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1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Imperial City of Rosheim
Reichsstadt Rosheim (de)
Ville libre impériale de Rosheim (fr)
Free Imperial City of the Holy Roman Empire
1303–1679
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Capital Rosheim
Government Republic
Historical era Middle Ages
 •  First mentioned 778
 •  Imperial immediacy 1303
 •  Foundation of
    the Décapole

1354
 •  Awarded to France 1648
 •  Abolition of Décapole
    and of Rosheimer
    independence
1679
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Duchy of Swabia
Early modern France

Rosheim is a commune in the Bas-Rhin department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.

It lies 25 km (16 mi) southwest of Strasbourg, on the eastern slopes of the Vosges mountains. It is a winemaking town on the tourist "Road of the Wines of Alsace" and the Route Romane d'Alsace ("Romanesque route of Alsace").

Geography

Distance from Paris 450 km, Strasbourg 25 km, Obernai 7 km, Molsheim 7 km.

History

From the 14th to 17th centuries, Rosheim was an Imperial City of the Holy Roman Empire, and founded the Décapole confederation with nine other Alsatian Imperial Cities in 1354. Like the other Decapolitan cities, it was awarded to France by the Peace of Westphalia and finally lost its independence under the Treaties of Nijmegen.

Sights

  • Church Saint-Pierre-et-Paul (building 12th century, tower 14th century, organ 18th century)
  • Church Saint-Etienne (18th century, belltower 12th century)
  • Maison païenne (“pagan house”, 12th century)
  • City Hall (18th century)
  • Old well (Puits aux six seaux) (17th century)
  • Four fortified tower-gates (13th and 14th century)
  • Half-timbered houses (16th century)

Notable people

See also

References

External links