l> Samatata
HOME
The Info List - Samatata


--- Advertisement ---



The Kingdom of Samatata (or Samata) was an ancient kingdom during the Classical period on the Indian subcontinent, located at the mouth of the Brahmaputra river in the south east of Bengal.[1] It was a vassal to the Gupta Empire. Samatata was created following the collapse of the Mauryan Empire, sometime after the death of Emperor Ashoka in 232 BC. They are believed to have been incorporated into the Gupta Empire by Samudragupta, around 335 CE:

(Lines 22–23) (Samudragupta, whose) formidable rule was propitiated with the payment of all tributes, execution of orders and visits (to his court) for obeisance by such frontier rulers as those of Samataṭa, Ḍavāka, Kāmarūpa, Nēpāla, and Kartṛipura, and, by the Mālavas, Ārjunāyanas, Yaudhēyas, Mādrakas, Ābhīras, Prārjunas, Sanakānīkas, Kākas, Kharaparikas and other (tribes)." — Allahabad pillar of Samudragupta

Not much is known about the kingdom's history, except that it was ruled by Buddhist kings in the late 7th century. The Roman geographer Ptolemy called the kingdom Souanagoura (modern Sonargaon)[2]. Two ancient Chinese travelers also mention Samatata in their travels. In the early 7th century a monk named Xuanzang called it "San-mo-tat'a" and indicates the kingdom was a Buddhist center. He gave the distance between Kamarupa and Samatata as 1300 li. He further revealed that the land was low and moist and roughly 3000 li in circuit. Samatata was visited nearly a century later by another Chinese monk, Yijing.[citation needed] As of April 2010, archaeological excavations are currently underway in the villages of Wari and Bateshwar uncovering the ruins of a fortress city of Samatata. Buddhist monument[edit]

Part of a series on the

History of Bengal

Ancient Geopolitical units

Pundravardhana Vanga Gangaridai Samatata Anga Suhma Harikela Kamarupa

Ancient and Classical dynasties

Nanda dynasty Maurya dynasty Shunga dynasty Gupta dynasty Varman dynasty Gauda dynasty Mallabhum dynasty Khadga dynasty Pala dynasty Chandra dynasty Chola dynasty Sena dynasty Deva dynasty

Medieval and Early Modern periods

Delhi Sultanate City states

Sonargaon Lakhnauti Satgaon

Bengal Sultanate

Ilyas Shahi dynasty Hussain Shahi dynasty Karrani dynasty

Sur Empire Twelve Bhuyan Confederacy Kingdom of Mrauk U Jaintia Kingdom Koch dynasty Kingdom of Tripura Kingdom of Bhurshut Mughal Empire

Bengal Subah Burdwan Raj Rajshahi Raj Nadia Raj Bettiah Raj Nawabs of Bengal Zamindars

Maratha expeditions in Bengal

European colonisation

Portuguese Chittagong Dutch Bengal French Bengal Danish Bengal Austrian Bengal British India

Company rule Bengal Presidency Bengal famine of 1770 Partition of Bengal (1905) Bengal famine of 1943 Direct Action Day Indian Mutiny of 1857 British Raj Bengal Renaissance Eastern Bengal and Assam Anti-colonial struggle Partition of Bengal (1947)

East Bengal

East Bengali refugees

East Pakistan

1964 East Pakistan riots Language Movement Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 Liberation War 1971 Genocide Indo-Pakistani War of 1971

Bangladesh

People's Republic Military coups Bangladesh famine of 1974

Indian Bengal

West Bengal Tripura merger Left Front Naxalism Barak Valley Language Movement Gorkhaland

Calendar

Bengali calendar Malla calendar

Related

Bengali literary history Architecture of Bengal Bangamata

v t e

Asrama vihara: a Vihara, or an educational centre with residential facilities.[3]

References[edit]

^ AM Chowdhury (2012), "Samatata", in Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal, Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.), Asiatic Society of Bangladesh  ^ "First, in his list of towns in transgangetic India Ptolemy mentions a place called Souanagoura which has been identified with modern Sonargaon" Excavation at Wari-Bateshwar: A Preliminary Study, Enamul Haque - 2001 ^ Huu Phuoc Le (2010). Buddhist Architecture. Grafikol. pp. 71–. ISBN 978-0-9844043-0-8. 

Coordinates: 23°30′N 91°00′E / 23.5°N 91.0

.

mysqli_error: