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The Route nationale
Route nationale
7, or RN 7, is a trunk road (nationale) in France between Paris
Paris
and the border with Italy. It was also known as Route des vacances (The Holiday Route), Route bleue (The Blue Route), and — sarcastically, during the annual rush to the Mediterranean
Mediterranean
beaches — the Route de la mort (Road of Death).

Contents

1 History 2 Reclassification 3 Route

3.1 Paris
Paris
to Nemours
Nemours
(0 km to 64 km) 3.2 Nemours
Nemours
to Lyon
Lyon
(64 km to 438 km) 3.3 Lyon
Lyon
to Avignon
Avignon
(438 km to 662 km) 3.4 Avignon
Avignon
to Italy
Italy
(662 km to 931 km) 3.5 List of communes

4 In popular history 5 References 6 Further reading 7 External links

History[edit] The Romans under Marcus Agrippa established a network of roads in 20 AD radiating from the then capital of the Gauls at Lugdunum (Lyon), known collectively as Via Agrippa. From Lugdunum the road north passed towards Lutèce (Paris) following roughly the route of current RN 6, and southward towards Rome, skirting the Rhone and passing through Arausio (Orange) and following the edge of the Mediterranean, like the current RN 7. In the 15th century, with the creation of the royal post by Louis XI, a coherent network of roads was set up. The routes from Paris
Paris
to Lyon pass through Moulins (route du Bourbonnais) or Dijon (route de Bourgogne). In the next century the first regular use of the road is made and elms were planted along the ways for shade and to mark the route. At that time (1553) the Le Guide des chemins de France
France
("Guide to the roads of France"), by the royal printer Robert Estienne, the ancestor of all the modern guidebooks, was published.[1] Reclassification[edit] The RN 7 is being upgraded or replaced by the A77 autoroute. As the route elsewhere runs parallel to autoroutes as a result other sections have been re-numbered the RD 7, RD 607, RD 307, RD 907, RD 707, RD 207, RD 7n, RDN 7 and RD 6007. Route[edit] Paris-Nemours-Moulins-Lyon-Avignon-Aix-en-Provence-Nice-Italy Paris
Paris
to Nemours
Nemours
(0 km to 64 km)[edit] The road starts at the Porte d'Italie in Paris
Paris
and is called the Avenue de Fontainebleau. The road passes through Southern Parisian suburbs and under the Aéroport of Paris-Orly before reaching the Seine
Seine
at Évry. It then follows the West bank of the river South. The road enters the Forêt de Fontainebleau
Fontainebleau
and then the town of Fontainebleau
Fontainebleau
with a junction with the RN 6. The RN 7 then heads South along the Loing
Loing
valley before reaching Nemours
Nemours
and a junction with the A6 autoroute. Nemours
Nemours
to Lyon
Lyon
(64 km to 438 km)[edit] After Nemours
Nemours
the road continues along the East bank of the Loire past the Rochers de Nemours
Nemours
and parallel to the A 77. The road follows a route to Montargis
Montargis
and after the Forêt de Montargis
Montargis
heads down into the Loire Valley at Briare. The road then follows the East bank of the Loire and after Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire
Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire
the road has been upgraded to the A 77. This is prime wine producing territory with Sancerre 6 km to the West and Pouilly where the RN 7 commences again. After the town of Nevers
Nevers
the road passes Magny-Cours
Magny-Cours
race track and crosses the river. It follows the Allier valley through gently rolling countryside to Moulins where the RN 9 branches off to the South. The RN 7 heads East climbing over hills at Lapalisse
Lapalisse
and then back into the Loire valley crossing the river again at Roanne
Roanne
at the head of the Gorges de la Loire. The road is then dual carriageway south before turning east over the Col du Pin Bouchain (760 m). The road then heads down into Tarare
Tarare
and through a series of ridges to Lyon. Lyon
Lyon
to Avignon
Avignon
(438 km to 662 km)[edit] The road crosses the Rhône and heads South through the Bois de St Jean. It has a junction with the A 46 (E 70) as it travels South to Vienne. The A 7 runs parallel and now takes the bulk of through traffic. The road passes Le Péage-de-Roussillon
Le Péage-de-Roussillon
and follows the East bank of the river to Tain-l'Hermitage. It then crosses the Isère River to Valence. A bridge over the river Drôme brings the road to Montélimar. The road then sweeps round the Défilé de Donzère
Donzère
before crossing the navigable Canal de Donzère
Donzère
and past the Tricastin nuclear station. After which the road crosses the canal and follows the East bank of the Rhône to Orange. The road skirts hills to reach Avignon and enters Provence. Avignon
Avignon
to Italy
Italy
(662 km to 931 km)[edit]

The RN 7 as Avenue Francis Tonner in Cannes.

After Avignon
Avignon
the road heads south east across the River Durance
Durance
and East of Les plaines and then Southeast over Plat de Seze Chaine and parallel to the Chaine de la Trévaresse and Chaine d’ Éguilles
Éguilles
to Aix-en-Provence. The road then runs parallel to the A 8 South of Montagne du Cergle and past Mont Aurélien (875 m). After Brignoles
Brignoles
the road is dual-carriageway and goes past Parc Mini France
France
and into the Argens valley before reaching the Mediterranean
Mediterranean
at Fréjus. The road then turns north away from the coast passing north round the Massif de Éstérel and Mont Vinaigre (614 m) to the Côte d’Azur. The road reaches Cannes
Cannes
and then follows the coast round the Golfe St Juan past Antibes
Antibes
to Nice. After Nice
Nice
the road takes the Moyenne Corniche around Monaco
Monaco
before reaching the frontier with Italy
Italy
after Menton. The road in Italy becomes the SS1 (Strada Statale 1 "Aurelia") and ends in Rome, while the A 8 becomes the Autostrada A10 and ends in Genoa. List of communes[edit]

Île-de-France: Paris
Paris
(Porte d'Italie), Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, Villejuif, L'Haÿ-les-Roses, Vitry-sur-Seine, Chevilly-Larue, Thiais, Rungis, Orly, passing over tracks of Orly Airport, Villeneuve-le-Roi, Paray-Vieille-Poste, Athis-Mons, Juvisy-sur-Orge, Viry-Châtillon, Grigny, Ris-Orangis, Évry, Corbeil-Essonnes, Le Coudray-Montceaux (Plessis Chenet), Saint-Fargeau-Ponthierry, Pringy, Villiers-en-Bière, Chailly-en-Bière, Forest of Fontainebleau, Fontainebleau, Bourron-Marlotte, Grez-sur-Loing, Saint-Pierre-lès-Nemours, Nemours, Souppes-sur-Loing. Centre-Val de Loire: Dordives, Fontenay-sur-Loing, Cepoy, Châlette-sur-Loing, Montargis, Amilly, Mormant-sur-Vernisson, Solterre
Solterre
(La Commodité), Nogent-sur-Vernisson, Boismorand
Boismorand
(Les Bézards), La Bussière, Briare, Bonny-sur-Loire. Burgundy
Burgundy
(Nièvre): Neuvy-sur-Loire, La Celle-sur-Loire, Myennes, Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire, Tracy-sur-Loire
Tracy-sur-Loire
(Maltaverne), Pouilly-sur-Loire, Mesves-sur-Loire, La Charité-sur-Loire, La Marche, Tronsanges, Pougues-les-Eaux, Varennes-Vauzelles, Nevers, Challuy, Sermoise-sur-Loire, Magny-Cours, Saint-Parize-le-Châtel
Saint-Parize-le-Châtel
(Moiry), Saint-Pierre-le-Moûtier, Chantenay-Saint-Imbert, Tresnay. Auvergne (Allier): Villeneuve-sur-Allier, Trévol, Avermes, Moulins, Toulon-sur-Allier, Bessay-sur-Allier, Saint-Loup, Varennes-sur-Allier, Rongères, Saint-Gérand-le-Puy, Périgny, Lapalisse, Saint-Prix, Saint-Pierre-Laval. Rhône-Alpes: Saint-Martin-d'Estréaux, La Pacaudière, Changy, Saint-Forgeux-Lespinasse, Saint-Germain-Lespinasse, Saint-Romain-la-Motte, Roanne, Le Coteau, Parigny, Saint-Vincent-de-Boisset, Saint-Cyr-de-Favières, Neaux, Saint-Symphorien-de-Lay, Fourneaux, Machézal, Joux, Tarare, Pontcharra-sur-Turdine, Bully, L'Arbresle, Fleurieux-sur-l'Arbresle, Lentilly, La Tour-de-Salvagny, Dardilly, Charbonnières-les-Bains, Tassin-la-Demi-Lune, Lyon, Vénissieux, Feyzin, Saint-Symphorien-d'Ozon, Communay
Communay
(Les Pins), Vienne, Reventin-Vaugris, Chonas-l'Amballan, Auberives-sur-Varèze, Le Péage-de-Roussillon, Roussillon, Salaise-sur-Sanne, Chanas, Saint-Rambert-d'Albon, Le Creux-de-la-Thine, Andancette, Saint-Vallier, Ponsas, Serves-sur-Rhône, Érôme, Gervans, Tain-l'Hermitage, Pont-de-l'Isère, Bourg-lès-Valence, Valence, Portes-lès-Valence, Loriol-sur-Drôme, Saulce-sur-Rhône, La Coucourde, Savasse
Savasse
(hamlet of L'Homme d'Armes), Montélimar, Malataverne, Donzère, Pierrelatte. Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur: Lapalud, Mondragon, Mornas, Piolenc, Orange, Courthézon, Bédarrides, Sorgues, Le Pontet, Avignon, Noves, Saint-Andiol, Plan-d'Orgon, Orgon, Sénas, Lambesc, Saint-Cannat, Aix-en-Provence, Châteauneuf-le-Rouge, Rousset, Pourcieux, Saint-Maximin-la-Sainte-Baume, Tourves, Brignoles, Flassans-sur-Issole, Le Luc, Le Cannet-des-Maures, Vidauban, Le Muy, Puget-sur-Argens, Fréjus, Les Adrets-de-l'Estérel, Mandelieu-la-Napoule, Cannes, Golfe Juan, Antibes, Villeneuve-Loubet, Cagnes-sur-Mer, Saint-Laurent-du-Var, Nice, Villefranche-sur-Mer, Èze, La Turbie, Beausoleil, Roquebrune-Cap-Martin, Menton.

In popular history[edit]

A song by Charles Trenet
Charles Trenet
in 1959, Nationale 7 A song written by Alan Tunbridge and Al Jones and recorded by Pete Stanley & Wizz Jones
Wizz Jones
on Sixteen Tons of Bluegrass
Sixteen Tons of Bluegrass
and by John Renbourn on his eponymous album Many famous restaurants, including 3-star classified by Guide Michelin A museum of the Nationale 7 in Piolenc[2]

References[edit]

Parts of this article are from the French version.

^ A modern edition of Charles Estienne, Le Guide des chemins de France de 1553, has been brought out by J. Bonnerot (Paris, 1936, 2 vols.). ^ Site of the Museum Mémoire de la Nationale 7 (in French)

Further reading[edit]

Nélias, Thierry. Histoire de la nationale 7 : de l'Antiquité à la route des vacances. Paris: Pygmalion, 2014. ISBN 978-2-7564-0993-1. (in French) Dubois, Thierry C´était la Nationale 7, La Route Bleue, La Nationale 6. Editions Paquet. (in French) Michael O.R. Kröher, Wolfgang Groeger-Meier In die Sonne, in die Ferne. Auf einer Straße der Sehnsucht ans Mittelmeer. Verlagshaus Römerweg. EAN: 978-3-7374-0712-0 (in German) Peter Jacobs, Erwin De Decker Langzaam door Frankrijk, Lannoo. (in Dutch, French translation: Nationale 7. La route des vacances, Hachette)

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Route nationale
Route nationale
7.

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Routes nationales (main trunk roads) of France

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