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The Royal Norwegian Order of Saint Olav (Norwegian: Den Kongelige Norske Sankt Olavs Orden; or Sanct Olafs Orden, the old Norwegian name) is a Norwegian order of chivalry instituted by King Oscar I
King Oscar I
on August 21, 1847. It is named after King Olav II, known to posterity as St. Olav. Just before the union with Sweden
Sweden
was dissolved in 1905, the Order of the Norwegian Lion was instituted in 1904 by King Oscar II, but no appointments were awarded by his successor, King Haakon VII. The Order of St. Olav thus became the kingdom's only order of chivalry for the next 80 years. The Grand Master of the order is the reigning monarch of Norway. It is used to reward individuals for remarkable accomplishments on behalf of the country and humanity. Since 1985, appointments to the order has only been conferred upon Norwegian citizens, though foreign heads of state and royalty may be appointed as a matter of courtesy.

Contents

1 Grades and classes 2 Insignia 3 Eligibility and appointment 4 Ranking 5 Current holders of the Grand Cross 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Grades and classes[edit] The reigning monarch of Norway
Norway
is the order's Grand Master.[1] The order consists of three grades, of which two are divided into two classes, and may be awarded for either civilian or military contributions, in descending order of distinction. The collar is awarded as a separate distinction of the Grand Cross
Grand Cross
to those recipients deemed exceptionally worthy.

Grand Cross
Grand Cross
(Storkors)  – awarded to heads of state as a courtesy and in rare cases to individuals for merit; wears the badge on a collar (chain), plus the star on the left chest. If the collar is not worn the badge may be worn on a sash on the right shoulder; Commander, which is divided into two classes:

Commander with Star (Kommandør med stjerne)  – wears the badge on a necklet, plus the star on the left chest; Commander (Kommandør)  – wears the badge on a necklet;

Knight, which is divided into two classes:

Knight
Knight
1st Class (Ridder av 1. klasse)  – wears the badge on a ribbon on the left chest; Knight
Knight
(Ridder)  – wears the badge on a ribbon on the left chest.

Ribbon bars

Grand Cross
Grand Cross
with Collar

Grand Cross

Commander with Star

Commander

Knight
Knight
1st Class

Knight

Insignia[edit]

The Star of The Order of Saint Olav

Design of the collar of the Order of St. Olav
Order of St. Olav
since 1906.

The collar of the Order is in gold, with five enamelled and crowned monograms "O" (for "Oscar", the royal cipher of Oscar I, the Order's founder), five enamelled and crowned coat-of-arms of Norway, and 10 gold crosses bottony each flanked by two battle axes with silver blades and golden shafts (The latter element is also featured in the coat of arms of the Church of Norway). The badge of the Order is a white enamelled Maltese Cross, in silver for the knight class and in gilt of the higher classes; crowned monograms "O" (for "Oscar") appear between the arms of the cross. The obverse central disc is red with the golden Norwegian lion rampart bearing a battle axe; the reverse disc bears the King Oscar's motto «Ret og Sandhed»  – "Justice and Truth" in Norwegian; both discs are surrounded by a white-blue-white ring. The cross is topped by a crown; military awards have crossed swords between the crown and the cross. The star of the Order for the Grand Cross
Grand Cross
is an eight-pointed silver star with faceted rays, bearing the obverse of the badge of the Order (minus the crown on the top). The star for Commander with Star is a silver faceted Maltese Cross, with gilt crowned monograms "O" (for "Oscar") between the arms of the cross. The central disc is red with the golden Norwegian lion rampart bearing a battle axe, surrounded by a white-blue-white ring.[2] The ribbon of the Order is red with white-blue-white edge stripes. In very exceptional circumstances the Order may be awarded 'with diamonds', in which case a ring of diamonds replaces the white-blue-white enamel ring surrounding the central disc on the front of the badge. The insignia are expected to be returned either upon the receiver's advancement to a higher level of the order or upon his or her death. The insignia are produced in Norway
Norway
by craftsmen. Eligibility and appointment[edit] The King makes appointments upon the recommendation of a six-member commission, none of whom may be a member of the government, consisting of a chancellor, vice chancellor, the Lord Chamberlain (acting as treasurer), and three other representatives. The Lord Chamberlain nominates the members of the commission, and the monarch approves them.[3] Nominations to the order are directed at the commission through the county governor. Princes and Princesses with succession rights to the throne are appointed to the highest degree upon reaching their age of majority.[4] Ranking[edit] The Order of St. Olav
Order of St. Olav
is the highest civilian honour currently conferred by Norway
Norway
and only ranks after the military War Cross among all Norwegian decorations still awarded in the general ranking. In the order of precedence used at the royal court of Norway, bearers of the Royal Norwegian Order of St. Olav
Order of St. Olav
with collar are ranked 15th in the order of precedence, directly after the Mistress of the Robes and generals and directly before recipients of the War Cross with Sword. Bearers of the Grand Cross
Grand Cross
of the Royal Norwegian Order of St. Olav are ranked 16th. Current holders of the Grand Cross[edit] This list contains holders of the Grand Cross, some of whom have also been awarded the Collar and gives the year of their appointment. The list is collated alphabetically by the last name; those recipients not possessing the last name, such as royalty and most Icelanders are collated by the first name. Six of the listed are not heads of states or royals; these are marked by names in bold. Before the Royal Norwegian Order of Merit was created in 1985, appointments to the Order of St Olav was awarded to members of a foreign delegation during state visits. Many holders of the Grand Cross
Grand Cross
who are not heads of state are not listed here. This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it.

Country Name Charge Grand Cross with Collar Grand Cross Year

 Argentina Mauricio Macri President

Y 2018

 Austria Heinz Fischer President

Y 2007

 Belgium Albert II Former King Y

1964

 Belgium Mathilde Queen

Y 2003

 Belgium Paola Former Queen

Y 1997

 Belgium Philippe King

Y 2003

 Brazil Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva Former President

Y 2003

 Bulgaria Georgi Parvanov Former President

Y 2006

 Croatia Ivo Josipović Former president

Y 2011

 Denmark Benedikte Princess

Y 1974

 Denmark Frederik Crown Prince

Y 1990

 Denmark Joachim Prince

Y 1991

 Denmark Margrethe II Queen Y

1958

 Denmark Marie Princess

Y 2014

 Denmark Mary Crown Princess

Y 2005

 Estonia Toomas Hendrik Ilves President

Y 2014

 Estonia Arnold Rüütel Former President

Y 2002

 Finland Martti Ahtisaari Former President

Y 1994

 Finland Tellervo Koivisto Former President's wife

Y 1983

 Finland Sauli Niinistö President

Y 2012

 Finland Tarja Halonen Former President

Y 2000

 France Jacques Chirac Former President

Y 2000

 France Valéry Giscard d'Estaing Former President (when Minister of Finance)

Y 1962

 Germany Joachim Gauck President

Y 2014

 Germany Horst Köhler Former President

Y 2007

 Germany Marianne von Weizsäcker Former first lady

Y 1986

Greece Constantine II Former King Y Y 1964, 1962

 Iran Farah Pahlavi Former Empress

Y 1965

 Iceland Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson Former President

Y 1998

 Iceland Vigdís Finnbogadóttir Former President Y

1982

 Italy Sergio Mattarella President

Y 2016

 Japan Akihito Emperor Y Y 2001, 1953

 Japan Masako Crown Princess

Y 2001

 Japan Michiko Empress

Y 2001

 Japan Naruhito Crown Prince

Y 2001

 Japan Nobuko Princess

Y 2001

 Jordan Abdullah II King

Y 2000

 Jordan Hassan Prince (when Crown Prince)

Y ?

 Jordan Rania Queen

Y 2000

 Latvia Guntis Ulmanis Former President

Y 1998

 Latvia Vaira Vīķe-Freiberga Former President

Y 2000

 Latvia Andris Bērziņš President

Y 2015

 Lithuania Valdas Adamkus Former President

Y 1998

 Lithuania Dalia Grybauskaitė President

Y 2011

 Luxembourg Henri Grand Duke Y

2011

 Luxembourg Jean Former Grand Duke Y

1964

 Luxembourg Maria Teresa Grand Duchess

Y 1996

 Netherlands Beatrix Former Queen (when Princess) Y

1964

 Netherlands Margriet Princess

Y 1964

 Netherlands Willem-Alexander King

Y 1996

 Netherlands Máxima Queen

Y 2013

 Norway Astrid Princess Y

1956

 Norway Kjell Magne Bondevik Former Prime Minister

Y 2004

 Norway Lars Petter Forberg Former Lord Chamberlain of the Royal Household

Y 2004

 Norway Åge Bernhard Grutle Lord Chamberlain of the Royal Household

Y 2015

 Norway Haakon Crown Prince Y

1991

 Norway Magne Hagen Former Cabinet Secretary to the King

Y 2000

 Norway Harald V King Y Grand Master

1955, 1991

 Norway Märtha Louise Princess Y

1989

 Norway Mette-Marit Crown Princess Y Y 2001, 2016

 Norway Edvard Moser Professor, psychologist and neuroscientist, Nobel laureat

Y 2018

 Norway May-Britt Moser Professor, psychologist and neuroscientist, Nobel laureat

Y 2018

 Norway Arne Omholt Marshal of the Court

Y 2016

 Norway Carsten Smith Former Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Norway

Y 2003

 Norway Sonja Queen Y

1972

 Norway Berit Tversland Cabinet Secretary to the King

Y 2012

 Poland Andrzej Duda President

Y 2016

 Poland Bronislaw Komorowski Former President

Y 2012

 Poland Aleksander Kwaśniewski Former President

Y 1996

 Poland Lech Wałęsa Former President

Y 1995

 Portugal António Ramalho Eanes Former President Y

1978

 Portugal Jorge Sampaio Former President

Y 2004

 Portugal Aníbal Cavaco Silva President

Y 2008

 Romania Emil Constantinescu Former President

Y 1999

 Slovakia Ivan Gašparovič President

Y 2010

 Slovenia Danilo Türk Former President

Y 2011

 Spain Cristina Princess

Y 1995

 Spain Elena Princess

Y 1995

 Spain Felipe King

Y 1995

 Spain Juan Carlos I Former King Y

1982

 Spain Sofía Former Queen

Y 1982

 Sweden Carl XVI Gustaf King Y

1974

 Sweden Carl Philip Prince

Y 2005

 Sweden Christina Princess

Y 1992

 Sweden Désirée Princess

Y 1992

 Sweden Madeleine Princess

Y 2005

 Sweden Silvia Queen

Y 1982

 Sweden Victoria Crown Princess

Y 1995

 Thailand Sirikit Former Queen

Y 1965

 Turkey Abdullah Gül Former president

Y 2013

 United Kingdom Elizabeth II Queen Y

1955

 United Kingdom Philip Prince consort and Duke of Edinburgh Y

1952

 United Kingdom Andrew Prince and Duke of York

Y 1988

 United Kingdom Charles Prince of Wales Y

1978

 United Kingdom Edward Prince and Duke of Kent

Y 1988

 United Kingdom Richard Prince and Duke of Gloucester

Y 1973

See also[edit]

Orders, decorations, and medals of Norway St Olav's medal

References[edit]

^ Statutes, §2 ^ "Utnevnelse til St. Olavs Orden". Retrieved 21 September 2014.  ^ section 5, Statues of the Order of St. Olav ^ section 3, Statues of the Order of St. Olav

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Order of St. Olav.

The Order of St. Olav
Order of St. Olav
Website of the Royal Court Statues of the Order of St. Olav
Order of St. Olav
(in Norwegian) Website of the Royal Court

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 182172306 LCCN: no2011135

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