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Rothari
Rothari
(or Rothair), (c. 606 – 652), of the house of Arodus, was king of the Lombards
Lombards
from 636 to 652; previously he had been duke of Brescia. He succeeded Arioald, who was an Arian like himself, and was one of the most energetic of Lombard kings. Fredegar
Fredegar
relates (Chronicle, 71) that at the beginning of his reign he put to death many insubordinate nobles, and that in his efforts for peace he maintained very strict discipline. Rothari
Rothari
conquered Genoa
Genoa
in 641 and the rest of Eastern Roman Liguria in 643. He conquered all remaining Eastern Roman territories in the lower valley of the Po, including Oderzo
Oderzo
(Opitergium) in 641. According to Paul the Deacon, " Rothari
Rothari
then captured all the cities of the Romans which were situated upon the shore of the sea from the city of Luna in Tuscany up to the boundaries of the Franks." (IV.xlv) With these quick conquests, he left the Eastern Roman with only the Ravennan marshes in northern Italy. The exarch of Ravenna, Plato, tried to regain some territory, but his invading army was defeated by Rothari
Rothari
on the banks of the Scultenna (the Panaro) near Modena, with the loss of 8,000 men, in 645. However, he recaptured Oderzo
Oderzo
at same year. Oderzo
Oderzo
finally was razed again by Grimoald in 667. Rothari's most lasting act was drawing up the eponymous Edictum Rothari
Rothari
which was the first written codification of Lombard law (it was written in Latin). He convened a gairethinx to affirm this new and improved collection of old tradition in 642 or 643. The edict only covered his Lombard men and subjects: Romans continued to live under Roman law
Roman law
in Lombard jurisdictions.[1] He was succeeded by his son Rodoald. A baptistery in Monte Sant'Angelo is traditionally known as the "Tomb of Rothari". Notes[edit]

^ "German Tribes org Lombard Kings". GermanTribes.org. Archived from the original on 2010-07-18. Retrieved 2010-07-18. 

References[edit]

Paul the Deacon, Historia Langobardorum IV.xlii and xlv ( English translation by William Dudley Foulke, 1907)

Regnal titles

Preceded by Alchis Duke of Brescia ? – 636 Succeeded by Gaidoald

Preceded by Arioald King of the Lombards 636–652 Succeeded by Rodoald

v t e

Kings of Italy
Italy
between 476 and 1556

Non-dynastic

Odoacer
Odoacer
(476–493)

Ostrogoths

Theoderic (493–526) Athalaric
Athalaric
(526–534) Theodahad
Theodahad
(534–536) Vitiges
Vitiges
(536–540) Ildibad
Ildibad
(540–541) Eraric
Eraric
(541) Totila
Totila
(541–552) Teia
Teia
(552–553)

Lombards

Alboin
Alboin
(568–572) Cleph
Cleph
(572–574) Interregnum (574–584) Authari
Authari
(584–590) Agilulf
Agilulf
(590–616) Adaloald
Adaloald
(616–626) Arioald
Arioald
(626–636) Rothari
Rothari
(636-652) Rodoald
Rodoald
(652–653) Aripert I
Aripert I
(653–661) Godepert
Godepert
(661–662) Perctarit
Perctarit
(661–662) Grimoald (662–671) Garibald
Garibald
(671) Perctarit
Perctarit
(671–688) Cunipert
Cunipert
(688–689) Alahis
Alahis
(689) Cunipert
Cunipert
(689–700) Liutpert
Liutpert
(700–702) Raginpert
Raginpert
(701) Aripert II
Aripert II
(702–712) Ansprand
Ansprand
(712) Liutprand (712–744) Hildeprand
Hildeprand
(744) Ratchis
Ratchis
(744–749) Aistulf
Aistulf
(749–756) Desiderius
Desiderius
(756–774)

Carolingians

Charles I (774–814) Pepin (781–810) Bernard (810–818) Lothair I
Lothair I
(818–855) Louis I (855–875) Charles II (875–877) Carloman (877–879) Charles III (879–887) Arnulf (896–899) Ratold (896)

Non-dynastic (title disputed 887–933)

Unruochings: Berengar I (887–924) Guideschi: Guy (889–894) Lambert (891–897) Welfs: Rudolph (922–933) Bosonids: Louis II (900–905) Hugh (926–947) Lothair II (945–950) Anscarids: Berengar II (950–963) Adalbert (950–963)

Kingdom of Italy
Italy
within the Holy Roman Empire (962–1556)

Otto I (962–973) Otto II (980–983) Otto III (996–1002) Arduin I (1002–1014) Henry II (1004–1024) Conrad II (1026–1039) Henry III (1039–1056) Henry IV (1056–1105) Conrad II (1093–1101) Henry V (1106–1125) Lothair III (or II) (1125–1137) Conrad III (1138–1152) Frederick I (1154–1186) Henry VI (1186–1197) Otto IV (1209–1212) Frederick II (1212–1250) Henry VII (1311–1313) Louis IV (1327–1347) Charles IV (1355–1378) Sigismund (1431–1437) Frederick III (1452–1493) Charles V (1530–1556)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 32793340 LCCN: n79035

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