The SS Race and Settlement Main Office, (Rasse- und Siedlungshauptamt der SS, RuSHA), was the organization responsible for "safeguarding the racial 'purity' of the SS" within Nazi Germany. One of its duties was to oversee the marriages of SS personnel in accordance with the racial policy of Nazi Germany. After Himmler introduced the "marriage order" on December 31, 1931, the RuSHA would only issue a permit to marry once detailed background investigations into the racial fitness of both prospective parents had been completed and proved both of them to be of Aryan descent back to 1800.
1 Formation 2 Organization 3 Racial policies 4 Postwar 5 See also 6 Notes 7 References
The RuSHA was founded in 1931 by
Babies born during the SS
In 1935 the RuSHA consisted of seven departments (German: Ämter or Amtsgruppen):
Amt Organisation und Verwaltungsamt (English: Organisation and Administration) Amt Rassenamt (English: Race) Amt Schulungsamt (English: Education) Amt Sippen und Heiratsamt (English: Family and Marriage) Amt Siedlungsamt (English: Settlement) Amt für Archiv und Zeitungswesen (English: Records and Press) Amt für Bevölkerungspolitik (English: Population Policy)
In 1940 it was reorganized to create four main departments:
Verwaltungsamt (English: Administration Office). Rassenamt (English: Racial Office), it selected future SS personnel and conducted racial selections. Heiratsamt (English: Marriage Office) it controlled the selection of suitable wives by SS men. Siedlungsamt (English: Settlement Office), it dealt with the settlement of discharged SS men, especially in the annexed eastern areas.
The Race and Settlement Departments were further divided into the
Hauptabteilungen (English: Main Branches). One of these managed
welfare and pensions in cooperation with the SS-Hauptfürsorge- und
Versorgungsamt (English: SS Main Welfare and Pension Department) at
the Reich Ministry of the Interior.
See also: Polish areas annexed by Nazi Germany
By 1937 more than 300 SS men had been expelled from the Schutzstaffel
for violating Nazi race laws (Rassenschande), although an order later
stated that they could remain if they were already married and could
satisfy racial criteria. In November 1940, Himmler reinstated all SS
personnel expelled under the marriage laws, provided they met racial
requirements of the Nazi Party.
Following the invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941, the RuSHA worked
in partnership with
Cases where sexual intercourse had occurred between Eastern European POWs or workers and Germans Children born to Eastern European workers Classification of people of German descent Selection of enemy nationals, particularly Poles, for slave labour and Germanization Kidnapping of children suitable for Germanization Population transfers The persecution and liquidation of Jews
The RuSHA also employed
Some of the 14 defendants in the
In July 1947, 14 officials from the organization were indicted in the
^  SS Collections: RuSHA (Rasse- und Siedlungshauptamt) – Stenger Historica ^ Michael Burleigh (7 November 1991). The Racial State: Germany 1933–1945. Cambridge University Press. p. 84, 273,. ISBN 978-0-521-39802-2. ^ Christian Zentner, Friedemann Bedürftig (1997). The encyclopedia of the Third Reich. Da Capo Press. p. 146. ISBN 978-0-306-80793-0. CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link) ^  SS Collections: RuSHA (Rasse- und Siedlungshauptamt) – Stenger Historica ^ Schmuhl, Hans-Walter (2008). The Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institute for Anthropology, Human Heredity and Eugenics, 1927–1945: Crossing Boundaries. Springer. p. 364. ISBN 1-4020-6599-X.
 SS Collections: RuSHA (Rasse- und Siedlungshauptamt) - www.stengerhistorica.com Law Reports of Trials of War Criminals: United Nations War Crimes Commission. Wm. S. Hein Publishing. 1997. p. 5. ISBN 1-57588-403-8.
v t e
Allgemeine SS Totenkopfverbände (SS-TV) Waffen-SS
Reichsführer-SS SS and police leader SS personnel SS commands
Julius Schreck Joseph Berchtold Erhard Heiden Heinrich Himmler Karl Hanke
Personal Staff Reichsführer-SS
SS Main Office
Head Operational Office
Reich Main Security Office
Ahnenerbe Das Schwarze Korps SS-Junkerschule Bad Tölz Lebensborn
Police and security services
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SS-Begleitkommando des Führers Reichssicherheitsdienst
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Germanic-SS Germaansche SS in Nederland Germaansche SS in Vlaanderen Germanske SS Norge Schalburg Corps Britisches Freikorps S.S. Sturmbrigade R.O.N.A. Finnish Volunteer Battalion of the Waffen-SS
Ostindustrie Deutsche Wirtschaftsbetriebe Deutsche Ausrüstungswerke DEST Allach porcelain Apollinaris Mattoni Sudetenquell Anton Loibl
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Ranks, uniforms and insignia
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