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The Royal Collection
Royal Collection
is the art collection of the British Royal Family and the largest private art collection in the world.[1][2] Spread among 13 occupied and historic royal residences in the United Kingdom, the collection is owned by Queen Elizabeth II[3] and overseen by the Royal Collection
Royal Collection
Trust, a branch of the Royal Household. The Queen owns some objects in the collection in right of the Crown and some as a private individual.[4] It is made up of over one million objects,[5] including 7,000 paintings, 30,000 watercolours and drawings, and about 500,000 prints,[5][6] as well as photographs, tapestries, furniture, ceramics, cars, textiles, lace, carriages, jewellery, clocks, instruments, plants, manuscripts, books, sculptures, and the Crown Jewels. Some of the buildings which house the collection, like Hampton Court Palace, are open to the public and not lived in by the Royal Family, whilst others, like Windsor Castle, are both residences and open to the public. The Queen's Gallery
Queen's Gallery
at Buckingham Palace
Buckingham Palace
in London was built specially to exhibit pieces from the collection on a rotating basis. There is a similar art gallery next to the Palace of Holyroodhouse in Edinburgh, and a Drawings Gallery at Windsor Castle. The Crown
The Crown
Jewels are on public display in the Jewel House
Jewel House
at the Tower of London. About 3,000 objects are on loan to museums throughout the world, and many others are loaned on a temporary basis to exhibitions.[5]

Contents

1 History 2 Collection

2.1 Paintings, prints and drawings 2.2 Furniture 2.3 Ornaments and décor 2.4 Gems and Jewels

3 Ownership 4 Management 5 Gallery 6 See also 7 References 8 Further reading 9 External links

History[edit]

Johannes Vermeer: The Music Lesson, c. 1660, was acquired by George III in 1762.[7]

Few items from before King Henry VIII survive. The most important additions were made by Charles I, a passionate collector of Italian paintings, and a major patron of Van Dyck
Van Dyck
and other Flemish artists. The entire collection was sold after Charles's execution in 1649, and the 'Sale of the Late King's Goods' raised £185,000 for the English Republic.[8] A number of those pieces were recovered by Charles II after the Restoration of the monarchy in 1660, and they form the basis for the Royal Collection
Royal Collection
today. The Dutch Republic
Dutch Republic
also presented Charles with the Dutch Gift
Dutch Gift
of 28 paintings, 12 sculptures, and a selection of furniture. He went on to buy many paintings and other works. George III, with the assistance of Frederick Augusta Barnard, added 65,000 volumes of books. George IV
George IV
shared Charles I's enthusiasm for collecting, buying up large quantities of 17th-century Dutch paintings, oriental ceramics, and much of the deposed king Louis XVI's art.[8] Queen Victoria
Queen Victoria
and her husband Albert were keen collectors of contemporary and old master paintings. Works have been given from the collection to museums, especially by George III and Victoria and Albert. In particular, most of the then Royal Library was donated by George III to the British Museum, now the British Library, where many books are still catalogued as "Royal". The core of this collection was the purchase by James I of the related collections of Humphrey Llwyd, Lord Lumley, and the Earl of Arundel.[9] Throughout the reign of Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
(1952–present), there have been significant additions to the collection through judicious purchases, bequests and through gifts from nation states and other official bodies.[10] Since 1952, approximately 2,500 works have been added to the Royal Collection.[8] The Commonwealth
Commonwealth
is strongly represented in this manner: an example is 75 contemporary Canadian watercolours that entered the collection between 1985 and 2001 as a gift from the Canadian Society of Painters in Water Colour.[citation needed] Modern art acquired by Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
includes pieces by Sir Anish Kapoor
Anish Kapoor
and Andy Warhol.[8] Collection[edit]

Andrea Mantegna, Triumph of Caesar: The Vase Bearers, c. 1484–92, acquired by Charles I[11]

Titian: Portrait of Jacopo Sannazaro, 1514–18, part of the Dutch Gift presented to Charles II in 1660[12]

Rubens: Pythagoras
Pythagoras
Advocating Vegetarianism, c. 1618–30 in the Queen's Gallery, Buckingham Palace

A computerised inventory of the collection was started in early 1991,[13] and it was completed in December 1997.[14] The full inventory is not available to the public, though catalogues of parts of the collection – especially paintings – have been published, and a searchable database on the Royal Collection
Royal Collection
website is increasingly comprehensive.[15] About a third of the 7,000 paintings in the collection are on view or stored at buildings in London which fall under the remit of the Historic Royal Palaces
Historic Royal Palaces
agency: the Tower of London, Hampton Court Palace, Kensington Palace, Banqueting House (Whitehall), and Kew Palace.[16] The Jewel House
Jewel House
and Martin Tower at the Tower of London also house the Crown Jewels. A rotating selection of art, furniture, jewellery, and other items considered to be of the highest quality is shown at the Queen's Gallery, a purpose-built exhibition centre near Buckingham Palace.[17] Many objects are displayed in the palace itself, the state rooms of which are open to visitors for much of the year, as well as Windsor Castle, Holyrood Palace
Holyrood Palace
in Edinburgh, the Royal Pavilion
Royal Pavilion
in Brighton, and Osborne House
Osborne House
on the Isle of Wight. Paintings, prints and drawings[edit] The collection's holdings of Western fine art are among the largest and most important assemblages in existence, with works of the highest quality, and in many cases artists whose works can not be fully understood without a study of the holdings contained within the Royal Collection. Numbering over 7,000 works, spread across the Royal Residences, the collection is also arguably amongst the world's oldest in terms of provenance. The collection does not claim to provide a comprehensive, chronological survey of Western fine art but it has been shaped by the individual tastes of kings, queens and their families over the last 500 years.

Anglo-American

Benjamin West
Benjamin West
– at least 60 paintings

Dutch (200+ works)[18]

Abraham Bloemaert
Abraham Bloemaert
– at least 1 painting Gerard ter Borch
Gerard ter Borch
– at least 2 paintings Jan Dirksz Both
Jan Dirksz Both
– at least at least 1 painting Jan de Bray
Jan de Bray
– at least at least 1 painting Hendrick ter Brugghen
Hendrick ter Brugghen
– at least 1 painting Aelbert Cuyp
Aelbert Cuyp
– at least 7 paintings Gerrit Dou
Gerrit Dou
– at least 4 paintings Frans Hals
Frans Hals
– at least 1 painting Hugo van der Goes
Hugo van der Goes
– at least 1 painting Maarten van Heemskerck
Maarten van Heemskerck
– at least 2 paintings Jan van der Heyden
Jan van der Heyden
– at least 2 paintings Meyndert Hobbema
Meyndert Hobbema
– at least 2 paintings Melchior d'Hondecoeter
Melchior d'Hondecoeter
– at least 4 paintings Gerard van Honthorst
Gerard van Honthorst
– at least 6 paintings Pieter de Hooch
Pieter de Hooch
– at least 3 paintings Nicolaes Maes
Nicolaes Maes
– at least 1 painting Jan Mertens the Younger – at least 1 painting Gabriel Metsu
Gabriel Metsu
– at least 1 painting Daniël Mijtens
Daniël Mijtens
– at least 9 paintings Adriaen van Ostade
Adriaen van Ostade
– at least 5 paintings Rembrandt
Rembrandt
– at least 6 paintings Salomon van Ruysdael
Salomon van Ruysdael
– at least 1 painting Jacob Isaakszoon van Ruisdael
Jacob Isaakszoon van Ruisdael
– at least 1 painting Jan Steen
Jan Steen
– at least 7 paintings Adriaen van de Velde
Adriaen van de Velde
– at least 4 paintings Willem van de Velde the Younger
Willem van de Velde the Younger
– at least 7 paintings Johannes Vermeer
Johannes Vermeer
– at least 1 painting (see image) Jan Weenix
Jan Weenix
– at least 1 painting: Adriaen van der Werff
Adriaen van der Werff
– at least 1 painting Philip Wouwerman
Philip Wouwerman
– at least 5 paintings

English

William Beechey
William Beechey
– at least 17 paintings Thomas Gainsborough
Thomas Gainsborough
– at least 33 paintings, including a rare mythological work, Diana and Actaeon William Hogarth
William Hogarth
– at least 3 paintings John Hoppner
John Hoppner
– at least 7 paintings Cornelis Janssens van Ceulen
Cornelis Janssens van Ceulen
– at least 2 paintings Sir Godfrey Kneller
Sir Godfrey Kneller
– at least 15 paintings Edwin Henry Landseer
Edwin Henry Landseer
– at least 100 paintings and drawings Thomas Lawrence – at least 50 paintings Peter Lely
Peter Lely
– at least 20 paintings Joshua Reynolds
Joshua Reynolds
– at least 20+ paintings George Stubbs
George Stubbs
– at least 18 paintings

Flemish

Jan Brueghel the Elder
Jan Brueghel the Elder
– at least 1 painting Pieter Bruegel the Elder
Pieter Bruegel the Elder
– at least 1 painting Denys Calvaert
Denys Calvaert
– at least 1 painting Joos van Cleve
Joos van Cleve
– at least 4 paintings Pieter van Coninxloo
Pieter van Coninxloo
– at least 1 painting Anthony van Dyck
Anthony van Dyck
– at least 26 paintings Frans Francken the Younger
Frans Francken the Younger
– at least 1 painting Marcus Gheeraerts the Younger
Marcus Gheeraerts the Younger
– at least 1 painting Frans Hals
Frans Hals
– at least 1 painting Jan Mabuse
Jan Mabuse
– at least 1 painting Quentin Matsys
Quentin Matsys
– at least 1 painting Hans Memling
Hans Memling
– at least 1 painting Frans Pourbus the younger
Frans Pourbus the younger
– at least 2 paintings Jan Provoost
Jan Provoost
– at least 1 painting Peter Paul Rubens
Peter Paul Rubens
– at least 13 paintings, 5 drawings (see image) David Teniers the Younger
David Teniers the Younger
– at least 27 paintings

French

François Clouet
François Clouet
– at least 3 paintings Jean Clouet
Jean Clouet
– at least 1 painting, 1 miniature Hippolyte Delaroche
Hippolyte Delaroche
– at least 3 paintings Gaspard Dughet
Gaspard Dughet
– at least 3 paintings Nicolas de Largillière
Nicolas de Largillière
– at least 1 painting Jean-Étienne Liotard
Jean-Étienne Liotard
– at least 16 paintings Claude Lorrain
Claude Lorrain
– at least 5 paintings Claude Monet
Claude Monet
– at least 1 painting Louis Le Nain
Louis Le Nain
– at least 1 painting Jean-Baptiste Pater
Jean-Baptiste Pater
– at least 4 paintings Nicolas Poussin
Nicolas Poussin
– at least A large collection of his drawings at Windsor, second only to that in the Musée du Louvre Eustache Le Sueur
Eustache Le Sueur
– at least 1 painting Georges de La Tour
Georges de La Tour
– at least 1 painting Simon Vouet
Simon Vouet
– at least 1 painting

German

Albrecht Dürer
Albrecht Dürer
– at least 1 painting Hans Holbein the Younger
Hans Holbein the Younger
– at least 7 paintings, 80 drawings and 5 miniatures Lucas Cranach the Elder
Lucas Cranach the Elder
– at least 5 paintings Lucas Cranach the Younger
Lucas Cranach the Younger
– at least 1 painting Georg Pencz
Georg Pencz
– at least 1 painting Franz Xaver Winterhalter
Franz Xaver Winterhalter
– at least 120 paintings, 20 drawings & watercolours Johann Zoffany
Johann Zoffany
– at least 17 paintings

Italian

Niccolò dell'Abbate
Niccolò dell'Abbate
– at least 1 painting Alessandro Allori
Alessandro Allori
– at least 1 painting Fra Angelico
Fra Angelico
– at least 1 painting Jacopo Bassano
Jacopo Bassano
– at least 6 paintings Leandro Bassano
Leandro Bassano
– at least 3 paintings Giovanni Bellini
Giovanni Bellini
– at least 1 painting Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Gian Lorenzo Bernini
– at least 50 drawings Francesco Borromini
Francesco Borromini
– at least 100 drawings Bronzino
Bronzino
(Agnolo di Cosimo) – at least 1 painting Canaletto
Canaletto
(Giovanni Antonio Canal) – at least 50 paintings and 140 drawings Caravaggio
Caravaggio
( Michelangelo
Michelangelo
Merisi da Caravaggio) – at least 2 paintings Polidoro da Caravaggio
Caravaggio
– at least 9 paintings Giovanni Cariani
Giovanni Cariani
– at least 2 paintings Luca Carlevaris
Luca Carlevaris
– at least 4 paintings Agostino, Annibale and Ludovico Carracci
Ludovico Carracci
– at least 5 paintings, more than 350 drawings Cima da Conegliano
Cima da Conegliano
– at least 1 painting Jacopo di Cione
Jacopo di Cione
– at least 1 painting Antonio da Correggio
Antonio da Correggio
– at least 2 paintings Giovanni Benedetto Castiglione – at least 260 drawings Bernardo Daddi
Bernardo Daddi
– at least 1 painting Carlo Dolci
Carlo Dolci
– at least 1 painting Domenichino
Domenichino
(Domenico Zampieri) – at least 1 painting, as well as 1,700 drawings in 34 albums, the Royal Collection's largest holdings by a single artist[citation needed] Dosso Dossi
Dosso Dossi
– at least 2 paintings Duccio
Duccio
– at least 1 painting Gentile da Fabriano
Gentile da Fabriano
– at least 1 painting Girolamo Forabosco
Girolamo Forabosco
– at least 1 painting Domenico Fetti
Domenico Fetti
– at least 14 paintings Lattanzio Gambara
Lattanzio Gambara
– at least 8 paintings Benvenuto Tisi
Benvenuto Tisi
(Il Garofalo) – at least 1 painting Raffaellino del Garbo
Raffaellino del Garbo
– at least 1 painting Artemisia Gentileschi
Artemisia Gentileschi
– at least 1 painting Orazio Gentileschi
Orazio Gentileschi
– at least 2 paintings Luca Giordano
Luca Giordano
– at least 12 paintings Guercino
Guercino
(Giovanni Francesco Barbieri) – at least 1 painting, and largest group of Guercino
Guercino
drawings in the world, some 400 sheets, as well as 200 by his assistants and 200 other works[citation needed] Leonardo da Vinci
Leonardo da Vinci
– at least 600 drawings, finest collection of Leonardo drawings in the world[19] Bernardino Licinio
Bernardino Licinio
– at least 4 paintings Pietro Longhi
Pietro Longhi
– at least 2 paintings Lorenzo Lotto
Lorenzo Lotto
– at least 3 paintings – at least Portrait of Andrea Odoni Andrea Mantegna
Andrea Mantegna
– at least 9 canvases known as The Triumphs of Caesar Ludovico Mazzolino
Ludovico Mazzolino
– at least 1 painting Michelangelo
Michelangelo
– at least 20 drawings Parmigianino
Parmigianino
(Francesco Mazzola) – at least 2 paintings and 30 drawings Pietro Perugino
Pietro Perugino
– at least 1 painting Francesco Pesellino
Francesco Pesellino
– at least 1 painting Pontormo
Pontormo
(Jacopo da Pontormo) – at least 1 painting Raphael
Raphael
– at least 8 paintings, as well as an extensive collection of drawings. There are seven full-size cartoons for the tapestries designed to hang in the Sistine Chapel. During the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, Raphael
Raphael
attained the zenith of his reputation. Consequently, the Raphael
Raphael
Cartoons have become some of the most famous, and widely imitated, paintings in the world. Since 1865 they have been on loan from the Royal Collection
Royal Collection
to the V&A.[citation needed] Guido Reni
Guido Reni
– at least 1 painting Sebastiano Ricci
Sebastiano Ricci
– at least 14 paintings Girolamo Romanino
Girolamo Romanino
– at least 1 painting Giulio Romano
Giulio Romano
– at least 6 paintings Andrea Sacchi
Andrea Sacchi
– at least 130 drawings Francesco de' Rossi (Il Salviati)
Francesco de' Rossi (Il Salviati)
– at least 1 painting Andrea del Sarto
Andrea del Sarto
– at least 2 paintings Girolamo Savoldo
Girolamo Savoldo
– at least 2 paintings Andrea Schiavone
Andrea Schiavone
– at least 2 paintings Bernardo Strozzi
Bernardo Strozzi
– at least 1 painting Zanobi Strozzi
Zanobi Strozzi
– at least 1 painting Tintoretto
Tintoretto
– at least 5 paintings Titian
Titian
(Tiziano Vecelli) – at least 4 paintings Alessandro Turchi
Alessandro Turchi
– at least 4 paintings Perin del Vaga
Perin del Vaga
– at least 2 paintings Giorgio Vasari
Giorgio Vasari
– at least 1 painting Palma Vecchio
Palma Vecchio
– at least 2 paintings Paolo Veronese
Paolo Veronese
– at least 3 paintings Antonio Verrio
Antonio Verrio
– at least 1 painting Francesco Zuccarelli
Francesco Zuccarelli
– at least 27 paintings, together with 8 works collaborated with Antonio Visentini Federico Zuccari
Federico Zuccari
– at least 1 painting

Furniture[edit] Numbering over 300 items, the Royal Collection
Royal Collection
holds one of the greatest and most important collections of French furniture ever assembled. The collection is noted for its encyclopedic range as well as counting the greatest cabinet-makers of the Ancien Régime.

French furniture

Joseph Baumhauer – Bas d'armoire, c. 1765–70 Pierre-Antoine Bellangé
Pierre-Antoine Bellangé
– at least 13 items, including: Deux paire de Pedestals, inset with porcelain plaques, c. 1820 Paire de pier table, c. 1823–4 (The Blue Drawing Room, Buckingham Palace) Paire de petit pier table, c. 1823–4 (The Blue Drawing Room, Buckingham Palace) Side table, c. 1820 Paire de secretaire, c. 1827-8 Paire de cabinets, (see pietra dura section), c. 1820

André-Charles Boulle – at least 13 items, including: Armoire, c. 1700 (The Grand Corridor, Windsor Castle) Armoire, c. 1700 (The Grand Corridor, Windsor Castle) Cabinet (en première-partie), c. 1700 (The Grand Corridor, Windsor Castle) Cabinet (en contre-partie), c. 1700 (The Grand Corridor, Windsor Castle) Cabinet, (without stand, similar to ones in the State Hermitage Museum and the collections of the Duke of Buccleuch) Paire de bas d'armoire, (The Grand Corridor, Windsor Castle) Writing table, possibly delivered to Louis, the Grand Dauphin (1661–1711), c. 1680 Paire de torchère, c. 1700 Bureau Plat, c. 1710 (The Rubens Room, Windsor Castle) Petit gaines, attributed to., early 18th century

Martin Carlin
Martin Carlin
– at least 2 items: Cabinet (commode à vantaux), (see pietra dura section), c. 1778 Cabinet, mounted with Sèvres plaques, c. 1783

Jacob-Desmalter & Cie – at least 1 item: Bureau à cylindre, c. 1825

Jacob Frères – at least 1 item: Writing-table, c. 1805

Gérard-Jean Galle – at least 1 item: Candelabra x2, early 19th century

Pierre Garnier – at least 2 items: Paire de cabinets, c. 1770

Georges Jacob
Georges Jacob
– at least 30 items, including: Petit sofa, c. 1790 Tête-à-tête, c. 1790 Fauteuil, c. 1790 Lit à la Polonaise, c. 1790 Small armchairs and settees, suite of 20, c. 1786 Armchairs x4, c. 1786

Gilles Joubert – at least 2 items: Pair of Pedestals, delivered for the bedroom of Louis XV at Versailles, c. 1762

Pierre Langlois – at least 5 items, including: Commode, c. 1765 Deux paire de commode, c. 1763

Étienne Levasseur – at least 7 items: Side-table, attributed to, c. 1770 Deux paire de gaines, attributed to, c. 1770 Deux secretaire, adapted from an Andre-Charles Boulle table en bureau, c. 1770

Martin-Eloy Lignereux – at least 2 items: Paire de cabinets, (see pietra dura section), c. 1803

Bernard Molitor – at least 3 items: Commode, c. 1780 Paire de secretaires, c. 1815

Bernard II van Risamburgh
Bernard II van Risamburgh
– at least 2 items: Centre-table, c. 1775 Commode, c. 1745

Jean Henri Riesener
Jean Henri Riesener
– at least 6 items: Commode, delivered to Louis XVI's "Chambre du Roi" at Versailles, c. 1774; Paire de encoignure, delivered to Louis XVI's "Chambre du Roi" at Versailles, c. 1774; Jewel-cabinet, delivered to the Comtesse de Provence, c. 1787 Writing-table, c. 1785 Bureau à cylindre, c. 1775

Sèvres – at least 1 item: Centre-table, 'The Table of the Grand Commanders', c. 1806–12 (The Blue Drawing Room, Buckingham Palace)

Pierre-Philippe Thomire
Pierre-Philippe Thomire
– at least 15 items, including: Pedestal, c. 1813 Pedestal for the equestrian statue of Louis XIV, c. 1826 Paire de candelabra, 8 light, c. 1828 Torchères x11, c. 1814 Clock, mounts attributed to., 1803 Candelabra x2, early 19th century

Benjamin Vulliamy
Benjamin Vulliamy
& Benjamin Lewis Vulliamy
Benjamin Lewis Vulliamy
– at least 4 items: Torchere x4, 1814

Benjamin Vulliamy
Benjamin Vulliamy
– at least 3 items: Candelabra x2, 1811 Mantel clock, c. 1780

Adam Weisweiler
Adam Weisweiler
– at least 13 items: Cabinet, inset with a Sevres plaque, late 18th century Cabinet, (see pietra dura section), 1780 Side Table, (see pietra dura section), c. 1780 Side Table, (see pietra dura section), c. 1785 (The Green Drawing Room, Buckingham Palace) Paire de pier-table, in chinoiserie style, c. 1787–90 Commode, c. 1785 Console-table x4, c.1785 Paire de petit bas d'armoire, manner of. boulle, late 18th century

Other European furniture

Robert Hume (English) – at least 1 item: Pair of cabinets, (see pietra dura section), c. 1820 Unknown (Flemish) – at least 2 items: Cabinet-on-stand, c. 1660 Cabinet-on-stand, 17th century

Johann Daniel Sommer (German) – at least 2 items: Pair of cabinets-on-stand, attributed to. (stands English), late 17th century

Melchior Baumgartner (German) – at least 2 items: Organ Clock, 1664 Cabinet, (see Pietra Dura section), c. 1660

Unknown (Dutch) – at least 1 item: Secretaire-cabinet, in boulle marquetry, c. 1700

Pietra Dura – at least 11 items: Cabinet, Augsburg, attributed to Melchior Baumgartner, c. 1660 Cabinet, Italian, c. 1680 Cabinet, Adam Weisweiler
Adam Weisweiler
– at least inset with pietra dura panels, 1780 (The Green Drawing Room, Buckingham Palace) Side Table, Adam Weisweiler
Adam Weisweiler
– at least inset with pietra dura panels, c. 1780 (The Silk Tapestry Room, Buckingham Palace) Cabinet (commode à vantaux), Martin Carlin
Martin Carlin
– at least inset with pietra dura panels re-used from Louis XIVs great Florentine cabinets, c. 1778 (The Silk Tapestry Room, Buckingham Palace) Casket, Italian: Florentine, c. 1720 Paire de cabinets, Martin-Eloy Lignereux – at least inset with Florentine plaques, c. 1803

Paire de cabinets, Pierre-Antoine Bellangé
Pierre-Antoine Bellangé
– at least inset with precious stones based on a Florentine design by Baccio del Bianco, c. 1820

Pair of cabinets, Robert Hume, c. 1820 (The Crimson Drawing Room, Windsor Castle) Four Florentine pietra dura panels on 18th century cabinets, re-adapted, c. 1820s (The White Drawing Room, Buckingham Palace)

Miscellaneous: Cabinet-on-stand, magnificent example composed of ebony, mid-17th century Bureau, magnificent example similar to a version in both the V&A and the Getty Museum, 1690–95 Bureaux Mazarin x2, in Boulle style, late 17th century Bureaux Mazarin x2, in Boulle style, c. 1700 (The Ballroom, Windsor Castle) Bureaux Mazarin, late 17th century (The West Gallery, Buckingham Palace) Deux paire de boulle bas d'cabinets

Ornaments and décor[edit]

Clocks

André-Charles Boulle – at least 4 items: Mantle clock, c. 1710 (The Green Drawing Room, Windsor Castle) Pedestal clock, (Similar to ones in Blenheim Palace, Chateau de Versailles, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, The Frick Collection and the Cleveland Museum of Art) Pedestal clock, late 17th century; Pedestal clock, c. 1720 Abraham-Louis Breguet
Abraham-Louis Breguet
– at least 1 item: Empire regulator clock, 1825

De La Croix – at least 1 item: Large clock, raised on a bronze plaque plinth, c. 1775 (The East Gallery, Buckingham Palace)

Gérard-Jean Galle – at least 1 item: Clock, figures and frieze representing the Oath of the Horaatii, early 19th century

Jean-Pierre Latz
Jean-Pierre Latz
– at least 2 items: Pedestal Clock, (reputed from the Chateau de Versailles), c. 1735–40 Barometer and Pedestal, c. 1735

Jean Antoine Lépine – at least 1 item: Clock, in the form of an African Diana, the goddess of the Hunt, 1790 (The Blue Drawing Room, Buckingham Palace) Astronomical Clock, c. 1790 (The Blue Drawing Room, Buckingham Palace)

Martin-Eloy Lignereux – at least 1 item: Clock, 1803

Pierre-Philippe Thomire
Pierre-Philippe Thomire
– at least 1 item: Clock, in the form of Apollo's chariot, c. 1805 (The State Dining Room, Buckingham Palace)

Benjamin Vulliamy
Benjamin Vulliamy
– at least 1 item: Clock, in the form of a bull, c. 1755–60

Benjamin Lewis Vulliamy
Benjamin Lewis Vulliamy
– at least 1 item: Clock, fitted with three porcelain figures, c. 1788 (The State Dining Room, Buckingham Palace)

Decorative arts

Matthew Boulton
Matthew Boulton
– at least 4 items: Two pairs of vases, c. late 18th century (The Marble Hall, Buckingham Palace) Fabergé
Fabergé
– at least 3 Imperial Eggs and 1 Easter Egg Gérard-Jean Galle – at least 2 items: Candelabra x2, in the form of cornucopias, c. early 19th century

François Rémond
François Rémond
– at least 12 items: Candelabra x8, 4 pairs, c. 1787 (The Blue Drawing Room & The Music Room, Buckingham Palace) Candelabra x4, delivered to the comte d'Artois for the cabinet turc at Versailles, 1783 (The State Dining Room, Buckingham Palace)

Pierre-Philippe Thomire
Pierre-Philippe Thomire
– at least 3 items: Vase, c. early 19th century (The Music Room, Windsor Castle) Candelabra x2, malachite and bronze, early 19th century (The White Drawing Room, Buckingham Palace) Candelabra x2, malachite and bronze, c. 1828 (The State Dining Room, Buckingham Palace) Candelabra x4, figures of patinated bronze, c. 1810 (The East Gallery, Buckingham Palace)

Porcelain

Sèvres porcelain
Sèvres porcelain
– Arguably the world's largest collection Chelsea porcelain – Complete service finished in 1763

Sculpture

Antonio Canova
Antonio Canova
– at least 3 items: Mars and Venus, c. 1815–17 (The Ministers' Staircase, Buckingham Palace) Fountain nymph, 1819 (The Marble Hall, Buckingham Palace) Dirce, 1824 (The Marble Hall, Buckingham Palace) François Girardon – at least 1 item: Bronze equestrian statue of Louis XIV, after Girardon, c. 1700

Louis-Claude Vassé – at least 1 item: Equestrian statue of Louis XV, a small reduction copy after the original by Edmé Bouchardon, c. 1764

Ancient World – at least 1 item: Ancient Roman
Ancient Roman
– Crouching Earth

Tapestries and carpets

Gobelins – at least 36 items: Tapestry, four (from a series of twenty-eight designs) from the 'History of Don Quixote' given by Louis XVI
Louis XVI
to Richard Cosway, by whom presented to George IV, c. 1788 Tapestry, eight from the series 'Les Portières des Dieux', c. 18th century Tapestry, four from the series 'Les Amours des Dieux', c. late 18th century Tapestry, eight from the series 'Jason and the Golden Fleece', 1776-9 Tapestry, seven from the series 'History of Esther', 1783 Tapestry, three from the series 'Story of Daphnis and Chloë', 1754 Tapestry, two from the series 'Story of Meleager and Atalanta', 1844

Gems and Jewels[edit] A collection of 277 cameos, intaglios, badges of insignia, snuffboxes and pieces of jewellery known as the Gems and Jewels are kept at Windsor Castle. Separate from Elizabeth II's jewels
Elizabeth II's jewels
and the Crown Jewels, 24 pre-date the Renaissance
Renaissance
and the rest were made in the 16th–19th centuries. In 1862, it was first shown publicly at the South Kensington Museum, now the Victoria and Albert Museum. Several objects were removed and others added in the second half of the Victorian period. An inventory of the collection was made in 1872, and a catalogue, Ancient and Modern Gems and Jewels in the Collection of Her Majesty The Queen, was published in 2008 by the Royal Collection Trust.[20] Ownership[edit] The Royal Collection
Royal Collection
is privately owned, although some of the works are displayed in areas of palaces and other royal residences open to visitors for the public to enjoy.[21] Some of the collection is owned by the monarch personally, and everything else is described as being held in trust by the monarch in right of the Crown. All works of art acquired by monarchs up to the death of Queen Victoria
Queen Victoria
in 1901 are heirlooms which fall into the latter category. Items the British royal family acquired later, including official gifts,[22] can be added to that part of the collection by a monarch at his or her discretion. Ambiguity surrounds the status of objects that have come into the possession of Queen Elizabeth II.[23] The Royal Collection Trust has confirmed that all pieces left to the Queen by the Queen Mother, which include works by Monet, Nash, and Fabergé, belong to her personally.[24] It has also been confirmed that she owns the Royal stamp collection, inherited from her father George VI, as a private individual.[25] Non-personal items are said to be inalienable as they can only be willed to the monarch's successor. The legal accuracy of this claim has never been substantiated in court.[26] According to Cameron Cobbold, then Lord Chamberlain, speaking in 1971, minor items have occasionally been sold to help raise money for acquisitions, and duplicates of items are given away as presents within the Commonwealth.[23] In 1995, Iain Sproat, then Secretary of State for National Heritage, told the House of Commons that selling objects was "entirely a matter for the Queen".[27] In a 2000 television interview, the Duke of Edinburgh
Edinburgh
said that the Queen was "technically, perfectly at liberty to sell them".[17] Hypothetical questions have been asked in Parliament about what may happen to the collection if the United Kingdom ever became a republic.[28] In other European countries, the art collections of deposed monarchies have usually been taken into state ownership or become part of other national collections held in trust for the public's enjoyment.[21] Management[edit] A registered charity, the Royal Collection Trust was set up in 1993 after the Windsor Castle
Windsor Castle
fire with a mandate to conserve the works and enhance the public's appreciation and understanding of art.[29] It employs around 500 staff and is one of the five departments of the Royal Household.[30] Buildings do not come under its remit. In 2012, the team of curatorial staff numbered 29, and there were 32 conservationists.[31] Income is raised by charging entrance fees to see the collection at various locations and selling books and merchandise to the public. The Trust is financially independent and receives no Government funding or public subsidy.[32] The conservation studio at Marlborough House
Marlborough House
is responsible for the in-house conservation of furniture and decorative objects located at Buckingham Palace, Windsor Castle, Frogmore House, Palace of Holyroodhouse, St James's Palace, Sandringham House, Hampton Court Palace, Kensington Palace, Kew Palace
Kew Palace
and Osborne House.[33] Gallery[edit]

Leonardo da Vinci
Leonardo da Vinci
– Studies of the Fetus in the Womb, 1511

Cranach, Lucas (the Elder) – Apollo and Diana, c. 1526

Holbein, Hans (the Younger) – Portrait of Sir Henry Guildford, 1527

Bruegel, Peter (the Elder) – Massacre of the Innocents, 1565–67

Caravaggio
Caravaggio
– The Calling of Saints Peter and Andrew, c. 1602–04

Isaac Oliver, portrait miniature Young Man Seated under a Tree

Frans Hals
Frans Hals
– Portrait of a Man, 1630

Rembrandt, The Shipbuilder and his Wife: Jan Rijcksen (1560/2-1637) and his wife, Griet Jans, 1633

See also[edit]

Crown Collection Government Art Collection Wallace Collection

References[edit]

^ Stuart Jeffries (21 November 2002). "Kindness of strangers". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 July 2016.  ^ Jerry Brotton (2 April 2006). "The great British art swindle". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 1 December 2016. (subscription required) ^ "Royal Taxation". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). 218. United Kingdom: House of Commons. 11 February 1993. col. 1121.  ^ "Royal Taxation". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). 351. United Kingdom: House of Commons. 7 June 2000. col. 273W.  ^ a b c "FAQs about the Royal Collection". Royal Collection
Royal Collection
Trust. Archived from the original on 4 April 2016.  ^ "Secrets of the Queen's paintings". The Telegraph. 15 February 2015. Retrieved 21 March 2016.  ^ "Lady at the Virginals with a Gentleman". Royal Collection
Royal Collection
Trust. Inventory no. 405346.  ^ a b c d Michael Prodger (17 December 2017). "The Royals' Treasures". Culture. The Sunday Times. pp. 44–45.  ^ R. Brinley Jones, ‘Llwyd, Humphrey (1527–1568)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Sept 2004 ^ Royal Treasures, A Golden Jubilee Celebration. Edited by Jane Roberts. Publisher: Royal Collection
Royal Collection
Enterprises, St. James' Palace, London, 2002. Page 25 (by Sir Hugh Roberts) and Page 391 (chapter 14). ISBN 1-902163-49-4 (h-b uk) and ISBN 1-902163-52-4 (pb uk) ^ "The Triumphs of Caesar: 4. The Vase-Bearers". Royal Collection Trust. Inventory no. 403961.  ^ "Portrait of Jacopo Sannazaro". Royal Collection
Royal Collection
Trust. Inventory no. 407190.  ^ "Works of Art". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). 216. United Kingdom: House of Commons. 11 January 1993. col. 540W.  ^ "Royal Collection". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). 315. United Kingdom: House of Commons. 7 July 1998. col. 429W.  ^ Robert Hardman (2011). Our Queen. Random House. p. 102. ISBN 978-1-4070-8808-2.  ^ "Art Collections". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). 219. United Kingdom: House of Commons. 19 February 1993. col. 366W.  ^ a b "The convenient fiction of who owns priceless treasure". The Guardian. 30 May 2002. Retrieved 1 December 2016.  ^ The Social Affairs Unit – at least Web Review: Dutch Paintings at the Royal Collection ^ Jones, Jonathan (30 August 2006). "The real Da Vinci code". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 22 May 2010.  ^ Kirsten Aschengreen Piacenti; John Boardman (2008). Ancient and Modern Gems and Jewels in the Collection of Her Majesty The Queen. Royal Collection
Royal Collection
Trust. p. 11. ISBN 978-1-902163-47-5.  ^ a b Christopher Lloyd (1999). The Paintings in the Royal Collection: A Thematic Exploration. Royal Collection
Royal Collection
Enterprises. pp. 11–12. ISBN 978-1-902163-59-8. It is, therefore, a private collection, although its sheer size (some 7,000 pictures) and its display in palaces and royal residences (several of which are open to the public) give it a public dimension.  ^ "Force the Royal Family to declare gifts, say MPs". Evening Standard. London. 30 January 2007. Retrieved 26 November 2016.  ^ a b Andrew Morton (1989). Theirs Is the Kingdom: The Wealth of the Windsors. Michael O'Mara Books. p. 156. ISBN 978-0-948397-23-3.  ^ David McClure (2015). Royal Legacy. Thistle. pp. 209–210. ISBN 191019865X.  ^ McClure, p. 20. ^ Jeremy Paxman (2007). On Royalty. Penguin Adult. p. 165. ISBN 978-0-14-101222-3.  ^ "Ethiopian Manuscripts". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). 263. United Kingdom: House of Commons. 19 July 1995. col. 1463W.  ^ "Royal Finances". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). 388. United Kingdom: House of Commons. 9 July 2002. col. 221WH.  ^ Robert Hardman (2011). Our Queen. Random House. p. 43. ISBN 978-1-4070-8808-2.  ^ "Working for us". Royal Collection
Royal Collection
Trust. Retrieved 21 March 2016.  ^ "The Royal Collection: Not only for Queen, but also for country". The Telegraph. 28 May 2012. Retrieved 21 March 2016.  ^ "Full accounts made up to 31 March 2015". Companies House. Retrieved 21 March 2016.  ^ "Annual report 2006/7" (PDF). Royal Collection
Royal Collection
Trust. Retrieved 21 March 2016. 

Further reading[edit]

Hall, Michael (2017). Art, Passion & Power: The Story of the Royal Collection. BBC Books. ISBN 978-1-785-94261-7.  Millar, Oliver (1977). The Queen's Pictures. Weidenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN 978-0-297-77267-5.  Plumb, J. H.; Wheldon, Huw (1977). Royal Heritage: The Story of Britain's Royal Builders and Collectors. BBC Books. ISBN 978-0-563-17082-2.  Roberts, Jane (2008). Treasures: The Royal Collection. Royal Collection Trust. ISBN 978-1-905-68606-3. 

External links[edit]

Media related to the Royal Collection
Royal Collection
at Wikimedia Commons Royal Collection Trust official website Royal Collection Trust channel at Vimeo Podcast library at i

.