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Saltaire
Saltaire
is a Victorian model village located in Shipley, part of the City of Bradford
City of Bradford
Metropolitan District, in West Yorkshire, England. The Victorian era
Victorian era
Salt's Mill
Salt's Mill
and associated residential district located by the River Aire
River Aire
and Leeds and Liverpool Canal
Leeds and Liverpool Canal
is a designated UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
and an Anchor Point of the European Route of Industrial Heritage.

Contents

1 History 2 Saltaire
Saltaire
today 3 Proposed bypass 4 Salts Mill
Salts Mill
today 5 Media 6 Photographs 7 Notes 8 References 9 Further reading

History[edit] Saltaire
Saltaire
was built in 1851 by Sir Titus Salt, a leading industrialist in the Yorkshire
Yorkshire
woollen industry. The name of the village is a combination of the founder's surname and the name of the river. Salt moved his business (five separate mills) from Bradford
Bradford
to this site near Shipley to arrange his workers and to site his large textile mill by the Leeds and Liverpool Canal
Leeds and Liverpool Canal
and the railway. Salt employed the local architects Francis Lockwood and Richard Mawson.[1] Similar, but considerably smaller, projects had also been started around the same time by Edward Akroyd
Edward Akroyd
at Copley and by Henry Ripley
Henry Ripley
at Ripley Ville. The cotton mill village of New Lanark, which is also a World Heritage site, was founded by David Dale
David Dale
in 1786. Salt built neat stone houses for his workers (much better than the slums of Bradford), wash-houses with tap water, bath-houses, a hospital and an institute for recreation and education, with a library, a reading room, a concert hall, billiard room, science laboratory and a gymnasium. The village had a school for the children of the workers, almshouses, allotments, a park and a boathouse.[2] Recreational initiatives were also encouraged such as the establishment of a drum and fife band for school age boys and a brass band, precursor of today's Hammonds Saltaire
Saltaire
Band, for men of the village.[3] With the combination of quality housing, employment, recreation, educational facilities and social services the model town represented a landmark example of enlightened 19th century urban planning.[4][5] In October 1872, Saltaire, along with Dean Clough Mill
Dean Clough Mill
in Halifax, were featured highlights of the Japanese Government's Iwakura Mission tour of modern industrial Britain.[6] Sir Titus died in 1876 and was interred in the mausoleum adjacent to the Congregational church. When Sir Titus Salt's son, Titus Salt Junior, died, Saltaire
Saltaire
was taken over by a partnership which included Sir James Roberts from Haworth. Sir James Roberts had worked in wool mills since the age of eleven. He had significant business interests in Russia, and spoke Russian fluently. Roberts came to own Saltaire, but chose to invest his money heavily in Russia, losing some of his fortune in the Russian Revolution. He endowed a chair of Russian at Leeds University
Leeds University
and bought the Brontë's Haworth
Haworth
Parsonage for the nation. He is mentioned in T. S. Eliot's The Waste Land. Roberts is buried at Fairlight, East Sussex.[7] His legacy can still be seen in Saltaire
Saltaire
in the park to the north of the river, which he named Roberts Park after his son when he gave it to Bradford
Bradford
Council in 1920.[8] Saltaire
Saltaire
today[edit]

Saltaire
Saltaire
Village cottages

In December 2001, Saltaire
Saltaire
was designated a World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
by UNESCO.[9] This means that the government has a duty to protect the site. The buildings belonging to the model village are individually listed, with the highest level of protection given to the Congregational church
Congregational church
(since 1972 Saltaire
Saltaire
United Reformed Church) which is listed grade I. The village has survived remarkably complete, but further protection is needed as the village is blighted by traffic through the Aire Valley, an important east-west route. A bypass is proposed to relieve traffic pressure. Roberts Park, on the north side of the river, suffered from neglect and vandalism but has been restored by Bradford
Bradford
Council.[10]

United Reformed Church, Saltaire
Saltaire
Village

Saltaire
Saltaire
is a conservation area. Victoria Hall (originally the Saltaire
Saltaire
Institute) is used for meetings and concerts, and houses a Wurlitzer
Wurlitzer
theatre pipe organ.[11] The village is served by Saltaire railway station. The Saltaire
Saltaire
Festival, which first took place in 2003 to celebrate the 150th anniversary of the foundation of Saltaire, is held every year over eleven days in September. Saltaire
Saltaire
Arts Trail is a visual arts festival that takes place each May, where residents open the doors of their homes to become temporary art galleries. Politically, Saltaire
Saltaire
is part of the Shipley electoral ward of the City of Bradford, and part of the parliamentary constituency of Shipley, currently represented by Philip Davies
Philip Davies
of the Conservatives. From 1999 to 2005, parliamentarians from three chambers, Chris Leslie MP in the House of Commons, Lord Wallace of Saltaire
Lord Wallace of Saltaire
in the House of Lords and Richard Corbett
Richard Corbett
MEP in the European Parliament, all lived in Saltaire. In July 2014 it was announced that planning officers had compiled a list of front doors that were deemed to be "not in keeping with the buildings' historic status."[12] Proposed bypass[edit] Saltaire
Saltaire
is surrounded by a buffer zone established to protect the context of the World Heritage Site. Concerns have been raised over plans announced by Bradford
Bradford
Council and Action Airedale
Airedale
to site a bypass through the buffer zone to either side of the World Heritage Site and to tunnel beneath the village.[13] Within sight of the mill, the tunnel would follow the line of the railway and exit behind the United Reformed Church.[14] As it would pass alongside the Leeds and Liverpool Canal, it could impact on this Conservation Area. The route would impact on an ancient semi-natural woodland and the Woodland Garden of Remembrance at Nab Wood Cemetery.[15] Salts Mill
Salts Mill
today[edit] Salts Mill
Salts Mill
closed as a textile mill in February 1986, and Jonathan Silver bought it the following year and began renovating it.[1] Today it houses a mixture of business, commerce, leisure and residential use. In the main mill building are:

The 1853 gallery: several large rooms given over to the works of the Bradford-born artist David Hockney: including paintings, drawings, photomontages and stage sets. Industrial companies including the electronics manufacturer Pace plc. Various shops. In 2006 there are shops selling books, art supplies, jewellery, outdoor wear, antiques, suits, bicycles and housewares; the last includes pieces by internationally known designers such as Alvar Aalto and Philippe Starck. Restaurants and cafes.

The "New Mill", on the other side of the canal, is divided between offices for the local National Health Service
National Health Service
Trusts and residential flats. Media[edit] Some footage of Saltaire
Saltaire
and the nearby Shipley Glen Tramway
Shipley Glen Tramway
can be seen in the Yorkshire
Yorkshire
Film Archive: Shipley Glen (1914) A short clip showing workers leaving Salt's Mill
Salt's Mill
on 24 July 1900 is available on the British Film Institute
British Film Institute
website. [16] The village was used as a location for the 2015 BBC television film An Inspector Calls.[17] Photographs[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Saltaire.

Victoria Hall, Saltaire
Victoria Hall, Saltaire
Village

Salts Mill

Salts Mill
Salts Mill
and River Aire

Salts Mill

Notes[edit]

^ a b Greenhalf 1997 ^ Holroyd 1873 ^ "History: 1855 to 1894". The Hammonds Saltaire
Saltaire
Band. Retrieved 21 December 2015.  ^ Bell, C. and R. (1972) City Fathers: The early history of town planning in Britain, Penguin, Harmondsworth ^ Cherry, G. (1979) 'The Town Planning Movement and the Late Victorian City', Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, New Series, Vol. 4, No. 2, pp. 306–319 ^ Kunitake, Kume (2009). Chushichi Tsuzuki and R. Jules Young, ed. Japan Rising: The Iwakura embassy to the USA and Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 182. ISBN 978-0-521-73516-2.  ^ Holloway 2009 ^ "Roberts Park, Saltaire, Yorkshire". The Victorian Web. 1 October 2012. Retrieved 27 February 2015.  ^ "Saltaire – UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Centre". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 October 2009.  ^ "Roberts Park on schedule for 2010 opening". Bradford
Bradford
Telegraph & Argus. 8 April 2009. Retrieved 17 October 2009.  ^ Tate, Chris (1 February 2013). "Famous Wurlitzer
Wurlitzer
brings the generations together at Victoria Hall, Saltaire". Telegraph and Argus. Retrieved 31 May 2016.  ^ "Enforcement warning by Council as it cracks down on 'rogue' front doors fitted to homes in historic Saltaire". Bradford
Bradford
Telegraph & Argus. 8 July 2014. Retrieved 10 July 2014.  ^ Facts on the proposed bypass ^ Google Maps with proposed tunnel and protected areas. ^ " Saltaire
Saltaire
World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
in Danger". Sweeble. 20 June 2007. Archived from the original on 30 June 2007. Retrieved 31 July 2007.  ^ Workforce Leaving Salt's Works in Saltaire. British Film Institute. 24 July 1900. Retrieved 20 March 2017.  ^ " Saltaire
Saltaire
is filming location for TV adaptation of An Inspector Calls". Telegraph & Argus. 20 February 2015. Retrieved 9 March 2015. 

References[edit]

Greenhalf, Jim (1997). Salt & Silver: A Story of Hope. Bradford Libraries. ISBN 0-907734-52-9.  Holloway, Julia Bolton. "Sir James Roberts". Retrieved 17 October 2009.  Holroyd, Abraham (2000) [1873]. Saltaire
Saltaire
and its Founder. Piroisms Press. ISBN 0-9538601-0-8. 

Further reading[edit]

Binns, Sheila (2013). The Aesthetics of Utopia: Saltaire, Akroydon and Bedford Park, Spire Books, ISBN 978 1 904965 45 9 Saltaire
Saltaire
at Curlie (based on DMOZ). Saltaire
Saltaire
Village website Saltaire
Saltaire
Arts Trail. Saltaire
Saltaire
Inspired: Art in unique spaces. Saltaire United Reformed Church
Saltaire United Reformed Church
Website

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Hadrian's Wall

Ironbridge Gorge Jurassic Coast Kew Royal Botanic Gardens Lake District Liverpool Maritime Mercantile City Maritime Greenwich Saltaire Stonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites Studley Royal Park
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Saltaire
United Reformed Church Salts Mill St Peter's Church, Addingham Victoria Hall White Wells Wool Exchange

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The Broadway Wool Exchange

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Events

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Music Live Bradford
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Mela Moor Music Festival Ilkley
Ilkley
Literature Festival Infest Keighley
Keighley
Festival Saltaire
Saltaire
Festival

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Keighley
Keighley
and Worth Valley
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Railway Saltaire
Saltaire
International Heritage Centre Shipley Glen Tramway Undercliffe Cemetery

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Airedale
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Bradford
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Emerald Group Publishing Keighley
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News Telegraph & Argus

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Pulse 1 Pulse 2 RamAir Sunrise Radio

TV

AAP TV

Organisations

Companies

British Wool Marketing Board Club 18-30 Damart Dean, Smith & Grace Ellis Briggs Findel plc Grattan Greenwoods Hallmark Cards Hield JCT600 Kelda Wm Morrison Supermarkets Mumtaz Group Pace Micro Technology Provident Financial Safestyle UK Seabrook Potato Crisps Sports Turf Research Institute Telegraph & Argus Timothy Taylor Brewery Yorkshire
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bus station Keighley
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Bus Company

Road

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Miscellaneous

BD postcode area Crime History

Tim

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