(/ˈraʊtlɪdʒ/) is a British multinational publisher.
It was founded in 1836 by George Routledge, and specialises in
providing academic books, journals, & online resources in the
fields of humanities, behavioural science, education, law and social
science. The company publishes approximately 1,800 journals and 5,000
new books each year and their backlist encompasses over 70,000
is claimed to be the largest global academic
publisher within humanities and social sciences.
became a subdivision and imprint of its former
rival, Taylor & Francis Group (T&F), as a result of a £90
million acquisition deal from Cinven, a venture capital group which
had purchased it two years previously for £25 million. Following
the merger of
and T&F in 2004,
publishing unit and major imprint within the
is headquartered in the main
T&F office in Milton Park, Abingdon,
and also operates
from T&F offices globally including in Philadelphia, Melbourne,
4.1 Encyclopaedias & Reference Works
5 See also
7 External links
The firm originated in 1836, when the London bookseller George
Routledge published an unsuccessful guidebook, The Beauties of
Gilsland with his brother-in-law W H (William Henry) Warne as
assistant. In 1848 the pair entered the booming market for selling
inexpensive imprints of works of fiction to rail travellers, in the
style of the German
Tauchnitz family, which became known as the
The venture was a success as railway usage grew, and it eventually led
to Routledge, along with W H Warne's Brother Frederick Warne, to found
George Routledge & Co. in 1851. The following
year in 1852, the company gained lucrative business through selling
reprints of Uncle Tom's Cabin, (in the public domain in the UK) which
allowed for it to be able to pay author
Edward Bulwer-Lytton £20,000
for a 10-year lease allowing sole rights to print all 35 of his works
 including 19 of his novels to be sold cheaply as part of their
"Railway Library" series. 
The company was restyled in 1858 as Routledge, Warne & Routledge
when George Routledge's son, Robert Warne Routledge, entered the
Frederick Warne eventually left the company after the
death of his brother W.H. Warne in May 1859 (died aged 37).
Gaining rights to some titles, he founded
Frederick Warne & Co in
1865, which became known for its
Beatrix Potter books. In July
1865, George Routledge's son
Edmund Routledge became a partner, and
the firm became
George Routledge & Sons.
By 1899 the company was running close to bankruptcy. Following a
successful restructuring in 1902 by scientist Sir William Crookes,
banker Arthur Ellis Franklin,
William Swan Sonnenschein
William Swan Sonnenschein as managing
director, and others, however, it was able to recover and began to
acquire and merge with other publishing companies including J. C.
Nimmo Ltd. in 1903. In 1912 the company took over the management of
Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co., the descendant of companies
founded by Charles Kegan Paul, Alexander Chenevix Trench, Nicholas
Trübner, and George Redway.
These early 20th-century acquisitions brought with them lists of
notable scholarly titles, and from 1912 onward, the company became
increasingly concentrated in the academic and scholarly publishing
business under the imprint "Kegan Paul Trench Trubner", as well as
reference, fiction and mysticism. In 1947,
George Routledge and Sons
finally merged with Kegan Paul Trench Trubner (the umlaut had been
quietly dropped in the First World War) under the name of Routledge
& Kegan Paul. Using C.K Ogden and later
Karl Mannheim as
advisers the company was soon particularly known for its titles in
philosophy, psychology and the social sciences.
Routledge & Kegan Paul joined with Associated Book
Publishers (ABP), which was later acquired by International
Thomson in 1987. Under Thomson's ownership, Routledge's name and
operations were retained, and, in 1996, a management buyout financed
by the European private equity firm
Routledge operating as
an independent company once again. Just two year later,
Routledge's directors accepted a deal for Routledge's acquisition by
Taylor & Francis Group (T&F), with the
Routledge name being
retained as an imprint and subdivision.
In 2004, T&F became a division within
Informa plc after a merger.
Routledge continues as a primary publishing unit and imprint within
Informa's 'academic publishing' division, publishing academic
humanities and social science books, journals, reference works and
Routledge has grown considerably as a result of
organic growth and acquisitions of other publishing companies and
other publishers' titles by its parent company. Humanities
and social sciences titles acquired by T&F from other publishers
are rebranded under the
The famous English publisher
Fredric Warburg was a commissioning
Routledge during the early 20th century. Novelist Nina
Stibbe author of
Love, Nina worked at the company as a Commissioning
Editor in the 1990s.
Routledge has published many of the greatest thinkers and scholars of
the last hundred years, including Adorno, Bohm, Butler, Derrida,
Einstein, Foucault, Freud, Hayek, Jung, Levi-Strauss, McLuhan,
Marcuse, Popper, Russell, Sartre and Wittgenstein. The republished
works of these authors have appeared as part of the Routledge
Routledge Great Minds series. Competitors to the
series are Verso Books' Radical Thinkers,
Penguin Classics and Oxford
Encyclopaedias & Reference Works
Taylor and Francis closed down the
Routledge print encyclopaedia
division in 2006. Some of its publications were:
Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, by Edward Craig (1998), in 10
volumes, but now online.
Encyclopedia of Ethics, by
Lawrence C. Becker and Charlotte B. Becker
(2002), in three volumes.
Reference Works by Europa Publications, published by Routledge:
Europa World Year Book.
International Who's Who.
Europa World of Learning.
Many of Routledge's reference works are published in print and
electronic formats as
Routledge Handbooks and have their own dedicated
Routledge Handbooks Online. The company also publishes
several online encyclopedias and collections of digital content such
Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy,
Routledge Encyclopedia of
Routledge Performance Archive, and South Asia
Routledge academic journals
^ "Managing Director,
Humanities & Social Science Books, Taylor
& Francis Group". Informa.
^ Upton, Clive; Kretzschmar, Jr., William A. (2017). The Routledge
Dictionary of Pronunciation for Current English (2nd ed.). Routledge.
p. 1164. ISBN 978-1-138-12566-7.
^ "About Us – Routledge". Retrieved 14 February 2015.
^ "Publishing With Us – Routledge". Taylor & Francis Group.
^ "Outsell HSS Market Size Share Forecast" (PDF).
^ "Books merger yields windfall of £6m". The Independent. Retrieved
14 February 2015.
^ "T&F Group Global Offices".
^ a b "Yellowbacks: III – Routledge's Railway Library". Retrieved 15
^ "UCL Library Services:
Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd Archives –
1850–1984". Retrieved 15 February 2015.
^ Sutherland (2009:527,553).
^ Barnes, James J.; Barnes, Patience P. (2004). "Routledge, George".
Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford
University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/24184. (Subscription or
UK public library membership required.)
^ "Geni – William Henry Warne (1822–1859) – Genealogy".
Retrieved 16 February 2015.
^ "ketupa.net – Taylor and Francis Informa". Retrieved 16 February
^ "Routledge, George (DNB00)". DNB. Retrieved 10 November 2015.
^ "The Lucile Project,"PUBLISHER: Kegan Paul, Trench & Company;
Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Company, London"". University of
Iowa. Retrieved 12 December 2016.
^ Franklin (1987),
^ Whipp (1992:47)
^ Clark & Phillips (2008:xvi); Cope (1998)
Academic Publishing Industry: A Story of Merger and Acquisition
Archived 4 May 2012 at
WebCite - Taylor & Francis.
^ a b Taylor & Francis
^ "Results for 12 months to 31st December 2015" (PDF).
^ "About Nina Stibbe".
Routledge Classics and
Routledge Great Minds".
^ a b "
Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy".
^ "Europa World Online".
^ "World Who's Who".
^ "The Europa World of Learning".
Routledge Handbooks Online".
Routledge Encyclopedia of Modernism".
Routledge Performance Archive".
^ "South Asia Archive".
Citations and other sources
Boynton, Robert (March–April 1995). "The
Routledge Revolution: Has
Academic Publishing Gone Tabloid?" (online reproduction, by author
[n.pag.]). Lingua Franca: the review of academic life. Mamaroneck, NY:
Lingua Franca, Inc. 5 (3): 24–32. OCLC 61311445. Retrieved 21
Clark, Giles N.; Angus Phillips (2008). Inside Book Publishing. Taylor
& Francis e-Library collection (4th ed.). Abingdon, UK and New
York: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-203-34154-4.
Cope, Nigel (5 November 1998). "Books merger yields windfall of £6m"
(online edition). The Independent. London: Independent News &
Media. Retrieved 21 August 2009.
Franklin, Norman (1986).
Routledge & Kegan Paul: 150 years of
Great Publishing. London:
Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Sutherland, John (2009). The Longman Companion to Victorian Fiction
(2nd ed.). Abingdon, UK and New York, USA: Routledge.
Warburg, Fredric (1960). An Occupation for Gentlemen (1st American
ed.). Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin. OCLC 1201220.
Whipp, Richard (1992). "Human Resource Management, Competition and
Strategy: Some Productive Tensions". In Paul Blyton and Peter Turnbull
(eds.). Reassessing Human Resource Management. London: SAGE
Publications. pp. 33–55. ISBN 0-8039-8697-1.
OCLC 28325927. CS1 maint: Extra text: editors list (link)
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Routledge.
Routledge Revivals: Reprints from humanities and social sciences
publications, from the backlists of
Routledge & Kegan Paul Archives: Ledgers, authors' agreements,
printed catalogues and other papers 1853-1973, University College
Routledge & Kegan Paul - Correspondence files covering
the period 1935 to 1990, as well as review files 1950s-1990s, Special
Collections, University of Reading Library.
George Routledge & Company 1853-1902, Chadwyck-Healey
Ltd, 1973. 6 reels of microfilm and printed index. (Available from
Archives of Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner and Henry S. King 1858-1912,
Chadwyck-Healey Ltd,1973. 27 reels of microfilm with index on
microfiche. (Available from Proquest)
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