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Söğüt
Söğüt
([søʲyt]) is a town and district in Bilecik
Bilecik
Province, Turkey. It is located in the Marmara region in the north-west of the country, with an area of 599 km2 (231 sq mi), bordering Bilecik
Bilecik
to the west, Gölpazarı
Gölpazarı
to the north, İnhisar
İnhisar
to the north-east, Tepebaşı (Eskişehir) to the south-east, and Bozüyük to the south-west. Söğüt
Söğüt
district has 5 boroughs and 23 villages, with the population last recorded as 21,012 citizens (2000), but according to a 2010 estimate the population was 19,425. Söğüt
Söğüt
is notable as the founding location and first capital of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
from 1299 to 1335.

Contents

1 History 2 Today 3 References 4 External links

History[edit]

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Söğüt
Söğüt
was a Seljuk Turkish tribe in western Anatolia
Anatolia
that later gave birth to the Ottoman Empire. It was a small but sophisticated tribe that extended from the Kayi branch of the Seljuk Turks
Seljuk Turks
that in the 12th and 13th centuries invaded Anatolia. The village of Söğüt was surrounded by three greater Turkish tribes; Eskenderum in the north, Eskişehir in the east, Konyali in the south; and with the Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Empire
in the west. Legend has it that the bey (chief) of the tribe in the late 13th century, Ertuğrul, bravely kept the enemies at bay so that his son, Osman, could conquer them all during his reign, 1299 to 1326. When Osman's son, Orhan, came to power after his father's death he renamed the tribe Osmanli in honour of his father. The village of Söğüt
Söğüt
(formerly Thebasion until 1231) later grew into a town that served the Osmanli tribe as capital until the capture of the Byzantine city of Bursa
Bursa
in 1326 when the capital was moved to the far more luxurious palaces of the Byzantines. Söğüt
Söğüt
was the birthplace of Sultan
Sultan
Osman I. It was conquered by Ertuğrul
Ertuğrul
for the Anatolian Seljuks from the Nicean Empire
Nicean Empire
in 1231. It was called Thebasion before the Turkish conquest. It had a kaza centre in Ertuğrul
Ertuğrul
Sanjak (Its centre was Bilecik) of Hüdavendigâr Vilayet and also included present districts of İnhisar, İnönü, Mihalgazi, Sarıcakaya
Sarıcakaya
and Yenipazar, central and eastern parts of Bozüyük
Bozüyük
one and some villages of Nallıhan
Nallıhan
and Tepebaşı ones before World War I. It was occupied three times by Greek troops (8-11 January 1921, 24 March-21 April 1921 and 12 July 1921-6 September 1922) during Turkish War of Independence. Today[edit] Today Söğüt
Söğüt
is a small town in the humid river valley of Bilecik Province in Turkey. Turkish history and life-size statues of the Ottoman sultans are exhibited in the Söğüt
Söğüt
Ethnographical Museum. It is also the 3rd biggest district center in its province after Bozüyük
Bozüyük
and Bilecik. Its market is open every Thursday and some people visit the city from the districts of İnhisar
İnhisar
and Yenipazar for shopping. References[edit]

^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.  ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Söğüt.

v t e

Söğüt
Söğüt
in Bilecik Province
Bilecik Province
of Turkey

Districts

Bilecik Bozüyük Gölpazarı İnhisar Osmaneli Pazaryeri Söğüt Yenipazar

List of Provinces by Region

Istanbul

Istanbul

West Marmara

Balıkesir Çanakkale Edirne Kırklareli Tekirdağ

Aegean

Afyonkarahisar Aydın Denizli İzmir Kütahya Manisa Muğla Uşak

East Marmara

Bilecik Bolu Bursa Düzce Eskişehir Kocaeli Sakarya Yalova

West Anatolia

Ankara Karaman Konya

Mediterranean

Adana Antalya Burdur Hatay Isparta Kahramanmaraş Mersin Osmaniye

Central Anatolia

Aksaray Kayseri Kırıkkale Kırşehir Nevşehir Niğde Sivas Yozgat

West Black Sea

Amasya Bartın Çankırı Çorum Karabük Kastamonu Samsun Sinop Tokat Zonguldak

East Black Sea

Artvin Giresun Gümüşhane Ordu Rize Trabzon

Northeast Anatolia

Ağrı Ardahan Bayburt Erzincan Erzurum Iğdır Kars

Central East Anatolia

Bingöl Bitlis Elazığ Hakkâri Malatya Muş Tunceli Van

Southeast Anatolia

Adıyaman Batman Diyarbakır Gaziantep Kilis Mardin Siirt Şanlıurfa Şırnak

Metropolitan municipa

.