The runic insignia of the
1 Runes used by the SS 2 Other esoteric symbols used by the SS 3 See also 4 References
Runes used by the SS
doppelte Siegrune "Victory" or "Schutzstaffel" The sig rune (or Siegrune) symbolised victory (sieg). In its original form as the ᛋ-rune of the Younger Futhark, it represented the sun; however, von List reinterpreted it as a victory sign when he compiled his list of "Armanen runes" . It was adapted into the emblem of the SS in 1933 by Walter Heck, an SS Sturmhauptführer who worked as a graphic designer for Ferdinand Hoffstatter, a producer of emblems and insignia in Bonn. Heck's simple but striking device consisted of two sig runes drawn side by side like lightning bolts, and was soon adopted by all branches of the SS – though Heck himself received only a token payment of 2.5 Reichsmarks for his work. The device had a double meaning; as well as standing for the initials of the SS, it could be read as a rallying cry of "Victory, Victory!". The symbol became so ubiquitous that it was frequently typeset using runes rather than letters; during the Nazi period, an extra key was added to German typewriters to enable them to type the double-sig logo with a single keystroke.
Eif Zeal / enthusiasm The Eif rune is a rotated and reflected version of the ᛇ or Eihwaz rune. During the early years of the SS it was used by Hitler's personal adjutants, such as Rudolf Hess.
Ger Communal spirit The Ger rune was used to symbolise the communitarian ideal of the SS. The 11th SS Volunteer Panzergrenadier Division Nordland, a Waffen-SS unit, adopted the rune as a variant of its divisional insignia.
Faith in Nazism
The Hagal Armanen rune was widely used in the SS for its symbolic
representation of "unshakeable faith" in Nazi philosophy, as Himmler
put it. It was used in SS weddings as well as on the SS-Ehrenring
(death's head ring) worn by members of the SS. The rune was also used
as division insignia of the 6th SS Mountain Division Nord. It is
roughly similar to the ᚼ or
Odal Kinship, family and blood unity The Odal rune symbolised several values of which were of central importance to Nazi ideology. It was adopted from the Elder Futhark ᛟ-rune. During the Second World War it was used by the 7th SS Volunteer Mountain Division Prinz Eugen, as well as the SS-Rasse- und Siedlungshauptamt, which was responsible for maintaining the racial purity of the SS.
The use of the Opfer rune – which, like the Eif rune, is a
rotated version of the ᛇ or
Eihwaz rune – preceded the Nazis,
as it was first adopted after 1918 by the Stahlhelm war veterans'
movement that eventually merged with the Nazi
Tyr Leadership in battle The Tyr rune followed the design of the ᛏ or Tiwaz rune, named after Týr, the god of single combat, victory and heroic glory in Norse mythology. Its association with war meant that the SS thought of it as the "Kampf" or battle rune, symbolising military leadership. The SS commonly used it in place of the Christian cross on the grave markers of its members. It was also used by graduates of the SA Reichsführerschule, which trained SS officers until 1934; they wore it on their upper left arms. It was adopted as an emblem by the 32nd SS Volunteer Grenadier Division 30 Januar, which was assembled from the members of SS schools in January 1945, as well as by the SS Recruitment and Training Department
Other esoteric symbols used by the SS As well as List's Armanen runes, the SS used a number of other esoteric symbols. These included:
Liberty and independence
Heilszeichen Prosperity The Heilszeichen symbols appeared on the SS "death's head" ring and were used to symbolise good fortune and success.
Uniforms and insignia of the Schutzstaffel
^ "Extreme Right Wing symbols, numbers, and acronyms" (PDF). Greater Manchester Police. Retrieved 13 September 2016. ^ a b c Yenne, Bill (2010). Hitler's Master of the Dark Arts: Himmler's Black Knights and the Occult Origins of the SS. Zenith Imprint. p. 68. ISBN 978-0-7603-3778-3. [unreliable source?] ^ a b c d e f Lumsden, p. 18 ^ Yenne, p. 71 ^ Lumsden, p. 15 ^ Yenne, p. 26 ^ a b Yenne, p. 27 ^ Hermann Schwarz, Gott jenseits von theismus und pantheismus, Junker und Dünnhaupt, 1928. ^ Robert Ley, Organisationsbuch der NSDAP (1943). ^ a b c d Lumsden, p. 19
v t e
Ranks, uniforms and insignia of Nazi Germany
Heer Luftwaffe Kriegsmarine SS SA
Ranks and insignia
Comparative ranks of Nazi Germany Wehrmacht:
Nazi Party SA National Socialist Flyers Corps National Socialist Motor Corps Ordnungspolizei Volkssturm Organisation Todt Hitler Youth
Heer Luftwaffe Waffen-SS SA
List of military decorations of Nazi Germany