Salzburg (German pronunciation:
[ˈzaltsbʊɐ̯k] ( listen);[note 1] Austro-Bavarian:
Såizburg; literally: "Salt Fortress") is the fourth-largest city in
Austria and the capital of the federal state of Salzburg.
Salzburg's "Old Town" (Altstadt) is internationally renowned for its
baroque architecture and is one of the best-preserved city centers
north of the Alps. It was listed as a UNESCO
World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site in
1997. The city has three universities and a large population of
students. Tourists also visit
Salzburg to tour the historic center and
the scenic Alpine surroundings.
Salzburg was the birthplace of 18th-century composer Wolfgang Amadeus
Mozart. In the mid‑20th century, the city was the setting for the
musical play and film The Sound of Music.
1.1 Antiquity to the High Middle Ages
1.3 Modern era
1.3.1 Religious conflict
1.4 Electorate of Salzburg
1.5 Austrian annexation of Salzburg
Salzburg under Bavarian rule
1.7 Division of
Salzburg and annexation by
Austria and Bavaria
1.8 20th century
1.8.1 First republic
1.8.2 Annexation by the Third Reich
1.8.3 World War II
1.8.4 Present day
3 Population development
4.1 Romanesque and Gothic
Renaissance and baroque
4.3 Classical modernism and post-war modernism
4.4 Contemporary architecture
6 Main sights
7.1 Universities and higher education institutions
8 Notable citizens
11 Popular culture
13.2 Ice hockey
13.3 Other sports
14 International relations
14.1 Twin towns—sister cities
16 See also
20 External links
See also: Timeline of Salzburg
Antiquity to the High Middle Ages
Traces of human settlements have been found in the area, dating to the
Neolithic Age. The first settlements in
Salzburg continuous with the
present were apparently by the
Celts around the 5th century BC.
Around 15 BC the
Roman Empire merged the settlements into one
city. At this time, the city was called "Juvavum" and was awarded the
status of a Roman municipium in 45 AD. Juvavum developed into an
important town of the
Roman province of Noricum. After the Norican
frontiers collapse, Juvavum declined so sharply that by the late 7th
century it nearly became a ruin.
The Life of Saint Rupert credits the 8th-century saint with the city's
Theodo of Bavaria
Theodo of Bavaria asked Rupert to become bishop
c. 700, Rupert reconnoitered the river for the site of his
basilica. Rupert chose Juvavum, ordained priests, and annexed the
manor Piding. Rupert named the city "Salzburg". He traveled to
evangelise among pagans.
Salzburg means "Salt Castle" (Latin: Salis Burgium). The name
derives from the barges carrying salt on the
Salzach River, which were
subject to a toll in the 8th century as was customary for many
communities and cities on European rivers. The Festung Hohensalzburg,
the city's fortress, was built in 1077 by
Archbishop Gebhard, who made
it his residence. It was greatly expanded during the following
Bavaria was secured in the late 14th century.
Salzburg was the seat of the Archbishopric of Salzburg, a
prince-bishopric of the Holy Roman Empire. As the reformation movement
gained steam, riots broke out among peasants in the areas in and
around Salzburg. The city was occupied during the German Peasants'
War, and the archbishop had to flee to the safety of the fortress
It was besieged for three months in 1525.
Eventually, tensions were quelled, and the city's independence led to
an increase in wealth and prosperity, culminating in the late 16th to
18th centuries under the Prince Archbishops Wolf Dietrich von
Raitenau, Markus Sittikus, and Paris Lodron. It was in the 17th
century that Italian architects (and Austrians who had studied the
Baroque style) rebuilt the city center as it is today along with many
Mozart was born in Salzburg, capital of the Archbishopric of Salzburg,
a former ecclesiastical principality in what is now Austria, then part
of the Holy
Roman Empire of the German Nation
On 31 October 1731, the 214th anniversary of the 95 Theses, Archbishop
Leopold Anton von Firmian
Leopold Anton von Firmian signed an Edict of Expulsion, the
Emigrationspatent, directing all Protestant citizens to recant their
non-Catholic beliefs. 21,475 citizens refused to recant their beliefs
and were expelled from Salzburg. Most of them accepted an offer by
King Friedrich Wilhelm I of Prussia, traveling the length and breadth
Germany to their new homes in East Prussia. The rest settled in
other Protestant states in Europe and the British colonies in America.
In 1772–1803, under archbishop Hieronymus Graf von Colloredo,
Salzburg was a centre of late Illuminism.
Electorate of Salzburg
In 1803, the archbishopric was secularised by Emperor Napoleon; he
transferred the territory to Ferdinando III of Tuscany, former Grand
Duke of Tuscany, as the Electorate of Salzburg.
Austrian annexation of Salzburg
Salzburg was annexed to the Austrian Empire, along with the
Salzburg under Bavarian rule
In 1809, the territory of
Salzburg was transferred to the Kingdom of
Bavaria after Austria's defeat at Wagram.
Salzburg and annexation by
Austria and Bavaria
Congress of Vienna
Congress of Vienna with the Treaty of
Salzburg was definitively returned to Austria, but without Rupertigau
and Berchtesgaden, which remained with Bavaria.
integrated into the
Salzach province and
Salzburgerland was ruled from
In 1850, Salzburg's status was restored as the capital of the Duchy of
Salzburg, a crownland of the Austrian Empire. The city became part of
Austria-Hungary in 1866 as the capital of a crownland into the
Austrian Empire. The nostalgia of the
Romantic Era led to increased
tourism. In 1892, a funicular was installed to facilitate tourism to
the fortress of Hohensalzburg
Salzburg in 1914
Following World War I and the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian
Empire; Salzburg, as the capital of one of the Austro-Hungarian
territories, became part of the new German Austria. In 1918, it
represented the residual German-speaking territories of the Austrian
heartlands. This was replaced by the
First Austrian Republic
First Austrian Republic in 1919,
after the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye (1919).
Annexation by the Third Reich
Young Austrians at celebrations just after the Anschluss
Anschluss (the occupation and annexation of Austria, including
Salzburg, into the Third Reich) took place on 12 March 1938, one day
before a scheduled referendum on Austria's independence. German troops
moved into the city. Political opponents, Jewish citizens and other
minorities were subsequently arrested and deported to concentration
camps. The synagogue was destroyed. After
Germany invaded the Soviet
Union, several POW camps for prisoners from the
Soviet Union and other
enemy nations were organized in the city.
During the Nazi occupation, a Romani camp was built in
Salzburg-Maxglan. It was an Arbeitserziehungslager (work 'education'
camp), which provided slave labour to local industry. It also operated
as a Zwischenlager (transit camp), holding Roma before their
deportation to German extermination camps or ghettos in
German-occupied territories in eastern Europe.
World War II
Allied bombing destroyed 7,600 houses and killed 550 inhabitants.
Fifteen strikes destroyed 46 percent of the city's buildings,
especially those around
Salzburg train station. Although the town's
bridges and the dome of the cathedral were destroyed, much of its
Baroque architecture remained intact. As a result,
Salzburg is one of
the few remaining examples of a town of its style. American troops
entered the city on 5 May 1945 and it became the centre of the
American-occupied area in Austria. Several displaced persons camps
were established in Salzburg—among them Riedenburg, Camp Herzl
(Franz-Josefs-Kaserne), Camp Mülln, Bet Bialik, Bet Trumpeldor, and
After World War II,
Salzburg became the capital city of the State
Salzburg (Land Salzburg). On 27 January 2006, the 250th anniversary
of the birth of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, all 35 churches of Salzburg
rang their bells after 8:00 p.m. (local time) to celebrate the
occasion. Major celebrations took place throughout the year.
As of 2017
Salzburg had a GDP per capita of €46,100, which was
greater than the average for
Austria and for most European
Salzburg is on the banks of the
Salzach River, at the northern
boundary of the Alps. The mountains to Salzburg's south contrast with
the rolling plains to the north. The closest alpine peak, the
1,972‑metre-high Untersberg, is less than 16 kilometres (10 miles)
from the city centre. The Altstadt, or "old town", is dominated by its
baroque towers and churches and the massive Festung Hohensalzburg.
This area is surrounded by two smaller mountains, the
Kapuzinerberg, which offer green relief within the city.
approximately 150 km (93 mi) east of Munich, 281 km
(175 mi) northwest of Ljubljana, Slovenia, and 300 km
(186 mi) west of Vienna.
Salzburg is part of the temperate zone. The Köppen climate
classification specifies the climate as a humid continental climate
(Dfb), however, with the −3 °C (27 °F) isotherm for the
Salzburg can be classified as a four-season oceanic
climate with significant temperature differences between seasons. Due
to the location at the northern rim of the Alps, the amount of
precipitation is comparatively high, mainly in the summer months. The
specific drizzle is called Schnürlregen in the local dialect. In
winter and spring, pronounced foehn winds regularly occur.
Climate data for Salzburg-Flughafen (LOWS)
Record high °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Average snowfall cm (inches)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)
Average snowy days (≥ 1.0 cm)
Mean monthly sunshine hours
Source: Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (June
Source: Statistik Austria
Largest groups of foreign residents
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Salzburg's official population significantly increased in 1935 when
the city absorbed adjacent municipalities. After World War II,
numerous refugees found a new home in the city. New residential space
was constructed for American soldiers of the postwar occupation, and
could be used for refugees when they left. Around 1950, Salzburg
passed the mark of 100,000 citizens, and in 2006, it reached the mark
of 150,000 citizens.
Sigmund Haffner Gasse – Rathaus.
Romanesque and Gothic
The Romanesque and Gothic churches, the monasteries and the early
carcass houses dominated the medieval city for a long time. The
Conrad of Wittelsbach
Conrad of Wittelsbach was the largest basilica
north of the Alps. The choir of the Franciscan Church Hall,
construction was begun by
Hans von Burghausen and completed by Stephan
Krumenauer, is one of the most prestigious religious gothic
constructions of southern Germany. At the end of the Gothic era the
Collegiate church "Nonnberg", Margaret Chapel in St. Peter's
Cemetery, the St. George's Chapel and the stately halls of the
"Hoher Stock" in the
Hohensalzburg Castle were constructed.
Renaissance and baroque
Inspired by Vincenzo Scamozzi, Prince
Archbishop Wolf Dietrich von
Raitenau began to transform the medieval town to the architectural
ideals of the late Renaissance. Plans for a massive cathedral by
Scamozzi failed to materialize upon the fall of the archbishop. A
second cathedral planned by
Santino Solari rose as the first early
Baroque church in Salzburg. It served as an example for many other
churches in Southern
Germany and Austria. Markus Sittikus and Paris
von Lodron continued to rebuild the city with major projects such as
Hellbrunn Palace, the prince archbishop's residence, the university
buildings, fortifications, and many other buildings. Giovanni Antonio
Daria managed by order of Prince
Archbishop Guido von Thun the
construction of the residential well. Giovanni Gaspare Zuccalli, by
order of the same archbishop, created the Erhard and the Kajetan
church in the south of the town. The city's redesign was completed
with buildings designed by Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach, donated
Archbishop Johann Ernst von Thun.
After the era of Ernst von Thun, the city's expansion came to a halt,
which is the reason why there are no churches built in the rococo
Sigismund von Schrattenbach
Sigismund von Schrattenbach continued with the construction of
"Sigmundstor" and the statue of holy Maria on the cathedral square.
With the fall and division of the former "Fürsterzbistums Salzburg"
(Archbishopric) to Upper Austria,
Bavaria (Rupertigau) and Tyrol
(Zillertal Matrei) began a long period of urban stagnancy. This era
didn't end before the period of promoterism (Gründerzeit) brought new
life into urban development. The builder dynasty Jakob Ceconi and Carl
Freiherr von Schwarz filled major positions in shaping the city in
Classical modernism and post-war modernism
Red Bull Hangar-7
Residential and studio house Lechner in the old town
Buildings of classical modernism and in particular the post-war
modernism are frequently encountered in Salzburg. Examples are the
Zahnwurzen house (a house in the Linzergasse 22 in the right
center of the old town), the "Lepi" (a public baths in Leopoldskron)
(built 1964) and the original 1957 constructed congress center of
Salzburg, which was replaced by a new building in 2001. An important
and famous example of architecture of this era is the 1960 opening of
Großes Festspielhaus by Clemens Holzmeister.
Adding contemporary architecture to Salzburg's old town without
risking its UNESCO World Heritage status is problematic. Yet some new
structures have been added: the
Mozarteum at the baroque Mirabell
garden (Architecture Robert Rechenauer), the 2001 Congress house
(Architecture: Freemasons), the 2011 Unipark Nonntal (Architecture:
Storch Ehlers partners), the 2001 "Makartsteg" bridge (Architecture:
HALLE1), and the "Residential and studio house" of the architects
Christine and Horst Lechner in the middle of Salzburg's old town
(winner of the architecture award of
Salzburg 2010). Other
examples of contemporary architecture lie outside the old town: the
Faculty of Science building (Universität
Salzburg – Architecture
Willhelm Holzbauer) built on the edge of free green space, the blob
Red Bull Hangar‑7 (Architecture: Volkmar
Salzburg Airport, home to Dietrich Mateschitz's
Flying Bulls and the Europark shopping mall. (Architecture:
Districts of Salzburg
View from Mirabellgarten at night
Salzburg has twenty-four urban districts and three extra-urban
Urban districts (Stadtteile):
Extra-urban populations (Landschaftsräume):
Gardens in Mirabell Palace, with
Salzburg fortress in the distance
The famous fountain in Mirabell Gardens (seen in the "Do-Re-Mi" song
from The Sound of Music)
View of shoppers on Getreidegasse, which is one of the oldest streets
The Sunset at the Staatsbrücke
Salzburg is a tourist favourite, with the number of tourists
outnumbering locals by a large margin in peak times. In addition to
Mozart's birthplace noted above, other notable places include:
Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg, declared a World Heritage
Site in 1996
Baroque architecture, including many churches
Salzburg Cathedral (Salzburger Dom)
Hohensalzburg Castle (Festung Hohensalzburg), overlooking the Old
Town, is one of the largest castles in Europe
Franciscan Church (Franziskanerkirche)
St Peter's Abbey with the Petersfriedhof
Nonnberg Abbey, a Benedictine monastery
Salzburg Residenz, the magnificent former residence of the
Residenzgalerie, an art museum in the
Siegmundstor (or Neutor)
Sphaera, a sculpture of a man on a golden sphere (Stephan Balkenhol,
Outside the Old Town
Mirabell Palace, with its wide gardens full of flowers
St. Sebastian's cemetery (Sebastiansfriedhof)
Schloss Leopoldskron, a rococo palace and national historic monument
in Leopoldskron-Moos, a southern district of Salzburg
Hellbrunn with its parks and castles
The Sound of Music tour companies who operate tours of film locations
Hangar-7, a multifunctional building owned by Red Bull, with a
collection of historical airplanes, helicopters and
Formula One racing
Anif Castle, located south of the city in Anif
Shrine of Our Lady of Maria Plain, a late
Baroque church on the
northern edge of Salzburg
Salzburger Freilichtmuseum Großgmain, an open-air museum containing
old farmhouses from all over the state assembled in an historic
Schloss Klessheim, a palace and casino, formerly used by Adolf Hitler
Berghof, Hitler's mountain retreat near Berchtesgaden
Kehlsteinhaus, the only remnant of Hitler's Berghof
Salzkammergut, an area of lakes east of the city
Untersberg mountain, next to the city on the Germany-
with panoramic views of
Salzburg and the surrounding Alps
Skiing is an attraction during winter.
Salzburg itself has no skiing
facilities, but it acts as a gateway to skiing areas to the south.
During the winter months its airport receives charter flights from
Salzburg Zoo, located south of the city in Anif
Salzburg is a centre of education and home to three universities, as
well as several professional colleges and gymnasiums (high schools).
Universities and higher education institutions
University of Salzburg, a federal public university
Paracelsus Private Medical University of Salzburg
Mozarteum University of Salzburg, a public music university
Alma Mater Europaea, a private university
Fachhochschule Salzburg, an applied sciences school
Salzburg Experimental Academy for Dance
Saint Liutberga (died c. 870).
Mozart's birthplace at
The composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, born and raised in Salzburg, was
employed as musician at the archbishopal court from 1773 to 1781. His
house of birth and residence are tourist attractions. His family is
buried in a small church graveyard in the old town, and there are many
monuments to "Wolferl" in the city.
The composer Johann Michael Haydn, brother of the composer Joseph
Haydn. His works were admired by Mozart and Schubert. He was also the
Carl Maria von Weber
Carl Maria von Weber and
Anton Diabelli and is known for
his sacred music.
Christian Doppler, expert on acoustic theory, was born in Salzburg. He
is most known for his discovery of the Doppler effect.
Josef Mohr, born in Salzburg. Together with Franz Gruber, he composed
and wrote the text for "Silent Night". As a priest in neighbouring
Oberndorf he performed the song for the first time on Christmas Eve
Otto of Greece
Otto of Greece was born Prince Otto Friedrich Ludwig of Bavaria
at the Palace of Mirabell, a few days before the city reverted from
Bavarian to Austrian rule.
Writer Stefan Zweig, lived in
Salzburg for about 15 years, until 1934.
Maria von Trapp
Maria von Trapp (later Maria Trapp) and her family lived in Salzburg
until they fled to the United States following the Nazi takeover.
Salzburg is the birthplace of Hans Makart, a 19th-century Austrian
painter-decorator and national celebrity. Makartplatz (Makart Square)
is named in his honour.
Writer Thomas Bernhard, raised in
Salzburg and spent part of his life
Herbert von Karajan, notable musician and conductor. He was born in
Salzburg and died in 1989 in neighbouring Anif.
Formula One driver, was born in Salzburg. He died
in practice for the 1994 San Marino Grand Prix.
Joseph Leutgeb, French horn virtuoso.
Klaus Ager, distinguished contemporary composer and Mozarteum
professor, was born in
Salzburg on 10 May 1946.
Alex Jesaulenko, former Australian rules footballer for Carlton and
Australian Football Hall of Fame
Australian Football Hall of Fame member with "Legend" status was born
Salzburg on 2 August 1945.
Georg Trakl, one of the most important voices in German literature and
he was also born in Salzburg.
Theodor Herzl, worked in the courts in
Salzburg during the year after
he earned his law degree in 1884.
Skydiver and BASE Jumper Felix Baumgartner, who set three world
records during the
Red Bull Stratos project on 14 October 2012.
Salzburg Festival is a famous music festival that attracts
visitors during the months of July and August each year. A smaller
Salzburg Easter Festival is held around Easter each year.
The Europrix multimedia award takes place in Salzburg.
Map of the
Salzburg trolleybus system.
The city is served by comprehensive rail connections, with frequent
east–west trains serving Vienna, Munich, Innsbruck, and Zürich,
including daily high-speed ICE services. The city acts as a hub for
south-bound trains through the
Alps into Italy.
Salzburg Airport has scheduled flights to European cities such as
Frankfurt, Vienna, London, Rotterdam, Amsterdam, Brussels,
Düsseldorf, and Zürich, as well as Hamburg,
Edinburgh and Dublin. In
addition to these, there are numerous charter flights.
In the main city, there is the
Salzburg trolleybus system and bus
system with a total of more than 20 lines, and service every 10
Salzburg has an
S-Bahn system with four Lines (S1, S2, S3,
S11), trains depart from the main station every 30 minutes, and they
are part of the
ÖBB network. Suburb line number S1 reaches the
world-famous Silent Night chapel in Oberndorf in about 25 minutes.
In the 1960s, the movie The Sound of Music used some locations in and
Salzburg and the state of Salzburg. The movie was based on the
true story of Maria von Trapp, who took up with an aristocratic family
and fled the German Anschluss. Although the film is not particularly
popular nor well known among Austrians, the town draws many visitors
who wish to visit the filming locations, alone or on tours.
Salzburg is the setting for the Austrian crime series Stockinger.
In the 2010 film Knight & Day,
Salzburg serves as the backdrop for
a large portion of the film.
Austrian German is widely written.
Austro-Bavarian is the German
dialect of this territory and widely spoken.
The former SV
Salzburg reached the
UEFA Cup final in 1994. On
6 April 2005
Red Bull bought the club and changed its name into FC Red
Bull Salzburg. The home stadium of
Salzburg is the Wals
Siezenheim Stadium in a suburb in the agglomeration of
was one of the venues for the 2008 European Football Championship. The
Salzburg plays in the Austrian Bundesliga.
Red Bull had bought the SV
Salzburg and changed its name
and team colors, some supporters of the club decided to leave and form
a new club with the old name and old colors, wanting to preserve the
traditions of their club. The reformed SV
Salzburg was founded
in 2005 and currently plays in the Erste Liga, only one tier below the
Red Bull also sponsors the local ice hockey team, the EC
Bulls. The team plays in the Erste Bank Eishockey Liga, an
Austria-headquartered crossborder league featuring the best teams from
Slovenia and Italy, as well as one Czech team.
Salzburg was a candidate city for the 2010 & 2014 Winter Olympics,
but lost to
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Austria
Twin towns—sister cities
Salzburg is twinned with:
Reims, Marne, Grand Est, France, since 1964
Verona, Verona, Veneto, Italy, since 1973
León, Nicaragua, since 1984
Singida, Tanzania, since 1984
Busseto, Parma, Emilia-Romagna, Italy, since 1988
Vilnius, Lithuania, since 1989
Dresden, Saxony, Germany, since 1991
Kawasaki, Japan, since 1992
Meran, South Tyrol, Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, Italy, since 2000
Shanghai, China, since 2004
Salzburg seen on takeoff from
The fortress (background),
Salzburg Cathedral (middle), River Salzach
A sunny day on the fortress
Festung Hohensalzburg (background), Kapitel Square with the
ÖBB rail connection to
Salzburg in Innsbruck
Fountain in the Residenzplatz
Palace of Mirabell.
View of the old town and fortress, seen from Kapuzinerberg
Children playing the giant street chess
A night time long exposure of Salzburg
Salzburg old town with a typical narrow alleyway
Salzburg Altstadt Panorama
Salzburg panorama as seen from the
List of World Heritage Sites in Austria
Salzburg Tourism board
^ English: /ˈsæltsbɜːrɡ, ˈsɔːlts-, ˈsɔːlz-, ˈsælz-,
Austria - Bevölkerung zu Jahresbeginn 2002-2016 nach
Gemeinden (Gebietsstand 1.1.2016) for Salzburg.
^ "Saltsburg" in the American Heritage Dictionary Archived September
27, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
^ "Salzburg" in the Oxford English Dictionary
^ de Fabianis, Valeria, ed. Castles of the World. Metro Books, 2013,
p. 167. ISBN 978-1-4351-4845-1
^ de Fabianis, p. 167.
^ de Fabianis, p. 167
^ Visit Salzburg, Salzburg's History: Coming a Long Way.
^ Frank L. Perry, Jr., Catholics Cleanse
Salzburg of Protestants, The
Georgia Salzburger Society.
^ Times Atlas of European History, 3rd Ed., 2002
^ de Fabianis, Valeria, ed. Castles of the World. Metro Books, 2013,
p. 168. ISBN 978-1-4351-4845-1
^ "AEIOU Österreich-Lexikon – Konzentrationslager, KZ".
Austria-Forum.org. Retrieved 2013-06-24.
^ E.B. (26 September 2017). "The
Salzburg Festival is a boon to the
local economy". The Economist.
^ "Klimadaten von Österreich 1971 – 2000 – Salzburg-Flughafen".
^ "Statistisches Jahrbuch der Landeshauptstadt Salzburg" (PDF). Stadt
Salzburg. Retrieved 2016-11-03.
^ "Architecture :
Salzburg Sights by Period". Visit-salzburg.net.
^  Archived May 6, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
Salzburg Archived 2013-06-30 at the Wayback Machine.
^ "flow – der VERBUND Blog". Verbund.com. 2012-10-15. Archived from
the original on 2013-02-09. Retrieved 2013-03-12.
^ "Red Bull′s
Salzburg Airport". Visit Salzburg.
Theodor Herzl (1860–1904)". Jewish Agency for Israel. Archived
from the original on September 30, 2009. Retrieved 2009-08-08. He
received a doctorate in law in 1884 and worked for a short while in
Vienna and Salzburg.
^ "Salzburger Städtepartnerschaften" (in German). Stadt Salzburg.
^ "Dresden — Partner Cities". © 2008 Landeshauptstadt Dresden.
Archived from the original on October 16, 2008. Retrieved
See also: Bibliography of the history of Salzburg
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Georgia Salzburger Society – The website of the Georgia
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Principal cities of Austria
Cities and districts (Bezirke) of the state of Salzburg
St. Johann im Pongau
Zell am See
Administrative seats of Austrian states
World Heritage Sites in Austria
Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg
Palace and Gardens of Schönbrunn
Salzkammergut Cultural Landscape
Graz – Historic Centre and Schloss Eggenberg
Wachau Cultural Landscape
Fertő / Neusiedlersee Cultural Landscape1
Historic Centre of Vienna
Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps2
1 Shared with Hungary
2 Shared with France, Germany, Italy,
Slovenia and Switzerland