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Pixel aspect ratio

The table below summarizes pixel aspect ratios for the scaling of various kinds of SDTV video lines.

The pixel aspect ratio is the sam

The pixel aspect ratio is the same for 720- and 704-pixel resolutions because the visible image (be it 4:3 or 16:9) is contained in the center 704 horizontal pixels of the digital frame. In the case of a digital video line having 720 horizontal pixels (including horizontal blanking), only the center 704 pixels contain the actual 4:3 or 16:9 image, and the 8-pixel-wide stripes on either side are called nominal analog blanking or horizontal blanking and should be discarded when displaying the image. Nominal analog blanking should not be confused with overscan, as overscan areas are part of the actual 4:3 or 16:9 image.

For SMPTE 259M-C compliance, an SDTV broadcast image is scaled to 720 pixels wide[d] for every 480 NTSC (or 576 PAL) lines of the image with the amount of non-proportional line scaling dependent on either the display or pixel aspect ratio. The display ratio for broadcast widescreen is commonly 16:9,[e] the display ratio for a traditional or letterboxed broadcast is 4:3.[f]

An SDTV image outside the constraints of the SMPTE standards requires no non-proportional scaling with 640 pixels[g] for every line of the image. The display and pixel aspect ratio is generally not required with the line height defining the aspect. For widescreen 16:9, 360 lines define a widescreen image and for traditional 4:3, 480 lines define an image.

See also[For SMPTE 259M-C compliance, an SDTV broadcast image is scaled to 720 pixels wide[d] for every 480 NTSC (or 576 PAL) lines of the image with the amount of non-proportional line scaling dependent on either the display or pixel aspect ratio. The display ratio for broadcast widescreen is commonly 16:9,[e] the display ratio for a traditional or letterboxed broadcast is 4:3.[f]

An SDTV image outside the constraints of the SMPTE standards requires no non-proportional scaling with 640 pixels[g] for every line of the image. The display and pixel aspect ratio is generally not required with the line height defining the aspect. For widescreen 16:9, 360 lines define a widescreen image and for traditional 4:3, 480 lines define an image.