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SALTAIRE is a Victorian model village located in Shipley , part of the City of Bradford
City of Bradford
Metropolitan District, in West Yorkshire , England. The Victorian era
Victorian era
Salt\'s Mill and associated residential district located by the River Aire
River Aire
and Leeds and Liverpool Canal
Leeds and Liverpool Canal
is a designated UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
and an Anchor Point of the European Route of Industrial Heritage .

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Saltaire
Saltaire
today * 3 Proposed bypass * 4 Salts Mill
Salts Mill
today * 5 Media * 6 Photographs * 7 Notes * 8 References * 9 Further reading

HISTORY

Saltaire
Saltaire
was built in 1851 by Sir Titus Salt
Titus Salt
, a leading industrialist in the Yorkshire
Yorkshire
woollen industry. The name of the village is a combination of the founder's surname and the name of the river. Salt moved his business (five separate mills) from Bradford
Bradford
to this site near Shipley to arrange his workers and to site his large textile mill by the Leeds and Liverpool Canal
Leeds and Liverpool Canal
and the railway. Salt employed the local architects Francis Lockwood and Richard Mawson.

Similar, but considerably smaller, projects had also been started around the same time by Edward Akroyd at Copley and by Henry Ripley at Ripley Ville . The cotton mill village of New Lanark
New Lanark
, which is also a World Heritage site, was founded by David Dale in 1786.

Salt built neat stone houses for his workers (much better than the slums of Bradford), wash-houses with tap water , bath-houses , a hospital and an institute for recreation and education, with a library, a reading room , a concert hall , billiard room, science laboratory and a gymnasium . The village had a school for the children of the workers, almshouses , allotments , a park and a boathouse . Recreational initiatives were also encouraged such as the establishment of a drum and fife band for school age boys and a brass band, precursor of today's Hammonds Saltaire Band , for men of the village.

With the combination of quality housing, employment, recreation, educational facilities and social services the model town represented a landmark example of enlightened 19th century urban planning . In October 1872, Saltaire, along with Dean Clough Mill in Halifax , were featured highlights of the Japanese Government's Iwakura Mission
Iwakura Mission
tour of modern industrial Britain.

Sir Titus died in 1876 and was interred in the mausoleum adjacent to the Congregational church
Congregational church
. When Sir Titus Salt's son, Titus Salt Junior, died, Saltaire
Saltaire
was taken over by a partnership which included Sir James Roberts from Haworth
Haworth
.

Sir James Roberts had worked in wool mills since the age of eleven. He had significant business interests in Russia
Russia
, and spoke Russian fluently . Roberts came to own Saltaire, but chose to invest his money heavily in Russia, losing some of his fortune in the Russian Revolution . He endowed a chair of Russian at Leeds University and bought the Brontë
Brontë
's Haworth
Haworth
Parsonage for the nation. He is mentioned in T. S. Eliot
T. S. Eliot
's The Waste Land
The Waste Land
. Roberts is buried at Fairlight, East Sussex . His legacy can still be seen in Saltaire
Saltaire
in the park to the north of the river, which he named Roberts Park after his son when he gave it to Bradford
Bradford
Council in 1920.

SALTAIRE TODAY

Saltaire
Saltaire
Village cottages

In December 2001, Saltaire
Saltaire
was designated a World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
by UNESCO
UNESCO
. This means that the government has a duty to protect the site. The buildings belonging to the model village are individually listed , with the highest level of protection given to the Congregational church
Congregational church
(since 1972 Saltaire United Reformed Church ) which is listed grade I. The village has survived remarkably complete, but further protection is needed as the village is blighted by traffic through the Aire Valley, an important east-west route. A bypass is proposed to relieve traffic pressure. Roberts Park , on the north side of the river, suffered from neglect and vandalism but has been restored by Bradford
Bradford
Council . United Reformed Church
United Reformed Church
, Saltaire Village

Saltaire
Saltaire
is a conservation area . Victoria Hall (originally the Saltaire
Saltaire
Institute) is used for meetings and concerts, and houses a Wurlitzer theatre pipe organ. The village is served by Saltaire railway station .

The Saltaire Festival , which first took place in 2003 to celebrate the 150th anniversary of the foundation of Saltaire, is held every year over eleven days in September. Saltaire
Saltaire
Arts Trail is a visual arts festival that takes place each May, where residents open the doors of their homes to become temporary art galleries.

Politically, Saltaire
Saltaire
is part of the Shipley electoral ward of the City of Bradford
City of Bradford
, and part of the parliamentary constituency of Shipley, currently represented by Philip Davies
Philip Davies
of the Conservatives . From 1999 to 2005, parliamentarians from three chambers, Chris Leslie MP in the House of Commons, Lord Wallace of Saltaire in the House of Lords and Richard Corbett
Richard Corbett
MEP in the European Parliament, all lived in Saltaire.

In July 2014 it was announced that planning officers had compiled a list of front doors that were deemed to be "not in keeping with the buildings' historic status."

PROPOSED BYPASS

Saltaire
Saltaire
is surrounded by a buffer zone established to protect the context of the World Heritage Site. Concerns have been raised over plans announced by Bradford
Bradford
Council and Action Airedale
Airedale
to site a bypass through the buffer zone to either side of the World Heritage Site and to tunnel beneath the village. Within sight of the mill, the tunnel would follow the line of the railway and exit behind the United Reformed Church. As it would pass alongside the Leeds and Liverpool Canal , it could impact on this Conservation Area. The route would impact on an ancient semi-natural woodland and the Woodland Garden of Remembrance at Nab Wood Cemetery.

SALTS MILL TODAY

Salts Mill
Salts Mill
closed as a textile mill in February 1986, and Jonathan Silver bought it the following year and began renovating it. Today it houses a mixture of business, commerce, leisure and residential use. In the main mill building are:

* The 1853 gallery : several large rooms given over to the works of the Bradford
Bradford
-born artist David Hockney : including paintings , drawings , photomontages and stage sets . * Industrial companies including the electronics manufacturer Pace plc . * Various shops. In 2006 there are shops selling books, art supplies, jewellery, outdoor wear, antiques, suits, bicycles and housewares; the last includes pieces by internationally known designers such as Alvar Aalto
Alvar Aalto
and Philippe Starck . * Restaurants and cafes.

The "New Mill", on the other side of the canal, is divided between offices for the local National Health Service
National Health Service
Trusts and residential flats.

MEDIA

Some footage of Saltaire
Saltaire
and the nearby Shipley Glen Tramway can be seen in the Yorkshire
Yorkshire
Film Archive: Shipley Glen (1914)

A short clip is available showing workers leaving Salt\'s Mill on 24 July 1900 available on the British Film Institute website.

The village was used as a location for the 2015 BBC television film An Inspector Calls .

PHOTOGRAPHS

Wikimedia Commons has media related to SALTAIRE .

*

Victoria Hall, Saltaire Village *

Salts Mill
Salts Mill
*

Salts Mill
Salts Mill
and River Aire
River Aire
*

Salts Mill
Salts Mill

NOTES

* ^ http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1028. * ^ A B Greenhalf 1997 * ^ Holroyd 1873 * ^ "History: 1855 to 1894". The Hammonds Saltaire
Saltaire
Band. Retrieved 21 December 2015. * ^ Bell, C. and R. (1972) City Fathers: The early history of town planning in Britain, Penguin, Harmondsworth * ^ Cherry, G. (1979) 'The Town Planning Movement and the Late Victorian City', Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, New Series, Vol. 4, No. 2, pp. 306–319 * ^ Kunitake, Kume (2009). Chushichi Tsuzuki and R. Jules Young, ed. Japan Rising: The Iwakura embassy to the USA and Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 182. ISBN 978-0-521-73516-2 . * ^ Holloway 2009 * ^ "Roberts Park, Saltaire, Yorkshire". The Victorian Web. 1 October 2012. Retrieved 27 February 2015. * ^ " Saltaire
Saltaire
UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Centre". UNESCO
UNESCO
. Retrieved 17 October 2009. * ^ "Roberts Park on schedule for 2010 opening". Bradford
Bradford
Telegraph & Argus . 8 April 2009. Retrieved 17 October 2009. * ^ Tate, Chris (1 February 2013). "Famous Wurlitzer brings the generations together at Victoria Hall, Saltaire". Telegraph and Argus. Retrieved 31 May 2016. * ^ "Enforcement warning by Council as it cracks down on \'rogue\' front doors fitted to homes in historic Saltaire". Bradford
Bradford
Telegraph & Argus. 8 July 2014. Retrieved 10 July 2014. * ^ Facts on the proposed bypass * ^ Google Maps with proposed tunnel and protected areas. * ^ Saltaire
Saltaire
World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
in Danger, Sweeble, 20 June 2007. * ^ Workforce Leaving Salt\'s Works in Saltaire. British Film Institute . 24 July 1900. Retrieved 20 March 2017. * ^ " Saltaire
Saltaire
is filming location for TV adaptation of An Inspector Calls". Telegraph & Argus . 20 February 2015. Retrieved 9 March 2015.

REFERENCES

* Greenhalf, Jim (1997). Salt & Silver: A Story of Hope. Bradford Libraries. ISBN 0-907734-52-9 . * Holloway, Julia Bolton. "Sir James Roberts". Retrieved 17 October 2009. * Holroyd, Abraham (2000) . Saltaire
Saltaire
and its Founder. Piroisms Press. ISBN 0-9538601-0-8 .

FURTHER READING

* Binns, Sheila (2013). The Aesthetics of Utopia: Saltaire, Akroydon and Bedford Park, Spire Books, ISBN 978 1 904965 45 9 * Saltaire
Saltaire
at DMOZ
DMOZ
. * Saltaire
Saltaire
Village website * Saltaire
Saltaire
Arts Trail. * Saltaire
Saltaire
Inspired: Art in unique spaces. * Saltaire United Reformed Church Website

* v * t * e

World Heritage Sites in the United Kingdom

ENGLAND

* Bath * Blenheim Palace * Canterbury Cathedral
Canterbury Cathedral
, St. Augustine\'s Abbey and St. Martin\'s Church * Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape * Derwent Valley Mills * Durham Castle
Durham Castle
and Cathedral

* Frontiers of the Roman Empire

* Hadrian\'s Wall

* Ironbridge Gorge
Ironbridge Gorge
* Jurassic Coast * Kew Royal Botanic Gardens * Lake District
Lake District
* Liverpool Maritime Mercantile City
Liverpool Maritime Mercantile City
* Maritime Greenwich
Greenwich
* Saltaire * Stonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites * Studley Royal Park
Studley Royal Park
and Fountains Abbey
Fountains Abbey
* Tower of London
Tower of London
* Westminster Palace , Westminster Abbey
Westminster Abbey
and St. Margaret\'s Church

SCOTLAND

* Edinburgh Old Town and New Town * Forth Bridge
Forth Bridge

* Frontiers of the Roman Empire

* Antonine Wall
Antonine Wall

* Heart of Neolithic Orkney * New Lanark
New Lanark
* St. Kilda

WALES

* Blaenavon Industrial Landscape * Castles and Town Walls of King Edward I in Gwynedd * Pontcysyllte Aqueduct
Pontcysyllte Aqueduct

NORTHERN IRELAND

* Giant\'s Causeway

BRITISH OVERSEAS TERRITORIES

* Gorham\'s Cave Complex * Gough Island
Gough Island
* Inaccessible Island * Henderson Island * Town of St. George and Related Fortifications

* v * t * e

City of Bradford
City of Bradford

Towns, villages, areas and wards

* Addingham
Addingham
* Allerton * Apperley Bridge * Baildon * Barkerend * Belle Vue * Ben Rhydding * Bingley
Bingley
* Bingley
Bingley
Rural * Bingley
Bingley
ward * Bolton and Undercliffe * Bowling and Barkerend * Bradford
Bradford
Moor * Broomfields * Burley in Wharfedale * Burley Woodhead * Buttershaw * City of Bradford
City of Bradford
* City ward * Clayton * Cottingley * Craven ward * Crossflatts * Cross Roads * Cullingworth * Cutler Heights * Denholme * Dudley Hill * East Morton * East Bowling
East Bowling
* Eastburn * Eccleshill * Eldwick * Esholt * Frizinghall * Forster Square
Forster Square
* Gilstead * Girlington * Great Horton * Greengates * Harden * Haworth
Haworth
* Haworth, Cross Roads and Stanbury * Heaton * Holme Wood * Idle * Idle and Thackley * Ilkley
Ilkley
* Ingrow * Keighley
Keighley
* Keighley
Keighley
Central * Keighley
Keighley
East * Keighley
Keighley
West * Laisterdyke * Laycock * Little Germany * Little Horton * Long Lee * Longlands * Low Moor * Lumbfoot * Manningham * Menston * Oakenshaw * Oakworth
Oakworth
* Odsal
Odsal
* Oldfield * Oxenhope * Queensbury * Ravenscliffe * Riddlesden * Royds * Saltaire * Sandy Lane * Shipley * Silsden
Silsden
* Stanbury
Stanbury
* Steeton * Steeton with Eastburn * Thackley * Thornbury * Thornton * Thornton and Allerton * Toller * Tong * Tong village * Trident * Tyersal * Wharfedale ward * Wibsey * Wilsden * Windhill and Wrose * Worth Valley * Wrose
Wrose
* Wyke

GOVERNANCE

* Constituencies * Council * Councillors * Parishes * Politics * Wards

Culture and Tourism

COUNTRYSIDE

* Airedale
Airedale
* Brontë
Brontë
Country * Harden Moor * Heaton Woods * Ilkley
Ilkley
Moor * Judy Woods * Pennine Way
Pennine Way
* Wharfedale * Yorkshire
Yorkshire
Dales

Buildings and Listed buildings
Listed buildings

* Al Mahdi Mosque * Bolling Hall * Bradford
Bradford
Cathedral * Bradford
Bradford
City Hall * Bradford
Bradford
Lakshmi Narayan Hindu Temple * Bradford
Bradford
Odeon * Bradford
Bradford
Reform Synagogue * Cartwright Hall
Cartwright Hall
* East Riddlesden Hall * Heathcote * Holy Trinity Church, Bingley
Bingley
* The Gatehaus * Lister Mills * Mechanics\' Institute Library * Midland Hotel * Milligan and Forbes Warehouse * Oakwood Hall * Oakworth
Oakworth
Hall * Old White Horse Inn * Paper Hall * Ponden Hall * Royds Hall * St Patrick\'s Church * Saltaire United Reformed Church * Salts Mill
Salts Mill
* St Peter\'s Church, Addingham
Addingham
* Victoria Hall * White Wells * Wool Exchange

Theatres, halls border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

* Bradford
Bradford
Alhambra * Bradford
Bradford
Playhouse * Cubby Broccoli Cinema * Ilkley
Ilkley
Playhouse * IMAX * Keighley
Keighley
Picture House * Odeon Leeds- Bradford
Bradford
* Pictureville Cinema * St George\'s Hall

MUSEUMS

* Bolling Hall * Bracken Hall Countryside Centre and Museum * Bradford
Bradford
Industrial Museum * Brontë
Brontë
Parsonage Museum * Cartwright Hall
Cartwright Hall
* Cliffe Castle Museum
Cliffe Castle Museum
* Colour Experience * Ilkley
Ilkley
Toy Museum * Impressions Gallery * Keighley
Keighley
and Worth Valley Railway * Manor House Museum * Museum of Rail Travel * National Science and Media Museum * Peace Museum * Transperience

ORGANISATIONS

* Bradford
Bradford
Festival Choral Society * Bradford
Bradford
Girls\' Choir * Bradford
Bradford
Mechanics\' Institute Library * Fanderson * Idle Working Men\'s Club * The 1 in 12 Club

SHOPPING

* The Broadway * Wool Exchange

PARKS

* Bingley
Bingley
St Ives * Bowling Park * Bradford
Bradford
City Park * Harold Park * Holden Park * Horton Park * Lister Park * Peel Park * Roberts Park

EVENTS

* Bingley
Bingley
Music Live * Bradford
Bradford
Mela * Moor Music Festival * Ilkley
Ilkley
Literature Festival * Infest * Keighley
Keighley
Festival * Saltaire Festival

HERITAGE

* Keighley
Keighley
and Worth Valley Railway * Saltaire
Saltaire
International Heritage Centre * Shipley Glen Tramway * Undercliffe Cemetery

HOSPITALS

* Airedale
Airedale
General Hospital * Bradford
Bradford
Royal Infirmary * St. Luke\'s Hospital

EDUCATION

* Bradford
Bradford
College * Bradford
Bradford
Libraries * Bradford
Bradford
Schools * Shipley College * University of Bradford
Bradford

MEDIA

PUBLISHING

* Emerald Group Publishing * Keighley
Keighley
News * Telegraph ">RADIO

* Pulse 1 * Pulse 2 * RamAir * Sunrise Radio

TV AAP TV

ORGANISATIONS

COMPANIES

* British Wool Marketing Board * Club 18-30 * Damart * Dean, Smith & Grace * Ellis Briggs * Findel plc * Grattan * Greenwoods * Hallmark Cards
Hallmark Cards
* Hield
Hield
* JCT600 * Kashmir Crown Bakeries * Kelda * Wm Morrison Supermarkets * Mumtaz Group * Pace Micro Technology * Provident Financial
Provident Financial
* Safestyle UK * Seabrook Potato Crisps * Sports Turf Research Institute * Telegraph ">OTHER

* Association of Nail Technicians * Bradford
Bradford
Mechanics\' Institute Library * CHARITY: Human Relief Foundation * Sacar * PLACES OF WORSHIP: LIFE Church UK * Al-Mustafa Centre

SPORT

TEAMS

* CRICKET: Bradford
Bradford
Premier League * FOOTBALL: Bradford
Bradford
City * Bradford
Bradford
City W.F.C. * Bradford
Bradford
Park Avenue A.F.C. * Eccleshill United F.C. * Silsden
Silsden
F.C. * Thackley A.F.C. * ROWING: Bradford
Bradford
Amateur Rowing Club * RUGBY: Bradford
Bradford
Bulls * Bradford
Bradford
Dudley Hill * Keighley
Keighley
Cougars * Keighley
Keighley
RUFC * SPEEDWAY: Bradford
Bradford
Dukes

VENUES

* Cougar Park * Great Horton Road * Horsfall Stadium
Horsfall Stadium
* Odsal
Odsal
Stadium * Park Avenue * Valley Parade
Valley Parade

WATERWAYS

RIVERS

* Bradford
Bradford
Beck * Harden Beck * River Aire
River Aire
* River Wharfe * River Worth

CANALS

* Bingley
Bingley
Five Rise Locks * Bingley
Bingley
Three Rise Locks * Leeds and Liverpool Canal
Leeds and Liverpool Canal

CROSSINGS

* Beckfoot Bridge * Ireland Bridge * Thornton Viaduct

TRANSPORT

AIR

* Leeds Bradford
Bradford
Airport

RAIL

* Airedale
Airedale
line * Calder Valley line * Railway stations * Wharfedale line

BUS

* STATIONS: Bradford
Bradford
Interchange * Ilkley
Ilkley
bus station * Keighley
Keighley
bus station * SERVICES: Arriva Yorkshire
Yorkshire
* First Bradford
Bradford
* First Calderdale ">ROAD

* M62 * M606 * A647 * A650 * A658 * A6036 * A6177

MISCELLANEOUS

* BD postcode area
BD postcode area
* Crime

* History

* Timeline

* People

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Saltaire
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