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The Salem Maritime National Historic Site
Salem Maritime National Historic Site
is a National Historic Site consisting of 12 historic structures, one replica tall-ship, and about 9 acres (36,000 m2) of land along the waterfront of Salem Harbor
Salem Harbor
in Salem, Massachusetts. Salem Maritime is the first National Historic Site established in the United States (March 17, 1938).[1] It interprets the Triangle Trade during the colonial period, in cotton, rum, sugar and slaves; the actions of privateers during the American Revolution; and global maritime trade with the Far East, after independence. The National Park Service
National Park Service
manages both the National Historic Site and a Regional Visitor Center in downtown Salem. The National Park Service
National Park Service
(NPS) is an agency of the United States Department of the Interior. In 2014, the National Park Service, which runs the Salem Maritime National Historic Site, released figures and statistics for 2012: there were 756,038 visitors to Salem who spent an estimated $40,000,000.[2] The National Park Service
National Park Service
celebrated its 100th anniversary in 2016.[3][4][5]

The Friendship replica docked off Derby Street

Contents

1 Properties 2 Gallery 3 Adjacent historic areas 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

Properties[edit] The site preserves and interprets numerous maritime resources in the form of artifacts, collections and structures, including:

Derby House (1762) – built in 1762 by Captain Richard Derby as a wedding gift for his son, a fine example of Georgian architecture.[6] Derby was the first millionaire in the New World. Derby Wharf (1762, extended 1806) – Salem's longest wharf (nearly 1/2 mile). When in active use, it was lined with warehouses of goods from around the world. The Derby Wharf Light
Derby Wharf Light
(1871) remains at the end of the wharf. Friendship of Salem
Friendship of Salem
– a replica of a 1797 East Indiaman; the new ship was built in the Scarano Brothers Shipyard in Albany, New York, in 2000 and is operated as a museum ship. The original Friendship made 15 voyages during her career: to Batavia, India, China, South America, the Caribbean, England, Germany, the Mediterranean, and Russia. She was captured as a prize of the War of 1812 by the British in September 1812. Hawkes House (1780, 1800) – designed by famous Salem architect Samuel McIntire, building was begun in 1780. The unfinished building was purchased and completed around 1800 by Benjamin Hawkes. Narbonne House (1675) – The part of the house with the high peaked roof was built by butcher Thomas Ives, who later added a lean-to the south side and a kitchen lean-to at the back. Around 1740 the southern lean-to was replaced by today's gambrel-roofed addition. From 1750 to 1780, the house was owned by Capt. Joseph Hodges, and in 1780 the house was purchased by tanner Jonathan Andrew. The house was lived in by descendants of the Andrew family from 1780 to 1964, when the house was sold to the National Park Service.[7] Pedrick Store House, a three-story building, constructed around 1770, is a historic rigging and sail loft, which was relocated to the Salem Maritime National Historic Site from Marblehead, MA in 2007.[8][9] Salem Custom House (1819) – the 13th Customs House
Customs House
in Salem; the first was built in 1649. Taxes were collected on imported cargoes.[10] St. Joseph Hall (1909) – Original home of The St. Joseph Society (1897), a fraternal society established by Polish immigrants. The first floor was retail space that could be rented out to provide an income for the support of the building. The large hall on the second floor was the site of hundreds of weddings, dances, plays, and other social events in the Polish community, which expanded rapidly in the late 19th-early 20th-century immigration wave. On the top floor, the Society built several apartments to house new immigrants until they could get permanently settled. The building now serves as park headquarters. West India Goods Store (1804) – Built by Captain Henry Prince about 1804 and was likely first used as a warehouse, where Prince kept goods imported from the East Indies, such as pepper, coffee, water buffalo hides, and tortoise shells. By 1836, Charles Dexter had a shop in this building. It was one of many that served the needs of Salem households by selling candles, oils, clothing, tin, and glassware. Besides stocking general groceries such as grain, cheese, dried beans and even rum, the store attracted customers with many foreign imported goods and luxuries from Europe, Asia and Africa. The store continued to operate as a retail space throughout the nineteenth century. Later occupants included painters, a tobacconist, and a wine and liquor merchant.

Gallery[edit]

Derby House

Narbonne House

Custom House

Hawkes House

Custom House, ca. 1880

Derby Wharf Light

Salem - 1820

Adjacent historic areas[edit] A short walk from the Salem Maritime National Historic Site
Salem Maritime National Historic Site
are the Chestnut Street District, Federal Street District, Downtown Salem District, Bridge Street Neck Historic District, Charter Street Historic District, Crombie Street District, Derby Waterfront District, Essex Institute Historic District, Salem Willows Historic District
Salem Willows Historic District
and the Salem Common Historic District. See also[edit]

Salem Maritime National Historic Site
Salem Maritime National Historic Site
-managed by the National Park Service, which also administers U.S. national parks[11] The agency was created on August 25, 1916, by Congress through the National Park Service Organic Act.[12]

List of maritime museums in the United States List of museum ships National Register of Historic Places
National Register of Historic Places
listings in Salem, Massachusetts National Register of Historic Places
National Register of Historic Places
listings in Essex County, Massachusetts List of lighthouses in the United States, Massachusetts List of the oldest buildings in Massachusetts List of historic houses in Massachusetts List of the oldest buildings in the United States

References[edit]

^ [1] Salem Maritime National Historic Site, the first National Historic Site established in the United States (March 17, 1938). ^ [2] Heritage tourism is very important to the city's economy. For Halloween, the crowd estimates were close to 100,000. ^ https://www.nps.gov/subjects/centennial/birthday-invitation.htm ^ http://www.salemnews.com/news/local_news/halloween-steps-off-in-salem/article_3277b718-7f54-5ce7-99aa-1bc9eab32f9b.html ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2016/07/03/travel/national-park-centennial-events.html?_r=0 ^ [3] Derby House (1762) – built in 1762 by Captain Richard Derby as a wedding gift for his son, Elias Hatchet Derby, a fine example of Georgian architecture. ^ [4] Narbonne House, official web site – National Park Service ^ http://www.salemnews.com/local/x1533634656/Rigging-shed-will-be-demolished ^ "Pedrick Store House: Construction Updates - Salem Maritime National Historic Site (U.S. National Park Service)". Retrieved 25 June 2016.  ^ [5] ^ "Designation of National Park System Units". National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-04-05.  ^ "The National Park Service
National Park Service
Organic Act". National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-04-05. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Salem Maritime National Historic Site.

Salem Maritime National Historic Site McIntire Historic District The Custom House Washington Square Historic District Architecture in the 17th and 18th Centuries in Salem Massachusetts 3D Model collection

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Wildlife Sanctuaries

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The Nature Conservancy

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Trustees of Reservations

Agassiz Rock Governor Oliver Ames Estate Appleton Farms Appleton Farms
Appleton Farms
Grass Rides Ashintully Gardens Bartholomew's Cobble Bear's Den Bear Swamp Boston Community Gardens Bullitt Chestnut Hill Farm Colonel John Ashley House Dunes' Edge Campground Francis William Bird Park Eleanor Cabot Bradley Estate Bridge Island Meadows Brooks Woodland William Cullen Bryant Homestead Cape Poge Cedariver Castle Hill Chapel Brook Charles River Peninsula Chase Woodlands Chesterfield Gorge Coolidge Copicut Woods Cormier Woods Coskata-Coatue Wildlife Refuge Crane Beach Crane Wildlife Refuge Crowninshield Island Dexter Drumlin Dinosaur Footprints Doane's Falls Doyle Dry Hill East Over Elliott Laurel Farandnear FARM Institute Field Farm Fruitlands Museum Fork Factory Brook Glendale Falls Goose Pond Greenwood Farm Hales Brook and Sippican River Halibut Point Hamlin Allen C. Haskell Public Gardens Holmes Governor Hutchinson's Field Jacobs Hill Little Tom Mountain Land of Providence Leatherbee Woods Long Hill Long Point Lowell Holly Lyman Reserve Malcolm Mashpee River McLennan Medfield Meadow Lots Medfield Rhododendrons Menemsha Hills Misery Islands Mission House Monument Mountain Moose Hill Farm Moraine Farm Mount Ann Park Mount Warner Mountain Meadow Mytoi Naumkeag Noanet Woodlands Noon Hill Norris North Common Meadow Norton Point Beach Notchview Old Manse Old Town Hill Peaked Mountain Pegan Hill Peters Petticoat Hill Pierce Pine and Hemlock Knoll Powisset Farm Questing Quinebaug Woods Ravenswood Park Redemption Rock Rock House Rocky Narrows Rocky Woods Royalston Falls Shattuck Signal Hill Slocum's River Stavros Stevens-Coolidge Swift River Tantiusques Tully Lake Campground Two Mile Farm Tyringham Cobble Ward Wasque Weir Hill Weir River Farm Westport Town Farm Whitney and Thayer Woods World's End

Audubon Society Wildlife Sanctuaries

Allens Pond Arcadia Ashumet Holly Attleboro Springs Barnstable Great Marsh Blue Hills Trailside Museum Boston Nature Center Broad Meadow Brook Broadmoor Burncoat Pond Canoe Meadows Daniel Webster Drumlin Farm Eagle Lake Eastern Point Endicott Felix Neck Flat Rock Graves Farm Great Neck Habitat High Ledges Ipswich River Joppa Flats Kettle Island Lake Wampanoag Laughing Brook Lime Kiln Farm Lincoln Woods Long Pasture Lynes Woods Marblehead Neck Moose Hill Museum of American Bird Art Nahant Thicket Nashoba Brook North Hill Marsh North River Oak Knoll Pierpont Meadow Pleasant Valley Poor Farm Hill Richardson Brook Road's End Rough Meadows Rutland Brook Sampsons Island Sesachacha Heathlands Skunknett River Stony Brook Wachusett Meadow Waseeka Wellfleet Bay Wildwood Camp

Other

Concord Land Conservation Trust Harvard Forest Lincoln Land Conservation Trust Lloyd Center for the Environment Lynn Woods Reservation Norcross Wildlife Sanctuary Old Harbor Wildlife Refuge

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