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''Saccharum'' is a genus of tall perennial plants of the broomsedge tribe within the grass family. The genus is widespread across tropical, subtropical, and warm temperate regions in Africa, Eurasia, Australia, the Americas, and assorted oceanic islands. Several species are cultivated and naturalized in areas outside their native habitats.Welker, C. A. D. & H. M. Longhi-Wagner. 2012. The genera ''Eriochrysis'' P. Beauv., ''Imperata'' Cirillo and ''Saccharum'' L. (Poaceae - Andropogoneae - Saccharinae) in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Botany 35(1): 87–105. ''Saccharum'' includes the sugarcanes, as well as several ornamental grasses such as Ravenna grass. They have stout, jointed, fibrous stalks that are generally rich in sugar, and measure two to six m (6 to 19 ft) tall. All sugarcane species interbreed and the major commercial cultivars are complex hybrids. ; Accepted species * ''Saccharum alopecuroidum'' (L.) Nutt. - southeastern USA * ''Saccharum angustifolium'' (Nees) Trin. - South America * ''Saccharum arundinaceum'' Retz. - East + South + Southeast Asia; New Guinea * ''Saccharum asperum'' (Nees) Steud. - South America * ''Saccharum baldwinii'' Spreng. - southeastern USA * ''Saccharum beccarii'' (Stapf) Cope - Sumatra * ''Saccharum bengalense'' Retz. - India, Pakistan, Iran, Afghanistan * ''Saccharum brevibarbe'' (Michx.) Pers. - southeastern USA * ''Saccharum coarctatum'' (Fern.) R. Webster - southeastern USA * ''Saccharum contortum'' (Baldwin ex Elliott) Nutt. - southeastern USA * ''Saccharum fallax'' Balansa - China, Assam, southeast Asia * ''Saccharum filifolium'' Steud. - Afghanistan, Himalayas * ''Saccharum formosanum'' (Stapf) Ohwi - southern China * ''Saccharum giganteum'' (Walt.) Pers. - southeastern USA, Cuba, Jamaica, Paraguay, Argentina * ''Saccharum griffithii'' Munro ex Aitch. - from Yemen to Bangladesh * ''Saccharum hildebrandtii'' (Hack.) Clayton - Madagascar * ''Saccharum kajkaiense'' (Melderis) Melderis - Oman, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan * ''Saccharum kanashiroi'' (Ohwi) Ohwi - Ryukyu Islands * ''Saccharum longesetosum'' (Andersson) V.Naray. ex Bor - China, Himalayas, Indochina * ''Saccharum maximum'' (Brongn.) Trin. - Pacific Islands * ''Saccharum narenga'' (Nees ex Steud.) Hack. - China, Indian Subcontinent, Indochina, Ethiopia * ''Saccharum officinarum'' L. - New Guinea; naturalized in many warm places * ''Saccharum perrieri'' (A.Camus) Clayton. - Madagascar * ''Saccharum procerum'' Roxb. - China, Himalayas, Indochina * ''Saccharum ravennae'' (L.) L. - Europe, Asia, Africa * ''Saccharum robustum'' Brandes & Jesw. ex Grassl - New Guinea * ''Saccharum rufipilum'' Steud. - China, Indian Subcontinent, Indochina * ''Saccharum sikkimense'' (Hook.f.) V.Naray. ex Bor - eastern Himalayas * ''Saccharum spontaneum'' L. - Asia, Africa, Sicily, Papuasia * ''Saccharum stewartii'' Rajesw., R.R.Rao & Arti Garg - western Himalayas * ''Saccharum strictum'' (Host) Spreng. - from Italy to Iran * ''Saccharum velutinum'' (Holttum) Cope - Peninsular Malaysia * ''Saccharum viguieri'' (A.Camus) Clayton - Madagascar * ''Saccharum villosum'' Steud. - South America, Mesoamerica * ''Saccharum wardii'' (Bor) Bor ex Cope - Assam, Bhutan, Myanmar * ''Saccharum williamsii'' (Bor) Bor ex Cope - Nepal * ''Saccharum sinense'' Roxb. - China

Formerly included

Numerous species are now considered better suited in other genera: ''Andropogon, Chloris, Digitaria, Eriochrysis, Eulalia, Gynerium, Hemarthria, Imperata, Lophopogon, Melinis, Miscanthus, Panicum, Pappophorum, Paspalum, Perotis, Pogonatherum, Pseudopogonatherum, Spodiopogon, and Tricholaena''.

See also

* Domesticated plants and animals of Austronesia

References




External links


{{Taxonbar|from=Q17136949 Category:Poaceae genera