In the English and British tradition, the royal prerogative of mercy
is one of the historic royal prerogatives of the British monarch, in
which he or she can grant pardons (informally known as a royal pardon)
to convicted persons. The royal prerogative of mercy was originally
used to permit the monarch to withdraw, or provide alternatives to
death sentences; the alternative of penal transportation to "partes
abroade" has been used since at least 1617. It is now used to
change any sentence or penalty. A royal pardon does not itself
overturn a conviction.
Officially, this is a power of the monarch. Formally, in Commonwealth
realms, this has been delegated to the Governor-General of the realm,
which in practice means to government ministers who advise the monarch
or viceroy, usually those responsible for justice. Specifically, it
has been delegated to the Lord Chancellor in England and Wales; the
Recipients of British royal pardons
Recipients of Canadian royal pardons
^ Acts of the Privy Council of England, Colonial Series, Vol. I, 1613-1680, p.12. (1908) ^ a b "The Governor-General - The Royal Prerogative of Mercy". Te Kawana Tianara o Aotearoa. Retrieved 17 June 2013. ^ "Royal Prerogative of Mercy - Fact Sheet". Parole Board of Canada. 4 November 2008. ^ " Royal prerogative of mercy and referral of matters to state and territory courts". Attorney General's Department. Retrieved 26 December 2013. ^ Magrath, Paul (8 July 1993). "Law Report: Court recommends Bentley pardon: Regina v Secretary of State for the Home Department, ex parte Bentley - Queen's Bench Divisional Court (Lord Justice Watkins, Lord Justice Neill and Mr Justice Tuckey)". The Independent. London. Retrieved 24 December 2013. ^  ^ 
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