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The Royal Australian Air Force
Royal Australian Air Force
(RAAF), formed March 1921, is the aerial warfare branch of the Australian Defence Force. It directly continues the traditions of the Australian Flying Corps
Australian Flying Corps
(AFC), formed on 22 October 1912.[2] The RAAF provides support across a spectrum of operations such as air superiority, precision strikes, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance, air mobility, and humanitarian support. The RAAF has taken part in many of the 20th century's major conflicts. During the Second World War
Second World War
a number of RAAF bomber, fighter, reconnaissance and other squadrons served initially in Britain, and with the Desert Air Force
Desert Air Force
located in North Africa and the Mediterranean, while the majority were later primarily deployed in the South West Pacific Area. Thousands of Australians also served with other Commonwealth air forces in Europe.[3] By the time the war ended, a total of 216,900 men and women served in the RAAF, of whom 10,562 were killed in action.[4] Later the RAAF served in the Berlin Airlift, Korean War, Malayan Emergency, Indonesia–Malaysia Confrontation
Indonesia–Malaysia Confrontation
and Vietnam War. More recently, the RAAF has participated in operations in East Timor, the Iraq
Iraq
War, the War in Afghanistan, and the military intervention against the Islamic State of Iraq
Iraq
and the Levant (ISIL). The RAAF has 259 aircraft, of which 110 are combat aircraft.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Formation, 1912 1.2 First World War 1.3 Inter-war period 1.4 Second World War

1.4.1 Europe and the Mediterranean 1.4.2 Pacific War

1.5 Service since 1945

2 Ranks and uniform 3 Roundel 4 Badge 5 Current strength

5.1 Personnel 5.2 Aircraft 5.3 Current inventory 5.4 Armament 5.5 Flying squadrons 5.6 Non-flying squadrons 5.7 Wings 5.8 Force Element Groups 5.9 Headquarters

6 Roulettes 7 Future procurement 8 See also 9 References 10 Further reading 11 External links

History[edit]

A Royal Australian Air Force
Royal Australian Air Force
B-737 taxies at Sydney Airport

Main article: History of the Royal Australian Air Force Formation, 1912[edit] The RAAF traces its history back to the Imperial Conference
Imperial Conference
held in London in 1911, where it was decided aviation should be developed within the armed forces of the British Empire. Australia
Australia
implemented this decision, the first dominion to do so, by approving the establishment of the "Australian Aviation Corps". This initially consisted of the Central Flying School at Point Cook, Victoria, opening on 22 October 1912.[5] By 1914 the corps was known as the "Australian Flying Corps".[6] First World War[edit] Main article: Australian Flying Corps See also: Military history of Australia
Australia
during World War I Soon after the outbreak of war in 1914, the Australian Flying Corps sent aircraft to assist in capturing German colonies in what is now north-east New Guinea. However, these colonies surrendered quickly, before the planes were even unpacked. The first operational flights did not occur until 27 May 1915, when the Mesopotamian Half Flight
Mesopotamian Half Flight
was called upon to assist the Indian Army in protecting British oil interests in what is now Iraq.[7] The corps later saw action in Egypt, Palestine and on the Western Front throughout the remainder of the First World War. By the end of the war, four squadrons—Nos. 1, 2, 3 and 4—had seen operational service, while another four training squadrons—Nos. 5, 6, 7 and 8—had also been established. A total of 460 officers and 2,234 other ranks served in the AFC, whilst another 200 men served as aircrew in the British flying services.[8] Casualties included 175 dead, 111 wounded, 6 gassed and 40 captured.[9] Inter-war period[edit] The Australian Flying Corps
Australian Flying Corps
remained part of the Australian Army
Australian Army
until 1919, when it was disbanded along with the First Australian Imperial Force (AIF). Although the Central Flying School continued to operate at Point Cook, military flying virtually ceased until 1920, when the Australian Air Corps
Australian Air Corps
(AAC) was formed. The Australian Air Force was formed on 31 March 1921. King George V approved the prefix "Royal" in June 1921 and became effective on 31 August 1921. The RAAF then became the second Royal air arm to be formed in the British Commonwealth, following the British Royal Air Force.[10] When formed the RAAF had more aircraft than personnel, with 21 officers and 128 other ranks and 153 aircraft.[11] Second World War[edit] See also: Military history of Australia
Australia
during World War II Europe and the Mediterranean[edit] In September 1939, the Australian Air Board directly controlled the Air Force via RAAF Station Laverton, RAAF Station Richmond, RAAF Station Pearce, No. 1 Flying Training School RAAF
No. 1 Flying Training School RAAF
at Point Cook, RAAF Station Rathmines and five smaller units.[12] In 1939, just after the outbreak of the Second World War, Australia joined the Empire Air Training Scheme, under which flight crews received basic training in Australia
Australia
before travelling to Canada
Canada
for advanced training. A total of 17 RAAF bomber, fighter, reconnaissance and other squadrons served initially in Britain and with the Desert Air Force located in North Africa and the Mediterranean. Thousands of Australians also served with other Commonwealth air forces in Europe during the Second World War.[3] About nine percent of the personnel who served under British RAF
RAF
commands in Europe and the Mediterranean were RAAF personnel.[13] With British manufacturing targeted by the German Luftwaffe, in 1941 the Australian government created the Department of Aircraft Production (DAP; later known as the Government Aircraft Factories) to supply Commonwealth air forces,[14] and the RAAF was eventually provided with large numbers of locally built versions of British designs such as the DAP Beaufort torpedo bomber, Beaufighters and Mosquitos, as well as other types such as Wirraways, Boomerangs, and Mustangs.[3] In the European theatre of the war, RAAF personnel were especially notable in RAF
RAF
Bomber Command: although they represented just two percent of all Australian enlistments during the war, they accounted for almost twenty percent of those killed in action. This statistic is further illustrated by the fact that No. 460 Squadron RAAF, mostly flying Avro Lancasters, had an official establishment of about 200 aircrew and yet had 1,018 combat deaths. The squadron was therefore effectively wiped out five times over.[15] Total RAAF casualties in Europe were 5,488 killed or missing.[3]

Curtiss Kittyhawk Mk IA of 75th Squadron RAAF, which F/O Geoff Atherton flew over New Guinea
New Guinea
in August 1942.

Pacific War[edit]

The Brewster F2A Buffalo
Brewster F2A Buffalo
participated in air campaigns over Malayan, Singapore and Dutch East Indies

The beginning of the Pacific War—and the rapid advance of Japanese forces—threatened the Australian mainland for the first time in its history. The RAAF was quite unprepared for the emergency, and initially had negligible forces available for service in the Pacific. In 1941 and early 1942, many RAAF airmen, including Nos. 1, 8, 21 and 453 Squadrons, saw action with the RAF
RAF
Far East Command in the Malayan, Singapore and Dutch East Indies campaigns. Equipped with aircraft such as the Brewster Buffalo, and Lockheed Hudsons, the Australian squadrons suffered heavily against Japanese Zeros.[16] During the fighting for Rabaul in early 1942, No. 24 Squadron RAAF fought a brief, but ultimately futile defence as the Japanese advanced south towards Australia.[17] The devastating air raids on Darwin on 19 February 1942 increased concerns about the direct threat facing Australia. In response, some RAAF squadrons were transferred from the northern hemisphere—although a substantial number remained there until the end of the war. Shortages of fighter and ground attack planes led to the acquisition of US-built Curtiss P-40 Kittyhawks and the rapid design and manufacture of the first Australian fighter, the CAC Boomerang. RAAF Kittyhawks came to play a crucial role in the New Guinea and Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
campaigns, especially in operations like the Battle of Milne Bay. As a response to a possible Japanese chemical warfare threat the RAAF imported hundreds of thousands of chemical weapons into Australia.[18]

RAAF volunteers from Brisbane leaving for training

In the Battle of the Bismarck Sea, imported Bristol Beaufighters proved to be highly effective ground attack and maritime strike aircraft. Beaufighters were later made locally by the DAP from 1944.[19] Although it was much bigger than Japanese fighters, the Beaufighter had the speed to outrun them.[20] The RAAF operated a number of Consolidated PBY Catalina
Consolidated PBY Catalina
as long range bombers and scouts. The RAAF's heavy bomber force was predominantly made up of 287 B-24 Liberators, equipping seven squadrons, which could bomb Japanese targets as far away as Borneo
Borneo
and the Philippines from airfields in Australia
Australia
and New Guinea.[21] By late 1945, the RAAF had received or ordered about 500 P-51 Mustangs, for fighter/ground attack purposes. The Commonwealth Aircraft Corporation
Commonwealth Aircraft Corporation
initially assembled US-made Mustangs, but later manufactured most of those used.[22] By mid-1945, the RAAF's main operational formation in the Pacific, the First Tactical Air Force (1st TAF), consisted of over 21,000 personnel, while the RAAF as a whole consisted of about 50 squadrons and 6,000 aircraft, of which over 3,000 were operational.[23] The 1st TAF's final campaigns were fought in support of Australian ground forces in Borneo,[24] but had the war continued some of its personnel and equipment would likely have been allocated to the invasion of the Japanese mainland, along with some of the RAAF bomber squadrons in Europe, which were to be grouped together with British and Canadian squadrons as part of the proposed Tiger Force. However, the war was brought to a sudden end by the US nuclear attacks on Japan.[25] The RAAF's casualties in the Pacific were around 2,000 killed, wounded or captured.[24] By the time the war ended, a total of 216,900 men and women served in the RAAF, of whom 10,562 were killed in action; a total of 76 squadrons were formed.[4] With over 152,000 personnel operating nearly 6,000 aircraft it was the world's fourth largest air force.[26] Service since 1945[edit] During the Berlin Airlift, in 1948–49, the RAAF Squadron Berlin Air Lift aided the international effort to fly in supplies to the stricken city; two RAF
RAF
Avro York
Avro York
aircraft were also crewed by RAAF personnel. Although a small part of the operation, the RAAF contribution was significant, flying 2,062 sorties and carrying 7,030 tons of freight and 6,964 passengers.[27] In the Korean War, from 1950–53, North American Mustangs from No. 77 Squadron RAAF, stationed in Japan with the British Commonwealth Occupation Force, were among the first United Nations aircraft to be deployed, in ground support, combat air patrol, and escort missions. When the UN planes were confronted by North Korean Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15 jet fighters, 77 Sqn acquired Gloster Meteors, however the MiGs remained superior and the Meteors were relegated to ground support missions as the North Koreans gained experience. The air force also operated transport aircraft during the conflict. No. 77 Squadron flew 18,872 sorties, claiming the destruction of 3,700 buildings, 1,408 vehicles, 16 bridges, 98 railway carriages and an unknown number of enemy personnel. Three MiG-15s were confirmed destroyed, and two others probably destroyed. RAAF casualties included 41 killed and seven captured; 66 aircraft – 22 Mustangs and 44 Meteors – were lost.[28]

Two RAAF Mirage III fighters in 1980

In July 1952, No. 78 Wing RAAF
No. 78 Wing RAAF
was deployed to Malta
Malta
in the Mediterranean
Mediterranean
where it formed part of a British force which sought to counter the Soviet Union's influence in the Middle East as part of Australia's Cold War commitments. Consisting of No. 75 and 76 Squadrons equipped with de Havilland Vampire jet fighters, the wing provided an air garrison for the island for the next two and half years, returning to Australia
Australia
in late 1954.[29] In 1953, a Royal Air Force
Royal Air Force
officer, Air Marshal Sir Donald Hardman, was brought out to Australia
Australia
to become Chief of the Air Staff.[30] He reorganised the RAAF into three commands: Home Command, Maintenance Command, and Training Command. Five years later, Home Command was renamed Operational Command, and Training Command and Maintenance Command were amalgamated to form Support Command.[31] In the Malayan Emergency, from 1950–60, six Avro Lincolns from No. 1 Squadron RAAF and a flight of Douglas Dakotas from No. 38 Squadron RAAF took part in operations against the communist guerrillas (labelled as "Communist Terrorists" by the British authorities) as part of the RAF
RAF
Far East Air Force. The Dakotas were used on cargo runs, in troop movement and in paratroop and leaflet drops within Malaya. The Lincolns, operating from bases in Singapore and from Kuala Lumpur, formed the backbone of the air war against the CTs, conducting bombing missions against their jungle bases. Although results were often difficult to assess, they allowed the government to harass CT forces, attack their base camps when identified and keep them on the move. Later, in 1958, Canberra
Canberra
bombers from No. 2 Squadron RAAF
No. 2 Squadron RAAF
were deployed to Malaya and took part in bombing missions against the CTs.[32]

An RAAF F/A-18
F/A-18
with a USAF
USAF
KC-135 Stratotanker, two F-15Es, an F-117, two F-16s and a RAF
RAF
Tornado over Iraq

During the Vietnam War, from 1964–72, the RAAF contributed Caribou STOL
STOL
transport aircraft as part of the RAAF Transport Flight Vietnam, later redesignated No. 35 Squadron RAAF, UH-1 Iroquois
UH-1 Iroquois
helicopters from No. 9 Squadron RAAF, and English Electric Canberra
Canberra
bombers from No. 2 Squadron RAAF. The Canberras flew 11,963 bombing sorties, and two aircraft were lost. One went missing during a bombing raid. The wreckage of the aircraft was recovered in April 2009, and the remains of Flying Officer Michael Herbert and Pilot Officer Robert Carver were found in late July 2009. The other was shot down by a surface-to-air missile, although both crew were rescued. They dropped 76,389 bombs and were credited with 786 enemy personnel confirmed killed and a further 3,390 estimated killed, 8,637 structures, 15,568 bunkers, 1,267 sampans and 74 bridges destroyed.[33] RAAF transport aircraft also supported anti-communist ground forces. The UH-1 helicopters were used in many roles including medical evacuation and close air support. RAAF casualties in Vietnam included six killed in action, eight non-battle fatalities, 30 wounded in action and 30 injured.[34] A small number of RAAF pilots also served in United States
United States
Air Force units, flying F-4 Phantom
F-4 Phantom
fighter-bombers or serving as forward air controllers.[35]

A Royal Australian Air Force
Royal Australian Air Force
F/A-18F Super Hornet
F/A-18F Super Hornet
at the 2013 Avalon Airshow

Military airlifts were conducted for a number of purposes in the intervening decades, such as the peacekeeping operations in East Timor from 1999. Australia's combat aircraft were not used again in combat until the Iraq War
Iraq War
in 2003, when 14 F/A-18s from No. 75 Squadron RAAF operated in the escort and ground attack roles, flying a total of 350 sorties and dropping 122 laser-guided bombs.[36] A detachment of AP-3C Orion maritime patrol aircraft were deployed in the Middle East between 2003 and 2012. These aircraft conducted maritime surveillance patrols over the Persian Gulf and North Arabian Sea in support of Coalition warships and boarding parties, as well as conducting extensive overland flights of Iraq
Iraq
and Afghanistan
Afghanistan
on intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance missions, and supporting counter-piracy operations in Somalia.[37] From 2007 to 2009, a detachment of No. 114 Mobile Control and Reporting Unit RAAF
No. 114 Mobile Control and Reporting Unit RAAF
was on active service at Kandahar Airfield
Kandahar Airfield
in southern Afghanistan.[38] Approximately 75 personnel deployed with the AN/TPS-77
AN/TPS-77
radar assigned the responsibility to co-ordinate coalition air operations.[39] A detachment of IAI Heron
IAI Heron
unmanned aerial vehicles has been deployed in Afghanistan
Afghanistan
since January 2010.[40] In late September 2014, an Air Task Group consisting of up to eight F/A-18F Super Hornets, a KC-30A Multi Role Tanker Transport, a E-7A Wedgetail Airborne Early Warning & Control aircraft and 400 personnel was deployed to Al Minhad Air Base
Al Minhad Air Base
in the United Arab Emirates as part of the coalition to combat Islamic State forces in Iraq.[41] Operations began on 1 October.[42] A number of C-17 and C-130J Super Hercules
C-130J Super Hercules
transport aircraft based in the Middle East have also been used to conduct airdrops of humanitarian aid and to airlift arms and munitions since August.[43][44][45][46] In June 2017 two RAAF AP-3C Orion
AP-3C Orion
maritime patrol aircraft were deployed to the southern Philippines in response to the Marawi crisis.[47][48][49] Ranks and uniform[edit]

A leading aircraftwoman from No. 75 Squadron wearing Auscam DPCU, 2008

Main article: Ranks of the Royal Australian Air Force The rank structure of the nascent RAAF was established within the context of the desire to ensure that the service remained separate from both the Army and Navy.[50] While the service's predecessor formations, the AFC and the AAC, had used the Army's rank structure, in November 1920, just prior to the RAAF's foundation, it was decided by the Air Board that the RAAF would adopt the rank structure that had been implemented in the RAF
RAF
the previous year.[51] As a result, the RAAF's rank structure came to be: Aircraftsman, Leading Aircraftsman, Corporal, Sergeant, Flight Sergeant, Warrant Officer, Officer Cadet, Pilot Officer, Flying Officer. Flight Lieutenant, Squadron Leader, Wing Commander, Group Captain, Air Commodore, Air Vice Marshal, Air Marshal, Air Chief Marshal, Marshal of the RAAF.[52] In 1922, the colour of the RAAF winter uniform was determined by Williams on a visit to the Geelong Wool Mill. He asked for one dye dip fewer than the RAN blue (three indigo dips rather than four). There was a change to a lighter blue when an all-seasons uniform was introduced in the 1970s. The original colour and style were re-adopted around 2005.[53][54] Slip-on rank epaulettes, known as "Soft Rank Insignia" (SRI), displaying the word "AUSTRALIA" are worn on the shoulders of the service dress uniform.[52] When not in the service dress or "ceremonial" uniform, RAAF personnel wear the Auscam DPCU as a working dress. Commencing in mid-2014 DPCU began to be replaced, only in the non-deployed environment, with the General Purpose Uniform (GPU) which is a blue version of the Australian Multicam Pattern.[55] Roundel[edit] Originally, the air force used the existing red, white and blue roundel of the Royal Air Force. However, during the Second World War the inner red circle, which was visually similar to the Japanese Hinomaru, was removed after a No. 11 Squadron Catalina was mistaken for a Japanese aircraft by a US Navy Wildcat in the Pacific Theatre.[56] After the war, a range of options for the RAAF roundel were proposed, including the Southern Cross, a boomerang, a sprig of wattle, and the red kangaroo. On 2 July 1956, the current version of the roundel was formally adopted. This consists of a white inner circle with a red kangaroo surrounded by a royal blue circle. The kangaroo faces left, except when used on aircraft or vehicles, when the kangaroo should always face in the direction of travel.[56] Low visibility versions of the roundel exist, with the white omitted and the red and blue replaced with light or dark grey.[57] Badge[edit] The RAAF badge was accepted by the Chester Herald
Chester Herald
in 1939. The badge is composed of the imperial crown mounted on a circle featuring the words Royal Australian Air Force, beneath which scroll work displays the Latin motto Per Ardua Ad Astra, which it shares with the Royal Air Force. Surmounting the badge is a wedge-tailed eagle. Per Ardua Ad Astra is attributed with the meaning "Through Adversity to the Stars" and is from Sir Henry Rider Haggard's novel The People of the Mist.[58] Current strength[edit] Personnel[edit] As of 2014, the RAAF had 13,991 permanent full-time personnel and 4,316 part-time active reserve personnel.[1] Aircraft[edit] See also: Current Royal Australian Air Force
Royal Australian Air Force
Aircraft Current inventory[edit]

A F-35
F-35
taking off during the Australian International Airshow

A RAAF C-130J
C-130J
departing Point Cook

A C-17A Globemaster III

A 79 Sqn BAe Hawk on approach

Aircraft Origin Type Variant In service Notes

Combat Aircraft

Boeing F/A-18 United States multirole F/A-18A/B 54 / 16[59] some B variants task with training

Boeing F/A-18E/F United States multirole F/A-18F 24[59]

F-35
F-35
Lightning II United States multirole F-35A 2[60] 98 on order[59]

AWACS

Boeing 737
Boeing 737
AEW&C United States AEW&C E-7A 6[61]

Electronic Warfare

Boeing EA-18G United States radar jamming

12[59]

Maritime Patrol

Boeing P-8 United States ASW / patrol

11 7 on order[59]

AP-3C Orion United States maritime patrol

15[59]

Tanker

Airbus A330 MRTT France refueling / transport KC-30A 6 1 on order[59]

Transport

Boeing 737 United States VIP

2[62]

Boeing C-17 United States strategic airlifter

8[59]

C-27J
C-27J
Spartan Italy utility transport

7 3 on order[59]

Super King Air United States utility / transport 350 8[59]

Challenger CL-600 Canada VIP 604 3[63]

C-130J
C-130J
Super Hercules United States tactical airlifter C-130J-30 12[59]

Helicopter

Sikorsky S-76 United States SAR / utility

6[59] contracted with CHC Helicopter[64]

Trainer Aircraft

BAE Hawk United Kingdom primary trainer Hawk 127 33[59]

Pilatus PC-9 Switzerland trainer PC-9/A 59[59] produced under license by de Havilland Australia.[65]

Pilatus PC-21 Switzerland trainer

10 39 on order[59]

Super King Air United States multi-engine trainer 350 8 4 on order[59]

Armament[edit]

Paveway II laser guided bomb

AIM 9L Sidewinder

Mark 84 general purpose bomb

Name Origin Type Notes

Air-to-air missile

ASRAAM United Kingdom IR guided missile 200 units[66]

AIM-120 AMRAAM United States beyond-visual-range missile 360 units[66]

AIM-9 Sidewinder United States

1297 units of which 47 were AIM-9X[66]

Air-to-surface missile

AGM-154 United States joint standoff weapon 50 units[66]

AGM-158 United States

260 units[66]

General-purpose bomb

JDAM United States precision guided munition 100 units[66]

GBU-15 United States precision guided munition 100 units[66]

GBU-10 Paveway II United States laser-guided bomb 100 units[66]

Anti-ship missile

Mark 46 torpedo United States anti-sub weapon 250[66]

AGM-84 Harpoon United States

305[66]

Flying squadrons[edit] Main article: Structure of the RAAF

List of flying squadrons

No. 1 Squadron – Boeing F/A-18F Super Hornet
F/A-18F Super Hornet
(Multi-Role Fighter)

No. 2 Squadron – Boeing E-7A Wedgetail (AEW&C)

No. 3 Squadron – McDonnell Douglas F/A-18A Hornet (Multi-Role Fighter)

No. 4 Squadron – Pilatus PC9/A (JTAC Training)

No. 5 Flight – Israel Aerospace Industries Heron (Unmanned Surveillance)

No. 6 Squadron – Boeing E/A-18G Growler (Electronic Warfare)

No. 10 Squadron – Lockheed AP-3C Orion
AP-3C Orion
(Maritime Patrol)

No. 11 Squadron – Lockheed AP-3C Orion
AP-3C Orion
(Maritime Patrol)

No. 32 Squadron – Beechcraft King Air 350 (School of Air Warfare Support)

No. 33 Squadron – Airbus KC-30A MRTT (Air Refueling/Transport)

No. 34 Squadron – Boeing 737
Boeing 737
BBJ, Bombardier Challenger 604 (VIP Transport)

No. 35 Squadron – Alenia C-27J Spartan
C-27J Spartan
(Transport)

No. 36 Squadron – Boeing C-17A Globemaster III (Transport)

No. 37 Squadron – Lockheed C-130J-30 Super Hercules (Transport)

No. 38 Squadron – Beechcraft King Air 350 (Transport)

No. 75 Squadron – McDonnell Douglas F/A-18A Hornet (Multi-Role Fighter)

No. 76 Squadron – BAE Systems Hawk
BAE Systems Hawk
127 (Lead-in Fighter Training/ADF Support)

No. 77 Squadron – McDonnell Douglas F/A-18A Hornet (Multi-Role Fighter)

No. 79 Squadron – BAE Systems Hawk
BAE Systems Hawk
127 (Hawk Conversion/ADF Support)

No. 285 Squadron – Lockheed C-130H/C-130J-30 Hercules (C-130 Conversion)

No. 292 Squadron – Lockheed AP-3C Orion
AP-3C Orion
(AP-3C Conversion)

CFS – Pacific Aerospace CT4B, Pilatus PC9/A (Flying Instructor Training)

ADFBFTS – Pacific Aerospace CT4B (Basic Tri-Service Flying Training)

No. 2 FTS – Pilatus PC9/A (Advanced RAAF and RAN Flying Training)

No. 2 OCU – McDonnell Douglas F/A-18A/B Hornet (F/A-18A Conversion)

ARDU – Various Aircraft Types (Flight Testing)

Non-flying squadrons[edit]

List of non-flying squadrons

No. 1 SECFOR SQN – Airbase Force Protection

No. 1 EHS – Health Operations

No. 1 CCS – Combat Communications

No. 1 RSU – Wide Area Surveillance

No. 1 RTU – Airman Ab Initio Training

No. 2 SECFOR SQN – Airbase Force Protection

No. 2 EHS – Health Operations

No. 3 EHS – Health Operations

No. 3 CRU – Surveillance and Air Battle Management

No. 3 SECFOR SQN – Airbase Force Protection

No. 4 EHS – Health Operations

No. 13 Squadron – RAAF Darwin Airbase Operations

No. 17 Squadron – RAAF Tindal Airbase Operations

No. 19 Squadron – RMAF Butterworth
RMAF Butterworth
Airbase Operations

No. 20 Squadron – RAAF Woomera
RAAF Woomera
Airbase Operations

No. 21 Squadron – RAAF Williams
RAAF Williams
Airbase Operations

No. 22 Squadron – RAAF Richmond Airbase Operations

No. 23 Squadron – RAAF Amberley Airbase Operations

No. 24 Squadron – RAAF Edinburgh Airbase Operations

No. 25 Squadron – RAAF Pearce Airbase Operations

No. 26 Squadron – RAAF Williamtown Airbase Operations

No. 27 Squadron – RAAF Townsville Airbase Operations

No. 28 Squadron – Administrative Support Operations

No. 29 Squadron – Administrative Support Operations

No. 30 Squadron – RAAF East Sale Airbase Operations

No. 31 Squadron – RAAF Wagga Airbase Operations

No. 65 Squadron – Airfield Engineering and Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD)

No. 87 Squadron – Intelligence Operations

No. 114 MCRU – Deployable Surveillance, Air Battle Management and Air Traffic Control

No. 278 Squadron – Operational Training

No. 381 SQN – Contingency Response Squadron

No. 382 SQN – Contingency Response Squadron

No. 452 Squadron – Air Traffic Control

No. 453 Squadron – Air Traffic Control

No. 460 Squadron – Intelligence Operations

No. 462 Squadron – Information Warfare Operations

ASCENG SQN – Aircraft/Stores Compatibility Engineering Development

AMTDU – Air Movements Training and Development

ASES – Aircraft Systems Engineering Development

CSTS – Combat Survival Training

RAAF AIS – Aeronautical Information

RAAF BAND – RAAF Ceremonial Band

DEOTS – Explosive Ordnance Training

AVMED – Aviation Medicine Research and Development

JEWOSU – Electronic Warfare Operations and Development

OTS – Officer Ab Initio Training

RAAF Museum – Royal Australian Air Force
Royal Australian Air Force
Museum

RAAF SFS – Security and Fire Training

SAW – Air Combat Officer and Observer Training

RAAFSALT – Administrative and Logistics Training

RAAFSATC – Air Traffic Control Training

RAAFSPS – Officer and Airman Post Graduate Professional Training

RAAFSTT – Air Technical Training

SACTU – Air Defence Training

Woomera Test Facility – Augmented Testing Range

Wings[edit]

List of current wings

No. 41 Wing (Surveillance & Air Battle Management)

No. 42 Wing (AEW&C)

No. 44 Wing (ATC)

No. 78 Wing (Lead-in Fighter Training)

No. 81 Wing (Multi-Role Fighter)

No. 82 Wing (Multi-Role Fighter)

No. 84 Wing (Airlift & VIP transport)

No. 86 Wing (Airlift & AAR)

No. 92 Wing (Maritime Patrol)

No. 95 Wing (Expeditionary Combat Support)

No. 96 Wing (Fixed Base Combat Support)

Air Mobility Control Centre – central combat airlift tasking control centre

ATW – Flying Training

DTWG – Aerospace Systems Development

CSCC – Combat Support Coordination

GTW – Ground Training

HSW – Health Operations

IWD – Information Warfare and Intelligence

RAAFCOL – Ab initio, career development, promotion and leadership training

Force Element Groups[edit]

Current force element groups

Air Combat Group – air combat capability Air Mobility Group – air lift and aerial refuelling capability Air Warfare Centre – information warfare, intelligence and capability development Combat Support Group – combat support and air base operations capability Surveillance and Response Group – surveillance and reconnaissance capability Air Force Training Group – air force training capability and development

Headquarters[edit]

Air Force Headquarters RAAF – Air Force Executive RAAF Air Command – Air Force Combat Forces

Roulettes[edit] Main article: RAAF Roulettes

Roulette aircraft in formation

The Roulettes
Roulettes
are the RAAF's formation aerobatic display team. They perform around Australia
Australia
and South-east Asia, and are part of the RAAF Central Flying School (CFS) at RAAF Base East Sale, Victoria.[67] The Roulettes
Roulettes
use the Pilatus PC-9
Pilatus PC-9
and formations for shows are done in a group of six aircraft. The pilots learn many formations including loops, rolls, corkscrews, and ripple roles. Most of the performances are done at the low altitude of 500 feet (150 metres).[68]

Future procurement[edit]

The first Australian F-35A takes off from Luke AFB on a test sortie in 2015

This list includes aircraft on order or a requirement which has been identified:

Up to 100 Lockheed Martin
Lockheed Martin
F-35A Lightning II ( CTOL variant)—are scheduled to be delivered from 2020. In a first stage not fewer than 72 aircraft will be acquired to equip three operational squadrons. The remaining aircraft will be acquired in conjunction with the withdrawal of the F/A-18F Super Hornets after 2020 to ensure no gap in Australia's overall air combat capability occurs. On 25 November 2009, Australia
Australia
committed to placing a first order for 14 aircraft at a cost of A$3.2 billion with deliveries to begin in 2014.[69][70] In May 2012, the decision to purchase 12 F-35s from the initial 14 order was deferred until 2014 as part of wider ADF procurement deferments to balance the Federal Government budget.[71] On 23 April 2014, Australia confirmed the purchase of 58 F-35A Lightning II fighters in addition to the 14 already ordered. Up to a further 28 more aircraft may be acquired.[72][73] The first two Australian F-35A Lightning II fighters were rolled out in July 2014, and began flying training flights with the USAF
USAF
61st Fighter Squadron
61st Fighter Squadron
in December 2014.[74][75] Eight Boeing P-8 Poseidon
Boeing P-8 Poseidon
to replace the Lockheed AP-3C Orions.[76] A further seven to be purchased and brought into service by the late 2020s, bringing the total number of aircraft to fifteen.[77] Seven MQ-4C unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) to expand the surveillance of Australia's maritime approaches.[77][78] Ten C-27J
C-27J
Tactical transports to be delivered from 2015.[79] Forty-nine Pilatus PC-21
Pilatus PC-21
training aircraft under Project AIR 5428.[80] Two more KC-30As, one in full VIP configuration.[81] The Australian Government is also looking at a further two to support the incoming P-8A fleet, which would bring the total number of aircraft to nine.[77] The RAAF has shown interest in acquiring armed unmanned drones. Air Marshal Geoff Brown stated that "it is certainly something we have put forward" and that the Reaper was one of the force's highest priorities. As of February 2015 six ADF personnel are currently training on the General Atomics MQ-9 Reaper
General Atomics MQ-9 Reaper
in two USAF
USAF
bases.[82] The RAAF is willing to spend A$300 million on the platform and is believed to be preparing to purchase eight drones and two ground stations.[83][84] In March 2017, it was reported that the acquisition program had been singled down to two UAV platforms: the MQ-9 Reaper and the IAI Heron.[85] In September 2017, IAI accused the Australian government of giving preferential treatment to General Atomics.[86] A$4–5 billion project to replace the RAAFs 33 Hawk lead-in fighter trainers announced in the 2016 Defence White Paper. The project has a timeframe of 2022 to 2033.[87]

See also[edit]

Military of Australia
Australia
portal Royal Australian Air Force
Royal Australian Air Force
portal Aviation portal

Australian Air Traffic Control Airfield Defence Guards Australian Air Force Cadets Australian Defence Force
Australian Defence Force
ranks and insignia Royal Australian Air Force
Royal Australian Air Force
Maritime Section Royal Australian Air Force
Royal Australian Air Force
VIP aircraft

Lists:

List of aircraft of the Royal Australian Air Force List of Royal Australian Air Force
Royal Australian Air Force
aircraft squadrons List of Royal Australian Air Force
Royal Australian Air Force
independent aircraft flights List of Royal Australian Air Force
Royal Australian Air Force
installations List of ships of the Royal Australian Air Force List of air forces

Memorials and Museums:

Royal Australian Air Force
Royal Australian Air Force
Memorial, Canberra Royal Australian Air Force
Royal Australian Air Force
Memorial, Brisbane RAAF Museum List of Australian military memorials

References[edit]

Citations

^ a b Defence Issues 2014 (PDF). Commonwealth of Australia. p. 29. Retrieved 16 November 2014.  ^ "Australian Military Aviation and World War One". Royal Australian Air Force. Archived from the original on 30 September 2009. Retrieved 23 April 2010.  ^ a b c d Barnes 2000, p. 3. ^ a b Eather 1995, p. 18. ^ "Australian Military Aviation and World War One". Royal Australian Air Force. Archived from the original on 23 June 2010. Retrieved 26 December 2011.  ^ "Australian Flying Corps". Australian War Memorial. Retrieved 24 August 2013.  ^ Dennis et al 2008, pp. 61–62. ^ Grey 1999, pp. 114–115. ^ Beaumont 2001, p. 214. ^ " RAAF Museum
RAAF Museum
Point Cook". Royal Australian Air Force. Retrieved 7 June 2012.  ^ "RAAF – The Inter-war years 1921 to 1939". Royal Australian Air Force. Retrieved 7 June 2012.  ^ Dr. Leo Niehorster. "Royal Australian Air Force, 03.09.1939". Orbat.com. Retrieved 28 April 2013. [permanent dead link] ^ "Explore: 'The Angry Sky'". Department of Veterans' Affairs. Retrieved 24 July 2009.  ^ Dennis et al 2008, p. 277. ^ Stephens 2006, p. 96. ^ Armstrong, p. 44. ^ Armstrong, p. 45. ^ "Chemical Warfare in Australia". Geoff Plunkett. Retrieved 24 July 2009.  ^ Dennis et al 2008, p. 81. ^ Taylor and Taylor 1978, p. 48. ^ "Consolidated B24 Liberator". Australian War Memorial. Retrieved 10 November 2013.  ^ "North American P51 Mustang". Australian War Memorial. Retrieved 10 November 2013.  ^ Sandler 2001, pp. 21–22 ^ a b Sandler 2001, p. 22. ^ "467 Squadron RAAF". Second World War, 1939–1945 units. Australian War Memorial. Retrieved 22 September 2013.  ^ Eather 1996, p. xv. ^ Eather 1996, p. 38. ^ Eather 1996, p. 162. ^ Eather 1996, pp. 172–183 ^ Millar 1969, pp. 114–115. ^ Dennis et al 2008, pp. 150–151. ^ Eather 1996, pp. 40–77. ^ Coulthard-Clark 1995, p. 215. ^ Coulthard-Clark 1995, p. 351. ^ Barnes 2000, p. 5. ^ Tony Holmes, 'RAAF Hornets at War' in Australian Aviation, January/February 2006, No. 224. pp. 38–39. ^ "Mission complete on wings of a dream craft". Adelaide Now. Retrieved 10 March 2013.  ^ Thomas, Sally (23 May 2013). Address by Her Honour the Honourable Sally Thomas AM (PDF) (Speech). Parade for Number 114 Mobile Control Reporting Unit. RAAF Base, Darwin. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 15 August 2015.  ^ "Aussies to take Afghan plane control". The Sydney Morning Herald. 19 July 2007. Retrieved 25 February 2010.  ^ " Australia
Australia
extends Heron mission in southern Afghanistan" (Press release). Department of Defence. 11 December 2013. Retrieved 25 September 2014.  ^ "RAAF Air Task Group Arrives in Middle East" (Press release). Department of Defence. 24 September 2014. Archived from the original on 28 September 2014. Retrieved 25 September 2014.  ^ "Australian Air Task Group commences operational missions over Iraq". Department of Defence. 2 October 2014. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 2 October 2014.  ^ Katharine Murphy, deputy political editor (14 August 2014). "Australian troops complete first humanitarian mission in northern Iraq". The Guardian. Retrieved 18 August 2014. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) ^ Wroe, David (31 August 2014). "SAS to Protect Crews on Arms Drops in Iraq". The Sydney Morning Herald. Sydney: Fairfax Media. ISSN 0312-6315.  ^ "ADF delivers fourth arms shipment to Iraq" (Press release). Department of Defence. 17 September 2014. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 17 September 2014.  ^ "ADF delivers fifth shipment to Iraq" (Press release). Department of Defence. 26 September 2014. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 6 October 2014.  ^ "Australian spy planes to fly over Philippines in IS fight". ABC News. 2017-06-23. Retrieved 2017-06-26.  ^ Williams, Jacqueline; Villamor, Felipe (2017-06-23). " Australia
Australia
to Send Spy Planes to Help Philippines Recapture Marawi". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-06-26.  ^ Valente, Catherine (June 24, 2017). " Australia
Australia
sending spy planes to Marawi". The Manila Times. Retrieved June 25, 2017. As soon as the AFP and the Australian military finalize operational details, the AP-3C Orion aircraft [of Australia] “will immediately assist in the ongoing operations” in Marawi City, he added. ^ Grey 2008, p. 132. ^ "The Australian Air Corps". Military History and Heritage Victoria. Retrieved 7 October 2014.  ^ a b "Air Force Ranks". About the RAAF. Royal Australian Air Force. Retrieved 7 October 2014.  ^ Williams, Air Marshal Sir Richard, These are the Facts, Australian War Memorial, Canberra, 1977. ^ "'Air Force blue' uniform re-introduced into the RAAF". Air Power Development Centre. Royal Australian Air Force. Retrieved 7 October 2014.  ^ "Air Force General Purpose Uniform". About the RAAF. Royal Australian Air Force. Retrieved 7 October 2014.  ^ a b "Air Force Roundel". About the RAAF. Royal Australian Air Force. Retrieved 7 October 2014.  ^ Austin, Steven. "Picture of the McDonnell Douglas F/A-18A Hornet aircraft". Airliners.net. Retrieved 7 October 2014.  ^ " Royal Australian Air Force
Royal Australian Air Force
Badge". Australian Department of Defence. Archived from the original on 1 July 2010. Retrieved 25 February 2010.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "World Air Forces 2018". Flightglobal Insight. 2018. Retrieved 4 December 2017.  ^ "Australia's first F-35
F-35
gets airborne". flightglobal.com. Retrieved 26 December 2014.  ^ "E-7A Wedgetail". airforce.gov.au. Retrieved 4 December 2017.  ^ "Boeing BBJ". airforce.gov.au. Retrieved 27 December 2014.  ^ "CL-604". airforce.gov.au. Retrieved 19 January 2018.  ^ "CHC secures SAR contract". australianaviation.com.au. Retrieved 7 March 2017.  ^ "PC-9/A". Technology. Royal Australian Air Force. Archived from the original on 11 October 2014. Retrieved 7 October 2014.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j Trade Registers. Armstrade.sipri.org. Retrieved on 2017-12-23. ^ "Air Force Roulettes". Royal Australian Air Force. Retrieved 7 October 2014.  ^ "Roulettes". Aerobatic Teams.net. Retrieved 7 October 2014.  ^ Walters, Patrick."Kevin Rudd signs off on purchase of 14 F-35
F-35
joint strike fighters." The Australian, 25 November 2009. Retrieved: 16 December 2009. ^ "More Defence news: 23 November 2009 – 29 November 2009". Australian Defence Force
Australian Defence Force
Media. 27 November 2009. Retrieved 23 November 2012.  ^ Nicholson, Brendan (4 May 2012). "$4bn stripped from Defence". The Australia. Retrieved 8 May 2012. The opposition ridiculed Julia Gillard's move to find savings through deferrals of spending, including a two-year postponement of the purchase of new Joint Strike Fighters, as a fresh attempt to "cook the books" and a "death gurgle from a dying government" that was feigning economic responsibility while retaining an addiction to spending. The Prime Minister and Defence Minister Stephen Smith confirmed they would delay the purchase of 12 multi-role Joint Strike Fighters for the RAAF by two years, which would save $1.6bn in the short term.  ^ Mclaughlin, Andrew (22 April 2014). " Australia
Australia
to confirm 58-aircraft F-35
F-35
order". flightglobal.com. Reed Business Information. Archived from the original on 24 April 2014. Retrieved 23 April 2014.  ^ Waldron, Greg (23 April 2014). " Australia
Australia
confirms A$12.4bn F-35 order". flightglobal.com. Reed Business Information. Archived from the original on 24 April 2014. Retrieved 23 April 2014.  ^ "Australia's new F-35
F-35
Lightning fighter jet rolls out to rock music". The Australian. 25 July 2014. Retrieved 20 December 2014.  ^ Cenciotti, David (19 December 2014). "First Australian F-35
F-35
has arrived for training at Luke Air Force Base". The Aviationist. Retrieved 20 December 2014.  ^ "Abbott government to spend $4b on new patrol aircraft". Canberra Times. 21 February 2014.  ^ a b c 2016 Defence White Paper (PDF). Australia: Commonwealth of Australia. 2016. p. 94. ISBN 978-0-9941680-5-4.  ^ Blenkin, Max (13 March 2014). "PM gives go-ahead to buy Triton drones". News.com.au. News Corp Australia. Archived from the original on 3 February 2016. Retrieved 24 May 2013.  ^ Welch, Dylan (11 May 2012). "New plane to ease Defence cuts pain". The Sydney Morning Herald. Fairfax Media. Archived from the original on 18 September 2012. Retrieved 11 May 2012.  ^ "Lockheed's "Team 21" finally confirmed as AIR 5428 winning bidder Australian Aviation". australianaviation.com.au. Retrieved 27 October 2015.  ^ "Prime Minister Tony Abbott to fly worldwide non-stop on Airbus KC-30A". news.com.au. News Corp Australia. 14 August 2014. Archived from the original on 29 September 2015.  ^ "RAAF commences Reaper training". Australian Aviation. australianaviation.com.au. 23 February 2015. Retrieved 25 February 2015.  ^ McPhedran, Ian (24 February 2015). "The Australian government is about to spend $300 million on self-piloted killer drones". news.com.au. News Corp Australia
Australia
Network. Archived from the original on 23 August 2015. Retrieved 25 February 2015.  ^ McCallum, Nicholas (25 February 2015). "RAAF wants $300m for attack drones". 9news.com.au. ninemsn. Retrieved 25 February 2015.  ^ Greene, Andrew (7 March 2017). "Deadly drones in spotlight as Defence weighs future options". ABC News (Australia). Retrieved 7 March 2017.  ^ Greene, Andrew (2 September 2017). "Defence accused by Israeli company of lack of transparency over Reaper drone deal with US". ABC News (Australia). Retrieved 2 September 2017.  ^ "New project to replace RAAF Hawk lead-in fighters". Australian Aviation. australianaviation.com.au. 26 February 2016. Retrieved 28 February 2016. 

Bibliography

Armstrong, John. "History of the RAAF: 20 Years of Warfighting 1939–1959, Part 2". Air Power International. Strike Publications. 4 (6): 42–48. ISSN 1326-1533.  Barnes, Norman (2000). The RAAF and the Flying Squadrons. St Leonards, New South Wales: Allen & Unwin. ISBN 1-86508-130-2.  Beaumont, Joan (2001). Australian Defence: Sources and Statistics. The Australian Centenary History of Defence. Volume VI. Melbourne: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-554118-9.  Coulthard-Clark, Chris (1995). The RAAF in Vietnam. Australian Air Involvement in the Vietnam War
Vietnam War
1962–1975. The Official History of Australia's Involvement in Southeast Asian Conflicts 1948–1975. Volume Four. Sydney: Allen and Unwin in association with the Australian War Memorial. ISBN 1-86373-305-1.  Dennis, Peter; Grey, Jeffrey; Morris, Ewan; Prior, Robin; Bou, Jean (2008). The Oxford Companion to Australian Military History (2nd ed.). Melbourne, Victoria: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-551784-2.  Eather, Steve (1995). Flying Squadrons of the Australian Defence Force. Weston Creek, Australian Capital Territory: Aerospace Publications. ISBN 1-875671-15-3.  Eather, Steve (1996). Odd Jobs: RAAF Operations in Japan, the Berlin Airlift, Korea, Malaya and Malta, 1946–1960. RAAF Williams, Victoria: RAAF Museum. ISBN 0-642-23482-5.  Grey, Jeffrey (1999). A Military History of Australia
Australia
(2nd ed.). Port Melbourne: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-64483-6.  Grey, Jeffrey (2008). A Military History of Australia
Australia
(3rd ed.). Port Melbourne, Victoria: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-69791-0.  Millar, Thomas Bruce (1969). Australia's Defence (2nd ed.). Carlton: Melbourne University Press. OCLC 614049220.  McLaughlin, Andrew (June 2010). "Dingo Airlines". Australian Aviation. No. 272. pp. 40–43. ISSN 0813-0876.  Moclair, Tony; McLaughlin, Andrew (2014). Hornet Country. Fyshwick, ACT: Phantom Media. ISBN 9780992343200.  Pittaway, Nigel (March 2010). "ADF pilot training under contract". Defence Today. Amberley: Strike Publications. 8 (2): 20–21. ISSN 1447-0446.  Sandler, Stanley (2001). World War II
World War II
in the Pacific: An Encyclopedia. Military History of the United States
United States
Series. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 9780815318835.  Stephens, Alan (2006) [2001]. The Royal Australian Air Force: A History. London: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-555541-4.  Taylor, Michael John Haddrick; Taylor, John William Ransom (1978). Encyclopedia of Aircraft. New York: Putnam. ISBN 0399122176. 

Further reading[edit]

Ashworth, Norman (1999). How Not To Run An Air Force! The Higher Command of the Royal Australian Air Force
Royal Australian Air Force
During the Second World War. Australia: Royal Australian Air Force
Royal Australian Air Force
Air Power Development Centre. ISBN 0-642-26550-X.  McPhedran, Ian (2011). Air Force: Inside the New era of Australian Air Power. Australia: Harper Collins Publishers. ISBN 978-0-7322-9025-2.  Royal Australian Air Force
Royal Australian Air Force
(September 2013). The Air Power Manual - 6th Edition. Canberra: Department of Defence, Air Power Development Centre. ISBN 978-1-9208-0090-1. reprinted with corrections May 2014 .

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Royal Australian Air Force.

RAAF official site RAAF Air Power Doctrine ADF Aircraft Serial Number RAAF YouTube channel

v t e

Royal Australian Air Force

Australian Defence Force

Leadership

Chief of Air Force Deputy Chief of Air Force Warrant Officer
Warrant Officer
of the Air Force Marshal of the Royal Australian Air Force Air Chief Marshal List of Royal Australian Air Force
Royal Australian Air Force
air marshals Air and Space Interoperability Council

Personnel

Ranks Aircrew Brevet Recipients of the Air Force Medal List of personnel

Structure

Units and Formations Groups Wings Squadrons Ground Support Squadrons Flights Musterings Air Force Reserve Australian Air Force Cadets Airfield Defence Guards Air Traffic Control

Air Command Groups and Wings

Air Combat

No. 78 Wing No. 81 Wing No. 82 Wing

Air Mobility

No. 84 Wing No. 86 Wing

Surveillance & Response

No. 41 Wing No. 42 Wing No. 44 Wing No. 92 Wing

Combat Support

No. 95 Wing No. 396 Combat Support Wing Health Services Wing

Air Warfare

Integrated Mission Support Directorate Information Warfare Directorate Tactics and Training Directorate Test and Development Directorate (Aircraft Research and Development Unit, Aircraft Systems Engineering Squadron, Aircraft Stores Compatibility Engineering Squadron, RAAF Institute of Aviation Medicine) Air Force Ranges Directorate

Training

Air Training Wing (Basic Flying Training School, Central Flying School) Ground Training Wing (Combat Survival Training School Reserve Training Wing RAAF College (Officers' Training School))

Operations

Operation Resolute Operation Okra

Equipment

List of aircraft Royal Australian Air Force
Royal Australian Air Force
VIP aircraft Weaponry

Installations

Russell Offices RMAF Butterworth Al Minhad Air Base RAAF Base Amberley RAAF Scherger RAAF Base Townsville RAAF Base Glenbrook Defence Establishment Orchard Hills RAAF Base Richmond RAAF Base Wagga RAAF Base Williamtown RAAF Base East Sale RAAF Williams RAAF Base Edinburgh Woomera Airfield RAAF Curtin RAAF Gingin RAAF Learmonth RAAF Base Pearce RAAF Base Darwin RAAF Base Tindal

History

Battle honours Royal Australian Air Force
Royal Australian Air Force
Memorial, Canberra RAAF Museum RAAF Wagga Heritage Centre Western Australian Aviation Heritage Museum Avro Anson
Avro Anson
Memorial Queens Gardens, Brisbane Tiger Force Operation Pig Bristle Australian First Tactical Air Force RAAF Overseas Headquarters RAAF University Squadrons RAAF Area Commands Royal Australian Air Force
Royal Australian Air Force
Nursing Service Volunteer Air Observers Corps

Culture

Royal Australian Air Force
Royal Australian Air Force
Ensign Air Force newspaper Roulettes
Roulettes
Aerobatic Display Team Gunnie
Gunnie
(slang)

Category:Royal Australian Air Force

v t e

Australian Defence Force
Australian Defence Force
aircraft serial-number designations

Italics indicate designations not used.

RAAF Series One 1921–34

A1 DH.9A A2 S.E.5 A3 504 A4 Pup A5 Wapiti A6 DH.9 A7 Cirrus Moth A8 DH.50A A9 Seagull A10 IIID A11 Southampton A12 Bulldog

RAAF Series Two 1935–63

A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6 A7 A8 A9 A10 A11 A12 A13 A14 A15 A16 A17 A18 A19 A20 A21 A22 A23 A24 A25 A26 A27 A28 A29 A30 A30 A31 A32 A33 A34 A35 A36 A37 A37 A37 A38 A39 A40 A41 A42 A43 A44 A44 A45 A46 A47 A48 A49 A50 A51 A52 A53 A54 A55 A56 A57 A58 A59 A60 A61 A62 A63 A64 A65 A66 A67 A68 A69 A70 A71 A72 A73 A74 A75 A76 A77 A78 A79 A80 A81 A82 A83 A84 A85 A86 A87 A88 A89 A90 A91 A92 A93 A94 A95 A96 A97 A98 A99 A100

RAN Series1

N1 Firefly N2 Dakota N3 Gannet N4 Sea Venom N5 Sycamore N6 Vampire N7 Wessex N8 Scout N9 Iroquois N10 Quail N11 Jindivik N12 Tracker N13 Skyhawk N14 MB-326 N15 HS 748 N16 Sea King

RAAF Series Three Tri-Service series 1964–present

A1 Sioux A2 Iroquois A3 Mirage III A4 Caribou A5 Alouette III A6 Viscount A7 MB-326 A8 F-111 A9 Orion A10 HS 748 A11 Falcon 20 A12 One-Eleven A13 Link Trainer A14 PC-6 A15 Chinook A16 A17/N17 Kiowa A18 Nomad A19 CT/4 A20 707 A21 Hornet A22/N22 Ecureuil A23 PC-9 N24 Seahawk A25 Black Hawk A26 Falcon 900 A27 Hawk N28 Kalkara N29 Seasprite A30 Wedgetail A31 A32 B200 and B300 King Air A33 A34 C-27J
C-27J
Spartan A35 F-35A Lightning II A36 BBJ1 A37 Challenger 604 A38 Tiger A39 KC-30A MRTT A40/N40 MRH-90 A41 Globemaster III N42 A109E A43 RQ-7B Shadow A44 F/A-18F Super Hornet A45 Heron A46 EA-18G Growler A47 P-8 Poseidon N48 MH-60R Seahawk N49 Bell 429 A51 PC-21 N52 EC135 T2+ A53 1900C A69 Phantom

Lists

Aircraft of the RAAF Aircraft of the RAN Aircraft of the Australian Army

1 Prior to adoption of Tri-Service designations.

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Australian Defence Force

Australian Defence Organisation
Australian Defence Organisation
(Headquarters: Russell Offices)

Branches

Royal Australian Navy Australian Army Royal Australian Air Force

Leadership

Governor-General Prime Minister Minister for Defence Minister for Defence Personnel Minister for Defence Industry National Security Committee of Cabinet Secretary of Defence Chief of the Defence Force Vice Chief of the Defence Force Chief of Army Chief of Navy Chief of Air Force Chief of Joint Operations Senior Positions Senior Personnel

Structure

Australian Defence Organisation Australia's Federation Guard Force Element Group Special
Special
Forces Vice Chief of the Defence Force Group Joint Operations Command (Headquarters Joint Operations Command, Northern Command, Maritime Border Command) Joint Capabilities Group (Joint Logistics Command, Joint Health Command, Australian Defence College) Fleet Command Forces Command Air Command Special
Special
Operations Command 1st Division (Deployable Joint Force Headquarters) Navy Strategic Command

Personnel & Training

Australian Defence Force
Australian Defence Force
ranks and insignia Judge Advocate General Australian Defence Force
Australian Defence Force
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Australian Defence Force
Academy Australian Defence Force
Australian Defence Force
Reserves ( Australian Army
Australian Army
Reserve, Royal Australian Naval Reserve, Royal Australian Air Force
Royal Australian Air Force
Reserve) Australian Defence Force
Australian Defence Force
Cadets (Australian Air Force Cadets, Australian Navy Cadets, Australian Army
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Cadets, National Cadet Advisory Council) Women in the Australian military Sexual orientation and gender identity in the Australian military Conscription Defence Force Discipline Act 1982 Australian Defence Force
Australian Defence Force
Basic Flying Training School Military Uniforms (Australian Multicam Camouflage Uniform) Department of Veterans' Affairs Veterans' Review Board

Intelligence

Defence Intelligence Organisation Australian Signals Directorate Australian Geospatial-Intelligence Organisation Joint Defence Facility Pine Gap Defence Strategic Policy and Intelligence Group

Strategy

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United States
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Australia
in the Asia Pacific Century White Paper Defence of Australia
Australia
policy Review of Australia's Defence Capabilities Report Australian Strategic Policy Institute Australian National University Strategic and Defence Studies Centre

Equipment

Capability Acquisition and Sustainment Group Army equipment Army artillery Naval ships Air Force Weaponry Air Force aircraft

Installations

Military Installations Naval Installations Air Force Installations Army Installations

Culture

Australian War Memorial Anzac spirit Weary Dunlop Simpson and his Donkey Anzac Day Australian military slang Beating Retreat military ceremony Australian Defence Force
Australian Defence Force
Ensign Australian Defence Force
Australian Defence Force
colours, standards and guidons

History

History of the Royal Australian Navy History of the Australian Army History of the Royal Australian Air Force Frontier Wars Boer War World War I Russian Civil War World War II Korean War Malayan Emergency Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation Vietnam War Rwandan Civil War Somalian Civil War Timor-Leste Gulf War Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands War in Afghanistan Iraq
Iraq
War Peace Operations Military intervention against the Islamic State of Iraq
Iraq
and the Levant Official Histories (Official History of Australia
Australia
in the War of 1914–1918, Australia
Australia
in the War of 1939–1945, Australia
Australia
in the Korean War
Korean War
1950–53, The Official History of Australia's Involvement in Southeast Asian Conflicts 1948–1975, Official History of Australian Peacekeeping, Humanitarian and Post-Cold War Operations) Australian military involvement in peacekeeping

Australian Defence Force
Australian Defence Force
Military of Australia

v t e

Commissioned officer ranks of the Australian Defence Force

Australia- United States
United States
Rank Code Officer Cadet O-1 O-2 O-3 O-4 O-5 O-6 O-7 * O-8 ** O-9 *** O-10 **** O-11 *****

Royal Australian Navy MIDN ASLT SBLT LEUT LCDR CMDR CAPT CDRE RADM VADM ADML AF

Australian Army OCDT 2LT LT CAPT MAJ LTCOL COL BRIG MAJGEN LTGEN GEN FM

Royal Australian Air Force OFFCDT PLTOFF FLGOFF FLTLT SQNLDR WGCDR GPCAPT AIRCDRE AVM AIRMSHL ACM MRAAF

v t e

Other ranks of the Australian Defence Force

Australia- United States
United States
Rank Code E-1 E-2 E-3 E-4 E-5 E-6 E-7 E-8 E-9 Special

Royal Australian Navy RCT SMN AB - LS PO - CPO WO WO-N

Australian Army REC PTE PTE(P) LCPL CPL SGT SSGT WO2 WO1 RSM-A

Royal Australian Air Force RCT AC/ACW LAC/LACW - CPL SGT - FSGT WOFF WOFF-AF

v t e

List of air forces

Abkhazia Afghanistan Albania Algeria Angola Argentina Armenia Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burkina Faso Cambodia Cameroon Canada Central African Republic Chad Chile China Colombia Comoros Congo Congo DR Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Finland France Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Greece Guatemala Guinea-Bissau Haiti Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia Lebanon Liberia Libya Liechtenstein Lithuania Macedonia Madagascar Malaysia Malta Mauritania Mexico Moldova Monaco Montenegro Morocco Myanmar Namibia Netherlands New Zealand Nicaragua Nigeria North Korea Norway Oman Pakistan Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Qatar Romania Russia Rwanda San Marino Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Somalia South Africa South Korea South Sudan Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tajikistan Tanzania Thailand Togo Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States Uruguay Uzbekistan Venezuela Vietnam Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe

Military units and formations of the Royal Australian Air Force

Group

World War II

No. 1 Group RAAF No. 1 (Training) Group RAAF No. 2 Group RAAF No. 2 (Training) Group RAAF No. 4 (Maintenance) Group RAAF No. 5 (Maintenance) Group RAAF No. 9 (Operational) Group RAAF No. 10 (Operational) Group RAAF No. 11 Group RAAF

Force Element Group

Aerospace Operational Support Group RAAF Air Combat Group RAAF Air Force Training Group RAAF Air Lift Group RAAF Air Mobility Group RAAF Combat Support Group RAAF Maritime Patrol Group RAAF Strike Reconnaissance Group RAAF Surveillance and Control Group RAAF Surveillance and Response Group RAAF Tactical Fighter Group RAAF Tactical Transport Group RAAF

Wing

No. 1 Wing RAAF No. 21 Wing RAAF No. 22 Wing RAAF No. 24 Wing RAAF No. 34 Wing RAAF No. 41 Wing RAAF No. 42 Wing RAAF No. 44 Wing RAAF No. 61 Wing RAAF No. 62 Wing RAAF No. 71 Wing RAAF No. 72 Wing RAAF No. 73 Wing RAAF No. 75 Wing RAAF No. 76 Wing RAAF No. 77 Wing RAAF No. 78 Wing RAAF No. 79 Wing RAAF No. 80 Wing RAAF No. 81 Wing RAAF No. 82 Wing RAAF No. 83 Wing RAAF No. 84 Wing RAAF No. 85 Wing RAAF No. 86 Wing RAAF No. 90 Wing RAAF No. 91 Wing RAAF No. 92 Wing RAAF No. 95 Wing RAAF No. 96 Wing RAAF No. 301 Air Base Wing RAAF No. 302 Air Base Wing RAAF No. 303 Air Base Wing RAAF No. 304 Air Base Wing RAAF No. 305 Air Base Wing RAAF No. 306 Air Base Wing RAAF No. 307 Air Base Wing RAAF No. 321 Air Base Wing RAAF No. 322 Air Base Wing RAAF No. 323 Air Base Wing RAAF No. 324 Air Base Wing RAAF No. 325 Air Base Wing RAAF No. 326 Air Base Wing RAAF No. 327 Air Base Wing RAAF No. 395 Expeditionary Combat Support Wing RAAF No. 396 Expeditionary Combat Support Wing RAAF No. 501 Wing RAAF No. 503 Wing RAAF

Squadron

No. 1 Squadron RAAF No. 2 Squadron RAAF No. 3 Squadron RAAF No. 4 Squadron RAAF No. 5 Squadron RAAF No. 6 Squadron RAAF No. 7 Squadron RAAF No. 8 Squadron RAAF No. 9 Squadron RAAF No. 10 Squadron RAAF No. 11 Squadron RAAF No. 12 Squadron RAAF No. 13 Squadron RAAF No. 14 Squadron RAAF No. 15 Squadron RAAF No. 20 Squadron RAAF No. 21 Squadron RAAF No. 22 Squadron RAAF No. 23 Squadron RAAF No. 24 Squadron RAAF No. 25 Squadron RAAF No. 26 Squadron RAAF No. 27 Squadron RAAF No. 28 Squadron RAAF No. 29 Squadron RAAF No. 30 Squadron RAAF No. 31 Squadron RAAF No. 32 Squadron RAAF No. 33 Squadron RAAF No. 34 Squadron RAAF No. 35 Squadron RAAF No. 36 Squadron RAAF No. 37 Squadron RAAF No. 38 Squadron RAAF No. 40 Squadron RAAF No. 41 Squadron RAAF No. 42 Squadron RAAF No. 43 Squadron RAAF No. 60 Squadron RAAF No. 66 Squadron RAAF No. 67 Squadron RAAF No. 68 (Reserve) Squadron RAAF No. 69 (Reserve) Squadron RAAF No. 71 Squadron RAAF No. 73 Squadron RAAF No. 75 Squadron RAAF No. 76 Squadron RAAF No. 77 Squadron RAAF No. 78 Squadron RAAF No. 79 Squadron RAAF No. 80 Squadron RAAF No. 82 Squadron RAAF No. 83 Squadron RAAF No. 84 Squadron RAAF No. 85 Squadron RAAF No. 86 Squadron RAAF No. 87 Squadron RAAF No. 92 Squadron RAAF No. 93 Squadron RAAF No. 94 Squadron RAAF No. 99 Squadron RAAF No. 100 Squadron RAAF No. 102 Squadron RAAF No. 107 Squadron RAAF No. 292 Squadron RAAF RAAF Squadron Berlin Air Lift Fighter Squadron RAAF Rescue and Communication Squadron RAAF Seaplane Squadron RAAF RAAF University Squadrons

Flight

Air ambulance units

No. 1 Air Ambulance Unit RAAF No. 2 Air Ambulance Unit RAAF

Air-sea rescue flights

No. 111 Air-Sea Rescue Flight RAAF No. 112 Air-Sea Rescue Flight RAAF No. 113 Air-Sea Rescue Flight RAAF No. 114 Air-Sea Rescue Flight RAAF No. 115 Air-Sea Rescue Flight RAAF

Air observation post flights

No. 16 Air Observation Post Flight RAAF No. 17 Air Observation Post Flight RAAF

Communication units

No. 1 Communication Unit RAAF No. 2 Communication Unit RAAF No. 3 Communication Unit RAAF No. 4 Communication Unit RAAF No. 5 Communication Unit RAAF No. 6 Communication Unit RAAF No. 7 Communication Unit RAAF No. 8 Communication Unit RAAF No. 9 Communication Unit RAAF No. 10 Communication Unit RAAF No. 11 Communication Unit RAAF No. 12 Communication Unit RAAF No. 13 Communication Unit RAAF No. 30 Transport Unit RAAF

Forward air control flights

No. 4 Forward Air Control Flight RAAF Forward Air Control Development Unit RAAF

Transport flights

No. 9 Local Air Supply Unit RAAF No. 10 Local Air Supply Unit RAAF No. 12 Local Air Supply Unit RAAF No. 33 Flight RAAF No. 200 Flight RAAF Governor-General's Flight RAAF RAAF Transport Flight (Japan) RAAF Transport Flight Vietnam Transport Support Flight RAAF Transport Flight Butterworth RAAF

Miscellaneous flights

No. 1 Long Range Flight RAAF No. 5 Flight RAAF No. 101 Flight RAAF No. 201 Flight RAAF Antarctic Flight RAAF Lincoln Conversion Flight RAAF Seaplane Training Flight RAAF Survey Flight RAAF Target Towing and Special
Special
Duties Flight RAAF RAAF Washington Flying Unit

List of Royal Australian Air Force
Royal Australian Air Force
groups, List of Royal Australian Air Force wings, List of Royal Australian Air Force
Royal Australian Air Force
aircraft squadrons, List of Royal Australian Air Force
Royal Australian Air Force
independent aircraft flights

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 159418480 LCCN: n50065952 ISNI: 0000 0004 0446 6844 GND: 5115676-

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