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The Kingdom of Samatata
Samatata
(or Samata) was an ancient kingdom during the Classical period on the Indian subcontinent, located at the mouth of the Brahmaputra river
Brahmaputra river
in the south east of Bengal.[1] It was a vassal to the Gupta Empire. Samatata
Samatata
was created following the collapse of the Mauryan Empire, sometime after the death of Emperor Ashoka
Emperor Ashoka
in 232 BC. They are believed to have been incorporated into the Gupta Empire
Gupta Empire
by Samudragupta, around 335 CE:

(Lines 22–23) (Samudragupta, whose) formidable rule was propitiated with the payment of all tributes, execution of orders and visits (to his court) for obeisance by such frontier rulers as those of Samataṭa, Ḍavāka, Kāmarūpa, Nēpāla, and Kartṛipura, and, by the Mālavas, Ārjunāyanas, Yaudhēyas, Mādrakas, Ābhīras, Prārjunas, Sanakānīkas, Kākas, Kharaparikas and other (tribes)." — Allahabad pillar of Samudragupta

Not much is known about the kingdom's history, except that it was ruled by Buddhist
Buddhist
kings in the late 7th century. The Roman geographer Ptolemy
Ptolemy
called the kingdom Souanagoura (modern Sonargaon)[2]. Two ancient Chinese travelers also mention Samatata
Samatata
in their travels. In the early 7th century a monk named Xuanzang
Xuanzang
called it "San-mo-tat'a" and indicates the kingdom was a Buddhist
Buddhist
center. He gave the distance between Kamarupa
Kamarupa
and Samatata
Samatata
as 1300 li. He further revealed that the land was low and moist and roughly 3000 li in circuit. Samatata
Samatata
was visited nearly a century later by another Chinese monk, Yijing.[citation needed] As of April 2010, archaeological excavations are currently underway in the villages of Wari and Bateshwar uncovering the ruins of a fortress city of Samatata. Buddhist
Buddhist
monument[edit]

Part of a series on the

History of Bengal

Ancient Geopolitical units

Pundravardhana Vanga Gangaridai Samatata Anga Suhma Harikela Kamarupa

Ancient and Classical dynasties

Nanda dynasty Maurya dynasty Shunga dynasty Gupta dynasty Varman dynasty Gauda dynasty Mallabhum
Mallabhum
dynasty Khadga dynasty Pala dynasty Chandra dynasty Chola dynasty Sena dynasty Deva dynasty

Medieval and Early Modern periods

Delhi Sultanate City states

Sonargaon Lakhnauti Satgaon

Bengal
Bengal
Sultanate

Ilyas Shahi dynasty Hussain Shahi dynasty Karrani dynasty

Sur Empire Twelve Bhuyan Confederacy Kingdom of Mrauk U Jaintia Kingdom Koch dynasty Kingdom of Tripura Kingdom of Bhurshut Mughal Empire

Bengal
Bengal
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Maratha expeditions in Bengal

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Company rule Bengal
Bengal
Presidency Bengal
Bengal
famine of 1770 Partition of Bengal
Bengal
(1905) Bengal
Bengal
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Bengal
Renaissance Eastern Bengal
Bengal
and Assam Anti-colonial struggle Partition of Bengal
Bengal
(1947)

East Bengal

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East Pakistan

1964 East Pakistan riots Language Movement Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 Liberation War 1971 Genocide Indo-Pakistani War of 1971

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West Bengal Tripura merger Left Front Naxalism Barak Valley Language Movement Gorkhaland

Calendar

Bengali calendar Malla calendar

Related

Bengali literary history Architecture of Bengal Bangamata

v t e

Asrama vihara: a Vihara, or an educational centre with residential facilities.[3]

References[edit]

^ AM Chowdhury (2012), "Samatata", in Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal, Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.), Asiatic Society of Bangladesh  ^ "First, in his list of towns in transgangetic India
India
Ptolemy
Ptolemy
mentions a place called Souanagoura which has been identified with modern Sonargaon" Excavation at Wari-Bateshwar: A Preliminary Study, Enamul Haque - 2001 ^ Huu Phuoc Le (2010). Buddhist
Buddhist
Architecture. Grafikol. pp. 71–. ISBN 978-0-9844043-0-8. 

Coordinates: 23°30′N 91°00′E / 23.5°N 91.0°E

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