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Rui'an (, Wenzhounese: ''zy iu'') is a
county-level city A county-level municipality (), county-level city or county city, formerly known as prefecture-controlled city (1949–1970: ; 1970–1983: ), is a Administrative divisions of China#County level (3rd), county-level administrative div ...
along the southern coast of
Zhejiang Zhejiang (, formerly romanized as Chekiang) is an eastern, coastal Provinces of China, province of the China, People's Republic of China. Its capital and largest city is Hangzhou. Zhejiang is bordered by Jiangsu and Shanghai to the north, A ...
province, China, and is under the administration of Wenzhou City. It has a population of 1,125,000 people and covers a land area of , when including water area. Natives of the city speak the Rui'an dialect of Wu Chinese. Rui'an was recognized as the fourteenth development zone by the state department in 1987. Rui'an is also one of the top 100 cities for economic growth in China, and the people in Ruian are comparatively prosperous. There are 32 towns and villages under the administration of Rui'an city. In 1988, Ruian was listed by the State Council as one of the first counties and cities opening to the outside world, as well as one of the trial counties and cities for comprehensive economic reforms.


History

Rui'an, also known as Meitou, has a history which goes back to about 2000 BC, when it became known for its machine production. The historic city began its trade and commerce in ancient times and saw busy streets and flourishing businesses. In the 2nd century BC it was called the Kingdom of Dong'ou. Under the Tang Dynasty, it was promoted to prefecture status and given its current name in 675 AD.


Administrative divisions

Subdistricts: *Anyang Subdistrict (安阳街道), Jinhu Subdistrict (锦湖街道), Yuhai Subdistrict (玉海街道), Dongshan Subdistrict, Rui'an, Dongshan Subdistrict (东山街道), Shangwang Subdistrict (上望街道), Xincheng Subdistrict, Rui'an, Xincheng Subdistrict (莘塍街道), Tingtian Subdistrict (汀田街道), Feiyun Subdistrict (飞云街道), Xianfeng Subdistrict, Zhejiang, Xianfeng Subdistrict (仙降街道), Nanbin Subdistrict (南滨街道) Towns: *Tangxia, Zhejiang, Tangxia (塘下镇), Mayu, Zhejiang, Mayu (马屿镇), Taoshan, Zhejiang, Taoshan (陶山镇), Huling, China, Huling (湖岭镇), Gaolou, Zhejiang, Gaolou (高楼镇)


Economy

Rui'an has been a rich and prosperous city since ancient times. However, it was not until the practice of economic reform and opening that Rui'an regained its momentum. The people of Rui'an have been pioneers in many fields, especially in the development of China's market economy in the form of joint-stock system. They set up the household contract responsibility system which would encourage the citizens to take lead in the household industries, and they tried their best to sell their products. Consequently, Rui'an experienced fast economic development. The government induced the rural entrepreneurs and shareholders to cooperate effectively. Many kinds of economic systems have been introduced in Rui'an, making regional development speedier. One such system is the famous “Wenzhou Pattern“, which became well known both in China and abroad. In 2005, Rui'an ranked 39th place in comprehensive economic strength among the first 100 counties and cities of china. In the 20 square kilometer economic development zone at the provincial level, there is enthusiasm for capital investment in building Rui'an into a new urban area with comprehensive development of industry, trade, science and technology. Rui'an is also known for its production of plastics and auto accessories.


Transportation

The infrastructure of Rui'an has improved, with an ever-quickening pace of urbanization. Now, it has modernized traffic control, transportation and communication systems. The Wenzhou Yongqiang Airport, a 10,000-ton seaport and the local railway station are each less than 30 kilometers from the city proper. The G15 Shenyang–Haikou Expressway, coastal highway and the China National Highway 104, No. 104 state highway which run through the city, and the Rui'an railway station, Rui'an station on the Wenzhou–Fuzhou railway are a few significant examples of developments in transportation in Rui'an.


Resources

As a coastal city, Rui'an is rich in natural resources and has several salt mines. Situated about 100 nautical miles away from the estuary of Feiyunjiang, there lies the seabed rich in crude oil and natural gas, which are now being prospected and planned to be excavated.


Notable people

* Li Qiang (born 1959), Party Secretary of Shanghai * Pan Wuyun (Chinese: 潘悟云; born March 1943) is a leading Chinese linguist and specialist in historical Chinese phonology * Pan Feihong (潘飞鸿, born 1989) Chinese rower from Rui'an who represented her country at the 2016 Summer Olympics * Zhang Wenhong (张文宏, born 1969) is a Chinese doctor


References

{{County-level divisions of Zhejiang County-level cities in Zhejiang