Saint-Florent Cathedral or Nebbio Cathedral (Cathédrale
Santa-Maria-Assunta, also known as Cathédrale du Nebbio) is a
Roman Catholic church located in the town of Saint-Florent in
Corsica, France. The cathedral is a national monument and is now the
church of Santa Maria Assunta.
The was the seat of the
Bishop of Nebbio
Bishop of Nebbio until 1801, when the diocese
was merged into the Diocese of Ajaccio.
4 External links
The ancient region of the Nebbio, or Nebbiu, on
Corsica formed a
Christian bishopric from the 5th century onwards. The former
cathedral, now the church of Santa Maria Assunta, located at the edge
of the town of Saint-Florent on the road that leads to Poggio
d'Oletta, is a heavily-restored Romanesque structure. The date of its
construction is put at between about 1125 and 1140. The building has
had protected status since 1840 as a national monument.
The first clear documentary reference to this cathedral is in a deed
dated 1176 transcribed in the cartulary of Calci Charterhouse,
although it may well be referred to in two earlier documents of 1138
Because of the insecurity of the coasts and the malaria which was
endemic in the marshes that surrounded the foot of the hill on which
the cathedral stands, it was abandoned by the bishops. At the
beginning of the 16th century the humanist Agostino Giustiniani,
bishop of Nebbio, had the cathedral repaired. It was also at this time
that the belltower was almost certainly added which was destroyed by
the 19th century restorers. Despite these works the cathedral was
abandoned again in 1576. It was described as being roofless during a
visitation by Mgr Sauli, the then Bishop of Aleria.
In 1611 Mgr Ruscone had a new episcopal palace built next to the
cathedral, later destroyed, and later still re-constructed in 1714 by
Mgr Aprosio. Both cathedral and palace were occupied in 1748 by
Genoese troops. The last bishop of Nebbio was Mgr Santini, from 1776
to 1801, when the bishopric of Nebbio was incorporated into that of
Ajaccio, and the cathedral lost its status.
Choir and main altar
^ "Ancienne cathédrale Santa-Maria-Assunta, Saint-Florent,
Haute-Corse, France". www.gcatholic.org. Retrieved 2017-04-29.
^ Mérimée PA00099241, Ministère français de la Culture. (in
French) Eglise Sainte-Marie (ancienne cathédrale de Nebbio)
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