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Saham al-Jawlan ( ar|سحم الجولان, ''Saḩam al Jawlān''), also known as Saham el-Golan, is a Syrian village in the Daraa Governorate, in the Hauran region. It had a population of 6,572 in 2004.General Census of Population and Housing 2004
Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). Daraa Governorate.
Most residents work in the cultivation of cereals, olives and vegetables.


History



Antiquity

The village has remains dating back to the 4th century. It is also believed to be the biblical city of Golan.

Ottoman period

In 1596 Saham al-Jawlan appeared in the Ottoman tax registers as part of the ''nahiya'' of Jawlan Sarqi in the Qada of Hauran. It had a Muslim population consisting of 22 households and 15 bachelors. A fixed tax−rate of 25% were paid on wheat, barley, summer crops, goats and/or beehives; a total of 4,000 akçe.

Zionist activity

In 1891, the Agudat Ahim society headquartered in Yekatrinoslav, Russian Empire, acquired 100,000 dunams of land in Saham al-Jawlan for Jewish agricultural settlement. Due to the Turkish ban on land purchase by Palestinian Jews, the permits were acquired by Baron Edmond de Rothschild. In 1895, the village of Tiferet Binyamin was established on the land,Katz, Yosef
The "business" of settlement: private entrepreneurship in the Jewish settlement of Palestine, 1900–1914
Magnes Press, Hebrew University, 1994. p. 20.
but the Jews were forced to leave in July 1896, when the Ottomans evicted 17 non-Turkish families and issued an order that led to the expulsion of all East European Jews from the Golan Heights. A later attempt to settle the site with Syrian Jews, who were Ottoman citizens, was not successful. In 1921–1930, during the French Mandate, the Palestine Jewish Colonization Association (PICA) obtained the deeds to the Rothschild estate in Saham al-Jawlan and continued to manage it, collecting rent from the Arab peasants living there.M. R. Fishbach, ''Jewish property claims against Arab countries'', Columbia University Press (2008), p.161

Modern era

From March 2017 to July 2018 Saham al-Jawlan was under the control of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. On 26 July 2018, the Syrian Army’s 4th Armored Division and Tiger Forces following an intense battle with the ISIS-affiliated Jaysh Khaled bin Walid forces managed to regain control of the town Saham al-Jawlan.

See also

*Yavne'el, a village in the Galilee settled in 1901 by Jewish families evicted from Saham al-Jawlan who first took refuge in Metula and Rosh Pinna

References



Bibliography

* *Schumacher (1889)
Across the Jordan; being an exploration and survey of part of Hauran and Jaulan

91
ff

External links


Map of the town
Google Maps
Kafer el Ma-map; 21K
{{Daraa Governorate|daraa Category:Populated places in Daraa District Category: Jewish villages in the Ottoman Empire