Saccharum
   HOME

TheInfoList



''Saccharum'' is a genus of tall plants of the within the . The genus is widespread across tropical, subtropical, and warm temperate regions in , , , the , and assorted oceanic islands. Several species are cultivated and naturalized in areas outside their native habitats.Welker, C. A. D. & H. M. Longhi-Wagner. 2012. The genera ''Eriochrysis'' P. Beauv., ''Imperata'' Cirillo and ''Saccharum'' L. (Poaceae - Andropogoneae - Saccharinae) in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Botany 35(1): 87–105. ''Saccharum'' includes the s. They have stout, jointed, fibrous stalks that are generally rich in , and measure two to six m (6 to 19 ft) tall. All sugarcane species interbreed and the major commercial s are complex .


Species

, accepted the following species: * ' (L.) Nutt. - southeastern USA * ' (Nees) Trin. - South America * ' (Nees) Steud. - South America * ' Spreng. - southeastern USA * ' (Stapf) Cope - Sumatra * ' (Michx.) Pers. - southeastern USA * ' (Fern.) R. Webster - southeastern USA * ' (Baldwin ex Elliott) Nutt. - southeastern USA * ' Balansa - China, Assam, southeast Asia * ' Steud. - Afghanistan, Himalayas * ' (Stapf) Ohwi - southern China * ' (Walt.) Pers. - southeastern USA, Cuba, Jamaica, Paraguay, Argentina * ' Munro ex Aitch. - from Yemen to Bangladesh * ' Welker & Peichoto * ' (Melderis) Melderis - Oman, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan * ' (Andersson) V.Naray. ex Bor - China, Himalayas, Indochina * ' (Brongn.) Trin. - Pacific Islands * ' (Nees ex Steud.) Hack. - China, Indian Subcontinent, Indochina, Ethiopia * ' L. - New Guinea; naturalized in many warm places * ' Brandes & Jesw. ex Grassl - New Guinea * ' Steud. - China, Indian Subcontinent, Indochina * ' (Hook.f.) V.Naray. ex Bor - eastern Himalayas * Roxb. – China * ' L. - Asia, Africa, Sicily, Papuasia * ' Rajesw., R.R.Rao & Arti Garg - western Himalayas * ' (Holttum) Cope - Peninsular Malaysia * ' Steud. - South America, Mesoamerica * ' (Bor) Bor ex Cope - Assam, Bhutan, Myanmar * ' (Bor) Bor ex Cope - Nepal Placed in ' by Plants of the World Online : * ''Saccharum hildebrandtii'' (Hack.) Clayton → ' * ''Saccharum perrieri'' (A.Camus) Clayton. → ' * ''Saccharum viguieri'' (A.Camus) Clayton → ' Placed in ' by Plants of the World Online : * ''Saccharum arundinaceum'' Retz. - East + South + Southeast Asia; New Guinea → ' * ''Saccharum bengalense'' Retz. - India, Pakistan, Iran, Afghanistan → ' * ''Saccharum kanashiroi'' (Ohwi) Ohwi - Ryukyu Islands → ' * ''Saccharum procerum'' Roxb. - China, Himalayas, Indochina → ' * ''Saccharum ravennae'' (L.) L. - Europe, Asia, Africa → ' * ''Saccharum strictum'' (Host) Spreng. - from Italy to Iran → '


Formerly included

Numerous species are now considered better suited in other genera: '', , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , and ''.


See also

*


References


External links

{{Taxonbar, from=Q17136949 Poaceae genera