HOME
The Info List - Rowley Regis


--- Advertisement ---



Rowley Regis
Rowley Regis
(/ˌroʊli ˈriːdʒɪs/ ROH-lee REE-jiss) is a historic parish and former municipal borough, in the Black Country
Black Country
region of the West Midlands, England. Considered one of the six 'towns' that comprise the modern-day Sandwell
Sandwell
Metropolitan Borough,[2] it encompasses the wards of Blackheath, Cradley Heath
Cradley Heath
and Old Hill, and Rowley Village.[3] At the 2011 census, the combined population of Rowley Regis
Rowley Regis
was 50,257.[1]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Civic history

2 Geography

2.1 Localities (former borough of Rowley Regis)

3 Famous residents 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

History[edit] The history of Rowley Regis
Rowley Regis
began in the 12th century,[4] when a small village grew around the parish church of St. Giles, approximately two miles south-east of the town of Dudley. Rowley was part of the Royal hunting grounds - Regis was added to the name of Rowley in around 1140 to signify it was that part of Rowley belonging to the King. It began to develop substantially between the two World Wars, when thousands of privately owned and local authority houses were built in the surrounding area. During that time Rowley Regis
Rowley Regis
became a borough, and incorporated the communities of Blackheath, Old Hill, and Cradley Heath. These places were all within the ancient parish of Rowley Regis, which (despite being in the county of Staffordshire) was in the diocese of Worcester. The parish contained the manors of Rowley Regis and Rowley Somery, the latter being part of the barony of Dudley, but the extents of these manors and the relationship between them are not clear. The present St. Giles Church on Church Road is not the original church in Rowley Regis. The church built in 1840 to succeed the original mediaeval building, was found to be unsafe and condemned in 1900. The next church, built in 1904, was burned down in 1913, some believing the fire to have been started by Suffragettes or local striking steelworkers; this however is supposition and it was more than probable it was a simple accident, the church at this time using parrafin as a means of lighting and the latter perhaps causing the fire. Its present day successor was designed by Holland W. Hobbiss
Holland W. Hobbiss
and A. S. Dixon, and was built in 1923.[5]

Brick made by H Doulton & Co. of Rowley Regis, displayed in the Black Country
Black Country
Living Museum

Rowley Regis railway station
Rowley Regis railway station
opened in 1867 in the south of the then village, and remains in use to this day. Rowley's grammar school was opened on Hawes Lane in September 1962. Well-known former pupils include Pete Williams (original bass player with Dexys Midnight Runners), and actress Josie Lawrence. In 1974, when comprehensive schools became universal in the new borough of Sandwell, the grammar school became Rowley Regis
Rowley Regis
Sixth Form College, the last intake of grammar school pupils having been inducted the previous year. In 2003 it became an annexe of Dudley
Dudley
College, but this arrangement lasted just one year before the buildings fell into disuse. It was demolished three years later, and the site was redeveloped as the new Rowley Learning Campus under Sandwell's Building Schools for the Future
Building Schools for the Future
programme,[6] comprising St Michael's Church of England
England
High School, Westminster Special
Special
School, and Whiteheath Education Centre, which opened in September 2011.

Rowley Regis Borough of Rowley Regis

Municipal borough

Former Rowley Regis
Rowley Regis
Council House, demolished in 2012

Population

 • 1911 37,000[7]

 • 1961 48,146

History

 • Preceded by Sanitary district

 • Created 1894

 • Abolished 1966

 • Succeeded by County Borough of Warley Sandwell
Sandwell
Metropolitan Borough

Status Urban district (1894-1933) Municipal borough (1933-1966)

Government Rowley Regis
Rowley Regis
Borough Council

 • HQ Council House, Old Hill

 • Motto "Loyal and Industrious"

Arms of Rowley Regis
Rowley Regis
Borough Council

Civic history[edit] Originally in Staffordshire, the Rowley Regis
Rowley Regis
Urban District was formed in 1894 to cover the villages of Rowley, Blackheath, Cradley Heath, and Old Hill. The urban district was incorporated into a municipal borough in 1933.[8] Following the acquisition of borough status, plans were unveiled to build new council offices in the borough to replace the existing offices in Lawrence Lane, Old Hill. A site on the corner of Halesowen
Halesowen
Road and Barrs Road was selected, with working commencing in October 1937, and the building being completed in December 1938. In 1966, the borough of Rowley Regis
Rowley Regis
merged with the boroughs of Oldbury and Smethwick
Smethwick
to form the Warley County Borough,[9] and became part of Worcestershire. There had previously been plans to incorporate Rowley Regis
Rowley Regis
into an expanded Dudley
Dudley
borough, and for Halesowen
Halesowen
to join up with Oldbury and Smethwick
Smethwick
instead.[citation needed] Eight years later, in 1974, on the formation of the West Midlands Metropolitan county, Warley merged with West Bromwich
West Bromwich
to form the Sandwell
Sandwell
Metropolitan Borough. It is now right in the core of the West Midlands conurbation. Following the demise of Rowley Regis
Rowley Regis
as a standalone borough in 1966, the council offices in Barrs Road were retained by Warley council and then by Sandwell
Sandwell
council. However, a plan was submitted in July 2012 by Sandwell
Sandwell
Leisure Trust to demolish the buildings to make way for an expansion to the neighbouring Haden Hill Leisure Centre, and the development of a new fire station.[10] The archives for Rowley Regis
Rowley Regis
Borough are held at Sandwell
Sandwell
Community History and Archives Service.

Geography[edit]

Turner's Hill, the highest point in the West Midlands

Rowley Regis
Rowley Regis
is the location of the Rowley Hills, famed for the quarrying of Rowley Rag Stone. The hills form part of the east/west watershed between the rivers Trent and Severn,[11] and contain the highest point in the West Midlands region, Turner's Hill, at 269m above sea level.[12] Localities (former borough of Rowley Regis)[edit]

Blackheath Cradley Heath Haden Hill Old Hill Rowley Village Whiteheath

Famous residents[edit]

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (July 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Josie Lawrence – British actress, was educated at Rowley Regis Grammar School (1970–75). Pete Williams – bass player with Dexys Midnight Runners
Dexys Midnight Runners
between 1978 and 1981, was educated at Rowley Regis
Rowley Regis
Grammar School (1971–1976). John Haden Badley
John Haden Badley
– centenarian and founder of Bedales
Bedales
School grew up spending time at his family's country home "Foxcote" and visiting his uncle and cousins at Haden Hill. Carlton Palmer – former footballer who played for the England
England
team as well as clubs including West Bromwich
West Bromwich
Albion, Sheffield Wednesday and Leeds United. George Smith 1805–1874 – executioner (period in office 1849–1872). George Smith was born in Rowley Regis
Rowley Regis
in 1805 and was a prisoner himself at Stafford when he entered the "trade" as an assistant to William Calcraft. His first job was assisting at the double hanging of James Owen and George Thomas outside Stafford Gaol on 11 April 1840. He learnt the job and was able to perform executions himself, principally in the Midlands. Smith's most famous solo execution was that of the Rugeley
Rugeley
poisoner, Dr William Palmer for the murder of John Parsons Cook, before a large crowd at Stafford Gaol on 14 June 1856. Smith was to hang a further 14 men and one woman at Stafford, the last in August 1872. He assisted Calcraft at the first private hanging in England
England
(of Thomas Wells see below) in August 1868. He was renowned for his long white coat and top hat which he wore at public hangings. Smith's son, also George, assisted at three executions at Stafford prison. Initially, it is said that he was hired by the Under Sheriff of Staffordshire
Staffordshire
to save the cost of bringing Calcraft up from London. With the advent of a good rail network, Smith, like Askern and Calcraft, could operate much further afield in later years. George Smith carried out two private executions, the last at Stafford on 13 August 1872, when he hanged 34-year-old Christopher Edwards for the murder of his wife.

See also[edit]

Regis (place) List of place names with royal patronage in the United Kingdom

References[edit]

^ a b "Census 2011 Key Stats". Sandwell
Sandwell
Trends. Sandwell
Sandwell
Metropolitan Borough Council. Retrieved 2 July 2013.  ^ "Where is Sandwell?". Tourism and Travel. Sandwell
Sandwell
Council. Retrieved 9 October 2012.  ^ "About". I love Rowley Regis. rowleyregis.com. Retrieved 9 October 2012.  ^ "Rowley Timeline". Rowley Village and Rowley Regis. Retrieved 9 October 2012.  ^ The Buildings of England: Worcestershire, Nikolaus Pevsner, 1963 p89 ^ Sandwell
Sandwell
Metropolitan Borough Council: Building Schools for the Future www.bsf.sandwell.gov.uk ^ " Rowley Regis
Rowley Regis
UD/MD through time - Population Statistics - Total Population". A Vision of Britain through Time. GB Historical GIS/University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 15 April 2017.  ^ [1] ^ " Rowley Regis
Rowley Regis
UD/MB Through Time - Census tables with data for the Local Government District". A Vision of Britain through Time. GB Historical GIS/University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 15 April 2017.  ^ [2] ^ "The Rowley Hills". Birmingham
Birmingham
and Black Country
Black Country
Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 6 April 2013.  ^ "West Midlands". Destinations. Live for the Outdoors. Retrieved 6 April 2013. 

External links[edit]

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of the 1905 New International Encyclopedia article Rowley Regis.

Sandwell
Sandwell
BSF Community Forum for Rowley Regis

v t e

Ceremonial county of West Midlands

Metropolitan districts

City of Birmingham City of Coventry City of Wolverhampton Metropolitan Borough of Dudley Metropolitan Borough of Sandwell Metropolitan Borough of Solihull Metropolitan Borough of Walsall

Major settlements

Aldridge Bilston Birmingham Blackheath Bloxwich Brierley Hill Brownhills Coventry Cradley Heath Darlaston Dudley Fordbridge Halesowen Oldbury Rowley Regis Smethwick Solihull Stourbridge Sutton Coldfield Tipton Walsall Wednesbury West Bromwich Willenhall Wolverhampton See also: West Midlands

Rivers

River Blythe River Cole River Penk River Rea Smestow Brook River Sherbourne River Sow River Sowe River Stour River Tame

Canals

Birmingham
Birmingham
Canal Navigations Shropshire Union Canal Staffordshire
Staffordshire
& Worcestershire Worcester & Birmingham

Topics

Places Population of major settlements Parliamentary constituencies SSSIs Country houses Grade I listed buildings Grade II* listed buildings Conservation areas History Lord Lieutenants High Sheriffs Museums

Black Country Birmingham
Birmingham
Airport Coventry/Bedworth Urban Area Transport for West Midlands West Midlands conurbation West Midlands Combined Authority Mayor of

.