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The ROYAL JORDANIAN AIR FORCE (RJAF; Arabic : سلاح الجو الملكي الأردني, transliterated Silāḥ ul-Jawu al-Malakī ’al-Urdunī) is the air force branch of the Jordanian Armed Forces .

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Early days * 1.2 1960s * 1.3 1970s * 1.4 1980s * 1.5 1991 Persian Gulf War and the 1990s * 1.6 Modern era * 1.7 Operations in Syria 2014–2015

* 2 Mission

* 3 Organization

* 3.1 Squadrons * 3.2 Royal Jordanian Air Defence

* 4 Aircraft

* 4.1 Current inventory * 4.2 Retired aircraft

* 5 Personnel

* 5.1 Commanders * 5.2 Notable persons

* 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links

HISTORY

EARLY DAYS

A de havilland Vampire FB.6 illustrating the markings of the Royal Jordanian Air Force
Royal Jordanian Air Force

Jordan
Jordan
gained independence in 1946, but its first air bases had been set up in 1931 by the Royal Air Force
Royal Air Force
. By 1950, Jordan
Jordan
began to develop a small air arm which came to be known as the ARAB LEGION AIR FORCE (ALAF). The Royal Air Force
Royal Air Force
assisted in training this small air arm and provided equipment. The ALAF's primary fighter was the de Havilland Vampire and a Vickers VC.1 Viking
Vickers VC.1 Viking
was operated as a VIP aircraft for use by the King of Jordan. By 1955 King Hussein
King Hussein
realized the need for Jordan
Jordan
to have a more modern Air force
Air force
, and on 25 September 1955 the RJAF was established. By 1958 the Royal Air Force had left Jordan
Jordan
and the RJAF had taken control of the airfields in the country.

1960S

In 1967, in the Six-Day War
Six-Day War
, Israel
Israel
destroyed Jordan's Air Force of 21 Hawker Hunters .

1970S

In the 1970s the RJAF was modernised. Lockheed F-104 Starfighters were acquired from the United States
United States
following heavy losses in the Six-Day War
Six-Day War
. However, the Starfighter proved superfluous and several were given to the Pakistan Air Force with the last unit withdrawn from service in 1977 leaving a fighter gap that would not be filled until the arrival of the Dassault Mirage F1 in 1981. The RJAF also acquired Northrop F-5 Tigers via Iran
Iran
during the reign of the Shah
Shah
who procured them from the United States. Cessna T-37 Tweets were also acquired for the training role. In 1975, the RJAF gave its fleet of 31 Hawker Hunters to the Sultan of Oman\'s Air Force , having failed in their efforts to sell them to Rhodesia or Honduras. The Hunters were delivered to SOAF Thumrait between May and June 1975.

1980S

Following peace between Egypt
Egypt
and Israel
Israel
in 1979, the RJAF began to modernize its fleet once again. The first part of this program was the procurement of the Dassault Mirage F1 which became the RJAF's frontline fighter supported by generous aid from wealthy oil-rich Arab states. The Mirage F1
Mirage F1
was selected over the General Dynamics F-16/79 (an F-16A powered by the GE J79 turbojet series as opposed to the Pratt "> Hunter F.73 of the Royal Jordanian Air Force
Royal Jordanian Air Force
in 1971

Some six Lockheed C-130H Hercules entered RJAF service and remain critical in supporting Jordan's peacekeeping efforts. In 1987 the RJAF received CASA C-101s to replace the T-37 in the training role.

1991 PERSIAN GULF WAR AND THE 1990S

The fallout meant that the RJAF was impacted upon but contrary to some reports, it did not lose its operational tempo and was not forced to cannibalize aircraft for shortages of spare parts. Despite this, the RJAF had to rationalise its existing resources due to a temporary downfall in spare parts and supplies. However, economic difficulties forced the RJAF to seek upgrades rather than the purchase of new equipment originally planned.

Modernization schemes continued with seven F-5Es sold to Singapore and some funding used to upgrade most of the remaining others with the AN/APG-67 radar (found on the aborted Northrop F-20 Tigershark , once an aircraft under evaluation by the RJAF), modern fire control systems, and WVR AAMs , thus putting the F-5 on par with more modern aircraft in terms of electronics. Despite this, the F-5s lack a BVR combat capability.

MODERN ERA

Dassault Mirage F1EJ

U.S. military assistance has been primarily directed toward upgrading Jordan’s air force, as recent purchases include upgrades to U.S.-made F-16 fighters, air-to-air missiles, and radar systems. Following the 1994 Israel– Jordan
Jordan
peace treaty and the lending of Jordanian support to the United States
United States
during the Persian Gulf War , the U.S. recommenced full military relations with Jordan
Jordan
starting with the donation of 16 General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon (12 F-16A and 4 F-16B) in storage at the Aerospace Maintenance and Regeneration Center (AMARC) at Davis Monthan AFB . Deliveries commenced in 1997 and were completed next year, replacing the Mirage F1CJs in the air-defence role, following extensive exercises with the existing Mirage F1CJ/EJ and F-5E/F in RJAF service and assuming the lead role.

Some 17 further ex-AMARC aircraft were also procured along with six ex- Royal Netherlands Air Force F-16BMs for training purposes (Combat Capable) along with 16 ex-Belgian F-16AM/BM in MLU (Mid Life Update, Block 20) standard in 2009, Another 2 ex-Spanish Mirage F1CE/EE aircraft were procured in 2006. In July/Aug 2011 RJAF received another 9 ex-Belgian F-16AM/BM MLU standard, thus boosting the RJAF's own multi-role capabilities. Jordanian F-16s

RJAF pilots have participated in 'Bright Star' in Egypt
Egypt
against regional F-16 Fighting Falcons and have improved their skills considerably, especially in defining critical areas of upgrading. The AIM-120 AMRAAM has been procured by the RJAF and will improve combat capabilities of the basic F-16. Unlike the AIM-7M Sparrow III the AMRAAM is lighter and more versatile with superior ECM /ECCM and capable of engaging high-g targets, along with an active radar homing warhead (unlike the semi-active homing warhead of the 'Sparrow III') with standard datalink for mid-course guidance and correction purposes.

Some 17 Block 15 F-16s were sent to Turkish Aerospace Industries (TAI) where they were upgraded to MLU (Block 40) standard, this enabling advanced AGMs and latest PGMs to be carried. It remains unclear what will eventually complement the F-16s as the F-5s and F-1s dwindle in numbers due to economic, stress and fatigue reasons. In 2008 10 Northrop F-5E, 3 F-5EM and 2 F-5F were sold to Kenya. The remaining F-5s should be officially out of service by 2010, while and Mirage F1CJ/EJ are being slowly decommissioned, so the F-16MLU will remain the RJAF's standard fighters.

Most sources cite that the RJAF is seeking 80–90 F-16s and are now equipped with 79 F-16s (63 MLUs. The main goal seems to be having all F-16s in common upgraded version. The RJAF's F-16s are currently undergoing a new paint scheme to KA2 standard similar to the 'low visibility' fatigues adopted by the Royal Jordanian Land Force
Royal Jordanian Land Force
. Jordanian F-5 Tiger II aircraft

Two light CASA C-295s have been procured and procurement is likely to continue of the type. RJAF also received smaller numbers of the Antonov An-32
Antonov An-32
from Ukraine
Ukraine
for STOL operations for Royal Special Forces , although the status of the Jordanian An-32s is uncertain. One Lockheed C-130 Hercules
C-130 Hercules
was received in March 1997. In 2006 two Ilyushin Il-76MF freighters were purchased from Russia. In 2011 RJAF announced the intention to turn 2 of the CASA/IPTN CN-235
CASA/IPTN CN-235
transport aircraft into small aerial gunships.

The Jordanian Special
Special
Operations Aviation Brigade has been using Sikorsky UH-60L Blackhawk and MD Helicopters MD-530F helicopters for special operations and border security. Two squadrons of ex-US Army AH-1F Cobra gunships were delivered in the late 1990s/early 2000s. Some have been sold to Pakistan and AH-1Fs will be replaced by new AH-6I attack helicopters. After signing the MDAP 18 surplus Bell UH-1H helicopters were delivered in 1994, followed by another 18 in 1996. Two C-130B Hercules transport aircraft and 16 UH-1H helicopters have been delivered to the Iraqi Air Force. Three C-130E will be received from the US in exchange. Currently two squadrons of UH-1Hs and one of AS332 Super Pumas support Army operations.

Between November 2015 and 3 March 2016, 8 UH-60A Black Hawks were delivered to Jordan
Jordan
from the United States
United States
under a no-cost lease arrangement. The delivery of 8 newly-built UH-60M Black Hawks is expected in 2017 as part of a United States
United States
grant totaling US $200 million, with Sikorsky being contracted to the U.S. Army to build them.

Jordan
Jordan
assist Air forces in the Middle East, training Bahraini pilots and assisting Iraq
Iraq
. There is also a close cooperation with the USAF. The current commander of the Royal Jordan
Jordan
Air Force is Major General Mansour Aljobour .

OPERATIONS IN SYRIA 2014–2015

On the morning of 16 April 2014, Jordanian air force fighter jets destroyed an undetermined number of vehicles trying to enter into Jordan
Jordan
by crossing the border from war-torn Syria during the Syrian Civil War .

On 23 September 2014, Jordanian air force aircraft joined in US-led air strikes against terrorist targets in Syria that later became known as Operation Inherent Resolve .

On 24 December 2014, an RJAF F-16 crashed near Raqqa, Syria, and its pilot, Flight Lieutenant Moaz Youssef al-Kasasbeh , was captured by Islamic State militants. On 30 December 2014, a member of the Jordanian parliament, Rula al-Hroob, told America's National Public Radio that the RJAF had suspended military operations over Syria in order to help secure al-Kasasbeh's release. An attempt by US special operations to rescue al-Kasasbeh from Raqqa on 1 January 2015 failed when their helicopters were driven off by heavy enemy fire.

Following unsuccessful negotiations about a prisoner exchange, on 3 February 2015 it was reported that the Islamic State had murdered al-Kasasbeh by burning him alive, something that was done in early January but not revealed.

On 5 February 2015, the RJAF resumed operations against Islamic State targets. The whole daily target list was handed over to 20 Jordanian F-16s.

In February 2015 the US resupplied Jordan
Jordan
with munitions to be used in airstrikes against ISIS, including JDAM precision bombs. In the summer of 2015 Israel
Israel
transferred 16 Bell AH-1E/F Cobras (4-6 to be used as spares) to be used by RJAF in the “border patrol” role, this is counter-insurgency role and in operations against Islamic State forces.

On 7 November 2015, The New York Times claimed that the RJAF had quietly suspended operations against targets in Syria, the last attack being in August, and instead diverted its aircraft to support Saudi-led operations against Houthi rebels in Yemen. This claim was contested by the Jordanian embassy in Washington, which told the paper that Jordan
Jordan
continued to conduct airstrikes on Islamic State targets.

MISSION

The tasks of the air force are to provide:

* Air Defence * Support Ground Forces * Airlift Operations * Reconnaissance Operations * Search ">. It contains six major air bases in addition to sixteen air squadrons, fourteen I-Hawk Batteries, two training school (fighter aviation training school, school of air combat). The Royal Jordanian Air Force Headquarters is at King Abdullah I Airbase in Amman.

BASE SQUADRON AIRCRAFT

KING ABDULLAH I AIR BASE Amman Civil Airport
Amman Civil Airport
Marka , Amman , Jordan
Jordan
3 Squadron C-130E, C-130H, C295, Il-76MF, M28

7 Squadron AS332M-1

8 Squadron S-70A-11, UH-60A

14 Squadron EC635T1

15 Squadron Cessna 208B

25 Squadron (detachment) AT-802

KING ABDULLAH II AIR BASE Jabal Rabawi, Jordan
Jordan
9 Squadron Falco, S-100

10 Squadron AH-1F

12 Squadron AH-1F

25 Squadron AT-802

KING HUSSEIN AIR BASE Mafraq
Mafraq
, Jordan
Jordan
4 Squadron T67M260, G120TP

5 Squadron R44-II

11 Squadron C.101CC, PC-21

Flight Instructor School AS350B3, T67M260, G120TP

MUWAFFAQ SALTI AIR BASE Azraq , Zarqa , Jordan
Jordan
1 Squadron F-16AM, F-16BM

2 Squadron F-16A ADF, F-16B ADF

6 Squadron F-16AM, F-16BM

PRINCE HASSAN AIR BASE 17 Squadron Hawk Mk 63

RWEISHED AIR BASE 10/12 Squadron (detachment) AH-1F

15 Squadron (detachment) Cessna 208B

ZARQA AIR BASE 20 Squadron CH4B

SQUADRONS

* No. 1 Squadron RJAF - the Squadron was formed in 1958 with the Hawker Hunter
Hawker Hunter
and later equipped with F5s, the Mirage F1, and now the General Dynamics/Lockheed F-16. It has been based in Amman, Mafraq and now Azraq, with short periods at H5, and Habbaniya (Iraq). * No. 2 Squadron RJAF - was first formed in 1958 with de Havilland Vampires then with Hunters and later in 1974 with F5As and Bs as an advanced training squadron at King Hussein
King Hussein
Air Base , Mafraq. It subsequently flew from Amman and Mafraq
Mafraq
as a fighter squadron, then flew again from Mafraq, renamed in 1978 as the King Hussein
King Hussein
Air College , with the CASA C-101 as the advanced jet trainer. It is now at MSAB equipped with the F-16. * No. 3 Squadron RJAF - was formed in 1959 and was a mixture of fixed wing and helicopter until February 1973 when a helicopter squadron was formed. Its aircraft have included the de Havilland Dove ; Heron; Ambassador; C47; C119; Brittan Norman Islander; CASA 212
CASA 212
and 235, with a helicopter flight of Westland Whirlwind ; Widgeon; Scout and Alouette III
Alouette III
. The Squadron belongs to the Air Lift Wing and is based at KAAB, Amman ( Amman Civil Airport
Amman Civil Airport
). It is now equipped with the Lockheed C-130 Hercules
C-130 Hercules
and CASA 295 .

* 1 - F-16 * 2 - F-16 * 3 - C-130/C295 * 4 - Grob G 120TP * 5 - H500D/AS350B3 * 6 - F-16 * 7 - AS332M-1 * 8 - UH-60A * 9 - Falco UAV, S-100 Camcopter UAV * 10 - AH-1F * 11 - C101CC * 12 - AH-1F * 14 - EC635T1 * 15 - Ce208B * 17 - Bae Hawk * 25 - AT-802U

ROYAL JORDANIAN AIR DEFENCE

* Royal Jordanian air defense is part of the Royal Jordanian Air Force is equipped with Surface-to-Air missiles and Anti-Aircraft guns and Radar stations, as well as modern Electronic Warfare center and electronic countermeasure which is linked to command and control (C2) centers. * Jordan
Jordan
provided with an integrated, real-time air picture across multiple command centers and many remote sites to better protect the country’s airspace. The system, known as Omnyx™, will combine sensor, voice and data communications to provide interoperability throughout the Royal Jordanian Air Force
Royal Jordanian Air Force
and other elements of Jordan’s armed forces. With input from radars and other data links, the system will assist in detecting incoming air traffic and also provide the capabilities needed for airspace management, air sovereignty and air defense missions.

* RJAF C2 AND EW CAPABILITY

* Omnyx™ System enabling Jordanian Air Force to track and identify aircraft, evaluate any threats, initiate or monitor airborne engagements and enhance situational awareness of Jordanian airspace at all times. * Jordan
Jordan
have a C4ISR subsystem capable of serving multiple internal services and agencies within Jordan
Jordan
and An Air Defense subsystem capable of early warning of air attack and real-time Command and Control (C2) of national air defense forces. * RADIANT C4I National EW network, connecting regional control centers, ground radars and AD assets. * Jordan
Jordan
has the ability to detect cruise missiles, aircraft and unmanned drones at long distances through the project linking a modern Russian radar (Protivnik GE) bought by Jordan
Jordan
recently with some U.S. 3D radars such as (FPS-117, TPS-77, TPS-43E) and Gap-filler radars with ADSI (Air Defence System Integrator) and all Fire Units to build air defence umbrella (IADS).

AIRCRAFT

The Royal Jordanian Air Force
Royal Jordanian Air Force
consists of about 12,000 officers and non-commissioned officers and a civilian. It contains six major air bases in addition to sixteen air squadrons, fourteen I-Hawk Batteries, two training school (fighter aviation training school, school of air combat). The Royal Jordanian Air Force
Royal Jordanian Air Force
Headquarters is at King Abdullah I Airbase in Amman. The tasks of the air force are to provide:

* Air Defense * Support Ground Forces * Airlift Operations * Reconnaissance Operations * Search "> An F-16 flying an air refueling mission Jordanian Air Force UH-60L on lift off A C-130 Hercules
C-130 Hercules
fly over at the 2004 RIAT A C-101 Aviojet aircraft of the Jordanian Air Force.

AIRCRAFT ORIGIN TYPE VARIANT IN SERVICE NOTES

COMBAT AIRCRAFT

Air Tractor AT-802
Air Tractor AT-802
United States
United States
attack

6 donation from the United Arab Emirates
United Arab Emirates

Lockheed F-16 United States
United States
multirole F-16A 50

CASA C-235 Spain
Spain
ground attack AC-235 2 modified for the gunship role by ATK and King Abdullah Design

RECONNAISSANCE

Air Tractor AT-802
Air Tractor AT-802
United States
United States
ISR

4

TRANSPORT

CASA C-212 Spain
Spain
utility / transport

1

Cessna 208 United States
United States
light transport

6

C-130 Hercules
C-130 Hercules
United States
United States
transport C-130E/H 7

Antonov An-28 Poland
Poland
utility transport PZL M28 2

CASA C-295 Spain
Spain
transport

2

HELICOPTERS

Bell AH-1 United States
United States
attack AH-1E/F 47 16 helicopters transferred from Israel
Israel

Bell UH-1 United States
United States
utility UH-1H 36

Boeing AH-6 United States
United States
light attack AH-6i 7

Sikorsky UH-60 United States
United States
SAR / COIN UH-60L/M /70i 26

Eurocopter AS332 France
France
utility / transport

10

Eurocopter AS350 France
France
light utility

7

Eurocopter EC635
Eurocopter EC635
France
France
light utility

9

Mil Mi-26
Mil Mi-26
Russia
Russia
heavy lift

4 on order

TRAINER AIRCRAFT

Lockheed F-16 United States
United States
conversion trainer F-16B 13

CASA C-101 Spain
Spain
jet trainer

13

T67 Firefly United Kingdom
United Kingdom
basic trainer

24

Pilatus PC-21
Pilatus PC-21
Switzerland
Switzerland
advanced trainer

8 on order

Grob G 120TP Germany
Germany
basic trainer

10 on order

Robinson R44
Robinson R44
United States
United States
trainer / patrol

8

RETIRED AIRCRAFT

Previous notable aircraft operated by Jordan
Jordan
consisted of the de Havilland Dove , F-104 Starfighter , Dassault Mirage F1 , Cessna T-37 , Boeing 727
Boeing 727
, Gulfstream III , An-12 Cub , Bulldog 125 , Alouette III , Aérospatiale Gazelle and the Sikorsky S-76
Sikorsky S-76

PERSONNEL

COMMANDERS

US General Martin E. Dempsey (left) with Major General
Major General
Malek Al-Habashneh, the chief of the RJAF in 2013.

The Royal Jordanian Air Force
Royal Jordanian Air Force
is headed by the Commander. The chiefs of the RJAF are as follows:

* 1956–1962 Major (Colonel) Ibrahim Osman * 1962 Major Jereis Msharbash * 1962 Major Sahal Hamzeh * 1962–1970 Major (Major-General) Saleh El Kurdi * 1971–1973 Brigadier Walid Sharafuddin * 1973–1976 Brigadier Abboud Salem Hassan * 1976–1980 unknown * 1980–1982 Brigadier (Major-General) Tayseer Zarour * 1983–1993 Brigadier (Lieutenant-General) Ihsan Shurdom * 1993–1994 Brigadier (Major-General) Awni Bilal * 1994–1995 Brigadier (Major-General) Mohammed El Qudah * 1995–1999 Brigadier (Major-General) Mohammed Khair Ababneh * 1999–2002 Brigadier (Major-General) So\'oud Nuseirat * 2002–2004 Brigadier (Major-General) His Royal Highness Prince Faisal bin Hussein * 2004–2006 Brigadier (Major-General) Hussein Al Biss * 2006–2010 Brigadier (Major-General) Hussein Shodash * 2010–2013 Brigadier (Major-General) Malek Al-Habashneh * 2013– Brigadier (Major-General) Mansour Al-Jbour * 2016– brigadier (Major-General) Yousef Al-Hunaiti

NOTABLE PERSONS

* Amer Khammash , the first recognized Jordanian pilot and received his pilot training in Middle Wallop in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
in 1949, and received his wings in 1950 from the Late Founder of Jordan, King Abdullah I. * Muath al-Kasasbeh , Royal Jordanian Air Force
Royal Jordanian Air Force
pilot captured, held hostage, and burned alive by the Islamic State of Iraq
Iraq
and the Levant .

SEE ALSO

* List of air forces * List of Lockheed F-104 Starfighter
Lockheed F-104 Starfighter
operators

REFERENCES

* ^ "RJAF Commander". Rjaf.mil.jo. Retrieved 9 December 2014. * ^ "The Encyclopedia of Middle East Wars: The United States
United States
in the Persian Gulf ... - Google Books". Books.google.com. Retrieved 2016-06-10. * ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 23 February 2015. * ^ F-16 Versions – F-16/79 :: F-16.net * ^ PICTURES: Jordan
Jordan
accepts six more secondhand F-16s * ^ Belgian Air Force F-16\'s to Jordan * ^ F-16 Air Forces – Jordan
Jordan
:: F-16.net * ^ RJAF takes delivery of its first upgraded F-16 from TAI * ^ A B David Donald (2016-05-12). "Black Hawk remains firm favourite IHS Jane\'s 360". Janes.com. Retrieved 2016-06-22. * ^ Malkawi, Khetam (4 March 2016). " Jordan
Jordan
receives eight Blackhawks from US". The Jordan
Jordan
Times . Retrieved 4 March 2016. * ^ "Jordanian air force destroys vehicles entering from Syria". Retrieved 13 November 2014. * ^ " Jordan
Jordan
pilot ejected over Syria after \'technical failure\'". Yahoo News. 31 December 2014. * ^ Botelho, Greg; Ford, Dana. " Jordan
Jordan
executes prisoners after ISIS hostage burned alive". CNN World News. Retrieved 4 February 2015.

* ^ " Jordan
Jordan
F-16s strike ISIS targets and honor dead pilot\'s family". f-16.net. * ^ " Jordan
Jordan
launches new air strikes against ISIL". aljazeera.com. * ^ "Royal Jordanian Air Force". Airheadsfly.com. Retrieved 2016-06-10. * ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2015/11/08/world/middleeast/as-us-escalates-air-war-on-isis-allies-slip-away.html?_r=0 * ^ A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V "Armed Forces Overviews". Scramble. Retrieved 9 December 2015. * ^ RJAF official site * ^ rjaf.mil.jo * ^ "RJAF". RJAF. Retrieved 2016-06-10. * ^ A B Lockheed Martin • Lockheed Martin Receives $26 Million Contract to Help Royal Jordanian Air Force
Royal Jordanian Air Force
Control and Defend Its Airspace * ^ Jordan: Air Force interoperability and modernization Middle East Confidential * ^ Archived 1 December 2011 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ FMS: Jordan
Jordan
Seeks Integrated C4ISR System * ^ Jordan
Jordan
to Establish C4ISR Network – Tags: ARMS transfers MILITARY art & science * ^ Jordan
Jordan
seeks C4ISR upgrade Defense News defensenews.com * ^ شركة Ultra ELECTRONICS تعرض نظم إمرة وتحكم لمنظومات الدفاع الجوي * ^ A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V "World Air Forces 2017". Flightglobal Insight. 2017. Retrieved 4 April 2017. * ^ " Jordan
Jordan
takes delivery of AC235 gunship". flightglobal.com. Retrieved 4 May 2015. * ^ " Jordan
Jordan
acquires ex-Israeli Cobra attack helicopters". flightglobal.com. Retrieved 24 July 2015. * ^ " Jordan
Jordan
receives additional Black Hawk helos". janes.com. Retrieved 24 July 2017. * ^ "World Air Forces 1987 pg. 67". flightglobal.com. Retrieved 4 May 2015. * ^ "World Air Forces 1975 pg. 304". flightglobal.com. Retrieved 4 May 2015. * ^ "RJAF Commanders". www,rjaf.mil.jo. Royal Jordanian Air Force. Retrieved 4 October 2016.

This article RELIES TOO MUCH ON REFERENCES TO PRIMARY SOURCES . Please improve this by adding secondary or tertiary sources . (October 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message )

* Griffin, David J., 60 Years of the Hawker Hunter, 1951 to 2011

EXTERNAL LINKS

Wikimedia Commons has media related to ROYAL JORDANIAN AIR FORCE .

* Official Site of the Royal Jordanian Air

.