Ryder Cup is a biennial men's golf competition between teams from
Europe and the United States. The competition is contested every two
years with the venue alternating between courses in the United States
and Europe. The
Ryder Cup is named after the English businessman
Samuel Ryder who donated the trophy. The event is jointly administered
by the PGA of America and
Ryder Cup Europe, the latter a joint venture
of the PGA
European Tour (60%), the PGA of Great Britain and Ireland
(20%), and the PGA of
Originally contested between Great Britain and the United States, the
Ryder Cup took place in 1927 at Worcester Country Club,
in Massachusetts, US. The home team won the first five contests, but
with the competition's resumption after the Second World War, repeated
American dominance eventually led to a decision to extend the
representation of "Great Britain and Ireland" to include continental
Europe from 1979. The inclusion of continental European golfers was
partly prompted by the success of a new generation of Spanish golfers,
Seve Ballesteros and Antonio Garrido. In 1973 the official
title of the British Team had been changed from "Great Britain" to
"Great Britain and Ireland", but this was simply a change of name to
reflect the fact that golfers from the
Republic of Ireland
Republic of Ireland had been
playing in the Great Britain
Ryder Cup team since 1953, while Northern
Irish players had competed since 1947.
Europe has won ten times outright and retained the Cup
once in a tied match, with eight American wins over this period. In
addition to players from Great Britain and Ireland, the European team
has included players from Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy,
Spain and Sweden. The Ryder Cup, and its counterpart the Presidents
Cup, remain exceptions within the world of professional sports because
the players receive no prize money despite the contests being
high-profile events that bring in large amounts of money in television
and sponsorship revenue.
The current holders are the
United States who won in 2016 at Hazeltine
Golf Club in Chaska, Minnesota, by a score of 17 to 11. The
next contest will be on the Albatros Course at Le
Golf National in
Magny-les-Hameaux (27 km south-east of Paris), France, from 28 to
30 September 2018.
1 Founding of the Cup
1.1 Gleneagles 1921
1.2 Wentworth 1926
1.3 Worcester 1927
2 Inclusion of continental European golfers
4 Team qualification and selection
6 Preliminary events
7 Notable Ryder Cups
7.1 1969: Nicklaus vs Jacklin
7.2 1989: Azinger and Ballesteros
7.3 1991: "The War by the Shore"
7.4 1999: Battle of Brookline
7.5 2012: Miracle at Medinah
8.1 Cancellations and postponements
9 Future venues
9.1 Future European venues
9.1.1 Bidding for the 2022 Ryder Cup
12 Similar golf events
13 See also
14 Notes and references
15 External links
Founding of the Cup
Ryder Cup on display in 2008.
On September 27, 1920
Golf Illustrated wrote a letter to the
Professional Golfers' Association of America
Professional Golfers' Association of America with a suggestion that a
team of 12 to 20 American professionals be chosen to play in the 1921
British Open, to be financed by popular subscription. At that time
no American golfer had won the British Open. The idea was that of
James D. Harnett, who worked for the magazine. The PGA of America made
a positive reply and the idea was announced in the November 1920
issue. The fund was called the British
Open Championship Fund. By the
next spring the idea had been firmed-up. A team of 12 would be
chosen, who would sail in time to play in a warm-up tournament at
Gleneagles (the Glasgow Herald 1000 Guinea Tournament) prior to the
British Open at St. Andrews, two weeks later. The team of 12 was
chosen by PGA President George Sargent and PGA Secretary Alec Pirie,
with the assistance of
USGA Vice-President Robert Gardner. A team
of 11 sailed from New York on the RMS Aquitania on May 24, 1921
together with James Harnett, Harry Hampton deciding at the last minute
that he could not travel.
The idea for a 12-a-side International Match between the American and
Great Britain professionals was reported in The Times on May 17, with
James Douglas Edgar being reported as the probable 12th player.
Edgar was already in the United Kingdom. The match would be played at
Gleneagles on Monday June 6, the day before the start of the 1000
Guinea Tournament. With
Jim Barnes indisposed, the match eventually
became a 10-a-side contest, Edgar not being required for the American
team. The match consisted of 5 foursomes in the morning and 10 singles
in the afternoon, played on the King's Course. The match was won by
Great Britain by 9 matches to 3, 3 matches being halved.
The British team was: George Duncan (captain), James Braid, Arthur
Havers, Abe Mitchell, James Ockenden, Ted Ray, James Sherlock, J.H.
Taylor, Josh Taylor, and Harry Vardon. The American team was: Emmet
French (captain), Clarence Hackney, Walter Hagen, Charles Hoffner,
Jock Hutchison, Tom Kerrigan, George McLean, Fred McLeod, Bill Melhorn
and Wilfrid Reid. Gold medals were presented by the Duchess of Atholl
to each member of the teams at the conclusion of the Glasgow Herald
tournament on Saturday afternoon. The medals "had on one side crossed
flags, The Union Jack and Stars and Stripes surmounted by the
inscription "For Britain" or "For America" as the case may be" and on
the other side "America v Britain. First international golf match at
"The Glasgow Herald" tournament, Gleneagles, June 6, 1921"
Glasgow Herald Tournament most of the American team
St Andrews to practice for the British Open, for which
qualifying began on June 20. However,
Walter Hagen and Jock Hutchison
played in a tournament at
Kinghorn on June 14 and 15. Hagen had a poor
first round and didn't turn up for the second day. Hutchison scored 74
and 64 and took the £50 first prize. At St Andrews, Hutchison led
the qualifying and then won the Open itself. So, despite losing the
International Match, the American team achieved its main objective,
winning the British Open.
A match between American and British amateur golfers was played at
Hoylake in 1921, immediately before The Amateur Championship. This
match was followed by the creation of the Walker Cup, which was first
played in 1922. However the 1921 Gleneagles match did not
immediately lead to a corresponding match between the professionals.
It was common at this time for a small number of professionals to
travel to compete in each other's national championship. In 1926, a
larger than usual contingent of American professionals were travelling
to Britain to compete in the Open Championship, two weeks before their
own Championship. In February it was announced that
Walter Hagen would
select a team of four American professionals (including himself) to
play four British professionals in a match before the Open
Championship. The match would be a stroke play competition with
each playing the four opposing golfers over 18 holes. In mid-April
it was announced that "A golf enthusiast, who name has not yet been
made public" was ready to donate a cup for an annual competition.
Later in April it was announced that
Samuel Ryder would be presenting
a trophy "for annual competition between British and American
professionals." with the first match to be played on June 4 and 5 "but
the details are not yet decided", and then in May it was announced
that the match would be a match-play competition, 8-a-side, foursomes
on the first day, singles on the second. Eventually, at Hagen's
request, 10 players competed for each team.
Samuel Ryder (together
with his brother James) had sponsored a number of British professional
events starting in 1923.
The match resulted in 13–1 victory for the British team (1 match was
halved). The American point was won by
Bill Mehlhorn with Emmet French
being all square. Medals were presented to the players by the American
ambassador Alanson B. Houghton.
The match was widely reported as being for the "Ryder Cup". However
Golf Illustrated for June 11 states that because of uncertainty
following the general strike in May, which led to uncertainty about
how many Americans would be visiting Britain,
Samuel Ryder had decided
to withhold the cup for a year. It has also been suggested that
Walter Hagen chose the American team rather than the American
PGA, that only those Americans who had travelled to Britain to play in
the Open were available for selection and that it contained a number
of players born outside the United States, also contributed to the
feeling that the match ought to be regarded as unofficial. In
addition the Americans "had only just landed in England and were not
yet in full practice."
The British team was: Ted Ray (Captain), Aubrey Boomer, Archie
Compston, George Duncan, George Gadd, Arthur Havers, Herbert Jolly,
Fred Robson and Ernest Whitcombe. The American team was:
Walter Hagen (Captain), Tommy Armour, Jim Barnes, Emmet French, Joe
Kirkwood, Fred McLeod, Bill Mehlhorn, Joe Stein,
Cyril Walker and Al
Watrous. While all ten of the British players subsequently played in
Ryder Cup only three of the Americans did (Hagen, Mehlhorn and
Watrous). Armour, Barnes, Kirkwood, McLeod and Walker were excluded by
the policy of requiring players to be born in the USA while French and
Stein were never selected.
Main article: 1927 Ryder Cup
The 1927 competition was organized on a much more formal basis. A
Ryder Cup "Deed of Trust" was drawn up formalising the rules of the
contest, while each of the PGA organisations had a selection process.
Golf Illustrated launched a fund to raise £3,000 to fund
professional golfers to play in the U.S. Open and the Ryder Cup. Ryder
contributed £100 and, when the fund closed with a shortfall of £300,
he made up the outstanding balance himself. Although not in the rules
at that time, the American PGA restricted their team to those born in
the United States.
In early 1928 it became clear that an annual contest was not practical
and so it was decided that the second contest should be in 1929 and
then every two years thereafter.
For the 1929 UK contest at Moortown GC, Leeds, the American PGA again
restricted their team to those born in the USA but in late 1929 the
Deed of Trust was revised requiring all players to be born in and
resident in their respective countries, as well as being members of
their respective Professional Golfers' Association.
Inclusion of continental European golfers
The most significant change to the
Ryder Cup has been the inclusion of
continental European golfers since 1979. Up until 1977, the matches
featured teams representing the
United States and Great Britain and
Ireland. From 1979 players from continental
Europe have been eligible
to join what is now known as Team Europe. The change to include
continental Europeans arose from discussion in 1977 between Jack
Nicklaus and Edward Stanley, 18th Earl of Derby, who was serving as
the President of the Professional Golfers' Association; it was
suggested by Nicklaus as a means to make the matches more competitive,
since the Americans almost always won, often by lopsided margins.
The change worked, as the contests immediately became much more
competitive, with talented young Europeans such as Seve Ballesteros
Bernhard Langer bolstering the European side. The present-day
popularity of the Ryder Cup, which now generates enormous media
attention, can be said to date from that change in eligibility.
Ryder Cup involves various match play competitions between players
selected from two teams of twelve. It takes place from a Friday to a
Sunday with a total of 28 matches being played, all matches being over
18 holes. On Friday and Saturday there are four fourball matches and
four foursomes matches each day; a session of four matches in the
morning and a session of four matches in the afternoon. On Sunday,
there are 12 singles matches, when all team members play. Not all
players must play on Friday and Saturday; the captain can select any
eight players for each of the sessions over these two days.
The winner of each match scores a point for his team, with half a
point each for any match that is tied after the 18 holes. The winning
team is determined by cumulative total points. In the event of a tie
(14 points each) the
Ryder Cup is retained by the team who held it
before the contest.
A foursomes match is a competition between two teams of two golfers.
On a particular hole the golfers on the same team take alternate shots
playing the same ball. One team member tees off on all the
odd-numbered holes, and the other on all the even-numbered holes. Each
hole is won by the team that completes the hole in the fewest shots. A
fourball match is also a competition between two teams of two golfers,
but all four golfers play their own ball throughout the round rather
than alternating shots. The better score of the two golfers in a team
determines the team's score on a particular hole; the score of the
other member of the team is not counted. Each hole is won by the team
whose individual golfer has the lowest score. A singles match is a
standard match play competition between two golfers.
The format of the
Ryder Cup has changed over the years. From the
inaugural event until 1959, the
Ryder Cup was a two-day competition
with 36-hole matches. In 1961 the matches were changed to 18 holes
each and the number of matches doubled. In 1963 the event was expanded
to three days, with fourball matches being played for the first time.
This format remained until 1977, when the number of matches was
reduced to 20, but, in 1979, the first year continental European
players participated, the format was changed to the 28-match version
in use today, with 8 foursomes/four-ball matches on the first two days
and 12 singles matches on the last day. Because of weather
disruption the format of the 2010 contest was altered and it was
extended to a fourth day.
4 36-hole foursomes
8 36-hole singles
The team size was increased from 10 to 12 in 1969.
There were two singles sessions (morning and afternoon) in 1979, but
no player played in both sessions.
Since 1979, there have been 4 foursomes and 4 fourballs on each of the
first two days. Currently the home captain decides before the contest
starts whether the fourball or foursomes matches are played in the
morning. He may choose a different order for the two days.
Since 1979, a player can play a maximum of 5 matches (2 foursomes, 2
fourballs and a singles match), however from 1963 to 1975 it was
possible to play 6 matches (2 foursomes, 2 fourballs and 2 singles
Team qualification and selection
The selection process for the
Ryder Cup players has varied over the
years. In the early contests the teams were generally decided by a
selection committee but later qualification based on performances was
introduced. The current system by which most of the team is determined
by performances with a small number of players selected by the captain
(known as "wild cards" or "captain's picks") gradually evolved and has
been used by both sides since 1989.
2014 Ryder Cup
2014 Ryder Cup both teams had 9 players qualifying based on
performances with the remaining 3 players selected by the captain. For
those players gaining automatic qualification the Europeans used a
system, introduced in 2004, using two tables; one using prize money
won in official
European Tour events and a second based on World
Ranking points gained anywhere in the world. Both tables used a
12-month qualifying period finishing at the end of August. The
American system, introduced in 2008, was based on prize money earned
PGA Tour events during the current season and prize money
earned in the major championships in the previous season. The
qualifying period ended after the PGA Championship.
2016 Ryder Cup
2016 Ryder Cup there were a number of changes from 2014 in the
American system. The number of captain's picks was increased from
three to four with the selections being made later than previously,
especially moving the fourth and last pick to less than a week before
the Ryder Cup, right after the completion of the Tour Championship.
The qualifying events now included both the 2015 World Golf
Championships events and The Players Championship, on top of the four
major championships, but only included 2016
PGA Tour events actually
played in 2016, thus excluded any other event played in 2015. The
qualifying period was also extended because the Olympic Games had
moved the timeslot for the 2016
PGA Championship which took place
already at the end of July.
The captains have always selected the players and chosen the playing
order in each group of matches. When the contest involved 36-hole
matches, it was usual for the captain to be one of the players. The
USA only had two non-playing captains in this period:
Walter Hagen in
Ben Hogan in 1949 while Great Britain had non-playing
captains in 1933, 1949, 1951 and 1953. With the change to 18-hole
matches and the extension to three days, it became more difficult to
combine the roles of captain and player and
Arnold Palmer in 1963 was
the last playing captain. The captains have always been professional
golfers and the only captain who never played in the
Ryder Cup was
J.H. Taylor, the 1933 British captain.
An opening ceremony takes place on the afternoon before play begins.
Since 2012, the
Ryder Cup has featured a celebrity match. Celebrities
were paired with former
Ryder Cup captains in 2012 and 2014. In 2016,
only celebrities competed. Participants have included sportspeople
Michael Phelps, Scottie Pippen, Martina Navratilova, Alessandro Del
Piero and Andriy Shevchenko, and actors
Bill Murray and Justin
Notable Ryder Cups
1969: Nicklaus vs Jacklin
Main article: 1969 Ryder Cup
Tony Jacklin's golf ball used in the
1969 Ryder Cup
1969 Ryder Cup held at Royal
The 1969 Cup held at Royal Birkdale was perhaps one of the best and
most competitive contests in terms of play (18 of the 32 matches went
to the last green). It was decided in its very last match, of which
United States Captain
Sam Snead later said "This is the greatest golf
match you have ever seen in England".
United States and Great Britain tied at 15 1⁄2
Jack Nicklaus led
Tony Jacklin by the score of 1 up as they
played the 17th hole. Jacklin made a 35-foot eagle putt and when
Nicklaus missed his own eagle try from 12 feet, the match was all
At the par-5 finishing hole, both Jacklin and Nicklaus got on the
green in two. Nicklaus ran his eagle putt five feet past the hole,
while Jacklin left his two-foot short. Nicklaus then sank his birdie
putt, and with a crowd of 8,000 people watching, picked up Jacklin's
marker, conceding the putt Jacklin needed to tie the matches. With the
United States team already holding the cup, the tie allowed it to
retain the cup. "I don't think you would have missed that
putt", Nicklaus said to Jacklin afterwards, "but in these
circumstances I would never give you the opportunity."
This gesture of sportsmanship by Nicklaus caused controversy on the
American side, some of whom would have preferred to force Jacklin to
attempt the putt for the small chance that he might miss, which would
have given the
United States team an outright win. "All the boys
thought it was ridiculous to give him that putt", said Sam Snead. "We
went over there to win, not to be good ol' boys."
1989: Azinger and Ballesteros
Main article: 1989 Ryder Cup
The Belfry in England, the
1989 Ryder Cup
1989 Ryder Cup saw the rising of
tensions in the series. After holding the cup for more than two
United States team lost both the 1985 and 1987 matches.
At the 1989 matches, the pressure was on the
United States team and
its captain, Raymond Floyd. At a pre-match opening celebration, Floyd
slighted the European team by introducing his
United States team as
"the 12 greatest players in the world."
The competition saw the beginnings of a feud between Seve Ballesteros
and Paul Azinger. Early in their singles match, Ballesteros sought to
change a scuffed ball for a new ball under Rule of
Somewhat unusually, Azinger disputed whether the ball was unfit for
play. A referee was called, and sided with Azinger in ruling the ball
fit for play. Ballesteros reportedly said to Azinger, "Is this the way
you want to play today?" The match continued in a contentious fashion,
culminating in Ballesteros unusually contesting whether Azinger took a
proper drop after hitting into the water on the 18th hole.
The American team's frustration grew as the matches ended in a tie,
with the European team retaining the cup.
1991: "The War by the Shore"
Main article: 1991 Ryder Cup
The overall tension between the teams and the feud between Ballesteros
and Azinger escalated at the Kiawah Island
Golf Resort in 1991. At the
ceremonial opening dinner, the PGA of America played two videos that
were seen as less than hospitable by the European team. The first
video was presented as a highlight reel of past Ryder Cups, but
reportedly showed only Americans. The second video was a welcoming
address by then-
United States President
George H. W. Bush
George H. W. Bush in which he
closed by cheering on the American side.
On the first morning of the competition, Azinger and
Chip Beck were
paired against Ballesteros and
José María Olazábal
José María Olazábal in a foursome
match, an alternate shot event. Azinger and Beck accused Ballesteros
of gamesmanship on account of his throat clearing during Beck's shots.
Later in the same match, Azinger and Beck, who were playing the same
brand and make of ball but each with a slightly different model,
switched their balls. While this switching was unlikely to have
resulted in an advantage or to have been intentional, it was in
violation of the "one ball rule" which was in effect for the
competition. Under that rule, a player is prohibited from changing the
type of ball he uses during the course of a match. A few holes after
the switch had occurred, Ballesteros called the Americans for the
violation. Azinger, seeming to feel that his integrity was being
questioned, said "I can tell you we're not trying to cheat."
Ballesteros responded, "Oh no. Breaking the rules and cheating are two
different things." As the violation was called too long after it had
occurred, no penalty was assessed against the American pair. The
constant goading between Ballesteros and Azinger intensified their
respective desires to win. Out of that intensity, they and their
playing partners produced what may be regarded as one of the best
pairs matches in history, with the Spaniards winning 2 & 1. After
the matches concluded, Ballesteros reportedly said, "The American team
has 11 nice guys. And Paul Azinger."
The 1991 matches received the sobriquet "the War on the Shore" after
some excitable advertising in the American media, and intense
home-team cheering by the American home crowds. For his part, Corey
Pavin caused controversy by sporting a
Desert Storm baseball cap
during the event in support of the U.S. and coalition war effort in
The matches culminated in one of the single most dramatic putts in the
history of golf. With only one match remaining to be completed,
between Hale Irwin for the
United States and
Bernhard Langer for the
United States team led by one point. Irwin and Langer
came to the last hole tied. To win the cup, the American team needed
Irwin to win or tie the match by winning or tying the hole. The
Europeans could keep the cup with a win by Langer. Both players
struggled on the hole, and found themselves facing a pair of putts;
Langer had a six-foot, side-hill par putt, and Irwin had a generally
uphill, 18-inch putt for bogey. To the surprise of his teammates,
Langer conceded Irwin's bogey putt, leaving himself in a must-make
position. Langer missed his putt, the match was halved, and the U.S.
team took back the cup.
Players on both sides were driven to public tears by the pressure of
the matches on the final day. The intense competition of the 1991
Ryder Cup is widely regarded as having elevated public interest in the
1999: Battle of Brookline
Main article: 1999 Ryder Cup
1999 Ryder Cup
1999 Ryder Cup held at
The Country Club
The Country Club in Brookline,
Massachusetts, caused great controversy. A remarkable comeback by the
American team helped propel the U.S. to a 14½–13½ victory after
trailing 10–6 heading into the final day. The U.S. defeated Europe
8½-3½ in the singles matches to seal the first American victory
The competition turned on the 17th hole of a match between American
Justin Leonard and Spaniard José María Olazábal. With the match all
square at the 17th hole, Leonard needed to earn at least a half-point
by either winning one of the last two holes (therefore earning a full
point), or finishing the match at all square (therefore earning a
half-point) to seal an American victory. After Olazábal's second shot
left him with a 22-foot putt on the par-4, Leonard hit his shot within
10 feet of the hole and then watched it roll away from the cup,
leaving him with a 45-foot putt for birdie. Leonard had made putts of
25 and 35 feet earlier in the round. Leonard holed the astounding
putt, and a wild celebration ensued with other U.S. players, their
wives, and a few fans running onto the green. Had Leonard's putt
sealed the match, this type of behavior would have been inappropriate
but moot. Knowing that a made putt would extend the match while a miss
would assure Leonard of a half-point and the U.S. a victory (the
Americans needed 14 1⁄2 points to gain the cup due to the
Europeans' 1997 victory at Valderrama), Olazábal tried to regain his
focus. However, he missed the difficult putt, and the American team
celebrated once again (although the second celebration was more
reserved than the first one).
According to the "Best of the Rest" section of ESPN's Top 5 Reasons
You Can't Blame program,
NBC television footage and press photos prove
that no official rules (
Ryder Cup or PGA) were broken when the
Americans celebrated after Leonard's putt (i.e., no one walked in or
crossed Olazábal's putting line – although
Europe player Sam
Torrance has said in TV interviews that a TV cameraman stood on
Olazábal's line while filming the invasion of the green by players
and spectators). However, there remain a number of unwritten rules and
codes of conduct which the European players believe were being
ignored. Many of the American players believed the Europeans' response
was hypocritical; they argued that European players – in particular
Seve Ballesteros – had been guilty of excessive celebration and
gamesmanship as far back as the
1985 Ryder Cup
1985 Ryder Cup Matches, without
attracting the same opprobrium from the European media. There was
still considerable bad blood after the match, with some of the
European players complaining about the behavior of the American
galleries throughout the match.
Sam Torrance branded it "disgusting",
while European captain Mark James referred to it as a "bear pit" in a
book recounting the event. There were also reports that a
spectator spat at James' wife.
Following the 1999 Ryder Cup, many members of the U.S. team apologized
for their behavior, and there were numerous attempts by both teams to
calm the increasing nationalism of the event. These efforts appear to
have been largely successful, with subsequent Cups being played in the
"spirit of the game".
2012: Miracle at Medinah
Main article: 2012 Ryder Cup
The 39th Ryder Cup, held at the
Medinah Country Club
Medinah Country Club in Medinah,
Illinois, saw an extraordinary collapse by the Americans. Under
José María Olazábal
José María Olazábal of Spain; the Europeans were down
10–4 after 14 matches, with two four-ball matches still on the
course and 12 singles matches to be played the next day. Despite being
down 10–6 going into the final day
Europe came back to win by
14 1⁄2 points to 13 1⁄2. Out of the 12 points
up for grabs on the final day
Europe won 8 1⁄2 points with
the U.S. winning only 3 1⁄2 points.
Martin Kaymer struck the putt (a putt almost identical in length that
Bernhard Langer missed at the 1991 Ryder Cup) that
retained the cup for Europe.
Francesco Molinari secured the final
half-point to win the
Ryder Cup outright by winning the 18th hole to
halve his match against Tiger Woods.
Ian Poulter of the European team
Ryder Cup with a perfect 4–0 record.
Main article: List of
Ryder Cup matches
Cancellations and postponements
1939 Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup was planned for November 18–19 at Ponte Vedra
Country Club in Jacksonville, Florida;
Walter Hagen was chosen as
non-playing captain of the U.S. team. The competition was cancelled
shortly after the outbreak of
World War II
World War II in
Europe in September.
In early April 1939, the British P.G.A. chose a selection committee of
six and selected Henry Cotton as captain. In August, eight players
were named in the team: Cotton, Jimmy Adams, Dick Burton, Sam King,
Alf Padgham, Dai Rees,
Charles Whitcombe and Reg Whitcombe.
Charles Whitcombe immediately withdrew from the team, not wishing
to travel to the United States. With seven selected, three places were
left to be filled. War was declared on 3 September and the British
P.G.A. immediately cancelled the match: "The P.G.A. announce that the
Ryder Cup match for this year has been cancelled by the state of war
prevailing in this country. The P.G.A. of the
United States is being
1941, 1943 and 1945 Ryder Cups
Ryder Cup was not played in these scheduled years due to the war;
by the fall of 1945, many members of the British team were still in
the military. After a decade-long absence, it resumed in November
1947 at the Portland
Golf Club in Portland, Oregon.
2001 Ryder Cup
Main article: 2002 Ryder Cup
The competition, scheduled for 28–30 September at The Belfry's
Brabazon Course, was postponed a year because of the September 11
terrorist attacks. "The PGA of America has informed the European Ryder
Cup Board that the scope of the last Tuesday's tragedy is so
overwhelming that it would not be possible for the
United States Ryder
Cup team and officials to attend the match this month." The
Phil Mickelson and
Mark Calcavecchia had earlier announced
that the two players would not travel to Europe. Other American
players were said to be concerned about attending the event. It was
played in 2002 at the original venue with the same teams that had been
selected to play a year earlier. The display boards at The Belfry
still read "The 2001 Ryder Cup", and U.S. captain Curtis Strange
deliberately referred to his team as "The 2001
Ryder Cup Team" in his
speech at the closing ceremony.
It was later decided to hold the subsequent
Ryder Cup in 2004 (rather
than 2003) and thereafter in even-numbered years. This change also
affected the men's
Presidents Cup and
Seve Trophy and women's Solheim
Cup competitions, as each switched from even to odd years.
Great Britain & Ireland
Although the team was referred to as "Great Britain" up to 1971, a
number of golfers from the Republic of Ireland, Northern Ireland,
Jersey had played for Great Britain before that date. In
1973 the official team name was changed to "Great Britain and
Ireland", but this was simply a change of name to reflect the fact
that golfers from the
Republic of Ireland
Republic of Ireland had played in the "Great
Ryder Cup team since Harry Bradshaw in 1953, while Northern
Irish players had competed since Fred Daly in 1947.
The team in place of the original "Great Britain" team has been
referred to as "Europe" since 1979, when players from continental
Europe were included. Since then, the "United States" team has won 8
matches and the "Europe" team has won 10 matches, while retaining the
Ryder Cup once with a tie.
Golf National, Albatros Course (Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines,
2020 Whistling Straits, Straits Course (Haven, Wisconsin)
2022 Marco Simone
Golf and Country Club (Guidonia Montecelio, Rome,
2024 Bethpage State Park, Black Course (Farmingdale, New York)
Hazeltine National Golf Club
Hazeltine National Golf Club (Chaska, Minnesota)
2032 The Olympic Club, Lake Course (San Francisco, California)
Future European venues
In 2001 the PGA
European Tour decided to put out the
Ryder Cup hosting
rights from 2018 through 2030 to a competitive bid process throughout
Main article: 2018 Ryder Cup
Bidding for the 2022 Ryder Cup
The bidding process for the 2022
Ryder Cup opened on 23 June 2014.
Interested countries had until 31 August to formally express an
interest in bidding. These expressions had to come either from a
central government or a national golf governing body. On 5
September, seven nations had expressed an interest in hosting. Formal
bids were to be submitted by 16 February 2015, with the host to be
selected that autumn. In November 2014 it was announced that
Denmark had withdrawn from the bidding process leaving six remaining
countries. The date for submissions of the formal bids was extended to
30 April 2015.
7 nations originally expressed interest in bidding. However Ryder
Europe only received 4 bids when bidding closed on 30 April
On 14 December 2015, Rome was announced as the host of 2022 Ryder Cup.
Italy beat Germany, Austria and Spain to win the bid for 44th edition
of Ryder Cup.
Winning bid is marked in bold
Bids submitted in time are marked in green
Cancelled/withdrawn bids are marked in red
Golf Club Fontana
Golf Club Fontana, Oberwaltersdorf. Fontana was chosen by the Austrian
Golf Federation ÖGV on 28 January 2015 against the other bidder Golf
Club Zillertal, Uderns
withdrew on 13 November 2014
Denmark withdrew its bid on 13 November 2014
Golf Club Bad Saarow
Golf Club Bad Saarow at
Scharmuetzelsee near Berlin was chosen by
RC Deutschland, the German
Golf Federation's bid team, on 25 March
2015 against the other bidder
Golf Club Groß Kienitz, also near
Berlin. Other interested venues were considered earlier,
however Gut Kaden near
Hamburg never bid officially and
Munich withdrew its bid on 9 December 2014
Guidonia Montecelio, Rome
Golf and Country Club
Italy will bid to hold the 2022
Ryder Cup at Marco Simone club just
withdrew on 15 April 2015
Portugal was among the nations that expressed interest to host the
2022 Ryder Cup. However the Portuguese
Golf Federation has
Europe on 15 April 2015 "that the prevailing
economic environment would prevent us from developing as strong a bid
as we would wish and have therefore decided to wait for a future
Caldes de Malavella
PGA Catalunya Resort
Real Federación Española de Golf, in partnership with Generalitat de
Catalunya and other public Spanish and Catalan stakeholders, have
announced their intention on 24 November 2014 to bid to bring the 2022
Ryder Cup to Catalunya, PGA Catalunya Resort in Caldes de
withdrew on 16 March 2015
Turkey originally intended to build a new venue. However Turkey
withdrew its bid on 16 March 2015 because it required up to 15,000
trees to be cut down to accommodate grandstands at its chosen
Main article: List of
Ryder Cup broadcasters
Ryder Cup matches were always covered by the BBC, whether in
Britain or in the United States, even prior to the British team's
merger with Europe. In the 1990s,
Sky Sports became heavily involved
in the Ryder Cup, and has since taken over live coverage, including
creating a channel specifically dedicated for the 2014 and 2016
BBC still screens edited highlights each night.
In the United States, the
Ryder Cup was first televised live at
the 1983 matches in Florida, with ABC Sports covering just the final
four holes of the singles matches. A highlight package of the 1985
singles matches was produced by ESPN, but no live coverage aired from
England. In 1987, with the matches back in the United States, ABC
covered both weekend days, but only in the late afternoon.
In 1989, USA Network began a long association with the Ryder Cup, by
televising all three days live from England, the first live coverage
Ryder Cup from Europe. This led to a one-year deal for the 1991
matches in South Carolina to be carried by NBC live on the
weekend, with USA Network continuing to provide live coverage of the
first day. All five sessions were broadcast for the first time. The
success of the 1991 matches led to a contract extension with USA and
NBC through 1997, marking a turning point in the competition's
popularity. For the European matches, the first two days were taped
and aired on delay in the U.S. Another extension with USA and NBC
covering the 1999–2003 (later moved to 2004) competitions increased
the number of hours of coverage to include the entire first day and
most of the second day. Tape delay was still employed for competitions
The Ryder Cup's increased success led to a landmark contract with NBC
(which had recently bought USA Network) to air the 2006–14
competitions on USA and NBC. It called for a record increase in
coverage hours, with the second day now having near-complete coverage.
Tape delay was last used for the 2006 event in Ireland. In 2006, ESPN
was sub-licensed rights to Friday coverage, as part of a larger
NBC and Disney that also resulted in ABC Sports
Al Michaels moving to
NBC to join their then-upcoming
Sunday-night NFL games, ESPN gaining expanded access to highlights
from events whose rights are owned by NBC, and Disney acquiring the
rights to the cartoon character
Oswald the Lucky Rabbit
Oswald the Lucky Rabbit (who was
Walt Disney in 1927 for a series of animated shorts
distributed by Universal Pictures).
NBC reached a deal to extend its rights to the
Ryder Cup and
PGA Championship through 2030, with Friday coverage of the
Ryder Cup being assumed by
Main article: List of
Ryder Cup records
List of American Ryder Cup golfers and List of European
Ryder Cup golfers
Most appearances on a team: 11
Nick Faldo (Eur/GB&I), 1977–97
Phil Mickelson (USA), 1995–2016
Most points: 25
Nick Faldo (Eur/GB&I) (23–19–4 record)
Most singles points won: 7
Colin Montgomerie (Eur) (6–0–2 record)
Billy Casper (USA) (6–2–2 record)
Lee Trevino (USA) (6–2–2 record)
Arnold Palmer (USA) (6–3–2 record)
Neil Coles (GB&I) (5–6–4 record)
Most foursome points won: 11 1⁄2
Bernhard Langer (Eur) (11–6–1 record)
Most fourball points won: 10 1⁄2
Ian Woosnam (Eur) (10–3–1 record)
José María Olazábal
José María Olazábal (Eur) (9–2–3 record)
Most points won by a pairing: 12
Seve Ballesteros and
José María Olazábal
José María Olazábal (Eur) (11–2–2
Top point percentage (minimum of 3
Ryder Cup matches)
Jimmy Demaret (USA) (6–0–0) 7002100000000000000♠100.0%
° Jack Burke (USA) (7–1–0) 7001875000000000000♠87.5%
Horton Smith (USA) (3–0–1) 7001875000000000000♠87.5%
Walter Hagen (USA) (7–1–1) 7001833000000000000♠83.3%
J.C. Snead (USA) (9–2–0) 7001818000000000000♠81.8%
Sam Snead (USA) (10–2–1) 7001808000000000000♠80.8%
Most points in a single contest: 5
Tony Lema (USA) (5–1–0) 1965
Peter Alliss (GB&I) (5–1–0) 1965
Gardner Dickinson (USA) (5–0–0) 1967
Arnold Palmer (USA) (5–0–0) 1967
Tony Jacklin (GB&I) (4–0–2) 1969
Jack Nicklaus (USA) (5–1–0) 1971
Larry Nelson (USA) (5–0–0) 1979
Youngest player: 19 years, 258 days
Sergio García (Eur) 1999
Oldest player: 51 years, 20 days
Raymond Floyd (USA) 1993
Similar golf events
Presidents Cup is similar to the Ryder Cup, except that the
competing sides are a U.S. side and an International side from the
rest of the world consisting of players who are ineligible for the
Ryder Cup. It is held in years when there is no Ryder Cup.
Other team golf events between U.S. and either
Europe or Great Britain
and Ireland include:
Solheim Cup — The women's equivalent of the Ryder Cup, featuring the
same U.S. against
Walker Cup — Event for amateur men between a U.S. side and a team
drawn from Great Britain and Ireland.
Curtis Cup — Women's amateur event analogous to the Walker Cup.
PGA Cup — A match between U.S. and Great Britain and Ireland club
Arnold Palmer Cup — A match, named after Arnold Palmer, between U.S.
and European college/university golfers.
Junior Ryder Cup
Junior Ryder Cup — A match between U.S. and European juniors
involving both boys and girls.
Solheim Cup — A match between U.S. and European junior girls.
List of American
Ryder Cup golfers
List of European
Ryder Cup golfers
List of sports competitions between teams representing continents
Notes and references
^ Harig, Bob (23 September 2014). "At Ryder Cup, follow the money".
ESPN.com. Retrieved 24 September 2014. According to [
Ryder Cup Europe
director Richard] Hills, the
European Tour controls 60 percent of the
event [in Europe], with the PGA of Great Britain and the PGA of Europe
each holding 20 percent.
^ "OK, so what's it worth?". golftoday.co.uk. Retrieved
^ "U.S. Professionals to Seek British Title" (PDF).
27. November 1920. Retrieved 6 August 2013.
^ "Month at a Glance" (PDF).
Golf Illustrated: 32. March 1921.
Retrieved 6 August 2013.
^ "Month at a Glance" (PDF).
Golf Illustrated: 32. May 1921. Retrieved
6 August 2013.
Golf Stars Leave for British Links". The New York Times. May 25,
1921. Retrieved 6 August 2013.
^ "The American Professionals". The Times. May 17, 1921.
^ "Gleneagles – International Golf". The Glasgow Herald. June 7,
1921. Retrieved 6 August 2013.
^ "Mitchell's Win – "The Glasgow Herald" tournament". The Glasgow
Herald. June 13, 1921. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
Kinghorn tournament – Hutchison's easy win". The Glasgow
Herald. 16 June 1921. p. 11.
^ "History of the
Walker Cup match". 2013 Walker Cup. 2013. Retrieved
August 9, 2013.
^ "Professional International Match". The Times. February 20, 1926.
^ a b c d e Fry, Peter (July 2000). Samuel Ryder: The Man Behind the
Ryder Cup. Wright Press. ISBN 978-0-9539087-0-7.
^ "Cup Offered for
Golf Match Between U.S. and British Pros". The New
York Times. April 17, 1926.
^ "The "Ryder" Trophy". The Times. April 26, 1926. p. 6.
^ "Professional International Match". The Times. May 18, 1926.
^ "The "Ryder" Cup – To-day's International Match". The Times. June
4, 1926. p. 6.
^ "The Ryder Cup". The Times. April 6, 1927. p. 7.
^ "The History of the Ryder Cup". Ryder Cup. Retrieved 24 September
^ Dimond, Alex (18 April 2012). "Rules ravage Pettersson's Ryder bid
– for both teams". Out of Bounds. ESPN (UK). Retrieved 24 September
^ Prior to the 2002 Ryder Cup, the PGA of America changed its
eligibility rules, extending eligibility for Team USA to all
individuals born with U.S. citizenship, plus those who acquired U.S.
citizenship before age 18.
^ Jack Nicklaus: My Story, by
Jack Nicklaus with Ken Bowden, 2002.
Ryder Cup Match History". Retrieved 2007-03-24.
^ "PGA Media Guide 2012 – How The
Ryder Cup Teams Have Been Chosen"
(PDF). PGA. pp. 21–22. Retrieved 23 July 2012.
^ "Yanks' Great
Golf Good For Tie". St. Petersburg Times. Florida.
Associated Press. 22 September 1969. p. 4-C.
^ Jacobs, Raymond (22 September 1969). "
Ryder Cup Climax Of
Breath-Taking Excitement". The Glasgow Herald. p. 4.
^ Brown, Gwilym S. (29 September 1969). "A tie may be like kissing
your sister..." Sports Illustrated.
^ Into the Bear Pit: The Hard-hitting Inside Story of the Brookline
Ryder Cup, ISBN 1-85227-854-4
^ CNN report 'A Mob demonstration'
Ryder Cup 2012:
Europe beat USA after record comeback". BBC. 30
September 2012. Retrieved 30 September 2012.
^ "The Ryder Cup". The Times (48272). 5 April 1939. p. 6, column
Ryder Cup Team". The Times (48390). 22 August 1939. p. 6,
^ "C Whitcombe out of
Ryder Cup Team". The Times (48391). 23 August
1939. p. 6, column B.
Ryder Cup Match Cancelled". The Times (48402). 5 September 1939.
p. 3, column C.
^ "Britain postpones
Ryder Cup tourney". Spokane Daily Chronicle.
Washington, U.S. Associated Press. September 4, 1939.
Ryder Cup golf still in doubt". Spokane Daily Chronicle.
Washington, U.S. Associated Press. November 13, 1945.
^ "Officials forced to postpone
Ryder Cup for one year". The Times,
September 17, 2001; pg. 1[S].
^ "Olympic Club to host
PGA Championship in 2028,
Ryder Cup in 2032".
ESPN. Associated Press. November 9, 2017.
^ "Tour History – 2001". PGA European Tour. Retrieved 28 April
^ "Official bidding process announced for the 2022 Ryder Cup" (Press
Ryder Cup Europe. 23 June 2014. Retrieved 24 September
^ a b "Seven Nations express interest to host the 2022 Ryder Cup"
Ryder Cup Europe. 5 September 2014. Retrieved 24
Ryder Cup 2022: Denmark pull out of contest to host event". BBC. 13
November 2014. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
^ "The 2022 Ryder Cup: Formal Submissions Made" (Press release). Ryder
Cup Europe. 30 April 2015. Retrieved 30 May 2015.
^ "Rome to host
Ryder Cup 2022" (Press release). sportsmirchi.com.
Retrieved 14 December 2015.
^ "Fontana ausgewählt" (in German). Austrian
Golf Federation/ÖGV. 28
January 2015. Retrieved 10 March 2015.
^ "Fontana oder Zillertal: Zwei Optionen für den
Ryder Cup 2022" (in
German). Kurier. 24 November 2014. Retrieved 1 December 2014.
Ryder Cup 2022: Denmark pull out of contest to host event". BBC.
Retrieved 13 November 2014.
^ "Germany's bid for the 2022 Ryder Cup". German
Golf Federation. 25
Ryder Cup 2022: Deutschland bewirbt sich mit Brandenburger
Golfplätzen" (in German).
Golf SID. 9 March 2015. Retrieved 10 March
Ryder Cup 2022" (in German).
Golf Valley. Retrieved 1 December
^ "Marco Kaussler leitet deutsche Ryder-Cup-Kampagne" (in German).
pga.de. 22 September 2014. Retrieved 1 December 2014.
Hamburg und Berlin bleiben im Rennen" (in German). golf.de. 9
December 2014. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
^ "Italy bids for 2022 Ryder Cup, Turkey pulls out". pgatour.com. 12
November 2014. Retrieved 1 December 2014.
^ "Italy to bid for '22 Ryder Cup". ESPN. 12 November 2014. Retrieved
25 March 2015.
^ "Seven Nations express interest to host the 2022 Ryder Cup".
rydercup.com. 5 September 2014. Retrieved 25 March 2015.
^ "Four nations host
Ryder Cup bid inspection visits for 2022".
rydercup.com. 15 April 2015. Retrieved 16 April 2015.
^ "The 2022 Ryder Cup". golfweather.com. 24 November 2014. Retrieved
25 March 2015.
^ "Turkey keeps bid to host 2022 Ryder Cup". golfweek.com. 13 November
2014. Retrieved 1 December 2014.
^ "Turkey withdraws bid to host 2022 Ryder Cup". pga.com. 16 March
2015. Retrieved 25 March 2015.
^ Haggar, Jeff (September 25, 2012). "Chronology of
Ryder Cup coverage
on US TV". Classic TV Sports.
Ryder Cup returns to NBC".
NBC Sports History Page.
^ "Stay 'tooned: Disney gets 'Oswald' for Al Michaels". ESPN.com.
2006-02-09. Retrieved 2017-07-20.
^ Weisman, Jon (2013-10-10). "
Ryder Cup Rights Through
2030". Variety. Retrieved 2017-07-20.
^ "PGA of America recognizes a perfect complement in
NBC and Golf
Golf Digest. Retrieved 2017-07-20.
^ "History – All-Time Team
Ryder Cup Records". Ryder Cup.
Retrieved 28 April 2016.
^ "History – All-Time Team USA
Ryder Cup Records". Ryder Cup.
Retrieved 28 April 2016.
Ryder Cup - Match history & records 1927–2012". Golf
Today. Retrieved 28 April 2016.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ryder Cup.
United States vs. Great Britain
United States vs. Great Britain & Ireland
United States vs. Europe
Statistics and lists
Ryder Cup venues
Worcester Country Club, Worcester,
Scioto Country Club,
Upper Arlington, Ohio
Upper Arlington, Ohio (1931)
Southport and Ainsdale
Southport (1933 & 1937)
Ridgewood Country Club, Paramus, New
Raleigh Hills, Oregon
Raleigh Hills, Oregon (1947)
Ganton, North Yorkshire
Ganton, North Yorkshire (1949)
Pinehurst, North Carolina
Pinehurst, North Carolina (1951)
Wentworth Club, Virginia Water,
Thunderbird Country Club,
Rancho Mirage, California
Rancho Mirage, California (1955)
Golf Club, Lindrick,
South Yorkshire (1957)
Eldorado Country Club,
Indian Wells, California
Indian Wells, California (1959)
Royal Lytham & St Annes
Golf Club, Lytham St Annes, Lancashire
(1961 & 1977)
Golf Club, Atlanta, Georgia (1963)
Golf Club, Southport,
Merseyside (1965 & 1969)
Houston, Texas (1967)
Old Warson Country Club, St. Louis,
East Lothian (1973)
Ligonier, Pennsylvania (1975)
White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia
White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia (1979)
Golf Club, Walton-on-the-Hill,
Palm Beach Gardens, Florida
Palm Beach Gardens, Florida (1983)
Wishaw, Warwickshire (1985, 1989, 1993 & 2002)
Dublin, Ohio (1987)
Kiawah Island, South Carolina
Kiawah Island, South Carolina (1991)
Oak Hill Country Club,
Pittsford, New York
Pittsford, New York (1995)
Golf Club, Sotogrande,
The Country Club, Brookline,
Oakland Hills Country Club,
Bloomfield Hills, Michigan
Bloomfield Hills, Michigan (2004)
K Club, Straffan,
County Kildare (2006)
Louisville, Kentucky (2008)
Celtic Manor Resort,
Newport, Wales (2010)
Medinah Country Club,
Medinah, Illinois (2012)
Perth and Kinross
Perth and Kinross (2014)
Chaska, Minnesota (2016)
Golf National, Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines,
Haven, Wisconsin (2020)
Golf and Country Club, Guidonia, Rome (2022)
Bethpage Black Course,
Farmingdale, New York
Farmingdale, New York (2024)
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