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Rzeszów
Rzeszów
(/ˈʒɛʃuːf/,[2] Polish: [ˈʐɛʂuf] ( listen); Ukrainian: Ряшiв, Ŕašiv; German: Resche (antiquated[3]), Latin: Resovia; Yiddish: ריישע‎, rayshe) is the largest city in southeastern Poland, with a population of 189,637 (01.03.2018).[1] It is located on both sides of the Wisłok River
Wisłok River
in the heartland of the Sandomierz Basin. Rzeszów
Rzeszów
has been the capital of the Subcarpathian Voivodeship since 1 January 1999, and is also the seat of Rzeszów County. The history of Rzeszów
Rzeszów
begins in 1354, when it received city rights and privileges by Casimir III the Great. Local trade routes connecting the European Continent with the Middle East
Middle East
and the Ottoman Empire resulted in the city's early prosperity and development. In the 16th century, Rzeszów
Rzeszów
had a connection with Gdańsk
Gdańsk
and the Baltic Sea.[4] It also experienced growth in commerce and craftsmanship, especially under local rulers and noblemen. Following the Partitions of Poland, Rzeszów
Rzeszów
was annexed by the Austrian Empire
Austrian Empire
and did not regain its position until it returned to Poland
Poland
after World War I. During World War II Rzeszów's large Jewish community perished in the Holocaust.[4] Rzeszów
Rzeszów
has found its place in the group of the most elite cities in Poland, with growing number of investments, rapid progress and a very high standard of living.[5][6] In 2011 Forbes
Forbes
awarded Rzeszów
Rzeszów
with the second place in the ranking of the most attractive semi-large cities for business.[5] Moreover, the city is home to a number of higher education schools and foreign consulates. Rzeszów
Rzeszów
is also developing as a regional tourist destination; its Old Town, Main Market Square, churches and synagogues belong to one of the best preserved in the country. In recent years, the population of Rzeszów
Rzeszów
has grown from 159,000 (2005) to nearly 190,000 (2017). Further plans for extending the city's borders include incorporating surrounding counties to strengthen its function as a metropolitan centre in southeastern Poland.[5] Rzeszów
Rzeszów
is served by an international airport and is a member of Eurocities.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Since Poland's independence 1.2 Holocaust 1.3 The Pope's visit 1.4 Other

2 Geography

2.1 Climate 2.2 Main sights

3 Culture

3.1 Theatres 3.2 Museums 3.3 Art galleries 3.4 Libraries 3.5 Other 3.6 Notable people 3.7 Sports

4 Economy and infrastructure

4.1 Industry 4.2 Media

4.2.1 Radio 4.2.2 Press 4.2.3 Television

4.3 Transport

4.3.1 Transit 4.3.2 Airport 4.3.3 Buses 4.3.4 Railways

5 Education 6 International relations

6.1 Twin towns – Sister cities

7 Gallery 8 References 9 Bibliography 10 External links

History[edit] In the area of Rzeszów, the first humans appeared in the late Paleolithic
Paleolithic
Age; archeologists have excavated a tool made in that period at site Rzeszów
Rzeszów
25. In the mid-6th century BC, the first farmers came to the area of the city, most likely through the Moravian Gate. Later on, Rzeszów
Rzeszów
was a settlement of the Lusatian culture, which was followed by the Przeworsk culture.

City Hall in the Main Market Square. Initially built in the 16th century, it was later remodelled in Neogothic
Neogothic
and Renaissance Revival styles

In the 5th century, the first Slavs
Slavs
appeared in the area, which is confirmed by numerous archeological findings. Most probably, Rzeszów was then inhabited by the Vistulans. Some time between 11th and 13th century the town was conquered and subsequently annexed by the East Slavic Ruthenians. Polish princes of the Piast
Piast
dynasty annexed it in 1264 and in Tarnów, there was a meeting of Prince Bolesław V the Chaste, and Prince Daniel of Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia, during which both sides agreed that the border would go between Rzeszów
Rzeszów
and Czudec
Czudec
( Rzeszów
Rzeszów
belonged to Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia, while Czudec
Czudec
and Strzyżów
Strzyżów
to Lesser Poland).

Nobleman Mikołaj Spytek Ligęza
Mikołaj Spytek Ligęza
greatly contributed to the city's importance

After unification of Poland
Poland
(see Testament of Bolesław III Wrymouth), Rzeszów
Rzeszów
remained in Ruthenian hands until 1340, when Casimir III the Great annexed Red Ruthenia, inviting his knights to govern the newly acquired land. According to some sources, at that time Rzeszów
Rzeszów
was inhabited by the Walddeutsche, and was called Rishof (during World War II, the Germans renamed it Reichshof). The town was granted Magdeburg rights, it had a parish church, a market place and a cemetery, and its total area was some 1,5 km2. Magdeburg rights
Magdeburg rights
granted Rzeszów’s local authorities the permission to punish criminals, build fortifications and tax merchants. In 1458 Rzeszów
Rzeszów
was burned by the Vlachs
Vlachs
and the Turkic Tatars. In 1502 the Tatars
Tatars
destroyed it again. Earlier, in 1427, Rzeszów
Rzeszów
had burned to the ground in a big fire, but the town recovered after these events, due to its favorable location on the main West – East ( Kraków
Kraków
– Lwów) and North – South ( Lublin
Lublin
– Slovakia) routes. In the 15th century first Jews settled in Rzeszów. 16th century was the time of prosperity for the town, especially when Rzeszów
Rzeszów
belonged to Mikołaj Spytek Ligęza
Mikołaj Spytek Ligęza
(since the 1580s), who invested in infrastructure, building a castle, a Bernardine church and a monastery. Rzeszów
Rzeszów
then had some 2,500 inhabitants, with a rapidly growing Jewish community. The town was granted several royal rights, including the privilege to organize several markets a year. At that time, Rzeszów
Rzeszów
finally grew beyond its medieval borders, marked by fortifications.

Rzeszów Castle
Rzeszów Castle
with surroundings, by K.H. Wiedemann, 1762

In 1638 Rzeszów
Rzeszów
passed into the hands of the powerful and wealthy Lubomirski family, becoming the centre of its vast properties. At first, the town prospered and in 1658, first college was opened there, which now operates as High School Nr 1. The period of prosperity ended, and furthermore, there were several fires and wars, which destroyed the town. Rzeszów
Rzeszów
was first captured by the Swedes during The Deluge, then by the troops of George II Rákóczi
George II Rákóczi
leading to the Treaty of Radnot. During the Great Northern War, the Swedes again captured Rzeszów, in 1702, then several different armies occupied the town, ransacking it and destroying houses. In the mid-eighteenth century, the town's population was composed of Poles (Roman Catholics) and Yiddish Jews in almost equal numbers (50,1% and 49,8%, respectively).[7] In 1772, following first partition of Poland, Rzeszów
Rzeszów
became part of the Austrian Empire, to which it belonged for 146 years. In the late 18th century, Rzeszów
Rzeszów
had 3,000 inhabitants. By the mid-19th century, the population grew to around 7,500, with 40% of them Jewish. In 1858, Galician Railway of Archduke Charles Louis reached Rzeszów, which resulted in further development of the town. In 1888 first telephone lines were opened, in 1900 – gas street lamps, and in 1911 – power plant and water system. The population grew to 23,000, with half of inhabitants being Jews. A number of modern building were constructed, most of them in Secession style. During World War I, several battles took place in the area of the town. Rzeszów
Rzeszów
was home to a large garrison of the Austro-Hungarian Army, and in the city of Przemyśl, located nearby, there was a major fortress. During the Battle of Galicia
Battle of Galicia
in the late summer of 1914, Russian troops moved towards Rzeszów, and on 21 September, they captured it. First Russian occupation lasted only 16 days, ending after an attack of the Austrians, on 4 October. Under Russian pressure, the Austrians were unable to keep the town, and on 7 November, the Russians again appeared in Rzeszów. In late fall of 1914, the frontline was established between Tarnów
Tarnów
and Gorlice, and Rzeszów
Rzeszów
became an important center of the Imperial Russian Army, with large magazines of food and ammunition located there. Russian occupation lasted until May 1915.

Solidarity Park in Rzeszów

After the Russians were pushed out of Galicia, Rzeszów
Rzeszów
remained outside of the area of military activities. Austrian administration returned, but wartime reality and destruction of the town had a negative effect on the population, and the quality of life deteriorated. Since Poland's independence[edit] On 12 October 1918, Rzeszów’s mayor, together with Town Council, sent a message to Warsaw, announcing loyalty to the independent Polish government. On 1 November, after clashes with German and Austrian troops, Rzeszów
Rzeszów
was a free town, and on 2 November, mayor Roman Krogulski took a pledge of allegiance to the Polish state. During World War I, some 200 residents of Rzeszów
Rzeszów
died, rail infrastructure was destroyed, as well as approximately 60 houses. In 1920, Rzeszów
Rzeszów
became capital of a county in the Lwów
Lwów
Voivodeship. The town grew, and creation of the Central Industrial Region had an enormous impact on Rzeszów. It became a major center of defense industry, with PZL
PZL
Rzeszów
Rzeszów
opened there in 1937, it also was a home to a large garrison of the Polish Army, with the 10th Motorized Cavalry Brigade stationed there. In 1939, Rzeszów
Rzeszów
had 40,000 inhabitants, but its dynamic growth was stopped by the Invasion of Poland.

Market Square in Rzeszów

On 6 September 1939, Rzeszów
Rzeszów
was bombed by the Luftwaffe. The town was defended by the 10 Cavalry Brigade and 24th Uhlan Regiment from Kraśnik. German attack began on 6 September in the afternoon, and the Wehrmacht entered the city on the next day in the morning. Rzeszów, renamed into Reichshof, became part of the General Government, in 1941 a ghetto was opened there, whose Jewish inhabitants were later murdered in Bełżec extermination camp. During the war, Rzeszów
Rzeszów
was a main center of Polish resistance (Home Army, AK), with Rzeszów
Rzeszów
Inspectorate of the AK covering several counties. On 25 May, during Action Kosba, Home Army
Home Army
soldiers killed on Rzeszów
Rzeszów
street Gestapo
Gestapo
henchmen, Friederich Pottenbaum and Hans Flaschke. In the summer 1944, during Operation Tempest, units of the Home Army
Home Army
attacked German positions in the town, and on 2 August, Rzeszów
Rzeszów
was in the hands of the Home Army. Polish authorities loyal to the London Government tried to negotiate with the Soviets, but without success. NKVD
NKVD
immediately opened a prison in the cellars of the Rzeszów
Rzeszów
Castle, sending there a number of Home Army
Home Army
soldiers. In the night of 7/9 October 1944, Home Army
Home Army
unit under Łukasz Ciepliński attacked the castle, trying to release 400 inmates kept there. The attack failed, Ciepliński was captured and subsequently executed in 1951.

Provincial council headquarters (Urząd Wojewódzki) in Rzeszów

On 7 July 1945, Rzeszów
Rzeszów
became capital of the newly created Rzeszów Voivodeship, which consisted of western counties of prewar Lwów Voivodeship, and several counties of prewar Kraków
Kraków
Voivodeship. This decision had a major impact on the city, as it quickly grew. New offices of the regional government were built, and in 1951, several neighboring villages were annexed by Rzeszów, and the area of the city grew to 39 km2. In 1971 and 1977, further villages were annexed. In early 1981, Rzeszów
Rzeszów
was a main center of peasant’s protests, who for fifty days occupied local offices, which resulted in signing of the Rzeszów
Rzeszów
– Ustrzyki Agreement, and creation of Rural Solidarity. On 1 January 1999, the city became the capital of Podkarpackie Voivodeship. Its population grew to 170,000, and area to 91,43 km2. Since January 1, 2017 years Rzeszów
Rzeszów
will be greater on the village Bzianka (Government Decision of July 2016.). The area of Rzeszów
Rzeszów
will increase to over 120 square kilometers and more than 188,000 inhabitants. Holocaust[edit]

Ethnographic Museum, Old Town

Until the outbreak of World War II
World War II
the Jews of Rzeszów
Rzeszów
numbered 14,000, more than one-third of the total ethnic Polish population.[8] The town was occupied by the German Army on 10 September 1939 and was renamed as "Reichshof".[8][9] German persecution of the Jews began almost immediately; by the end of 1939, there were 10 forced labour camps in the Rzeszów
Rzeszów
region and many Jews became slave labourers. Jews were forced to live in the Gestapo-controlled ghetto.[8][10] Many Jews managed to flee to Soviet-occupied Poland. By June 1940, the number of Jews in Rzeszów
Rzeszów
had decreased to 11,800, of whom 7,800 were pre-war residents of the city; the rest were refugees from surrounding villages. Life in the ghetto was impossible and hundreds died. During the war some 20,000 Jews were murdered in the ghetto in Rzeszów. This number includes thousands who were sent to Rzeszów
Rzeszów
only to be deported or murdered soon after arrival. In the fall of 1943 most Jewish slave labor was transported in Holocaust
Holocaust
trains to the newly reopened Szebnie concentration camp. A month later, on 5 November 1943, some 2,800 Jews were sent from there, to meet their demise in Auschwitz.[11][12] Of Rzeszów's 14,000 Jews, only 100 survived the war in Rzeszów
Rzeszów
itself, hiding all over Poland, and in various camps. After the war an additional 600 Rzeszów
Rzeszów
Jews returned from the Soviet Union. Almost all of them subsequently left the city and the country. The Pope's visit[edit] In 1991 Pope John Paul II
Pope John Paul II
visited Rzeszów. During the celebrations in which nearly 1,000,000 people participated, the pope beatified Bishop Józef Sebastian Pelczar, former bishop of Przemyśl. On 25 March 1992 Pope John Paul II
Pope John Paul II
established the new Diocese of Rzeszów.[13] The city of Rzeszów
Rzeszów
became the administrative centre of the new Diocese and the Church of the Sacred Heart became the new city cathedral.[13] Other[edit] In 2004, Rzeszów
Rzeszów
hosted the Central European Olympiad in Informatics (CEOI).

Rzeszów
Rzeszów
surrounding countryside

Geography[edit] Climate[edit] Rzeszów
Rzeszów
lies in the north temperate zone and has a continental climate with four distinct seasons. It is characterised by a significant variation between hot summers and cold, snowy winters. Average temperatures in summer range from 18 to 19.6 °C (64 to 67 °F) and in winter from −2.1 to 0 °C (28 to 32 °F). The average annual temperature is 8.9 °C (48 °F). In summer temperatures often exceed 25 °C (77 °F), and sometimes even 30 °C (86 °F), while winter drops to −5 °C (23 °F) at night and about 0 °C (32 °F) at day; during very cold nights the temperature drops to −15 °C (5 °F).[14][15] In view of the fact that Rzeszów
Rzeszów
lies near the Carpathian Mountains, there is sometimes a halny[16] – a föhn wind, when the temperature can rise rapidly.

Climate data for Rzeszów

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 0 (32) 2 (36) 7 (45) 14 (57) 20 (68) 22 (72) 24 (75) 24 (75) 18 (64) 13 (55) 6 (43) 1 (34) 12.58 (54.64)

Average low °C (°F) −4 (25) −4 (25) −1 (30) 3 (37) 8 (46) 11 (52) 13 (55) 12 (54) 9 (48) 5 (41) 0 (32) −3 (27) 4.08 (39.34)

Average rainfall mm (inches) 22.4 (0.882) 23.1 (0.909) 24.9 (0.98) 39.7 (1.563) 55 (2.17) 59.5 (2.343) 67.5 (2.657) 51.9 (2.043) 56.5 (2.224) 33.3 (1.311) 28.5 (1.122) 24.9 (0.98) 487.2 (19.181)

Source: MSN Weather

Main sights[edit]

Rzeszów
Rzeszów
Castle

Rzeszów
Rzeszów
Castle The Main Square Rzeszów
Rzeszów
Town Hall, built in 1591 Small (17th century) and Big (18th century, restored 1954–63) Synagogue Łańcut Castle Podziemia, underground tunnels

Culture[edit]

Wanda Siemaszkowa Theatre

Provincial and City Public Library

Theatres[edit]

Wanda Siemaszkowa Theatre (est. 1944) Maska Theatre Rzeszów
Rzeszów
Dance Theatre

Museums[edit]

Ethnographic Museum Museum of the City of Rzeszów Diocesan Museum Rzeszów
Rzeszów
Castle

Art galleries[edit]

"Szajna" gallery "Pod Ratuszem" gallery "z Podwórza" gallery OPe Photo Gallery

Libraries[edit]

Provincial and City Public Library in Rzeszów Rzeszów University
Rzeszów University
Library Rzeszów University of Technology
Rzeszów University of Technology
Library

Other[edit]

Podpromie Hall Artur Malawski Philharmonic Hall

Notable people[edit] As the largest city of the region Rzeszów
Rzeszów
has a diverse set of notable people associated with it. Hero of anti-Nazi and anti-Soviet resistance, Lukasz Cieplinski, singer Justyna Steczkowska, general Józef Zając, and leading theatre director Jerzy Grotowski, among others, were born or lived in the city. Polish prime minister and commander-in-chief general Władysław Sikorski
Władysław Sikorski
studied there, while pioneer of the oil industry, Ignacy Łukasiewicz, spent much of his life in Rzeszów. Anja Rubik, Polish model, was born in 1983 in Rzeszów. Natalie Portman's family come from Rzeszów.[17] Tomasz Stańko, internationally acclaimed jazz trumpeter, Rich Szaro, American football player, and Dawid Kostecki, professional boxer, come from Rzeszów. Sports[edit]

Volleyball match between Resovia and Skra Bełchatów

Resovia Rzeszów

men's volleyball team playing in Polish Volleyball League, 6 times Polish Champions, 3 times Polish Cup winners one of the oldest men's football teams in Poland
Poland
(1905 or 1904) basketball team, Polish Champions 1974/75

Stal Rzeszów

motorcycle speedway team men's football team

Rzeszów
Rzeszów
Rockets – American football team

Economy and infrastructure[edit] Industry[edit]

CH Galeria Rzeszów
Rzeszów
– the largest shopping center in the city

Valeant Pharmaceuticals International
Valeant Pharmaceuticals International
(NYSE:VRX) Rzeszów
Rzeszów
(formerly ICN Polfa Rzeszów) United Technologies Corporation
United Technologies Corporation
(NYSE:UTX) Pratt & Whitney division (acquired WSK- PZL
PZL
Rzeszów) – Aerospace engineering including one of the world's two F-16 engine manufacturers Zelmer SA – household equipment Asseco
Asseco
Poland
Poland
SA (earlier Comp Rzeszów
Rzeszów
S.A.) – the largest computer software company in Poland Novartis
Novartis
International AG (NYSE:NVS) Rzeszów
Rzeszów
– Gerber Products Company food production facilities Sanofi-Aventis
Sanofi-Aventis
(NYSE:SNY) Goodrich Corporation
Goodrich Corporation
opened a 5.3 hectare manufacturing facility near Rzeszów
Rzeszów
in November 2010[18] Eastern IT Cluster grouping several IT companies is headquartered in Rzeszów FIBRAIN – manufacturer in the field of ICT systems

At Widełka
Widełka
substation, situated approximately 20 kilometres (12 miles) northnortheast of Rzeszów, the Rzeszów–Khmelnytskyi powerline, the only 750 kV powerline in Poland, ends.

Media[edit]

Burgaller Palace (Polish Radio Rzeszów)

Radio[edit]

Radio Rzeszów Radio Eska Rzeszów Akademickie Radio Centrum Katolickie Radio Via Radio RES

Press[edit]

Gazeta Codzienna NOWINY Super Nowości Nasz Dom Gazeta Wyborcza Rzeszów

Television[edit]

Polish Television (TVP) branch in Rzeszów Rzeszów
Rzeszów
municipal television

Transport[edit]

City map of Rzeszów

Transit[edit] Rzeszów
Rzeszów
is located on the main West-East European E40 Highway, which goes from Calais
Calais
in France via Belgium, across Germany, Poland, Ukraine
Ukraine
and onto Russia
Russia
and Kazakhstan. (Within Poland
Poland
the E40 follows the A4 Highway. Other Polish cities located by the E40 highway are Wrocław, Katowice, Kraków
Kraków
and Korczowa. In recent years, communication has been improved by modernisation of the roads within the city. SCATS traffic system has been implemented. Highway A4 acts as a bypass of the city, running through the northern districts of Rzeszów. Airport[edit]

Rzeszów–Jasionka Airport

Rzeszów-Jasionka Airport
Rzeszów-Jasionka Airport
(Port Lotniczy Rzeszów-Jasionka) is located in the village of Jasionka 10 kilometres (6.2 miles) north of the city. As of June 2015 scheduled passenger services are offered by Ryanair, LOT Polish Airlines, and Lufthansa. This is supplemented seasonally by tourist charter flights to typical summer leisure destinations. For more details see Rzeszów-Jasionka Airport
Rzeszów-Jasionka Airport
or its Official website. Buses[edit] The city operates 49 bus lines including night and airport buses. Rzeszów
Rzeszów
is also a gateway to the Bieszczady mountains, with many buses heading for Sanok.[19] Railways[edit] Rzeszów
Rzeszów
is an important rail hub is on the main West-East rail route; Line 91. This runs from Silesia
Silesia
and Kraków, Kraków
Kraków
Main station ( Kraków
Kraków
Główny) – Medyka
Medyka
on the Polish eastern border. This line then continues on to Ukraine. Its main railway station was established in the 19th century and apart from it, there are five additional stations in the city: Rzeszów
Rzeszów
Staroniwa, Rzeszów
Rzeszów
Zwięczyca, Rzeszów
Rzeszów
Osiedle, Rzeszów
Rzeszów
Załęże and Rzeszów
Rzeszów
Zachodni (freight only). There are also two non-electrified lines stemming from Rzeszów – to Jasło
Jasło
and to Tarnobrzeg. Education[edit]

Rzeszów University
Rzeszów University
of Technology

Universities:

Rzeszów University
Rzeszów University
(established in 2001 from a number of smaller schools)[20] Rzeszów University of Technology
Rzeszów University of Technology
(formed from The Higher Engineering School in 1974) University of Information Technology and Management in Rzeszów (established in 1996) website

Branches in Dębica, Krosno
Krosno
and Nisko

Wyższa Szkoła Zarządzania website WSPiA Rzeszowska Szkoła Wyższa – Rzeszów
Rzeszów
(established in 1995) website

Notable high schools:

Konarski's Number 1 High School in Rzeszów John Paul II High School

International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Poland Twin towns – Sister cities[edit] Rzeszów
Rzeszów
is twinned with:[21]

Gainesville, Florida, United States[21] Buffalo, New York, United States[21][22][23] Košice, Slovakia
Slovakia
(since 1991)[21][24] Nyíregyháza, Hungary[21] Bielefeld, Germany[21] Klagenfurt, Austria[21] Lamia, Greece[21] Satu Mare, Romania[21][25] Lviv, Ukraine[21] Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine[21][26] Lutsk, Ukraine[21] Fangchenggang, China[21][27]

Gallery[edit]

The City Hall

The Diocesan Museum

The historic Market Square

Farny Square in Rzeszów

The PKO Bank Building

The Old Town Synagogue

The Music Institute

The Revolution Monument

Main Library

Multimedia fountain

Basilica of the Assumption

References[edit]

^ a b "Dane statystyczne urzędu miasta Rzeszowa" (in Polish). Retrieved 2018-01-17.  ^ Random House Dictionary ^ Cf. Pięć wieków miasta Rzeszowa XIV-XVIII, Collective of authors, Franciszek Błoński (pl) (ed.) on behalf of the Polskie Towarzystwo Historyczne, Rzeszów
Rzeszów
department, Warsaw: Państwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe, 1958, p. 18; and Władysław Makarski, Roczniki humanistyczne, Towarzystwo Naukowe Katolickiego Uniwersytetu Lubelskiego, 1983. T. 33, p. 70. During the German occupation 1939–1944 Rzeszów
Rzeszów
was given the artificial new name of Reichshof. ^ a b o.o., Stay Poland
Poland
Sp. z. "History of Rzeszow". Retrieved 28 April 2017.  ^ a b c Rzeszów
Rzeszów
excellent choice ^ News, Rzeszów
Rzeszów
(10 December 2015). "Raport o polskich metropoliach. Jak wypadł w nim Rzeszów?". Retrieved 28 April 2017.  ^ J. Motylkiewicz. "Ethnic Communities in the Towns of the Polish-Ukrainian Borderland in the Sixteenth, Seventeenth, and Eighteenth Centuries". C. M. Hann, P. R. Magocsi ed. Galicia: A Multicultured Land. University of Toronto Press. 2005. p. 37. ^ a b c "Rzeszow". jewishvirtuallibrary.org. Retrieved 5 February 2010.  ^ "Truppenübungsplatz Reichshof (Rzeszow) • Axis History Forum". Retrieved 28 April 2017.  ^ "Rzeszow Ghetto". Retrieved 28 April 2017.  ^ Stefan Krakowski (2013). "Rzeszow. Holocaust
Holocaust
Period". Encyclopaedia Judaica. Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved 8 July 2013. In September 1943 able-bodied Jews of Rzeszów
Rzeszów
were transported to Szebnia, where the majority met their death.  ^ "Rzeszow www.HolocaustResearchProject.org". Retrieved 28 April 2017.  ^ a b "Serwis informacyjny UM Rzeszów
Rzeszów
– History of Rzeszów". rzeszow.pl. Retrieved 5 February 2010. [dead link] ^ "EuroWEATHER – Maximum temperature, Rzeszow, Poland
Poland
– Climate averages". eurometeo.com. Retrieved 5 February 2010.  ^ "MSN Weather – Yearly, Monthly Temperature and Precipitation Averages and Records for Rzeszów, POL". weather.uk.msn.com. Retrieved 5 February 2010.  ^ A note attempting to provide the English comprehension of halny, which lacks a one-word translation: Halny
Halny
is a singular masculine noun in Polish (plural: halne) when denoting the wind. Wind is of masculine gender in Polish: wiatr. The terms halny and wiatr halny are synonymous. Halny
Halny
is also a general masculine adjective derived from the feminine noun hala, a grassy meadow typical of the higher elevations of the Carpathian Mountains
Carpathian Mountains
and the Alps. The feminine singular adjective is halna, while the neuter singular and the plural for all three genders of the adjective is halne. ^ "Polska? Tak!". the POLSKI blog. 13 September 2011. Retrieved 12 March 2013.  ^ "Business briefs". Archived from the original on 12 November 2010. Retrieved 10 November 2010.  ^ "PKS Rzeszów
Rzeszów
S.A." web.pks.rzeszow.pl. Retrieved 8 January 2010.  ^ "University of Rzeszów: News". www.univ.rzeszow.pl. Archived from the original on 9 February 2010. Retrieved 8 January 2010.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Serwis informacyjny UM Rzeszów
Rzeszów
– Informacja o współpracy Rzeszowa z miastami partnerskimi". www.rzeszow.pl. Archived from the original on 5 December 2012. Retrieved 2 February 2010.  ^ "History". Buffalo-Rzeszow Sister Cities, Inc. Archived from the original on 1 February 2009. Retrieved 24 December 2008.  ^ Sister Cities from Buffalo's website Archived 25 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Twin cities of the City of Kosice". Magistrát mesta Košice, Tr. Retrieved 27 July 2013.  ^ "Semnarea acordului de înfrăţire: Satu Mare- Rzeszow" (in Romanian). www.satu-mare.ro. Retrieved 27 June 2009.  ^ Офіційний сайт міста Івано-Франківська. mvk.if.ua (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 7 March 2010.  ^ " Fangchenggang
Fangchenggang
– nowe miasto partnerskie Rzeszowa" (in Polish). www.rzeszow.pl. Retrieved 8 November 2012. 

Bibliography[edit]

Jerzy Jawczak (1991). Rzeszów. Krajowa Agencja Wydawnicza. ISBN 978-83-03-02788-7. Retrieved 25 February 2010.  Malczewski, Jan (1995). Rakuś, Anna; Staszewski, Krzysztof; Malczewski, Jan, eds. 'Zamek w Rzeszowie, jego otoczenie i właściciele (in Polish). Rzeszów: Libri Ressovienses. ISBN 83-902021-5-8.  Moshe Yaari-Wald (ed.), Sefer Zikkaron li-Kehillat Risha (Heb., some Yid. and Eng., 1967).

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rzeszów.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Rzeszów.

Gallery Rzeszów
Rzeszów
City Department Welcome to Rzeszów! Gallery of Rzeszów

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Rzeszów
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Rzeszów
Rzeszów
County

Seat (not part of the county): Rzeszów

Urban gmina

Dynów

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Coordinates: 50°2′N 22°0′E / 50.033°N 22.000°E / 50.033; 22.000

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 237775

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Rzeszów
Rzeszów
(/ˈʒɛʃuːf/,[2] Polish: [ˈʐɛʂuf] ( listen); Ukrainian: Ряшiв, Ŕašiv; German: Resche (antiquated[3]), Latin: Resovia; Yiddish: ריישע‎, rayshe) is the largest city in southeastern Poland, with a population of 189,637 (01.03.2018).[1] It is located on both sides of the Wisłok River
Wisłok River
in the heartland of the Sandomierz Basin. Rzeszów
Rzeszów
has been the capital of the Subcarpathian Voivodeship since 1 January 1999, and is also the seat of Rzeszów County. The history of Rzeszów
Rzeszów
begins in 1354, when it received city rights and privileges by Casimir III the Great. Local trade routes connecting the European Continent with the Middle East
Middle East
and the Ottoman Empire resulted in the city's early prosperity and development. In the 16th century, Rzeszów
Rzeszów
had a connection with Gdańsk
Gdańsk
and the Baltic Sea.[4] It also experienced growth in commerce and craftsmanship, especially under local rulers and noblemen. Following the Partitions of Poland, Rzeszów
Rzeszów
was annexed by the Austrian Empire
Austrian Empire
and did not regain its position until it returned to Poland
Poland
after World War I. During World War II Rzeszów's large Jewish community perished in the Holocaust.[4] Rzeszów
Rzeszów
has found its place in the group of the most elite cities in Poland, with growing number of investments, rapid progress and a very high standard of living.[5][6] In 2011 Forbes
Forbes
awarded Rzeszów
Rzeszów
with the second place in the ranking of the most attractive semi-large cities for business.[5] Moreover, the city is home to a number of higher education schools and foreign consulates. Rzeszów
Rzeszów
is also developing as a regional tourist destination; its Old Town, Main Market Square, churches and synagogues belong to one of the best preserved in the country. In recent years, the population of Rzeszów
Rzeszów
has grown from 159,000 (2005) to nearly 190,000 (2017). Further plans for extending the city's borders include incorporating surrounding counties to strengthen its function as a metropolitan centre in southeastern Poland.[5] Rzeszów
Rzeszów
is served by an international airport and is a member of Eurocities.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Since Poland's independence 1.2 Holocaust 1.3 The Pope's visit 1.4 Other

2 Geography

2.1 Climate 2.2 Main sights

3 Culture

3.1 Theatres 3.2 Museums 3.3 Art galleries 3.4 Libraries 3.5 Other 3.6 Notable people 3.7 Sports

4 Economy and infrastructure

4.1 Industry 4.2 Media

4.2.1 Radio 4.2.2 Press 4.2.3 Television

4.3 Transport

4.3.1 Transit 4.3.2 Airport 4.3.3 Buses 4.3.4 Railways

5 Education 6 International relations

6.1 Twin towns – Sister cities

7 Gallery 8 References 9 Bibliography 10 External links

History[edit] In the area of Rzeszów, the first humans appeared in the late Paleolithic
Paleolithic
Age; archeologists have excavated a tool made in that period at site Rzeszów
Rzeszów
25. In the mid-6th century BC, the first farmers came to the area of the city, most likely through the Moravian Gate. Later on, Rzeszów
Rzeszów
was a settlement of the Lusatian culture, which was followed by the Przeworsk culture.

City Hall in the Main Market Square. Initially built in the 16th century, it was later remodelled in Neogothic
Neogothic
and Renaissance Revival styles

In the 5th century, the first Slavs
Slavs
appeared in the area, which is confirmed by numerous archeological findings. Most probably, Rzeszów was then inhabited by the Vistulans. Some time between 11th and 13th century the town was conquered and subsequently annexed by the East Slavic Ruthenians. Polish princes of the Piast
Piast
dynasty annexed it in 1264 and in Tarnów, there was a meeting of Prince Bolesław V the Chaste, and Prince Daniel of Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia, during which both sides agreed that the border would go between Rzeszów
Rzeszów
and Czudec
Czudec
( Rzeszów
Rzeszów
belonged to Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia, while Czudec
Czudec
and Strzyżów
Strzyżów
to Lesser Poland).

Nobleman Mikołaj Spytek Ligęza
Mikołaj Spytek Ligęza
greatly contributed to the city's importance

After unification of Poland
Poland
(see Testament of Bolesław III Wrymouth), Rzeszów
Rzeszów
remained in Ruthenian hands until 1340, when Casimir III the Great annexed Red Ruthenia, inviting his knights to govern the newly acquired land. According to some sources, at that time Rzeszów
Rzeszów
was inhabited by the Walddeutsche, and was called Rishof (during World War II, the Germans renamed it Reichshof). The town was granted Magdeburg rights, it had a parish church, a market place and a cemetery, and its total area was some 1,5 km2. Magdeburg rights
Magdeburg rights
granted Rzeszów’s local authorities the permission to punish criminals, build fortifications and tax merchants. In 1458 Rzeszów
Rzeszów
was burned by the Vlachs
Vlachs
and the Turkic Tatars. In 1502 the Tatars
Tatars
destroyed it again. Earlier, in 1427, Rzeszów
Rzeszów
had burned to the ground in a big fire, but the town recovered after these events, due to its favorable location on the main West – East ( Kraków
Kraków
– Lwów) and North – South ( Lublin
Lublin
– Slovakia) routes. In the 15th century first Jews settled in Rzeszów. 16th century was the time of prosperity for the town, especially when Rzeszów
Rzeszów
belonged to Mikołaj Spytek Ligęza
Mikołaj Spytek Ligęza
(since the 1580s), who invested in infrastructure, building a castle, a Bernardine church and a monastery. Rzeszów
Rzeszów
then had some 2,500 inhabitants, with a rapidly growing Jewish community. The town was granted several royal rights, including the privilege to organize several markets a year. At that time, Rzeszów
Rzeszów
finally grew beyond its medieval borders, marked by fortifications.

Rzeszów Castle
Rzeszów Castle
with surroundings, by K.H. Wiedemann, 1762

In 1638 Rzeszów
Rzeszów
passed into the hands of the powerful and wealthy Lubomirski family, becoming the centre of its vast properties. At first, the town prospered and in 1658, first college was opened there, which now operates as High School Nr 1. The period of prosperity ended, and furthermore, there were several fires and wars, which destroyed the town. Rzeszów
Rzeszów
was first captured by the Swedes during The Deluge, then by the troops of George II Rákóczi
George II Rákóczi
leading to the Treaty of Radnot. During the Great Northern War, the Swedes again captured Rzeszów, in 1702, then several different armies occupied the town, ransacking it and destroying houses. In the mid-eighteenth century, the town's population was composed of Poles (Roman Catholics) and Yiddish Jews in almost equal numbers (50,1% and 49,8%, respectively).[7] In 1772, following first partition of Poland, Rzeszów
Rzeszów
became part of the Austrian Empire, to which it belonged for 146 years. In the late 18th century, Rzeszów
Rzeszów
had 3,000 inhabitants. By the mid-19th century, the population grew to around 7,500, with 40% of them Jewish. In 1858, Galician Railway of Archduke Charles Louis reached Rzeszów, which resulted in further development of the town. In 1888 first telephone lines were opened, in 1900 – gas street lamps, and in 1911 – power plant and water system. The population grew to 23,000, with half of inhabitants being Jews. A number of modern building were constructed, most of them in Secession style. During World War I, several battles took place in the area of the town. Rzeszów
Rzeszów
was home to a large garrison of the Austro-Hungarian Army, and in the city of Przemyśl, located nearby, there was a major fortress. During the Battle of Galicia
Battle of Galicia
in the late summer of 1914, Russian troops moved towards Rzeszów, and on 21 September, they captured it. First Russian occupation lasted only 16 days, ending after an attack of the Austrians, on 4 October. Under Russian pressure, the Austrians were unable to keep the town, and on 7 November, the Russians again appeared in Rzeszów. In late fall of 1914, the frontline was established between Tarnów
Tarnów
and Gorlice, and Rzeszów
Rzeszów
became an important center of the Imperial Russian Army, with large magazines of food and ammunition located there. Russian occupation lasted until May 1915.

Solidarity Park in Rzeszów

After the Russians were pushed out of Galicia, Rzeszów
Rzeszów
remained outside of the area of military activities. Austrian administration returned, but wartime reality and destruction of the town had a negative effect on the population, and the quality of life deteriorated. Since Poland's independence[edit] On 12 October 1918, Rzeszów’s mayor, together with Town Council, sent a message to Warsaw, announcing loyalty to the independent Polish government. On 1 November, after clashes with German and Austrian troops, Rzeszów
Rzeszów
was a free town, and on 2 November, mayor Roman Krogulski took a pledge of allegiance to the Polish state. During World War I, some 200 residents of Rzeszów
Rzeszów
died, rail infrastructure was destroyed, as well as approximately 60 houses. In 1920, Rzeszów
Rzeszów
became capital of a county in the Lwów
Lwów
Voivodeship. The town grew, and creation of the Central Industrial Region had an enormous impact on Rzeszów. It became a major center of defense industry, with PZL
PZL
Rzeszów
Rzeszów
opened there in 1937, it also was a home to a large garrison of the Polish Army, with the 10th Motorized Cavalry Brigade stationed there. In 1939, Rzeszów
Rzeszów
had 40,000 inhabitants, but its dynamic growth was stopped by the Invasion of Poland.

Market Square in Rzeszów

On 6 September 1939, Rzeszów
Rzeszów
was bombed by the Luftwaffe. The town was defended by the 10 Cavalry Brigade and 24th Uhlan Regiment from Kraśnik. German attack began on 6 September in the afternoon, and the Wehrmacht entered the city on the next day in the morning. Rzeszów, renamed into Reichshof, became part of the General Government, in 1941 a ghetto was opened there, whose Jewish inhabitants were later murdered in Bełżec extermination camp. During the war, Rzeszów
Rzeszów
was a main center of Polish resistance (Home Army, AK), with Rzeszów
Rzeszów
Inspectorate of the AK covering several counties. On 25 May, during Action Kosba, Home Army
Home Army
soldiers killed on Rzeszów
Rzeszów
street Gestapo
Gestapo
henchmen, Friederich Pottenbaum and Hans Flaschke. In the summer 1944, during Operation Tempest, units of the Home Army
Home Army
attacked German positions in the town, and on 2 August, Rzeszów
Rzeszów
was in the hands of the Home Army. Polish authorities loyal to the London Government tried to negotiate with the Soviets, but without success. NKVD
NKVD
immediately opened a prison in the cellars of the Rzeszów
Rzeszów
Castle, sending there a number of Home Army
Home Army
soldiers. In the night of 7/9 October 1944, Home Army
Home Army
unit under Łukasz Ciepliński attacked the castle, trying to release 400 inmates kept there. The attack failed, Ciepliński was captured and subsequently executed in 1951.

Provincial council headquarters (Urząd Wojewódzki) in Rzeszów

On 7 July 1945, Rzeszów
Rzeszów
became capital of the newly created Rzeszów Voivodeship, which consisted of western counties of prewar Lwów Voivodeship, and several counties of prewar Kraków
Kraków
Voivodeship. This decision had a major impact on the city, as it quickly grew. New offices of the regional government were built, and in 1951, several neighboring villages were annexed by Rzeszów, and the area of the city grew to 39 km2. In 1971 and 1977, further villages were annexed. In early 1981, Rzeszów
Rzeszów
was a main center of peasant’s protests, who for fifty days occupied local offices, which resulted in signing of the Rzeszów
Rzeszów
– Ustrzyki Agreement, and creation of Rural Solidarity. On 1 January 1999, the city became the capital of Podkarpackie Voivodeship. Its population grew to 170,000, and area to 91,43 km2. Since January 1, 2017 years Rzeszów
Rzeszów
will be greater on the village Bzianka (Government Decision of July 2016.). The area of Rzeszów
Rzeszów
will increase to over 120 square kilometers and more than 188,000 inhabitants. Holocaust[edit]

Ethnographic Museum, Old Town

Until the outbreak of World War II
World War II
the Jews of Rzeszów
Rzeszów
numbered 14,000, more than one-third of the total ethnic Polish population.[8] The town was occupied by the German Army on 10 September 1939 and was renamed as "Reichshof".[8][9] German persecution of the Jews began almost immediately; by the end of 1939, there were 10 forced labour camps in the Rzeszów
Rzeszów
region and many Jews became slave labourers. Jews were forced to live in the Gestapo-controlled ghetto.[8][10] Many Jews managed to flee to Soviet-occupied Poland. By June 1940, the number of Jews in Rzeszów
Rzeszów
had decreased to 11,800, of whom 7,800 were pre-war residents of the city; the rest were refugees from surrounding villages. Life in the ghetto was impossible and hundreds died. During the war some 20,000 Jews were murdered in the ghetto in Rzeszów. This number includes thousands who were sent to Rzeszów
Rzeszów
only to be deported or murdered soon after arrival. In the fall of 1943 most Jewish slave labor was transported in Holocaust
Holocaust
trains to the newly reopened Szebnie concentration camp. A month later, on 5 November 1943, some 2,800 Jews were sent from there, to meet their demise in Auschwitz.[11][12] Of Rzeszów's 14,000 Jews, only 100 survived the war in Rzeszów
Rzeszów
itself, hiding all over Poland, and in various camps. After the war an additional 600 Rzeszów
Rzeszów
Jews returned from the Soviet Union. Almost all of them subsequently left the city and the country. The Pope's visit[edit] In 1991 Pope John Paul II
Pope John Paul II
visited Rzeszów. During the celebrations in which nearly 1,000,000 people participated, the pope beatified Bishop Józef Sebastian Pelczar, former bishop of Przemyśl. On 25 March 1992 Pope John Paul II
Pope John Paul II
established the new Diocese of Rzeszów.[13] The city of Rzeszów
Rzeszów
became the administrative centre of the new Diocese and the Church of the Sacred Heart became the new city cathedral.[13] Other[edit] In 2004, Rzeszów
Rzeszów
hosted the Central European Olympiad in Informatics (CEOI).

Rzeszów
Rzeszów
surrounding countryside

Geography[edit] Climate[edit] Rzeszów
Rzeszów
lies in the north temperate zone and has a continental climate with four distinct seasons. It is characterised by a significant variation between hot summers and cold, snowy winters. Average temperatures in summer range from 18 to 19.6 °C (64 to 67 °F) and in winter from −2.1 to 0 °C (28 to 32 °F). The average annual temperature is 8.9 °C (48 °F). In summer temperatures often exceed 25 °C (77 °F), and sometimes even 30 °C (86 °F), while winter drops to −5 °C (23 °F) at night and about 0 °C (32 °F) at day; during very cold nights the temperature drops to −15 °C (5 °F).[14][15] In view of the fact that Rzeszów
Rzeszów
lies near the Carpathian Mountains, there is sometimes a halny[16] – a föhn wind, when the temperature can rise rapidly.

Climate data for Rzeszów

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 0 (32) 2 (36) 7 (45) 14 (57) 20 (68) 22 (72) 24 (75) 24 (75) 18 (64) 13 (55) 6 (43) 1 (34) 12.58 (54.64)

Average low °C (°F) −4 (25) −4 (25) −1 (30) 3 (37) 8 (46) 11 (52) 13 (55) 12 (54) 9 (48) 5 (41) 0 (32) −3 (27) 4.08 (39.34)

Average rainfall mm (inches) 22.4 (0.882) 23.1 (0.909) 24.9 (0.98) 39.7 (1.563) 55 (2.17) 59.5 (2.343) 67.5 (2.657) 51.9 (2.043) 56.5 (2.224) 33.3 (1.311) 28.5 (1.122) 24.9 (0.98) 487.2 (19.181)

Source: MSN Weather

Main sights[edit]

Rzeszów
Rzeszów
Castle

Rzeszów
Rzeszów
Castle The Main Square Rzeszów
Rzeszów
Town Hall, built in 1591 Small (17th century) and Big (18th century, restored 1954–63) Synagogue Łańcut Castle Podziemia, underground tunnels

Culture[edit]

Wanda Siemaszkowa Theatre

Provincial and City Public Library

Theatres[edit]

Wanda Siemaszkowa Theatre (est. 1944) Maska Theatre Rzeszów
Rzeszów
Dance Theatre

Museums[edit]

Ethnographic Museum Museum of the City of Rzeszów Diocesan Museum Rzeszów
Rzeszów
Castle

Art galleries[edit]

"Szajna" gallery "Pod Ratuszem" gallery "z Podwórza" gallery OPe Photo Gallery

Libraries[edit]

Provincial and City Public Library in Rzeszów Rzeszów University
Rzeszów University
Library Rzeszów University of Technology
Rzeszów University of Technology
Library

Other[edit]

Podpromie Hall Artur Malawski Philharmonic Hall

Notable people[edit] As the largest city of the region Rzeszów
Rzeszów
has a diverse set of notable people associated with it. Hero of anti-Nazi and anti-Soviet resistance, Lukasz Cieplinski, singer Justyna Steczkowska, general Józef Zając, and leading theatre director Jerzy Grotowski, among others, were born or lived in the city. Polish prime minister and commander-in-chief general Władysław Sikorski
Władysław Sikorski
studied there, while pioneer of the oil industry, Ignacy Łukasiewicz, spent much of his life in Rzeszów. Anja Rubik, Polish model, was born in 1983 in Rzeszów. Natalie Portman's family come from Rzeszów.[17] Tomasz Stańko, internationally acclaimed jazz trumpeter, Rich Szaro, American football player, and Dawid Kostecki, professional boxer, come from Rzeszów. Sports[edit]

Volleyball match between Resovia and Skra Bełchatów

Resovia Rzeszów

men's volleyball team playing in Polish Volleyball League, 6 times Polish Champions, 3 times Polish Cup winners one of the oldest men's football teams in Poland
Poland
(1905 or 1904) basketball team, Polish Champions 1974/75

Stal Rzeszów

motorcycle speedway team men's football team

Rzeszów
Rzeszów
Rockets – American football team

Economy and infrastructure[edit] Industry[edit]

CH Galeria Rzeszów
Rzeszów
– the largest shopping center in the city

Valeant Pharmaceuticals International
Valeant Pharmaceuticals International
(NYSE:VRX) Rzeszów
Rzeszów
(formerly ICN Polfa Rzeszów) United Technologies Corporation
United Technologies Corporation
(NYSE:UTX) Pratt & Whitney division (acquired WSK- PZL
PZL
Rzeszów) – Aerospace engineering including one of the world's two F-16 engine manufacturers Zelmer SA – household equipment Asseco
Asseco
Poland
Poland
SA (earlier Comp Rzeszów
Rzeszów
S.A.) – the largest computer software company in Poland Novartis
Novartis
International AG (NYSE:NVS) Rzeszów
Rzeszów
– Gerber Products Company food production facilities Sanofi-Aventis
Sanofi-Aventis
(NYSE:SNY) Goodrich Corporation
Goodrich Corporation
opened a 5.3 hectare manufacturing facility near Rzeszów
Rzeszów
in November 2010[18] Eastern IT Cluster grouping several IT companies is headquartered in Rzeszów FIBRAIN – manufacturer in the field of ICT systems

At Widełka
Widełka
substation, situated approximately 20 kilometres (12 miles) northnortheast of Rzeszów, the Rzeszów–Khmelnytskyi powerline, the only 750 kV powerline in Poland, ends.

Media[edit]

Burgaller Palace (Polish Radio Rzeszów)

Radio[edit]

Radio Rzeszów Radio Eska Rzeszów Akademickie Radio Centrum Katolickie Radio Via Radio RES

Press[edit]

Gazeta Codzienna NOWINY Super Nowości Nasz Dom Gazeta Wyborcza Rzeszów

Television[edit]

Polish Television (TVP) branch in Rzeszów Rzeszów
Rzeszów
municipal television

Transport[edit]

City map of Rzeszów

Transit[edit] Rzeszów
Rzeszów
is located on the main West-East European E40 Highway, which goes from Calais
Calais
in France via Belgium, across Germany, Poland, Ukraine
Ukraine
and onto Russia
Russia
and Kazakhstan. (Within Poland
Poland
the E40 follows the A4 Highway. Other Polish cities located by the E40 highway are Wrocław, Katowice, Kraków
Kraków
and Korczowa. In recent years, communication has been improved by modernisation of the roads within the city. SCATS traffic system has been implemented. Highway A4 acts as a bypass of the city, running through the northern districts of Rzeszów. Airport[edit]

Rzeszów–Jasionka Airport

Rzeszów-Jasionka Airport
Rzeszów-Jasionka Airport
(Port Lotniczy Rzeszów-Jasionka) is located in the village of Jasionka 10 kilometres (6.2 miles) north of the city. As of June 2015 scheduled passenger services are offered by Ryanair, LOT Polish Airlines, and Lufthansa. This is supplemented seasonally by tourist charter flights to typical summer leisure destinations. For more details see Rzeszów-Jasionka Airport
Rzeszów-Jasionka Airport
or its Official website. Buses[edit] The city operates 49 bus lines including night and airport buses. Rzeszów
Rzeszów
is also a gateway to the Bieszczady mountains, with many buses heading for Sanok.[19] Railways[edit] Rzeszów
Rzeszów
is an important rail hub is on the main West-East rail route; Line 91. This runs from Silesia
Silesia
and Kraków, Kraków
Kraków
Main station ( Kraków
Kraków
Główny) – Medyka
Medyka
on the Polish eastern border. This line then continues on to Ukraine. Its main railway station was established in the 19th century and apart from it, there are five additional stations in the city: Rzeszów
Rzeszów
Staroniwa, Rzeszów
Rzeszów
Zwięczyca, Rzeszów
Rzeszów
Osiedle, Rzeszów
Rzeszów
Załęże and Rzeszów
Rzeszów
Zachodni (freight only). There are also two non-electrified lines stemming from Rzeszów – to Jasło
Jasło
and to Tarnobrzeg. Education[edit]

Rzeszów University
Rzeszów University
of Technology

Universities:

Rzeszów University
Rzeszów University
(established in 2001 from a number of smaller schools)[20] Rzeszów University of Technology
Rzeszów University of Technology
(formed from The Higher Engineering School in 1974) University of Information Technology and Management in Rzeszów (established in 1996) website

Branches in Dębica, Krosno
Krosno
and Nisko

Wyższa Szkoła Zarządzania website WSPiA Rzeszowska Szkoła Wyższa – Rzeszów
Rzeszów
(established in 1995) website

Notable high schools:

Konarski's Number 1 High School in Rzeszów John Paul II High School

International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Poland Twin towns – Sister cities[edit] Rzeszów
Rzeszów
is twinned with:[21]

Gainesville, Florida, United States[21] Buffalo, New York, United States[21][22][23] Košice, Slovakia
Slovakia
(since 1991)[21][24] Nyíregyháza, Hungary[21] Bielefeld, Germany[21] Klagenfurt, Austria[21] Lamia, Greece[21] Satu Mare, Romania[21][25] Lviv, Ukraine[21] Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine[21][26] Lutsk, Ukraine[21] Fangchenggang, China[21][27]

Gallery[edit]

The City Hall

The Diocesan Museum

The historic Market Square

Farny Square in Rzeszów

The PKO Bank Building

The Old Town Synagogue

The Music Institute

The Revolution Monument

Main Library

Multimedia fountain

Basilica of the Assumption

References[edit]

^ a b "Dane statystyczne urzędu miasta Rzeszowa" (in Polish). Retrieved 2018-01-17.  ^ Random House Dictionary ^ Cf. Pięć wieków miasta Rzeszowa XIV-XVIII, Collective of authors, Franciszek Błoński (pl) (ed.) on behalf of the Polskie Towarzystwo Historyczne, Rzeszów
Rzeszów
department, Warsaw: Państwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe, 1958, p. 18; and Władysław Makarski, Roczniki humanistyczne, Towarzystwo Naukowe Katolickiego Uniwersytetu Lubelskiego, 1983. T. 33, p. 70. During the German occupation 1939–1944 Rzeszów
Rzeszów
was given the artificial new name of Reichshof. ^ a b o.o., Stay Poland
Poland
Sp. z. "History of Rzeszow". Retrieved 28 April 2017.  ^ a b c Rzeszów
Rzeszów
excellent choice ^ News, Rzeszów
Rzeszów
(10 December 2015). "Raport o polskich metropoliach. Jak wypadł w nim Rzeszów?". Retrieved 28 April 2017.  ^ J. Motylkiewicz. "Ethnic Communities in the Towns of the Polish-Ukrainian Borderland in the Sixteenth, Seventeenth, and Eighteenth Centuries". C. M. Hann, P. R. Magocsi ed. Galicia: A Multicultured Land. University of Toronto Press. 2005. p. 37. ^ a b c "Rzeszow". jewishvirtuallibrary.org. Retrieved 5 February 2010.  ^ "Truppenübungsplatz Reichshof (Rzeszow) • Axis History Forum". Retrieved 28 April 2017.  ^ "Rzeszow Ghetto". Retrieved 28 April 2017.  ^ Stefan Krakowski (2013). "Rzeszow. Holocaust
Holocaust
Period". Encyclopaedia Judaica. Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved 8 July 2013. In September 1943 able-bodied Jews of Rzeszów
Rzeszów
were transported to Szebnia, where the majority met their death.  ^ "Rzeszow www.HolocaustResearchProject.org". Retrieved 28 April 2017.  ^ a b "Serwis informacyjny UM Rzeszów
Rzeszów
– History of Rzeszów". rzeszow.pl. Retrieved 5 February 2010. [dead link] ^ "EuroWEATHER – Maximum temperature, Rzeszow, Poland
Poland
– Climate averages". eurometeo.com. Retrieved 5 February 2010.  ^ "MSN Weather – Yearly, Monthly Temperature and Precipitation Averages and Records for Rzeszów, POL". weather.uk.msn.com. Retrieved 5 February 2010.  ^ A note attempting to provide the English comprehension of halny, which lacks a one-word translation: Halny
Halny
is a singular masculine noun in Polish (plural: halne) when denoting the wind. Wind is of masculine gender in Polish: wiatr. The terms halny and wiatr halny are synonymous. Halny
Halny
is also a general masculine adjective derived from the feminine noun hala, a grassy meadow typical of the higher elevations of the Carpathian Mountains
Carpathian Mountains
and the Alps. The feminine singular adjective is halna, while the neuter singular and the plural for all three genders of the adjective is halne. ^ "Polska? Tak!". the POLSKI blog. 13 September 2011. Retrieved 12 March 2013.  ^ "Business briefs". Archived from the original on 12 November 2010. Retrieved 10 November 2010.  ^ "PKS Rzeszów
Rzeszów
S.A." web.pks.rzeszow.pl. Retrieved 8 January 2010.  ^ "University of Rzeszów: News". www.univ.rzeszow.pl. Archived from the original on 9 February 2010. Retrieved 8 January 2010.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Serwis informacyjny UM Rzeszów
Rzeszów
– Informacja o współpracy Rzeszowa z miastami partnerskimi". www.rzeszow.pl. Archived from the original on 5 December 2012. Retrieved 2 February 2010.  ^ "History". Buffalo-Rzeszow Sister Cities, Inc. Archived from the original on 1 February 2009. Retrieved 24 December 2008.  ^ Sister Cities from Buffalo's website Archived 25 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Twin cities of the City of Kosice". Magistrát mesta Košice, Tr. Retrieved 27 July 2013.  ^ "Semnarea acordului de înfrăţire: Satu Mare- Rzeszow" (in Romanian). www.satu-mare.ro. Retrieved 27 June 2009.  ^ Офіційний сайт міста Івано-Франківська. mvk.if.ua (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 7 March 2010.  ^ " Fangchenggang
Fangchenggang
– nowe miasto partnerskie Rzeszowa" (in Polish). www.rzeszow.pl. Retrieved 8 November 2012. 

Bibliography[edit]

Jerzy Jawczak (1991). Rzeszów. Krajowa Agencja Wydawnicza. ISBN 978-83-03-02788-7. Retrieved 25 February 2010.  Malczewski, Jan (1995). Rakuś, Anna; Staszewski, Krzysztof; Malczewski, Jan, eds. 'Zamek w Rzeszowie, jego otoczenie i właściciele (in Polish). Rzeszów: Libri Ressovienses. ISBN 83-902021-5-8.  Moshe Yaari-Wald (ed.), Sefer Zikkaron li-Kehillat Risha (Heb., some Yid. and Eng., 1967).

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rzeszów.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Rzeszów.

Gallery Rzeszów
Rzeszów
City Department Welcome to Rzeszów! Gallery of Rzeszów

v t e

Principal cities of Poland

1,000,000+

Warsaw

750,000+

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500,000+

Łódź Wrocław Poznań

200,000+

Gdańsk Szczecin Bydgoszcz Lublin Katowice Białystok Gdynia Częstochowa Radom Sosnowiec Toruń Kielce

100,000+

Gliwice Rzeszów Zabrze Olsztyn Bytom Bielsko-Biała Ruda Śląska Rybnik Tychy Dąbrowa Górnicza Gorzów Wielkopolski Płock Elbląg Opole Wałbrzych Zielona Góra Włocławek Tarnów Chorzów Koszalin Kalisz Legnica

v t e

Counties of Podkarpackie Voivodeship

City counties

Rzeszów
Rzeszów
(capital) Krosno Przemyśl Tarnobrzeg

Land counties

Bieszczady Brzozów Dębica Jarosław Jasło Kolbuszowa Krosno Łańcut Lesko Leżajsk Lubaczów Mielec Nisko Przemyśl Przeworsk Ropczyce-Sędziszów Rzeszów Sanok Stalowa Wola Strzyżów Tarnobrzeg

v t e

Rzeszów
Rzeszów
County

Seat (not part of the county): Rzeszów

Urban gmina

Dynów

Urban-rural gminas

Gmina Błażowa Gmina Boguchwała Gmina Głogów Małopolski Gmina Sokołów Małopolski Gmina Tyczyn

Rural gminas

Gmina Chmielnik Gmina Dynów Gmina Hyżne Gmina Kamień Gmina Krasne Gmina Lubenia Gmina Świlcza Gmina Trzebownisko

Coordinates: 50°2′N 22°0′E / 50.033°N 22.000°E / 50.033; 22.000

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 237775

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