HENRY ROSS PEROT (/pəˈroʊ/ ; born June 27, 1930) is an American
business magnate and former politician. In 1962, Perot founded
Electronic Data Systems, a company he sold twenty years later for
$2.4 billion. He went on to set up
Perot Systemsin 1988. An
independent presidential candidate in 1992 , he received 18.9% of the
popular vote, the highest percentage for an independent or third-party
candidate since 1912. In 1996 , he was the Reform Party 's
presidential nominee and received 8.4% of the popular vote.
* 1 Early life
* 2 Business
* 3 Political activities
* 3.1 Early political activities
* 4 Political Views
* 4.1 Abortion
* 4.2 Fiscal Policy
* 4.3 Reform Party and 1996 presidential run
* 4.4 Later activities
* 5 Personal life
* 6 Honors and achievements
* 7 Electoral history
* 8 References
* 9 Further reading
* 10 External links
Perot was born in
Texarkana, Texas, the son of Lula May Perot (née
Ray) and Gabriel Ross Perot, a commodity broker specializing in
cotton contracts. His patrilineal line traces back to an immigrant to
Louisiana, in the 1740s. He attended a private school called Patty
Hill. He graduated from
Texas High Schoolin Texarkana in 1947. One
of Perot's boyhood friends was
Hayes McClerkin, later Speaker of the
Arkansas House of Representativesand a prominent Texarkana, Arkansas
Perot joined the
Boy Scouts of America
Boy Scouts of Americaand made Eagle Scout in 1942,
after 13 months in the program. He is a recipient of the Distinguished
Eagle Scout Award .
From 1947 to 1949, he attended Texarkana Junior College, then entered
U.S. Naval Academyin 1949 and helped establish its honor system .
Perot said his appointment notice to the academy—sent by
telegram—was sent by W. Lee "Pappy" O\'Daniel , Texas's 34th
governor and former senator.
Perot married Margot Birmingham of Greensburg ,
After he left the Navy in 1957, Perot became a salesman for
quickly became a top employee (one year, he fulfilled his annual sales
quota in a mere two weeks) and tried to pitch his ideas to
supervisors, who largely ignored him. He left
IBMin 1962 to found
Electronic Data Systems(EDS) in
Texas, and courted large
corporations for his data processing services. Perot was refused 77
times before he was given his first contract. EDS received lucrative
contracts from the U.S. government in the 1960s, computerizing
Medicare records. EDS went public in 1968 and the stock price rose
from $16 a share to $160 within days. _Fortune _ called Perot the
"fastest, richest Texan" in a 1968 cover story. In 1984 General
Motors bought controlling interest in EDS for $2.4 billion.
In 1974, Perot gained some press attention for being "the biggest
individual loser ever on the
New York Stock Exchange
New York Stock Exchange" when his EDS
shares dropped $450 million in value in a single day in April 1970.
Just prior to the 1979
Iranian Revolution, the government of Iran
imprisoned two EDS employees in a contract dispute. Perot organized
and sponsored their rescue. The rescue team was led by retired U.S.
Arthur D. "Bull" Simons. When the team
was unable to find a way to extract their two prisoners, they decided
to wait for a mob of pro-Ayatollah revolutionaries to storm the jail
and free all 10,000 inmates, many of whom were political prisoners.
The two prisoners then connected with the rescue team, and the team
spirited them out of
Iranvia a risky border crossing into
The exploit was recounted in a book, _
On Wings of Eagles_ by Ken
Follett , which became a best-seller. In the 1986 miniseries , Perot
was portrayed by
In 1984, Perot bought a very early copy of
Magna Carta, one of only
a few to leave the
United Kingdom. It was lent to the National
Washington, DC, where it was displayed alongside the
Declaration of Independence and the
United StatesConstitution . In
2007, it was sold by the Perot Foundation, to provide "for medical
research, for improving public education and for assisting wounded
soldiers and their families." The document sold for US$ 21.3 million
on December 18, 2007, to
David Rubenstein, managing director of the
Carlyle Group, and is kept on display at the National Archives.
Steve Jobslost the original power struggle at Apple and left
NeXT, his angel investor was Perot, who invested over $20
million. Perot believed in Jobs and did not want to miss out, as he
had with his chance to invest in
Bill Gates's fledgling
In 1988, he founded
Perot SystemsCorporation, Inc. in Plano,
Ross Perot Jr., eventually succeeded him as CEO. In
Perot Systemswas acquired by Dell for $3.9 billion.
EARLY POLITICAL ACTIVITIES
Perot became heavily involved in the
Vietnam War POW/MIA issue. He
believed that hundreds of American servicemen were left behind in
Southeast Asia at the end of the U.S. involvement in the war, and
that government officials were covering up POW/MIA investigations to
avoid revealing a drug-smuggling operation used to finance a secret
Laos. Perot engaged in unauthorized back-channel discussions
with Vietnamese officials in the late 1980s, which led to fractured
relations between Perot and the Reagan and George H. W. Bush
administrations. In 1990, Perot reached agreement with Vietnam's
Foreign Ministry to become its business agent in the event that
diplomatic relations were normalized. Perot also launched private
investigations of, and attacks upon, U.S. Department of Defense
official Richard Armitage . Perot standing next to a portrait
George Washingtonat his office in 1986
Floridain 1990, retired financial planner Jack Gargan funded a
series of "I'm mad as hell and I'm not going to take it anymore" (a
reference to a famous quotation from the 1976 political and mass media
satire movie, _Network _) newspaper advertisements denouncing the U.S.
Congress for voting for legislative pay raises at a time when average
wages nationwide were not increasing. Gargan later founded "Throw the
Hypocritical Rascals Out" (THRO), which
Maya Lin, architect of the
Vietnam Veterans Memorial, received
harassment from Perot after her race was revealed; he was known to
have called her an "egg roll" after it was revealed that she was
Perot did not support President George H. W. Bush, and vigorously
opposed the United States' involvement in the 1990–1991 Persian Gulf
War . He unsuccessfully urged Senators to vote against the war
resolution, and began to consider his own presidential run.
During Perot's political campaigns, he has been reluctant to speak
about social issues, as he is seen as socially liberal and usually
focused on his fiscal policies to keep support during his campaigns.
He has supported abortion, supports gay rights, is in favor of
stricter gun rights and increased AIDS research.
In 1992, Perot stated he supports abortion, and he has been a
pro-choice activist having ties to the abortion industry; however,
since 2000, he has been pro-choice only reluctantly.
Perot believes tax should be increased on the wealthy, whilst
spending should be cut to help pay off the national debt. Perot also
believes capital gains tax should be increased, instead giving tax
breaks to those starting new businesses instead of those 'just
shooting dice on Wall Street' and states in his book 'Not For Sale at
Any Price': "We cut the capital gains tax rate from a maximum rate of
35% to a maximum rate that got as low as 20% during the 1980s. Who got
the benefit? The rich did, of course, because that's who owns most of
the capital assets." Main article:
Ross Perotpresidential campaign,
1992 Perot in 1986
On February 20, 1992, he appeared on
Larry King Live
Larry King Live_ and
announced his intention to run as an independent if his supporters
could get his name on the ballot in all 50 states. With such declared
policies as balancing the federal budget , opposition to gun control,
ending the outsourcing of jobs and enacting electronic direct
democracy via "electronic town halls ", he became a potential
candidate and soon polled roughly even with the two major party
Perot's candidacy received increasing media attention when the
competitive phase of the primary season ended for the two major
parties. With the insurgent candidacies of Republican
Jerry Brownwinding down, Perot was the natural beneficiary
of populist resentment toward establishment politicians. On May 25,
1992, he was featured on the cover of _Time _ with the title "Waiting
for Perot", an allusion to
Samuel Beckett's play _Waiting for Godot
Several months before the Democratic and Republican conventions,
Perot filled the vacuum of election news, as his supporters began
petition drives to get him on the ballot in all 50 states. This sense
of momentum was reinforced when Perot employed two savvy campaign
managers in Democrat
Hamilton Jordanand Republican
Ed Rollins. In
July, while Perot was pondering whether to run for office, his
supporters established a campaign organization United We Stand America
. Perot was late in making formal policy proposals, but most of what
he did call for were intended to reduce the deficit, such as a
gasoline tax increase and cutbacks to Social Security .
In June, Perot led a Gallup poll with 39% of the vote. By mid-July,
Washington Post_ reported that Perot's campaign managers were
becoming increasingly disillusioned by his unwillingness to follow
their advice to be more specific on issues, and his need to be in
full control of operations with such tactics as forcing volunteers to
sign loyalty oaths . Perot's poll numbers began to slip to 25%, and
his advisers warned that if he continued to ignore them, he would fall
into single digits. Co-manager
Hamilton Jordanthreatened to quit, and
on July 15,
Ed Rollinsresigned after Perot fired advertisement
specialist Hal Riney, who worked with Rollins on the Reagan campaign.
Rollins would later claim that a member of the campaign accused him of
being a Bush plant with ties to the
CIA. Amid the chaos, Perot's
support fell to 20%. The next day, Perot announced on _Larry King
Live_ that he would not seek the presidency. He explained that he did
not want the House of Representatives to decide the election if the
result caused the electoral college to be split. Perot eventually
stated the reason was that he received threats that digitally altered
photographs would be released by the Bush campaign to sabotage his
daughter's wedding. Whatever his reasons for withdrawing, his
reputation was badly damaged. Many of his supporters felt betrayed and
public opinion polls subsequently showed a large negative view of
Perot that was absent prior to his decision to end the campaign.
In September, he qualified for all 50 state ballots. On October 1, he
announced his intention to re-enter the presidential race. He said
that Republican operatives had wanted to reveal compromising
photographs of his daughter, which would disrupt her wedding, and he
wanted to spare her from embarrassment. He campaigned in 16 states and
spent an estimated $12.3 million of his own money. Perot employed the
innovative strategy of purchasing half-hour blocks of time on major
networks for infomercial -type campaign advertisements; this
advertising garnered more viewership than many sitcoms, with one
Friday night program in October attracting 10.5 million viewers.
Perot's running mate was retired Vice Admiral
James Stockdale, a
highly decorated former Vietnam prisoner of war (POW). In December
1969, Perot organized and flew to North Vietnam in an attempt to
deliver 30 tons of supplies to beleaguered American POWs in North
Vietnam. Although North Vietnam blocked the flights, the effort was
instrumental in bringing the plight of those POWs to the world's
attention and their captors soon began treating them better.
At one point in June, Perot led the polls with 39% (versus 31% for
Bush and 25% for Clinton). Just prior to the debates, Perot received
7–9% support in nationwide polls. The debates likely played a
significant role in his ultimate receipt of 19% of the popular vote.
Although his answers during the debates were often general, many
Democrats and Republicans conceded that Perot won at least the first
debate. In the debate, he remarked:
Keep in mind our Constitution predates the
Our founders did not know about electricity, the train, telephones,
radio, television, automobiles, airplanes, rockets, nuclear weapons,
satellites, or space exploration. There's a lot they didn't know
about. It would be interesting to see what kind of document they'd
draft today. Just keeping it frozen in time won't hack it.
Perot denounced Congress for its inaction in his speech at the
National Press Club in Washington, DC, on March 18, 1992. Perot said:
This city has become a town filled with sound bites , shell games ,
handlers, media stuntmen who posture, create images, talk, shoot off
Roman candles , but don't ever accomplish anything. We need deeds, not
words, in this city.
In the 1992 election , he received 18.9% of the popular vote, about
19,741,065 votes (but no electoral college votes), making him the most
successful third-party presidential candidate in terms of the popular
Theodore Rooseveltin the 1912 election . Unlike Perot,
however, some other third party candidates since Roosevelt have won
electoral college votes. (Robert La Follette had 13 in 1924, Strom
Thurmond had 39 in 1948,
George Wallacehad 46 in 1968 and John
Hospers won one in 1972, albeit from a faithless elector ). Compared
with Thurmond and Wallace, who polled very strongly in a small number
of states, Perot's vote was more evenly spread across the country.
Perot managed to finish second in two states: In
received 30.44% of the vote to Bush's 30.39% (Clinton won
Utah, Perot received 27.34% of the vote to Clinton's
24.65% (Bush won
Utahwith 43.36%). Although Perot won no state, he
received the most votes in some counties, including Trinity County,
A detailed analysis of voting demographics revealed that Perot's
support drew heavily from across the political spectrum, with 20% of
his votes coming from self-described liberals , 27% from
self-described conservatives , and 53% coming from self-described
moderates . Economically, however, the majority of Perot voters (57%)
were middle class, earning between $15,000 and $49,000 annually, with
the bulk of the remainder drawing from the upper middle class (29%
earning more than $50,000 annually). Exit polls also showed that Ross
Perot drew 38% of his vote from Bush, and 38% of his vote from
Clinton, though it's generally considered that he aided Clinton in
Based on his performance in the popular vote in 1992, Perot was
entitled to receive federal election funding for 1996. Perot remained
in the public eye after the election and championed opposition to the
North American Free Trade Agreement
North American Free Trade Agreement(NAFTA), urging voters to listen
for the "giant sucking sound " of American jobs heading south to
Mexicoshould NAFTA be ratified.
REFORM PARTY AND 1996 PRESIDENTIAL RUN
Perot tried to keep his movement alive through the mid-1990s,
continuing to speak about the increasing national debt. He was a
prominent campaigner against the NAFTA, and even debated with then
Al Goreon the issue on _Larry King Live_. Perot's
behavior during the debate was a source of mirth thereafter, including
his repeated pleas to "let me finish" in his southern drawl. The
debate was seen by many as effectively ending Perot’s political
career. Support for NAFTA went from 34% to 57%.
In 1995, he founded the Reform Party and won their presidential
nomination for the 1996 election . His vice presidential running mate
Pat Choate. Because of the ballot access laws, he had to run as
an Independent on many state ballots. Perot received 8% of the popular
vote in 1996, much less than in the 1992 race, but still an unusually
successful third-party showing by U.S. standards. He spent much less
of his own money in this race than he had four years before, and also
allowed other people to contribute to his campaign, unlike his prior
race. One common explanation for the decline was Perot's exclusion
from the presidential debates , based on the preferences of the
Democratic and Republican party candidates. Jamin B. Raskin of _Open
Debates_ filed a lawsuit on Perot's behalf on this assumption.
Perot attending the
2009 EagleBank Bowlin
Later in the 1990s, Perot's detractors accused him of not allowing
the Reform Party to develop into a genuine national political party,
but rather using it as a vehicle to promote himself. They cited as
evidence the control of party offices by operatives from his
presidential campaigns. Perot did not give an endorsement during Jesse
Ventura 's run for governor of Minnesota in the 1998 election, and
this became suspicious to detractors when he made fun of Ventura at a
conference after Ventura had a falling out with the press. The party
leadership grew in tighter opposition to groups supporting Ventura and
Jack Gargan. Evidence of this was demonstrated when Gargan was
officially removed as Reform Party chairman by the Reform Party
In the 2000 presidential election , Perot refused to become openly
involved with the internal Reform Party dispute between supporters of
John Hagelin. Perot was reportedly unhappy with what
he saw as the disintegration of the party, as well as his own
portrayal in the press; thus, he chose to remain quiet. He appeared on
_Larry King Live_ four days before the election and endorsed George W.
Bush for president. Despite his earlier opposition to NAFTA, Perot
remained largely silent about expanded use of guest-worker visas in
the United States, with Buchanan supporters attributing this silence
to his corporate reliance on foreign workers. Some state parties
affiliated with the new (Buchananite) America First Party . Perot
speaking in 2006
Since then, Perot has been largely silent on political issues,
refusing to answer most questions from the press. When interviewed, he
usually remains on the subject of his business career and refuses to
answer specific questions on politics, candidates, or his past
One exception to this came in 2005, when he was asked to testify
TexasLegislature in support of proposals to extend
technology to students, including making laptops available to them. He
also supported changing the process of buying textbooks by making
e-books available and by allowing schools to buy books at the local
level instead of going through the state. In an April 2005 interview,
Perot expressed concern about the state of progress on issues that he
had raised in his presidential runs.
Two further exceptions came with his endorsements in the 2008 and
2012 elections. In January 2008, Perot publicly came out against
John McCainand endorsed
president. He also announced that he would soon be launching a new
website with updated economic graphs and charts. In June 2008, this
blog launched, focusing on entitlements (Medicare, Medicaid, Social
Security), the U.S. national debt, and related issues. In 2012, Perot
endorsed Romney for president again. Perot did not give any
endorsements for the 2016 election .
Perot and his wife Margot (née Birmingham) have five children (Ross
Jr. , Nancy, Suzanne, Carolyn, and Katherine). As of 2012 , the Perots
had 16 grandchildren.
With an estimated net worth of about US$4.1 billion in 2015, he is
ranked by _
Forbes_ as the 129th-richest person in the
HONORS AND ACHIEVEMENTS
* In 1986, Perot received the S. Roger Horchow Award for Greatest
Public Service by a Private Citizen, an award given out annually by
Jefferson Awards .
* On April 22, 2009,
Ross Perotwas made an honorary Green Beret at
John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
SpecialWarfare Center at Fort Bragg, North
* Perot was inducted into the Junior Achievement U.S. Business Hall
of Fame in 1988.
* On September 18, 2009, the Texarkana Independent School District
named him (1947 graduate of
Texas High School) as a 2009
* In May 2009, he was appointed an honorary chairman of the OSS
* On October 15, 2009, the U.S. Military Academy at West Point
awarded him with the distinguished
Sylvanus Thayer Award.
* In honor of Perot's 80th birthday, the bridge connecting Walton
and University drives in Texarkana, Texas, was named the H. Ross Perot
* On April 20, 2010, in Kansas City, Perot was presented with the
Distinguished Leadership Award from the Command and General Staff
College Foundation, Inc., Fort Leavenworth, KS
* On October 2, 2010, Perot was given the
William J. Donovan
William J. DonovanAward
from the OSS Society at the Mandarin Oriental Hotel in Washington,
D.C. He is the 26th recipient of the award.
* In September 2011, Perot accepted the Army Heritage Center
Foundation 's Boots on the Ground Award.
* On October 28, 2011, the Museum of Nature -webkit-column-width:
30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: decimal;">
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original on July 18, 2009. Retrieved February 18, 2014.
* ^ "
Texarkana Independent School DistrictNames H.
2009 Distinguished Alumni" (PDF). Texarkana Independent School
District. September 17, 2009. Retrieved October 6, 2012.
* ^ Furlong, Tom (June 10, 1992). "Perot as Hometown Hero: Just
Don\'t Get in His Way". articles.latimes.com. Retrieved June 26, 2010.
* ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Townley, Alvin (December 26, 2006). _Legacy of
Honor: The Values and Influence of America\'s Eagle Scouts_. New York:
St. Martin's Press. pp. 89–100, 108, 187, 194, 249, 260, 265. ISBN
0-312-36653-1 . Retrieved December 29, 2006.
* ^ Ray, Mark (2007). "What It Means to Be an Eagle Scout".
_Scouting Magazine_. Boy Scouts of America. Retrieved January 5, 2007.
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Ross PerotGives $1 Million to Texarkana
College". Retrieved April 7, 2012.
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9781895997231 . Retrieved December 27, 2015.
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Magna CartaIs Going on the Auction Block, _The New York Times
_ September 25, 2007
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Senators Seem Headed for a Fight on P.O.W.\'s-M.I.A.\'s". _The New
York Times _. Retrieved January 5, 2008.
* ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ George J. Church (June 29, 1992). "The Other Side
of Perot". _Time _. Retrieved January 24, 2008.
* ^ Patrick E. Tyler (June 5, 1992). "Perot to Testify in Senate on
Americans Missing in Southeast Asia". _
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* ^ THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Overview; PEROT SAYS HE QUIT IN JULY TO
THWART G.O.P. \'DIRTY TRICKS\', Richard L. Berke, _The New York Times
_, October 26, 1992
* ^ THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Ross Perot; Perot Says He May Rejoin Race To
Publicize His Economic Plan, Richard L. Berke, _
The New York Times
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September 19, 1992
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Ross Perotwill be
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* Thomas M. Defrank, et al. _Quest for the Presidency, 1992_. Texas
A text of the book published by Perot in 1992 to mark the launch of
his presidential campaign, complete with charts. The text is hosted by
the site of the organization he created that year _United We Stand
America_, as saved by _The Internet Archive_.
* Appearances on
* _Booknotes_ interview with Carolyn Barta on _Perot and His People:
Disrupting the Balance of Political Power_, January 16, 1994.
* "Ross Perot, Presidential Contender" from
PARTY POLITICAL OFFICES
REFORM NOMINEE FOR PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES
1996 Succeeded by
United StatesReform Party Presidential nominees
* De La Fuente
Notable third party performances in
PRESIDENTIAL (SINCE 1832)
SENATORIAL (SINCE 1990)
* Virginia 1990
* Alaska 1992
* Arizona 1992
* Hawaii 1992
* Louisiana 1992
* Ohio 1992
* Arizona 1994
* Minnesota 1994
* Ohio 1994
* Vermont 1994
* Virginia 1994
* Alaska 1996
* Minnesota 1996
* Arizona 2000
* Massachusetts 2000
* Minnesota 2000
* Alaska 2002
* Kansas 2002
* Massachusetts 2002
* Mississippi 2002
* Oklahoma 2002
* Virginia 2002
* Oklahoma 2004
* CONNECTICUT 2006
* Indiana 2006
* VERMONT 2006
* Arkansas 2008
* Idaho 2008
* Minnesota 2008
* Oregon 2008
* ALASKA 2010 (REPUBLICAN WRITE-IN)
* Indiana 2010
* South Carolina 2010
* Indiana 2012
* MAINE 2012
* Maryland 2012
* Missouri 2012
* Montana 2012
* VERMONT 2012
* Kansas 2014
* South Dakota 2014
* Wyoming 2014
* Alaska 2016
* Arizona 2016
* Idaho 2016
* Indiana 2016
* Kansas 2016
GUBERNATORIAL (SINCE 1990)
* ALASKA 1990
* CONNECTICUT 1990
* Kansas 1990
* New York 1990
* Oklahoma 1990
* Oregon 1990
* West Virginia 1992
* Alaska 1994
* Connecticut 1994
* Hawaii 1994
* MAINE 1994
* Oklahoma 1994
* Rhode Island 1994
* Vermont 1994
* Alaska 1998
* MAINE 1998
* MINNESOTA 1998
* New York 1998
* Rhode Island 1998
* Kentucky 1999
* New Hampshire 2000
* Vermont 2000
* Arizona 2002
* California 2002
* Minnesota 2002
* New York 2002
* Oklahoma 2002
* Wisconsin 2002
* Alaska 2006
* Illinois 2006
* Massachusetts 2006
* Minnesota 2006
* Louisiana 2007
* Vermont 2008
* New Jersey 2009
* Colorado 2010
* Idaho 2010
* Massachusetts 2010
* Minnesota 2010
* RHODE ISLAND 2010
* Wyoming 2010
* Kentucky 2011
* Virginia 2013
* ALASKA 2014
* Hawaii 2014
* Rhode Island 2014
* Wyoming 2014
* West Virginia 2016
Third party (United States)
* Third party officeholders in the
* Third party
United StatesHouse of Representatives
(1988 ← )
United Statespresidential election, 1992 (→ 1996 )
DEMOCRATIC PARTY _CONVENTION _ _PRIMARIES _
Bill Clinton(campaign )
* VP NOMINEE
* Charles Woods
REPUBLICAN PARTY _CONVENTION _ _PRIMARIES _
George H. W. Bush
George H. W. Bush
* VP NOMINEE
Ross Perot(campaign )
* VP CANDIDATE
OTHER INDEPENDENT AND THIRD PARTY CANDIDATES
LIBERTARIAN PARTY _CONVENTION _
Nominee ANDRE MARROU VP nominee NANCY LORD
NATURAL LAW PARTY
Nominee JOHN HAGELIN VP nominee MIKE TOMPKINS
NEW ALLIANCE PARTY
Nominee LENORA FULANI VP nominee MARIA ELIZABETH MUñOZ
Nominee EARL DODGE VP nominee GEORGE ORMSBY
SOCIALIST PARTY USA
Nominee J. QUINN BRISBEN VP nominee BARBARA GARSON
SOCIALIST WORKERS PARTY
Nominee JAMES WARREN VP nominee WILLIE MAE REID
U.S. TAXPAYERS PARTY _CONVENTION _
Nominee HOWARD PHILLIPS VP nominee ALBION W. KNIGHT, JR.
WORKERS WORLD PARTY
Nominee GLORIA LA RIVA VP nominee LARRY HOLMES
INDEPENDENTS AND OTHER CANDIDATES
RONALD DANIELS (Running mate: ASIBA TUPAHACHE ) BO GRITZ
Other 1992 elections House Senate Gubernatorial
State results of the 1992 U.S. presidential election
* District of Columbia
* New Hampshire
* New Jersey
* New York
* North Carolina
* North Dakota
* Rhode Island
* South Carolina
* South Dakota
* West Virginia
(1992 ← )
United Statespresidential election, 1996 (→ 2000 )
* Convention _
* VP NOMINEE
James D. Griffin
* _Convention _
* VP NOMINEE
Charles E. Collins