Salmo trutta peristericus
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''Salmo'' is a genus of fish in the salmon family (biology), family Salmonidae that includes the European species of salmon and trout, among them the familiar Atlantic salmon ''Salmo salar'' and the brown trout ''Salmo trutta''. The natural distribution of ''Salmo'' also extends to Northern Africa and to Western Asia around the Black Sea basin. The single ''Salmo'' species naturally found in the Atlantic North America is the Atlantic salmon, whereas the salmon and trout of the Pacific basin belong to another genus, ''Oncorhynchus''. The genus, generic name ''Salmo'' derives from the Latin ''salmō'' (salmon). The number of distinct species and subspecies in ''Salmo'' is a debated issue. Atlantic salmon and brown trout are widespread species, while most of the other taxon, taxa are narrowly distributed forms endemism, endemic to single Drainage basin, watersheds.


Species

The species currently listed in this genus are: * ''Salmo abanticus'' Enrico Tortonese, Tortonese, 1954 (Lake Abant trout) * ''Salmo aestivalis'' Fortunatov, 1926 (Lake Sevan summer trout) * ''Salmo akairos'' Bo Delling, Delling & Ignacio Doadrio Villarejo, Doadrio, 2005 (Lake Ifni trout) * ''Salmo aphelios'' Maurice Kottelat, Kottelat, 1997 (summer trout) * ''Salmo balcanicus'' (Stanko Karaman, S. L. Karaman, 1927) (Struga trout) * ''Salmo carpio'' Carl Linnaeus, Linnaeus, 10th edition of Systema Naturae, 1758 (Lake Garda trout) * ''Salmo caspius'' Karl Fedorovich Kessler, Kessler, 1877 (Caspian trout) * ''Salmo cettii'' Constantine Samuel Rafinesque, Rafinesque, 1810 (Mediterranean trout) * ''Salmo ciscaucasicus'' Evgenie Alekseevna Dorofeeva, Dorofeeva, 1967 (Terek trout) * ''Salmo coruhensis'' Turan, Kottelat & Engin, 2010 (Çoruh river trout) * ''Salmo danilewskii'' (Gul'elmi, 1888) (Gokcha lake trout) * ''Salmo dentex'' (Johann Jakob Heckel, Heckel, 1851) (Zubatak trout) * ''Salmo euphrataeus'' Turan, Kottelat & Engin, 2014 (Euphrates trout) * ''Salmo ezenami'' Lev Berg, L. S. Berg, 1948 (Kezenoi-am trout) * ''Salmo farioides'' Stanko Karaman, S. L. Karaman, 1938 (Balkan brook trout) * ''Salmo ferox'' Sir William Jardine, 7th Baronet, Jardine, 1835 (Ferox trout) * ''Salmo fibreni'' Sergio Zerunian, Zerunian & Gilberto Gandolfi, Gandolfi, 1990 (Fibreno trout) * ''Salmo gegarkuni'' Karl Fedorovich Kessler, Kessler, 1877 (Gokcha trout) * ''Salmo ischchan'' Kessler, 1877 (Sevan trout) * ''Salmo kottelati'' Turan, Doğan, Cüneyt Kaya, Kaya, & Mahir Kanyılmaz, Kanyılmaz, 2014 (Alakir trout) * ''Salmo labecula'' Turan, Kottelat & Engin, 2012 * ''Salmo labrax'' Peter Simon Pallas, Pallas, 1814 (Black Sea trout) * ''Salmo letnica'' (S. L. Karaman, 1924) (Pestani trout) * ''Salmo lourosensis'' Bo Delling, Delling, 2011 (Louros trout) * ''Salmo lumi'' Georgiy Dmitrievich Poljakov, G. D. Poljakov, Filipi, Kosma Basho, Basho & Hysenaj, 1958 (Lumi trout) * ''Salmo macedonicus'' (S. L. Karaman, 1924) (Macedonian trout) * ''Salmo macrostigma'' (Auguste Henri André Duméril, A. H. A. Duméril, 1858) (Maghreb trout) * ''Salmo marmoratus'' Georges Cuvier, G. Cuvier, 1829 (marble trout) * ''Salmo montenigrinus'' (S. L. Karaman, 1933) (Montenegro trout) * ''Salmo multipunctata'' Ignacio Doadrio Villarejo, Doadrio, Silvia Perea, Perea & Ahmed Yahyaoui, Yahyaoui, 2015 (Draa trout) Doadrio, I., Perea, S. & Yahyaoui, A. (2015): Two new species of atlantic trout (Actinopterygii, Salmonidae) from Morocco. ''Graellsia, 71 (2): e031.'' * ''Salmo nigripinnis'' Albert Günther, Günther, 1866 (Sonaghen trout) * ''Salmo obtusirostris'' (Johann Jakob Heckel, Heckel, 1851) ** ''Salmo obtusirostris krkensis, S. o. krkensis'' (S. L. Karaman, 1927) (Krka softmouth trout) ** ''Salmo obtusirostris obtusirostris, S. o. obtusirostris'' Heckel, 1851 (softmouth trout) ** ''Salmo obtusirostris oxyrhynchus, S. o. oxyrhynchus'' (Franz Steindachner, Steindachner, 1882) (Neretva softmouth trout) ** ''Salmo obtusirostris salonitana, S. o. salonitana'' (S. L. Karaman, 1927) (Jadro softmouth trout) ** ''Salmo obtusirostris zetenzis, S. o. zetenzis'' (Slave Hadžišče, Hadžišče, 1961) (Zeta softmouth trout) * ''Salmo ohridanus'' Steindachner, 1892 (Ohrid trout) * ''Salmo okumusi'' Turan, Kottelat & Engin, 2014 (Western Euphrates trout) * ''Salmo opimus'' Turan, Kottelat & Engin, 2012 * extinct, †''Salmo pallaryi'' Jacques Pellegrin, Pellegrin, 1924 (Sidi Ali trout) * ''Salmo pelagonicus'' S. L. Karaman, 1938 (Pelagos trout) * ''Salmo pellegrini'' Franz Werner, F. Werner, 1931 (Tensift trout) * ''Salmo peristericus'' S. L. Karaman, 1938 (Prespa trout) * ''Salmo platycephalus'' Robert J. Behnke, Behnke, 1968 (flathead trout) * ''Salmo rhodanensis'' Henry Weed Fowler, Fowler, 1974 (Rhône trout) * ''Salmo rizeensis'' Turan, Kottelat & Engin, 2010 (Rize River trout) * ''Salmo salar'' Carl Linnaeus, Linnaeus, 10th edition of Systema Naturae, 1758 (Atlantic salmon) * ''Salmo schiefermuelleri'' Marcus Elieser Bloch, Bloch, 1784 (Austrian Lakes trout) * ''Salmo stomachicus'' Albert Günther, Günther, 1866 (Gillaroo trout) * ''Salmo taleri'' (S. L. Karaman, 1933) (Zeta trout) * ''Salmo tigridis'' Turan, Kottelat & Bektaş, 2011 (Upper Tigris trout) * ''Salmo trutta'' Carl Linnaeus, Linnaeus, 10th edition of Systema Naturae, 1758 ** ''Salmo trutta aralensis, S. t. aralensis'' Lev Berg, L. S. Berg, 1908 (Aral trout) ** ''Salmo trutta fario, S. t. fario'' Carl Linnaeus, Linnaeus, 10th edition of Systema Naturae, 1758 (brown trout) ** ''Salmo trutta lacustris, S. t. lacustris'' Carl Linnaeus, Linnaeus, 10th edition of Systema Naturae, 1758 (lake trout) ** ''Salmo trutta oxianus, S. t. oxianus'' Karl Fedorovich Kessler, Kessler, 1874 (Amu-Darya trout) ** ''Salmo trutta trutta, S. t. trutta'' Carl Linnaeus, Linnaeus, 10th edition of Systema Naturae, 1758 (sea trout) * ''Salmo viridis'' Ignacio Doadrio Villarejo, Doadrio, Silvia Perea, Perea & Ahmed Yahyaoui, Yahyaoui, 2015 (green trout)


References

{{Taxonbar, from=Q310436 Salmo, Extant Miocene first appearances Ray-finned fish genera Taxa named by Carl Linnaeus