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The Royal Armoured Corps
Corps
(RAC) provides the armour capability of the British Army, with vehicles such as the Challenger 2
Challenger 2
Tank and the Scimitar Reconnaissance Vehicle. It was created as a loose association of armoured regiments, both the Royal Tank Regiment
Royal Tank Regiment
and those converted from old horse cavalry regiments.[1] Today it comprises fourteen regiments - nine regular and four Yeomanry.

Contents

1 History 2 Present day units (c. 2017)

2.1 Basing

2.1.1 UK regiments 2.1.2 Overseas regiments 2.1.3 Band

3 Reorganisation

3.1 Delivering Security in a Changing World (2004)

3.1.1 Deployments 3.1.2 UK based regiments 3.1.3 Germany
Germany
based regiments

3.2 Strategic Defence and Security Review (2010)/Army 2020 3.3 Strategic Defence and Security Review (2015)/Army 2020 Refine

4 Order of precedence 5 Related units 6 See also 7 Notes 8 References 9 External links

History[edit]

Arms of the British Army

Combat Arms

Royal Armoured Corps Infantry

Guards Division Scottish, Welsh and Irish Division King's Division Queen's Division Parachute Regiment Royal Gurkha Rifles The Rifles

Special
Special
Air Service Army Air Corps Special
Special
Reconnaissance Regiment

Combat Support Arms

Royal Artillery Royal Engineers Royal Corps
Corps
of Signals Intelligence Corps

Combat Services

Royal Army Chaplains' Department Royal Logistic Corps Army Medical Services

Royal Army Medical Corps Royal Army Dental Corps Royal Army Veterinary Corps Queen Alexandra's Royal Army Nursing Corps

Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers Adjutant General's Corps

Educational and Training Services Branch Army Legal Services Branch Provost Branch (Royal Military Police Military Provost Staff Military Provost Guard Service)

Small Arms School Corps Royal Army Physical Training Corps General Service Corps Corps
Corps
of Army Music

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See also: List of Royal Armoured Corps
Corps
Regiments in World War II The RAC was created on 4 April 1939, just before World War II
World War II
started, by combining regiments from the cavalry of the line which had mechanised with the Royal Tank Corps
Royal Tank Corps
(renamed Royal Tank Regiment).[2] As the war went on and other regular cavalry and Territorial Army Yeomanry
Yeomanry
units became mechanised, the corps was enlarged.[3] A significant number of infantry battalions also converted to the armoured role as RAC regiments.[4] In addition, the RAC created its own training and support regiments. Finally, in 1944, the RAC absorbed the regiments of the Reconnaissance Corps.[1] Present day units (c. 2017)[edit]

Recruiting areas of the regular army regiments

The Royal Armoured Corps
Corps
is divided into regiments which operate main battle tanks (Armour), those in reconnaissance vehicles (Armoured Cavalry), and those in Weapons Mount vehicles (Light Cavalry). Of these, three regiments are designated Dragoon
Dragoon
Guards, two as Hussars, one as Lancers
Lancers
and one as Dragoons. The remaining regiment is the Royal Tank Regiment. In the regular army, there are three armoured regiments, three armoured cavalry regiments and three light cavalry regiments. In the army reserve, there is one armoured regiment and three light cavalry regiments.[5]

Regular Army

Household Cavalry
Household Cavalry
Regiment1 (HCR) - Armoured Cavalry 1st The Queen's Dragoon Guards (QDG) - Light Cavalry The Royal Scots Dragoon Guards (Carabiniers and Greys) (SCOTS DG) - Light Cavalry The Royal Dragoon Guards (RDG) - Armoured Cavalry The Queen's Royal Hussars
Hussars
(The Queen's Own and Royal Irish) (QRH) - Armour The Royal Lancers
Lancers
(Queen Elizabeths' Own) (RL) - Armoured Cavalry The King's Royal Hussars
Hussars
(KRH) - Armour The Light Dragoons
Dragoons
(LD) - Light Cavalry Royal Tank Regiment2 (RTR) - Armour

1: For operational purposes, the Household Cavalry Regiment
Household Cavalry Regiment
is considered to be part of the RAC and constitutes the third armoured reconnaissance regiment. 2: The Royal Tank Regiment
Royal Tank Regiment
retains a CBRN reconnaissance and survey squadron as part of its establishment[6]

Army Reserve - Yeomanry

The Royal Yeomanry
Yeomanry
(RY) - Light Cavalry The Royal Wessex Yeomanry
Yeomanry
(RWxY) - Armour Scottish and North Irish Yeomanry
Yeomanry
(SNIY) - Light Cavalry The Queen's Own Yeomanry
Yeomanry
(QOY) - Light Cavalry

A system of pairing exists in the British Army
British Army
of Regular to Reserve unit. Through this, operational and training cycles are aligned, resources shared and strategic depth enabled. In the Royal Armoured Corps
Corps
this manifests with each yeomanry unit being paired with a regular unit of the same role.

Regular Army Army Reserve

1st The Queen's Dragoon
Dragoon
Guards Royal Yeomanry

Royal Scots Dragoon
Dragoon
Guards Scottish & North Irish Yeomanry

The Light Dragoons Queen's Own Yeomanry

King's Royal Hussars Royal Wessex Yeomanry1

Queen's Royal Hussars

Royal Tank Regiment

1: The Royal Wessex Yeomanry
Yeomanry
provides replacement soldiers for armoured regiments, and therefore is paired with all three regular army units operating main battle tanks. Basing[edit] Regiments of the Royal Armoured Corps
Corps
are based in the UK and Germany.[7] Under the Army2020 future basing plans all RAC regiments will be stationed in the UK; as of April 2018, the Queen's Royal Hussars
Hussars
are the final overseas based unit, and are due to return to Tidworth by 2018. UK regiments[edit]

Tidworth - Kings Royal Hussars; Royal Tank Regiment Catterick - The Royal Dragoon
Dragoon
Guards; The Royal Lancers; The Light Dragoons Windsor - Household Cavalry
Household Cavalry
Regiment Swanton Morley - 1st The Queen's Dragoon
Dragoon
Guards Leuchars - The Royal Scots Dragoon Guards (Carabiniers and Greys) London
London
& Midlands - Royal Yeomanry South of England
South of England
- Royal Wessex Yeomanry North of England
North of England
- Queen's Own Yeomanry Scotland
Scotland
& Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
- Scottish and North Irish Yeomanry

Overseas regiments[edit]

Sennelager
Sennelager
- The Queen's Royal Hussars
Hussars
(The Queen's Own and Royal Irish)

Band[edit] The Band of the Royal Armoured Corps
Corps
is the single band representing the RAC, which falls under the administration of the Corps
Corps
of Army Music. This was formed in 2014 by the amalgamation of the Heavy Cavalry and Cambrai Band, and the Light Cavalry Band. The Band of the Royal Armoured Corps
Corps
is stationed at Catterick. The Royal Yeomanry
Yeomanry
also operates an Army Reserve Band, which, alongside the bands of the Household Division, and The Honourable Artillery Regimental Band, form the state bands. Reorganisation[edit] Delivering Security in a Changing World (2004)[edit] The reorganisation of the Army announced in 2004 led to significant changes to the Royal Armoured Corps. Reorganisation that began in 2003 would see three armoured regiments removed from Germany
Germany
to the UK, with one re-roled as an FR regiment. In addition, three Challenger 2 squadrons will be converted to Interim Medium Armour Squadrons, while each FR regiment will gain a Command and Support Squadron.[8] Deployments[edit] As part of the reorganisation, postings will be realigned: UK based regiments[edit]

Catterick: Armoured Regiment (RDG) (4th Mechanised Brigade), Formation Reconnaissance Regiment (QRL) (4th Mechanized Brigade) Tidworth: 2 x Armoured Regiment (RTR, KRH), (1st Mechanized Brigade, 12th Mechanized Brigade,) Windsor: Formation Reconnaissance Regiment (HCR) (Theatre Troops) Swanton Morley: Formation Reconnaissance Regiment (LD) (Theatre Troops) Warminster: Training/Demonstration squadron (A Squadron, RTR) Honington: Armoured Regiment (1RTR) Bovington: HQ RAC

Germany
Germany
based regiments[edit]

Bad Fallingbostel: Armoured Regiment (SCOTS DG) (7 Armoured Brigade) Sennelager: Armoured Regiment (QRH), Formation Reconnaissance Regiment (QDG) (20 Armoured Brigade) Hohne: Formation Reconnaissance Regiment (9/12L) (7 Armoured Brigade)

Strategic Defence and Security Review (2010)/Army 2020[edit] In 2012, following the Strategic Defence and Security Review of 2010, specific proposals about the make up of the future British Army
British Army
were announced under the title Army 2020. These proposals were intended to reduce the size of the army to around 82,000. The Royal Armoured Corps was to be reduced by a total of two regiments, with the 9th/12th Royal Lancers
Lancers
amalgamated with the Queen's Royal Lancers
Lancers
to form a single lancer regiment, the Royal Lancers, and the 1st and 2nd Royal Tank Regiments joined to form a single Royal Tank Regiment. The Royal Armoured Corps
Corps
will also see a shift with one third of its regiments operating as armoured regiments with main battle tanks, another third as formation reconnaissance regiments and a final third as light cavalry using Jackal vehicles.[9] Armoured regiments would consist of Type 56 regiments, each with three Sabre Squadrons (comprising 18 Challenger 2
Challenger 2
Tanks each) and a command and recce squadron. Armoured Cavalry or formation reconnaissance regiments would also have a command and recce squadron and three Sabre Squadrons; which will initially be equipped with Combat Vehicle Reconnaissance (Tracked), and then with Future Rapid Effect System
Future Rapid Effect System
Scout vehicles.[10][11] Jackal regiments will be part of the Adaptable Force, comprising three Sabre Squadrons (each with 16 vehicles). These regiments will be paired with a Yeomanry
Yeomanry
regiment.[11][12] The new structure of the Reaction Force will see three armoured regiments, each assigned to a new "Armoured Infantry Brigade", alongside a formation reconnaissance regiment (renamed as "armoured cavalry"), two armoured infantry battalions and a heavy protected mobility battalion. These six regiments will fall operationally under what will become known as the "reaction forces", which will be the army's high readiness force. The remaining three regiments will be located with the remainder of the regular army under what has been term the "adaptable forces", which will provide a pool of resources to back up operations conducted by the "reaction forces". This new basing plan on 5 March 2013 gave an overview of where the regiments will be based.[13] All RAC regiments will be UK based, with the 1st The Queen's Dragoon Guards moving to Swanton Morley, The Royal Scots Dragoon Guards moving to the Leuchars area, the Queen's Royal Hussars
Hussars
to Tidworth, the Royal Lancers
Lancers
settling in Catterick, the Light Dragoons
Dragoons
in Catterick, and the Royal Tank Regiment
Royal Tank Regiment
to Tidworth. The expected Army 2020 layout for the RAC is to be:[14]

Armoured Regiment (Challenger 2) Armoured Cavalry (Scimitar) Light Cavalry (Jackal) Light Cavalry (Land Rover WMIK)[15]

1st Armoured Infantry Brigade 7th Infantry Brigade

The Royal Tank Regiment Household Cavalry
Household Cavalry
Regiment 1st The Queen's Dragoon
Dragoon
Guards The Royal Yeomanry

12th Armoured Infantry Brigade 4th Infantry Brigade

The King's Royal Hussars The Royal Lancers (Queen Elizabeth's Own) The Light Dragoons The Queen's Own Yeomanry

20th Armoured Infantry Brigade 51st Infantry Brigade

The Queen's Royal Hussars (Queen's Own and Royal Irish) The Royal Dragoon
Dragoon
Guards The Royal Scots Dragoon
Dragoon
Guards (Carabiniers and Greys) The Scottish and North Irish Yeomanry

The Royal Wessex Yeomanry (MBT crew replacement)

Strategic Defence and Security Review (2015)/Army 2020 Refine[edit] Under a further review called "Army 2020 Refine", there will be a further change to the Royal Armoured Corps. The King's Royal Hussars will exchange its Challenger 2
Challenger 2
tanks for Ajax (Scout SV)
Ajax (Scout SV)
vehicles and with the Household Cavalry, form the first "Strike Brigade".[16][17] Order of precedence[edit]

Preceded by Household Cavalry Order of Precedence Succeeded by Royal Regiment of Artillery

Related units[edit] This unit is allied with the following:

Royal Canadian Armoured Corps Royal Australian Armoured Corps Royal New Zealand Armoured Corps Kor Armor Diraja (Royal Armoured Corps) - Malaysia

See also[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Royal Armoured Corps.

British Army
British Army
portal

Structure of the British Army

Notes[edit]

^ a b Forty p. 63. ^ "The Royal Tank Regiment
Royal Tank Regiment
[UK]". 3 January 2006. Archived from the original on 3 January 2006.  ^ "Royal Armoured Corps
Corps
[UK]". 3 January 2006. Archived from the original on 3 January 2006.  ^ Forty pp. 50–1 ^ Heyman, p.67 ^ Ipeanddevelopment (7 August 2014). "The Royal Tank Regiment: Back in the CBRN game".  ^ Heyman, p.66 ^ Delivering Security in a Changing World Ministry of Defence ^ Transforming the British Army
British Army
Annex D Archived June 16, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Transforming the British Army
British Army
Annex B[dead link] ^ a b Transforming the British Army, July 2012 Archived April 18, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Transforming the British Army
British Army
Annex C[dead link] ^ Ministry of Defence (2013-03-05). "Regular army basing plan - Publications". GOV.UK. Retrieved 2014-05-05.  ^ "Regular Army Basing Announcement" (PDF). AFF. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 August 2016. Retrieved 12 March 2013.  ^ Army 2020 Report, page 24 Archived June 10, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. ^ " British Army
British Army
to form first strike brigade, cut MBT numbers". IHS Janes. Retrieved 18 December 2016.  ^ "Strategic Defence and Security Review - Army:Written statement - HCWS367 - UK Parliament". Parliament.uk. 2014-12-04. Retrieved 2016-12-16. 

References[edit]

Forty, George (1998). British Army
British Army
Handbook 1939–1945. Sutton Publishing. ISBN 0-7509-1403-3.  Heyman, Charles (2013). The British Army: A Pocket Guide, 2012-2013. Pen & Sword Military. 

External links[edit]

Royal Armoured Corps
Corps
homepage Royal Armoured Corps
Corps
News Merseyside RTR(Brian Gills website) Land Forces of Britain, the Empire and Commonwealth

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British Army

General

Ministry of Defence Army Headquarters Army Board Chief of the General Staff Deputy Chief of the General Staff Army Sergeant Major Joint Helicopter Command Structure Order of Precedence Installations Equipment (Rifles) Recruitment Training Ranks

officer rank insignia other ranks other ranks rank insignia

Medals Uniforms National Army Museum History Timeline Army 2020 Army Reserve United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Special
Special
Forces

Regiments

Household Cavalry

Life Guards Blues and Royals Household Cavalry
Household Cavalry
Regiment Household Cavalry
Household Cavalry
Mounted Regiment

Royal Armoured Corps

1st The Queen's Dragoon
Dragoon
Guards Royal Scots Dragoon
Dragoon
Guards Royal Dragoon
Dragoon
Guards Queen's Royal Hussars Royal Lancers King's Royal Hussars Light Dragoons Royal Tank Regiment Royal Yeomanry Royal Wessex Yeomanry Queen's Own Yeomanry Scottish and North Irish Yeomanry

Infantry

Foot Guards

Grenadier Guards Coldstream Guards Scots Guards Irish Guards Welsh Guards London
London
Regiment

Line Infantry

Royal Regiment of Scotland Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment Duke of Lancaster's Regiment Royal Regiment of Fusiliers Royal Anglian Regiment Yorkshire Regiment Mercian Regiment Royal Welsh Royal Irish Regiment

Rifles

Royal Gurkha Rifles The Rifles

Airborne

Parachute Regiment

Overseas Regiments

Royal Gibraltar Regiment Royal Bermuda Regiment Royal Montserrat Defence Force Falkland Islands Defence Force

Other Combat Arms

Special
Special
Air Service Special
Special
Reconnaissance Regiment Army Air Corps

Combat Support Arms

Royal Artillery Royal Engineers Royal Corps
Corps
of Signals Intelligence Corps

Combat Services

Royal Army Chaplains' Department Royal Logistic Corps Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers Small Arms School Corps Royal Army Physical Training Corps General Service Corps Corps
Corps
of Army Music

Army Medical Services

Royal Army Medical Corps Royal Army Dental Corps Royal Army Veterinary Corps Queen Alexandra's Royal Army Nursing Corps

Adjutant General's Corps

Staff and Personnel Support Educational and Training Services Branch Army Legal Services Branch Royal Military Police Military Provost Staff Military Provost Guard Service

Category Portal

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1st The Queen's Dragoon
Dragoon
Guards

Predecessors

1st generation

1st King's Dragoon Guards (1685–1959) 2nd Dragoon Guards (Queen's Bays) (1685–1959)

Victoria Cross

John Doogan Charles Anderson Robert Blair Thomas Monaghan Nevill Smyth

See also

Dragoon Dragoon
Dragoon
Guards Cavalry regiments of the British Army Armoured regiment Royal Armoured Corps 7th Infantry Brigade

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Royal Scots Dragoon
Dragoon
Guards

Predecessors

1st generation

Royal Scots Greys (2nd Dragoons) (1678–1971) 3rd Dragoon Guards (1685–1922) Carabiniers (6th Dragoon
Dragoon
Guards) (1688–1922)

2nd generation

Royal Scots Greys (2nd Dragoons) (1678–1971) 3rd Carabiniers (1922–1971)

Victoria Cross

Henry Ramage John Grieve Geoffrey Keyes

See also

Dragoon Dragoon
Dragoon
Guards Cavalry regiments of the British Army Armoured regiment Royal Armoured Corps 51st Infantry Brigade

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Royal Dragoon
Dragoon
Guards

Predecessors

1st generation

4th Royal Irish Dragoon Guards (1685–1922) 7th Dragoon Guards (1688–1922) 6th (Inniskilling) Dragoons
Dragoons
(1688–1922) 5th Dragoon Guards (1685–1922)

2nd generation

4th/7th Royal Dragoon Guards (1922–1992) 5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards (1922–1992)

Victoria Cross

Adrian Carton de Wiart John Norwood James Mouat

See also

Dragoon Dragoon
Dragoon
Guards Cavalry regiments of the British Army Armoured regiment Royal Armoured Corps 20th Armoured Infantry Brigade 4th Armoured Brigade "The Enniskillen Dragoon" "Is This the Way to Armadillo" Irish in the British Armed Forces Royal Irish Regiment Irish Guards Queen's Royal Hussars North Irish Horse

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Queen's Royal Hussars

Predecessors

1st generation

3rd The King's Own Hussars
Hussars
(1685–1958) 7th Queen's Own Hussars
Hussars
(1689–1958) 4th Queen's Own Hussars
Hussars
(1685–1958) 8th King's Royal Irish Hussars
Hussars
(1693–1958)

2nd generation

Queen's Own Hussars
Hussars
(1958–1993) Queen's Royal Irish Hussars
Hussars
(1958–1993)

Victoria Cross

James Champion Samuel Parkes Clement Walker Heneage George Hollis John Pearson Joseph Ward William Bankes Charles Craufurd Fraser

See also

Hussar Cavalry regiments of the British Army Armoured regiment Royal Armoured Corps 20th Armoured Infantry Brigade Charge of the Light Brigade The Queen's Own Hussars
Hussars
Museum Irish in the British Armed Forces Royal Irish Regiment Irish Guards Royal Dragoon
Dragoon
Guards North Irish Horse

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Royal Lancers

Predecessors

1st generation

9th Queen's Royal Lancers
Lancers
(1715–1960) 12th Royal Lancers
Lancers
(1715–1960) 16th The Queen's Lancers
Lancers
(1759–1922) 5th Royal Irish Lancers
Lancers
(1689–1799; 1858–1922) 17th Lancers
Lancers
(1759–1922) 21st Lancers
Lancers
(1858–1922)

2nd generation

9th/12th Royal Lancers
Lancers
(1960–2015) 16th/5th The Queen's Royal Lancers
Lancers
(1922–1993) 17th/21st Lancers
Lancers
(1922–1993)

3rd generation

9th/12th Royal Lancers
Lancers
(1960–2015) Queen's Royal Lancers
Lancers
(1993–2015)

Victoria Cross

William Goate Robert Kells David Rushe David Spence Francis Grenfell James Roberts William Beresford Patrick Donohoe John Freeman Thomas Hancock Henry Hartigan Alfred Jones Robert Newell John Purcell George Clare Frederic Dugdale Alexander Murray Charles Wooden Charles Hull Paul Kenna John Berryman John Farrell Brian Lawrence Evelyn Wood Thomas Byrne Raymond de Montmorency

See also

Lancer Cavalry regiments of the British Army Armoured regiment Royal Armoured Corps 12th Armoured Infantry Brigade

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King's Royal Hussars

Predecessors

1st generation

10th Royal Hussars
Hussars
(1715–1969) 11th Hussars
Hussars
(1715–1969) 14th King's Hussars
Hussars
(1715–1922) 20th Hussars
Hussars
(1862–1922)

2nd generation

Royal Hussars
Hussars
(1969–1992) 14th/20th King's Hussars
Hussars
(1922–1992)

Victoria Cross

Henry Engleheart John Milbanke Alexander Dunn Edward Brown James Leith

See also

Dragoon Dragoon
Dragoon
Guards Cavalry regiments of the British Army Armoured regiment Royal Armoured Corps 12th Armoured Infantry Brigade

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Light Dragoons

Predecessors

1st generation

13th Hussars
Hussars
(1715–1922) 18th Royal Hussars
Hussars
(1759–1821; 1858–1922) 15th The King's Hussars
Hussars
(1759–1922) 19th Royal Hussars
Hussars
(1857–1922)

2nd generation

13th/18th Royal Hussars
Hussars
(1922–1992) 15th/19th The King's Royal Hussars
Hussars
(1922–1992)

Victoria Cross

Joseph Malone Harry Crandon William Marshall Charles Garforth Herbert Columbine

See also

Dragoon Dragoon
Dragoon
Guards Cavalry regiments of the British Army Armoured regiment Royal Armoured Corps 4th Infa

.

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