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Rosh Yeshiva
Yeshiva
(Hebrew: ראש ישיבה‬; pl. Heb. rashei yeshiva; pl. Yeshivish: rosh yeshivahs) is the title given to the dean of a Talmudical academy (yeshiva). It is a compound word of the Hebrew words rosh ("head") and yeshiva (a school of religious Jewish education). The rosh yeshiva is required to have a comprehensive knowledge of the Talmud
Talmud
and the ability to analyse and present new perspectives, called chidushim (novellae) verbally and often in print.

Contents

1 Role 2 History 3 General role 4 Rosh yeshiva dynasties 5 Famous rosh yeshivas 6 Current rosh yeshivas 7 Role 8 Role of mashgiach ruchani 9 References

Role[edit] The primary role of the rosh yeshiva is not simply to be the dean, but is generally to say the highest-level lecture in the yeshiva, which is usually a program of at least two years. Students who have studied in a yeshiva are generally known as "students of the rosh yeshiva", as his lecture is the one in which they usually attain their method of Talmudic analysis and critical reasoning, and this method is based on the particular style of that rosh yeshiva. In addition, since yeshivas play a central role in the life of certain communities within Orthodox Judaism, the position of rosh yeshiva is more than just his position within the yeshiva. A rosh yeshiva is often seen as a pillar of leadership in extended communities. In Hasidic Judaism, the role of rosh yeshiva is secondary to the rebbe, who is head of the Hasidic dynasty that controls it. In many Hasidic groups, the rosh yeshiva of a school will be the son or son-in-law of the rebbe, the assumed heir of the rebbe. However, the role that yeshivohs have within Hasidic communities is not nearly as important as it is in Lithuanian Jewish (Litvishe) communities. Hasidic students usually get married at the age of 18, which – in most cases – is the end of their yeshiva education, while students in the Lithuanian Jewish communities continue to study, at a minimum till they get married starting at age 23, and the vast majority continue their studies after marriage. As a result, the role that a rosh yeshiva plays in Lithuanian Jewish communities is much more important than in the Hasidic ones. History[edit] Yeshivas continue the scholarly traditions of the sages of the Mishnah and Talmud
Talmud
who often headed academies with hundreds of students. In the Talmudic academies in Babylonia, the rosh yeshiva was referred to as the reish metivta ("head of the academy" in Aramaic) and had the title of gaon. General role[edit] The general role of the rosh yeshiva is to oversee the Talmudic studies and practical matters. The rosh yeshiva will give the highest shiur (class). He is also the one to decide whether to grant permission for students to undertake classes for rabbinical ordination, known as semicha. Rosh yeshiva dynasties[edit] Depending on the size of the yeshiva, there may be several rosh yeshivas, sometimes from one extended family. There are familial dynasties of rosh yeshivas, for example the Soloveitchik, Finkel, Feinstein, Kotler and Kook families, which head many yeshivas in the United States
United States
and Israel. Famous rosh yeshivas[edit] Prior to the Holocaust, most of the large yeshivas were based in Eastern Europe. Presently, the majority of the world's yeshivas and their rosh yeshivas are located in the United States
United States
and Israel. The following is a list of some famous rosh yeshivas:

Rabbi
Rabbi
Yaakov Ades Rabbi
Rabbi
Ezra Attiya Rabbi
Rabbi
Chaim Yehuda Leib Auerbach Rabbi
Rabbi
Shlomo Zalman Auerbach Rabbi
Rabbi
Leib Bakst Rabbi
Rabbi
Naftali Zvi Yehuda Berlin Rabbi
Rabbi
Avraham Yitzchak Bloch Rabbi
Rabbi
Moshe Mordechai Epstein Rabbi
Rabbi
Moshe Feinstein Rabbi
Rabbi
Eliezer Yehuda Finkel Rabbi
Rabbi
Nosson Tzvi Finkel Rabbi
Rabbi
Chaim Flom Rabbi
Rabbi
Mordechai Gifter Rabbi
Rabbi
Refael Reuvain Grozovsky Rabbi
Rabbi
Chaim Yaakov Goldvicht Rabbi
Rabbi
Eliezer Gordon Rabbi
Rabbi
Nachman Shlomo Greenspan Rabbi
Rabbi
Shlomo Heiman Rabbi
Rabbi
Yitzchok Hutner Rabbi
Rabbi
Yisrael Meir Kagan Rabbi
Rabbi
Yaakov Kamenetsky Rabbi
Rabbi
Abraham Isaac Kook Rabbi
Rabbi
Zvi Yehuda Kook Rabbi
Rabbi
Aharon Kotler Rabbi
Rabbi
Shneur Kotler Rabbi
Rabbi
Boruch Ber Leibowitz Rabbi
Rabbi
Aharon Lichtenstein Rabbi
Rabbi
Dov Linzer Rabbi
Rabbi
Eliezer Melamed Rabbi
Rabbi
Isser Zalman Meltzer Rabbi
Rabbi
Avigdor Nebenzahl Rabbi
Rabbi
Avraham Yaakov Pam Rabbi
Rabbi
Shmuel Rozovsky Rabbi
Rabbi
Yaakov Yitzchok Ruderman Rabbi
Rabbi
Yisroel Salanter Rabbi
Rabbi
Yechezkel Sarna Rabbi
Rabbi
Hershel Schachter Rabbi
Rabbi
Aaron Schechter Rabbi
Rabbi
Gedalia Schorr Rabbi
Rabbi
Elazar Shach Rabbi
Rabbi
Moshe Shmuel Shapira Rabbi
Rabbi
Meir Shapiro Rabbi
Rabbi
Naftoli Shapiro Rabbi
Rabbi
Shimon Shkop Rabbi
Rabbi
Chaim Shmuelevitz Rabbi
Rabbi
Joseph B. Soloveitchik Rabbi
Rabbi
Adin Steinsaltz Rabbi
Rabbi
Aaron Teitelbaum Rabbi
Rabbi
Naftoli Trop Rabbi
Rabbi
Chaim Volozhin Rabbi
Rabbi
Elchonon Wasserman Rabbi
Rabbi
Yechiel Yaakov Weinberg Rabbi
Rabbi
Ezra Schochet

Current rosh yeshivas[edit] Main article: List of rosh yeshivas Role[edit] Main article: Rosh mesivta The title Rosh mesivta (alt. Rosh metivta),[1] has a long history, going back many centuries.[2] The role is comparable to a dean in a university.[3] Role of mashgiach ruchani[edit] Main article: Mashgiach ruchani The personal and ethical development of the students in the yeshiva is usually covered by a different personality, known as the mashgiach or spiritual supervisor. This concept, introduced by the Mussar movement in the 19th century, led to perfection of character as one of the aims of attending a yeshiva. One typical and influential mashgiach was Rabbi
Rabbi
Eliyahu Eliezer Dessler. References[edit]

^ "He was previously RAM (Rosh Metivta) at ..." "The Pardes Kollel Experience - These and Those". February 3, 2014.  ^ Mattis Kantor (2005). Codex Judaica: Chronological Index of Jewish History. ISBN 0967037832.  ^ ".. ROSH MESIVTA: the dean of a MESIVTA." Barukh ben David Lev (2003). There is No Such Thing as Coincidence, And Other Stories. ISBN 1583306153. 

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