Didot is the name of a family of French printers, punch-cutters and publishers. Through its achievements and advancements in printing, publishing and typography, the family has lent its name to typographic measurements developed by François-Ambroise Didot and the Didot typeface developed by Firmin Didot. The Didot company of France was ultimately incorporated into the modern CPI printing group.
1 First Generation
1.1 François Didot
2 Second Generation
2.1 François-Ambroise Didot 2.2 Pierre-François Didot
3 Third Generation
3.1 Pierre Didot 3.2 Firmin Didot 3.3 Henri Didot 3.4 Saint-Léger Didot
4 Fourth Generation
4.1 Jules Didot 4.2 Ambroise-Firmin Didot 4.3 Edouard Didot
5 References 6 Bibliography 7 Further reading 8 External links
First Generation François Didot François Didot (son of Denis Didot) was a merchant who was born in Paris in 1689 and died in 1757. In 1713 he opened a bookstore called "À la Bible d'or" (which could be translated "The Golden Bible") on the Quai des Grands-Augustins. The celebrated Abbé de Bernis served for a time there as a clerk after leaving the seminary. François Didot was a learned man, and held by his colleagues in such great esteem that he was elected to the dignity of Syndic of the Booksellers' Corporation in 1735. He received his printer's charter from the king in 1754. Among the books he published should be mentioned the "Histoire des voyages" ("Story of Voyages/Travels") (20 vols., quarto), the first seventeen volumes of which are attributed to the Abbé Prévost. It was remarkable for its typographical perfection, and was adorned with many engravings and maps. Second Generation François-Ambroise Didot François-Ambroise Didot (son of François Didot) was born in 1730 and died in 1804. François-Ambroise Didot inherited the work of his father François. He was appointed printer to the clergy in 1788. Many bibliophiles value the editions known as "D'Artois" (Recueil de romans français, 64 volumes) and "du Dauphin", a collection of French classics in 32 volumes, edited by order of Louis XVI. He also published a Bible. François-Ambroise Didot invented a new printing-press, improved type-founding, and was the first to print on vellum paper. About 1780 François-Ambroise Didot adapted the point system for sizing typefaces by width, using units of 1/72 of the pre-metric French inch. His "point", later named the didot after him, became the prevailing unit of type measurement throughout continental Europe and its former colonies, including Latin America. In 1973 it was metrically standardized at 0.375 mm for the European Union. (Meanwhile, the English-speaking world adopted a "point" based on 1/72 of the smaller English inch.) Pierre-François Didot
Pierre-François Didot's mark (BEIC)
Pierre-François Didot (son of François Didot) was born in 1732 and
died in 1795. Pierre-François Didot founded a paper factory in
Essonne and made improvements in type-founding. The most important of
his publications are "L'Imitation de Jésus-Christ" (folio),
"Télémaque" (quarto) and "Tableau de L'Empire Ottoman" (folio). One
of his daughters married Bernardin de Saint-Pierre.
Pierre Didot (son of François-Ambroise Didot) was born in 1760 and
died in 1853. Pierre Didot was awarded a gold medal at the exhibition
of 1798, for his edition of Virgil. By order of the Government, his
presses were established in the Louvre, where they remained during the
Consulate. The celebrated
Firmin-Didot's mark (BEIC)
^ a b One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Didot". Encyclopædia Britannica. 8 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 207. ^ a b c d e Chisholm 1911.
Famille Firmin-Didot (Paris, 1856)
Edmond Werdet, Étude biographique sur la famille des Didot (Paris,
Jacques Charles Brunet,
Les Didot. Trois siècles de typographie et de bibliophilie 1698-1998, catalogue de l’exposition présentée à la Bibliothèque historique de la Ville de Paris, texte de André Jammes et Francis Courbage, Paris, 1998 Eugène Piton (pseud. de Dupériel Sainte-Marie), Famille Firmin-Didot, Paris, 1856, 16 p. Catalogue de l’exposition Les Didot, imprimeurs de l’Institut de France, Bibliothèque de l’Institut, 12 septembre – 15 décembre 2005, fichier pdf.