Sadaqah or Sadaka (Arabic: صدقة, IPA: [sˤɑdæqɐ],[n A] "charity", "benevolence", plural ṣadaqāt صدقات) in the modern context has come to signify "voluntary charity". According to the Quran, the word means voluntary offering, whose amount is at the will of the "benefactor".
1 Meaning 2 Etymology 3 In Islamic contexts
3.1 In the narrations
4 Difference with Zakat 5 Occurrence in Qur'an 6 Qur'anic evidences 7 Manners and Etiquettes 8 Categories of People Entitled for Sadaqah 9 Effects of giving-out Sadaqah
9.1 Social effects 9.2 Spiritual Effects
10 See also 11 Notes 12 References 13 Further reading
Meaning 'Sadaqa' literally means 'righteousness' and refers to the voluntary giving of alms or charity.. But in Islamic terminology; Sadaqah has been defined as an act of "Giving something to somebody without seeking a substitute in return and with the intention of pleasing Allah.".. Meanwhile, according to Ar-Rageeb al-Asfahaani “Sadaqa is what the person gives from what he possesses, like Zakat, hoping to get closer to Allah". Etymology The term 'Sadaqah' stems from the Arabic root word ‘sidq’ (s-d-q) ص،د،ق, which means sincerity and It is considered as a sign of sincere faith.. The three-letter root of this word, S-D-Q, also means, "to speak the truth," "to be sincere," and "to fulfill one's promise." All of these aspects of honorable behavior indicate the links between generosity and a healthy society.. Some modern researchers also try to etymologically link the word sadaqa to the Hebrew צדקה sedāḳā (almsgiving). Some experts hence conclude that sadaqa is a loanword. In Islamic contexts
Sadaqat is very wide term and used in the
According to Quran, Sadaqa leads into the purification of the
In the narrations
According to some hadiths, "a kind word and smile" can be considered
as sadaqa and the best form of it is "passing on knowledge." Also,
The word is interchangeably used with
Occurrence in Qur'an
The word zakah occurs thirty times in the Quran, out of which, twenty seven times it is linked with prayer. The three places where it has not been linked ... (Suratul Fussilat, 41: 7). The zakah mentioned in these thirty places is in reference to the obligatory zakah. However, Sadaqah (non-obligatory charity) and its plural (sadaqat) occur thirteen times in the Qur'an; five times as Sadaqah, eight times as its plural.
Qur'anic evidences There are many verses on Sadaqat (Charity), either voluntary or obligatory.Among whom are stated below:
And be steadfast in prayer; practise regular charity; and bow down your heads with those who bow down (in worship). They ask thee what they should spend (In charity). Say: Whatever ye spend that is good, is for parents and kindred and orphans and those in want and for wayfarers. And whatever ye do that is good, -Allah knoweth it well. Kind words and the covering of faults are better than charity followed by injury. Allah is free of all wants, and He is Most-Forbearing. Allah will deprive usury of all blessing, but will give increase for deeds of charity: For He loveth not creatures ungrateful and wicked. Those who believe, and do deeds of righteousness, and establish regular prayers and regular charity, will have their reward with their Lord: on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve. So fear Allah as much as ye can; listen and obey and spend in charity for the benefit of your own soul and those saved from the covetousness of their own souls, they are the ones that achieve prosperity.
Manners and Etiquettes
Sadaqah should be from one's legitimate possessions and property. According to Qur'an 2:274, Sadaqah is better to offer in secret. Sadaqah should not be accompanied by reproaching the person who is given the sadaqa. Sadaqah should be out of pure intentions for God. Sadaqah should be from what(possessions) you love.
Categories of People Entitled for Sadaqah
The poor (al-fuqarâ’), that is low-income.
The needy people(al-masâkîn).
The officials appointed to receive Sadaqah(
Effects of giving-out Sadaqah Social effects
It enhance the well-being of the people in Islamic society. It helps in fulfilling the requirement of the poor Muslims. It lightens the debt of the Muslim debtors. It helps in taking care of those whose hearts have been (recently)reconciled (to the Truth). It helps the stranded Muslims to complete their journey. It helps in the healing of various Sickness(according to the prophet of Islam).
It purifies human's heart from the sins of malice, greed, and the obsessive love of wealth. It increases the wealth. It removes bad luck. It helps in crossing the bridge of Siraat. It guarantees heaven.
^Pronunciation variations in Literary Arabic: /sˤadaqa/, the first and the last vowels could be backed to [ɑ] and the last vowel could be turned to [ɐ]. The second vowel could also be backed to [ɑ] or fronted to [æ]. Thus [sˤɑdæqɑ, sˤɑdæqɐ, sˤɑdɑqɑ]. See Arabic phonology.
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DNA of Business. Wiley.com. CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter
^ Vincent J. Cornell (2007). Voices of Islam: Voices of tradition.
Amazon.com. CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link)
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^ Neusner, Jacob; Chilton, Bruce.
Debasa, Ana Maria Carballeira, Charity and Poverty, in
v t e
Alms Altruism Donation Fundraising Philanthropy Volunteering
Types of charitable organizations
Mutual-benefit nonprofit corporation Non-governmental organization Nonprofit organization Public-benefit nonprofit corporation Religious corporation Voluntary association
Charity and religion
Dāna Tithe Tzedakah Sadaqah Zakat
Charity Navigator CharityWatch GiveWell Giving What We Can GuideStar
Alternative giving Benefit concert Charity / thrift / op shop Click-to-donate site Drive Donor intent Earning to give Effective altruism List of charitable foundations
Master of Nonprofit Organizations Matching funds Telethon Volunteer grant Wall of Kindnes