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The ROSS DEPENDENCY is a region of Antarctica
Antarctica
defined by a sector originating at the South Pole
South Pole
, passing along longitudes 160° east to 150° west , and terminating at latitude 60° south . It is claimed by New Zealand
New Zealand
. Since the Antarctic Treaty
Antarctic Treaty
came into force in 1961, Article IV of which states: "No acts or activities taking place while the present Treaty is in force shall constitute a basis for asserting, supporting or denying a claim to territorial sovereignty in Antarctica or create any rights of sovereignty in Antarctica," most countries do not recognise territorial claims in Antarctica.

The Dependency takes its name from Sir James Clark Ross
James Clark Ross
, who discovered the Ross Sea , and includes part of Victoria Land
Victoria Land
, and most of the Ross Ice Shelf . Ross Island
Ross Island
, Balleny Islands and the small Scott Island also form part of the Dependency, as does the ice-covered Roosevelt Island .

CONTENTS

* 1 History of claim * 2 Geography and habitation * 3 Other events * 4 Postage stamps * 5 Notes * 6 See also * 7 External links

HISTORY OF CLAIM

Following his discovery of Victoria Land
Victoria Land
in 1841, James Clark Ross took possession of this territory, along with the surrounding sea, on behalf of Britain . On 30 July 1923, the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
government passed an Order in Council under the British Settlements Act 1887, which defined the current borders of the Ross Dependency
Ross Dependency
as follows: "From and after the publication of this Order in the Government Gazette of the Dominion
Dominion
of New Zealand
New Zealand
that part of His Majesty's Dominions in the Antarctic Seas, which comprises all the islands and territories between the 160th degree of East Longitude and the 150th degree of West Longitude which are situated south of the 60th degree of South Latitude shall be named the Ross Dependency."

The Order in Council then went on to appoint the Governor-General and Commander-in-Chief of New Zealand
New Zealand
as the Governor of the territory. This Order in Council was published in the New Zealand
New Zealand
Gazette on 16 August 1923, and on 14 November 1923, the Governor-General issued regulations extending New Zealand
New Zealand
law to the Ross Dependency.

After the Order in Council was read in the New Zealand
New Zealand
House of Representatives by the Prime Minister of New Zealand
New Zealand
William Massey
William Massey
, a clarification was made by the Attorney-General Sir Francis Bell in the legislative council . Sir Francis stated that: "The boundaries of New Zealand
New Zealand
are not extended to include the Ross sea and adjacent lands. His Majesty's delegation to the Governor-General of New Zealand did not confer upon the government or parliament of New Zealand
New Zealand
the same powers as were vested by the Constitution Act in respect of the Dominion
Dominion
itself. It might be assumed that in the administration of the Ross Dependency
Ross Dependency
that he would invite advice from his New Zealand ministers and it was certain that details would be entrusted to the New Zealand
New Zealand
government. But his excellency was required in all matters of legislation and regulation for the Ross Territory to comply with instructions from the colonial secretary . There was no reason to believe that the Colonial Office would give such instructions without prior consultation with the Government of the Dominion, but the part which the New Zealand
New Zealand
Government had agreed to take in enabling His Majesty to exercise jurisdiction in and over the Ross Territory must be taken on behalf of the Empire as a whole and not specially in the interests of New Zealand."

It has been said that the Order in Council contained no suggestion of a transfer to New Zealand
New Zealand
of the United Kingdom's claim, but the fact remains that the territory is administered by the Government of New Zealand. Technically, the claim is that of the Queen and she can exercise it through any of her Governments.

At an Imperial conference in 1930, it was agreed that the Governors-General of the Dominions would be appointed by the King on the advice of the Dominion
Dominion
in question. And following the passing of the Statute of Westminster in 1931 (which was adopted in full by New Zealand in 1947), the government of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
relinquished all control over the government of New Zealand. This however had no bearing on the obligations of the Governor-General of New Zealand
New Zealand
in his capacity as Governor of the Ross Dependency
Ross Dependency
on the appointment of Her Majesty's Government in the United Kingdom. Then in the year 1959, the Antarctic Treaty
Antarctic Treaty
was signed by twelve nations which included both the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and New Zealand.

GEOGRAPHY AND HABITATION

Aerial photo of Mount Erebus on Ross Island
Ross Island

The actual amount of land mass claimed is not large; most of the area defined as being in the Ross Dependency
Ross Dependency
is either in the Ross Sea or the Antarctic Ocean . It is the second-smallest of the claims which were made prior to the implementation of the Antarctic Treaty
Antarctic Treaty
System and the suspension of all territorial claims to Antarctica
Antarctica
proper. Officers of the Government of the Ross Dependency
Ross Dependency
are annually appointed to run the Dependency. The New Zealand
New Zealand
Geographic Board has named many features within the Dependency.

The scientific bases of Scott Base (New Zealand), McMurdo Station (USA) and Mario Zucchelli Station (Italy) are the only permanently occupied human habitations in the area, though Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station (USA) is partially within the territory and dependent on logistics operations based in New Zealand. The Dependency has a snow runway at Williams Field , and depending on conditions and time of year, two ice runways . This guarantees accessibility by wheeled and ski equipped aircraft year round.

From 1969 to 1995 New Zealand
New Zealand
op