ROYAL ALBERT HALL is a concert hall on the northern edge of South Kensington , London , which holds the Proms concerts annually each summer since 1941. It has a capacity of up to 5,272 seats. The Hall is a registered charity held in trust for the nation and receives no public or government funding.
Since its opening by Queen Victoria in 1871, the world's leading artists from many performance genres have appeared on its stage and it has become one of the UK's most treasured and distinctive buildings. The location of some of the most notable events in British culture , each year it hosts more than 390 shows in the main auditorium, including classical, rock and pop concerts, ballet, opera, film screenings with live orchestra, sports, award ceremonies, school and community events, charity performances and banquets. A further 400 events are held each year in the non-auditorium spaces.
The Hall was originally supposed to have been called the _Central Hall of Arts and Sciences_, but the name was changed to the _Royal Albert Hall of Arts and Sciences_ by Queen Victoria upon laying the Hall's foundation stone in 1867, in memory of her husband consort , Prince Albert who had died six years earlier. It forms the practical part of a memorial to the Prince Consort – the decorative part is the Albert Memorial directly to the north in Kensington Gardens , now separated from the Hall by Kensington Gore .
* 1 History
* 1.1 1800s * 1.2 1900s
* 1.3 2000s
* 1.3.1 2011 * 1.3.2 2012 * 1.3.3 2013 * 1.3.4 2014
* 2 Design
* 3 Events
* 3.1 Regular events
* 3.1.1 Royal Choral Society * 3.1.2 BBC Proms * 3.1.3 Tennis * 3.1.4 Classical Spectacular * 3.1.5 Cirque du Soleil * 3.1.6 Classic Brit Awards * 3.1.7 Festival of Remembrance * 3.1.8 Institute of Directors * 3.1.9 English National Ballet * 3.1.10 Teenage Cancer Trust * 3.1.11 Graduation Ceremonies * 3.1.12 Films, premières and live orchestra screenings * 3.1.13 Beyond the main stage
* 3.2 Regular performers
* 4 Education "> The first performance at the Hall. The decorated canvas awning is seen beneath the dome.
The official opening ceremony of the Hall was on 29 March 1871. A welcoming speech was given by Edward, the Prince of Wales ; Queen Victoria was too overcome to speak. At some point, the Queen remarked that the Hall reminded her of the British constitution.
A concert followed, when the Hall's acoustic problems became immediately apparent. Engineers first attempted to solve the strong echo by suspending a canvas awning below the dome. This helped and also sheltered concertgoers from the sun, but the problem was not solved: it used to be jokingly said that the Hall was "the only place where a British composer could be sure of hearing his work twice".
In July 1871, French organist Camille Saint-Saëns performed _Church Scene_ from the Faust by Charles Gounod , _The Orchestra_ described his performance as "an exceptional and distinguished performer ... the effect was most marvellous."
Initially lit by gas , the Hall contained a special system where its thousands of gas jets were lit within ten seconds. Though it was demonstrated as early as 1873 in the Hall, full electric lighting was not installed until 1888. During an early trial when a partial installation was made, one disgruntled patron wrote to _ The Times _ declaring it to be "a very ghastly and unpleasant innovation".
In May 1877, Richard Wagner himself conducted the first half of each of the eight concerts which made up the Grand Wagner Festival. After his turn with the baton he handed it over to conductor Hans Richter and sat in a large arm chair on the corner of the stage for the rest of each concert. Wagner's wife Cosima , the daughter of Hungarian virtuoso pianist and composer Franz Liszt , was among the audience.
The Wine Society was founded at the Hall on 4 August 1874, after large quantities of cask wine were forgotten about in the cellars. A series of lunches were held to publicise the wines and General Henry Scott proposed a co-operative company to buy and sell wines. Acoustic diffusing discs (lit in purple/blue) hanging from the roof of the Hall. The fluted aluminium panels are seen behind. Postcard of the Hall (circa 1903) with an inset of the Albert Memorial .
In 1906 Elsie Fogerty founded the Central School of Speech and Drama at the Hall, using its West Theatre, now the Elgar Room as the School's theatre. The School moved to Swiss Cottage in north London in 1957. Whilst the School was based at the Royal Albert Hall students who graduated from its classes included Judi Dench , Vanessa Redgrave , Harold Pinter , Laurence Olivier and Peggy Ashcroft .
In 1911 Russian pianist and composer Sergei Rachmaninoff performed as a part of the London Ballad Concert. The recital included his 'Prelude in F Sharp Minor', 'Prelude in G Sharp Minor' and 'Prelude in C Sharp Minor'.
In 1933 German physicist Albert Einstein led the 'Einstein Meeting' at the hall for the Council for Assisting Refugee Academics; a British charity.
In 1936, the Hall was the scene of a giant rally celebrating the British Empire , the occasion being the centenary of Joseph Chamberlain 's birth. In October 1942, the Hall suffered minor damage during World War II bombing but was left mostly untouched as German pilots used the distinctive structure as a landmark.
In 1949 the canvas awning was removed and replaced with fluted aluminium panels below the glass roof, in a new attempt to solve the echo; but the acoustics were not properly tackled until 1969 when a series of large fibreglass acoustic diffusing discs (commonly referred to as "mushrooms" or "flying saucers") was installed below the ceiling. In 1968, the Hall hosted as the venue for the Eurovision Song Contest.
From 1996 until 2004, the Hall underwent a programme of renovation and development supported by a £20 million grant from the Heritage Lottery Fund to enable it to meet the demands of the next century of events and performances. Thirty "discrete projects" were designed and supervised by architecture and engineering firm BDP without disrupting events. These projects included improving ventilation to the auditorium, more bars and restaurants, new improved seating, better technical facilities and more modern backstage areas. Internally, the Circle seating was rebuilt in four weeks in June 1996 providing more leg room, better access and improved sight lines.
The largest project of the ongoing renovation and development was the building of a new south porch – door 12, accommodating a first floor restaurant, new ground floor box office and below ground loading bay. Although the exterior of the building was largely unchanged, the south steps leading down to Prince Consort Road were demolished to allow construction of an underground vehicle access and loading bay with accommodation for 3 HGVs carrying all the equipment brought by shows. The steps were then reconstructed around a new south porch, named The Meitar Foyer after a significant donation from Mr ">
Between 2002 and 2004 there was a major rebuilding of the great organ (known as the Voice of Jupiter), built by "Father" Henry Willis in 1871 and rebuilt by Harrison "> Royal Albert Hall from Prince Consort Road
From January to May the Box Office area at Door 12 underwent further modernisation to include a new Café Bar on the ground floor, a new Box Office with shop counters and additional toilets. The design and construction was carried out by contractor 8Build. Upon opening it was renamed 'The Zvi and Ofra Meitar Porch and Foyer.' owing to a large donation from the couple.
In Autumn 2013, work began on replacing the Victorian steam heating system over three years and improving and cooling across the building. This work follows the summer Proms season during which temperatures were particularly high.
From January the Cafe Consort on the Grand Tier was closed permanently in preparation for a new restaurant at a cost of £1 million. The refurbishment, the first in around 10 years, was designed by consultancy firm Keane Brands and carried out by contractor 8Build. _Verdi – Italian Kitchen_ was officially opened on 15 April with a lunch or dinner menu of 'stone baked pizzas, pasta and classic desserts'
_ The Triumph of Arts and Sciences_.
The Hall, a Grade I listed building , is an ellipse in plan, with major and minor axes of 83 m (272 ft) and 72 m (236 ft). The great glass and wrought-iron dome roofing the Hall is 41 m (135 ft) high. The Hall was originally designed with a capacity for 8,000 people and has accommodated as many as 9,000 (although modern safety restrictions mean that the maximum permitted capacity is now 5,544 including standing in the Gallery).
Around the outside of the building is a great mosaic frieze, depicting "The Triumph of Arts and Sciences", in reference to the Hall's dedication. Proceeding anti-clockwise from the north side the sixteen subjects of the frieze are:
* Various Countries of the World bringing in their Offerings to the Exhibition of 1851 * Music * Sculpture * Painting * Princes, Art Patrons and Artists * Workers in Stone * Workers in Wood and Brick * Architecture * The Infancy of the Arts and Sciences * Agriculture * Horticulture and Land Surveying * Astronomy and Navigation * A Group of Philosophers, Sages and Students * Engineering * The Mechanical Powers * Pottery and Glassmaking
Above the frieze is an inscription in 12-inch-high (300 mm) terracotta letters that combines historical fact and Biblical quotations:
This hall was erected for the advancement of the arts and sciences and works of industry of all nations in fulfilment of the intention of Albert Prince Consort. The site was purchased with the proceeds of the Great Exhibition of the year MDCCCLI. The first stone of the Hall was laid by Her Majesty Queen Victoria on the twentieth day of May MDCCCLXVII and it was opened by Her Majesty the Twenty Ninth of March in the year MDCCCLXXI. Thine O Lord is the greatness and the power and the glory and the victory and the majesty. For all that is in the heaven and in the earth is Thine. The wise and their works are in the hand of God. Glory be to God on high and on earth peace.
Below the Arena floor there is room for two 4000 gallon water tanks, which are used for shows that flood the arena like _Madame Butterfly _.
Amphi corridor on the ground floor, facing West from Door 6 *
The Door 9 porch at night *
Second Tier corridor, facing West from Door 6 *
Fluted aluminium roof and diffuser discs seen from the Gallery *
The glazed roof and vertical struts supporting the fluted aluminium ceiling, beneath the wooden floor
The Hall at the opening ceremony, seen from Kensington Gardens
Many events are promoted by the Hall, whilst since the early 1970s promoter Raymond Gubbay has brought a range of events to the Hall including opera, ballet and classical music. Some events include classical and rock concerts, conferences, banquets, ballroom dancing, poetry recitals, educational talks, motor shows, ballet, opera, film screenings and circus shows. It has hosted many sporting events, including boxing, squash, table tennis, basketball, wrestling including the first Sumo wrestling tournament to be held in London as well as UFC 38 (the first UFC event to be held in the UK), tennis and even a marathon.
On 6 April 1968, the Hall was the host venue for the Eurovision Song Contest which was broadcast in colour for the first time. One notable event was a Pink Floyd concert held 26 June 1969, the night they were banned from ever playing at the Hall again after shooting cannons, nailing things to the stage, and having a man in a gorilla suit roam the audience. At one point Rick Wright went to the pipe organ and began to play "The End Of The Beginning", the final part of "Saucerful Of Secrets", joined by the brass section of the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra (led by the conductor, Norman Smith) and the ladies of the Ealing Central Amateur Choir. A portion of the pipe organ recording is included on Pink Floyd's album _ The Endless River _.
On the 18th June 1985, British gothic rock band The Sisters of Mercy recorded their live video album _Wake_ at the Hall. The concert was also the band's last performance with guitarist Wayne Hussey and bassist Craig Adams .
Benefit concerts in include the 1997 _ Music for Montserrat _ concert, arranged and produced by George Martin , an event which featured artists such as Phil Collins , Mark Knopfler , Sting , Elton John , Eric Clapton and Paul McCartney , and 2012 Sunflower Jam charity concert with Queen guitarist Brian May performing alongside bassist John Paul Jones of Led Zeppelin , drummer Ian Paice of Deep Purple , and vocalists Bruce Dickinson of Iron Maiden and Alice Cooper .
On 2 October 2011, the Hall staged the 25th anniversary performance of Andrew Lloyd Webber 's _The Phantom of the Opera _, which was broadcast live to cinemas across the world and filmed for DVD . Lloyd Webber, the original London cast including Sarah Brightman and Michael Crawford , and four previous actors of the titular character, among others, were in attendance – Brightman and the previous Phantoms (aside from Crawford) performed an encore.
On 24 September 2012, Classic FM celebrated the 20th anniversary of their launch with a concert at the Hall. The programme featured live performances of works by Handel , Puccini , Rachmaninoff , Parry , Vaughan Williams , Tchaikovsky and Karl Jenkins who conducted his piece _The Benedictus_ from _ The Armed Man _ in person.
Between 1996 and 2008, the Hall hosted the annual National Television Awards all of which were hosted by Sir Trevor McDonald .
On 3rd May 2016, singer-songwriter and Soundgarden vocalist Chris Cornell played at the hall what would become the last UK show of his life as part of his "Higher Truth" European tour. Cornell had purposefully scheduled his tour around the availability of the hall. Cornell performed stripped-back acoustic renditions from his exhaustive back-catalogue to rave reviews, including songs from the likes of Soundgarden , Temple of the Dog , Audioslave and his solo work. Cornell died on 18th May 2017.
Royal Choral Society
The Royal Choral Society is the longest running regular performance at the Hall, having given its first performance as the Royal Albert Hall Choral Society on 8 May 1872. From 1878 it established the annual Good Friday performance of Handel's _Messiah _.
A prom seen from Circle R/S The Hall from Kensington Gardens during the 2008 Proms
The BBC Promenade Concerts, known as "The Proms", is a popular annual eight-week summer season of daily classical music concerts and other events at the Hall. In 1942, following the destruction of the Queen\'s Hall in an air raid , the Hall was chosen as the new venue for the proms. In 1944 with increased danger to the Hall, part of the proms were held in the Bedford Corn Exchange . Following the end of World War II the proms continued in the Hall and have done so annually every summer since. The event was founded in 1895, and now each season consists of over 70 concerts, in addition to a series of events at other venues across the United Kingdom on the last night. In 2009, the total number of concerts reached 100 for the first time. Jiří Bělohlávek described The Proms as "the world's largest and most democratic musical festival" of all such events in the world of classical music festivals.
Proms (short for promenade concerts ) is a term which arose from the original practice of the audience promenading, or strolling, in some areas during the concert. Proms concert-goers, particularly those who stand, are sometimes described as "Promenaders", but are most commonly referred to as "Prommers".
Tennis was first played at the Hall in March 1970 and the ATP Champions Tour Masters has been played annually every December since 1997.
_Classical Spectacular_, a Raymond Gubbay production, has been coming to the Hall since 1988. It combines classical music, lights and special effects.
Cirque Du Soleil
Cirque du Soleil has performed annually, with a show being staged every January since 2003. Cirque has had to adapted many of their touring shows to perform at the venue, modifying the set, usually built for arenas or big top tents instead. The following shows have played the RAH: Saltimbanco (1996, 1997 and 2003), Alegría (1998, 1999, 2006 and 2007), Dralion (2004 and 2005), Varekai (2008 and 2010), Quidam (2009 and 2014), Totem (2011 and 2012), Koozå (2013 and 2015) and most recently, Amaluna (2016 and 2017). Amaluna's visit in 2016 marked Cirque's '20 years of Cirque at the Royal Albert Hall' celebration. Cirque's insect themed show, OVO is next to play the RAH in 2018.
Classic Brit Awards
Festival Of Remembrance
Institute Of Directors
For 60 years the Institute of Directors ' Annual Convention has been synonymous with the Hall, although in 2011 and 2012 it was held at indigO2 .
English National Ballet
Since 1998 the English National Ballet has had several specially staged arena summer seasons in partnership with the Hall and Raymond Gubbay. These include _Strictly Gershwin_, June 2008 and 2011, _Swan Lake_, June 2002, 2004, 2007, 2010 and 2013, _Romeo _ Die Another Day _ on 18 November 2002 (attended by Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip ), _ Skyfall _ on 23 October 2012 (attended by Charles, Prince of Wales and Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall ) and _ SPECTRE _ on 26 October 2015 (attended by Prince William, Duke of Cambridge and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge ).
The Hall has curated regular seasons of film-and-live-orchestra screenings since 2009, including _the Lord of the Rings trilogy _, _Gladiator _, _Star Trek _, _ Star Trek Into Darkness _, _Interstellar,_ _The Matrix _, _West Side Story _, _Breakfast at Tiffany\'s _, _Back to the Future _ and the world première of _Titanic Live in Concert_.
Beyond The Main Stage
The Hall hosts hundreds of events and activities beyond its main auditorium. There are regular free art exhibitions in the ground floor amphi corridor, which can be viewed when attending events or on dedicated viewing dates. You can take a guided tour of the Hall on most days. The most common is the one-hour Grand Tour which includes most front-of-house areas, the auditorium, the gallery and the Royal Retiring Room. Other tours include Story of the Proms, Behind the Scenes, Inside Out and School tours. Children's events include Storytelling and Music Sessions for 0 - 4 year olds which take place in the Door 9 Porch and Albert's Band sessions in the Elgar Room during school holidays. "Live Music in Verdi" takes place in the Italian restaurant on a Friday night featuring different artists each week. "Late Night Jazz" events in the Elgar Room, generally on a Thursday night, feature cabaret style seating and a relaxed atmosphere with drinks available. "Classical Coffee Mornings" are held on Sundays in the Elgar Room with musicians from the Royal College of Music accompanied with drinks and pastries. Sunday brunch events take place in Verdi Italian restaurant and features different genres of music.
Eric Clapton is a regular performer at the Hall, it having played host to his concerts almost annually for over 20 years. In December 1964, Clapton made his first appearance at the Hall with the Yardbirds . It was also the venue for his band Cream 's farewell concerts in 1968 and reunion shows in 2005. He also instigated the Concert for George , which was held at the Hall on 29 November 2002 to pay tribute to Clapton's lifelong friend, former Beatle George Harrison . Since 1964, Clapton has performed at the Hall almost 200 times, and has stated that performing at the venue is like "playing in my front room".
David Gilmour played at the Hall in support of two solo albums, while also releasing a live concert on September 2006 entitled _Remember That Night _ which was recorded during his three nights playing at the Hall for his 2006 On an Island tour. Notable guests were Robert Wyatt and David Bowie (who sang lead for "Arnold Layne" and "Comfortably Numb"). The live concert was televised by BBC One on 9 September 2007 and again on 25 May. Gilmour is set to return to the Hall; having previously played five nights in September 2015, to end his 34-day Rattle That Lock Tour on September 2016 by playing another four nights at the Hall. He will also make an appearance on 24 April 2016 as part of the Teenage Cancer Trust event.
Shirley Bassey has appeared many times at the Hall, usually as a special guest. In 2001, she sang "Happy Birthday " for the Duke of Edinburgh\'s 80th birthday concert. In 2007, she sang at Fashion Rocks in aid of the Prince\'s Trust . On 30 March 2011, she sang at a gala celebrating the 80th birthday of Mikhail Gorbachev . In May 2011, she performed at the Classic Brit Awards, singing "Goldfinger " in tribute to the recently deceased composer John Barry . On 20 June 2011, she returned and sang "Diamonds Are Forever " and "Goldfinger", accompanied by the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra , as the climax to the memorial concert for Barry.
James Last appeared 90 times at the Hall between 1973 and 2015, making him the most frequent non–British performer to have played the venue.
EDUCATION & OUTREACH
The Hall's Education & Outreach programme engages 100,000 people a year. It includes workshops for local teenagers led by musicians such as Foals , Jake Bugg , Emeli Sandé , Nicola Benedetti , Alison Balsom and First Aid Kit , innovative science and maths lessons in partnership with Samsung, visits to local residential homes from the venue's in-house group, Albert's Band, under the 'Songbook' banner, and the Friendship Matinee: an orchestral concert for community groups, with £5 admission.
The Hall is managed day to day by the chief executive Chris Cotton and five senior executives: the chief operating & financial officer, director of operations, director of business development, director of events and director of external affairs. They are accountable to the Council of the Corporation, which is the Trustee body of the charity. The Council is composed of the annually elected president, currently Mr Jon Moynihan OBE, 18 elected Members (either corporate or individual seat owners) and five Appointed Members, one each from Imperial College London , Royal Commission for the Exhibition of 1851 , Department for Culture, Media and Sport , British Museum of Natural History and the Royal College of Music .
The Hall has won several awards across different categories. From 1994 to 1998 and in 2003, the Hall won 'International Venue Of The Year' in the Pollstar Awards. In 2004 and 2005 the Hall won 'International Small Venue Of The Year' in the Pollstar Awards. In 2006 to 2010, the Hall won 'International Theatre Of The Year' in the Pollstar Awards. The Hall has won International Live Music Conference Award for 'First Venue to Come Into Your Head' in 1998, 2009 and 2013. From 2008 to 2012 the Hall was voted Superbrands leading Leisure and Entertainment Destination. On 17 October 2012 the Hall won 'London Live Music Venue of the Year' at the third annual London Lifestyle Awards. The Hall won the Showcase Award for Teenage Cancer Trust and Event Space of the Year (non Exhibition), both at the Event Awards 2010. The Hall has been voted a CoolBrand from 2009 to 2013 in the 'Attractions "> The Hall from Prince Consort Road , showing the South Steps leading up to Door 12
A famous and widely bootlegged concert by Bob Dylan at the Free Trade Hall in Manchester on 17 May 1966 was mistakenly labelled the "Royal Albert Hall Concert". In 1998, Columbia Records released an official recording, _The Bootleg Series Vol. 4: Bob Dylan Live 1966, The "Royal Albert Hall" Concert _, that maintains the erroneous title, but does include details of the actual location. Recordings from the Royal Albert Hall concerts on 26–27 May 1966 were finally released by the artist in 2016 as _The Real Royal Albert Hall 1966 Concert _.
Another concert that was mislabelled as being at the Hall was by Creedence Clearwater Revival (CCR). An album by CCR titled _The Royal Albert Hall Concert_ was released in 1980. When Fantasy Records discovered that the show on the album actually took place at the Oakland Coliseum , it retitled the album _The Concert_.
POP CULTURE REFERENCES
A large mural by Peter Blake , entitled _Appearing at the Royal Albert Hall_, is displayed in the Hall's Café Bar. Unveiled in April 2014, it shows more than 400 famous figures who have appeared on the stage.
In 1955, English film director Alfred Hitchcock filmed the climax of _The Man Who Knew Too Much _ at the Hall. The 15-minute sequence featured James Stewart, Doris Day and composer Bernard Herrmann, and was filmed partly in the Queen's Box. Hitchcock was a long-time patron of the Hall and had already set the finale of his 1927 film, _The Ring _ at the venue, as well as his initial version of _The Man Who Knew Too Much _, starring Leslie Banks, Edna Best and Peter Lorre.
In the song " A Day in the Life " by the Beatles , the Albert Hall is mentioned. The verse goes as follows: I read the news today, oh boy four thousand holes in Blackburn, Lancashire and though the holes were rather small they had to count them all now they know how many holes it takes to fill the Albert Hall I'd love to turn you on.
The song "Session Man " by the Kinks references the Hall: He never will forget at all The day he played at Albert Hall.
In some variants of " Hitler Has Only Got One Ball ", Hitler's second testicle is mentioned to be in the Hall.
PUBLIC TRANSPORT ACCESS LONDON BUSES Royal Albert Hall 9 , 10 , 52 , 360 , 452
LONDON UNDERGROUND Gloucester Road
High Street Kensington
* Ballet portal
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