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Saadat Ali Khan (b. c. 1680 – d. 19 March 1739) was the Subahdar Nawab
Nawab
of Awadh
Awadh
(Oudh) from 26 January 1722 to 1739,[2] and the son of Muhammad Nasir.[3] At the age of 25 he accompanied his father Muhammad Nasir and joined the final campaign of the Mughal Emperor
Mughal Emperor
Aurangzeb against the Maratha
Maratha
in the Deccan, where the Mughal Emperor
Mughal Emperor
honorably awarded him the title Khan Bahadur for his steadfast services.

Contents

1 Life 2 Career 3 Issue and succession 4 Timeline 5 Notes 6 References 7 External links

Life[edit] Sa'adat Khan was born Muhammad Amin Musawi, the son of Muhammad Nasir Musawi, a Shia
Shia
Muslim merchant of Khurasan[4] and descendant of Musa al-Kadhim. His grandfather, a wealthy merchant, migrated to India during the reign of the Mughal Emperor
Mughal Emperor
Shah Jahan. Saadat Ali Khan I's father became a very prominent official during the rule of Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah I.[4] He was the progenitor of the Nawabs of Awadh
Awadh
(through female lineage).[4] Career[edit] At the commencement of the emperor Muhammad Shah's reign he held the faujdari (garrison commander) of Bayana.[4] He made an unsuccessful effort to relieve the trapped Mughal Army
Mughal Army
during the Battle of Bhopal.

v t e

Later Mughal- Maratha
Maratha
Wars

Battle of Amjhera (1728) Battle of Palkhed Battle of Jaitpur (1729) Battle of Delhi
Delhi
(1737) Battle of Bhopal Battle of Damalcherry Pass (1740) Siege of Trichinopoly (1741) First Battle of Katwa Siege of Trichinopoly (1743) Second Battle of Katwa Battle of Burdwan Battle of Malthan (1751) First Battle of Sikandarabad (1754) Battle of Sindkhed (1757) Battle of Udgir Battle of Mangrol (1761) Battle of Rakshasbhuvan

He was one of the commanding Mughal generals in the Battle of Karnal against Nadir Shah.[4] Sa'adat Khan was captured during the battle of Karnal , later on he became the general of Nadir Shah
Nadir Shah
Army which marched to Delhi
Delhi
, however he committed suicide when Nadir shah admonished him and First Nizam of Hyderabad to drink poison and die to put Mughal empire at stake for their vested interest. Sa`adat khan took it literally and died on the night prior to the massacre of Delhi by Nadir Shah
Nadir Shah
on 19 March 1739. He was buried at Delhi
Delhi
in the mausoleum of his brother in Law Sayadat Khan.[4] Issue and succession[edit] Saadat Khan had five daughters but no son. He gave his eldest daughter in marriage to his nephew Muhammad Muqim, better known as Safdar Jung. Saadat Khan's sister was Safdar Jung's mother; his father was Sayadat Khan, a descendant of Qara Yusuf. Safdar Jung succeeded Saadat Khan as ruler of Awadh.[4] All subsequent Nawab
Nawab
of Avadh down to Wajid Ali Shah are thus descended from Saadat Khan, through his daughter. Timeline[edit]

Preceded by -- Mughal Governor of Agra 15 Oct 1720 – 9 Sep 1722 Succeeded by --

Preceded by -- Mughal Governor of Awadh 9 Sep 1722 – 1732 Succeeded by --

Preceded by new creation Subadar Nawab
Nawab
of Awadh 1732 – 19 Mar 1739 Succeeded by Abu´l Mansur Mohammad Moqim Khan

Notes[edit]

^ title after death

References[edit]

^ Saadat Khan – Burhan-ul-mulk (1720–1739) ^ Princely States of India ^ HISTORY OF AWADH (Oudh) a princely State of India
India
by Hameed Akhtar Siddiqui ^ a b c d e f g An Oriental Biographical Dictionary: Founded on Materials Collected by the Late Thomas William Beale; 2nd Edition; Publisher: W.H. Allen, 1894; page 336–337. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.

External links[edit]

Christopher Buyers, The Royal Ark – The genealogy of Saadat Khan The National Information Centre in Lucknow maint

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