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The RYDER CUP is a biennial men's golf competition between teams from Europe
Europe
and the United States
United States
. The competition is contested every two years with the venue alternating between courses in the United States and Europe. The Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
is named after the English businessman Samuel Ryder who donated the trophy. The event is jointly administered by the PGA of America and Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
Europe, the latter a joint venture of the PGA European Tour (60%), the PGA of Great Britain
Great Britain
and Ireland (20%), and the PGA of Europe
Europe
(20%).

Originally contested between Great Britain
Great Britain
and the United States, the first official Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
took place in 1927 at Worcester Country Club , in Massachusetts
Massachusetts
, US. The home team won the first five contests, but with the competition's resumption after the Second World War , repeated American dominance eventually led to a decision to extend the representation of " Great Britain
Great Britain
and Ireland" to include continental Europe
Europe
from 1979 . The inclusion of continental European golfers was partly prompted by the success of a new generation of Spanish golfers, led by Seve Ballesteros
Seve Ballesteros
and Antonio Garrido . In 1973 the official title of the British Team had been changed from "Great Britain" to " Great Britain
Great Britain
and Ireland", but this was simply a change of name to reflect the fact that golfers from the Republic of Ireland
Republic of Ireland
had been playing in the Great Britain
Great Britain
Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
team since 1953 , while Northern Irish players had competed since 1947 .

Since 1979 , Europe
Europe
has won ten times outright and retained the Cup once in a tied match, with eight American wins over this period. In addition to players from Great Britain
Great Britain
and Ireland, the European team has included players from Belgium
Belgium
, Denmark
Denmark
, France
France
, Germany
Germany
, Italy , Spain
Spain
and Sweden
Sweden
. The Ryder Cup, and its counterpart the Presidents Cup , remain exceptions within the world of professional sports because the players receive no prize money despite the contests being high-profile events that bring in large amounts of money in television and sponsorship revenue.

The current holders are the United States
United States
who won in 2016 at Hazeltine National Golf Club
Hazeltine National Golf Club
in Chaska, Minnesota
Chaska, Minnesota
, by a score of 17 to 11. The next contest will be on the Albatros Course at Le Golf National in Paris
Paris
, France, from 28 to 30 September 2018.

CONTENTS

* 1 Founding of the Cup

* 1.1 Gleneagles 1921 * 1.2 Wentworth 1926 * 1.3 Worcester 1927

* 2 Inclusion of continental European golfers * 3 Format * 4 Team qualification and selection * 5 Captains * 6 Preliminary events

* 7 Notable Ryder Cups

* 7.1 1969: Nicklaus vs Jacklin * 7.2 1989: Azinger and Ballesteros * 7.3 1991: "The War by the Shore" * 7.4 1999: Battle of Brookline * 7.5 2012: Meltdown/Miracle at Medinah

* 8 Results

* 8.1 Cancellations and postponements * 8.2 Summary

* 9 Future venues

* 9.1 Future European venues

* 9.1.1 Bidding for the 2022 Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup

* 10 Television * 11 Records * 12 Similar golf events * 13 See also * 14 Notes and references * 15 External links

FOUNDING OF THE CUP

The Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
on display in 2008.

GLENEAGLES 1921

On September 27, 1920 Golf
Golf
Illustrated wrote a letter to the Professional Golfers\' Association of America with a suggestion that a team of 12 to 20 American professionals be chosen to play in the 1921 British Open , to be financed by popular subscription. At that time no American golfer had won the British Open . The idea was that of James D. Harnett, who worked for the magazine. The PGA of America made a positive reply and the idea was announced in the November 1920 issue. The fund was called the British Open Championship Fund. By the next spring the idea had been firmed-up. A team of 12 would be chosen, who would sail in time to play a warm-up tournament at Gleneagles (the Glasgow Herald 1000 Guinea Tournament ) prior to the British Open at St. Andrews, two weeks later. The team of 12 was chosen by PGA President George Sargent and PGA Secretary Alec Pirie, with the assistance of USGA Vice-President Robert Gardner. A team of 11 sailed from New York on the RMS Aquitania on May 24, 1921 together with James Harnett, Harry Hampton deciding at the last minute that he could not travel.

The idea for a 12-a-side International Match between the American and Great Britain
Great Britain
professionals was reported in The Times on May 17, with James Douglas Edgar being reported as the probable 12th player. Edgar was already in the United Kingdom. The match would be played at Gleneagles on Monday June 6, the day before the start of the 1000 Guinea Tournament. With Jim Barnes
Jim Barnes
indisposed, the match eventually became a 10-a-side contest, Edgar not being required for the American team. The match consisted of 5 foursomes in the morning and 10 singles in the afternoon, played on the King's Course. The match was won by Great Britain
Great Britain
by 9 matches to 3, 3 matches being halved.

The British team was: George Duncan (captain), James Braid , Arthur Havers , Abe Mitchell , James Ockenden , Ted Ray , James Sherlock , J.H. Taylor , Josh Taylor , and Harry Vardon
Harry Vardon
. The American team was: Emmet French (captain), Clarence Hackney , Walter Hagen , Charles Hoffner , Jock Hutchison
Jock Hutchison
, Tom Kerrigan , George McLean , Fred McLeod , Bill Melhorn and Wilfrid Reid . Gold medals were presented by the Duchess of Atholl
Duchess of Atholl
to each member of the teams at the conclusion of the Glasgow Herald tournament on Saturday afternoon. The medals "had on one side crossed flags, The Union Jack and Stars and Stripes surmounted by the inscription "For Britain" or "For America" as the case may be" and on the other side "America v Britain. First international golf match at "The Glasgow Herald" tournament, Gleneagles, June 6, 1921"

After the Glasgow Herald Tournament most of the American team travelled to St Andrews
St Andrews
to practice for the British Open , for which qualifying began on June 20. However, Walter Hagen and Jock Hutchison played in a tournament at Kinghorn
Kinghorn
on June 14 and 15. Hagen had a poor first round and didn't turn up for the second day. Hutchison scored 74 and 64 and took the £50 first prize. At St Andrews, Hutchison led the qualifying and then won the Open itself. So, despite losing the International Match, the American team achieved its main objective, winning the British Open.

A match between American and British amateur golfers was played at Hoylake in 1921, immediately before The Amateur Championship. This match was followed by the creation of the Walker Cup , which was first played in 1922. However the 1921 Gleneagles match did not immediately lead to a corresponding match between the professionals.

WENTWORTH 1926

It was common at this time for a small number of professionals to travel to compete in each other's national championship. In 1926, a larger than usual contingent of American professionals were travelling to Britain to compete in the Open Championship , two weeks before their own Championship . In February it was announced that Walter Hagen would select a team of four American professionals (including himself) to play four British professionals in a match before the Open Championship. The match would be a stroke play competition with each playing the four opposing golfers over 18 holes. In mid-April it was announced that "A golf enthusiast, who name has not yet been made public" was ready to donate a cup for an annual competition. Later in April it was announced that Samuel Ryder would be presenting a trophy "for annual competition between British and American professionals." with the first match to be played on June 4 and 5 "but the details are not yet decided", and then in May it was announced that the match would be a match-play competition, 8-a-side, foursomes on the first day, singles on the second. Eventually, at Hagen's request, 10 players competed for each team. Samuel Ryder (together with his brother James) had sponsored a number of British professional events starting in 1923.

The match resulted in 13–1 victory for the British team (1 match was halved). The American point was won by Bill Mehlhorn with Emmet French being all square. Medals were presented to the players by the American ambassador Alanson B. Houghton
Alanson B. Houghton
.

The match was widely reported as being for the "Ryder Cup". However Golf
Golf
Illustrated for June 11 states that because of uncertainty following the general strike in May, which led to uncertainty about how many Americans would be visiting Britain, Samuel Ryder had decided to withhold the cup for a year. It has also been suggested that Walter Hagen chose the American team rather than the American PGA, that only those Americans who had travelled to Britain to play in the Open were available for selection and that it contained a number of players born outside the United States, also contributed to the feeling that the match ought to be regarded as unofficial. In addition the Americans "had only just landed in England and were not yet in full practice."

The British team was: Ted Ray (Captain), Aubrey Boomer , Archie Compston , George Duncan , George Gadd , Arthur Havers , Herbert Jolly , Abe Mitchell , Fred Robson and Ernest Whitcombe . The American team was: Walter Hagen (Captain), Tommy Armour , Jim Barnes
Jim Barnes
, Emmet French , Joe Kirkwood , Fred McLeod , Bill Mehlhorn , Joe Stein , Cyril Walker and Al Watrous . While all ten of the British players subsequently played in the Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
only three of the Americans did (Hagen, Mehlhorn and Watrous). Armour, Barnes, Kirkwood, McLeod and Walker were excluded by the policy of requiring players to be born in the USA while French and Stein were never selected.

WORCESTER 1927

Main article: 1927 Ryder Cup

The 1927 competition was organized on a much more formal basis. A Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
"Deed of Trust" was drawn up formalising the rules of the contest, while each of the PGA organisations had a selection process. In Britain Golf
Golf
Illustrated launched a fund to raise £3,000 to fund professional golfers to play in the U.S. Open and the Ryder Cup. Ryder contributed £100 and, when the fund closed with a shortfall of £300, he made up the outstanding balance himself. Although not in the rules at that time, the American PGA restricted their team to those born in the United States.

In early 1928 it became clear that an annual contest was not practical and so it was decided that the second contest should be in 1929 and then every two years thereafter.

For the 1929 UK contest at Moortown GC, Leeds, the American PGA again restricted their team to those born in the USA but in late 1929 the Deed of Trust was revised requiring all players to be born in and resident in their respective countries, as well as being members of their respective Professional Golfers' Association.

INCLUSION OF CONTINENTAL EUROPEAN GOLFERS

The most significant change to the Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
has been the inclusion of continental European golfers since 1979. Up until 1977 , the matches featured teams representing the United States
United States
and Great Britain and Ireland. From 1979 players from continental Europe
Europe
have been eligible to join what is now known as Team Europe. The change to include continental Europeans arose from discussion in 1977 between Jack Nicklaus and Edward Stanley, 18th Earl of Derby
Edward Stanley, 18th Earl of Derby
, who was serving as the President of the Professional Golfers\' Association ; it was suggested by Nicklaus as a means to make the matches more competitive, since the Americans almost always won, often by lopsided margins. The change worked, as the contests immediately became much more competitive, with talented young Europeans such as Seve Ballesteros and Bernhard Langer
Bernhard Langer
bolstering the European side. The present-day popularity of the Ryder Cup, which now generates enormous media attention, can be said to date from that change in eligibility.

FORMAT

The Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
involves various match play competitions between players selected from two teams of twelve. It takes place from a Friday to a Sunday with a total of 28 matches being played, all matches being over 18 holes. On Friday and Saturday there are four fourball matches and four foursomes matches each day; a session of four matches in the morning and a session of four matches in the afternoon. On Sunday, there are 12 singles matches, when all team members play. Not all players must play on Friday and Saturday; the captain can select any eight players for each of the sessions over these two days.

The winner of each match scores a point for his team, with half a point each for any match that is tied after the 18 holes. The winning team is determined by cumulative total points. In the event of a tie (14 points each) the Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
is retained by the team who held it before the contest.

A foursomes match is a competition between two teams of two golfers. On a particular hole the golfers on the same team take alternate shots playing the same ball. One team member tees off on all the odd-numbered holes, and the other on all the even-numbered holes. Each hole is won by the team that completes the hole in the fewest shots. A fourball match is also a competition between two teams of two golfers, but all four golfers play their own ball throughout the round rather than alternating shots. The better score of the two golfers in a team determines the team's score on a particular hole; the score of the other member of the team is not counted. Each hole is won by the team whose individual golfer has the lowest score. A singles match is a standard match play competition between two golfers.

The format of the Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
has changed over the years. From the inaugural event until 1959 , the Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
was a two-day competition with 36-hole matches. In 1961 the matches were changed to 18 holes each and the number of matches doubled. In 1963 the event was expanded to three days, with fourball matches being played for the first time. This format remained until 1977 , when the number of matches was reduced to 20, but, in 1979 , the first year continental European players participated, the format was changed to the 28-match version in use today, with 8 foursomes/four-ball matches on the first two days and 12 singles matches on the last day. Because of weather disruption the format of the 2010 contest was altered and it was extended to a fourth day.

YEAR DAY 1 DAY 2 DAY 3 Total Points

MORNING AFTERNOON MORNING AFTERNOON MORNING AFTERNOON

1927 –59 4 36-hole foursomes 8 36-hole singles – 12

1961 4 foursomes 4 foursomes 8 singles 8 singles – 24

1963 –71 4 foursomes 4 foursomes 4 fourballs 4 fourballs 8 singles 8 singles 32

1973 4 foursomes 4 fourballs 4 foursomes 4 fourballs 8 singles 8 singles 32

1975 4 foursomes 4 fourballs 4 fourballs 4 foursomes 8 singles 8 singles 32

1977 5 foursomes 5 fourballs 10 singles 20

1979 – present 4 foursomes 4 fourballs 4 foursomes 4 fourballs 12 singles 28

or or

4 fourballs 4 foursomes 4 fourballs 4 foursomes

The team size was increased from 10 to 12 in 1969 .

There were two singles sessions (morning and afternoon) in 1979 , but no player played in both sessions.

Since 1979 , there have been 4 foursomes and 4 fourballs on each of the first two days. Currently the home captain decides before the contest starts whether the fourball or foursomes matches are played in the morning. He may choose a different order for the two days.

Since 1979 , a player can play a maximum of 5 matches (2 foursomes, 2 fourballs and a singles match), however from 1963 to 1975 it was possible to play 6 matches (2 foursomes, 2 fourballs and 2 singles matches).

TEAM QUALIFICATION AND SELECTION

The selection process for the Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
players has varied over the years. In the early contests the teams were generally decided by a selection committee but later qualification based on performances was introduced. The current system by which most of the team is determined by performances with a small number of players selected by the captain (known as "wild cards" or "captain's picks") gradually evolved and has been used by both sides since 1989 .

For the 2014 Ryder Cup both teams had 9 players qualifying based on performances with the remaining 3 players selected by the captain. For those players gaining automatic qualification the Europeans used a system, introduced in 2004 , using two tables; one using prize money won in official European Tour events and a second based on World Ranking points gained anywhere in the world. Both tables used a 12-month qualifying period finishing at the end of August. The American system, introduced in 2008 , was based on prize money earned in official PGA Tour
PGA Tour
events during the current season and prize money earned in the major championships in the previous season. The qualifying period ended after the PGA Championship
PGA Championship
.

For the 2016 Ryder Cup
2016 Ryder Cup
there were a number of changes from 2014 in the American system. The number of captain's picks was increased from three to four with the selections being made later than previously, especially moving the fourth and last pick to less than a week before the Ryder Cup, right after the completion of the Tour Championship . The qualifying events now included both the 2015 World Golf Championships events and The Players Championship , on top of the four major championships, but only included 2016 PGA Tour
PGA Tour
events actually played in 2016, thus excluded any other event played in 2015. The qualifying period was also extended because the Olympic Games had moved the timeslot for the 2016 PGA Championship
PGA Championship
which took place already at the end of July.

CAPTAINS

The captains have always selected the players and chosen the playing order in each group of matches. When the contest involved 36-hole matches, it was usual for the captain to be one of the players . The USA only had two non-playing captains in this period: Walter Hagen in 1937 and Ben Hogan in 1949 while Great Britain
Great Britain
had non-playing captains in 1933 , 1949 , 1951 and 1953 . With the change to 18-hole matches and the extension to three days, it became more difficult to combine the roles of captain and player and Arnold Palmer
Arnold Palmer
in 1963 was the last playing captain. The captains have always been professional golfers and the only captain who never played in the Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
was J.H. Taylor , the 1933 British captain.

PRELIMINARY EVENTS

An opening ceremony takes place on the afternoon before play begins.

Since 2012 , the Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
has featured a celebrity match. Celebrities were paired with former Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
captains in 2012 and 2014 . In 2016 , only celebrities competed. Participants have included sportspeople Michael Phelps , Scottie Pippen
Scottie Pippen
, Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
, Alessandro Del Piero
Alessandro Del Piero
and Andriy Shevchenko
Andriy Shevchenko
, and actors Bill Murray and Justin Timberlake
Justin Timberlake
.

NOTABLE RYDER CUPS

1969: NICKLAUS VS JACKLIN

Main article: 1969 Ryder Cup Tony Jacklin's golf ball used in the 1969 Ryder Cup held at Royal Birkdale Golf
Golf
Club

The 1969 Cup held at Royal Birkdale was perhaps one of the best and most competitive contests in terms of play (18 of the 32 matches went to the last green). It was decided in its very last match, of which United States
United States
Captain Sam Snead
Sam Snead
later said "This is the greatest golf match you have ever seen in England".

With the United States
United States
and Great Britain
Great Britain
tied at  15 1⁄2 each, Jack Nicklaus led Tony Jacklin by the score of 1 up as they played the 17th hole. Jacklin made a 35-foot eagle putt and when Nicklaus missed his own eagle try from 12 feet, the match was all square.

At the par-5 finishing hole, both Jacklin and Nicklaus got on the green in two. Nicklaus ran his eagle putt five feet past the hole, while Jacklin left his two-foot short. Nicklaus then sank his birdie putt, and with a crowd of 8,000 people watching, picked up Jacklin's marker, conceding the putt Jacklin needed to tie the matches. With the United States
United States
team already holding the cup, the tie allowed it to retain the cup. "I don't think you would have missed that putt," Nicklaus said to Jacklin afterwards, "but in these circumstances I would never give you the opportunity."

This gesture of sportsmanship by Nicklaus caused controversy on the American side, some of whom would have preferred to force Jacklin to attempt the putt for the small chance that he might miss, which would have given the United States
United States
team an outright win. "All the boys thought it was ridiculous to give him that putt," said Sam Snead. "We went over there to win, not to be good ol' boys."

1989: AZINGER AND BALLESTEROS

Main article: 1989 Ryder Cup

Held at The Belfry in England, the 1989 Ryder Cup saw the rising of tensions in the series. After holding the cup for more than two decades, the United States
United States
team lost both the 1985 and 1987 matches. At the 1989 matches, the pressure was on the United States
United States
team and its captain, Raymond Floyd. At a pre-match opening celebration, Floyd slighted the European team by introducing his United States
United States
team as "the 12 greatest players in the world."

The competition saw the beginnings of a feud between Seve Ballesteros and Paul Azinger . Early in their singles match, Ballesteros sought to change a scuffed ball for a new ball under Rule of Golf
Golf
5–3. Somewhat unusually, Azinger disputed whether the ball was unfit for play. A referee was called, and sided with Azinger in ruling the ball fit for play. Ballesteros reportedly said to Azinger, "Is this the way you want to play today?" The match continued in a contentious fashion, culminating in Ballesteros unusually contesting whether Azinger took a proper drop after hitting into the water on the 18th hole.

The American team's frustration grew as the matches ended in a tie, with the European team retaining the cup.

1991: "THE WAR BY THE SHORE"

Main article: 1991 Ryder Cup

The overall tension between the teams and the feud between Ballesteros and Azinger escalated at the Kiawah Island Golf
Golf
Resort in 1991. At the ceremonial opening dinner, the PGA of America played two videos that were seen as less than hospitable by the European team. The first video was presented as a highlight reel of past Ryder Cups, but reportedly showed only Americans. The second video was a welcoming address by then- United States
United States
President George H. W. Bush
George H. W. Bush
in which he closed by cheering on the American side.

On the first morning of the competition, Azinger and Chip Beck were paired against Ballesteros and José María Olazábal
José María Olazábal
in a foursome match, an alternate shot event. Azinger and Beck accused Ballesteros of gamesmanship on account of his throat clearing during Beck's shots. Later in the same match, Azinger and Beck, who were playing the same brand and make of ball but each with a slightly different model, switched their balls. While this switching was unlikely to have resulted in an advantage or to have been intentional, it was in violation of the "one ball rule" which was in effect for the competition. Under that rule, a player is prohibited from changing the type of ball he uses during the course of a match. A few holes after the switch had occurred, Ballesteros called the Americans for the violation. Azinger, seeming to feel that his integrity was being questioned, said "I can tell you we're not trying to cheat." Ballesteros responded, "Oh no. Breaking the rules and cheating are two different things." As the violation was called too long after it had occurred, no penalty was assessed against the American pair. The constant goading between Ballesteros and Azinger intensified their respective desires to win. Out of that intensity, they and their playing partners produced what may be regarded as one of the best pairs matches in history, with the Spaniards winning 2 Langer had a six-foot, side-hill par putt, and Irwin had a generally uphill, 18-inch putt for bogey. To the surprise of his teammates, Langer conceded Irwin's bogey putt, leaving himself in a must-make position. Langer missed his putt, the match was halved, and the U.S. team took back the cup.

Players on both sides were driven to public tears by the pressure of the matches on the final day. The intense competition of the 1991 Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
is widely regarded as having elevated public interest in the series.

1999: BATTLE OF BROOKLINE

Main article: 1999 Ryder Cup

The 1999 Ryder Cup held at The Country Club
The Country Club
in Brookline, Massachusetts
Massachusetts
, caused great controversy. A remarkable comeback by the American team helped propel the U.S. to a 14½–13½ victory after trailing 10–6 heading into the final day. The U.S. defeated Europe 8½-3½ in the singles matches to seal the first American victory since 1993 .

The competition turned on the 17th hole of a match between American Justin Leonard
Justin Leonard
and Spaniard José María Olazábal
José María Olazábal
. With the match all square at the 17th hole, Leonard needed to earn at least a half-point by either winning one of the last two holes (therefore earning a full point), or finishing the match at all square (therefore earning a half-point) to seal an American victory. After Olazábal's second shot left him with a 22-foot putt on the par-4, Leonard hit his shot within 10 feet of the hole and then watched it roll away from the cup, leaving him with a 45-foot putt for birdie. Leonard had made putts of 25 and 35 feet earlier in the round. Leonard holed the astounding putt, and a wild celebration ensued with other U.S. players, their wives, and a few fans running onto the green. Had Leonard's putt sealed the match, this type of behavior would have been inappropriate but moot. Knowing that a made putt would extend the match while a miss would assure Leonard of a half-point and the U.S. a victory (the Americans needed  14 1⁄2 points to gain the cup due to the Europeans' 1997 victory at Valderrama), Olazábal tried to regain his focus. However, he missed the difficult putt, and the American team celebrated once again (although the second celebration was more reserved than the first one).

According to the "Best of the Rest" section of ESPN\'s Top 5 Reasons You Can\'t Blame program, NBC
NBC
television footage and press photos prove that no official rules ( Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
or PGA) were broken when the Americans celebrated after Leonard's putt (i.e., no one walked in or crossed Olazábal's putting line – although Europe
Europe
player Sam Torrance has said in TV interviews that a TV cameraman stood on Olazábal's line while filming the invasion of the green by players and spectators). However, there remain a number of unwritten rules and codes of conduct which the European players believe were being ignored. Many of the American players believed the Europeans' response was hypocritical; they argued that European players – in particular Seve Ballesteros
Seve Ballesteros
– had been guilty of excessive celebration and gamesmanship as far back as the 1985 Ryder Cup Matches, without attracting the same opprobrium from the European media. There was still considerable bad blood after the match, with some of the European players complaining about the behavior of the American galleries throughout the match. Sam Torrance
Sam Torrance
branded it "disgusting," while European captain Mark James referred to it as a "bear pit" in a book recounting the event. There were also reports that a spectator spat at James' wife.

Following the 1999 Ryder Cup, many members of the U.S. team apologized for their behavior, and there were numerous attempts by both teams to calm the increasing nationalism of the event. These efforts appear to have been largely successful, with subsequent Cups being played in the "spirit of the game".

2012: MELTDOWN/MIRACLE AT MEDINAH

Main article: 2012 Ryder Cup

The 39th Ryder Cup, held at the Medinah Country Club in Medinah, Illinois , saw an extraordinary collapse by the Americans. Under captain José María Olazábal
José María Olazábal
of Spain; the Europeans were down 10–4 after 14 matches, with two four-ball matches still on the course and 12 singles matches to be played the next day. Despite being down 10–6 going into the final day Europe
Europe
came back to win by  14 1⁄2 points to  13 1⁄2. Out of the 12 points up for grabs on the final day Europe
Europe
won  8 1⁄2 points with the U.S. winning only  3 1⁄2 points.

Martin Kaymer struck the putt (a putt almost identical in length that fellow German Bernhard Langer
Bernhard Langer
missed at the 1991 Ryder Cup ) that retained the cup for Europe. Francesco Molinari
Francesco Molinari
secured the final half-point to win the Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
outright by winning the 18th hole to halve his match against Tiger Woods
Tiger Woods
. Ian Poulter
Ian Poulter
of the European team finished this Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
with a perfect 4–0 record.

RESULTS

Main article: List of Ryder Cup matches

CANCELLATIONS AND POSTPONEMENTS

1939 Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup

The 1939 Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
was planned for November 18–19 at Ponte Vedra Country Club in Jacksonville, Florida
Jacksonville, Florida
; Walter Hagen was chosen as non-playing captain of the U.S. team. The competition was cancelled shortly after the outbreak of World War II
World War II
in Europe
Europe
in September.

In early April 1939, the British P.G.A. chose a selection committee of six and selected Henry Cotton as captain. In August, eight players were named in the team: Cotton, Jimmy Adams , Dick Burton , Sam King , Alf Padgham , Dai Rees , Charles Whitcombe and Reg Whitcombe . Charles Whitcombe immediately withdrew from the team, not wishing to travel to the United States. With seven selected, three places were left to be filled. War was declared on 3 September and the British P.G.A. immediately cancelled the match: "The P.G.A. announce that the Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
match for this year has been cancelled by the state of war prevailing in this country. The P.G.A. of the United States
United States
is being informed." 1941, 1943 and 1945 Ryder Cups

The Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
was not played in these scheduled years due to the war; by the fall of 1945, many members of the British team were still in the military. After a decade-long absence, it resumed in November 1947 at the Portland Golf
Golf
Club in Portland, Oregon
Portland, Oregon
. 2001 Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
Main article: 2002 Ryder Cup

The competition, scheduled for 28–30 September at The Belfry 's Brabazon Course, was postponed a year because of the September 11 terrorist attacks . "The PGA of America has informed the European Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
Board that the scope of the last Tuesday's tragedy is so overwhelming that it would not be possible for the United States
United States
Ryder Cup team and officials to attend the match this month." The manager of Phil Mickelson
Phil Mickelson
and Mark Calcavecchia had earlier announced that the two players would not travel to Europe. Other American players were said to be concerned about attending the event. It was played in 2002 at the original venue with the same teams that had been selected to play a year earlier. The display boards at The Belfry still read "The 2001 Ryder Cup", and U.S. captain Curtis Strange deliberately referred to his team as "The 2001 Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
Team" in his speech at the closing ceremony.

It was later decided to hold the subsequent Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
in 2004 (rather than 2003 ) and thereafter in even-numbered years. This change also affected the men's Presidents Cup and Seve Trophy and women's Solheim Cup competitions, as each switched from even to odd years.

SUMMARY

TEAM FROM TO MATCHES WINS LOSSES TIES

UNITED STATES 1927 2016 41 26 13 2

Great Britain
Great Britain
/ Great Britain
Great Britain
& Ireland 1927 1977 22 3 18 1

EUROPE 1979 2016 19 10 8 1

Although the team was referred to as "Great Britain" up to 1971, a number of golfers from the Republic of Ireland
Republic of Ireland
, Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
, Guernsey
Guernsey
and Jersey
Jersey
had played for Great Britain
Great Britain
before that date. In 1973 the official team name was changed to " Great Britain
Great Britain
and Ireland", but this was simply a change of name to reflect the fact that golfers from the Republic of Ireland
Republic of Ireland
had played in the "Great Britain" Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
team since Harry Bradshaw in 1953 , while Northern Irish players had competed since Fred Daly in 1947 .

The team in place of the original "Great Britain" team has been referred to as "Europe" since 1979 , when players from continental Europe
Europe
were included. Since then, the "United States" team has won 8 matches and the "Europe" team has won 10 matches, while retaining the Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
once with a tie.

FUTURE VENUES

* 2018 Le Golf
Golf
National , Albatros Course ( Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines
Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines
, France
France
) * 2020 Whistling Straits , Straits Course ( Haven, Wisconsin ) * 2022 Marco Simone Golf
Golf
and Country Club ( Guidonia Montecelio
Guidonia Montecelio
, Rome , Italy
Italy
) * 2024 Bethpage State Park
Bethpage State Park
, Black Course ( Farmingdale, New York
Farmingdale, New York
) * 2032 The Olympic Club , Lake Course ( San Francisco, California
San Francisco, California
)

FUTURE EUROPEAN VENUES

In 2001 the PGA European Tour decided to put out the Ryder Cup hosting rights from 2018 through 2030 to a competitive bid process throughout Europe. Main article: 2018 Ryder Cup

Bidding For The 2022 Ryder Cup

The bidding process for the 2022 Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
opened on 23 June 2014. Interested countries had until 31 August to formally express an interest in bidding. These expressions had to come either from a central government or a national golf governing body. On 5 September, seven nations had expressed an interest in hosting. Formal bids were to be submitted by 16 February 2015, with the host to be selected that autumn. In November 2014 it was announced that Denmark
Denmark
had withdrawn from the bidding process leaving six remaining countries. The date for submissions of the formal bids was extended to 30 April 2015.

7 nations originally expressed interest in bidding. However Ryder Cup Europe
Europe
only received 4 bids when bidding closed on 30 April 2015.

On 14 December 2015, Rome was announced as the host of 2022 Ryder Cup. Italy
Italy
beat Germany, Austria
Austria
and Spain
Spain
to win the bid for 44th edition of Ryder Cup.

Winning bid is marked in BOLD

Bids submitted in time are marked in green

Cancelled/withdrawn bids are marked in red

COUNTRY CITY GOLF COURSE

Austria
Austria
Oberwaltersdorf Golf
Golf
Club Fontana

Golf
Golf
Club Fontana, Oberwaltersdorf . Fontana was chosen by the Austrian Golf
Golf
Federation ÖGV on 28 January 2015 against the other bidder Golf
Golf
Club Zillertal, Uderns

Denmark
Denmark
withdrew on 13 November 2014

Denmark
Denmark
withdrew its bid on 13 November 2014

Germany
Germany
Berlin
Berlin
, Scharmuetzelsee Golf
Golf
Club Bad Saarow

The Golf
Golf
Club Bad Saarow at Scharmuetzelsee near Berlin
Berlin
was chosen by RC Deutschland, the German Golf
Golf
Federation's bid team, on 25 March 2015 against the other bidder Golf
Golf
Club Groß Kienitz, also near Berlin
Berlin
. Other interested venues were considered earlier, however Gut Kaden near Hamburg
Hamburg
never bid officially and Golf
Golf
Valley Resort near Munich
Munich
withdrew its bid on 9 December 2014

ITALY Guidonia Montecelio
Guidonia Montecelio
, Rome Marco Simone Golf
Golf
and Country Club

Italy
Italy
will bid to hold the 2022 Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
at Marco Simone club just outside Rome.

Portugal
Portugal
withdrew on 15 April 2015

Portugal
Portugal
was among the nations that expressed interest to host the 2022 Ryder Cup. However the Portuguese Golf
Golf
Federation has informed Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
Europe
Europe
on 15 April 2015 "that the prevailing economic environment would prevent us from developing as strong a bid as we would wish and have therefore decided to wait for a future opportunity."

Spain
Spain
Caldes de Malavella PGA Catalunya Resort

Real Federación Española de Golf, in partnership with Generalitat de Catalunya and other public Spanish and Catalan stakeholders, have announced their intention on 24 November 2014 to bid to bring the 2022 Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
to Catalunya, PGA Catalunya Resort in Caldes de Malavella

Turkey
Turkey
withdrew on 16 March 2015

Turkey
Turkey
originally intended to build a new venue. However Turkey withdrew its bid on 16 March 2015 because it required up to 15,000 trees to be cut down to accommodate grandstands at its chosen course.

TELEVISION

Main article: List of Ryder Cup broadcasters

The Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
matches were always covered by the BBC
BBC
, whether in Britain or in the United States, even prior to the British team's merger with Europe. In the 1990s, Sky Sports
Sky Sports
became heavily involved in the Ryder Cup, and has since taken over live coverage, including creating a channel specifically dedicated for the 2014 and 2016 competition. The BBC
BBC
still screens edited highlights each night.

In the United States
United States
, the Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
was first televised live at the 1983 matches in Florida, with ABC Sports covering just the final four holes of the singles matches. A highlight package of the 1985 singles matches was produced by ESPN , but no live coverage aired from England. In 1987, with the matches back in the United States, ABC covered both weekend days, but only in the late afternoon.

In 1989, USA Network began a long association with the Ryder Cup, by televising all three days live from England, the first live coverage of a Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
from Europe. This led to a one-year deal for the 1991 matches in South Carolina to be carried by NBC
NBC
live on the weekend, with USA Network continuing to provide live coverage of the first day. All five sessions were broadcast for the first time. The success of the 1991 matches led to a contract extension with USA and NBC
NBC
through 1997 , marking a turning point in the competition's popularity. For the European matches, the first two days were taped and aired on delay in the U.S. Another extension with USA and NBC
NBC
covering the 1999 –2003 (later moved to 2004 ) competitions increased the number of hours of coverage to include the entire first day and most of the second day. Tape delay was still employed for competitions from Europe.

The Ryder Cup's increased success led to a landmark contract with NBC (which had recently bought USA Network) to air the 2006 –14 competitions on USA and NBC. It called for a record increase in coverage hours, with the second day now having near-complete coverage. Tape delay was last used for the 2006 event in Ireland. In 2006 , ESPN was sub-licensed rights to Friday coverage, as part of a larger transaction between NBC
NBC
and Disney that also resulted in ABC Sports personality Al Michaels moving to NBC
NBC
to join their then-upcoming Sunday-night NFL games , ESPN gaining expanded access to highlights from events whose rights are owned by NBC, and Disney acquiring the rights to the cartoon character Oswald the Lucky Rabbit
Oswald the Lucky Rabbit
(who was created by Walt Disney
Walt Disney
in 1927 for a series of animated shorts distributed by Universal Pictures
Universal Pictures
).

In 2013, NBC
NBC
reached a deal to extend its rights to the Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
and Senior PGA Championship
PGA Championship
through 2030, with Friday coverage of the Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
being assumed by Golf
Golf
Channel .

RECORDS

Main article: List of Ryder Cup records See also: List of American Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
golfers and List of European Ryder Cup golfers

* MOST APPEARANCES ON A TEAM: 11 ° Nick Faldo
Nick Faldo
(Eur/GB&I), 1977 –97 ° Phil Mickelson
Phil Mickelson
(USA), 1995 –2016 * MOST POINTS: 25 ° Nick Faldo
Nick Faldo
(Eur/GB&I) (23–19–4 record) * MOST SINGLES POINTS WON: 7 ° Colin Montgomerie (Eur) (6–0–2 record) ° Billy Casper
Billy Casper
(USA) (6–2–2 record) ° Lee Trevino
Lee Trevino
(USA) (6–2–2 record) ° Arnold Palmer
Arnold Palmer
(USA) (6–3–2 record) ° Neil Coles (GB&I) (5–6–4 record) * MOST FOURSOME POINTS WON:  11 1⁄2 ° Bernhard Langer
Bernhard Langer
(Eur) (11–6–1 record) * MOST FOURBALL POINTS WON:  10 1⁄2 ° Ian Woosnam
Ian Woosnam
(Eur) (10–3–1 record) ° José María Olazábal
José María Olazábal
(Eur) (9–2–3 record) * MOST POINTS WON BY A PAIRING: 12 ° Seve Ballesteros
Seve Ballesteros
and José María Olazábal
José María Olazábal
(Eur) (11–2–2 record) * TOP POINT PERCENTAGE (minimum of 3 Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
matches) ° Jimmy Demaret (USA) (6–0–0) 7002100000000000000♠100.0% ° Jack Burke (USA) (7–1–0) 7001875000000000000♠87.5% ° Horton Smith (USA) (3–0–1) 7001875000000000000♠87.5% ° Walter Hagen (USA) (7–1–1) 7001833000000000000♠83.3% ° J.C. Snead (USA) (9–2–0) 7001818000000000000♠81.8% ° Sam Snead
Sam Snead
(USA) (10–2–1) 7001808000000000000♠80.8% * MOST POINTS IN A SINGLE CONTEST: 5 ° Tony Lema (USA) (5–1–0) 1965 ° Peter Alliss (GB&I) (5–1–0) 1965 ° Gardner Dickinson (USA) (5–0–0) 1967 ° Arnold Palmer
Arnold Palmer
(USA) (5–0–0) 1967 ° Tony Jacklin (GBborder:solid #aaa 1px">

* Golf
Golf
portal

* List of American Ryder Cup golfers * List of European Ryder Cup golfers * List of sports competitions between teams representing continents

NOTES AND REFERENCES

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Great Britain
and the PGA of Europe
Europe
each holding 20 percent. * ^ "OK, so what\'s it worth?". golftoday.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-07-24. * ^ "U.S. Professionals to Seek British Title" (PDF). Golf Illustrated: 27. November 1920. Retrieved 6 August 2013. * ^ "Month at a Glance" (PDF). Golf
Golf
Illustrated: 32. March 1921. Retrieved 6 August 2013. * ^ "Month at a Glance" (PDF). Golf
Golf
Illustrated: 32. May 1921. Retrieved 6 August 2013. * ^ " Golf
Golf
Stars Leave for British Links". The New York Times. May 25, 1921. Retrieved 6 August 2013. * ^ "The American Professionals". The Times. May 17, 1921. p. 12. * ^ "Gleneagles – International Golf". The Glasgow Herald. June 7, 1921. Retrieved 6 August 2013. * ^ "Mitchell\'s Win – "The Glasgow Herald" tournament". The Glasgow Herald. June 13, 1921. Retrieved 24 September 2014. * ^ " Golf
Golf
Kinghorn
Kinghorn
tournament – Hutchison\'s easy win". The Glasgow Herald. 16 June 1921. p. 11. * ^ "History of the Walker Cup match". 2013 Walker Cup. 2013. Retrieved August 9, 2013. * ^ "Professional International Match". The Times. February 20, 1926. p. 5. * ^ A B C D E Fry, Peter (July 2000). Samuel Ryder: The Man Behind the Ryder Cup. Wright Press. ISBN 978-0-9539087-0-7 . * ^ "Cup Offered for Golf
Golf
Match Between U.S. and British Pros". The New York Times. April 17, 1926. * ^ "The "Ryder" Trophy". The Times. April 26, 1926. p. 6. * ^ "Professional International Match". The Times. May 18, 1926. p. 3. * ^ "The "Ryder" Cup – To-day's International Match". The Times. June 4, 1926. p. 6. * ^ "The Ryder Cup". The Times. April 6, 1927. p. 7. * ^ "The History of the Ryder Cup". Ryder Cup. Retrieved 24 September 2014. * ^ Dimond, Alex (18 April 2012). "Rules ravage Pettersson\'s Ryder bid – for both teams". Out of Bounds. ESPN.co.uk . Retrieved 24 September 2014. * ^ Prior to the 2002 Ryder Cup, the PGA of America changed its eligibility rules, extending eligibility for Team USA to all individuals born with U.S. citizenship, plus those who acquired U.S. citizenship before age 18. * ^ Jack Nicklaus: My Story, by Jack Nicklaus with Ken Bowden, 2002 . * ^ " Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
Match History". Retrieved 2007-03-24. * ^ "PGA Media Guide 2012 – How The Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
Teams Have Been Chosen" (PDF). PGA. pp. 21–22. Retrieved 23 July 2012. * ^ "Yanks\' Great Golf
Golf
Good For Tie". St. Petersburg Times. Florida. Associated Press. 22 September 1969. p. 4-C. * ^ Jacobs, Raymond (22 September 1969). " Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
Climax Of Breath-Taking Excitement". The Glasgow Herald. p. 4. * ^ Brown, Gwilym S. (29 September 1969). "A tie may be like kissing your sister.." Sports Illustrated. * ^ Into the Bear Pit: The Hard-hitting Inside Story of the Brookline Ryder Cup, ISBN 1-85227-854-4 * ^ CNN report 'A Mob demonstration' * ^ " Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
2012: Europe
Europe
beat USA after record comeback". BBC. 30 September 2012. Retrieved 30 September 2012. * ^ "The Ryder Cup". The Times (48272). 5 April 1939. p. 6, column C. * ^ "The Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
Team". The Times (48390). 22 August 1939. p. 6, column E. * ^ "C Whitcombe out of Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
Team". The Times (48391). 23 August 1939. p. 6, column B. * ^ " Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
Match Cancelled". The Times (48402). 5 September 1939. p. 3, column C. * ^ "Britain postpones Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
tourney". Spokane Daily Chronicle. (Washington, U.S.). Associated Press. September 4, 1939. p. 11. * ^ " Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
golf still in doubt". Spokane Daily Chronicle. (Washington, U.S.). Associated Press. November 13, 1945. p. 12. * ^ "Officials forced to postpone Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
for one year". The Times, September 17, 2001; pg. 1. * ^ "Olympic Club to host PGA Championship
PGA Championship
in 2028, Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
in 2032". ESPN. Associated Press. November 9, 2017. * ^ "Tour History – 2001". PGA European Tour. Retrieved 28 April 2016. * ^ "Official bidding process announced for the 2022 Ryder Cup" (Press release). Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
Europe. 23 June 2014. Retrieved 24 September 2014. * ^ A B "Seven Nations express interest to host the 2022 Ryder Cup" (Press release). Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
Europe. 5 September 2014. Retrieved 24 September 2014. * ^ " Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
2022: Denmark
Denmark
pull out of contest to host event". BBC. 13 November 2014. Retrieved 18 November 2014. * ^ "The 2022 Ryder Cup: Formal Submissions Made" (Press release). Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
Europe. 30 April 2015. Retrieved 30 May 2015. * ^ "Rome to host Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
2022" (Press release). sportsmirchi.com. Retrieved 14 December 2015. * ^ "Fontana ausgewählt" (in German). Austrian Golf Federation/ÖGV. 28 January 2015. Retrieved 10 March 2015. * ^ "Fontana oder Zillertal: Zwei Optionen für den Ryder Cup
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2022" (in German). Kurier. 24 November 2014. Retrieved 1 December 2014. * ^ " Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
2022: Denmark
Denmark
pull out of contest to host event". BBC. Retrieved 13 November 2014. * ^ "Germany\'s bid for the 2022 Ryder Cup". German Golf Federation. 25 March 2015. * ^ " Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
2022: Deutschland bewirbt sich mit Brandenburger Golfplätzen" (in German). Golf
Golf
SID. 9 March 2015. Retrieved 10 March 2015. * ^ " Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
2022" (in German). Golf
Golf
Valley. Retrieved 1 December 2014. * ^ "Marco Kaussler leitet deutsche Ryder-Cup-Kampagne" (in German). pga.de. 22 September 2014. Retrieved 1 December 2014. * ^ " Hamburg
Hamburg
und Berlin
Berlin
bleiben im Rennen" (in German). golf.de. 9 December 2014. Retrieved 9 December 2014. * ^ " Italy
Italy
bids for 2022 Ryder Cup, Turkey
Turkey
pulls out". pgatour.com. 12 November 2014. Retrieved 1 December 2014. * ^ " Italy
Italy
to bid for \'22 Ryder Cup". ESPN. 12 November 2014. Retrieved 25 March 2015. * ^ "Seven Nations express interest to host the 2022 Ryder Cup". rydercup.com. 5 September 2014. Retrieved 25 March 2015. * ^ "Four nations host Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
bid inspection visits for 2022". rydercup.com. 15 April 2015. Retrieved 16 April 2015. * ^ "The 2022 Ryder Cup". golfweather.com. 24 November 2014. Retrieved 25 March 2015. * ^ " Turkey
Turkey
keeps bid to host 2022 Ryder Cup". golfweek.com. 13 November 2014. Retrieved 1 December 2014. * ^ " Turkey
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withdraws bid to host 2022 Ryder Cup". pga.com. 16 March 2015. Retrieved 25 March 2015. * ^ Haggar, Jeff (September 25, 2012). "Chronology of Ryder Cup coverage on US TV". Classic TV Sports. * ^ "The Ryder Cup
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returns to NBC". NBC
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Extends Ryder Cup
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Rights Through 2030". Variety. Retrieved 2017-07-20. * ^ "PGA of America recognizes a perfect complement in NBC
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