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The Royal Standard of Thailand (Thai: ธงมหาราช Thong Maharat) is the official flag of the King of Thailand. The present form was adopted in 1910 under Vajiravudh (Rama VI), superseding the first Royal Standard created by Mongkut in 1855. In 1979, the designs were codified by law; specifically in Article 2 of the Flag Act of 1979 (พระราชบัญญัติธง พ.ศ. ๒๕๒๒), which also regulated Thailand's other flags. The standard is currently used by Maha Vajiralongkorn, also known as Rama X, since 2016.

Description

The Royal Standard consists of a bright yellow square with a red Royal Garuda at the center. The mythical Hindu and Buddhist beast, the Garuda, is the national emblem and the official symbol or 'arms' of the King. The Garuda has been the symbol of the monarchy since Ayutthaya. Readopted in 1910, Vajiravudh decided to replace all of the Royal Standards to feature the Garuda.[1]

Uses

The standards are usually hoisted at the King's palace of residence, sea or land vehicles and as an emblem on the side of the royal aircraft. The standard is also used on ceremonial occasions and official business by the King. The use of these standards are reserved exclusively to the monarchy and are not commonly seen. Unlike the King's personal flag which are commonly seen all over Thailand, usually flying alongside the National flag.

Other members of the royal family

The Law also adopted flags for other members of the Royal Family as well as the Regent of Thailand.

Standard Dates Use Details
Standard of HM Queen Sirikit the Queen Mother of Thailand.svg
2019 - Standard of Queen Sirikit the Queen Mother
(ธงสมเด็จพระบรมราชชนนีพันปีหลวง: Thong Somdet Phra Borommaratchonnani Phanpi Luang)
Similar to the Royal Standard in the ratio of 2:3 with swallow-tail end and the royal monogram of Queen Sirikit at the canton.[2]
Queen's Standard of Thailand.svg
1910 - Standard of the Queen of Thailand
(ธงราชินี: Thong Rajini)
Similar to the Royal Standard in the ratio of 2:3 with swallow-tail end. Currently used by Queen Suthida.
Boromrajawong Yai Flag of Thailand.svg
1979 - Standard for other senior members of the Royal Family (Most

The Royal Standard consists of a bright yellow square with a red Royal Garuda at the center. The mythical Hindu and Buddhist beast, the Garuda, is the national emblem and the official symbol or 'arms' of the King. The Garuda has been the symbol of the monarchy since Ayutthaya. Readopted in 1910, Vajiravudh decided to replace all of the Royal Standards to feature the Garuda.[1]

Uses

The standards are usually hoisted at the King's palace of residence, sea or land vehicles and as an emblem on the side of the royal aircraft. The standard is also used on ceremonial occasions and official business by the King. The use of these standards are reserved exclusively to the monarchy and are not commonly seen. Unlike the King's personal flag which are commonly seen all over Thailand, usually flying alongside the National flag.

Other members of the royal family

The Law also adopted flags for other members of the Royal Family as well as the Regent of Thailand.

Standard Dates Use Details
Standard of HM Queen Sirikit the Queen Mother of Thailand.svgpersonal flag which are commonly seen all over Thailand, usually flying alongside the National flag.

Other members of the royal family

In 1891, King Chulalongkorn (Rama V) decided to promulgate a new law to reform the Royal Standard and create for the first time ranks flags for members of the Royal Family. The Royal Standard was changed by adding the new Arms of Dominion, which is a golden shield divided into three parts. The first in yellow depicts a three-headed mythical elephant representing Siam, the second quarter in red depicts a single white elephant for Laos (Lan Xang) and the third quarter in pink depicts two crossed Krisses for the Malay suzerainty (Siam was later forced to relinquish these territories by the French and British, respectively). Inside the crown the symbol for the Chakri Dynasty is added; it depicts an intertwined Chakra and Trisula. The flag ratio is 5:6 The name of the Royal Standard was then changed to 'Thong Boromrajathawat Maha Siaminthra' (ธงบรมราชธวัชมหาสยามินทร์), A few years later in 1897 the name was permanently changed to 'Thong Maharaj'.

The King retained the second colours by replacing the Unalom with his own Royal cypher (จ ป ร, derive from "จุฬาลงกรณ์ รมาชาธิราช": Chulalongkorn Paramarajadhiraja; equivalent to Chulalongkorn Rex), which in turn is topped by the Royal Coronet or Phra Kiao (พระเกี้ยว). The name of this flag was also changed to the 'Thong Chudhathipathai' (ธงจุฑาธิปไตย).

'Thong Boromrajathawat Maha Siaminthra' (ธงบรมราชธวัชมหาสยามินทร์), the King;'s standard in 1891-1897.
'Thong Maharaj' (ธงมหาราช), the King's standard in 1897-1910.
'Thong Chudhathipathai' (ธงจุฑาธิปไตย), 'Absence' standard, with the Royal Cypher of King Rama V

Other members of the royal family

Standard Dates Use Details
Standard of Siamese Royal Family.svg
1891–1897 Standard for other members of the Chakri Dynasty
(ธงเยาวราชธวัช: Thong Yaowaratthawat)
A red flag with the Royal Shield with the Chakra and Trisula above.
Standard of the Queen of Siam.svg
1897–1910 Standard of the Queen of Siam Similar to the Royal Standard in the ratio of 2:3 with swallow-tail end.
Standard of the Crown Prince of Siam.svg
1897–1910 Standard of the Crown Prince of Siam A dark blue flag with the Royal Arms with the Crown, Chakra and Trisula in the center on a platform with two Royal Five-tiered Umbrellas to the side.
Standard of the Crown Princess of Siam.svg
1897–1910 Standard for the Consort of the Crown Prince of Siam Dark blue rectangle with the ratio of 2:3. Similar to the Crown Prince's Standard, the flag is however swallow-tail.
Standard of the Princes of Siam.svg
1897–1910 Standard for the King's sons and brothers Dark blue square with the Royal Arms with the Crown, Chakra and Trisula in the center.
Standard of the Princesses of Siam.svg
1899–1910 Standard for the King's daughters and sisters Similar to the Standard for the male royalty in the ratio of 2:3 with swallow-tail end.

Sixth reign

In 1910 Vajiravudh replaced the Royal Standard and Royal rank flags to mirror the change of the national emblem from the Coat of Arms of Siam to the Royal Garuda. These flags are retained and in use to this day. Six years later he also redesigned the national flag and naval ensigns.

See also

References

  1. ^ "พระราชบัญญัติธง รัตนโกสินทร์ ศก ๑๒๙ ๑๒ มีนาคม พ.ศ. ๒๔๕๓" (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette (๒๗ ๐ก). 1910-03-12. Retrieved 2018-10-17.
  2. ^ a b c ราชกิจจานุเบกษา, ระเบียบส่วนราชการในพระองค์ว่าด้วยการใช้ การเชิญ การแสดงธงพระอิสริยยศและการถวายความเคารพโดยใช้ธงชัยเฉลิมพล พ.ศ. ๒๕๖๒, เล่ม 136, ตอนพิเศษ 117 ง, 10 พฤษภาคม พ.ศ. 2562, หน้า 2-12

External links