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SAKO, Limited (Finnish: Suojeluskuntain Ase- ja Konepaja Oy, lit "Civil Guard Gun and Machining Works Ltd") is a Finnish firearm and ammunition manufacturer located in Riihimäki, Tavastia Proper
Tavastia Proper
in southern Finland. It also owns the Tikka brand of bolt-action rifles since 1983, and is now owned by the Italian firearm holding company Beretta
Beretta
Holding.

Contents

1 Origins 2 Post– World War II
World War II
production 3 Current production

3.1 Sako brand 3.2 Tikka brand

4 Sako model history (Europe)

4.1 Models

5 Notes 6 External links

Origins[edit] In 1919, two years after Finland
Finland
declared independence from the Russian Empire, the Suojeluskuntain Yliesikunnan Asepaja (Civil Guard Supreme Staff Gun Works) opened in a former Helsinki
Helsinki
brewery to repair private arms and recondition Russian military rifles for Finnish service. The rifle repair shop became financially independent of the civil guard in 1921. The Suojeluskuntain Yliesikunnan Asepaja moved from Helsinki
Helsinki
to an ammunition factory in Riihimäki
Riihimäki
on 1 June 1927, and reorganized as SAKO
SAKO
in the 1930s. Sako started exporting pistol cartridges to Sweden]in the 1930s and continued manufacturing submachine gun cartridges through World War II.[1] The firearms manufacturer Tikkakoski, which owned the Tikka brand, was merged into SAKO
SAKO
in 1983. The Valtion Kivääritehdas
Valtion Kivääritehdas
(VKT) opened at Tourula, Jyväskylä
Jyväskylä
in 1925 had become a part of Valmet
Valmet
in the 1950s and in 1987, the state-owned Valmet
Valmet
and SAKO
SAKO
fused into SAKO-Valmet, with ownership split evenly between Nokia
Nokia
and Valmet. After several organizational shifts in state ownership, the SAKO
SAKO
name remained for the privately owned gun- and cartridge-producing company located in the cities of Riihimäki
Riihimäki
and Jyväskylä
Jyväskylä
(former Valmet
Valmet
factory in Tourula, which was later closed). The company now is owned by Beretta Holdings. Post– World War II
World War II
production[edit] The first civilian rifle bearing the Sako name was the L42 (Luodikko [rifle] model 1942) chambered for the 7×33mm Sako cartridge, prototyped in 1942, and commercial production started after World War II. Sako developed the 7×33mm cartridge based on the 9×19mm Parabellum pistol cartridge, by making a longer case and "necking" the case down to 7 mm calibre (7.21 mm bullet diameter). This cartridge was designed for and well suited to capercaille and black grouse hunting, a popular sport in Finland, Sweden and Norway. The L46 was later denoted L461 "Vixen". The L461 has been very popular in Finland
Finland
and Sweden, especially chambered for the .222 Remington cartridge and has an great reputation among aficionados.[citation needed] In 1957, Sako launched a longer action, the L57, subsequently renamed L579 "Forester". This is a "medium action" intended for the .308 Winchester and similar cartridges. In 1961, Sako introduced the L61R "Finnbear" for long cartridges like the .30-06
.30-06
and 6.5×55mm. Between 1959 and 1974, Sako produced a lever-action gun, the Sako Finnwolf, in .243 Winchester
.243 Winchester
and .308 Winchester. Sako has also produced a number of rimfire rifles, among them are the P72 Finnscout, the M78,the Finnfire and the Quad. The M78 was also chambered for the .22 Hornet
.22 Hornet
and the .22 WMR
.22 WMR
in addition to the .22 Long Rifle. During the 1980s (1987), Sako started using the AI/AII/AV designations (previously used for models imported to the US) for the three action lengths in Europe. The complete rifles were still designated L461/L579/L61. The bolt was given a slight cosmetic makeover, with the hammer covered by a conical shell. This visual design was also used on the later models (M4/5/691, M75, M85). The L579 could be delivered with detachable magazine although the default was a hinged floorplate. From 1987 to 1992 a version of the short (Vixen) action was produced for the .22 PPC and 6mm PPC cartridges, when Sako introduced these former wildcat cartridges as commercial cartridges, denoted ".22 PPC USA" and " 6mm PPC USA" to avoid confusion with the specialized bench rest cartridges which required a "tight neck" chamber. These actions are the same external dimensions, and have the same bolt diameter as the 222 Remington, 222 Rem. Magnum, 223 Rem. cartridge actions. Only the bolt face recess was enlarged to suit the PPC case. In 1992, the first of the "newer" Sakos, the 591, was introduced as a replacement for the L579. Shortly after, the 491 and the 691 were launched. These rifles (491/591/691) are not as highly regarded as the L461/L579/L61R and according to folklore, the quality of the workmanship is slightly inferior for the 491/591/691. They featured a separate recoil lug, also found on the 75, and a Tikka trigger assembly. However, these rifles were available in left-hand configuration both as a medium action (591) and long action (691) In 1997, Sako launched the M75, named for Sako's 75th anniversary. The 75 was externally similar to previous Sako models, but the construction was radically different featuring three symmetrical locking lugs and a detachable magazine. Before the 75, Sako hunting rifles (except the L46 and the L579) did not have detachable magazines, but a hinged floorplate with the lock placed on the front of the trigger guard. Sako's latest (and current) model, the M85, was introduced in 2006. Current production[edit] Sako brand[edit]

Sako 85 — Sako's premium-line bolt-action centerfire hunting rifle, available in many configurations and calibres from .204 Ruger
.204 Ruger
through to .416 RM Sako A7 — Sako's mid-price-range hunting rifle, filling the gap between the Sako 85 premium line and the Tikka T3x value line hunting rifles. The A7 combines different features from the Sako 85 and the Tikka T3, along with a unique in-line detachable magazine design, and is currently (2010) available only with a synthetic stock, in combination with either a blued chromoly or stainless steel barrelled action. Sako TRG
Sako TRG
— A long-range sniper rifle geared toward law enforcement and military use Sako Quad — A rimfire rifle, available in a variety of configurations with interchangeable barrels in .17 HMR, .17 HM2, .22 LR and .22 WMR
.22 WMR
calibres Sako Finnfire II — A rimfire rifle available in .17 HMR
.17 HMR
and .22 LR calibres

Tikka brand[edit]

Tikka T3x — Sako's budget-range centerfire hunting rifle, available in calibres from .204 Ruger
.204 Ruger
to .338 WM Tikka T1x MTR — A "multi-task rimfire" rifle, introduced in 2018, available in .17 HMR
.17 HMR
and .22 LR
.22 LR
calibres

Sako model history (Europe)[edit]

Introduced Model Chambered for Comments

1942 L42 7×33mm Sako

1946 L46 5.6×35mmR, .22 Hornet, .218 Bee, .222 Rem, .222 Rem Mag, .25-20 Win, 7×33mm Sako, .32-20 Win Detachable magazine

1954? P54/P54T .22 LR

195? M98 .270 Win, .30-06, .300 H&H, 8×60mm, 9.3×62mm, .375 H&H FN M98 action, Sako stock and barrel

1957 L57 .243 Win, .244 Rem, .308 Win Fixed magazine

1959 L579 Forester .22-250, .243 Win, .244 Rem, .308 Win Fixed magazine, later in production detachable as option

1961 L461 Vixen .17 Rem, .222 Rem, .222 Rem Mag, .223 Rem Fixed magazine

1961 L61R Finnbear .264 Win, .270 Win, 30-06 Three locking lugs: Two in front and one on the rear end of the bolt

1961 L61R Finnbear Magnum 7mm Rem Mag, .300 Win Mag, .300 H&H, .338 Win Mag, .375 H&H Three locking lugs: two in front and one on the rear end of the bolt

1963 VL63 Finnwolf .243 Win, .244 Rem, .308 Win, .358 Win Lever-action

1972 L61R Finnbear .25-06 Rem, 6.5×55mm, .270 Win, 7×64mm, .30-06, 9.3×62mm Two locking lugs in front

1972 L61R Finnbear Magnum 7mm Rem Mag, .300 Win Mag, .338 Win Mag, .375 H&H Two locking lugs in front

1972 P72 Finnscout .22 LR, .22 WMR

1974? Sako M74 Super .222 Rem, .223 Rem, .22-250, .243 Win, .308 Win, .25-06, .270 Win, .30-06, .264 Mag, 7mm Rem Mag, .300 Win Mag, .300 H&H, .338 Win Mag, .375 H&H

1975 P75 .22 Hornet

1978 M78 Finnscout .22 LR, .22 WMR, .22 Hornet

1979/80 AI/L461 .17 Rem, .222 Rem, .223 Rem Also available as single-shot action

1987 AI/L461 PPC .22 PPC USA, 6mm PPC USA Also available as single-shot action

1979/80 AII/L579 .22-250 Rem, .243 Win, 7mm-08, .308 Win Also available as single-shot action

1979/80 AIII

Early version of the AV, short tang

1979/80 AIV

1979/80 AV/L61R .25-06 Rem, 6.5×55, .270 Win, 7×64, .30-06, 9.3×62mm Long tang

1979/80 AV Mag/L61R Magnum 7mm Rem Mag, .300 Win Mag, .300 Wby, .338 Win Mag, .375 H&H, .416 Rem Mag .458 Win Mag has been produced on special order

1982? VL63 Finnwolf Sako Collectors Association .243 Win, .308 Win Lever-action

1988 M579 SM (Super Match) .308 Win

1989 TRG-21 .308 Win Three locking lugs in front, detachable magazine

1989 TRG-41 .338 Lapua Mag Three locking lugs in front, detachable magazine

1992 M591 Left hand .22-250, .243 Win, 7mm-08 Rem, .308 Win

1993 S491 .17 Rem, .222 Rem, .223 Rem, .22 PPC USA, 6mm PPC USA

1993 M591 .22-250, .243 Win, 7mm-08 Rem, .308 Wiän

1993 L691 .25-06, 6.5×55mm, .270 Win, 7×64, .280 Rem, .30-06, 9.3×62mm

1993 L691 Mag .270 Wby, 7mm Rem Mag, 7mm Wby, .300 Win Mag, .300 Wby, .338 Win Mag, .340 Wby, .375 H&H, .416 Rem Mag

1995? M995 TRG-S .25-06, 6.5×55mm, .270 Win, .280 Rem, 7×64mm, .308 Win, .30-06, 9.3×62mm Three locking lugs in front, detachable magazine

1995? M995 TRG-S Magnum .270 Wby, 7mm Rem Mag, 7mm Wby, 7mm STW, 7.21mm Firebird, .300 Win Mag, .300 Wby, 7.82mm Warbird, .30-378 Wby, .338 Win Mag, .340 Wby, .338 Lapua Mag, .375 H&H, .416 Rem Mag Three locking lugs in front, detachable magazine

1997 Sako M75 I .222 Rem, .223 Rem Three locking lugs in front, detachable magazine

1997 Sako M75 III .22 PPC USA, 6mm PPC USA Three locking lugs in front, detachable magazine

1997 Sako M75 III .22-250, .243 Win, .260 Rem, 7mm-08 Rem, .308 Win Three locking lugs in front, detachable magazine

1997 Sako M75 SM .270 WSM, .300WSM Three locking lugs in front, detachable magazine

1997 Sako M75 IV .25-06, 6.5×55mm, .270 Win, 7×64mm, .30-06, 9.3×62, 9.3×66mm Sako Three locking lugs in front, detachable magazine

1997 Sako M75 V 7mm Rem Mag, .300 Win Mag, .375 H&H, .416 Rem Mag Three locking lugs in front, detachable magazine

1999 TRG-22 .260 Rem, .308 Win Three locking lugs in front, detachable magazine

1999 TRG-42 .300 Win Mag, .338 Lapua Mag Three locking lugs in front, detachable magazine

2001 Sako M75 V Safari anniversary model .375 H&H Three locking lugs in front, detachable magazine

2001 Sako Finnfire P94S .22 LR

2006? Sako Quad .17 Mach 2, .17 HMR, .22 LR, .22 WMR Interchangeable barrels

2006 Sako M85 XS .204 Ruger, .222 Remington, .223 Remington Three locking lugs in front, detachable magazine

2006 Sako M85 S .22-250, .243 Win, .260 Rem, 7mm-08 Rem, .308 Win, .338 Federal Three locking lugs in front, detachable magazine

2006 Sako M85 SM .270 WSM, 7mm WSM, .300 WSM Three locking lugs in front, detachable magazine

2006 Sako M85 M .25-06, 6.5×55mm, .270 Win, 7×64mm, .30-06, 9.3×62mm, 9.3×66mm Sako Three locking lugs in front, detachable magazine

2006 Sako M85 L 7mm Rem Mag, .300 Win Mag, .338 Win Mag, .375 H&H Mag Three locking lugs in front, detachable magazine

2011 Sako TRG
Sako TRG
M10 .308 Win, .300 Win Mag, .338 Lapua Mag User configurable multi caliber modular sniper system

2014 Sako Finnfire II .17 HMR, .22 LR

Models[edit]

Models A-series actions

L461/AI L461/AI PPC L579/AII L61R/AV L61R Mag/AV Mag

Hunter X X X X X

Deluxe X

X X X

Super Deluxe X

X X X

Laminated X

X X X

Varmint X X X

Target X X X

Carbine

X X X

Handy

X X

Handy Fiber

X

Battue

X X X

Classic

X X X

Fiberclass

X X

Safari

X

Models 4/5/691 series actions

Hunter, Deluxe, Super Deluxe, Laminated, Varmint, Carbine, Classic

Sako Rifle in .25-06

Models M75 series actions

I (Short) III (Medium) SM (Short magnum) IV (Long) V (Magnum)

Hunter X X X X X

Hunter Stainless X X

X X

Hunter left hand

X

Laminated stainless X X X X X

Deluxe X X X X X

Synthetic stainless

X X X X

Finnlight

X X X X

Varmint X X

X

Varmint Laminated Stainless X X

Sako Finnlight in .243 Winchester

Models M85 series actions

Hunter, Laminated stainless, Synthetic stainless, Finnlight, Bavarian, Bavarian carbine, Varmint, Brown Bear, Black Bear, Kodiak, Grizzly, Long range

Notes[edit]

^ Meyer, Scott E. (2003). "The Sako Saga". American Rifleman. National Rifle Association. 151 (October): 65&66. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to SAKO.

SAKO
SAKO
corporate website SAKO
SAKO
USA division TIKKA brand website TIKKA brand Canadian mirror Sako A7 website Modern Firearms Gunwriters' M95 Assault Rifl

.