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Rudolf Kempe
Rudolf Kempe
(born 14 June 1910 in Dresden, died 12 May 1976 in Zürich) was a German conductor.

Contents

1 Biography 2 Career

2.1 Opera 2.2 Orchestral

3 References 4 External links

Biography[edit] Kempe was born in Dresden, where from the age of fourteen he studied at the Dresden
Dresden
State Opera School. He played oboe in the opera orchestra of Dortmund
Dortmund
and then in the Leipzig Gewandhaus
Leipzig Gewandhaus
orchestra, from 1929. In addition to oboe, he played the piano regularly, as a soloist, in chamber music or accompanying, as a result of which, in 1933, the new Director of the Leipzig Opera invited Kempe to become a répétiteur, and later a conductor, for the opera.[1] During the Second World War
Second World War
Kempe was conscripted into the army, but instead of active service was directed into musical activities, playing for the troops and later taking over the chief conductorship of the Chemnitz
Chemnitz
opera house.[1] Career[edit] Opera[edit] Kempe directed the Dresden
Dresden
Opera and the Staatskapelle Dresden
Dresden
from 1949 to 1952, making his first records, including Der Rosenkavalier, Die Meistersinger
Die Meistersinger
and Der Freischütz. ‘He obtains some superlative playing from the Dresden
Dresden
orchestra,’ commented The Record Guide.[2] He maintained a relationship with the Dresden
Dresden
orchestra for the rest of his life, making some of his best-known records with them during the stereo era. His international career began with engagements at the Vienna State Opera in the 1951 season, for which he conducted Die Zauberflöte, Simon Boccanegra, and Capriccio.[1] He was invited to succeed Georg Solti
Georg Solti
as chief conductor of the Bavarian State Opera
Bavarian State Opera
in Munich
Munich
from 1952 to 1954, and was permitted by the East German authorities to do so without severing his ties with Dresden.[1] In 1953 Kempe appeared with the Munich
Munich
company at the Royal Opera House
Royal Opera House
in London, where the General Administrator, Sir David Webster, quickly decided that Kempe would be an ideal Musical Director for Covent Garden. Kempe declined the appointment, and did not accept the top job at any opera house after leaving Munich
Munich
in 1954. He nonetheless conducted frequently at Covent Garden and was immensely popular there,[1] leading among other works, Salome, Elektra, Der Rosenkavalier, Der Ring des Nibelungen, Un Ballo in Maschera and Madama Butterfly, of which the critic Andrew Porter compared Kempe’s operatic conducting favourably with that of Arturo Toscanini and Victor de Sabata.[3] As a guest conductor, Kempe frequently revisited Munich
Munich
conducting mostly the Italian repertory. Kempe’s début at the Bayreuth Festspielhaus
Bayreuth Festspielhaus
was in 1960. The Ring cycle he conducted there in that year was notable for multiple casting, with the role of Wotan split between Hermann Uhde and Jerome Hines, and Brünnhilde between Astrid Varnay and Birgit Nilsson. Orchestral[edit] Kempe was associated with the Royal Philharmonic
Royal Philharmonic
(RPO) from 1955. In 1960, he became its Associate Conductor, chosen by the orchestra's founder, Sir Thomas Beecham.[4] From 1961 to 1962 he was Principal Conductor of the RPO, and from 1963 to 1975 its Artistic Director. A member of the RPO later said of Kempe, "He was a wonderful controller of the orchestra, and a very great accompanist ... Kempe was like someone driving a racing-car, following the piano round the bends."[5] Kempe abolished Beecham's male-only rule, introducing women into the RPO: an orchestra without them, he said, "always reminds me of the army."[1] In 1970, the RPO named him Conductor for Life, but in 1975, he resigned his post with the orchestra.[6] From 1965 to 1972 Kempe worked with Tonhalle Orchester Zurich, and from 1967 to his death conducted the Munich
Munich
Philharmonic, with whom he made international tours and recorded the first quadraphonic set of the Beethoven
Beethoven
symphonies. In the final months of his life, Kempe was the chief conductor of the BBC Symphony Orchestra. The opening concert of the Henry Wood Promenade Concerts on 16 July 1976, in which he was to have conducted his BBC forces in Beethoven's Missa solemnis, became a memorial concert for him following Kempe's death in Zürich, two months earlier, aged 65.[7] References[edit]

^ a b c d e f Alan Blyth (February 1974). " Rudolf Kempe
Rudolf Kempe
interview and profile". The Gramophone. pp. 1,547.  ^ Sackville-West, Edward; Shawe-Taylor, Desmond (1955). The Record Guide. London: Collins. p. 746. OCLC 59019008.  ^ Haltrecht, Montague (1975). The Quiet Showman. London: Collins. pp. 186, 189. ISBN 0-00-211163-2.  ^ R.E. (1976). "Rudolf Kempe: Obituary". The Musical Times. 117 (1601): 596.  ^ Previn, André (ed) (1979). Orchestra. London: Macdonald and Jane's. p. 164. ISBN 0-354-04420-6. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) ^ Forbes, Elizabeth; Kempe-Oettinger, Cordula (August 1979). "Views of Kempe review of Rudolf Kempe: Pictures of a Life by Cordula Kempe-Oettinger". The Musical Times. Musical Times Publications Ltd. 120 (1638): 653–654. doi:10.2307/962474. JSTOR 962474.  ^ Cox, David (1980). The Henry Wood Proms. London: BBC. p. 242. ISBN 0-563-17697-0. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rudolf Kempe.

Rudolf Kempe
Rudolf Kempe
at AllMusic

Cultural offices

Preceded by Georg Solti General Music Director, Bavarian State Opera 1952–1954 Succeeded by Ferenc Fricsay

v t e

Principal Conductors of the Staatskapelle Dresden

Julius Rietz
Julius Rietz
(1874) Franz Wüllner
Franz Wüllner
(1877) Ernst von Schuch
Ernst von Schuch
(1884) Fritz Reiner
Fritz Reiner
(1914) Fritz Busch
Fritz Busch
(1922) Karl Böhm
Karl Böhm
(1934) Karl Elmendorff
Karl Elmendorff
(1943) Joseph Keilberth
Joseph Keilberth
(1945) Rudolf Kempe
Rudolf Kempe
(1949) Franz Konwitschny
Franz Konwitschny
(1953) Lovro von Matačić
Lovro von Matačić
(1956) Otmar Suitner
Otmar Suitner
(1960) Kurt Sanderling
Kurt Sanderling
(1964) Martin Turnovský (1966) Herbert Blomstedt
Herbert Blomstedt
(1975) Hans Vonk (1985) Giuseppe Sinopoli
Giuseppe Sinopoli
(1992) Bernard Haitink
Bernard Haitink
(2002) Fabio Luisi
Fabio Luisi
(2007) Christian Thielemann
Christian Thielemann
(2012)

v t e

Bayerisches Staatsorchester General Music Directors

Franz Lachner
Franz Lachner
(1836) Hans von Bülow
Hans von Bülow
(1867) Franz Wüllner
Franz Wüllner
(1870) Hermann Levi
Hermann Levi
(1872) Richard Strauss
Richard Strauss
(1894) Hermann Zumpe
Hermann Zumpe
(1901) Felix Mottl
Felix Mottl
(1904) Bruno Walter
Bruno Walter
(1913) Hans Knappertsbusch
Hans Knappertsbusch
(1922) Clemens Krauss
Clemens Krauss
(1937) Hans Knappertsbusch
Hans Knappertsbusch
(1945) Georg Solti
Georg Solti
(1946) Rudolf Kempe
Rudolf Kempe
(1952) Ferenc Fricsay (1956) Joseph Keilberth
Joseph Keilberth
(1959) Wolfgang Sawallisch
Wolfgang Sawallisch
(1971) Peter Schneider (1992) Zubin Mehta
Zubin Mehta
(1998) Kent Nagano
Kent Nagano
(2006) Kirill Petrenko (2013)

v t e

Royal Philharmonic
Royal Philharmonic
Orchestra Principal Conductors

Thomas Beecham
Thomas Beecham
(1946) Rudolf Kempe
Rudolf Kempe
(1961) Antal Doráti
Antal Doráti
(1975) Walter Weller (1980) André Previn
André Previn
(1985) Vladimir Ashkenazy
Vladimir Ashkenazy
(1987) Yuri Temirkanov
Yuri Temirkanov
(1992) Daniele Gatti
Daniele Gatti
(1996) Charles Dutoit
Charles Dutoit
(2009)

v t e

Tonhalle-Orchester Zürich
Zürich
Principal Conductors

Friedrich Hegar
Friedrich Hegar
(1868) Volkmar Andreae (1906) Erich Schmid (1949) Hans Rosbaud (1957) Rudolf Kempe
Rudolf Kempe
(1965) Charles Dutoit
Charles Dutoit
(1967) Gerd Albrecht
Gerd Albrecht
(1975) Christoph Eschenbach
Christoph Eschenbach
(1982) Hiroshi Wakasugi (1987) David Zinman (1995) Lionel Bringuier (2014)

v t e

Munich
Munich
Philharmonic Music Directors

Hans Winderstein
Hans Winderstein
(1893) Hermann Zumpe
Hermann Zumpe
(1895) Ferdinand Löwe
Ferdinand Löwe
(1897) Felix Weingartner
Felix Weingartner
(1898) Georg Schnéevoigt
Georg Schnéevoigt
(1905) Ferdinand Löwe
Ferdinand Löwe
(1908) Hans Pfitzner
Hans Pfitzner
(1919) Siegmund von Hausegger
Siegmund von Hausegger
(1920) Oswald Kabasta
Oswald Kabasta
(1938) Hans Rosbaud (1945) Fritz Rieger (1949) Rudolf Kempe
Rudolf Kempe
(1967) Sergiu Celibidache
Sergiu Celibidache
(1979) James Levine
James Levine
(1999) Christian Thielemann
Christian Thielemann
(2004) Lorin Maazel
Lorin Maazel
(2012) Valery Gergiev
Valery Gergiev
(2015)

v t e

BBC Symphony Orchestra
BBC Symphony Orchestra
Chief Conductors

Adrian Boult
Adrian Boult
(1930) Malcolm Sargent (1950) Rudolf Schwarz (1957) Antal Doráti
Antal Doráti
(1962) Colin Davis
Colin Davis
(1967) Pierre Boulez
Pierre Boulez
(1971) Rudolf Kempe
Rudolf Kempe
(1976) Gennady Rozhdestvensky
Gennady Rozhdestvensky
(1978) John Pritchard (1982) Andrew Davis (1989) Leonard Slatkin
Leonard Slatkin
(2000) Jiří Bělohlávek
Jiří Bělohlávek
(2006) Sakari Oramo (2013)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 64192278 LCCN: n81147250 ISNI: 0000 0001 1658 8695 GND: 118561286 SUDOC: 078617936 BNF: cb138959297 (data) MusicBrainz: 26ec09ce-7eae-42ab-839f-998522ab6889 NDL: 00857

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