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Salta
Salta
(Spanish pronunciation: [ˈsalta]) is a city located in the Lerma Valley, at 1,152 metres (3780 feet) above sea level in the northwest part of Argentina. It is also the name for the capital city of Salta
Salta
Province. Along with its metropolitan area, it has a population of 619,000 inhabitants, which makes it the second most populated city in the northwest of the country.

Contents

1 Overview 2 History 3 Climate 4 Attractions 5 Culture and arts 6 Sports 7 Politics of Salta 8 Notable people 9 Trivia 10 See also 11 References 12 External links

Overview[edit] It is situated in the Lerma Valley, 1,152 metres (3780 feet) above sea level, at the foothills of the Andes
Andes
mountains. The weather is warm and dry, with annual averages of 756 mm of rainfall and an average temperature of 16.4 °C (20.4 °C in summer, 10.8 °C in winter). January, February and March are the months with the greatest rainfall. During the spring, Salta
Salta
is occasionally plagued by severe, week-long dust storms. Nicknamed Salta
Salta
la Linda (" Salta
Salta
the beautiful"), it has become a major tourist destination due to its old, colonial architecture, tourism friendliness, excellent weather and natural scenery of the valleys westward. Attractions in the city proper include the 18th century Cabildo, the neo-classical style Cathedral, and the 9 de julio central square along with San Bernardo hill and its surroundings. The city's museums exhibit a wide range of artifacts and art work from the native civilizations that flourished in the area ( Salta
Salta
is located in the southernmost region of what was the Inca
Inca
empire, belonging to the Collasuyu, one of the four areas of the empire until the Spanish conquest), as well as from the 16th century Spanish conquest
Spanish conquest
and the colonial and post-colonial periods. Salta
Salta
used to be the starting point of the "Train to the Clouds" (Tren a las nubes), and on the way to red-soiled Cafayate, as well as to other nearby tourist destinations. The Martín Miguel de Güemes
Martín Miguel de Güemes
Airport, 6 kilometres southwest of the city, has regular domestic flights to Buenos Aires, Tucumán, Jujuy, Córdoba, Puerto Iguazú; and international flights to Asunción, Rio de Janeiro, Iquique, Lima
Lima
and Santa Cruz de la Sierra. History[edit] Salta
Salta
was founded on April 16, 1582 by the Spanish conquistador Hernando de Lerma, who intended the settlement to be an outpost between Lima, Peru and Buenos Aires. The origin of the name Salta
Salta
is a matter of conjecture, with several theories being advanced to explain it. During the war of independence, the city became a commercial and military strategic point between Perú
Perú
and the Argentine cities. Between 1816 and 1821, the city was led by local military leader General Martín Miguel de Güemes, who under the command of General José de San Martín, defended the city and surrounding area from Spanish forces coming from further north. Salta
Salta
emerged from the War of Independence politically in disarray and financially bankrupt, a condition that lingered throughout much of the 19th century. However, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the arrival of Italian, Spanish and Arab immigrants, particularly Syrians and Lebanese, revived trade and agriculture all over the area while further enhancing the city's multicultural flavor. Climate[edit] Salta
Salta
has a subtropical highland climate (Cwb, according to the Köppen climate classification), and it is characterized by pleasant weather year-round.[1] Located in the subtropical north, but at an altitude of 1,200 metres, Salta
Salta
enjoys 4 distinct seasons: summers are warm with frequent thunderstorms, with daytime highs around 26 to 28 °C (78.8 to 82.4 °F) and pleasant, refreshing nights around 15 or 16 °C (59 or 61 °F). Fall brings dry weather, pleasant days at around 22 °C (71.6 °F) and cool nights at around 10 °C (50.0 °F). By winter, the dryness is extreme, with very few rain episodes. Nights are cold at 3 °C (37.4 °F) on average, but daytime heating allows for high temperatures of 19 °C (66.2 °F). Snow is rare and frost is quite common, with temperatures reaching down to −7 °C (19.4 °F) during the coldest nights. Spring brings sunny weather with warm days and cool nights: days range from 25 to 28 °C (77.0 to 82.4 °F) with nights between 10 to 14 °C (50.0 to 57.2 °F). Of the over 700 millimetres (28 in) of rain that Salta
Salta
receives yearly, over 80% falls between December and March, when thunderstorms occur almost daily. During the rest of the year, blue skies dominate the region. Seemingly incessant summer thunderstorms greatly rejuvenate the surrounding mountainous landscape, making the various hills and mountainsides within the vicinity of the city green and lush once again. Salta
Salta
receives 1863 hours of bright sunshine each year or about 5.1 hours per day.[2] The highest recorded temperature was 39.9 °C (103.8 °F) on November 28, 1972 while the lowest recorded temperature was −9.4 °C (15.1 °F) on August 5, 1966.[3][4]

Climate data for Salta, Argentina
Argentina
(Martín Miguel de Güemes International Airport) 1981–2010, extremes 1873–present

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 36.4 (97.5) 35.1 (95.2) 34.0 (93.2) 34.3 (93.7) 34.2 (93.6) 34.0 (93.2) 37.2 (99) 36.5 (97.7) 37.8 (100) 38.9 (102) 39.9 (103.8) 38.7 (101.7) 39.9 (103.8)

Average high °C (°F) 27.4 (81.3) 26.4 (79.5) 25.2 (77.4) 22.7 (72.9) 20.3 (68.5) 19.6 (67.3) 20.0 (68) 22.3 (72.1) 23.9 (75) 26.8 (80.2) 27.5 (81.5) 28.0 (82.4) 24.2 (75.6)

Daily mean °C (°F) 21.4 (70.5) 20.3 (68.5) 19.5 (67.1) 16.6 (61.9) 13.1 (55.6) 10.6 (51.1) 10.1 (50.2) 12.7 (54.9) 15.1 (59.2) 19.1 (66.4) 20.5 (68.9) 21.5 (70.7) 16.7 (62.1)

Average low °C (°F) 16.6 (61.9) 15.7 (60.3) 15.3 (59.5) 11.9 (53.4) 7.6 (45.7) 4.1 (39.4) 2.9 (37.2) 4.9 (40.8) 7.3 (45.1) 11.8 (53.2) 14.1 (57.4) 15.9 (60.6) 10.7 (51.3)

Record low °C (°F) 6.1 (43) 4.8 (40.6) 2.2 (36) −1.5 (29.3) −4.6 (23.7) −7.5 (18.5) −8.7 (16.3) −9.4 (15.1) −4.5 (23.9) −1.3 (29.7) 1.5 (34.7) 6.2 (43.2) −9.4 (15.1)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 192.6 (7.583) 154.2 (6.071) 110.6 (4.354) 33.0 (1.299) 8.0 (0.315) 1.5 (0.059) 3.9 (0.154) 3.8 (0.15) 7.6 (0.299) 25.1 (0.988) 62.2 (2.449) 145.6 (5.732) 748.1 (29.453)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 16.3 14.8 14.2 7.9 3.9 1.6 2.1 2.1 2.7 5.7 9.5 14.0 94.8

Average relative humidity (%) 78.2 81.0 83.7 82.9 80.5 75.5 69.1 62.8 58.2 61.2 67.1 73.1 72.8

Mean monthly sunshine hours 164.3 134.4 105.4 117.0 136.4 120.0 173.6 195.3 162.0 182.9 171.0 164.3 1,826.6

Percent possible sunshine 39 37 28 33 40 37 52 56 45 47 43 39 41

Source #1: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional,[5] Oficina de Riesgo Agropecuario (December record high),[4] Meteo Climat (record highs and lows)[3]

Source #2: NOAA (sun 1961–1990),[6] UNLP (June sun only)[7]

Climate data for Salta
Salta
INTA (located in Cerrillos) 1969–2009

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 37.6 (99.7) 33.9 (93) 33.9 (93) 33.0 (91.4) 33.7 (92.7) 33.5 (92.3) 36.2 (97.2) 36.2 (97.2) 37.4 (99.3) 37.9 (100.2) 39.5 (103.1) 38.0 (100.4) 39.5 (103.1)

Average high °C (°F) 27.2 (81) 26.1 (79) 24.9 (76.8) 22.6 (72.7) 20.5 (68.9) 19.3 (66.7) 19.9 (67.8) 21.9 (71.4) 23.6 (74.5) 26.4 (79.5) 27.3 (81.1) 27.9 (82.2) 24.0 (75.2)

Daily mean °C (°F) 21.3 (70.3) 20.3 (68.5) 19.4 (66.9) 16.7 (62.1) 13.5 (56.3) 10.9 (51.6) 10.7 (51.3) 12.9 (55.2) 15.4 (59.7) 18.9 (66) 20.4 (68.7) 21.4 (70.5) 16.8 (62.2)

Average low °C (°F) 16.7 (62.1) 15.9 (60.6) 15.4 (59.7) 12.2 (54) 8.2 (46.8) 4.8 (40.6) 3.8 (38.8) 5.4 (41.7) 8.0 (46.4) 12.0 (53.6) 14.3 (57.7) 16.0 (60.8) 11.1 (52)

Record low °C (°F) 8.9 (48) 5.2 (41.4) 5.1 (41.2) 0.4 (32.7) −2.9 (26.8) −5.3 (22.5) −6.8 (19.8) −5.1 (22.8) −2.6 (27.3) 0.2 (32.4) 1.3 (34.3) 6.8 (44.2) −6.8 (19.8)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 184.6 (7.268) 131.5 (5.177) 105.0 (4.134) 26.8 (1.055) 7.6 (0.299) 2.3 (0.091) 3.4 (0.134) 3.7 (0.146) 6.8 (0.268) 23.7 (0.933) 60.0 (2.362) 132.5 (5.217) 688.0 (27.087)

Average relative humidity (%) 78 80 82 81 79 75 68 61 57 60 66 72 72

Mean monthly sunshine hours 195.3 166.7 151.9 150.0 164.3 168.0 204.6 217.0 210.0 217.0 204.0 207.7 2,256.5

Percent possible sunshine 46 46 40 43 48 53 61 62 58 55 51 49 51

Source: Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria[8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17]

Attractions[edit] The city centre features a number of buildings dating back to the 18th and 19th and early 20th centuries. Clockwise around the Ninth of July Square are the neoclassical Cathedral
Cathedral
Shrine, the French style Museum of Contemporary Art, the Cabildo (in former times, the city's town hall, nowadays a historical museum) and the neoclassical Museum of High Mountain Archeology, which houses artifacts from the Inca civilization, including the mummies of three Inca
Inca
children. The Plaza is almost completely surrounded by a gallery. Within walking distance of the 9th July Square are the Saint Francis Church and the city's three pedestrian streets: Alberdi, Florida and "Caseros". The three blocks in Balcarce street closest to the train station are now the centre of night life in Salta, with restaurants, pubs and cafés on both sidewalks and concerts every night. Rising in the east is San Bernardo Hill. Its summit, from which visitors can get a view of the city and the entire valley, can be reached by car, cable car or stairway.

A cable car (gondola) in Salta
Salta
near Plaza del Lago

The Church of Saint Francis

The main cathedral

Inside the cathedral

Mitre Street

The Colonial Hotel

Ninth of July Plaza

Corner newsstand in Salta

Waterfountain and paddleboats to rent at Plaza del Lago in Salta

Culture and arts[edit] Salta
Salta
is probably the most Spanish city in Argentina
Argentina
by physical appearance: so much so that tourists visiting from Spain
Spain
often find a strong resemblance between Salta
Salta
and Andalucian cities. The local culture, however, is a blend of Spanish and gaucho (mestizo, criollo, both indigenous and non indigenous) traditions, lending the city a distinctive identity, somewhat different from the more Europeanlike metropolises to the south. The city boasts three theatres, several museums (one of which exhibits the perfectly preserved bodies of c.500 year old inca children sacrificed in the Andes
Andes
to Inca
Inca
gods[18]), and a busy calendar of art exhibitions, shows, music festivals, and other cultural events. One of the main activities in Salta
Salta
is the April Culture Festival, which lasts the entire month and offers a wide variety of activities such as cultural performances, a handcraft exposition, and live orchestral performances. Sports[edit] Salta
Salta
residents, like most Argentines, are very enthusiastic about football. The most important local clubs are Juventud Antoniana, Gimnasia y Tiro de Salta, and Central Norte; many faithful fans follow each. Juventud Antoniana, Gimnasia y Tiro and Central Norte
Central Norte
currently play in the third national division. Other locally popular sports include baseball (a game in which Salta players excel nationally), basketball, volleyball, rugby, and mountaineering. The main sporting venue in Salta
Salta
is the Padre Ernesto Martearena Stadium; the Gimnasia y Tiro and Juventud Antoniana
Juventud Antoniana
stadiums also see many athletic matches. The largest roofed facility in the city is the Ciudad de Salta
Salta
Stadium, chiefly used for basketball, volleyball, and boxing. Over the last twenty years, Salta
Salta
has played host to such high-profile international sporting events as the 1990 Basketball World Cup, the 1994 Camel Trophy, the 2002 Volleyball World Cup, and the 2009 Hockey Champions Challenge. The Argentina
Argentina
national rugby union team, the "Pumas", have played in Salta
Salta
against Italy (2005),[19] England (2009),[20] (2013).[21] and South Africa (2016.)[22] Top football clubs, including Boca Juniors, River Plate and Racing, have played friendly games in Salta
Salta
in summer, off-season matches. The city was used as a stage on the route of the 2014 and 2016 Dakar Rally. Politics of Salta[edit] Salta
Salta
is governed by a city council of 21 members, following the elections of November 2013 the Workers' Party has 9 seats, the Justicialist Party
Justicialist Party
has 6 seats, and there are 6 others. Notable people[edit]

Carlos Ibarguren, academic, politician César Isella, folk singer Christian Rodrigo Zurita, footballer Daniel Tinte, pianist, composer David Kavlin, TV host Dino Saluzzi, bandoneonist, composer Jorge Horacio Brito, banker, businessman José Alfredo Martínez de Hoz, former economy minister José Evaristo Uriburu, president of Argentina José Félix Uriburu, de facto president of Argentina José Valdiviezo, footballer Juan Figallo, rugby player Los Chalchaleros, folk music band Los Nocheros, folk music band Luciana Pedraza, actress Luciano Leccese, footballer Lucrecia Martel, film director Luís Sillero, footballer Mariano Boedo, statesman Martín Miguel de Güemes, general Robustiano Patrón Costas, infamous sugar tycoon Victorino de la Plaza, politician, president of Argentina Walter Busse, footballer

Trivia[edit]

The film Taras Bulba, starring Yul Brynner
Yul Brynner
and Tony Curtis, was largely shot in the hills west of the city, near San Lorenzo.[23] Actor John Schneider ( The Dukes of Hazzard
The Dukes of Hazzard
and Smallville) was part of the cast of Cocaine Wars,[24] another film shot in Salta. Two Hollywood celebrities have married Salta
Salta
natives: Matt Damon
Matt Damon
(to Luciana Bozán Barroso), and Robert Duvall
Robert Duvall
(to Luciana Pedraza).[25]

See also[edit]

2010 Salta
Salta
earthquake Argentina
Argentina
wine Salta–Antofagasta railway Torrontes

References[edit]

^ "Historia y Geografía" (in Spanish). Municipality of Salta. Retrieved 5 February 2018.  ^ "Datos Climáticos de Argentina: Annuales" (in Spanish). Retrieved April 12, 2013.  ^ a b "Station Salta" (in French). Meteo Climat. Retrieved October 8, 2016.  ^ a b "Salta, Salta". Estadísticas meteorológicas decadiales (in Spanish). Oficina de Riesgo Agropecuario. Retrieved June 19, 2015.  ^ "Estadísticas Climatológicas Normales – período 1981–2010" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved January 18, 2018.  ^ " Salta
Salta
Aero Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 19, 2015.  ^ "Datos bioclimáticos de 173 localidades argentinas–Junio". Atlas Bioclimáticos (in Spanish). Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Retrieved June 19, 2015.  ^ "Estación Meteorológica (EM) Cerrillos-INTA" (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria. Retrieved July 13, 2015.  ^ "Estación Meteorológica (EM) Cerrillos-INTA: Temperatura Máxima Absoluta (ºC ) – Periodo 1969– 2009" (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria. Retrieved July 13, 2015.  ^ "Estación Meteorológica (EM) Cerrillos-INTA: Temperatura Máxima Media (ºC ) – Periodo 1969– 2009" (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria. Retrieved July 13, 2015.  ^ "Estación Meteorológica (EM) Cerrillos-INTA: Temperatura Media (ºC ) – Periodo 1969– 2009" (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria. Retrieved July 13, 2015.  ^ "Estación Meteorológica (EM) Cerrillos-INTA: Temperatura Mínima Media (ºC ) – Periodo 1969– 2009" (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria. Retrieved July 13, 2015.  ^ "Estación Meteorológica (EM) Cerrillos-INTA: Temperatura Mínima Absoluta (ºC ) – Periodo 1969– 2009" (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria. Retrieved July 13, 2015.  ^ "Estación Meteorológica (EM) Cerrillos-INTA: Precipitaciones Mensuales Periodo 1969 – 2009" (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria. Retrieved July 13, 2015.  ^ "Estación Meteorológica (EM) Cerrillos-INTA: Humdedad Relativa Media (%) Periodo 1969 – 2009" (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria. Retrieved July 13, 2015.  ^ "Estación Meteorológica (EM) Cerrillos-INTA: Heliofanía Relativa (Duración relativa del brillo solar) Periodo 1969 – 2009" (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria. Retrieved July 13, 2015.  ^ "Estación Meteorológica (EM) Cerrillos-INTA: Heliofanía Efectiva (Duración registrada del brillo solar) Periodo 1969 – 2009" (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria. Retrieved July 13, 2015.  ^ "Mummified Inca
Inca
maiden wows crowds". BBC News. 2007-09-07. Retrieved 2014-04-22.  ^ Argentina
Argentina
v Italy scorecard at Scrum.com ^ national teams Argentine rugby fans deserve annual Test, by Brendan Gallagher for The Telegraph ^ "England too strong for Argentina". Espn.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-04-22.  ^ " Argentina
Argentina
v South Africa – Rugby Union". BBC Sport. Retrieved 13 October 2017.  ^ "CCA: When the pueblo was Hollywwod". Cca.edu. 2010-02-05. Retrieved 2014-04-22.  ^ U.S.-Argentine Co-productions, 1982–1990, by Tamara L. Falicov (University of Kansas), Page 7, Footnote 18 ^ juliana (2006-07-12). "Robert Duvall's House of Jasmines". Hotelchatter.com. Retrieved 2014-04-22. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Salta.

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of a 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article about Salta.

Salta
Salta
travel guide from Wikivoyage Municipality of Salta
Salta
— Official website. Government of Salta Province
Salta Province
— Official website. City history at the Chamber of Deputies website. Salta Province
Salta Province
Tourism Office  "Salta. The capital of the Province of Salta, Argentina". New International Encyclopedia. 1905. 

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