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The RUGBY FOOTBALL UNION (RFU) is the governing body for rugby union in England. It was founded in 1871, and was the sport's international governing body prior to the formation of what is now known as World Rugby (WR) in 1886. It promotes and runs the sport, organises international matches for the England national team , and educates and trains players and officials.

The RFU is an industrial and provident society owned by over 2,000 member clubs, representing over 2.5 million registered players, and forms the largest rugby union society in the world, and one of the largest sports organisations in England. It is based at Twickenham Stadium , London.

In September 2010 the equivalent women's rugby body, the Rugby Football Union for Women (RFUW), was able to nominate a member to the RFU Council to represent women and girls rugby. The RFUW was integrated into the RFU in July 2012.

CONTENTS

* 1 Early history (19th century)

* 1.1 Formation * 1.2 Northern clubs secede – Rugby League

* 2 The modern era (1970 – present) * 3 Structure * 4 RFU World Championship winning teams (7) * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links

EARLY HISTORY (19TH CENTURY)

The First England Team, 1871, in the 1st international, vs Scotland in Edinburgh, Scotland won by 1 goal another version is that he went to a venue of the same name where, after consuming a number of drinks, he realised his mistake but was too drunk to make his way to the correct venue. Plaque marking the foundation location of the RFU

As a result of this meeting the Rugby Football Union
Rugby Football Union
(RFU) was founded. Algernon Rutter was elected as the first president of the RFU, and Edwin Ash was elected as treasurer. Three lawyers who were Rugby School
Rugby School
alumni (Rutter, Holmes and L.J. Maton) drew up the first laws of the game, which were approved in June 1871.

Although similar unions were organised during the next few years in Ireland, Wales, Scotland, New Zealand, Australia, France, Canada, South Africa, and the United States, the RFU was the first and therefore had no need to distinguish itself from others by calling itself the English RFU.

NORTHERN CLUBS SECEDE – RUGBY LEAGUE

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Twenty-two rugby clubs from across the north of England met on 29 August 1895 in the George Hotel in Huddersfield, where they voted to secede from the Rugby Football Union
Rugby Football Union
and set up the Northern Rugby Football Union (later renamed the Rugby Football League). The RFU took strong action against the clubs involved in the formation of the NRFU, all of whom were deemed to have forfeited their amateur status and therefore to have left the RFU. A similar interpretation was applied to all players who played either for or against such clubs, whether or not they received any compensation. These players were barred indefinitely from any involvement in organised rugby union. These comprehensive and enduring sanctions, combined with the very localised nature of most rugby competition, meant that most northern clubs had little practical option but to affiliate with the NRFU in the first few years of its existence.

THE MODERN ERA (1970 – PRESENT)

The RFU long resisted competitions and leagues fearing that they would encourage foul play and professionalism. The first club competition, then known as the R.F.U. Club Competition, took place in 1972. Following a sponsorship agreement it became known as the John Player Cup in 1976.

The RFU agreed to the formation of a league pyramid in 1987.

In 2005 the RFU began talks about a merger with the governing body for women's rugby union the RFUW . In September 2010 the RFUW was able to nominate a member to the RFU Council to represent women and girls rugby. The RFUW was integrated into the RFU in July 2012.

STRUCTURE

In response to the faltering results of the England national team, Rob Andrew was appointed on 18 August 2006 by the RFU to the post of Director of Elite Rugby, to oversee all aspects of representative rugby in England from the regional academies to the full senior side, including senior team selection powers and the power to hire and fire coaches at all levels of English rugby. Andrew also had the task of building bridges with the premiership clubs and the RFU in terms of players withdrawal from their club duties for international duties. On 6 January 2011 his role of Director of Elite Rugby was scrapped in an overhaul of the organisation's structure.

Chief executive John Steele opted to create a single rugby department divided into the areas of performance, operations and development with the emphasis on "delivering rugby at all levels", with each area having its own director.

RFU WORLD CHAMPIONSHIP WINNING TEAMS (7)

Re-excommunication: cartoon by J. M. Staniforth . The RFU is represented as a religious cabal, expelling Arthur "Monkey" Gould from their "church" over the "Gould Affair". Gould, in his Newport jersey, appears unconcerned.

ENGLAND MEN\\'S SENIOR TEAM

* 2003

ENGLAND WOMEN\\'S SENIOR TEAM

* 1994 , 2014

ENGLAND MEN\\'S UNDER-20

* 2013 , 2014 , 2016

ENGLAND MEN\\'S SEVENS

* 1993

SEE ALSO

* Army Rugby Union * County Championship * Rugby union
Rugby union
in England

REFERENCES

* ^ Official Site of FIRA Archived January 5, 2008, at the Wayback Machine . * ^ "Beaumont appointed RFU Chairman". RFU. Archived from the original on February 26, 2013. Retrieved 11 July 2012. * ^ "Careers and Vacancies at the RFU". Rugby Football Union. Archived from the original on January 9, 2011. * ^ "International Rugby Board - England". International Rugby Board. * ^ Steve Lewis, One Among Equals, page 9, 2008, (Vertical Editions:London) * ^ "Rob Andrew\'s role at RFU scrapped in overhaul". BBC News. 6 January 2011. Retrieved 29 July 2014.

* Collins, Tony (2009); A Social History of English Rugby Union, Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-47660-7

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