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Coordinates : 31°24′N 30°25′E / 31.400°N 30.417°E / 31.400; 30.417

Rosetta رشيد Rashid

Rosetta
Rosetta

Rosetta
Rosetta
Location in Egypt

Coordinates: 31°24′16″N 30°24′59″E / 31.40444°N 30.41639°E / 31.40444; 30.41639

COUNTRY Egypt
Egypt

GOVERNORATE Beheira

POPULATION (1996)

• TOTAL 58,432

TIME ZONE EET ( UTC+2
UTC+2
)

• SUMMER (DST ) EEST ( UTC+3
UTC+3
)

ROSETTA (/roʊˈzɛtə/ ; Arabic : رشيد‎‎ Rašīd IPA: ; French : Rosette ) is a port city of the Nile Delta
Nile Delta
, located 65 km (40 mi) east of Alexandria
Alexandria
, in Egypt
Egypt
's Beheira governorate .

Founded around in the 9th century, Rosetta
Rosetta
boomed with the decline of Alexandria
Alexandria
following the Ottoman conquest of Egypt
Egypt
in 1517, only to wane in importance after Alexandria's revival. During the 19th century, it was a popular British tourist destination, known for its charming Ottoman mansions, citrus groves and comparative cleanliness.

CONTENTS

* 1 Etymology * 2 History * 3 Climate * 4 Population * 5 Gallery

* 6 References

* 6.1 Bibliography * 6.2 Notes

* 7 External links

ETYMOLOGY

Both the Arabic name Rašīd (meaning "guide") and the western name Rosetta
Rosetta
or Rosette ("little rose" in Italian and French respectively) are corruptions (or folk etymologies ) of a Coptic toponym, Trashit. Rosetta
Rosetta
or Rosette was the name used by the French at the time of Napoleon Bonaparte
Napoleon Bonaparte
's campaign in Egypt
Egypt
and thus became eponymous of the Rosetta Stone
Rosetta Stone
(French : Pierre de Rosette), which was found by French soldiers at the nearby Fort Julien in 1799.

HISTORY

The site of Rosetta
Rosetta
was inhabited throughout the history of Ancient Egypt
Egypt
, then known as Khito, a hieratic word meaning "the populace", under Menes
Menes
reign. In the Ptolemaic era , the town was renamed to Bolbitine (Bolbitinum, Bolbitinon, the name of one of the seven mouths of the Nile in Herodotus
Herodotus
). In Christian Egypt
Egypt
, the town was again known by the vernacular (Coptic) name, now in the form (t-)Rashit/Rakhit/Rexi In the 850s, the Abbassid caliph ordered a fort to be built on the site of the Ptolemaic city, and the medieval city grew around this fort. During the Seventh Crusade
Seventh Crusade
, Louis IX of France briefly occupied the town