF). 19. SIL International: 158–183. 

External links[edit]

v t e

Sambalic languages

Major

Sambali Bolinao Botolan

Minor

Indi (Mag-Indi) Antsi (Mag-Antsi) Abellen Ambala Mariveleño

v t e

Philippine Negrito languages

Northern Luzon

Atta Arta Northern Alta Southern Alta Central Cagayan Agta

Northeastern Luzon

Dupaningan Agta Dinapigue Agta Casiguran Dumagat Agta Nagtipunan Agta Paranan Agta

Central Luzon

Ayta Mag-indi Ayta Mag-anchi Ayta Abellen Ayta Ambala Ayta Magbukun (Mariveleño) Remontado Dumagat

Manide-Inagta

Manide Inagta Alabat (Inagta Lopez) Katabangan †

Central Philippine

Bikol

Inagta Rinconada Inagta Partido Mount Iraya Agta †

Visayan

Ata Magahat Karolanos

Mansakan

Mamanwa

Mindanao

Ata Manobo Matigsalug (Tigwa)

Northern Mindoro

Iraya

Palawan

Batak

Unclassified

Umiray Dumaget Ati

Cross (†) and italics indicate extinc

.