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SPSS
SPSS
STATISTICS is a software package used for logical batched and non-batched statistical analysis . Long produced by SPSS Inc. , it was acquired by IBM
IBM
in 2009. The current versions (2015) are officially named IBM
IBM
SPSS
SPSS
STATISTICS. Companion products in the same family are used for survey authoring and deployment ( IBM
IBM
SPSS
SPSS
Data
Data
Collection, now divested under UNICOM Intelligence), data mining ( IBM
IBM
SPSS
SPSS
Modeler ), text analytics , and collaboration and deployment (batch and automated scoring services).

The software name originally stood for STATISTICAL PACKAGE FOR THE SOCIAL SCIENCES (SPSS), reflecting the original market, although the software is now popular in other fields as well, including the health sciences and marketing.

CONTENTS

* 1 Overview * 2 Versions and ownership history * 3 See also * 4 Notes * 5 References * 6 External links

OVERVIEW

SPSS
SPSS
is a widely used program for statistical analysis in social science . It is also used by market researchers, health researchers, survey companies, government, education researchers, marketing organizations, data miners, and others. The original SPSS
SPSS
manual (Nie, Bent "> The SPSS
SPSS
logo used prior to the renaming in January 2010.

SPSS
SPSS
Statistics
Statistics
Server is a version of SPSS
SPSS
Statistics
Statistics
with a client/server architecture. It had some features not available in the desktop version, such as scoring functions . (Scoring functions are included in the desktop version from version 19.) Since March 2017, SPSS
SPSS
Statistics
Statistics
created a subscription based pricing option. This allows users to use the software based on a $99/month fee.

SPSS
SPSS
Statistics
Statistics
launched V25 on Aug 08, 2017. SPSS
SPSS
v25 adds new and advanced statistics, such as random effects solution results (GENLINMIXED), robust standard errors (GLM/UNIANOVA), and profile plots with error bars within the Advanced Statistics
Statistics
and Custom Tables add-on. V25 also includes new Bayesian Statistics
Statistics
capabilities, a method of statistical inference and publication ready charts, such as powerful new charting capabilities, including new default templates and the ability to share with Microsoft Office applications. Lastly, v25 has a subscription model to buy, manage, download, update, and license SPSS
SPSS
Statistics.

SPSS
SPSS
Statistics
Statistics
is available as a 14-day free trial with base + add-on features.

For support information, click here.

VERSIONS AND OWNERSHIP HISTORY

The software was released in its first version in 1968 as the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) after being developed by Norman H. Nie , Dale H. Bent, and C. Hadlai Hull. Those principals incorporated as SPSS Inc. in 1975. Early versions of SPSS Statistics
Statistics
were designed for batch processing on mainframes , including for example IBM
IBM
and ICL versions, originally using punched cards for input. A processing run read a command file of SPSS
SPSS
commands and either a raw input file of fixed format data with a single record type, or a 'getfile' of data saved by a previous run. To save precious computer time an 'edit' run could be done to check command syntax without analysing the data. From version 10 (SPSS-X) in 1983, data files could contain multiple record types.

SPSS
SPSS
Statistics
Statistics
versions 16.0 and later run under Windows, Mac, and Linux. The graphical user interface is written in Java . The Mac OS version is provided as a Universal binary , making it fully compatible with both PowerPC and Intel-based Mac hardware.

Prior to SPSS
SPSS
16.0, different versions of SPSS
SPSS
were available for Windows
Windows
, Mac OS X and Unix
Unix
. The Windows
Windows
version was updated more frequently and had more features than the versions for other operating systems .

SPSS
SPSS
Statistics
Statistics
version 13.0 for Mac OS X was not compatible with Intel
Intel
-based Macintosh computers, due to the Rosetta emulation software causing errors in calculations. SPSS
SPSS
Statistics
Statistics
15.0 for Windows
Windows
needed a downloadable hotfix to be installed in order to be compatible with Windows
Windows
Vista .

SPSS
SPSS
Inc announced on July 28, 2009 that it was being acquired by IBM for US$1.2 billion. Because of a dispute about ownership of the name "SPSS", between 2009 and 2010, the product was referred to as PASW (Predictive Analytics SoftWare). As of January 2010, it became "SPSS: An IBM
IBM
Company". Complete transfer of business to IBM
IBM
was done by October 1, 2010. By that date, SPSS: An IBM
IBM
Company ceased to exist. IBM
IBM
SPSS
SPSS
is now fully integrated into the IBM
IBM
Corporation, and is one of the brands under IBM
IBM
Software Group's Business Analytics Portfolio, together with IBM
IBM
Algorithmics , IBM
IBM
Cognos and IBM
IBM
OpenPages .

SPSS
SPSS
Data
Data
Collection was acquired October 31, 2015 by UNICOM Systems, Inc., a division of UNICOM Global , under the UNICOM Intelligence brand.

SEE ALSO

* Comparison of statistical packages * PSPP – an open source alternative * JASP – another open source alternative with slightly other emphases * SPSS Modeler

NOTES

* ^ IBM
IBM
SPSS
SPSS
Statistics
Statistics
24 Documentation. * ^ Quintero, Dino; et al. "Workload Optimized Systems: Tuning POWER7 for Analytics". Abstract. * ^ "KDnuggets Annual Software Poll: Analytics/