Samantha Cristoforetti
   HOME

TheInfoList




Captain Captain is a title for the commander of a military unit, the commander of a ship, aeroplane, spacecraft, or other vessel, or the commander of a port, fire department or police department, election precinct, etc. The captain is a military rank in a ...

Captain
Samantha Cristoforetti,
OMRI Omri ( he, עָמְרִי, ''‘Omrī''; fl. 9th century BC) was the sixth Kingdom of Israel (Samaria), king of Israel. He was a successful military campaigner who extended the northern kingdom of Israel. Other monarchs from the House of Omri are A ...
(; born 26 April 1977) is an Italian
European Space Agency , owner = , headquarters = Paris Paris () is the Capital city, capital and List of communes in France with over 20,000 inhabitants, most populous city of France, with an estimated population of 2,175,601 residents , in an area ...

European Space Agency
astronaut, former
Italian Air Force , colours = , colours_label = , march = (Ordinance March of the Air Force) by Alberto Di Miniello , mascot = , anniversaries = 28 March ...
pilot and engineer. She holds the record for the longest uninterrupted spaceflight by a European astronaut (199 days, 16 hours), and until June 2017 held the record for the longest single space flight by a woman until this was broken by
Peggy Whitson Peggy Annette Whitson (born February 9, 1960) is an American biochemistry Biochemistry or biological chemistry, is the study of chemical process In a scientific Science () is a systematic enterprise that Scientific method, builds and ...

Peggy Whitson
and later by
Christina Koch Christina Hammock Koch (; born January 29, 1979) is an American engineer and NASA astronaut of the class of 2013. She received Bachelor of Science degrees in Electrical Engineering and Physics and a Master of Science in Electrical Engineering fr ...
. She is also the first Italian woman in space. She is scheduled to take command of ISS Expedition 68 in 2022. In December 2021,
Politico Europe ''Politico Europe'' (stylized as ''POLITICO Europe'') is the European edition of the American news organization ''Politico'' reporting on political affairs of the European Union. Its headquarters are located in Brussels with additional offices in ...
named her as one of the "dreamers" in its annual list of the 28 most influential people in Europe.


Early life

Cristoforetti was born in
Milan Milan (, , Milanese: ; it, Milano ) is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the List of cities in Italy, second-most populous city proper in Italy after Rome. The city proper has a population of about 1.4 million, while its ...

Milan
in 1977. She spent her childhood in Malè, in
Val di Sole The Sole Valley ( lld, Val de Sól, it, Val di Sole or , german: Sulztal) is a valley in Trentino, northern Italy. Sole Valley applies to the Vermiglio Valley, the east-west aligned valley of the river Noce (river), Noce and its sidevalleys, a ...
,
Trentino Trentino ( lld, Trentin) officially the Autonomous Province of Trento, is an autonomous The federal subject The federal subjects of Russia, also referred to as the subjects of the Russian Federation (russian: субъекты Рос ...
, Italy. When she was 18, she took an AFS exchange program to the US and attended Space Camp.


Career

She studied in
Bolzano Bolzano ( or ; german: Bozen (formerly ), ; bar, Bozn; lld, Balsan or ) is the capital city A capital or capital city is the municipality holding primary status in a Department (country subdivision), department, country, Constituent state, ...

Bolzano
and
Trento Trento ( or ; Ladin and lmo, Trent; german: Trient ; cim, Tria; ), also anglicized as Trent, is a city on the Adige River The Adige (; german: Etsch ; vec, Àdexe ; rm, ; lld, Adesc; la, Athesis; grc, Ἄθεσις, Áthesis, or , '' ...

Trento
and graduated from the
Technical University of Munich The Technical University of Munich (TUM or TU Munich) (german: Technische Universität München) is a public research university A research university is a university A university ( la, universitas, 'a whole') is an educational institution ...
with a degree in Mechanical Engineering. She studied at the École nationale supérieure de l'aéronautique et de l'espace in
Toulouse Toulouse ( , ; oc, Tolosa ) is the prefecture A prefecture (from the Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area ...

Toulouse
, France, and at the
Mendeleev Russian University of Chemistry and Technology D. Mendeleev University of Chemical Technology of Russia is a public university based in Moscow, Russia. It is the largest Higher education, higher educational institution and research center of chemistry and chemical engineering in Russia, and on ...
in
Moscow Moscow ( , American English, US chiefly ; rus, links=no, Москва, r=Moskva, p=mɐˈskva, a=Москва.ogg) is the Capital city, capital and List of cities and towns in Russia by population, largest city of Russia. The city stands on the ...

Moscow
. She graduated in Aeronautics Sciences ( University 'Federico II',
Naples Naples (; it, Napoli ; nap, Napule ), from grc, Νεάπολις, Neápolis, lit=new city. is the regional capital of and the third-largest city of , after and , with a population of 967,069 within the city's administrative limits as of ...

Naples
) at the
Accademia Aeronautica The Accademia Aeronautica is the Italian Air Force , colours = , colours_label = , march = (Ordinance March of the Air Force) by Alberto Di Miniello , mascot ...
in
Pozzuoli Pozzuoli (; ; ) is a city and ''comune'' of the Metropolitan City of Naples, in the Italy, Italian region of Campania. It is the main city of the Campi Flegrei, Phlegrean Peninsula. History Pozzuoli began as the Greek colony of ''Dicaearchia'' ...
, becoming one of the first women to be a lieutenant and fighter pilot in the
Italian Air Force , colours = , colours_label = , march = (Ordinance March of the Air Force) by Alberto Di Miniello , mascot = , anniversaries = 28 March ...
. She is the second Space Camp alumnus in orbit. As part of her training, she completed the Euro-NATO Joint Jet Pilot training. She has logged over 500 hours and has flown six types of military aircraft:
SF-260 The SIAI-Marchetti SF.260 (now Leonardo SF-260) is an Italian light aircraft which has been commonly marketed as a military trainer aircraft, trainer and aerobatics aircraft. The SF.260 was designed by Italian aircraft designer Stelio Frati, whil ...
, T-37, Northrop T-38 Talon, T-38, Aermacchi MB-339, MB-339A, MB-339CD and AMX International AMX, AM-X.


In ESA

Cristoforetti was officially selected as an astronaut in 2009 by the European Space Agency, from a population of 8000 applicants.


Expedition 42/43

On 3 July 2012, the
European Space Agency , owner = , headquarters = Paris Paris () is the Capital city, capital and List of communes in France with over 20,000 inhabitants, most populous city of France, with an estimated population of 2,175,601 residents , in an area ...

European Space Agency
announced that Cristoforetti was set for a long-duration mission to the International Space Station, ISS in 2014. On 23 November 2014, Soyuz TMA-15M, carrying Cristoforetti and two other astronauts launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. It successfully docked at the International Space Station roughly six hours later. Cristoforetti, along with her crew mates, returned safely from the ISS on 11 June 2015. She stayed 199 days in space and so became the holder of the record for the longest single mission for a woman. Previously, the NASA astronaut Sunita Williams held that record with 195 days after her Expedition 33 mission to the ISS. Cristoforetti's record was beaten on 5 June 2017 by
Peggy Whitson Peggy Annette Whitson (born February 9, 1960) is an American biochemistry Biochemistry or biological chemistry, is the study of chemical process In a scientific Science () is a systematic enterprise that Scientific method, builds and ...

Peggy Whitson
during Expedition 52 and on 28 December 2019 by
Christina Koch Christina Hammock Koch (; born January 29, 1979) is an American engineer and NASA astronaut of the class of 2013. She received Bachelor of Science degrees in Electrical Engineering and Physics and a Master of Science in Electrical Engineering fr ...
during Expedition 60. Cristoforetti's first mission to the ISS was called ''Futura''. During her stay she performed numerous scientific experiments simulating prolonged stay in space and Lunar and Mars orbit. She was the primary operator during the undocking of the ATV-5. In February 2015, she began the outreach program "Mission X: Train Like an Astronaut", where students 8–12 years old were challenged to get fit during a nine-week program, while Cristoforetti trained in space. Other outreach activities included learning how Spirulina (dietary supplement), the ''Spirulina'' algae can be a source of food, while creating photosynthesis in a recycled air environment. Cristoforetti was slated for 1, up to possibly 3, space walks, however when part of her personal EVA equipment was lost due to the failed launch of the Orbital Cygnus CRS Orb-3, Cygnus Orb-3 mission in October 2014, those EVAs were scrapped. That equipment for the ISS crew was on board of the failed Orb-3 mission is clear from the manifest of its cargo, which listed: "Total Cargo: 2,215 kg (With packaging: 2,296 kg) of which EVA Equipment: 66 kg." Cristoforetti has been photographed with references to the ''Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy'' on her shirt while her crewmate Anton Shkaplerov had a shirt with the Answer to the Ultimate Question of Life, the Universe, and Everything (being 42). ISS Expedition Mission 42 blog has a special section called "don't panic". In April 2015, the Dragon capsule delivered the ISSpresso, the first zero-G espresso machine which Cristoforetti installed. On 3 May 2015 she brewed the first cup of espresso in space and posted a picture of herself on Twitter, wearing a Starfleet uniform while drinking the espresso, with the comment "'There's coffee in that nebula'... ehm, I mean... in that #Dragon" (referencing Kathryn Janeway, Captain Janeway from ''Star Trek: Voyager'', and The Cloud (Star Trek: Voyager), her love of coffee). On 28 February 2015, the day following the death of Leonard Nimoy, who portrayed Mr. Spock on ''Star Trek'', she photographed herself in the ''Cupola'', wearing a Starfleet pin on her shirt and giving the Vulcan salute. A one-month delay after the failure of two Russian rockets extended her stay in space past the European astronaut and female astronaut endurance records. On 16 July 2015, she was awarded the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic (Italian: Ordine al merito della Repubblica Italiana) by Sergio Mattarella, Italian President Mattarella, who said: "She has been followed with affection and love by all Italians." The Order of Merit is the highest ranking honour of the Republic.


Expedition 67/68

Cristoforetti has been assigned to fly to the International Space Station a second time in spring 2022. She will be flying on the fourth mission of NASA's Commercial Crew Program, SpaceX Crew-4 on a SpaceX Crew Dragon spacecraft. Cristoforetti's second mission to the ISS is called ''Minerva''.


NEEMO 23

Cristoforetti commanded NEEMO mission 23 from 10 to 22 June 2019. This mission tested technologies and objectives for deep space mission and lunar explorations on the seafloor.


Personal life

Cristoforetti can speak Italian, English, German, French, and Russian, and she is currently studying Chinese. In November 2016, Cristoforetti gave birth to a girl in Cologne, Germany. According to an Italian article, the child's father is an astronaut instructor and he is French.


Bibliography

*''Diary of an Apprentice Astronaut'' - by Samantha Cristoforetti - 2020 -


Honours and decorations

* Commander of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic on 6 March 2013 * Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic on 16 July 2015


See also

*Women in space *Italian Space Agency (''Agenzia Spaziale Italiana'', ASI) *''A Beautiful Planet'' - 2016 IMAX documentary film showing scenes of Earth which features Cristoforetti and other ISS astronauts.


References


External links


Spacefacts biography of Samantha Cristoforetti

June 12 2015 Interview after Landing

ESA Samantha Cristoforetti website
{{DEFAULTSORT:Cristoforetti, Samantha 1977 births Living people Military personnel from Milan Women astronauts Italian astronauts Italian aviators Italian Air Force personnel Technical University of Munich alumni Knights Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic People from Trentino University of Naples Federico II alumni ESA astronauts Engineers from Milan